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Men and Manners.

snatches of his favourite sea-songs, with his Nan by and a large Union Jack flag was thrown over it, is

his side; it was his foible; but which of us is free stead of a pall.
from all failures ?

Curiosity induced me to inquire who was the ri
I have strayed thus far from the original object tim to the fell destroyer, Death, when I learned th
No. III.

I had in view, merely to give some idea of poor Davy's particulars I have just related. That he was a fathe THE SAILOR'S FUNERAL.

family; for, despite of all his little failings, he was and a good one, I might know from the weepit

beloved by them, as a good husband and a kind, in wife and three children, who followed in the melal it Cally we go o'er the salt blue seas,

dustrious father. And the wave breaks white before us;

choly train. The churchyard lay a short distan The crowded canvas bends to the breeze,

As I before said, he and his companions went out off, near the town of B . It is situated on d And light Alies the pennant o'er us."

to the bay on as fine a morning as could well be ex- sea side, and the frail relics of mortality, which tinh

Marmer's Song pected at the season of “ cold and chill November," and decay may have brought to the surface of With a blithsome and merry heart did Dayy Wil. with light hearts, and expectations buoyant with earth, are often borne away, when spring-tides all liams and his three companions loose the moorings

success; but are not our brightest prospects too often, storms are abroad. Here a grave was prepared of their small fishing smack on the morning of the

morning of the alas! clouded and dimmed, and that, too, when we the remains of poor Williams, and thither 1 accal twenty-second of last November, to go and fathom

and fathom least expect it?
east expect it? It was even so with Davy and his panied them. His body

It was even so with Davy and his panied them. His body was consigned to the gre Ocean's depths for their own and their poor families' associates, for they had not been long at their labours, amid the shrieks and sighs of his relations, ad

part breeze from the westward cave when, on a sudden, a gust of wind arose, the sky re echoed in the calmness of the evening air, se them cheering hopes of a "good day:" the sun, be

fans wood days the sun. became obscured, and a most violent storm of rain the silent tears of many of his associates. The ti although low in the horizon, dispensed its beneficent and h

nensed to beneficent and hail succeeded; the aspect of “old rügged was well suited for such a melancholy scene, for rays, and gave the otherwise dreary coast some looks

ocean” soon assumed a terrific appearance; wave was under the “serene and holy smile of the 8 of comfort : the dew-drops sparkled upon the brown mounted on wave, and their roar made the very bath evening. I remained to muse upon the who

and the side of a neighbouring rocks echo, Our fishermen, of course, quickly pre tragic affair-silence was afloat, and there was Bill from whence that most lasting of all minerals pared to tack about for their home: a chaotic dark- thing to disturb my meditations ; for compact granite, is daily being taken away, for the ness covered the whole face of the deep, and the * In hallowed quiet, human stir was hushed,

'Twould almost seem that the external world use of some extensive public works in its vicinity, tumult of the waves increased. Being well ac

Felt God's command, and that the sea waves curt's sbone like molten gold in the sun's reflection, quainted with the line of coast, they had but little

More blandly, making music as they rushed." Davy, always the first to display that care had no difficulty, even amid the raging of the elements, to Dublin, December, 1827.

I. G. hiding place in his heart, lilted one of his favourite make land, for the wind had veered directly about,

FIELD SPORTS FOR JANUARY. sea-songs, (for he had been a man-of-war's-man,) and their orison of thanks was silently offe: while he adjusted the sails and tackling, making for the intervention of Providence in rescuing

ing for the intervention of Providence in rescuing them. The pursuit of the grouse, a hardy and manly recall signal preparation to wage deadly war against from the a' gry commotion of the boistero

an acainst from the a' gry commotion of the boisterous seas. tion, has already ceased, December breezes moening wbiting, codling, herring, or any other of the finny When the boat neared a headland, formed by the requiem: but partridge shooting may, and will, bet

followed; yet, excepting in situations where they intrusion of a craggy rock, on which they had hoped Witherto tribe, which might, unwarily, take the “ specious

aa nopea hitherto been but little disturbed, the birds sil bait." There is a small wretched-looking cabin con to cast their anchor, (for the water all around the generally speaking, admit of the near approach tiguous to the shore, and sheltered by an immense place was several fathoms deep, and the waves spent fowler. Pheasants in extensive preserves will fala stone of several tons weight, which, in some revolu. their fury ir foaming and bellowing against the iut. I ployment for volley upon volley of battu artillery; hand

