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recommends as suitable for keeping some important | cut up; our mizen.mast was shot away, and our main. / son for supposing Homer was ever upon the spot. It has risoner in safety and concealment, and adds, he had kept mast very much disabled, as well as most of our rigging. been described by modern travellers, to be a place where Bothell there in his utmost distresses, let the King and “During the whole action, the French and Russians they made sacrifices to Pan, or some other rural divivity. souncil say what they would.
fought with the greatest bravery; it was rather a strange In the island there are several Greek families who claim All these expressions seem to point at a plot not affecting thing, by the bye, to see the French and English tighting nobility as the descendants of the Genoese Justinians. Be King's life, but his personal liberty; and make it pro- together in the same cause. The English corvette, the There are about 200 Christian temples in the island, and able that
, when Alexander Ruthven had frightened the Rose, acted in the most gallant manner: one of the Turk- thirty religious houses for Christian men and women. The ing into silence and compliance, the brothers intended to ish fire-ships was cut adritt, and set fire to, and was drifc- superstition of the Greeks and Turks is a remarkable feacarry him through the gardens, and put him on board of ing down upon our Admiral and us, when she manned ture in the general association. Mahomet the Second bost
, and so convey him down the Frith of Tay, when her boats, and towed her off in the heat of the action, and granted the Sciots many privileges, which the Grand hey might, after making a private signal, which Logan placed her alongside of one of the Turkish frigates, which Seignior has never infringed. The Greeks, in every other ludes to, place their royal prisoner in security at Fast she soon set fire to, and blew up.
part of the Turkish empire, are reputed slaves. In Scio “ The day after the action, the Turks, finding most they have a magistrate, named the Consul, who adminis
of their ships destroyed, and the rest completely disabled, ters ju tice upon principles of liberty unknown to the BATTLE OF NAVARIN.
commenced setting fire to them; and to see them blow up Greeks in other parts. It is 19 leagues from Smyrna, and
was one of the grandest sights I ever witnessed. One line 84 from Constantinople, lon. 43 deg. 50 min. west, lat. 38 [From the Glasgow Courier.]
of-battle ship and seven frigates were thus destroyed." deg. 8 min. north. Extract of a letter received in Glasgow last week, by
Correspondence. from her son, dated his Majesty's ship Genoa, be harbour of Navarin, 24th Oct. 1827.1
The Abbé Dobrowsky has discovered, at Prague, a chro. Two or three days after I wrote last from Malta we nicle containing an account of the crusade of the year
FEMALE SERVANTS. ed to join the squadron off Navarin, where we cruised | 1190, by Ansbert, an Austrian monk, who had served on a the morning of the 20th ; cleared for action all the that occasion. It contains, among other things, an expla.
TO THE EDITOR. bat with very little expectation that we should be re nation of the manner in which °Richard Cæur-de. Lion i to fight. The English Admiral, who had the chief was detained in Austria : the author narrates facts relating towards vice, in the present
day, there is one great fault,
SIR,- In the feeling of abhorrence which seems to exist mand of the combined fleets, having waited long past to that hero, which were unknown, and are, consequently, that, while the crimes of the poor are severely canvassed
ime that the Turks were to have given him a decisive not to be found even in the great work of Rymer. ser with regard to their intentions, determined, after The Austrian chronicler relates, in a way entirely to the and commented upon, those of the rich are passed over, Talting with the French and Russian Admirals, to advantage of his master, the treachery by which Richard, or, compatively, but little noticed. From what principle
the Harbour of Navarin and demand an explanation, who was sufficiently guilty in other respects, became his this conduct may proceed I will not say; but the fact is
wind being favourable on the 20th, the combined victim. According to the chronicler, it was a special ma: most certainly true. While laws have been enacted, and sa (Commodore's ship) next; the Asia and we took land into the hands of the Duke, for the expiation of the societies formed, to suppress the disorders of the lower arincipal stations abreast of the Turkish line-of-battle crimes he had been guilty of towards the family of his classes, the higher and more wealthy criminals have been 13 the stations of the other ships, as well as our own, captor : Judicio Dei iactus in liquem ejus quem prius illa. suffered to proceed in their debaucheries without repreanot properly describe without a drawing
queare voluit. Richard, who had been stripped on the road, hension. At the same period when the legislature sets They allowed us to pass their batteries without firing was concealed with his travelling companions in a public down the vulgar boxer as a vagabond, the dispensers of ms; but we have learned since the action that they seized him, and delivered him up to his master: in viti the law combine to designate the equally criminal duelist keed to have sent their fire-ships adrift amongst us in hospitio per exploratures inventus et captus est ab ominibus as a GENTLEMAN, fit for the most refined society, and right, and to board us in the confusion with boats Ducis Austria.
bearing no stain upon his character. This, you will allow, 1 they had on shore, well manned and armed for the
Leopold delivered up, or rather sold, his prisoner, to is not as it should be. If blame must be attached to crime, ose; but most providentially their plans were frus- Henry, Emperor of Germany, by a treaty which the Aus.
