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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


famlliar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and LASERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRANA, ARTs and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

1 398. – Vol. VIII.

Price 3d

DEREVE .cz Literature. Criticism. &c. A voyage to America is now merely an affair of to it; and Flok, following his guide, fell in with the

three or four weeks ; but this circumstance ought east end of the island. Such was the simple mode JE LIFE AND VOYAGES OF COLUMBUS. not, in the slightest degree, to detract from the of keeping their reckoning, and steering their course, BY WASHINGTON IRVING.

merit of Columbus, whose enterprise and perseverance, practised by these bold navigators of the stormy nos

under the most untoward circumstances, cannot be thern ocean. The ancient natives of Taprabonè Ne feel a sort of habitual attachment to the too much admired. The astronomical instruments (Ceylon) used the same expedient, when skimming lings of Mr. Washington (rving, independent of upon which he had to depend for ascertaining the along the tranquil surface of the Indian Ocean.

1. latitude, were extremely defective ; and he was (Plinii Hist. Nat. L. VI. c. 22.”)– Vol. I. 261, note. intrinsic merit and unexceptionable moral of his

wholly destitute of any means of determining the We shall now, without further preamble, gratify ks; and the sentiment arises from that principle

pre longitude. He was sailing for distant, unknown our readers with a specimen of Mr. Washington sociation which mingles with, and influences, the lands, the position of which was problematical, and Irving's work, as we find it given in the last number ngs and judgments of men, in spite of the sterner the very existence of which was a matter of philo- of the Literary Gazette. stes of judgment and criticism. Several years sophical and geographical speculation. He was when we commenced the old series of the surrounded by an ignorant, bigotted, and mutinous

This work will appear in the course of the ensuing month, crew, utterly unacquainted with the spherical shape and, from what we have seen of it, we are persuaded it idascope, Mr. Washington Irving's celebrated

of the earth, and, of course, incapable of appreciating will give Mr. Washington Irving a prodigious increase of eh Book was one of the first literary banquets the rational inference of Columbus,—that by sailing | fame. The novelty of fact exhibited, in treating a subh we served up to our readers through the me-westward he must, necessarily, either discover otherject popularly conceived to be trite and exhausted, will s of our publication. A judicious and valuable continents, or return to that from which he had set command wonder,-only to be explained by the circum1, the late much lamented Dr. Robert Taylor, out.

stances which have given the author access to public, as had recently taken up his residence in the United. The perilous adventures of the early navigators, well as private, archives, hitherto “a fountain shut up, and

who explored the trackless ocean previously to the a book sealed.” The chaste and pervous elegance of the es of America, and with whom we were in the

discovery of the compass, the quadrant, the sextant, style, and the liberal and truly philosophical cast of thought of corresponding, rendered us a most essential

J and the chronometer, may be compared to the gropingsand sentiment, are what no one need be surprised with, who ice by forwarding to us the separate numbers of of a blind man in a path which he has never before

has read some of his previous writings: but this performance Irving's Sketch Book, as they were published in trodden—the intricacies of which are aggravated by

is every way a more elaborate one than any of those, and

of higher pretensions,--pretensions which, we have no arica; by which means we were enabled to in his want of the walking staff, which is so necessary

sary doubt, the world will pronounce to be justified in the resee that pleasing work to the English public to the guidance of persons in his deploral

to the guidance of persons in his deplorable calamity. I sult. To throw an air of total novelty on a theme of anugh the Kaleidoscope, almost before it was beard

1-Upon second thoughts, this simile, although apt in cient interest,-to write a history, where previously there

one sense, fails in another, because many of the early had been only mémoires pour servir,"—such has been our London ; and long before the booksellers brought mariners had nothing but the eye to depend upon; American countryman's proud attempt; and with un. tas a separate volume.

their guide was the shores which they skirted, and mingled pleasure do we contemplate the fruit of his long e have now the pleasure to bail Mr. Irving in a when these were lost sight of, the stars by night were and arduous labours. what new character,—that of historian or bio- their only resource.

| We shall bereafter enter into some critical examination her of the celebrated Christopher Columbus.] In very remote ages of antiquity the Western shores of this great work; but for the present content ourselves, se discovery of America may be regarded as one Hope doubled. by adventurers who had no other of Africa were thus explored, and the Cape of Good and gratify our readers, with a few extracts.

Mr. Irving draws the

vs the characters of Ferdinand and Isa. e most important events in the history of the dependance for safety than a look out for land by bella,

reat day, and for the stars at night; nor were the naviga

admiral at length was enabled to realize his immortal bas long been the subject of regret amongst li- tors, nine or ten centuries ago, in any better plight for

scheme, in the following terms: the passage, of itself, would

show that he is entitled to a place among our historic y men and antiquaries that the history of Co-prosecuting nautical discoveries—as we may learnestir ins was so imperfectly known, especially as it from Macpherson's Annals of Commerce; the subjoined

"The time when Columbus first sought his fortunes in understood that amongst the national archives

extract from which may prove new and amusing to Spain coincided with one of the most brilliant periods of

many of our readers. pain ample materials existed to satisfy the very

the Spanish monarchy. The union of the kingdoms of

Birds used for Steeriny by, A. D. 890.-"Arngrim Kral interest which all the civilized world feel for

Arragon and Castile, by the marriage of Ferdinand and Ta teel for Jonas tells us, that, when Flok, a famous Norwegian Isabella, had consolidated the Christian power in the Pe. thing connected with the memory of a man

navigator, was going to set out from Shetland, for ninsula, and put an end to those internal feuds which had Se name will be immortal.