Jul in the better good old-fashioned style of shooting, site native ting sides of the shore,) Williams, always prompt in mean in the hedge rows, and a field, with a stron bed, and had rolted on until it received the com danger, stood up in the bark, with the flakes of the pointer, a clever setter, or a faithful retriever, as a mand Thus far shalt thou go, and no farther: anchor ready in his hand to cast from him, when he out the execution will be done. . This was was

-the other, or new.l'angled system, is, massacrel lo but

ichbourhood conceived he was near enough to accomplish his probability, good wild fowl shooting will be to be had a do not fail to attribute it to the force of some giant purpo

ihote it to the force of some giant purpose. The moment came, he exerted his power- | latter end of the month, the birds being sougbt for of olden times, and the traces of his fingers and thumb ful strength, and effected his aim; but, in the effort. cipaily in the neighbourhood of fens and marshes.

"geon Teal, and other ramifications of the wild duck are shown upon its weather-beaten, moss-grown sides, he lost his balance, and felt overboard, never more to will follow hard upon the

the arrival of the first FISIO

amous was not to be looked Woodcocks have shown a fair average as to nutribes foof seems scarcely sufficient to keep off the rain. for, night having covered all around in the gloom of year, and there are yet enough, and to spare, for the

tification of the shooter's hopes, or the epicure's feast-10 drops, and whose misshapen windows, the frames of darkness, and the storm still raging without any To hare hunting and cours

To hare hunting and coursing we consider January which are stuffed with an old bat, a wisp of straw, abatement.

peculiarly kind; the hares, especially if a week's and other such ready substitutes for that more costly They were compelled, in their own defence, to se

should occur to brace up their sinews, generally muun

more stout, and standing longer before the hartie Inxury, glass, serve not to allow the broad light of cure their little boat, their only means of support, and

even greyhound, than at any other period of the sco heaven to shine in. but for the breeze to whistle Ay from the “pelting of the pitiless storm,” sorrow. The pursuit of the stag is also in its " newest gloss." through the chinks, and ventilate the soot-coloured ful, indeed, and the heralds of heart-rending intel-1 hunting, the most famous, as it is the finest field

the world, now wears its highest feather. Even apartments,-lived the wife of Davy, and three fine ligence to the cabin of their friend, where the wife

rife of Davy, and three fine ligence to the cabin of their friend, where the wife the scarlet is mounted ; the cry of hounds in every ruddy children in their faces were tlie roses of un- of Davy, with her children around her, were offering | heard; whilst the melody of the merry-toned hort tainted health, and their sturdy, brawny forins were up the cows and prayers of innocence and affection over 'hill and valley, covert and plain.'

sil For Anglers, this may also be termed a blank ma well suited to the fatigues imposed on them. In to the great God “ whó giveth and taketh away.” |

Roach, chub, and pike, may, certainly, be taken the summer season, they assisted their father in all 'Here was a scene which neither pen nor pencil could then, it is so rare an occurrence to find a favourabk. the purposes of his occupation, and, during the in- portray-the intenseness of grief felt: the wife who and unfouled water, at this season of the year, that

Ilabour is frequently greater than the profit-the guy clement season of winter, were used to carry the pro. has lost a good husband, the children who have lost

I pointment far beyond the pleasure of the fistieron duce of their father's nets to the neighbouring town, a dear parent-(but his were not sensible of their exertions. for sale. Their condition, however, was far better loss) can alone form an idea of it. This melan- = than the general class of our labouring peasantry, choly catastrophe I merely relate as a prelude to the

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. and their cabin bore evident marks of that:-maiden scene I saw. His body was discovered next morn

(Prom the Liverpool Courier.) ray, ling, cod, and other fish, salted and dried, hung ing drifting a short distance from where he' n

Barometer | Extremel Thernou- Bxtreme State of up all round the ample chimney corner; and, though fate, and brought to that home of which he had so the exterior was so forbidding in its aspect, yet, in: long been the only support.

Dec. 1 ternally, the hungry traveller would stand a good Round the brow of a hill, in the neighbourhood of 26 | 30

S.W. Fair. chance of not being long without some relief. Davy, his cabin, I was walking, solitarily, when I met a

N.W, Clouds.