1. While we were coming into harbour, one of the trian monk has given at full length, and which resembles let the blame, as well as the punishment, be equally dishawa came on board to our Admiral to inquire is a convention between the Chiefs of two savage hordes, who tributed. If the low drunkard be looked upon as a des
on for entering their port. The Admiral stated his have stopped travellers on the highway, for the purpose of picable character, let the wealthy and titled one bear an sons, and said that if they fired a single shot at him he selling them as slaves. The articles of this treaty bear, equal share of the odium ; and, in the case on which I take sild destroy their whole fleet. The Bashaw pledged that the Duke of Austria should receive one-half of the bancar that no insult would be offered to the flag; one hundred thousand mares, which Richard was to pay should be publicly exposed, let the same candour evince
up my pen, if candour require that the faults of a servant eved that, as soon as he reached the first battery, a ment, the Emperor should deliver to the Duke 200 host. itself, by condemning the often more crituinal neglect of al gua was fired from it, which we at first thought ages, as, on the other hand, Richard was to give 200 host- the master. siyoal to the Turkish Commander-in-Chief that a ages to the Emperor. The 50,000 marcs destined for the understanding had taken place between all parties, Duke of Austria, were to serve as a marriage portion to cases) perhaps justly stigmatized the “ negligent and un
Your reverend correspondent has severely, and (in some night; and it is my opinion that one of the Turkish proposed to bestow in marriage on one of his sons. Rich ruly behaviour of female servants.” Such copduct will, his mistaking the signal was the cause of saving us, ard was to furnish 50 gallies, manned and equipped, and and does, exist both in England and elsewhere ; nor would e had searcely dropped our anchor when one of the to lead this fleet himself to assist the Emperor in subduing 1, for a moment, endeavour to excuse it: at the same time sieh fire-ships, which was within pistol-shot of us, Sicily; he agreed to release the King of Cyprus and his I cannot avoid believing that much of the “ uneasiness"
fire to and cut adrift ; and her captain and people daughter: and when these conditions were fulfilled, he felt by families, on account of their servants, is mainly atin the act of making their escape ashore in their was also to obtain pardon from the Pope for the Duke of when the Dartmouth frigate commenced a fire of Austria--for what crime is not stated; but it was, no doubt, tributable to themselves, through the want of that care stry upon them, which they returned:-most of to take off the interdict incurred by Duke leopold, for his which it is their bounden duty to extend even to the lowest were killed, but their captain escaped on shore, and treacherous conduct towards a Prince engaged in the Holy class of their dependants. I ask, without fear of meeting is head immediately cut off for setting fire to the ship Wars. The fire-ship was now drifting towards us, and
Another curiosity contained in this chronicle is a letter a denial, whether there is not, in many families,” a total til explosion took place in her about midships, when from Philip le Bel, King of France, to his dear frien i the neglect of that moral instruction which can alone fit a sermeb Admiral immediately fired his whole broad. Duke of Austria, bugging him to keep Richard securely, vant for her station ? Whether, in nine families out of So her, and sunk her. I'was at this time on the and not to allow him any liberty.
ten, there is the slightest endeavour made to influence the standing beside our much-respected captain, Com.
mind of a servant by a conviction of her duty ? And where re Bathurst, who was mortally wounded in the action
ISLAND OF scio.
such endeavour is made, whether the instruction commu. ards, and died in about an hour after in the most sed manger; and I believe if ever there was a man Scio is one of the most beautiful and celebrated islands nicated is not often given in that harsh and authoritative
pure and unspotted character, and a true Christian, of the Archipelago. It is near the coast of Natolia; in manner, which tends rather to harden than to soften the
he. The action now became general ; our men and officers productions are oranges, citrons, vines, niastic, game, and heart ? ! go further, and inquire whether, in many of at with the greatest bravery, and the Turks fought all the necessaries of life. The principal trade is in silk, those families, where this neglect exists within, the servant devils; they would not strike to us; we sunk many The population is about 10,000 Turks, 30,000 Latians, who is not precluded from obtaining any means of instruction
Irships with their figs flying, and many were blown have a bishop, and 10.000 Greeks, who also have a bishop from without ? Now, it is not to be expected that an un. the heat of the action. Our ship was placed in a The plague in 1788 destroyed 14,000 persons. The foreign educated female, destitute of a sense of her daty, receiving ritical situation all the time, and we suffered more commerce is very considerable. They export manufactured y other ship in the squadron : we had a Turkish cottons, silk, velvet, gold and silver wave damasks, &c. to no information respecting it, and deprived of the means of -battle ship on our beam, another and a frigate on Asia, Egypt, and the states of Barbary. The Genoese acquiring such information, should either be able or willing arter, and two frigates on our stern, tiring into us were many years in possession of the island, but the Turks to attend to it. y direction ; but we had the satisfaction of blowing drove them out in 1595. The Venetians took it in 1694,
Your correspondent professes to be a Christian, and to them up, and completely disabling the remainder. but the Turks relook it in 1696. Scio is the capital. I have a supreme reverence for the word of God : on this he action commenced about half past three in the is a large beautiful city, with a fort and harbour. The con, and continued more than four hours and a Greek bishop is rich. The inhabitants believe that lomer ground, therefore, I join issue with him, and again ask ter with the utmost fury ; their batteries were likewise was born in this island. They have a place near the city whether it is not true that the Sabbath day is, in numerous ini upoo us in fine style, and we were terribly which they call the Schools of Homer, but there is no rea. families, a day of toil and increased labour to the servant,
BY THE CELEBRATED PORSON.
Extreme, Thermo- extreme, State of during meter 8 heatdu- tbe Wine
40 36 0 38 38 039
instead of what it ought to be,-a day of rest? Whether 35. Majorca, Minorca, and Arnerica.
1. When Benjamin Franklin was bathing, in the bu that day, on which she ought to listen to the instructions of 36. Jehoiakim (Joe I come.).
of the day, why did he resemble a seaport in Sumatra : Christianity, is not unnecessarily devoted to bustle and con- 37. If So he lived, and So he died,
Ans.--I can solve your conundrum without any schoolin
The reason is, simply, that he was BEX COOLI fusion ? I do not allude to the regular duties of the house,
Why then, whatever might betide,
(Bencoolen.) (which ought, certainly, to be attended to,) but to parties,
Where crosses vex,
2. Why is a person who dislikes blank verse or por and companies, and routs, which, in many families, form
And cares perplex,
like a philosophical instrument? the Sabbath day's employment. And when servant has
His name would still be-So.
