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ha re disturbed the repose of the dead for the sake of the gence which we receive is extraordinary and unexpected, The crowd insensibly diminished. It was past midnight. living. Is not the terrestrial happiness of a man,-of

a it confirms, in some degree, the miracle by which it is ob- The music became faint and languid; the tapers grew brother ........."

tained; for who can doubt an operation to be supernatural, dim, and many of them went out. The conversation de. *** The terrestrial happiness! Ah! my friend, I feel when its effect could not be produced by natural means? clining by degrees, lost itself at last in secret murmurs, dut too sensibly the force of your expression: my entire ! have interrupted you,” added the Prince.“ Proceed and the faintly illuminated hall was nearly deserted. The bicity.' in your narrative.".

monk, in the meantime, continued motionless; his grave . And the tranquillity of a distressed family; are not - I asked the ghost whether there was any thing in this and mournful look still fixed on the newly married couple. hese sufficient to justify such a measure ? Undoubtedly. world which he still considered as his own, and whether The company at length rose from the table. The guests f any

sublunary concern can authorize us to interrupt the he had left any thing behind him that was particularly dispersed. The family assembled in a separate group, peace of the blessed, to make use of a power ........ dear to him? The ghost thrice shook his head, and lifted and the monk, though uninvited, continued near them. w Fer God's sake, my friend," said he, interrupțing up his hand towards heaven. Previous to his retiring, he How it happened that no person spoke to him I cannot DE 'Do more of this. Once, I avow it, I had such a dropt a ring from his finger, which was found on the floor conceive. hought: I think I mentioned it to you; but I have long after he had disappeared. Antonia took it, and looking “ The female friends now surrounded the trembling isce rejected it as horrid and abominable.'

at it attentively, she knew it to be the wedding-ring which bride, who cast a supplicating and distressed look on the * You will have conjectured already,” continued the she had given to her intended husband.”

awful stranger. He did not answer it. The gentlemen blun, to what this conversation led us. I endea- “ The wedding-ring!” exclaimed the Prince, surprised. assembled in the same manner around the bridegroom. tured to overcome the scruples of the Chevalier, and at "How did you get it?"

A solemn and anxious silence prevailed among them. succeeded. We resolved to call the ghost of the de. “Who?-1!-It was not the true one.—I got it! It “• How happy we are here together,' at length said sed Jeronymo. I only stipulated for a delay of a fort was only a counterfeit.”

the old Marquis, who alone seemed not to behold the ht, in order, as I pretended, to prepare, in a suitable

" A counterfeit!" repeated the Prince. “But in order stranger, or, at least, seemed to behold him without dismner, for so solemn an act. The time being expired, to counterfeit, you required the true one. How did you may; how happy we are together, and my son Jeronymo I my machinery in readiness, I took advantage of a coine at it? Surely the deceased never went without it?". cannot be with us.' 7 gloomy day, when we were all assembled as usual, to " That is true,'replied the Sicilian, with symptoms of " Have you invited him, and did not he answer your zounicate the affair to the family; and not only brought confusion. “But from a description which was given me invitation ?" asked the monk. It was the first time he had is to consent to it, but even to make it the subject of of the genuine wedding-ring-"

spoken. We looked at him alarmed. erowo request. The most difficult part of the task was “A description which was given you! By whom ?"

" • Alas! he is gone to a place from whence there is no obain the approbation of Antonia, whose presence was

“Long before that time. It was a plain gold ring, and return, answered the old man. •Reverend father, you antial

. My endeavours were, however, greatly assisted had, I believe, the name of the young Countess engraved misunderstand me: my son Jeronymo is dead.” the melancholy turn of her mind, and, perhaps, still on it. But you made me lose the connexion.”

