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which do not apply to the maidens, and, amongst others, | SOLUTION

QUESTIONS PROPOSED to qualify them for command. Has his reverence any


notion of promoting his maid (“ so clever") to be captain The cubing of 365 is effected in this manner :-The of his school ?

multiplier (5) produces 1825; the sum of the two per The following note, which accompanied Mr. Hanson's meteorological statements, published in the Kaleidoscope

In lieu of his adopting the principles of military dis- ing figures (36) is then considered as 35 only, which cipline, let him study those of political economy, and The multiplicand 365 has now, therefore, been muli

7 times 5, the first product 1825 is now multiplied of February 5th, 1828, is now inserted with a view to

digest the prices current; wait for “a more limited de- by 355 ; that is, it has not been taken so often by ten promote the object of the writer.

mand" of maids, as we see lately announced " in the as it should have been. It is, therefore, taken in TO THE EDITOR. article of butters,” or till cooks flow into the market along found,

in the addition of the whole, producing 15

being properly placed above) with the two products 81R.–As a constant reader of your miscellany, I shall with fitches, and come down with “ bacon, very dull.”

the square of 365, (which, however, is erroneously be glad to see a table of results (as a contrast to mine)

The real point in dispute between these belligerents is by C. A. M. as 133255, a mistake which has occu from daily notations taken in the vicinity of Liverpool, the same as that which pervades all mere animal life, considerable delay and difficulty to the investigator a which will be more desirable than any observations taken namely, which shall domineer; it is the contention of the process.) The multiplication by 365 is then repeu in the centre of the town. able against the helpless. To be able to make a bed, or the same way as before, which produces the cuberta

48627125. If it meet your approbation, perhaps an invitation a wether-haggis, are not, certainly, dignified accomplishfrom you would be the means of gaining the desired cor- ments ; but they are diurnal, and such as have probably by 5, which produces 1925.

This product is respondence.

been overlooked in the construction of a pedagogue: the tiplied by 7, making 13475=(35 times 385.) This In order to pursue meteorology scientifically, correct helpless party is, therefore, beholden to the party possess is now multiplied by 10, by setting it down we and uniform notations, from accurate instruments, are of ing ability for that which he cannot do for himself

. figure farther to the left, which producing 350 tita the first importance; and, in order to arrive at practical Knowledge is power,” and power is encroaching ; and completes the required multiplication, namely, sum

385 inferences, a series of cabular results, drawn from daily the only way to baffle it in its present exercise is, to

5 and simultaneous notations registered at remote places of know how to trundle a mop, or grapple a gridiron, and the country, and brought together in your columns for the herein to exercise himself,” as his friend Paul says,

1925 sake of comparison, would be very desirable.—Yours, &c. until this commodity, of whose scarcity he complains,

7 Plymouth Grove, Jan. 18, 1828. THOMAS HANSON. again gluts the market, as we find sometimes with pots,

and pearls, and Pernams.

I am, myself, Gentlemen, a lowly bud of the Gowan-
SIR,—The property of figures which I am going to de- glen, transplanted, with many of my clan, into a more

148225 scribe was first pointed out to me by yourself. If you, or genial soil, for the purpose of expansion. We are all any of your arithmetical friends, will explain the reason wise in our own generation; and the lessons superadded and receiving twenty-three half-crowns.

The goose must be paid for by giving three go of it, it will oblige one of your readers.

by the school of Hope-street instructing us to lay a proper
emphasis on abeelity, have not been thrown away upon

To Correspondents. Take any number consisting of two figures, then take the humblest of servants, even upon a third figure, which shall be equal to the difference be- St. Andrew-street, 19th January. JENNY GOWANLOCK.

THE ELDER PoetS.-Owing to a misconception of

rangement of Mr. Percival Melbourne's manuscript twixt the greater and the lesser of these two; set down

the specimens of the elder poets has appeared od this third figure on the side of the greater of the other two. The Beauties of Chess. place. The piece is called The Image of Death, and The number now formed, consisting of the three figures,

in our last number, as one of the specimens d 1 will be divisible by eleven. Thus, suppose we take 73,

"Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA.

Lodge, M. D. It was originally written by Mrs the difference betwixt these two is four, which, when

and should properly appear with the other side placed next to the 7, produces the number 473, which is


that writer's poetry, which will be given in Nord divisible by 11.–The same thing will happen if we re

selections. verse the order of these two figures ; for if we take 37,

1 Bishop ...D-7X 1 King ...B-8, (a) (b) ANATOMICAL DISSECTIONS.—Some recent proceeding and then place the 4, on the side of the 7, making 374,

2 Queen......B-3X 2 Bishop B-6

Kirkdale Sessions have reminded us of a pledge to this number will also be divisible by 11.

3 Queen......G-8X 8 King ...B-7

a friend--to transcribe from the Westminster Rerica * In our next we shall resume this subject, and shall, 4 Queen......C-8XMATE.

valuable article on this very delicate subject at the same time, give the solutiou of the problem with

Or, (a) 1 King ...D-8

next week, give a portion of the essay, which which we have been favoured by our correspondent.

2 Bishop ...E-6X 2 King .. E-7

for entire insertion, in one or two publications, 3 Queen......D-7X 3 King ...F-6

excluding almost all other matter. 4 Queen .. ...F-7XMATE.

CHESS.-We thank our Leeds correspondent for his FEMALE SERVANTS.