Answer.-Because he is a foe to melre, (Photometer
. no Christian instruction in the week, and is prevented from
3. Why is a cobbler like a person who vends std 38. Idea. 39. Adieu
goods? receiving it on the Lord's day, can she ever either learn her 40. A cur oft guards a peasant's cot,
Answer.-Because shoes and boots are sold byhim why duty, or, from a right motive, practise it?
Of very few is happiness the lot ;
are not his own property. Laws may tie down a person to a certain line of conduct,
Curfew remains a form to-day
4. Why is a person who counts six at whist, a do Of Conqueror William's tyrant sway.
fellow? but they can never effect a moral change in the mind;
JEMIMA. and, without such a change, a man may be a hypocrite,
Answer.-Because he is half dozing, (half dozen.)
A very fair Pun.-On Christmas Day last, while but not a consistent servant of either God or man. Io.
NEW CONUNDRUMS, CHARADES, &c. gentlemen were engaged on a game of backgamme struction, communicated in a proper manner, and at pro.
member of a certain fashionable place of worship, per times, must come in as an auxiliary to law, and without
Great George-street, happening to pop in, appearede
CHARADE it, penal statutes are comparatively use less. I, therefore,
somewhat scandalized, “What!” says he, "gan entirely differ from the Reverend Gentleman in the dis. The charade No. 40, in the last Kaleidoscope, reminded on a Christmas Day?"_" No,” replied one of the
" we are not gambling; and if we were, it is covery he has made, that the “ badness of the law” is us that the learned Professor Porson once made a charade bad to gamble on Christmas Day as to go to Raffu the cause of negligent behaviour. If the law were made on the same word. It was, to the best of our recollection, as you do, every Sunday: more severe than at present, it might have the effect of My first, though your house, nay, your life, he defends,
* It may be as well to inform our country read throwing the servant into a more abject dependance upon
that Dr. Raffles is the preacher at the chapel alluded
You ungratefully use, like the wretch you despise ; the master, and thus prevent any thing like remon- My second, I speak it with grief, comprehends
METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. strance (or, if Mr. M. will call it so, insult) to the All the great and the good, and the learn'd and the wise :
[From the Liverpool Courier.) employer : but it could not, and would not, shield the of my whole I have little or nothing to say, latter from those secret and unseen faults which every ser. Except that it marks the decline of the day. 42. My first is something that we do every day,
Night. morning ring Day, at noon. vant has it in her power to commit. His reference to
My second is a part of the body,
46 0 S.S.E. Stormy. those servants who come from that part of the kingdom
N.W. Storms. 43. Mon premier est un animal domestique,
29 32 38 0 either better or more industrious than others? I can Mon second est un pronom indefinite, assure him, from experience, that they are not; and that Mon tout garnit les premiers pas du printemps.
42 0 29 72 33 0
37 0 JEMIMA.
Clouds, they stand in no higher estimation in Liverpool than
8 | 29 76 | 33 0 35 39 0 E. Clouds those from other parts of Great Britain.
44. If you to gents." Yes Ma'am," should say,
20,-Four, p.m. heavy rain.
3d,-Nine, a.m. hail and rain. I conclude, Sir, by expressing my opinion, that the My first appears : my second sips
5th,-Very stormy during night, with ball and rats want of proper care in the master is, in general, the Nectareous sweets from Anna's lips :
REMARKS FOR DECEMBER. cause of negligence in the servant; and that, where mild My whole is for destruction made,
Monthly mean of atmospherical pressure, 29.5); and Christian-like instruction is given, love and attention
Its best effects would strike you dead.
temperature, extreme during night, 41; eight, an Formby.
JANE. will generally follow. For the consideration of Mr. Mac
-noon, 48; extreme during day, 49.19; gener CONUNDRUMS.
46 ; prevailing winds, westerly ; highest tenuipes gowan, I will offer the following quotation, as a counter- 45. Why is a thing remarkable like a thing unpower. during month, 57; lowest 26. part to the extracts he has given :-“ Masters do the same ful?-J. things unto them, giving them what is just and equal, 46. Why does virtue resemble an ignorant person ?-J.
To Correspondents. forbearing threatening, knowing that your master also is 47. Why is a male swindler like a penny loaf?-J. in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him."
EXRATA.-In the Latin complimentary verses to Mr. Ces
48. By what compound word would you ask your mo. Edge-hill, 15th Dec. 1827.
published in the Mercury of the 4th, and in the Kaleis Yours, &c. J. S. D.
ther's husband to dance ?--J.
of the 8th instant, the following errors escaped our living ?--J.
to which we wish to draw the attention of our The Fireside. 50. Why is the acclamation of a man, when diverted,
renders:- In the first line, for cupiat, read capiet :like a heinous offence ?-J.
tenth line, for totam hanc, read totum hunc; in the " In order to employ one part of this life in serious and impor.
line, for erraverit, read lustraverit ;- and in the te tant occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mere amuse
Having been told that there were some very whimsical
line, for doceat, read referat. ments."-JOHN LOCKE.
conundrums in the last John Bull, we were induced to VARIETY.--We shall be glad to hear further from our “ There is a time to laugh and a time to weep."-SOLOMON. take a peep at it, not, however, without the fear of meeting
correspondent, whose clever verses appear in a with some very objectionable double entendre. To our surprise, however, we found about a couple of dozen conun.
page; and who need not hereafter tax himself with the No. VIII. drums, good, bad, and indifferent, without any admixture SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POETS—No. IX. of this ar
pense of postage, which we will cheerfully defray. VIVENT LES BAGATELLES.