Iceland, then called Gardarsholm, he took on board | so long distracted the country, and ensured the domina. r. Washington Irving has, it appears, obtained ac- some crows, because the mariner's compass was not tion of the Mos

rows, because the mariner's compass was not tion of the Moslems. The whole force of united Spain to the ancient records to which we have adverted ; l yet in use. When he thought he had made a consi was now exerted in a

he thought he had made a consi | was now exerted in the chivalrous enterprise of the Moorif we may judge by the specimen we are about (derable part of his way, he threw up one of his

we are about derable part of his way, he threw up one of his crows. | ish conquest. The Moors, who had once spread over the ay before our readers, we may anticipate a most which, seeing land astern, flew to it, whence, Flok

whole country like an inundation, were now pent up within testing and valuable addition to the literature concluding that he was nearer to Shetland (perhaps

the mountain boundaries of the kingdom of Granada. The the historical productions of our country. rather Feroe) than any other land, kept on his course tinually advancing, and pressing this fierce people within

victorious armies of Ferdinand and Isabella were con. Sur present extract is a kind of avant courier to for some time, and then sent out another crow, which, narrower limits. Under these sovereigns, the various petty work itself, which is on the eve of publication ; seeing no land at all, returned to the vessel: at last, kingdoms of Spain began to feel and act as one nation, it is well calculated to excite that interest which having run the greatest part of his way, another crow and to rise to eminence ia arts as well as arms. Ferdinand ensure the success of the work.

I was sent out by him, which, seeing land a-head, flew'nad Isabella, it has been remarked, lived together not like

bella. the

atrons under whose

man and wife, whose estates are common, under the orders in acuteness of genius, and in grandeur of soul. Com- | fantasy, had determined to do something extravagan of the husband, but like iwo monarchs strictly allied. bining the active and resolute qualities of man with the render himself notorious. What to him were their so They had separate claims to sovereignty, in virtue of their softer charities of woman, she mingled in the warlike ings and dangers, when he was evidently content tos respective kingdoms; they had separate councils, and councils of her husband, engaged personally in his enter fice his own life for the chance of distinction ? Tol were often distant from each other in different parts of their prises, and, in some instances, surpassed him in the firm- tinue on, in such a mad expedition, was to become empire, each exercising the royal authority. Yet they ness and intrepidity of her measures ; while, being in. authors of their own destruction. What obligation de were so happily united by common views, common in spired with a truer idea of glory, she infused a more lofty them to persist? or when were the terms of their al terests, and a great deference for each other, that this and generous temper into his subtle and calculating policy. ment to be considered as fulfilled ? They had all double administration never prevented a unity of purpose It is in the civil history of their reign, however, that the sailed far beyond the limits that man had ventured and of action. All acts of sovereignty were executed in character of Isabella shines most illustrious. Her fostering fore; they had penetrated into remote seas untrase boih their names; all public writings were subscribed with and maternal care was continually directed to reform the by a sail. How much further were they to go in quel both their signatures; their likenesses were stamped laws, and heal the ills engendered by a long course of a mere imaginary land ? Were they to sail on until together on the public coin ; and the royal seal displayed internal wars. She loved her people, and, while diligently perished, or until all return became impossible? the united arms of Castile and Arragon, Ferdinand was seeking their good, she mitigated, as much as possible, on the other hand, would blame them, were they tal of the middle staturc, well proportioned, and hardy and the harsh measures of her husband, directed to the same sult their safety, and turn their course homeward W active from athletic exercise. His carriage was free, erect, end, but inflamed by a mistaken zeal. Thus, though it was yet too late? Would they not rather be extolle and majestic. He had a clear, serene forehead, which almost bigotted in her piety, and perhaps too much under their courage in having undertaken a similar enter arpeared more lofty from his head being partly bald. His the influence of her głostly advisers, still she was hostile and their hardihood in persisting in it so far? Ara eye-brows were large and parted, and, like his hair, of a to every measure calculated to advance religion at the complaints which the admiral might make of their bright chestnut ; his eyes were clear and animated; his expense of humanity. She strenuously opposed the ex. ing against his will, they would be without Feista complexion was somewhat ruddy, and scorched by the pulsion of the Jews, and the establishment of the Inqui. he was a foreigner, a man without friends or india toils of war; his mouth moderate, well formed, and sition.-though, unfortunately for Spain, her repugnance His schenies had been condemned by the learned, gracious in its expression; his teeth white, though small was slowly vanquished by her confessors. She was always and visionary, and had been discountenanced by and irregular; his voice sharp; his speech quick and fluent. an advocate for clemency to the Moors, although she was of all ranks. He had, therefore, no party on bis llis genius was clear and comprehensive; his judgment the soul of the war against Granada. She considered that but rather a large number whose pride of opinion | grave and certain. He was simple in dress and diet, equable war essential to protect the Christian faith, and to relieve be gratified by his failure. Such are some of the re in his temper, devout in his religion, and so indefatigable in her su'jects from fierce and formidable enemies. While ings by which these men prepared themselve for an busin ss, that it was said he seemed to repose himself by all her public thoughts and acts were princely and august, opposition to the prosecution of the voyage; and will working. He was a great observer and judge of men, and her private habits were simple, frugal, and unostentatious. consider the natural fire of the Spanish character, i unparalleled in the science of the Cabinet. Such is the pic. In the intervals of state business, she assembled round her tient of control, and the peculiar nature of these ture given of him by the Spanish historians of his time. It the ablest nien in literature and science, and directed ber composed in a great part of men sailing on compa has been added, however, that he had more of bigotry self by their counsels, in promoting letters and arts. we may easily imagine the constant danger there than religion ; that his ambition was craving rather than Throngh her patronage, Salamanca rose to that height open and desperate rebellion. Some there were 1 magnanimous; that he made war less like a palladin than wbich it assumed among the learned institutions of the not scruple at the most atrocious instigations. The a prince, less for glory than for mere dominion; and that age. She promoted the distribution of honours and re- posed, as a mode of silencing all after complains his policy was cold, selfish, and artful. He was called wards for the proinulgation of knowledge; she fostered the admiral, that, should he refuse to turn back, they the wise and prudent in Spain ; in Italy, the pious; in art of printing, recently invented, and encouraged the throw him into the sea, and give out, on their inte France and England, the ambitious and perfidious. establishment of presses in every part of the kingdoin ; Spain, that he had fallen overboard while contra While giving this picture, it may not be deemed imper- books were allmitted free of all duty; and more, we are the stars and the signs of the heavens with be tinent to sketch the fortunes of a monarch whose policy told, were printed in Spain, at that early period of the art, mical instruments-a report which no one would had such an effect upon the history of Columbus and the than in the present literary age. It is wonderful how either the inclination or the means to controvert. destinies of the New World. Success attended all his much the destinies of countries depend, at times, upon the bus was not ignorant of these mutinous intentias measures. Though a younger son, he had ascended the virtues of individuals, and how it is given to great spirits, he kept a serene and steady countenance, soothing throne of Arragon by inheritance ; Castile he obtained by by combining, exciting, and directing the latent powers of with gentle words, stimulating the pride or the inte marriage; Granada and Naples by conquest; and he a nation, to stamp it, as it were, with their own greatness others, and openly menacing the most refractory seized upon Navarre as appertaining to any one who could Such beings realize the idea of guardian angels, appointed signal punishment, should they do any thing to take possession of it, when Pope Julius II. excommuni. by Heaven to watch over the destinies of empires. Such the voyage.” cated its sovereigns, Juan and Catalina, and gave their bad been Prince Henry for the kingdom of Portugal; and After narrating the troubled incidents of another throne to the first occupant. He sent his forces into such was now for Spain the illustrious Isabella.”