S.E. Fair. like most men of the sea, loved his can of grog as funeral procession winding slowly on. It was the

5. Fair.

S. Fur well as another, and never felt himself truly happy more remarkable as it was principally composed of.

S.E. Rain. but when he charmed his boon companions with scafaring men ; the coffin was borne by four sailors, lani leo

N.E. [ Rata.


during meter 8 hentdube Wind
Night. morning ring Day at poon.


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Fine Arts.

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Por. Piguro %, see page 225.

When wo consider the precision with which we com. poply judge whether the eyes of another person are fixed poa ourselves, and the immediateness of our perception, at even a mouentary glance is turned upon us, it is very rprising that the grounds of so accurate a judgment are

distinctly known. Though it may not be possible to noastrate what these are by experiments on the eyes of ng persons, we may fiod convincing arguinents to prove i indyence, if it can be shown in the case of portraits,

the same ready decision which we pronounce on the ection of the eyes, is founded, in a great measure, on the

of parts which, as far as I can learn, have not been sidered as assisting our judgment. One might imagine that the circular form of the iris o be a sufficient criterion of the direction in which an Filooking, since, when the human eye is looking at us, part is always circular, but cannot appear strictly so

Larged in sueb a manner that we view it with any ree of obliquity. But we cannot judge of exact circu. v with sufficient precision for this purpose, even when I whole circle is fully seen ; and in many cases we see wall a portion of the circunference of be iris to dis.

aish whicther it is circular or elliptic. In a portrait, Is the iris be drawn truly circular, and consequently the face is pointed downwards, the eyes looking at us | of objects, even in the most oblique direction in which the Isso in a direct view, still, in oblique positions, it must be turned upwards from the position of the face to

| must be turned upwards from the position of the face to representation can be viewed, are still in the same yertical be seen as an ellipse; and the eyes continue to louk which they belong. And if to eyes, so drawn, an upward plane, and, consequently, will seem still to be in a ling espectator, though he views tbem very obliquely, cast of features be substituted for the former, the eyes with us, exactly as in the front vicw'; seeming, as we move, sees then of a form most decidedly elliptic. seem immediately to look above us.

to turn round with us, froni their first direction, toward Lige examine tbe eyes of a person opposite to us, we When the turn of a pair of eyes partakes of both incli. any oblique position that we may choose to assume. Lehe most perceptible variation in the appearance of his nations, so as to be in a direction laterally upwards, the

so as to be in a direction laterally upwards, the In portraits, the phenomena of direction with reference in consequence of their lateral motion, is an increase alteration produced by changing the position of the face,

on produced by changing the position of the face, decrease of the white parts at the angles of each eye. | affords the most striking exemplification of the force of position in space when he moves to either side, depend

to the spectator, and correspooding change of apparent he central position the two portions are nearly equal. this principle. as may be seen in tigs. 1 and 2.

precisely on the same principles. is ve decide that a person is looking neither right.

A nose drawn directly But the effect thus producible is by no means limited to | in front, with its central line upright, continues directed left, bet straight forward, in the direction of his nose.

sethe mere extent of deviation, as a total difference of cha- | to the spectator, although viewed obliquely: or, if the be tura his eyes to one side, we are made sensible of

racter may be given to the same eyes by due representation right side of the nose is represented, it must appear directed Tashange by a dininution of the white of the eye, by 1.

of the other features. A lost look of devout abstraction, to the right of the spectator in all situations; and eyes that Lich sloae se are able to estimate in what degree they

mey in an uplifted countenance, may be exchanged for an ap- turn in a due degree from that direction toward the spec. inde in direction from the face to which they belong.