OR, (b) 1 King ...B—7

which, however, we need not avail ourselves, 2 Queen ......B-5X 2 Bishop B-6

in our possession the work from which Jstest 3 Queen......A-6X 3 King ... A-6

problems. That, in the present number of the Kobe SIR,—The discussion which the Rev. Macgowan so 4 Bishop .....C_8XMATE.

is one of them, and we have selected at least a ser pertinaciously maintains in your paper, to keep up a due

the same source. The situation given in Juvent's authority on the part of masters, and a corresponding sub- White to move and win with the pawn in thirteen moves.


has also appeared in the Kaleidoscope. If our correr

has access to the file of our work, and will refer to mission on the part of waiting maids, seems to have Black to have, at least, one piece when checkmated. 7th, and to our present volume, as far as it has originated in an erroneous view of those relations, which,

he will find 170 choice problems, with their even backed, as he desires, by statute, would scarcely


described in a manner more simple than that lessen the evil, or ensure concord in his kitchen.

any work extant on the subject. The quality of servants, like that of other commodities,

BEESTON CASTLE.-We have, in reserve, an Intera is regulated by the demand, or “ state of the market.” If

count of this singular antiquity, from Ormerod

of Cheshire, which, together with the engraped the docility of his * fresh arrivals” of Scotch maids is soon

tion, shall appear in the next Kaleidoscope converted into the restiveness which distinguishes the home

Music.-We this day present our readers with a production of Liverpool, the corrective is not to be found

chant, the composition of a Nobleman, much distin in dew laws, but “further supplies,” to keep the market

as an Amateur. We are not at liberty to be more poll down" at former quotations ;" and if Scotland cannot


in our description of his Lordship. mpply maids to the Liverpool market as freely as it sup

FEMALE SERVANTS.--The letter of Mr. Macgowa skalle plies masters to require them, the true remedy is, for the

THE VOYAGE FROM INVERNESS TO GLASGOT, by Eupoli masters to do that here, which they probably did there,

the next Kaleidoscope. namely, to serve themselves, as did also “ Peter and

ROBERT BURNS.-The short piece with which Paul," whose texts being brought to bear upon the

voured sometime since by P. M. shall appear next

RIDDLE OF LAST WEEK.- We need hardly tell our preacher's discourse, would seem to give it an evangelical

that the riddle of E. S. of Camdentown, inserted in ou turn, and fit the case for ecclesiastical cognisance and ju.

signifies nothing. risdiction, were it not that his reverence, at the same mo.

Music.-A correspondent who dates January 31, and ment, seems also to look for the attainment of this deside.

signs A Subscriber, must be mistaken; no such putum in domestic discipline to the naval articles of war,-

music as that to which he adverts ever appeared

Mercury by putting his “maids” upon the footing of midshipmen.

А в C D E F G H He should, however, as an instructor, know that the mid

Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by E. Sa dies are taught implicit and prompt obedience for reasons


and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-street.



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“ UTILE DULCI.” stanillar Miscellang, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and LAXNERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant Extracts, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, Wit and SATIRE, Fashions, Natural History, &c. forming handsome AnxUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

. 100.-- Vol. VIII.


Price 3d.

The Traveller.
bed seemed to have served several successive travellers,

The Philanthropist.
without being subjected to the discipline of soap and water,
VOYAGE FROM INVERNESS TO GLASGOW. and the others, though washed, were still extremely damp.

THE RED INDIANS OF NEWFOUNDLAND. Thankful to escape from such complicated miseries, we TO THE EDITOR. One of the greatest miseries that a traveller has re-embarked early the next morning; and, after a de

It will probably surprise many of our readers to bear of dure, is being called from his sleep at an early hour, lightful sail of several hours, reached the celebrated whirl Red Indians in the interior of Newfoundland. Their being obliged to face the raw morning air, before he pool of Corrieosechan. The sea is, in this place, studded existence in that island was unknown to us until a few this eyes fairly opened, feeling, at the same time, with innumerable little islands, one of which is only di- days ago, when we were introduced to Mr. W. E. Coraby certain of not arriving in time for the coach! vided from the main land by a narrow and very rocky mack, who is now in Liverpool, on his way from New. though without the fear of being too late, was pre. north of Scotland, meets the tide from the Irish Channel. John's, this gentleman read an interesting paper on the

strait. This is the point where the tide, coming round the foundland to Edinburgh. At a public meeting at St. i the predicament in which I, in company with two Before they meet it is a very singular, and, at the same subject, which we shall give entire; and it was unani1, found myself at Inverness, the capital of the time, awful sight, to see, as it were, two walls of water ad. mously resolved that a Society be formed, to be called ern Highlands. e intended embarking in the Ben Nevis steam-boat, vancing, with irresistible impetuosity, in opposite direc- the Bæothic Institution, for the purpose of opening a comlasgow, and as it lay about a mile from the town, we thrown to an immense height, with a deafening explosion. Red Indians of Newfoundland.

tions, and, when the concussion takes place, the spray is munication with, and promoting the civilization of, the long, dreary, silent walk, until we reached the Ca- When this first shock is over, the water within

the narrow inn Canal. Here we embarked ; and, after sailing strait begins to whirl round, and continues to do so till the particulars of his recent expedition into the interior of

We hear that Mr. Cormack is about to publish the few hours, without any remarkable occurrence, lay to

yers, celebrated for its magnificent waterfall. All ebb is considerably advanced. The force of the eddy is so Newfoundland; and we look forward, with much interest, assengers landed, in order to visit it; and, after a great, that ships coming within its infuence, when it is the for the appearance of his journal. The following article ang ascent of about half an hour, we reached a In the steam boat, however, we ventured through it,

most violent, are carried round and cashed on the rocks on the subject will be perused with interest by the public. bridge, thrown over the stream in such a manner

BOTHICK INSTITUTION. from it, we had a most picturesque view of a body of though with considerable risk. The vessel was thrown falling uninterruptedly from the height of one hun on her beam-ends, and we were obliged to hold by ropes, At a numerous meeting of the Friends of this Institucel Yet, grand as this scene was, it sunk into com. &c., to prevent ourselves from falling overboard. This tion, in the Court-house at Twillingate, on Tuesday the ve insignificance when we reached the lower fall.-danger past, we very soon reached the Crinin Canal, 20 day of October, 1827, the Honourable Augustus Wal. is somewhat nearer the loch ; and, although we which is certainly a great curiosity. It is cut through the let des Barres, Senior Assistant Judge of the Supreme

Court, and Judge of the Northern Circuit Court, of Newed it in ascending yet the trees prevented our seeing narrow peninsula of Cantire; and the greatest part is foundland, in the chair. In order to obtain the best view of this interesting through solid rock. Loch Gilphead is at the other extre- The Honourable Chairman briefly eulogized the object set

, it is necessary to descend a steep and craggy bank, mity of the canal, but is little more than a small fishing of the Institution, when the following statement, in supbeing reddered slippery by the spray from the village. Here we were obliged to wait a considerable time port thereof, was made by W. E. Cormack, Esq. the

founder :makes it a task of extreme difficulty, if not of danger. for the tide ; and night soon prevented us from distinguish.