of anxious and jealous suspense, the historian the Africa, and subjugated, or reduced to vassnlage, Tunis, The events of the day and night preceding Columbus's ihe long looked-for consunr mation of his bero's by and Tripoli, and Algiers, and most of the Barbary Powers. first sight of the new world, have heretofore kindicd the “On the morning of the 7th of October, at sa A new world was also given to him, without cost, by imagination of more than one great poet. The prose nar- several of the admiral's crew thought they beheld! the discoveries of Columbus ; for the expense of the rative of Irving will hereafter kindle the coldest spirit. the west, but so indistinctly that no one ventured enterprise was borne exclusively by his consort Isabella. “ The situation of Columbus was daily becoming more claim ir, lest he should be mistaken, and forfeit ald He had three objects at heart from the commencement of and more critical. In proportion as he approached the of the reward : the Nina, however, being a good his reign, which he pursued with bigotted and persecuting regions where he expected to find land, the impatience of pressed forward to ascertain the fact. In a little zeal-the conquest of the Moors, the expulsion of the his crews augmented. The favourable signs which had flag was hoisted at her mast-head, and a gun data Jews, and the establishment of the Inquisition in his increased his confidence were now derided by them as being the preconcerted signals for land. Neri dominions. He accomplished them all; and was rewarded delusive ; and there was danger of their rebelling, and awakened throughout the little squadron, and ever by Pope Innocent VIII. with the appellation of Most obliging him to turn back, when on the point of realising was turned to the west. As they advanced, howeve, Catholic Majestya tiile which his successors have tena, the object of all his labours. They beheld themselves cloud-built hopes faded away, and before evening ciously retained.