" . Perhaps he only fears to appear in this company,' reso, by a faint hope that Jeronymo might still be liv. " What happened farther ?” said the Prince, with a replied the monk. Who knows how your son Jeronymo and therefore would not appear. A want of con- very dissatisfied countenance.

may be situated ? Let him now hear the voice which he nice in the thing itself was the only obstacle which I is the family fancied themselves convinced that Je heard the last. Desire your son Lorenzo to call him.' ne to remove.

ronymo was no more. From that very day they publicly " . What does he mean?' whispered the company one Having obtained the consent of the family, the third announced his death, and went into mourning. The cir. to another. Lorenzo changed colour. My own hair bewas fixed on for the operation. I then prepared for cumstance of the ring left no doubt even in the mind of gan to stand on my head. plean transaction by mystical instruction, by fasting, Antonia, and added a considerable weight to the addresses

“ In the meantime the monk approached a sideboard. ude, and prayers, which I ordered to be continued till of the Chevalier.

He took a glass of wine, and bringing it to his lips— To'. in the night. Much use was also made of a certain “ In the meantime, the violent impression which the the memory of our dear Jeronymo!' said he. Every one ical instrument, unknown till that time, and which, young Countess had received from the sight of the appa- who loved the deceased will follow my example.” uch cases, has often been found very powerful. The rition, brought on her a disorder?so dangerous, that the " • Wherever you come from, reverend father,' ex. of these artifices was so much beyond my expec- hopes of Lorenzo were very near being destroyed for ever: claimed the old Marquis, you have pronounced a dearly

that the enthusiam, to which on this occasion I was on her recovering, she insisted upon taking the veil; and beloved name, and you are welcome here.' Then turning ad te force myself, was infinitely heightened by that it was only at the serious remonstrances of her confessor, to us, he offered us full glasses. «Come, my friends, audience. The anxiously expected moment at last in whom she placed implicit confidence, that she was let us not be surpassed by a stranger. The memory of I guess,” said the Prince, “whom you are now going solicitations of the family, and the confessor, wrested from my son Jeronymo. Never, I believe, was any toast less woduce. But go on, go on.".

her the desired consent. The last day of mourning was “ • There is one glass left,' said the Marquis. Why No, my Prince. The

deception succeeded according fixed on for the day of marriage, and the old Marquis does my son Lorenzo refuse to pay this friendly tribute ?' my sistes." determined to add io the solemnity of the occasion, by

“ Lorenzo, trembling, received the glass from the hands "How? Where is then the Armenian ?”

resigning all his estates to his lawful heir. "Do not fear, my Prince. He will appear but too soon. **The day arrived, and Lozenzo received his trembling dearly beloved brother Jeronymo!' he hesitatingly pro

of the monk; tremblingly he put it to his lips. •My' mit the description of the farce itself, as it would lead bride at the altar. In the evening a splendid banquet was nounced, and, seized with horror, he replaced the glass to too great a length. It is sufficient to say, that it prepared for the cheerful guests, in a hall superbly illu.

unemptied. wered my expectation. The old Marquis, the young minated. The most lively and delightful music contributed

" . This is the voice of my murderer!' exclaimed a intess, her mother, Lorenzo, and another

person of the to increase the general gladness. The happy old Marquis terrible figure, which appeared instantaneously in the midst aly, were present. You will imagine that, during my wished all the world

to participate in his joy. All the of us, covered with blood, and disfigured with horrible residence in this house, I had not wanted opportu. entrances of the palace were set open, and every one who wounds. as of gathering information respecting every thing that sympathized in his happiness was joyfully welcomed. In

“But ask no further from me," added the Sicilian, serned the deceased. Several of his portraits enabled the midst of the throng”give the apparition a striking likeness; and, as I The Sicilian paused. A trembling expectation suso lost my senses the moment I looked at this apparition.

with every symptom of horror in his countenance; “I and the ghost to speak only by signs, the sound of his pended our breath. could excite po suspicion.