“ scrambling down this bank we reached a small plat- ing any thing beyond the narrow•limits

of our vessel
. of his fellow.beings, and who hears of the

cause for of rock dear the foot of the fall,—and the scene that About midnight, we passed through the Kyles of Bute, which we are now met

, will assuredly foster any measures upon our view was one which amply compensated for where we were obliged to have several men stationed on that may be devised to bring within the protection of civi. mable in gaining it. One white sheet of foam was our bow, to watch for rocks, and give notice to the steers. lization that neglected and persecuted tribe, the Red In

g down the rocks, from a height of two hundred man. We also passed through a shoal of herrings, so except he be callous to the misfortunes, or regardless of welve feet, roaring and thundering as it mingled with thick as to impede the progress of the vessel ; and, as the the prosperity, of his fellow-creatures. Those who, by their sters in the almost unfathomable abyss, over which moon shone brightly on them, it had the appearance of own merits, or by the instrumentality of others, become rre, in a manner, suspended. The sun shone on the sailing through a sheet of silver.

invested with power and influence in society, are bound and produced the appearance of a perfect rainbow, Early in the morning we entered the mouth of the river in promoting the happiness of their fellow men: and if

the more to exert themselves to do all the good they can, whilst it added to the beauty, took nothing away Clyde, which presents a most beautiful view. On the there be such men in Newfoundland, who say there is no the inexpressible grandeur of the scene.

north side is seen the peninsula of Roseneath, the seat of the good to be gained by reclaiming the Aborigines from their leaving Foyers, the first place of any note was Fort Duke of Argyle; and a little further to the eastward is the present hapless condition, let them not expose their un. stus, which presented a most desolate appeararce. small town of Helensburgh. On the southern side lie the virtuous sentiments to the censure of this enlightened Port itself is a large, irregular, low building, and fishing villages of Largs and Gourock, and the port of age. Is there no honest pride in him who protects man

nearly deserted. A solitary sentinel paced the Greenock, with its extensive shipping, forming a coup monitor approving of all our acts which shall have the and only served to increase the appearance of deso- dæil worthy the pencil of Claude Lorraine. At Gree- tendency to lessen crime, and prevent murder ?

nock we were again obliged to wait for the tide, by the “We now stand on the nearest part of the New World wards evening we reached Fort William, where we assistance of which we shortly reached Port Glasgow. and on this sacred spot, do we form the first assembly that

to Europe, of Newfoundland to Britain ; and at this day, ined for the night, and experienced all the blessings From this town, up to Glasgow, the river is so shallow has ever yet collected together, to consider the condition genuine Scotch inn. We ordered tea on our arrival, that a sort of canal has been dredged up the middle, but, of the invaded, and ill-treated first occupiers of the country. vere presently accommodated with an infusion of sloe even with this, vessels exceeding about one hundred tons Britons have trespassed here, to be a blight and a scourge

The bread was mouldy, the butter was rancid, burthen are not able to get up. The rest of the voyage to to a portion of the human race; under their in other earn (or, rather, milk) was sour; and, to crown the Glasgow was diversified by the beautiful scenery on the pendent, proud tribe of men, have been nearly extirpated

there was a fine ham of "braxy" mutton. As this banks of the river. On our left we saw Dumbarton, from the face of the earth-scarcely causing an inquiry ir perhaps not quite intelligible to most readers, with its rocky castle, and on our right Paisley was just how, or why. Near this spot, man is known to remain in ald just mention, that the “brasy” mutton is the discernible in a cloud of smoke. After running aground all his primitive rudeness, clothed in skins, and with a of those sheep which disease or accident has killed ; two or three times, we reached the Bromielaw in safety: bow and arrow only to gain his subsistence by, and to in the present case, decomposition was so far advanced whence a “noddy” (which is a four-wheeled conveyance the opposite approximating point, is man improved and he meat could be easily shaken from the bone. To something resembling a Liverpool car) quickly wheeled us powerful: barbarity and civilization are this day called our grievances, on retiring to rest, the sheets of one to our quarters at the George Inn.


upon to shake hands.


"The history of the original inhabitants of Newfound. Institution,” for the purpose of opening a communication castle was at this time obstinately defended by the land, called by themselves Bæothick, and by Europeans with, and promoting the civilization of, the Red Indians vernor, Sir Henry Lingen, at the head of a small the Red Indians, can only e gleaned from tradition, and of Newfoundland.

gallant body of cavaliers, against the attacks of the that chiefly among the Micmacs. It would appear that

liamentary army commanded by Colonel Birch. TV about a century and a half ago, this tribe was numerous

termined valour of the besieged, and the almost ing and powerful, like their neighbouring tribe, the Micmacs: (From the Newfoundlander of December 19.)