with dismay, still wafted onward, over the boundless wastes mised land had again melted into air. The crews "Contemporary writers have been enthusiastic in their of what appeared to them a mere watery desert, surround-sunk into a degree of dejection proportioned to their descriptions of Isabella, but time has sanctioned their ing the habitable world. What was to become of them, excitement, when new circumstances occurred to eulogies. She is one of the purest and most beautiful should their provision fail ? Their ships were too weak and them. Columbus having observed great flights of characters in the pages of history. She was well form d, defective even for the great voyage they had already made; | field-birds going towards the south-west, cooclude of the middle size, with great dignity and gracefulness of but if they were still to press forward, adding at every must be secure of some neighbouring land, whett deportment, and a mingled gravity and sweetness of moment to the immense expanse which already divided would find food and a resting place. He knew their demeanour. Her complexion was fair; her hair auburn, them from land, how should they ever be able to return, ance which the Portuguese voyagers attached to the inclining to red; her eyes were of a clear blue, with a having no port where they might victual and refit? In of birds, by following which they had discovered benign expression ; and there was a singular morienty in this way they fed each other's discontents, gathering to their islands. He had now come seven hundred and her countenance, gracing, as it did, a wonderful firmness gether in the retired parts of the ship, at first in litile knots leagues, the distance at which he had computed to of purpose and earnestness of spirit. Though strongly of two and three, which gradually increased and became the island of Cipango; as there was no appearabo attached to her husband, and studiouis of his fame, yet formidable, joining together and strengthening each other! he might have missed it through some mistake in she always maintained her distinct rights as an allied in mutinous opposition to the admiral. They exclaimed titude. He determined, therefore, on the evening, prince. She exceeded him in beauty, personal dignity, lagainst him as an ambitious desperado, who, in a mad 7th of October, to alter his course to the Feste

le direction in which the birds generally flew, and con- might deceive him, he called to Pedro Gutierrez, gentle which bathe these islands, give them a wonderful beauty, le that direction for at least two days. After all, it was man of the King's bed-chamber, and inquired whether and must have had their effect upon the susceptible feelgreat deviation from his main course, and would meet he saw a light in that direction; the latter replied in ings of Columbus. No sooner did he land, than he threw

Fishes of the Pinzons, as well as be inspiriting to his the affirmative. Columbus, yet doubtful whether it himself upon his knees, kissed the earth, and returned Bowers generally. For three days they stood in this di. might not be some delusion of the fancy, called Rodrigo thanks to God with tears of joy. His example was fol.

tion, and the further they went, the more frequent and Sanchez, of Segovia, and made the same inquiry. By the lowed by the rest, whose hearts indeed overflowed with scouraging were the signs of land. Flights of small time the latter had ascended the round-bouse, the light the same feelings of gratitude. Columbus then rising, Firds, of various colours, some of them such as sing in had disappeared. They saw it once or twice afterwards, in drew his sword, displayed the royal standard, and assem. he fields, came flying about the ships, and then continued sudden and passing gleams; as if it were a torch in the bling round him the two captains, with Rodrigo de Escowards the south-west, and others were heard also Aying bark of a fisherman, rising and sinking with the waves ; l bido, notary of the armainent, Rodrigo Sanchez, and the

in the night. played about the smooth or in the hand of some person on shore, borne up and rest who had landed, he took solemn possession in the B; and a heron, a pelican, and a duck, were seen, all down as he walked from house to house. So transient name of the Castilian sovereigns, giving the island the and in the same direction. The herbage which floated and uncertain were these gleams, that few attached any name of San Salvador. Having complied with the re. the ships was fresh and green, as if recently from land; importance to them: Columbus, however, considered them quisite forms and ceremonies, he now called upon all I the air, Columbus observes, was sweet and fragrant as certain sigrs of land, and, moreover, that the land was present to take the oath of obedience to him as Admiral April breezes in Seville. All these, however, were inhabited. They continued their course until two in the and Viceroy, representing the persons of the Sovereigos. urded by the crews as so many delusions beguiling morning, when a gun from the Pinta gave the joyful sig. The feelings of the crew now burst forth in the most non to destruction; and when, on the evening of the nal of land. It was first discovered by a mariner named extravagant transports. They had recently considered d day, they beheld the sun go down upon a shoreless Rodrigo de Triana ; but the reward was afterwards ad- tiemselves devoted men, hurrying forward to destruction ; Ion, they broke forth into clamorous turbulence. judged to the admiral, for having previously perceived the they now looked upon themselves as favourites of fortune, gesclaimed against this obstinacy in tempting fate light. The land was now clearly seen about two leagues and gave them sclves up to the most unbounded jny. antinuing on into a boundless sea. They insisted distant, whereupon they took in sail, and laid to, waiting They thronged around the admiral in their overflowing is turning homeward, and abandoning the voyage as impatiently for the dawn. The thoughts and feelings of zeal. Some embraced him, others kissed his hands. dess. Columbus endeavoured to pacify them by gen. Columbus, in this little space of time, must have been tu. Those who had been most mutinous and turbulent during cords, and promises of large rewards; but finding that multuous and intense. At length, in spite of every diffi. the voyage, were now most devoted and enthusiastic. only increased in clamour, he assumed a decided culty and danger, he had accomplished his object. The

decided culty and danger, he had accomplished his object. The Some begged favours of him, as of a man who had al. • He told them it was useless to murmur; the expe- great mystery of the ocean was revealed; his theory, which ready wealth and honours in his gift. Many abject spirits, a had been sent by the sovereigns to seek the Indies ; had been the scoff of sages, was triumphantly established; who had outraged him by their insolence, now crouched happen what might, he was determined to persevere, he had secured to himself a glory which must be as durable as it were at his feet, begging pardon for all the trouble