pearance of inquisitive archness, in the leer of a younger tator, so as to look at him when viewed in front, will con. Bet their direction, with reference to ourselves, is per- face, turned downwards, and obliquely toward the opposite tinue to do so when viewed obliquely. Du distinct from this. In judging of which, even in side. The under eye-lid, which, in the former position, In any extended drawing, the lines of direction admit of Ietes, ce are not guided by the eyes alone, but are conceals a porţion of the ball of the eye, from an effect being clearly marked in the relative position of objects

be the position of the entire face. In a portrait this apparently of mere perspective, will, in the latter, seem | at different distances; but in portraits, the circumstances borsed by experiment. If a pair of eyes be drawn raised with effort, and thus give the appearance of a smile are less distinct,, for want of some visible mark indicating rectly looking at the spectator, unless some touch be to the same eyes, if supported by corresponding expres- | the direction of the eyes. But if any object be represented

sug rest the turn of the face, the direction of the sion of the rest of the countenance. These instances suf- | in front of the picture, so that the centre of one of the egos sague, and their direetion will not appear theficiently show, that the apparent direction of the eyes, to eyes may appear to be exactly over it, we have then a

to al persons. To the same person they may be or from, the spectator, depends upon the balance of two cir- | marked line of direction, which, by its permanently ver. le appear directed either to him or from hin, by the cumstances combined in the same representation, namely, | tical position, renders the relation of the appearances, in a

of oxber features strongly marking that essential ist, The general position of the face presented to the portrait, to the corresponding phenomena in extended nastance, the position of the face.

spectator; and, 2d, The turn of the eyes from that posi- views, completc. Me perspeetive form which correctly represents a certain cion. of eyes in one position of the face, cannot be an exact

With this previous knowledge of the influepce which sentation of the same eyes in another ; but in cases of Law o the general perspective of the face in a portrait has upon

LIST OF NEW PATENTS. light obliquity as is usually given to the eyes in a

the apparent direction of the eyes, we shall be prepared to it, intended to look at the spectater, the variazion ' examine why, if they look at the spectator when he stands

To R. Wheeler, of High Wycomb, for improvements on form of the lide from obliquity is less than the diffe. 1; in front of the picture, they follow, and appear to look

ole refrigerators for cooling fluids.-Dated the 22d of Nova bservable in the eyes of different persons. Hence, at him in every other direction.

1827.-6 months allowed to enrol specification. of eyes.drawn looking at us, best adnit of being |

To W.J. Dowding, of Poulshot, Wiltshire, for imfroin their intended direction by a new position on sition with reference to any other perspective drawing, we ing.engine.-22d of November. - 9 months. If we consider the effect produced by our change of po.

provements in machinery for rollering wool from the card. other features of the face. The converse of this may also be shown. Eyes drawn. I tiad a similar perinanence of apparent position of the ob. 1 Ljects represented with respect to our elves, and correspond. Upton. of Queen-street, Cheapside, for improvements on

To J. Roberts, of Wood-street, Cheapside, and G. inally, looking a little to one side, may be made to rects Cat us by applying other features in a suitable position. / ing change of direction with reference to the plane of re. La

Argand and other lamps.-24h of Nov.-6 months. although a change of 20 or 30 degrees may be effected, presentation, or to the room in which it hangs; and we

which it hangs; and we To J. A. Fulton, of Lawrence Pountney-lane, Cannon.

mot shall be able, in this case, distinctly to trace its origin in-street, London, for a process of preparing or bleaching Arn of go degrees cannot be produced. If an attempts

the simplest principles of perspective drawing. de to carry the experiment beyond reasonable limits,

pepper.-26th of November.-6 months. Lat the perspective form of the eyes is glaringly ill When two objects are seen on the ground at different dis. 1 To J. Apsey, of John street, Waterloo-road, Lambeth, ed to the rest of the face, the effect is impaired, but tances from us in the same direction, one will appear, and tor an improvement in machinery to be used as a substi.

tovether løst. Some persons, much accustomed to must be represented, exactly above the other. The line tute for the crank.-27th of November.- 2 months. sing the human eye, who are in the habit of attending joining them is an upright line on the plane of the picture, 1 To J. Jenour, jun. of Brighton-street, Pancras, for his Intel, to the shape of the lids, may not feel the full and represents a vertical plane passing through the eye cartridge or case, and method of more advantageously in

perceived by others; but still the change of direc. and these objects, When objects that are at different closing therein shot or other missiles for loadhog fire aims.

that is admitted by the generality of those who have elevations are said to be in a line with us, the strict mean. 28th of November.-6 months. Bing to warp their judgment, shows how little influ- ing is, that they are so placed that a vertical plane from To T. Bonnor, of Monkwearmouth Shore, Durham, e the eyelids really bave in giving apparent direction the eye would pass through them. Now, since the upright merchant, for improvements on safety.lamps.m4h of Coinparison with the more prominent features. {line (drawn, or supposed to be drawn, on the plane of the December,-6 months. The same principles which apply to the lateral turn of picture, and representing a vertical plane) will be seen up. To W. Fawcett, of Liverpool, and M. Clarke, of Ja

eyes and face, apply also to instances of moderate in right, however far we move to one side, and will continue maica, for improved apparatus for the better manufacture bation of the face upwards or downwards. For, when to represent a vertical plane, it follows that the same set of sugar from. tbe tanes. 4th of December.6 months.