“ In the midst of the throng," continued the prisoner,

The same happened to every one present. When we reThe departed Jeronymo appeared in the dress of a " appeared a Franciscan monk, to whom my attention was covered, the inonk and the ghost had disappeared. Lo tish Slave, with a deep wound in his neck. You ob- directed by a person who sat

next to me at table. He was in the most dreadful convulsions

. "No person attended that, in this respect, I was counteracting the general standing motionless, like a marble pillar. His shape was him but his confessor and the sorrowful old Marquis, in sa to hope that this unexpected circumstance would and mournful; his

eyes were fixed on the newly married weeks after him. Lorenzo's secret is concealed in the hen the belief in the apparition itself, for nothing couple

. The joy which beamed on the face of every one bosom of the priest, who received his last confession : 20 red to me more dangerous than to be too natural.' think you judged well,” said the Prince. “In varied. He seemed like a statue among living persons. person ever learnt what it was.

“Soon after this event, a well was cleaned in the farm lever respects apparitions, the most probable is the Such an object, appearing amidst the general joy, struck a acceptable. If their communications are easily com. me more forcibly from its contrast with every thing around yard of the Marquis's villa. It had been disused many hendel, we undervalue the channel by which they are me. It left on my mind so durable an impression, that, years, and was almost closed up by shrubs and old trees. ained. 'Nay, we even suspect the reality of the mira. from it alone, I have been enabled (which would otherwise A skeleton was found among the rubbish. The house if the discoveries which it brings to light are such as have been impossible) to recollect the features of this where this happened is now no more; the family Del ght easily have been imagined. "Why should we dis. Franciscan monk in the Russian officer, for, without M-is extinct; and Antonia's tomb may be seen in a Sthe repose of a spirit, if it is to inform us of nothing doubt, you must have already conceived, that the person convent not far from Salerno." re than the ordinary powers of the intellect are capable I have described was no other than your Armenian.

(To be concluded in our next.) eaching us ? But, on the other hand, if the intelli- “I frequently attempted to withdraw my eyes from this

figure, but they returned involuntarily, and found him Perhaps he means the Harmonica, a musical instrument always unaltered. I pointed him out to the person who

Tide Table. of late years, in Germany. It is composed of a number sat nearest to me on the other side, and he did the same glass wheels, which revolve on an axle, and produce, on to the person next to him. In a few minutes a general og touched, different degrees of sound, according to their curiosity and astonishment pervaded the whole company. Days Morn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c. erent sizes. The harmony produced by this instrument The conversation languished; a general silence succeeded;

a kind so languishing and delightful, that very extraor- the monk did not interrupt it. He continued motionless, Tuesday....1/10 48 ni Ary effects are said to have been produced by it. When and always the same; his grave and mournful looks con- Wednesday 211 23 11 39 15 11 Full Moon, 5h. 43m. morn. Lfully touched, it is remarkably adapted to lull the mind stantly fixed upon the newly married couple : his appear. Thursday ..311 55 Batender and solemn melancholy, on which account it is ance struck every one with terror. The young Countess Friday: Eventiy used in theatres, to prepare the audience for any alone, who found the transcript of her own sorrow in the Saturday ::51 43 59 16

6 1 16 1 32 16 2 Epiphany, uncommonly impressive, such w the introduction of face of the stranger, beheld, with a sullen satisfaction, the Monday

7 1 40
only object that seemed to smypathize in her sufferings. Tuesday....2 24 2 12 15 i Lucian.

h. m.'h. m. ft. in.

415 5 Circumcision.

16 4 .40 11 0.28 16 6

2 715

No. VIII.
SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POETS.

BY PERCIVAL MELBOURNE.