by the blessing of God, he should accomplish the as the world itself. It is difficult even for the imagination they had caused him, and offering for the future the prise. Columbus was now at open defiance with his to conceive the feelings of such a man, at the moment of blindest obedience to his commands. The natives of the

and his situation became desperate. Fortunately, so sublime a discovery. What a bewildering crowd of island, when, at the dawn of day, they had beheld the wer, the manifestations of neighbouring land were conjectures must have thronged upon his mind, as to the ships, with their sails set, hovering on their coast, had on the following day as no longer to admit a doubl. land which lay before him, covered with darkness! That supposed them some monsters which had issued from the te a quantity of fresh weeds, such as grow in rivers, it was fruitful, was evident from the vegetables which deep during the night. They had crowded to the beach, saw a green fish, of a kind which keeps about rocks ; floated from its shores. He thought, too, that he perceived and watched their movements with awful anxiety. Their

brancb of thorn with berries on it, and recently in the balmy air the fragrance of aromatic groves. The veering abou!, apparently without effort; the shifting and ated from the tree, floated by them; then they picked moving light which he had beheld had proved that it was furling of their sails, resembling huge wings, filled them reed, a small board, and, above all, a staff artificially the residence of man. But what were its inhabitants with astonishment. When they beheld their boats aped All gloom and mutiny now gave way to san. Were they like those of the other parts of the globe ? or proach the shore, and a number of strange beings clad in De expectation ; and, throughout the day, each one were they some strange and monstrous race, such as the glittering steel, or raiment of various colours, landing

eagerly on the watch, in hopes of being the first to imagination in those times was prone to give to all remote upon the beach, they fed in affright to their woods. over the long-sought-for land. In the evening, when, and unknown regions ? Had he come upon some wild Finding, however, that there was no attempt to pursue ading to invariable custom on board of the admiral's / island far in the Indian sea ? or was this the famed Cipango or molest them, they gradually recovered from their

the mariners had sung the salve regina, or vesper itself, the object of his golden fancies ? A thousand spe. terror, and approached the Spaniards with great awe; a to the Virgin, he made an impressive address to culations of this kind must have swarmed upon him, as, | frequently prostrating themselves on the earth, and making rew. He pointed out the goodness of God in thus with bis anxious crews, he waited for the night to pass | signs of adoration. During the ceremonies of taking posBeting them by such soft and favouring breezes across away; wondering whether the morning light would re- session, they remained gazing in timid admiration at the aquil ocean, cheering their hopes continually with veal a savage wilderness, or dawn upon spicy groves, and complexion, the beards, the shining armour, and splendid signs, increasing as their fears augmented, and thus glittering fanes, and gilded cities, and all the splendour dress of the Spaniards. The admiral particularly attracted ng and guiding them to a promised land. He now of oriental civilization. It was on the morning of Friday, their attention, from his commanding height, bis air of aded them of the orders he had given on leaving the 12th of October, 1492, that Columbus first beheld the authority, his dress of scarlet, and the deference which ries, that, after sailing westward seven hundred New World. When the day dawned, he saw before him was paid him by his companions; all which pointed him es, they should not make sail after midnight. Pre. a level and beautiful island, several leagues in exient, of out to be the commander. Wben they had still further appearances authorized such a precaution. He thought great freshness and verdure, and covered with trees like a recovered from their fears, they approached the Spaniards, abable they would make land that very night; he continual orchard. Though every thing appeared in the touched their beards, and examined their hands and faces, ed, therefore, a vigilant look-out to be kept from the wild luxuriance of untamed nature, yet the island was admiring their whiteness. Columbus, pleased with their istle, promising to whomsoever should make the dis- evidently populous, for the inhabitants were seen issuing simplicity, their gentleness, and the confidence they re. 1. a doublet of velvet, in addition to the pension to from the woods, and running from all parts to the shore, I posed in beings who must have appeared to them so strange hen by the sovereigns. The breeze had been fresh where they stood gazing at the ships. They were all per and formidable, suffered their scrutiny with perfect ac. kay, with more sea than usual, and they had made fectly naked; and, from their attitudes and gestures, ap- quiescence. The wondering savages were won by this progress. At sunset they had stood again to the peared to be lost in astonishment. Columbus made signal benignity ; they now supposed that the ships bad sailed and were ploughing the waves at a rapid rate, the for the ships to cast anchor, and the boats to be manned out of the crystal firmament which bounded their horizon,

keeping the lead, from her superior sailing. The and armed. He entered his own boat, richly attired in or that they had descended from above on their ample Test animation prevailed throughout the ships; not scarlet, and bearing the royal standard; whilst Martin wings, and that these marvellous beings were inhabitants he was closed that night. As the evening darkened, Alonzo Pinzon, and Vincent Janez his brother, put off of the skies."

bus took his station on the top of the castle, or in company in their boats, each bearing the banner of the on the high poop of his vessel. However he might enterprise emblazoned with a green cross, having on each |

Tide Table. a cheerful and confident countenance during the side the letters F. and I. the initials of the Castilian mo.