of that indecency for which the John Bullis pre-eminently
is reserved for the next Kaleidoscope.
panied with a gratuitous supplement, and will com answer, and which are to be found in that collection of
great portion of interesting matter, both original TO THE EDITOR.
lected. Sır,-Being a small family of grown children, we have Kaleidoscope. We shali here select one or two from the
bagatelles which have appeared, from time to time, in the solutions to the two arithmetical questions, which on amused ourselves, during the last few weeks, with trying John Bull's list, which we never before met with.
in the last Kaleidoscope, have been received from C.4
and J. of Warrington. to guess the charades, conundrums, &c. contained in your What three letters spell Archipelago ?-(what this is I Laws of Waist. In the next Kaleidoscope, which will come entertaining miscellany. Finding, by your answers, that don't know; but this is the answer) E. G. and C.
a supplemental sheet, we intend to introduce the law we were generally correct in our guesses, we are embol.
What sea would one wish to be in on a rainy night?- the game of Whist, in verse. dened by success, and this week venture to send you A dry attic.
HUNT's Lifs or BYRON.-Our next number will contain Why is a libeller in a
copious selections from this work. scope; my two companions are rather dubious as to So," for lying in damp sheets !
Mr. Cohan's piece, called the New Year. nevertheless I am persuaded that my doggerel-rhymed an. Why are glass coaches so plentiful in London ?-Because The tribute to the Memory of the late Rev. J. Dunn, or pl swer will prove correct, I therefore send it you with the they are without number.
ton, shall be inserted in our next. rest; also iwo charades, which have at least the merit of Because he is always a thin king!
Why is a lean monarch constantly worrying himself ? — SONNET ON THE Birtu of the King of Rome. In this forum being original. If you should think them worthy of in.
which was published in our last, for the word court
Why is a boy doing his first sums like a serpent erect ? the ninth line, read coinage. sation in your Kaleidoscope, you will give pleasure to -Because he is an adder-up!
J. S. of Yarmouth shall hear from us.
After these sublimities of the John Bull it may appear #.W.Jis unappropriated verses shall be introduced into ą
bathos, we shalt venture to add twohar Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by E, SMIT my Bible. three conundrums never before published.
and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-street.
our answers to the amusing trifles in your lust
Kaleido. caugh a rheumatism at a bad inn 2-Because he suffers MolecionWe shall take an early opportunity of publák
G. H. Wi's lines to
- shall appear in our next number
his familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men an MAXXRES, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTs and SCIENCES, Wit and SATIRE, Fashions, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. form in 3 handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.
o. 393. - Vol. VIII.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1828.
PRICE 3 d.
subjoined entomological description, is of opinion that, insertion until dext week; in the meantime confining with proper care, it will undergo all the usual changes, ourselves to the intimation, that the facts we have to
until it becomes a splendid winged animal. We shall relate came within our immediate experience, and E INSECT FOUND IN THE CENTRE OF A not fail to make inquiries after its condition from time to are recorded in our manuscript journal, from which OLID BLOCK OF ZEBRA-WOOD, LATELY time, and shall issue an occasional bulletin on the subject. AWN UP IN LIVERPOOL.
we shall faithfully transcribe them. DESCRIPTION OF THE INSECT, IN A LETTER TO THE There is perhaps no subject less understood by
The Traveller. xiologists and naturalists, than the means by SIR,—The insect sent for inspection is the larva of some some animals are enabled to live for months, species of Prionus, Geoff. Fabr. Lamark; or CERAM
LETTERS OF A TRAVELLER. and even centuries, excluded from all ac- BYX, Linn. probably of Prionus CERVICORNIS, P.
The following is one of a promised series of to air or food.—That animals, especially such DAMICORNIS, or P. Longimanus. te furnished with lungs, should retain life when The general colour of the body is yellowish white, with original papers, written by a gentleman who has ided from the atmosphere, is one of those secrets a few light-coloured hairs thinly scattered over it. There seen much of the world, and its manners, which he ature with which philosophy will, in all proba- taining the jaws, which is considerably the largest : the for the Kaleidoscope.
are ten divisions, or rings, in the body, besides that con intends to make the subject of occasional sketches , never become acquainted. The phenome-caudal division is elongated, and, in form, a half oval: however, although it bafles limited human the ring next the head is subdivided on the sides into two MY DEAR FRIEND,—The language of lovers is insrehension, is too notorious, and too well esta- folds, or wrinkles. There are eighteen spiracula or stig. telligible only to those who love, or have loved ; and ed, to admit of a doubt. Toads, lizards, and mata, nine on each side, which have the form of oval per. in like manner, it is impossible for you, whose emi., cold blooded animals, have been very often met pendicular fissures, of a rust-brown colour.
grations extend little farther than from the parin the very centre of trees, and of solid blocks of The head is partly concealed within the largest division lour to the drawing-room, to understand the intensity and marble, under circumstances which baffle of the animal, but, when porrected, shows dark brown of feeling which engrosses the mind of a homewarditional conjectures to explain how they got jaws of great strength, dusky lips and palpi : the upper bound voyager. The sight of land, yes, land, even
or how long they may have remained in their lip small, nearly orbicular. ary prisons. The dorsal ridge is flattened, and marked on each ring of a sailor, which none but those who are, or have
though it be foreign, touches a cbord in the bosom requent as such discoveries have been in this and by a transverse, long-oval impression. The dorsal vessel been at sea, can comprehend. But when the wel1 countries, we had never seen any living crea
is conspicuous from the head to the caudal vessel. which had been found either in timber or stone, Palm Weevil, (Curculio Palmarun) are considered as know it to be our own, our native land, then your
The larvæ of P. Damicornis, as well as those of the come sound comes down from the mast-head, and we We were favoured with a sight of the insect we bout to describe, and which is accurately deli- great delicacies in some parts of the western world, and philosopher should come upon deck, and look upon
are, therefore, diligently sought for, and scooped out of human nature. The officer in charge of the ship d in the accompanying engravings.
their retreats in trees, as an epicurean morceau. Madame may, indeed, ask questions with reference to his Fig. 1.