JAMES SHIRLEY.
This celebrated dramatist was born in Stocks Market,

London, in the year 1594. He received the rudiments of
Poetry.

his education at Merchant's School, from whence, at a
suitable age, he was removed to St. John's College, Oxford;

at which time the celebrated Dr. Laud was president, who
THE NEW YEAR.

became greatly attached to Shirley, yet, invariably, per.

suaded him not to take holy orders, in consequence of a Oh, ever-Aitting shade no tears can win ;

large mole upon his cheek, which Laud considered a de. Time! that still hold'st, unmov'd, thy equal course, formity. From Oxford, Shirley removed to Catherine Hall, Thou ever busy traveller, unseen,

Cambridge, where he studied several years previous to Pursuing still, regardless of remorse,

taking holy orders. Having left Cambridge, he accepted The track of agony ; and, sorrow bow'd,

of a living at St. Alban's—but soon abandoned it, in conLoving the paths inclining to the dead !

sequence of his embracing the Romish faith; which having Ruler of all created things allowed,

done, he commenced a Grammar School at that place.At whose command the great and good have fled, This mode of life did not agree with his unsettled princiPride of the forest, as the lowly flower ;

ples, and he removed to Gray's Inn, London, and became And owning whose imperial control,

a writer for the stage—for which profession his talents Must universal pature brave her hour,

were admirably adapted. As a dramatist he became deAnd hasten to her last—her final goal !

servedly popular, which gained him the esteem of many Dread arbiter alike of weal or woe,

persons of quality. At the time of the great fire of LonAnother era of thy race begun,

don, in 1666, he resided in Fleet-street, but being burnt Whispers how transitory all below,

out of his habitation, he removed to St. Giles' in the Fields; How swiftly days, months, years, their course bave run; and, in consequence of the fright occasioned by the fire, And, ah! how soon, the mortal barrier past,

died on the 29th October, in the same year, aged 72. His The soul must wing her passage o'er the flood,

wife died in twenty-four hours after himself, and they Jordan's chill wave; and to her haven haste,

were both interred in the same grave. Her final rest-che bosom of her God !

He wrote forty.two dramas, all of which had great re

putation in the author's lifetime; but, not one of which has Oh, ever-flitting Time! propitious deign, Upon the New Year's birth, oh, deign to smile ;

kept possession of the stage, although many of them are And be, to grace the dawning of its reign,

decidedly superior to the vapid dramatic productions of the Each blossom given can human care beguile;

present day, and only require a judicious alteration and Hope's fairy flowers to brighten o'er its path,

adaptation to fit them for present representation. While gentle airs, with soft and fav’ring breeze,

THE PASSING BELL.
Shall speed us onward, and, from tempest's wrath,
Conduct in safety o'er “ wide welt'ring" seas !

Hark! how chimes the passing bell !
Oh, ever-fitting Time! thy brows entwine

There's no music to a knell; Alone with myrtle, and the fragrant rose ;

All the other sounds we hear, And hastening to yon far-off world divine,

Flatter, and but cheat the ear; That better land of undisturbed repose !

This doth put us still in mind, Oh, ever-fitting Time ! be thine to bid

That our flesh must be resigned, The new-born era speed on golden wing,

And a general silence made, And pain, and disappointment, far recede,

The world be muffled in a shade. Nor death his fatal knell, relentless, ring!

He that on a pillow lies, Oh, ever-fitting Time ! in pity grant,

Tear-embalmed, before he dies, As summer fair, the circling hours may speed;

Carries, like a sheep, his life, And for the yew, the gladsome olive plant,

To meet the sacrificer's knife; And roses scatter where now flaunts the weed :

And for eternity is prest, Then, image of yon bright and starry sphere,

Sad bell-weather to the rest. This lower world a paradise shall bloom ;

ECHO AND NARCISSUS. And thine, be thine, oh, highly.gifted Year,

(From "Narcissus.") To banish grief, and triumph o'er the tomb ! Liverpool.

G.

Fair Echo, rise ! sick-thoughted nymph, awake,
TO JOHNNY HYDE

Leave thy green couch, and canopy of trees !

Long since the choiristers of the wood did shake I would advise you, Johnny Hyde,

Their wings, and sing to the bright sun's uprise:
To saddle your ass, and to mount astride;

Day hath wept o'er thy couch, and, progressed,
And take Cleminson on behind you:

Blusheth to see fair Echo still in bed.
And as to Gilkickrum you jog along,

If not the birds, who 'bout the coverts fly,
You may amuse yourselves by singing'a song,

And with their warbles charm the neighbouring air;
What the tune is I need not remind you."