Morn. Even. Height

Days. it was to him a time of the most painful anxiety ; narchs Fernando and Isabella, surmounted by crowns. As

Festivals, &c. now, when he was wrapped from observation by the they approached the shores, they were refreshed by the

h, m.'h. m. ft. in Les of night, he maintained an intense and unre- sight of the ample forests which, in those climates, have Wednesday13 8 09 9 29 15 8

Tuesday ..12 7 50' 8 26 14 OjHilary Term ends. Sing watch, ranging his eye along the dusky horizon, extraordinary beauty of vegetation. They beheld fruits Thursday 11,2 57 10 2217 ? Valentine.

Friday ....1510 46 11 10 19 6 New Moon. search of the most vague indications of land. Sud. of tempting hue, but unknown kind, growing among the

u Browns among the Saturday..1611 33 11 56 20 8 ly, about ten o'clock, he thought he beheld a light trees which overhung the shores. The purity and suavity Sunday....17' O 1821 3 Quinquagesima Sunday,

Monday ..18 0 39 1 20 21 amering at a distance. Fearing that his eager hopes of the atmosphere, the crystal transparency of the seas Tuesday ..19 T 21 i 40 16 9 (shrove Tuesday,



6. There, dreaming, youthful doter, lie,

The earth a pillow for thy head,
Thy music be the night-wind's sigh,

The grave shall be thy bridal bed.'
“ This said, the traitor quickly flew,-

But, oh, farewell! faint beats my heart,
And on my brow the clammy dew,

The chilling damp of death doth start.
“ Yet think not that this is to me

Moment of agony,-in death,
The form my soul adores I see,

My love receives my latest breath."
He ceas'd-away his spirit sprung!

Lifeless was he, the brave, the proud ;
As if to mourn for one so young,

Again the pale moon sought her cloud.
Oh, mournful is the tale I tell!

And well the maiden's heart might break;
Upon her lover's corse she fell,

And bath'd with tears his ice-cold cheek. “ He's gone from me, the noble, brave,

Who ever dear in life hath been;
I liv'd for Albert, and his grave

Shall be the grave of Geraldine!”
Her white arms round his frame she twin'd,

Then for her love the maiden died,
And faithful, true in death reclin'd

Young Albert and his destin'd bride! Manchester.


Oh ! light, to hail thee, joyous Spring,

Light should the spirit be;
And, too, the lyre's resounding string,

All dedicate to thee;
Oh! it should aye in sweetness vie
With heaven's undying minstrelsy ;

And whatsoe'er devole to thee,

Should claim with mirth affinity.
Oh, Spring, enchanting, beauteous Spring !

Thy worshipper to be,
Time still should speed on gladsome wing,

From saddening changes free ;
And sweet were then the task to twine
A chaplet for thy brow divine;

And sweet to hail thy footsteps light

'Mong “ daisies pied,” and snow-drops white. Oh, Spring, life-giving, radiant Spring !

Expanding not to thee
Cold must the heart, a loveless thing,

Cold and insensate be ;
And ne'er, perchance, thy influence blest
Pell powerless yet on human breast;

But, ah, the difference how wide,
Or if to joy or grief allied !
Joy sees alone; ecstatic Spring,

Thy coronal of flowers,
Dreams but of zephyr's purple wing,

Of groves, and suplit bowers;
And wand'ring far with spirit free,
Attuned to blandest harmony;

Far as the horizon's ample bound

Acknowledges but hallowed ground ! While Sorrow, lowly bent, and wan,

Still hails thee through her tears,
And views thy glowing form again,

Again thy wood- note hcars,
With thoughts aye brooding on the dead,
With hearts whence every joy is fled ;
While Hope, from earth a wanderer driven,

Points to the tomb, and whispers-heaven!
Spring, lovely, and delightful Spring!

To cheer, restore, is thine;
But, ah! thou com'st on rayless wing,

And clouds obscure thy shrine,
To Sorrow's lone and aching breast,'
That pines within the grave to rest,
And sees but 'mid thy roseate bowers

The spectre of departed hours !

Yet still, though on his footsteps bent,

His thoughts were with his lovely maid.
How slow to Geraldine seem'd time !

And, musing in her lonely tow'r,
She thought the clock would never chime

The long-expected meeting-hour.
At length, upon her listening ear

Th’appointed signal sweetly rang :
To meet the youth, by far more dear

Than words had told, she lightly sprang.
The crimson sun had glided down,

And earth was wrapt in sable shroud;
The pale, chaste beanings of the moon
via Were shaded by an envious cloud.
Soon reach'd the maid the spreading tree;

No Albert !-much she wonder'd where
Her lover loitering could be :

She search'd the lower, nor was he there.
The wind came sighing through the trees ;

She look'd around, yet all was lone ;
But, borne on by the passing breeze,

She heard a low and feeble groan. Her bosom now with fear throbb'd fast,

And yet she thought her fears were vain ; It might be but the moaning blast

But, hark ! she hears the sound again. She call'd the courage to her heart,

(The guileless heart may claim its aid,) And from her clouds the moon did start,

As though to cheer the beauteous maid. She pray'd aloud to Him above,

Whose wonderous eyes' all-seeing pow'r Looks on the virtuous with love,

When gladness rules, in peril's hour. Her prayer was heard; and as she knelt

An humble supplicant to Him Who guards the innocent, she felt

More firm of heart, more strong of limb. She rose, and once more on the wind

There came a groaning low and faint ; And, rich in truth, she sought to find

From whence did come the sad complaint. With noiseless step she trac'd the sound,