Insect in Solid Wood.-We, some time ago, informed | 365 is cubed in the following very easy wayiour readers, that the workmen of Mr. Atkinson, cabinet

maker, in Liverpool, in sawing up a log of hard zebra.

ood, had discovered. in the centre, a large grub or in.

12775 In Paris, on New Year's Day, which is called le Jour sect, which we imperfectly described. The insect is still

133255 living, and the phenomenon is, in our opinion, so interestd'Etrennes, parents bestow portions on their children, ing, that we are preparing an exact engraving of it, which

666125 brothers on their sisters, and husbands make presents to we shall soon present to our readers, with a more minute

466.675 their wives. Carriages may be seen rolling through the description of the insect than we gave when we first nostreets with cargoes of bon-bons, souvenirs, and the variety ticed its discovery.

48627125 of et ceteras with which little children and grown-up chil.

885 is thus squared, 1925 dren are bribed into good humour; and here and there

The Fireside. pastry-cooks are to be met with, carrying upon boards In order to employ one part of this life in serious and impor


13475 enormous temples, pagodas, churches, and playhouses, tant occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mere amusemade of fine four and sugar, and the embellishments (ments." --JOHN LOCKE. Tkere is a time to laugh and a time to weep."-SOLOMON.

14895 which render French pastry so inviting. But there is

How are these operations accounted for? one street in Paris to which a New Year's Day is a whole

A In our last we intimated that if our readers would year's fortune-that is the Rue des Lombards, where refer to our 6th volume, page 243, they would find an ex.

Having occasion to pay for a goose that cost 5 the wholesale confectioners reside ; for in Paris every l cellent recreation with cards.

how must this be done, I having no other coin

We are sorry to have occa. trade and profession has its peculiar quarter.

guineas, and the person of whom I bought it having Forsioned considerable trouble by misquoting the page, which but pieces ? several days preceding the first of January, this street lis 213. Our readers would do well to make the correction is completely blocked up by carts and waggons laden with a pen, to prevent useless researches.

To Correspondents. with cases of sweetmeats for the provinces. These are of every form and description which the most singular fancy

No. VII.

THE PLAGUE IN MANCHESTER. In consequence of and could imagine ; bunches of carrots, green peas, boots and


felt called upon to address to our readers last week shoes, lobsters and crabs, hats, books, inusical instruments,

have received a communication from the writer SOLUTIONS TO THE PUZZLES, &c. IN OUR LAST. Plague in Manchester, who observes, that he was surg gridirons, frying-pans, and sauce-pans; all made of sugar,

Another Solution to No. 23.

and hurt at our having called him "caprieious." and coloured to imitaté reality, and all made with a hol.

I think that I can,

forms us that he has by him the whole of the manual low within to hold the bon bons." The most prevailing

of his romance; but that it requires some correctie

If you wish for a plan devise is what is called a cornet; that is, à little cone

revision before he can forward it to us. In a week a To plant your new grove, send you one;

he promises us the whole; but we are compelled ornamented in different ways, with a bag to draw over

But if it wont do,

that he assigns no adequate reason for a procrastā the large end, and close it up. In these things, the prices

I shall not claim from you,

which kias so much the appearance of trifling with of which vary from one franc (ten-pence) to fifty, the

Permission to see it when done,

readers, as to justify the expressions we used in all bon-bons are presented by those who choose to be at the

At each side, if you please,

to it. If J. H. had been indisposed, or absent from

he might have intimated as much, and thus bave te

Plant three sycamore trees; expense of them; and by those who do not, they are only wrapped in a piece of paper; but bon-bons, in some

You may sit 'neath their shade in warm weather ; any suspicion that we had any share in the delay

would behave with all due courtesy to our correspone way or other, must be presented. It would not, perhaps,

And three in the centre;
But in order to enter,

but we, also, owe respeet to our friends and readers be an exaggeration to state, that the amount expended

was natural we should be solicitous to exonerace for presents on New Year's Day in Paris, for sweetmeats

They must be rather closer together.

from the suspicion of being capricious, or distur alone, exceeds 500,000 francs, or £20,000 sterling. Jew.