nable strength of the fortress, had already cost the both tribes were then on friendly terms, and inhabited " That enterprising, gentleman, W. E. Cormack, Esq., ants, in men and ammunition, more than, in the ora the western sliores of Newfoundland, in common with the who, it will be remembered, left this place about the unid. of the best-informed military judges, the place was fed other parts of the island, as well as Labrador. A misun, ale of September last, for the purpose of taking an excur- and Birch at length determined to sit down quierly! derstanding with the Europeans (French) who then held sion into the interior of the country, with a view to dis- the castle, and trast to the power of that slow but ong the sway over these parts, led, in the result, to hostilities cover the retreat of the Red Indians, ar.d with the ulti: tent ally-famine, to subdue the resolution of the gan between the two tribes; and the sequel of the tale runs mate object of introducing them to civilized life, returned whose provisions were known to be nearly exhaa As follows:

to this town on Wednesday last, in a small schooner, Some feeling of compassion, mixed, doubtless, si • The European authorities, who, we may suppose, from Twillingate.

small portion of apprehension as to the consequena were not over 'scrupulous in dealing out equity here in • We have had some conversation with Mr. Cormack; themselves of this protracted siege, prompted the PL those days, offered a reward for the persons or heads of and the following may be regarded as a brief outline of mentary leaders to send various messages to the Gore certain of the Red Indians. Some of the Micmacs were the route which this gentleman has taken.

offering advantageous terms of capitulation, all of tempted by the reward, and took off the heads of two of “ Mr. Cormack, accompanied by three Indians, entered were, however, indignantly rejected by Lingen. them: before the heads were delivered, to obtain the the mouth of the river Exploits, at the north-west arm, occasion, a cavalier on the ramparts called to the pa reward, they were by accident discovered, concealed in and proceeded in a north-westerly direction, to Hall's Bay, at work in the mines, and said, they cared not fa the canoe which was to convey them, and recognised by distant about furty or fifty miles. Al about half way, blown up; they could from the sky laugh at the some of the Red Indians as the heads of their friends. namely, at Badger Bay Great Lake, he was encouraged ing of the Roundheads. The Red Indians gave no intimation of the discovery to by finding some traces, indicating that a party of the Red This state of things had continued for some time, the perpetrators of the unprovoked outrage, but consulted Indians had been at that place, some time in the course on the morning of a fine day in July, 1646, a among themselves, and determined upon having revenge of the preceding year.

armed from top to toe, and well mounted, was seen, they invited the Micmacs to a feast, and arranged their " From Hall's Bay, a westerly direction into the inte. ceded by a fag of truce, and followed by three bors guests in such order that every Bæothick had a Micmac rior was taken, and about thiriy miles were traversed, to issue from the Warren of Walford, belonging by his side;

at a preconcerted signal every Bæɔthick slew towards Bay of Islands, and to the southward of White noted Colonel Kyrle, a fortified mansion, where Bird his guest. The deed being done, the Boothicks retired Bay, when, discovering nothing that could assist him in fixed his head quarters, and take the road which from those parts of the country bordering on the Micmacs. his inquiries there, Mr. Cormack proceeded southwardly, Goodrich Castle. It was not long ere they arrived War of course ensued. Fire-arms were little known to to the Red Indians' Lake, where he spent several days, the gate, and sounded a parley. A few signals the Indians at this time, but they soon came into more examining the deserted encampments, and the remains between the warder and the interior guard, the pare general use among such tribes as continued to hold inter of the tribe. At this place were found several wooden was drawn up, and the party entered the castle. course with Europeans: this circumstance gave the Mic. cemeteries, one of which contained the remains of Mary were speedily assisted from their saddles, and ushere macs an undisputed ascendancy over the Bæ thicks, who March and her husband, with those of others; but, disco a great hall, where they found themselves in the pa were forced to betake themselves to the recesses of the in- vering nothing which indicated that any of the living tribe of the Governor, surrounded by about twenty of terior, and retired parts of the island, alarmed, as they had recently been there, Mr. Cormack rafted about seventy perior officers of the garrison. The leader of the well might be, at every report of the firelock.

miles down the river, touching at various places in his party raised his visor, and was immediately recogna "Since that day, European weapons have been directed, way, and again reached the mouth of the Exploits, after the son of the commander of the besieging army, from every quarter, (and in later times too often) at the an absence of thirty days, and having traversed nearly 200 Captain Birch," said the Governor, as he lo open breasts and unstrung bows of the unoffending Beo- miles of the interior, encompassing most of the country his guest with that courtesy for which he was celel thick. Sometimes these unsullied people of the chase which is known to have been, hitherto, the favourite : I heartily bid you welcome ; but if your objectia have been destroyed wantonly, because they have been resort of the Indians.

ing here to day be similar to that which procured thought more fleei, and more evasive, than men ought to “ Mr. Cormack is decidedly of opinion that the tribe honour of your last visit, you will pardon me fat be; at other times, at the sight of them, the terror of the have taken refuge in some sequestered spot in the neigh- that you might have spared yourself an uns ignorant European has goaded him on to murder the in. bourhood of Bay Islands, west of white Bay, or in the journey.”. nocent-at the bare mention of which sivilization ought south-west part of the island; and, having found where “ Sir Henry Lingen," answered Birch, "itia to weep. Incessant and ruthless persecution, continued they are not, he apprehends very little difficulty in find my errand is now somewhat different from that so many generations, has given these sylvan people an ing where they really are. Mr. Corinack has engaged led me hither, but being here, I cannot avoid utter distrust and abhorrence of the very signs of civiliza- three of the most intelligent of the other Indians to follow pressing upon your attention the impropriety, tion. Shaunawdithit, the surviving feinale of those who up his search in the ensuing year; and he feels persuaded deed, the absurdity, of wasting the lives of brave were captured four years ago, by some fishermen, will not that the pursuit will he ultimately attended with complete a fruitless struggle.' now return to her tribe, for fear they should put her to -Ledger."