If not the sun, whose new embroidery
And if the ass should happen to bray,

Makes rich the leaves that in thy arbors are,
And hold up its nose, as much as to say—

Can make thee rise ; yet, love-sick nymph, away,
I will kick up my heels and discharge ;

The young Narcissus is abroad to-day.
You must tell your donkey he had better be quiet,

Pursue him, timorous maid : he moves apace,
You will put him in limbo if he dare make a riot,

Favonius waits to play with thy loose hair,
For he has only got a surcharge.

And help thy flight; see how the drooping grass
BOW.Wow.

Courts thy soft tread, thou child of sound and air ;
Our author here seems rather mysterious, but we suppose
he either alludes to the tune of "Go to the D- and shake Attempt, and overtake him; though he be
yourself," or else " The De'll take the bindmost."

Coy to all other nymyhs, he'll stoop to thee.

If thy face move not, let thy eyes express

Some rhetoric of thy tears to make him stay ; He must be a rock that will not melt at chese,

Dropping these native diamonds in his way; Mistaken he may stoop at them, and this, Who knows how soon ? may help thee to a kiss If neither love, thy beauty, nor thy tears,

Invent some other way to make him know
He need not hunt, that can have such a deer :

The Queen of Love did once Adonis woo,
But, hard of soul, with no persuasions won,
He felt the curse of his disdain too soon.
In vain I counsel her to put on wing;

Echo hath left her solitary grove ;
And in the vale, the palace of the spring,

Sits silently attending to her love;
But round about, to catch his voice with care,
In every shade and tree she bid a snare.
Now do the huntsmen fill the air with noise,

And their shrill horns chafe her delighted ear,
Which, with loud accents, give the woods a voice,

Proclaiming parley to the fearful deer :
She hears the jolly tunes; but every strain,
As high and musical, she returns again.
Rous'd is the game ; pursuit doth put on wings:

The sun doth sbine, and gild them out their var
The deer into an o'ergrown thicket springs,

Through which he quaintly steals his shine avij;
The hunters scatter ; but the boy, o'erthrow
In a dark part of the wood, complains alone.
Him, Echo, led by her affections, found,

Joy'd, you may guess, to reach him with ber eye;
But more, to see him rise without a wound-

Who yet obscures herself behind some tree;
He, vext, exclaims, and asking “ Where am 1!"-
The unseen virgin answers “ Here am I!"
“Some guide from hence! Will no man bea: leches

She answers, in her passion,“man, ha “ I die, I die,” say both; and thus she tries,

With frequent answers, to entice his ear And person to her court, more fit for love ;He tracts the sound, and finds her odorous grote The way he trod was paved with violets,

Whose azure leaves do warm their naked stalks;
In their white double ruffs the daisies jet,

And primroses are scattered in the walks,
Whose pretty mixture in the ground declares
Another galaxy embossed with stars.
Two rows of elms ran with proportioned grace,

Like nature's arras, to adorn the sides ;
The friendly vines their loved barks embrace,

While folding tops the chequered ground-work beter
Here oft the tired sun himself would rest,
Riding his glorious circuit to the west.
Prom hence delight conveys him unawares

Into a spacious green, whose either side
A hill did guard, whilst with his trees, like bairs

,
The clouds were busy binding up his head;
The flowers here smile upon him as be treads,
And, but when he looks up, hang down their heads.
Not far from hence, near an harmonious brook,

Within an arbor of conspiring trees,
Whose wilder boughs into the stream did look,

A place more suitable to her distress,
Echo, suspecting that her love was gode,
Herself had in a careless posture thrown.
But Time upon his wings had brought the boy

To see this lodging of the airy Queen,
Whom the dejected nymph espies with joy

Through a small window of eglantine ; And that she might be worthy his embrace, Forgets not to new-dress her blubber'd face.