I have placed, as you'll see,

those to whom it is our pride and pleasure to ab ellery is also sold to a very large amount; and the fancy

A dot where each tree

our obligations. The verses which accompanied tra

Should stand.-Now may not I claim articles exported in the first week in the year, to England

of J. H. are reserved for our next. and other countries, is computed at one.fourth of the sale

The permission you granted, during the twelve months.

And when your grove's planted,

Lares is informed that the following note was, este In Paris it is by no means uncommon for a man of 8,000 Occasionally visit the same.

addressed to him in the Mercury, but was withdrar or 10,000 francs a year to make presents on New Year's

ELIZA B. want of room:-“ Lares is informed, that we fear Day which cost a fifteenth part of his income. No person

establishment will not admit of any offer warta

26. Because it is herring (her ring.) able to give, must, on this day, pay la visit empty handed.

ceptance. If he would himself make some species

27. Because she is Mersey full (merciful.) Every body accepts, and every man gives according to

posal, we could give a more definite answer."

28. Because it is a corp oration (corporation. ) the means which he possesses. Females alone are excepted

One of our correspondents, who has sent us a charade

29. Brace. from the charge of giving. A pretty woman, respectably

word candle, seems to have forgotten that de is not

30. Carnation. connected, may reckon her new year's present at some


31. Murmur. thing considerable. Gowns, jewellery, gloves stockings,

8. W. Ji's two favours have been duly received, and

32. Palais. and artificial flowers, fill her drawing-room ; for in Paris

33. Tour.

disposed of according to uniform custom. This it is a custom to display all the gifts, in order to excite

34. Compère, commère.

correspondent will find one of his former pieces in emulation, and to obtain as much as possible. At the pa.

ceding page. lace the New Year's Day is a complete jour de fete. Every

NEW CONUNDRUMS, CHARADES, &c. SUPPLEMENTAL SHEET.-Next week, or the following branch of the Royal Family is then expected to make hand.

it is our intention to present our readers with anos some presents to the King. For the six months preceding


tuitous supplement, in order that they may be no. January, 1824, the female branches were busily occupied in

the Music, or by the insertion of those articles preparing presents of their own manutacture, which would

55. Great K, little k, and k in a merry mood ?

occasionally copy from the Mercury. fill at least two common sized waggons. The Duchess de 36. Who was that scriptural king whose name comprises so

SONNET OF AN IMPROVISATORE.One of our correspo Berri painted an entire room of japanned pannels to be set a father calling his son and the son's answer ?

has succeeded in the very difficult task of giving an 2 up in the palace; and the Duchess of Orleans prepared an 37. What was the name of the person buried beneath version of the Italian sonnet, which we re-publishe elegant screen. An English gentleman, who was admitted the stone containin be follow

the Winter's Wreath, in the Kalcidoscope of Dec. suddenly into the presence of the Duchess de Berri two

So did he live, and so did he die ;

the peculiar construction of the original sennet 1 months before, found her, and three of her maids of ho

So, so! did he so ? So let him lie.

dered, we think our correspondent has acquitted nour, lying on the carpet, painting the legs of a set of 38. There is a certain word in the English language, of

very cleverly.. chairs, which were intended for the King. The day three syllables, containing only four letters, three of which SCOIller's Gaost SEER.In order to make room for! eommences with the Parisians at an early hour, by the are vowels.

three long, and, in our opinion, very interesting artie interchange of their visits and bon-bons. The nearest

nearest 39. There is another word, in very common use, espea have postponed the conclusion of the Ghost Seer unti relations are visited Grst, until the furthest in blood

lood cially in epistolary correspondence, of only troo syllables, week, when it will be brought to a termination. have had their calls; then friends and acquaintances.

cs: and yet containing five letters, four of which are vowels. TALES OF A GRANDFATHER. -We shall next week gire The conflict to anticipate each other's call occasions the most agreeable and whimsical scenes among these profi.