And, lighted by the moonbeam's play,
She saw upon the dew-starr'd ground

A bloody form of manhood lay.
To view his face, she bent her head-

“Oh, God ! my Albert's form !” she cried ; Her voice recall'd his strength; he said,

“ My Geraldine, my destin'd bride!
Oh, Heaven! I thank thee! I have pray'd

That I with Geraldine might die,
And now am happy :- dearest maid,

Mine is a death of treachery : “As on I came, in joyous mood,

The glare of burnish'd arms reveal'd In the thick covert of the wood,

One who had wish'd to lay conceal'd. “ I heeded not, still pass'd along,

But as I onwards gaily prest,
Forth from his shade the ruffian sprung,

And plung'd a dagger in my breast. " I fell, and fix'd my eyes upon

My murderer's face, and his dark brow, A fiend-like joy was pictur'd on,

'Twas Rodolph struck the fatal blow ! " There, Geraldine, my rival stood,

His hands with living crimson dyed, His dagger reeking with my blood,

And thus exultingly he cried :

TO THE EDITOR. SIR,_The subjoined fragments were written by loved and lamented brother, who, after a few more residence at the University, at the early age of siri torn from the circle, of which he was both the delighted the ornament.

They are imperfect, being hastily written, 1.1 even transcribed ; excuse me, that I cannot prerut myself to alter even a word. Such as they are, they his. You will gratify me, if you will have the goo to insert them in the same number of the Kaleidoscy


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When Sorrow first on earth descended,

Despair and Darkness in her train ; Perchance her night had been unended,

And Charity had sooth'd in vain : But e'er the sun that saw her birth,

In darkness hid his clouded head, Hope, gentle Hope, had sprung to earth,

Close following on her rival's tread. The seaman's bark is on the wave,

The winds are high, the bark is frail; The billows vainly round him rave,

He heeds not of the passing gale. Though heaven is dark, there's still one glead

Of hope, that points him to his home; His way is lit by that lone beam,

It brightens on the dashing foam. When to his tempest-beaten rock

The Titan god was bound on high; The breaking waves his misery mock,

In concert dashing with his cry. Yet beat the winds on him in rain,

There is a hope within his breast ; Though fetter'd-sleepless-once again

He shall be free-he yet may rest.


" I'll meet thee, love, when sun has set,"

Said Albert to his Geraldine ; " When with night's dew the flowers are wet,

And in the sky the nioon is seen. " I'll meet thee by the ruin'd tow'r,

Beside the well-known spreading tree; Adieu, my sweet, thou know'st the hour,

Thy lover there will waiting be." Away the youthful Albert, went

O'er hill and vale and flowery glade ;

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Ithe Drama,” and “ Euphue's Golden Legacy.” From |

this latter work Shakspeare borrowed the plot of his exIquisitely beautiful play “ As you like it.” Lodge died in the year 1625.


Ask ye whence those sounds of weeping

Upon the floating echoes ride: Three hundred heroes now are sleeping,

By rugged Æta's mountain side. Many a Spartan maid and mother

Bewail their loss, bewail in vain : Brother weeps for the hero brother,

Who sleeps in death on that red plain. And Sparta's bravest, all are gone, The warrior king who led them on, Silent in death; and, all but one, Who lived the patriot tale to tell, Lie stretch'd, unyielding, where they fell.

I read the label underneath,

That telleth me whereto I must; I see the sentence, too, that saith,

“Remember, man, thou art but dust." But yet, alas ! how seldom I Do think, indeed, that I must die. Continually at my bed's head

A hearse doth hang, which doth me tell That I, ere morning, may be dead,

Though now I feel myself full well;
But yet, alas! for all this, I
Have little mind that I must die.
The gown which I am us'd to wear,

The knife wherewith I cut my meat,
And eke that old and ancient chair,

Which is my only usual seat; All these do tell me I must die, And yet my life amend not I. My ancestors are turn'd to clay,

And many of my mates are gone; My youngers daily drop away,

And can I think to 'scape alone ? No, no; I know that I must die, And yet my life amend not I. If none can 'scape Death's dread ful dart,

If rich and poor his berk obey; If strong, if wise, if all do smart,

Then I to 'scape shall have no way; Then grant me grace, O God, that I My life may mend, since I must die.



Like to the clear in highest sphere,

Where all imperious glory shines, Of self.same colour is her haire,

Whether unfolded or in twines : Her eyes are sapphire set in snow,

Refining heaven by every wink; The gods do fear, when as they glow,

And I do tremble when I think. Her cheeks are like the blushing cloud,

That beautifies Aurora's face; Or like the silver crimson shroud,

That Phæbus' smiling locks do grace. Her lips are like two budded roses,

Whom ranks of lilies neighbour nigh ; Which within bounds she still encloses,

Apt to entice a deity.
Her neck is like a stately tower,

Where Love himself in pleasure lies, To watch for glances, every hour,

From her divine and sacred eyes. With orient pearl, with ruby red,

With marble white, with azure blue, Her body every where is fed,

Yet soft in touch, and sweet in view. Nature herself her shape admires,

The gods are wounded in her sight; And Love forsakes his heavenly fires,

And at her eyes his brands do light.