“ You talk, Captain Birch,” returned Lingen, death ; a proof of the estimation in which we are held by

way which proves how ignorant you and the perce that persecuted people.

whom you came are, as to the resources of the cure The situation of the unfortanate Bæothicks carries


the gallantry and resolution of the gentlemen br with it our warmest sympathy, and loudly calls on us all

I am surrounded, who are determined to defende to do something for the sake of humanity. For my own

uttermost." satisfaction, I have, for a time, released myself from all


“Sir Henry,” said Birch, as a smile, in which other avocations, and am here now, on my way to visit

ever, there was more of compassion than of scorn. that part of the coun'ry which the surviving remnant of

over his dark features, “ I perceive as plainly as

(From Neele's Romance of History.) the tribe have of late years frequented, to endeavour to

what will be the result of our late interviess. force a friendly interview with some of them, before they

at present, however, simply instructed by our come are entirely annihilated ; but it will most probably require The country between Ross and Chepstow presents a Colonel Birch, lo claim from you the person of many such interviews, and some years, to reconcile them succession of fine scenery, which, for variety and beauty, and niece, who has eloped from his charge, and, to the approaches of civilized man.

is, perhaps, nowhere to be equalled within the same dis- informed, taken refuge in the fortress at presset Several gentlemen of rank, in England and elsewhere, tance. Tourists have been much divided as to the spot your orders. Although the unhappy circumstances have viewed with regret tho neglect and cruelties that have which is entitled to claim the superiority. Some have de. times have compelled two brave and honourate been exercised towards those people ; and have offered to cided in favour of the steps of Windcliff, with their coro. range under hostile banners, he presumes that come forward in support of any measures that might be net of richly variegated wood, and the extensive prospect Lingen is the last man in the three kingduais to co adopted, to offer them the protection and kindness of which they command of the fertile valley at their feet, the the tearing asunder of doinestic ties, or the vica civilization. Amongst the foremost of these are his junction of the Wye with the Severn in the middle dis- natural duties."-"Tell Colonel Birch,” anser Lordship the Bishop of Nova Scotia ; and among our: cance, and the boundless ocean itself terminating the Governor, that during the long period in which selves, the Honourable Augustus Wallet Des Barres. I horizon. Others prefer the seclusion and solemnity of joyed the friendship of the late Mr. Birch, alebo lay his Lordship, the Bishop's correspondence upon that Tintern ; the gray, but graceful, pillars of the monastic died before these unhappy troubles broke outs subject on the table. After this day we shall expect the ruin seeming to hallow the lovely scenery in the midst of found him, hy word or deed, betray a sentiment co-operation of many such independent and enlightened which it stands; the woods which embosom it, the hills could be construed into an accordance with such pro men.

which screen it from the wind, and the river which mur: as his brother has lately chosen to adopt ; and "I hope to be able to effect, in part, the first objects of murs at its feet, reflecting its mouldering and ivy-mantled rescuing his daughter, who has voluntarily put the Institution--that of bringing atrout a reconciliation of form on its unruffled bosom. Perhaps, however, if we under my protection, from the authority of a perser he Aborigines, to the approaches of civilization. I have examine the subject impartially, we shall come to the fessing such principles, and who, moreover, would already commenced my measures, and am determined to conclusion that the vicinity of Goodrich Castle is to be her into a match to which she has an invincible follow up, in progression, what steps may appear to be preferred to all its sister beauties on the banks of the Wye. nance, I do not conceive that I encourage either the the best for the accomplishment of the object I have long At the period to which the following narrative refers, ing asunder of domestic ties, or the violation of all had in view. I hope to state to the public, in a few weeks, this place presented an appearance very different from duties." the result of my present excursion; on which I am to be what it does at present. The now mouldering turrets of “ Your friend, as you term him," said Birch,“ accompanied by a small party of other tribes of Indians. the castle were then manned with many an intrepid war- death bed, left his daughter to the guardianship of (Signed)


rior; cannon were pointed from the walls, where now the brother." "That brother," retorted Lingen, "*25.

ivy clings and the bat builds undisturbed ; and the deep a loyal subject of King Charles, and had not made It was then proposed by W. E. Cormack, Esq., seconded moat, at present choked up with forest trees, was then upon his countrymen.”. You are an ingenious can by Charles Simms, Esq., and unanimousiv resolved, — filled with water, and guarded by a drawbridge,

which Sir Henry ; but you will pardon me if, without imper That a Society be formed, to be called tne - Bæsthick I was lowered but seldom, and with extreme caution. The ling your veracity, I venture to say that you may proba


take for an attachment to certain principles, a predilec-; wishes. His death, however, soon took place, and Alice now pouring in torrents, while the swollen Wye, whose for the interests of your own kinsman. The captain's was put under the guardianship of her uncle, a sour Puri- banks they were traversing, was foaming furiously as they as he uttered these words, glanced with a peculiar ex. I tan, in whose character, for honour and integrity, his bro- passed. They had not proceeded far before they were ssion upon a young man to the right of Lingen, who ther, nevertheless, placed the greatest confidence. A short alarmed by the appearance of an armed horseman, who been among the few who had so ardently supported time, however, effectually unniasked him. Desirous of occupied the centre of the road before them. Although

defiance of the Governor. The object of this glance securing his brother's estates in his own family, he was he seemed startled, and chagrined to see them, he adnot slow in acknowledging its reference to himself. anxious to force upon Alice a marriage with his son; and vanced rapidly towards them, while applying a bugle to Nay, Sir," he exclaimed," "as he checked the ready' when the civil war broke out, and the party to which he his mouth, he made the valley ring with its echoes. ply of the Governor, this quarrel is my own. Captain attached himself gained the ascendant, Alice was dragged Curse on ye! are ye here so soon, and my tardy vil. in, although the blood in your veins is the last which in the train of her uncle, whose busy fears would not allow lains not arrived ? But this right arm will suffice to do would wish to shed, vet your presumptuous pretensions him to leave her hehind him, when he went to lay siege the work." Thus saying, while with one hand he again råe hand of a lady who rejects, who scorns you, and the to Goodrich Castle Here she contrived to effect her applied the bugle to his mouth, with the other, which held amnious aspersion which you have just now cast upon | escape, if such it could be called, into the beleagured for- bis weapon, he made a furious lunge at Clifford, who, how. motives of my honoured kinsman, call for immediate tress, whose surrender, in the course of a few days, was ever, parried the blow, and retired a few paces. Сар. stisement. There is my glove; and, if you dare take deemed a matter of certainty. Under these circumstances, tain Birch," he said, (for he soon recognised his rival) " is p, here (drawing his sword) is that which shall make it will be readily believed, that when Clifford entered her this honourable, like a highwayman, to waylay me, or I repent your insolence !"