40. My first's the guard of peasant's lowly cot;

further specimens of this work. cients in polite attentions. In these visits, and in gossip.

And of my next is happiness the lot;

VARIETY. We shall have much pleasure in giving a ing at the confectioners' shops, which are the great lounge

My whole a harmless form remain's,

our next to the excellent lines on Variety, by otru for the occasion, the morning of New Year's Day is passed;

of iron laws and slavery's chains.

correspondent, I. P. from whom we shall be glad a dinner is given by some member of the family to all the

further, without the formality of paying the postage rest, and the evening concludes, like Christmas Day, with


An Antiquarian is informed that the article he recomi cards, dancing, or any other amusement that may be pre

is already on our file, waiting its turn for inserton. ferred: One of the chief attractions to a foreigner in Paris

Question from Bonnycastle's Arithmetic. MUSIC_We have in reserve several pieces of musk, is the exhibition, which opens there on New Year's Day, Multiply loft. 4in. 5pts. by 5ft. 8in. 6pts. decimally, 60 which, we believe, we have acknowledged. of the finest specimens of the Sceres china, manufactured that the result may be the exact answer, which is 59ft. at the royal establishment, in the neighbourhood of Ver. 1 2in. 2" 6 6, and the decimals not to exceed 8 places Printed, published, and sold, every 7'uesday, by E. sailles, during the preceding year.Every Day Book. from the separating point.

and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-street.

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i familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, MEN and MANNERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming a handsome AnxUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

No. 391.- Vol. VIII.


Price 3d

Scientific Notices.


shall continue to be a railroad, or a road formed of of a martyr. At his call, the Knights of St. John mprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve

equally unyielding materials. For, suppose O P to assembled from all parts of Europe, bringing with Bents in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin yield to the pressure of M N, and let N sink to n. I them some of the bravest of the nobility of France

and Italy. Among them was the Viscount D’Aubusmalar Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi- then m n represents the wheel so sunk-whose centre

son, brother of the Grand Master. The brothers Josophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical is g, and q r the direction of the propelling power, were descended from Renaud D’Aubusson, brother Piepomena, or singular Facts in Natural History; Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.

capable of drawing the wheel along O P, but not of Turpin, who was Bishop of Limoges in the year

along o p, (which, of course, follows.) At the point S, 898. Louis de Craon, Scaligero della Scala, and STEAM-CARRIAGES ON ROADS OF THE COMMON

heco Pothers whose names were spurs to their valour, where the periphery of the sunk-wheel touches 0 P,19th

I joined this illustrious company.

The Turks, on the join at right angles to o P, then Sp represents the lo

sents me other hand, were directed by Misach Palæologus, of resisting power of the hole which the wheel makes the imperial family of Constantinople, who had TO TBE EDITOR.

for itself in the yielding material ;---join q S, and at risen by apostacy to the rank of first Pacha of the 112,—Thinking you may not have seen the an

S join S T at right angles to q8 then S T represents | Turkish monarchy. ed diagram, I have thought proper to extract it the inclination of the plane on which the wheel must

The force destined to besiege Rhodes was comna London paper, as the subject has, I believe,

posed of one hundred and sixty large vessels, and ited no small degree of interest in this town. It travel to get out of the hole, and before it can get on

one hundred thousand troops. In May, 1481, the OP: now, before the wheel can travel on the in- Turks commenced the siege, opening their first communicated to the editor of the Sunday Times, I person of the name of Geo. Bruges, 14, Baker

clined plane S T, the propelling power must take the battery against Fort St. Nicholas, which was es

direction q f, parallel to S T. Hence the propelling teemed the key of the town of Rhodes. The Grand , Bagnigge Wells, “in pity,” as he says, “ to

Master himself, accompanied by his brother, defended power must, on a hard road, take the direction Q R; unfortunate persons now wasting their time and

the breach ; his helmet was knocked off by a stone; and, on a soft road g f. tance in silly speculations; and by which to

he took a soldier's hat, and continued to fight with

Now, as all inanimate power acts always uniformly desperation, till the Janizaries, after suffering imaustrate, mathematically, that no steam-carriage.