Merian states that “these worms, when roasted on the duty, but the next moment, I warrant me, you'll see coals, are esteemed a highly delicious article of food." hịm like the rest, rubbing his hands as the thought
If kept in a warm room, and supplied with the same of home gathers about his heart, and then he will sort of wood in which it was found, it will, in all proba- look about to see if the vessel will bear another yard bility, undergo its various transformations, from larva into
or two of canvas. But it is after a long and tedious pupa, and afterwards into the perfect insect. If sawdust be put into the box, it should be occasionally changed, to voyage, when this anticipation (causing, at all times,
remove excrementitious matter from the food of the larva. an extraordinary excitement) has been prolonged and Fig. 2.
thwarted by accidents, that I would describe my
sensations to you. This insect, which was first noticed in the Liver. I had resided some time in India. My constitupool Mercury of the 14th of last month, was found by tion began to suffer from the climate-my mind be the workmen of Mr. Atkinson, cabinet-maker, about came home sick-I loathed my own lassitude-I four months ago, in sawing up a log of zebra-wood, loathed the contrast there was around me of arrowhich has been in Liverpool about two years. The gance and servility, and I sighed in secret for the log was about fourteen feet long, and four and a half hill and the dale, and the beautiful green sward of square, and the insect was found near the centre, my native country. I could not effect that sort of having eaten its way about seven or eight inches, naturalization of my affections which I find common forming an oblong cavity, which was little broader amongst my acquaintances in India, merely because than the body of the insect. It was perfectly alive, their interest seemed indigenous to the country;
and remains so still, although it appears somewhat neither could I, like them, find enjoyment in the 1 is an exact delineation of this insect, precisely the
more languid than at first, owing, probably, to occa- ease and the luxury which the servile humility of of life; and fig. 2 a front view of the head, with the &c. twice the diameter of the original.
sional exposure to our cold winter atmosphere. the natives, on the one hand, and the redundancy of e insect has been kept, and is still kept, in a small
The discovery of this insect in a solid block of nature, on the other, amply provide for emigrants to of hard wood, embedded in the shavings of the zebra- wood brings to our recollection some circumstances this part of the world. Delighted was I, therefore, ; and such is the force of its jaws, or mandibles, that connected with the phenomena of animal life, which, to see the 's anchor at her bows, the foretop* gnawed away a portion of the lid of the box. although they may not be altogether so extraordinary, sail sheeted home, and the trees on Sauger Island professional gentleman, who has favoured us with the are still worth recording. We shall reserve their fast dipping behind the wave. I took my last look
of them, and turned my “mind's eye” to the chalky
But matters were not quite so bad as I thought. "I have here only made a nosegay of culled flowers, and by I know not how many thousand miles of the blue
brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties then." sea. Beautiful did that sea look as I then gazed The breeze had freshened by degrees so much, that upon it from the deck of a homeward-bound ship, the officer of the watch first took in all his small
EXTRACTS with a fair breeze, and under a cloudless sky; it sails. About midnight it began to speak in a still
From Sir Walter Scott's Tales of a Grandfather. shone as a mirror reflecting the sun's splendour, and less amiable tone ; the topgallant-sails were glad to its gentle waves, breaking around me in low and cleave to the yard for security, and the topsails to “ hide their diminished heads" under a double reef.
ROBERT BRUCE. soothing murmurs, stole upon the senses like music. The little curly-headed waves, that wantoned play
“ But by this time Bruce was very much fatigued, I This is the garb and aspect it wears when it enchants the eye and the soul of the poet ; but the seaman is fully at the vessel's side the day before, were swollen yet they dared not sit down to take any rest ; for, when not so beguiled; he knows it has another face, a into size and strength; and their approach was ter- hound behind them. At length they came to se
through which ran a small river. Then Bruce said hideous one ; and whoever bas seen it thus, whoever rible—they sat crouching for a moment, then gave has seen it lift its proud crest of foam, and riot in terrific spring, and rolled onward, like some beast foster brother, Let us wade down this stream for ag
hound shall lose the scent; for, it we were once its unbridled strength, as I have, can never again of the forest disappointed of its prey, whilst, like way, instead of going straight across, and so this unita look upon it with delight.
that same prey, the trembling vessel seemed to in- him, should not be afraid of getting away from crease her speed at every escape from her pursuers.
Accordingly, the King and his attendant I was a passenger in a small ship bound to Liver.