With confidence she sometimes would go out,

And boldly meet Narcissus in the way ; But then her fears present her with new doubt,

And chide her over-rash resolve away. Her heart with overcharge of love must break; Great Juno will not let poor Echo speak.

DEATH'S FINAL CONQUEST.

The regions that in darkness lay,

Now see a shining light;
The Geutile world as clear as day,
Old Israel's joy as bright.

Rejoice, rejoice!
The chief 'st among ten thousand's come!
The everlasting Father's come!

Rejoice!
Let all the earth, &c.
Simeon now, with fervency,

Prays to depart in peace;
His eyes have seen he wish'd to see,
Salvation ne'er to cease.

Rejoice, rejoice!
The God of our salvation's come!
The Prince of Peace to reign is come!

Rejoice!
Let all the earth, &c.

Awhile, as o'er the blossom'd heath,

I heard the skylark's warbling lay, That echo'd down the glen beneath,

To cheer fatigue, and charm the way. The blackbird, too ; I heard his song

In chorus join the tuneful thrush ; The robin, as I walk'd along,

- Chirp'd beneath the holly-bush, Great Heaven frowns! abash'd, they fall;

No more the sounds of joy I hear;
Above, below, creation all

Seem to partake one common fear.
But now, methinks, the storm's abating,

And hush'd the dismal, howling blast;
Each throbbing heart with joy dilating;

The thunder's o'er,—the danger's past.
Calm stillness reigns in close of night,

When blinking stars begin to peep ;
The moon-beam casts a misty light
O'er vanquish'd nature, lull'd to sleep.

A CLOWN.

The glories of our birth and state,

Are shadows, not substantial things ; There is no armour against fate, Death lays his icy hands on kings;

Sceptre and crown,

Must tumble down, And in the dust be equal made, With the poor crooked scythe and spade. Some men with swords may reap the field,

And plant fresh laurels where they kill ; But their strong nerves at last must yield, They tame but one another still ;

Early or late,

They stoop to fate, Add must give up their murmuring breath, When they, pale captives, creep to death. The garlands wither on your brow,

Then boast no more your mighty deeds ; Upon death's purple altar, now, See where the victor victim bleeds :

All heads must come

To the cold tomb,
Only the actions of the just
Smell sweet and blossom in the dust.

The Liver.

The following verses, which, after considerable revision, are still defective, are the production of a person, who, according to his own account, is in a very humble situa. tion. The thoughts are natural, but we would hint to our correspondent that he has much to learn, and that there is no excuse for some of the inaccuracies which we have corrected, two of which we shall notice for the future guidance of the writer :

“ Fear brightly glistened in each eye.”

" The rain with fiery sheets descending." If the alterations we bave felt called upon to make on these passages, are not to the taste of the writer, he and we must have very different ideas of propriety in composition.

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THE SHELTER.

TO THE EDITOR. -If you think the following are sufficiently correct insertion, the appearance of them in your next, or some bsequent Kaleidoscope, will greatly oblige your female sada,

JANE. Fornby, December 23, 1827.

SONG FOR CHRISTMAS DAY.

Hark now, the bold prophetic lay

“ To us a son is given," The prophecy's fulfill'd to day By condescending Heaven.

Rejoice, rejoice!
The Ancient of Days is come;
The Wonderful on earth is come.

Rejoice!
Let all the earth, with songs of joy,
Shout !-clap their hands to God on high-

Shout-clap-clap-shout-
With praises pierce the azure sky.
Auspicious morn-the Magi see,

Refulgent in the East,
A star, to guide them where would be
The new born king and priest.

Rejoice, rejoice!
The promised Messiah's come;
The Counsellor to teach is come.

Rejoice!
Let all the earth, &c.
Behold him in our nature dress'd,

He in our form appears,
To save lost man, no more distress'd,
He comes ; be hushed your fears.

Rejoice, Rejoice!
The Lord of Righteousness is come,
The mighty God, to save, is come!

Rejoice!
Let all the earth, &c.