in one direction and it has been shown that, in case mense loss, were obliged to retreat. The Turkish possibly travel except on railroads, or roads formed equally unyielding materials.” He concludes

of steam-carriages, a power is required to act accord-Igeneral then resorted to other measures, and directed demonstration by stating, he is aware that to his |ing as circumstances may demand, in more directions 1.

nchis artillery against the quarter of the Jews, where than one-some contrivance must be discovered to set non had made considerable impression, he found, to

the wall was known to be weak; but when his can. tors may be opposed what seems to be the evidence

aside the laws of inanimate matter, before a steam- his dismay, that D’Aubusson had built a second wall facts; and that it will, doubtless, be asserted, that

carriage can possibly travel on other than railroads, or behind the former, of stronger and better materials. m-carriages have actually travelled on other than roads. To this he replies, that no well authen

| roads constructed of equally unyielding materials. Thus foiled a second time, he attempted, by emis

| ted instance can be produced of a steam-carriage

hesaries, to poison the Grand Master, but the plot was N. B.—The same diagram readily explains the

me discovered, and the emissaries torn to pieces by the Hling on a road where the materials have been

reason why wheels sunk to a certain depth do, when people. He then returned to the plan of attacking a laid for the purpose of making a new, or mend

acted on by a given power, continue to revolve, with the fort of St. Nicholas. This fort was separated Az old road; and until this be done, he asserts

out obtaining a progressive motion ; for, suppose the from the Turkish camp by a narrow channel. The his theory will remain unshaken.-I am, Sir.J wheel m n sunk to n, then SP will represent the Pacha built a bridge of boats, and one of his soldiers

diving a considerable depth, fastened an anchor to respectfully,

des a rock under water, close to the fort, and passing a ringfield, January 2d, 1828.

the progressive motion of the wheel. Now let qf|cable through the ring of the anchor, hoped to draw represent the power acting on mn at 9, then it is the bridge of boats to the wall. But an English plain that m n, as a wheel put in motion, must re- sailor, of the name of Gervas Roger, who perceived yolve in some direction: if it be impeded by a resist the stratagem of the Turk, dived in his turn under

water, and detached the cable. ing power greater than the propelling power, as it,

The Turks, thus

baffled in their stratagem, towed their bridge, by cannot revolve with a progressive motion, it must I means of a number of boats, close to the fort. They revolve with a motion not progressive or retrograde; began the attack during the night, and attempted to but if the propelling and resisting powers be equal, scale the wall, but the fire of the Christians, directed then will the wheel move with neither a progressive

by the sound, was exceedingly destructive. The few

who reached the top of the wall were all slain. nor retrograde, but a stationary revolution.

After several repulses, the Turks still renewed the

assault; the whole of the night passed amidst the The Bouquet.

noise of artillery, the confused voices of the assail

ants, the cries of the wounded, and the explosions * M N be the wheel of the steam-carriage, tra

I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have caused by the fire-ships of the Grand Master. When

brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." day at length appeared, the cannon from the fort ng on the road O P; and let Q R be the pro.l.

broke the bridge, and all who were on it were ng power, acting at right angles to the spoke Q N; THE SIEGE OF RHODES, BY MAHOMET. drowned. The Turks, in despair, were obliged to plain that the wheel M N will revolve on the

retire, with the loss of numbers of their best and O P only when Q R is parallel to 0 P, and dis- From Lord John Russel's recently published work,-a Discourse | bravest soldiers. After some fresh attacks, the Pacha

on the Establishment of the Turks in Europe. from it by a space equal to Q N. Now Q R

tried the way of negotiation, and proposed to the be parallel to N P, and distant from it by a space.

besieged an honourable capitulation. Many of the

The island was in possession of the Knights of knights, seeing the immense force of the enemy, i to Q N only when N P is a straight line. Now St. John of Jerusalem ; on the approach of danger were inclined to listen to terms, and even blamed will continue to be a straight line only when they assembled in council, and agreed to pay implicit the Grand Master for his obstinacy; but D'Aubus. shall continue to support, without yielding to, the

N obedience to their Grand Master, D'Aubusson, who son, using the absolute power with which he had

Tjoined to the wisdom of a prudent commander, the been invested, called the knights together, and said, sure of MN; or, in other words, so long as 0 Plardent courage of a knight, and the enthusiastic faith'“Gentlemen, if any one of you does not think him.

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