At daylight on the third morning of the gale, an in the water, which could not retain any scent obere
a great way down the stream, taking care to keep the pool. The first part of the voyage was propitious, outward-bound ship was seen far down to leeward, had stopped. Then they came ashore on the furster that is, it passed without any accident to alarm, or dismasted, and with a signal of distress flying. “ Yon from the enemy, and went deep into the wood before any accident to enliven us. Day after day rolled fellow is in want of a biscuit, Mr. Roberts," said old stopped to rest themselves. In the mean while, the over like the waves themselves, in a round of dull James, the captain, to his chief mate; “ you may as went into the water—but there the dog began to be per monotony, relieved only by the reflection that every well keep her away a little, and let's see if we can -not knowing where to go next; for you are well a passing day shortened our pilgrimage ; that every chuck him one aboard." " " Ay, ay, Sir," was the that the running water could not retain the scent of all receding billow took off something from the wide ready repły; and to the satisfaction of every one on seeing the dog was at a fault, as it is called, that is space we had to travel over. I had been accustomed board, the vessel was put before the wind for the lost the track of that which he pursued, gave up the e to measure distance with the eye of a circumnavi- bumane purpose which the captain had conveyed in and returned to join with Ayoner de Valence. gator, and to make the “sca girt citadel” my home, his own way ;—but the purest of our pleasures have His foster-brother and he had rested themselves but never was my patience so tired as it was on this often the shortest life. The gale had moderated a woorts, but they had no food, and were become extes voyage.
little; but the sea, no longer beaten down and dis hungry. They walked on, however, in hopes of a We were somewhere about the latitude of the persed by its violence, accumulated and gathered they met with three men who looked like thieves and
to some habitation. At length, in the midst of the Western Islands; a relentless north-easter had been strength, in proportion as its superior power had fians: they were well armed, and one of them here in our teeth for ten days; the captain had spoken, relaxed. The man at the wheel was perhaps paying on his baek, which it seemed as if they had just or rather growled, on an average, three words a day, more attention to the vessel in distress than to his They saluted the King civilly; and be, teplying and unlucky was the wight who asked him a question charge--perhaps the heavy cross sea took him by answered, they were secking for Robert Bruce, about the wind, the progress of the ship, how far we surprise-I know not which it was; but the vessel tended to join with him. The King answered, had to go, (in the landsman's words) or any such broached to, and was laid on her beam-ends, the fore would go with him, he would conduct them like matter : “How the devil should I know would and mizen topmasts being carried away at the same spoken changed countenance, and Bruce, she be the answer, in a voice like that of a Greenland
If the man had neglected his duty, he sharply at him, began to suspect that the ruffian bear. A comfortable state of things this, you may was, at any rate, prompt enough in returning to it, who he was, and that he and his companions bader imagine. For myself, I took to my books, and read for the helm was hard-a-weather before the order had been off red for his life. for very desperation; or lo gambling with my fellow- could be given, and that saved us.
“ So he said to them, . My good friends, we 2 passengers, in wagers on the event of our rounding
The stranger was reluctantly left to bis fate; and well acquainted with each other; you must go belice the Rock before or after Christmas Day; or to making stern his fortitude must have been, that could turn and we will follow near to you.'—- You have no ont a bill of fare for our first day's dinner at the unchanged to a prospect so desolate, after a disap- do 1 suspect any,' said Bruce; but this is the Star and Garter; or (and that was my forlorn hope) pointment so bitter. He saw our intention, and he which I choose to travel.' to that most delightful of a sailor's occupations, accident which shat him out from, perhaps, the last velled till they came together to a waste and ruinsa
• The men did as he commanded, and thus they overhauling my chest. Any thing was better than of his hopes. When the wreck of our own vessel tage, where the men proposed to dress some parte looking over the ship's side, or in the captain's face. was cleared away, and matters made as snug as pos- sheep which their companion was carrying The At length it came-whether the sooner for the indus- sible to lay to for the night, I could not refrain from was glad to hear of food; but he insisted that there trious whistle of Dick Neville, the foretopman, I an ascent to the niaintop. He had drifted to leeward, ther at one end of the house, the other at the know not-but it came, as sweet a breeze at south- and I could only now and then catch a glimpse of for their three companions. The men did as bei west as ever blew. Never words fell so delightfully his signal as he rose on the edge of a wave. Towards They broiled a quarter of multon for themselves, as on mortal ears as the captain's on mine, " Square night the language of distress became audible by to eat it without brend or salt; but as they sere veig
another to the King and his attendant. They set the main yard; aft here to the starboard main brace." minute guns. I counted ten, fired in rapid succes- gry, they were glad to get food in any shape, and pa The men flew as thongh one heart and one impulsesion; no other was heard ; the world had, perhaps, of it very heartily. animated them all, and, in a few minutes, every sail closed on them for erer. I wish I could, by pen or notwithstanding the danger he was in, he could not
" Then so heavy a drowsiness fell on King Robert that could catch but a “cup full of wind” was pencil, convey to you the marked contrast there was desiting to sleep. But, first, he desired his foster-trata hoisted, and set. The ship herself seemed to bound in the manners and feelings of our cabin group on watch while lie slept, for be had great suspicion of the over the waters like a greyhound from the slip, as this night and on that I have before spoken of. acquaintances
. His foster, brother promised to keep all though she felt her release from thraldom; ber mo. Every heart then jocund and happy, every counte- been long asleep ere his foster brother fell into tion was little more than the gentle rocking of a nance then blithe and cheerful, was now under the slumber also, toi be bad undergene as much tata cradle, and the hissing of the waters in her wake was influence of unconquerable depression. The joke attendant asleep, they made signs to each other, and
the King. When the three villains saw the King an to me a sweeter lullaby than ever I heard from my was tried, but it met with no assimilating spirit, and up at once, drew their swords with the purpose to kidi nurse. I slept with a faney full fed of the “visions died heedlessly away; the gloominess of our pros both. But the King slept very lighily, and little za of to-morrow," and a woke, painfully sensible of the pects, but more especially the incident just passed, the ti aitors made in rising, lie was awakened by ** realities of to day. A heavy sea climbing the side overshadowed the delightful anticipations we had the saine noment he pushed his fester-broiber set of the vessel where I lay, with a growl like that of a been indulging, and created an unwillingness for foot, tu arake him, and he started up; but ere be hungry lion, aroused me. For a moment my heart the interchange of thought, each appearing afraid eyes dared to see what was about to happen, og sank, and involuntarily I murmured in sympathy that his own should be more tinged with melancholy with the stroke of his sword." The King was no*** with the ill-fated Falconer
than his neighbours.