Down the rugged cliff descending,

Ere the winds began to blow;
With weary footsteps weakly bending,

I sought the shelter'd cot below.
Dark o'er the sky the wild clouds scowling,

Heaven's grand ammunition bore ;
Keen o'er the heath the winds were howling,

Just as I reach'd the cottage door.
I knock'd, and ere the knock repeated,

The door of friendship open'd wide,
With smiling welcome kindly treated,

They plac'd me by the snug fireside.
There sat the cottage group in wonder,

Fear was depicted in each eye,
Oft starting, when the mighty thunder

Rollid magnificently by.
In jarring warfare close contending,

Clouds on clouds are quickly hurl'd;
The rain in floods on floods descending,

Drench'd beneath, a trembling world. The neighbouring oaks, of lofty form,

Are heard to groan, and cringe with fear, And bend to Him who rules the storm;

The voice of nature's God they hear. Now from the bosom of that cloud,

Which fills the spacious vault on high, Again the voice is echo'd loud,

Fresh torrents fall, and lightnings fly. How wild the scene of frighted nature,

Thus rudely strip'd of ev'ry charm; Of late how placid ; now each feature

Wrapp'd in tempest's dire alarm. Loud again the thunder pealing,

Each mighty sound well serves to show, And fill my soul with awful feeling,

Of powers above ; that rule below.

The following article, which we have copied from the Liverpool Courier, will be perused with interest by the generality of our readers, although it contains little which is new to those who have paid much attention to the oral tradition of, or the antiquarian researches in, this and the neighbouring county of Cheshire. The apprehension that the sea would, at some time, make its way through Wallasey Pool into the river Mersey, was a subject of popular panic long before we were born, although great diversity of opinion has prevailed as to the effects which such a change would produce upon the destiny of our native town.

In the next Kaleidoscope we shall enter more fully into the subject; and shall lay before our readers some inter. esting particulars respecting the remnants of trees, which may still be seen on the shore near Crosby, and which, there is every reason to believe, once formed a part of an immense forest, reaching from the shores of Lancashire to the shores of Cheshire. We shall endeavour to show, that the banks of Burbo and Hoyle, at one time, formed a part of the main land, and that the river Mersey, between Crosby and the Rock Perch, was a narrow stream, although the estuary is now so very considerable. We shall also, at the same time, republish an interesting letter on the subject, which appeared, about thirty years ago, in the Gentleman's Magazine. Edit. Kal.

ENCROACHMENTS OF THE SEA..MUTATIONS ON

THE WIRRALL PENINSULA.

That changes of a very extrordinary nature have taken place, in the lapse of time, on the neighbouring coasts of Cheshire, as well as upon our own shore, to the north ward of this town, is very evident to any one who has observed the relics of what has formerly existed. We would state, by way of illustrating this proposition, one simple fact : that trunks and roots of trees are to be found buried under the sand below high-water mark, bearing evident proofs, from their amazing size and extended ramifications, of their having had a living existence at one time on the spot where the roots are now seen, (however remote it is not our present business to inquire,) exhibiting the presence of forests of no inconsiderable magnitude. These remains are found upon the sea-shore in the neighbourhood of

Crosby, and extend along the sea-board as far as the extraordinary nature, in reference to the rapid advance of | quite, we opine. Great pains have been taken to beautif Dee, in Cheshire. This is a subject of curious speculation, the watery deity over the territories of his rival element, and adorn the