apartment, he discovered in her no inclination to oppose courteous, to assault me, while protectitg a lady ?" “ Talk The features of Birch, except that they were lightened, the plan which had been laid down for her deliverarce. ye of honour, coward, who are deserting your comrades, a moment by a contemptuous smile, remained per.' He found her ready equipped for the journey, while in their last extremity, and flying from the consequences ty unchanged -as with one hand he took up the chal- Simpson was fortifying himself for it with the best fare of your own challenge? Die!" While uttering these ter's gage, and with the other unsheathed his weapon. which the larder of the castle, in a state so nearly ap- words he renewed his attack more furiously; and rage, as Henry Lingen, however, interposed. “ Clifford,” he' proaching to exhaustion, could supply.

well as the necessity for self-defence, gave redoubled vigour in a determined tone, “ I command you to respect “Dearest Charles," said Alice, behold me ready to Lo Clifford. With one arm twined round the almost life. rights of hospitality and the faith of truce. Captain encounter all bazards in your company. Simpson, lead less form of Alice, and with the other aiming at the heart 2. I charge you not to forget the peaceable character on !" " Nay, not so fast, young lady! the palfrey is not of Birch, he waged, for a long time, a very unequal comabieh you presented yourself at these gates, and unler yet saddled, and it will be ill waiting at the outlet of the bat. The horse of the latter, however, stumbling, precisinction of which you have been admitted. Tell your subterraneous passage longer than is necessary.” “Well, pitated its rider to the ground. Clifford was on the point les that, while Goodrich Castle is under my command, well! we are at your disposal," said the lady; "but me. of generously waving this advantage, and dismounting, Birch may rely upon finding protection within its thinks I could echo the wish of Imogene, Oh! for a but his adversary, with the speed of lightning, recovered

Birch bowed slightly as he withdrew from the horse with wings !” “Trust ine, Alice," said Clifford, his legs; then, foaming with fury, and covered with mire, ence of the Governor. : We shall meet again," whis- smiling, “ a tight stirrup, and a kcen spur, will be of more he advanced, and would have sheathed his sword in the

Clifford as be passed him. “ Doubt not that," an- i avail than the pinions of Pegasus himself! But, good bowels of Clifford's horse; but Clifford, perceiving his red Birch, grasping bis hand, and that hostile pressure Simpson, despatch your meal as quickly as possible." Sir object, struck him a deadly blow on his head, which cut returned with a tervour which, perhaps, the grasp of Henry told me that every thing was in readiness.” Another through his helmet, and made a deep incision on his tem. adship never equalled. Shortly afterwards was heard and another mouthful were taken by Simpson, with even ple. The unhappy man uitered a dreadful groan, and tramp of their horses' hoofs crossing the drawbridge, more deliberation than would have been necessary under fell lifeless to the earth. then the heavy creaking of the chains, as the port circumstances of much less moment. He then led them Clifford, gasping for breath, and covered with the blood is was once more lowered to forbid the ingress of to a remote part of the castle, and they arrived at a small both of his opponent and himself, perceived, nevertheless, ile visiters. " It is in vain, Clifford ; it is in vain !” door, so concealed in a dark part of ihe passage, that it the necessity for immediately resuming his journey. The

Sir Henry Lingen, when the retirement of his was scarcely discernible. Here Simpson, after trying consciousness of this necessity also operated upon the weak ers had left him alone with his nephew ; " our various keys, found that he had left the only one which frame and shattered spirits of Alice more effectually than bunition is nearly exhausted, and our provisions could be of any service behind him. “ Dilatory dotard !" the utmost skill or care could possibly have done, and they saill more scanty: not enough, indeed, to distribute exclaimed Clifford, " hasten for it; and should you not were both speedily reinounted, and on their way to the he garrison any thing like even the slender ratien use a little more expedition, though I should not honour ferry. Clifford now began to doubt the fidelity of Simpson.

was dealt out to them yesterday. You perceived you with the discipline of my sword, do not expect for It was evident that Birch expected them, and that had with the exception of yourself, my sons, and the gal. equal immunity from my cudgel !" The old man left they been much later they would not have encountered Vaughan, none of my officers are disposed to hold them, muttering his discontent. Clifford, vexed and him alone. These thoughts agitated the mind of Clifford, any loager, and that they could not even conceal their mortified himself, had much to do to support the sinking while he impelled his jaded steed towards the ferry. When aliection in the presence of our arch enemy. The re. spirits of Alice. His threats, however, were apparently arrived there his heart sunk within him at beholding alto deliver up his niece will. I have no doubt, exaspe. not without their effect upon Simpson, who returned as nought but the foaming Wye lashed into fury by the wind, Bireh, and, combined with the intelligence which his soon as they could reasonably expect. The door being and swollen by the excessive rains, without any trace either I will communicate, induce him to make an immediate unlocked, they descended a flight of steps for a considerable of Simpson or his boat. ick, the success of which appears inevitable. I shall time, and long before they reached the bottom they had “ Alice," he said, " the fates make war against us. doat as long as I find any one to support me; but if lost the light of day.