Bat late he was Victory's chosen son,

And the nations own'd his sway ;
• But his sword is broken-his throne is gone,

And he is but a man, to-day.
They will tempt the proud eagle's fetter'd rage,

And slowly, deeply wound him;
And in vain will he spurn the lonely cage,

Where the victor's chain has bound him.
He remembers his range, so high so wide,

His drooping wing is faint and weak,
With the death-shaft quivering at his side,

That heart that would bend, must break.
There are none to sound his funeral knell

But the war of the mighty blast,
And the tread of the lonely sentinel

As he fearfully hurries past.

But the mariner, as his bounding bark SL Rides o'er the swelling wave,

Shall gaze with awe at the island dark

Which contains the warrior's grave.
And the living may mourn the mighty dead,

Or his enemy upbraid him,
Bat the hero sleeps in the narrow bed,
Where the foeman darkly laid him !



To you, ye fair, I would declare,
When I was born, and how, and where;
But my affairs are dark and cross,
So truly I am at a loss
My birth and parents to recal,
Or prove that I was born at all.
Sages, however, do agree,
I've been from all eternity :
And yet they likewise do insist,
There is a doubt if I exist;
My power is great, as you shall hear,
The brave I penetrate with fear;
E'en Bonaparte, that hero bold,
Confess'd I made his blood run cold,
And he, not choosing to dissemble,
Frankly own'd I made him tremble.
Your lover wishes I may teaze you,
But finds, alas! I often please you :
Your lovely eyes I fill with tears,
Set kings together by the ears,
And half the quarrels that you see,
In fact, are chiefly caused by me;
Such dangerous powers to me belong,
I make all honest men do wrong.
Ye Lancashire witches all so pretty,
Doubtless ye are both wise and witty,
Use your divining skill, exert your brains,

Unfold my name, and take me for your paing. Camden Town, Jan. 5, 1828.


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Like to Diana in her summer weed,
Girt with a crimson robe of brightest dye,

Is fair Samela.
As fair Aurora, in her morning grey
Deck'd with the ruddy lustre of her love,

Is fair Samela.
Like lovely Thetis, on a calmed day,
When, as her brightness Neptune's fancy moves,

Shines fair Samela.
Her tresses gold, her eyes like glassy streams,
Her brows bright arches, formed of ebony;

Thus fair Samela
Passeth fair Venus in her bravest hue,
And Juno, in the show of majesty,

For she is Samela; Pallas in wit ; all three, if you will view, For beauty, wit, and matchless dignity,

Yields fair Samela.



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THOMAS LODGE, M. D. fortunately, the date or place of birth of this cele& poet is unknown. Langbaine asserts that he re. 1 his education at Cambridge; but, by a reference to 1, he will be found to have been educated under the ed Dr. Hobye, at Trinity College, Oxford, where he ed, about 1573. During his residence at the Univerbe made himself very conspicuous by his satires. poems are remarkable for their classical elegance,

and beauty ; and, although not admitted into any pilation of English poetry, are deservedly worthy of B collected. Finding that the study of poetry would Vield him that emolument which he sought after, he d his attention to physic; and, after devoting consi. le time to that science, he went abroad for improve

and took the degree of M. D. at Avignon ; but, afis return to England, he was incorporated in the Uni. ty of Cambridge. He afterwards practised in London, became eminent as a professional man. He wrote two dies, " The Wounds of Civil War, 1594," and " A ting Glass for London and England, 1598." His I works are, “An Alarm against Usurers," “ Tre. us and Pristeria," “A Translation of Seneca's Mo. "" The Countess of Lincoln's Nursery," " A Trans. a of Josephus's Jewish Antiquities," " A Defence of

Before my face the picture hangs,

That daily should put me in wind,
Of those cold names and bitter pangs

That shortly I am like to find;
But yet, alas ! full little I
Do think hereon, that I must die.
I often look upon a face

Most ugly, grisly, bare, and thin;
I often view the hollow place

Where eyes and nose had sometime been; I see the bones across that lie, Yet little think that I must die.

Enormous Pie. -A correspondent informs us that "an enormous pie was made some time since in commemora. tion of the jubilee day of his late Majesty, by Mrs. Burton, who formerly kept the Red Lion Inn, Church-street, Manchester. The dish was of iron, and made at the foundry of Messrs. Peel, Williams, and Co., of the following dimensions: 3 feet 6 inches long, 32 inches wide, and 14 inches deep ; and filled with materials as follows:

240lb. potatoes,
60 beef and mutton,
52 flour,
17 suet and butter,
34 salt and pepper,

3 onions.

3751 To this add five gallons of water, 40lb., and two gallons of gravy, 161b., which will make 4314lb. nett, independent of the dish, which was 30lb. or more. Upwards of seventy gentlemen sat down and made a hearty dinner, and the remainder was given to the poor, with plenty of good beer, by Mrs. Burton.The dish may now be seen at the above


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