L. one man against three, and in the greatest datger of
; but his amazing strength, and the good armour which or small ship, in which he escaped to England, having en- oppressor ? Who is there that admires Nero at the disware, freed him once more from this great danger, and tirely lost his fine army, and a great number of his bravest tance of two thousand years? Did not the · Tartuffe' in killed the three men one after another. He then left nobles.
a manner boot religious hypocricy out of i'rance ? and 1 cottage, very sorrowful for the death of his faithful The English never, before or afterwards, lost so was it not on this account constantly denounced by the er brother, and took his direction towards the place dreadful a battle as that of Bannockburn; nor did the clergy? What do those, who read the annals of the pre he had directed his men to assemble after their dis. Scols ever gain one of the same importance. Many of the Inquisition, think of that dread tribunal ? And wbat has sion. It was now near night, and the place of meeting best and bravest of the English nobility and gentry, as I softened its borrors but those annals being read? What ng a farm-house, he went boldly into it, where he found have said, lay dead on the field; a great many more were figure does the massacre of St. Bartholomew make in the mistress
, an old true-hearted Scotch woman, sitting made prisoners; and the whole of King Edward's im- eyes of posterity? But books anticipate and confirm the ne ['pon seeing a stranger enter, she asked him who mense army was dispersed or destroyed."
decision of the public, of individuals, and even of the I what he was. The King answered that he was a tra
actors in such scenes, to that lofty and irrevocable staner, who was journeying through the country.
dard; mould and fashion the heart and inmost thoughts ** All travellers,' answered the good-woman, are wel.
MR. HAZLITT'S NAPOLEON.
upon it, so that something manly, liberal, and generous, bere for the sake of one.'
grows out of the fever of passion and the palsy of base "And who is that one,' said the King, ‘for whose (From Mr. Buckingham's new Journal, entitled The Athenæum.) fear; and this is what is meant by the progress of modern you make all travellers welcome?'
civilization, and nodern philosophy. An individual, in It is our lawful King, Robert the Bruce,' answered
We are enabled to lay before our readers the following a barbarous age and country, ihrows another, who has mistress, who is the lawful lord of this country; although he is now pursued and hunted after with extract from Mr. Hazlitt's forthcoming “Life of Napo. a dungeon, where he pines for years, and then dies; and, ids and horns, I hope to live to see him King over all leon.”. This book is still unpublished; when it appears perhaps, only the mouldering bones of the victini, disand.""
we shall render a just account of it. In the meantime the covered long after, discloses bis fate; or, it known at the BANNOCKBURN. portion we present will show that it is likely to contain no time, the confessor gives absolution, and the few who are
let into the secret are intimidated from giving vent to their There was a Knight among the English, called Sir ordinary attraction. y de Bohun, who thought this would be a good op. " From the moment that the press opens the eyes of the act of violence be repeated afterwards in story, and there
feelings, and hardly dare di approve in silence. Let this unity to gain great fame to himself, and put an end to community beyond the actual sphere in which each moves, is not an individual in the whole nation, whose bosoni war
, by killing Robert Bruce. The King being poorly there is from that tiine inevitably forined the germ of a does not swell with pity, or whose blood does not curdle inted, and having no lance, Bohun galloped on bim body of opinion directly at variance with the selfish and within him, at the recital of this toul wrong. Why, then, enly and furiously, thinking, with his long spear and servile code that before reigned paramount, and approxi; should there be an individual in a nation privileged to ig strong horse, easily to bear him down to the ground. mating more and more to the manly and disinterested do what no other individual in the nation can be found to Robert saw him, and permitted him to come very standard of trutn and justice. Hitherto force, fraud, and approve? But he has the power, and will not part with then suddenly turned his pony a little to one side, fear, decided every question of individual right or general it in spite of public opinion. Then that public opinion at Sir Henry missed him with the lance.point, and reasoning ; the possessor of rank and influence, in answer must become active, and break the moulds of prescription
the act of being carried past him by the career of to any censure on, or objection to, his conduct, appealed in which his right, derived from his ancestors, is cast, and Ors : but as he passed, King Robert rose up in his to God and to his sword ;-now a new principle is brought this wiil be a revolution. Is that a state of things to reps, and struck Sir Henry on the head with his battle into play, which had never been so inuch as dreamt of, gret or bring back, the bare mention of which makes one terrible a blow, that it broke to pieces his iron and before which he must make good his pretensions, or shudder? But the form, the shadow of it only was left; at as if it had been a nut-shell, and hurled him from it will shatter his strong holds of pride and prejudice to then why keep up that form, or cling to a shadow of inAdle. He was dead before he reached the ground. atoms, as the pent-up air shatters whatever resists its ex: justice which is no less odious than contemptible, except gallant action was blamed by the Scottish leaders, pansive force. This power is public opinion, exercised it were to mock, or to betray? Let all the wrongs, public hought Bruce ought not to have exposed himself to upon men, things, and general principles, and to which and private, produced in France by arbitrary power and ich danger, when the safety of the whole army de- mere physical power must conform, or it will crumble it exclusive privileges, for a thousand
years, be collected in a d upon him. The King only kept looking at his to powder. Books only teach us to judge of truth and volume, and let this volume be read by all who have
which was injured by the blow, and said, • I have good in the abstract ; without a knowledge of things at a hearts to feel, or capacity to understand, and the strong, o my good battle-axe.