There is no peace or safety here. The headsman's block ones to the worst, I shall be able to make tolerable A faint glimmering induced them to hope that they will be my portion, and the dungeons of Goodrich or as for myself, and for all but you and Alice. A price were approaching the outlet, but it turned out to be only Chepstow will be yours. " We shall tind peace, if not lg set upon your head in consequence of your being the lantern of one of the sentinels, of whom there were safety, Clifford,” 'returned Alice. " in the bed of yonder licated in the King's escape to Newark, it would not twelve, placed at various intervals within ear-shot of each Wye.” Clifford grasped her hand fervently." Nay, one a the power even of Birch, were he so inclined, to save other, to guard this secret entrance to the castle. The chance remains for us yet. Our steed may bear us to the tand' Alice would be forced into a marriage with this approach of an enemy, should he be able to discover this opposite bank, and then let Birch and his myrmidons howl

wbo, with all his plausible exterior, and unques- entrance through accident, or the treachery of any person over their disappointed malignity. But, hark! I hear ably soldier like qualities, I know to be brutal, san- ' acquainted with it, could thus be speedily discovered, and Simpson's voice. nay, and fanatical. My valet Simpson, who was for communicated to the inhabitants of the castle, in time to The trampling of horses was, indeed, heard, and Simpmy years a servant in this castle, while in the posses- enable them to guard the inner entrance to the passage son's voice enforcing the necessity of speed. A light broke of good old Sir Hugh Stanton, will show you a way from surprise, even should the outer one be forced. in on the faces of Clifford and Alice as they turned round to which you may escape unobserved, and afterwards this manner the fugitives traversed the length of nearly hail their deliverer; but it was changed to the blackness s you at the ferry with means of transporting you across half a mile, sometimes ascending, at others descending of despair when they saw, at the distance of about fifty Wye, to Ragland Castle. I will delay the surrender 'and at others treading a level plain. They now arrived at yards from them, Simpson and Colonel Birch riding abreast ang as possible, that your escape may not be discovered a flight of steps, which led to a door in the roof, and be of each other, and followed by six horsemen. "Clifford you are beyond the reach of pursuit.”

fore which a sentinel, armed, and with a lamp, was plunged his spurs into his courser's flanks, and impelled And why not, my noble uncle, seek safety with us ?" pacing. Here Simpson took his leave, promising to meet him to the water's edge. The horse, however, terrified at say, I must not desert my men. I have still a hope, them at the ferry. The sentinel then unclosed the trap- the appearance of the foaming river, reared and backed, hough indeed a forlorn one, of being able to keep the door, when Clifford and Alice found themselves in a thick and had nearly thrown his rider. A yell of savage exul. de Find Alice, to whom Simpson has already com. I wood, which they had entered from the hollow of an tation burst from the lips of Birch, who was now within niated my design ; and lose no time in leaving the enormous oak, in the bottom of which was the trap-door hearing; but what was his astonishment at seeing the

which had just closed behind them. By certain letters lovers dismount, and, after tenderly embracing each other, Llice Birch had just entered her nineteenth year, and carved on the bark of the trees, with which Lingen had disappear in the foaming torrent. Once the mounting

endowed with all those perfections, both mental and made him acquainted, Clifford tracked his way through wave raised them on its bosom towards the skies-then rsonal, which have been the property of heroines of ro this otherwise pathless forest, and at length found himself subsided, and closed over them for ever! luce from time imipemorial.

at its outskirts. Here he perceived the palfrey held by a It is said that to this day the spirits of Alice and Clifford At her father's house she had often met Sir Henry young man, who, as soon as he saw them, made eager haunt the ruined towers of Goodrich, and are heard in ngen, and his nephew, Charles Clifford ; with the former signs to them to quicken their pace. "Ye have been every storm, shirieking on the swollen waters of the Wye. whom Mr. Birch, a gentleman of family and fortune long coming, Sir, as though this were a time to toy with The vicinity of the fatal spot is carefully shunned on the Gloucestershire, had been a fellow-collegian. The a fair lady, when Birch reckons your blood as already red anniversary of their catastrophe; and a peasant, more Frits of Clifford soon made an impression on the suscep. upon his weapon."

” Clifford and the page assisted Alice hardy than his comrades, who once ventured there on that le bosom of Alice. He was nearly three years her to mount the saddle: the former got up before her, and day, is reported to have seen a horseman, with a female fior, of approved bravery and personal beauty, and then, after waving his hand to the page, who immediately behind him, vainly urging his steed to cross the river. rsed in all the learning and accomplishments of the disappeared in the thickest of the forest, he plunged his The terrified spectator hastened home to his companions, be. A mutual attachment was the consequence, which, spurs into the courser's side, and made the best of his and the tale which he told heightened and confirmed the hough it had not yet been so far avowed as to call upon way towards the ferry.

religious awe with which that spot has been ever since r. Birch for an expression either of dissent or approval, T'he day had changed from fine to stormy, and the rain, regarded, and which has kept it sacred from the intrusions s not, there was every reason to believe, opposed to his of which they had not felt much while in the forest, was of mortal footsteps on the day in question.




Yes; “ Illusions! exclaims the philosopher; Illusions ! but without them I should feel nothing of life but its misery."

Its birth is ushered in by sighs,

Meek offsprings to misfortune given ; It steals its way from pitying eyes,

As dew drops gently fall from heaven. 'Tis fed by tale of others' woe,

Yet only seeks their grief to banish ; And where unchecked 'tis left to flow,

All selfisha feelings quickly vanish. With innocence alone it dwells,

To modest worth companion ever ; Btill blushing as the heart compels

The down-cast eye and it to sever. 'Twill visit oft the eyes of Love,

Shedding a lustre, nought can borrow; Etherial essence from above,

Hath marked its mood 'twixt joy and sorrow. From nature's purest fount it springs,

Whose gentle murmurs ease our anguish ; A balm to cure the scorpion stings

Of slighted love, in hearts that languish. A heavenly messenger 'tis sent,

To cheer the drooping soul dejected; Or wizard spell, by virtue lent,

To soothe the pangs of worth neglected. As the celestial Iris shows,

'Mid threat'ning storms, a promised blessing, Its soft and cheering influence throws

A sunny light o'er scenes distressing. With lovers, 'tis a token sure

Their hearts in unison are beating; An emblem of affection pure,

Where sighs embrace, and tears are greeting. To meek-eyed Pity ever true,

It leads soft Charity before it; No malice can its charms subdue ;

Angels admire, but men adore it. No bosom may resist its power,

Or soul withstand its soft allurement, Tho' gaunt Despair assert bis hour,

Ind hearts are racked beyond endurement, Friendship hath raised for it a throne,

Where kindred hearts in concord sigh; But Virtue claims it as her own,

And calls it-Tear of Sympathy. Leigh-street, Red Lion-square, London.

W. P.


Forget thee! oh, perer! this heart may forego

Its every impression of pleasure or care; But the germ thou hast taught in its desert to gror,

In sunshine or tempest, shall still flourish there. Albeit the soil shall be withered and chill

Where the life-blight of sorrow may be, and hath Yet meni'ry her softest of dews shall distil,

To nurture one spot of perennial green. And there, like the rose of the wilderness isle,"

O'er solitude shedding its sweetest perfume; Though the rage of the storm bellows round it the

The flower thou hast planted, unfading shall bloom When misfortune had muster'd her vials of wrath,

To pour on my darkling and wearisome road; And when falsehood had scatter'd her thorns in a

Fell fortitude sicken'd with misery's good. Thy smile did a light o'er my wanderings shed,

Though the storm of oppression and slander was e When the last fleeting ray of Hope's meteor had his

While the bosoms I trusted, were cold, or at strik Oh thy love ! like the moonbeam, illuming the glas That envelops some lone ruin's mouldering pile

, Might gild e'en the chains, and the horrors of doan

And teach desolation and madness to smile Then shall I forget thee, thou beautiful one?

No, never! I know not what fate may decret, But I know while thy star of affection shines on,

The tempest of life will be sunshine to me.

• The Ionian Island, on its first discovery, was found covered with roses, which were literally " bora te their sweetness on the desert air."

And is, then, all illusion here

Joy's gladsome form that wears ?
Gay Spring's enchanting radiance fair,

The rose that summer bears;
And dreams, fond dreams, as heaven bright,
And all condemned to change and blight,

And still, alas! whate'er we call

Or pleasure, joy-delusion all ?
Is Hope, that starry shape of light,

Permitted but to throw
Her dazzling halo, pure and bright,

Upon a world of woe;
But that, when bade again resume
Her native heaven, in tenfold gloom

The desert scene she sought to bless

May own superior wretchedness ?
And Love, bright Love, that witching form ;

Is Love, oh tell, I pray,
But the masked spirit of the storm,

An ignis fatuus' ray ?
Or traitor, that, when cherished most,
Sees, by surrounding breakers tost,

The victim Pity sought to save,

Lost, 'whelm'd beneath the sounding wave ?
And Friendship, holy Friendship meek,

Is Friendship but a dream ?
A wild chimera vain we seek,

A shadow on the stream;
A false, betraying, fancied light,
We follow till, with stern affright,

Slowly and sadly broaght to own

Her sacred presence here unknown ?
Joy, Friendship, Love, and angel Hope,

Are ye illusions, say ?
But shadows on our horoscope

In magical display,
Like figures that, by Maffey shown,
Seem as alike to each were known

Sense, being, thought; the while around

But aërial nothings stalk the ground ?
Illusions all! yet an, denied

This lower realm to bless;
Ah, what were then on earth descried

Save shapes of wretchedness ?
Then Joy, Love, Friendship, Hope, to me,
Still, still as real and living be,

For stripped of dear illusion's light,

Again would frown primeval night. Ltverpool

• Maffey's Automatons.



(Not to be found, as we understand, in any Edition of the



Thou bed, in which I first began To be that various creature-Mar! And when again the Fates decree, The place where I must cease to be ;When sickness comes, to whom I ty, To soothe my pain, or close mide eye ;When cares surround me, where I Feep, Or lose them all in balmy sleep ;When sore with labour, whom I court, And to thy downy breast resort ;Where, too, ecstatic joys I fiod, When deigns my Delia to be kind,And full of love, in all her charms, Thou giv'st the fair one to my arms. The centre thou,—where grief and pain, Disease and rest, alternate reignO, since within thy little space, So many various scenes take place; Lessons as useful shalt thou teach, As sages dictate-churchmen preach; And man, convinced by thee alone, This great important truth shallow0:“ That thin partitions do divide The bounds where good and ill reside ; That nought is perfect here below ; But BLISS still bordering upon woe."


Sweet, fairy minstrel! say not thou
Kame's wreath will never grace thy brow;
And write it, too, where all must see
Thy lasting immortality!
What! say thou hast a dying name,
And trace those thoughts in words of fame;
In characters that those who read,

Must say those words were never meant;
Or, if they were, that they indeed

Were spoken with a wrong intent?
For I can trace in every line
A thought that is all but divine;
A beauty, grace, a magic spell,
My feeble pen might never tell;
But never say that name can die,
Whose song claims immortality !
The thought profound, the martial word,

The spell-wrought, glorious theme is thine;
For Byron's strength, Moore's magic chord,

Both in thy witching lay combine. Manchester

W. RN.



There is a tear that all have blest,

Offspring of a fond emotion ; Cherished within the feeling breast,

Engendered from the soul's devotion. It lurks in hearts that know no guile,

Bespeaks a mind that ne'er dissembles; Is twin-born with compassion's smile,

And oft on cheek of beauty trembles.

(From Tales of an Antiquary.) Syr Tankarde he is as bold a wight

As ever old England bred; His armoure it is of the silver bright,

And his colour is ruby red:

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