distance from us, we judge, like savages or animals, from stifling sense of oppression and kindling burst of indignahe next morning, being the 24th of June, at break of our senses and appetites only; but by the aid of books, tion that would follow, will be that impulse of public be baule began in terrible earnest
. The English, and of an intercourse with the world of ideas, we are opinion which led to the French revolution. Let all the 15 advanced, saw the Scots getting into line. The purified, raised, ennobled
from savages into intellectual and victims that have
perished under the mild, paternal sway as of luchaffray walked through their ranks bare. rational beings. Our impressions of what is near to us are of the ancient regime, in dungeons and in agony, without d. and exhorted them to fight for their freedom. false, of what is distant, feeble; but the last gaining a trial, without an accusation, without witnesses, be as5 kneeled down as he passed, and prayed to Heaven strength from being united in public opinion, and ex: sembled together, and their chains struck off, and the rietory. King Edward, who saw this, called out, pressed by the public voice, are like the congregated roar shout of jubilee and exultation they would make, or that kneel down-they are asking forgiveness.'— Yes,' of many waters, and quail the hearts of princes. Who nature would make at the sight, will be che shout that
celebrated English Baron, called Ingelram de but the tyrant does noi hate the tyrant? Who but the was heard when the Bastile fell! The dead pause that hraville, but they ask it from God, not from us- slave does not despise the slave ? The first of these ensued among the gods of the earth, the rankling malice, men will conquer or die upon the field.'
looks upon himself as a god, upon his vassal as a clod of the panic-fear, when they saw law and justice raised to The English King ordered his men to begin the bat. the earth, and forces him to be of the same opinion: the an equality with their sovereign will, and inankind no The archers then bent their bows, and began to shoot philosopher looks upon them both as men, and instructs longer doomed to be their sport, was that of fiends robbed ely together, that the arrows fell like fakes of snow the world to do so. While they had to settle their pre: of their prey: their struggles, their arts, their unyielding Christmas day. They killed .nany of the Scots, and tensions by themselves, and in the night of ignorance, it us at Falkirk and other places, have decided the is no wonder no good was done; while pride intoxicated when it is restored to them !"-Vol. 1, p. 88.
perseverance, and their final triumph, was that of fiends 'but Bruce, as I told you before, was prepared the one, and fear stupified the other. But let them be m. He had in readiness a body of men-at-arms brought out of that dark cave of despotism and supernounted, who rode at full gallop among the archers; stition, and let a thousand other persons, who have no
METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. I they had no weapons, syve their bows and arrows, interest but that of truth and justice, be called on to de. they could not use when they were attacked handler nine between them, and the plea of the lordly oppressor nd, they were cut down in great numbers by the to make a beast of burden of his fellow-man becomes as
[From the Liverpool Courier.] sh borsemen, and thrown into total confusion. ridiculous as it is odious. All that the light of philosophy, the fine English cavalry then advanced to support the glow of patriotism ; all that the brain wasted in mid.
Night. moruing crag Day, at noon. sichers, and to attack the Scottish line. But coming night study, the blood poured out upon the scaffold or in the ground, which was dug full of pits, the horses fell the field of battle, can do, or have done, is to take this Jan.
Fair. these holes, and the riders lay tumbling about withcu questior, in all cases, from before the first gross, blind, and Deans of defence, and unable to rise from the weight iniquitous tribunal, where power insults over weakness, air armour. The Englishmen began to fall into ge- and place it before the last more just, disinterested, and,
S.E. Cloudy. disorder ; and the Scottish King, bringing up more in the end, more formidable one, where each individual
0 N.N.E. Cloudy.
Cloudy. forces, attacked and pressed them still more closely. is tried by his peers, and according to rules and principles
0 E.S.E. Cloudy. On a sudden, an event happened which decided the which have received the common examination, and the 3. The servants and attendants on the Scottish camp common consent. A public sense is thus formed, free as I told you, been sent bebind the army to a place from slavish awe, and the traditional assumption of in
15th, Eleven, a.m. slight fall of snow. the Gillies-hiil. But now, when they saw that their solent superiority, wbich, the more it is exercised, becomes Ets were likely to gain the day, they rushed from their the more enlightened and enlarged, and more and more sof concealment with such weapons as they could get, requires equal rights and equal laws. This new sense
Tide Table. hey might have their share in the victory and in the acquired by the people, this new organ of opinion and
Tbe English, seeing them come suddenly over the feeling, is like bringing a battering-train to bear upon Days. Morn. Even Height festivais, &c. mistook the disorderly rabble for a new arıny coming some old Gothic castle, long the den of rapine and crime;
h.m.'h. m. ft. in sustain the Scots, and losing all heart, began to shift and it must finally prevail against all absurd and antiquated
Tuesday ..22 2 31 2 54 17 10 Vincent. man for himself. Edward himself left the field as institutions, unless it is violently suppressed, and this Wednesday 23 3 17 3 44 15 11 Mary Term begins. is he could ride, and was closely pursued by Douglas engine of political reform tumed, by bribery and terror, Thursday 24 4 9 4 37 14 1 a party of horse, who followed him as far as Dunbar, against itself. Who, in reading history, where the Friday ....25 5
6 Conversion of St. Paul.
| Duke of Sussex born. ke the English had still a friend in the Governor, Pa: characters are laid open, and the circumstances fairly Saturday..26 6 20 7 011
8 3d Sunday after Epiphany. ** Earl of March. The Earl received Edward in his stated, and where he himself has no false bias to mislead Sunday....27' ? 38 8 1111 m condition, and furnished him with a fishing-skiff, I him, does not take part with the oppressed against the Tuesday ..29. 9 36 9 58 13 3 K. George IV.'s Acc. 1820.
Extreme, IbermulExtreme State of
38 33 30 41
32 23 23 28 35 35 34
0 34 0
10th, Three, p.m. snow.
8 5 42 12