citadel. Millions have been spent upon which has not unfrequently engaged our attention. To that we are persuaded few (if any) of the inhabitants of to render it what it now is! An insidious enemy ha those who have had any experience in the cultivation of the town, now living, are acquainted with. We had the however, made a lodgement in its breastwork. The per trees on the bleak and sterile vicinity at the entrance of relation from a venerable and intelligent cottager, whom element which gives life, and vigour, and ornament to th the Mersey, it will appear a puzzling question to solve, we found in a clean, but humble cottage, on the margin of town, is silently, but gradually, undernlining the outposts how forests could ever have existed where now there is a the marsh, sitting beside a group of his youthful descend. and we would, without any superfluous forebodings, difficulty in rearing even a nursery ? To this question we ants, a scene not rendered the less interesting by the pre- spectfully, but earnestly, direct the attention of the con have never yet obtained a satisfactory solution, nor had the sence of the three months" widowed mother, who, with servators of the river Mersey, as well as of the land pri least light thrown upon a circumstance at present almost watery eye, stood pensive in the centre of her orphan chil. prietors of Cheshire, to this subject once more. Time altogether lost sight of, but which is, in reference to the dren, apologizing for not having the apartment in better made great changes since last they had this subject und furure, of no inconsiderable importance. There is no way order. On being asked what he knew in relation to the consideration, and then the difference of opinion was no of accounting for this singular change, which the revolu. encroachments of the sea since his early days, he replied, " is there any danger?” that fact was admitted; tion of ages must have wrought, on the present margin of " These flags, (pointing to the floor,) on which my chair" who shall do it," was the point upon which the differen the sea, but by supposing the absence of the water in stands, were taken from the bottom of a well, which, in turned. The time is now come, when the apprehend " long gone-by times," and this itself will not help us out former days, supplied us with water, but it now lies racked danger should be fairly met, petty jealousies and unway of the difficulty, except by supposing that the boundaries up, and buried, two or three hundred yards below the individual interests laid aside, and the further ravage of the deep were very distant, probably miles, from the reach of the tide. Many a time," said ihe old veteran, the sea kept out by timely embankment. This highest point in which it now Hows; this we infer from his eyes kindling into increased animation, “have I en have been done forty years ago, probably, for at the difficulty of rearing trees of a moderate size at a dis- joyed the favourite sport of prison bars, when we used to hundred pounds; it may, indeed, now cost thouse tance of a quarter or half a mile from the borders of the assemble, in our youthful days, more than a quarter of a but left a few years longer, tens of thousands may sea, in this neighbourhood. We are well aware that the mile from the present flow of the tide. A lighthouse," be adequate to meet the danger, if, haply, not thea observations which we have made, will not apply to many continued the old man, “then stood far out on the beach, late to accomplish the object. What the effect of parts of the sea.coast of this kingdom ; and we make them to the northward of the present one, nearly half a mile, if irruption of the water through Wallasey Pool would exclusively in reference to our own vicinity, lying, as not altogether all out. That lighthouse was, long ago, ren- on Liverpool, or the navigation of the river, Fe it does, so much exposed to the north-west gales which dered useless, by the encroachments of the water. It was not hazard an opinion upon; nor shall we say any this predominate throughout the year. If, then, we have, pulled down; and the present one was built in the year at present, respecting its probability. The first effect in any degree, established the fact, that very import. 1763, and I assisted in building it. At that time, there was Cheshire, would unquestionably be the destruction ant changes have taken place on the sea-shore at the en- a high ridge of sandhills and millgrass, to keep off the some hundreds, if not thousands, of acres of land. trance of the Mersey, simply from observation, without tide, at a considerable distance from the present lighthouse. one thing we are sure of,—the stake in this town ist calling in the aid of tradition, which would favour the sup- The hills and grass are now all gone, and there is nothing too great to render its being jeopardized in the least des position that, formerly, the shores of Lancashire and Che- now left to stop the water, which is making rapid ap- pardonable ; and the remedy is simple and practicabic. shire were united where now the sea rolls its current mag; proaches inland; and, unless something be done, I know nificently round the Rock Point, or that they were divided not what will become of us. Last week we suffered ter. by a very narrow stream. Giving to traditions no more ribly in this neighbourhood."

Miscellanies. value than they now appear entitled to, we have the living To this recital we listened with intense interest, never testimony of numbers of individuals to prove the rapid having heard of the existence of the lighthouse to which advance of the sea on the entire line of coast from Leasowe the oid man referred with such graphic vivacity. Pro- ADVENTURES OF JAMES V. IN DISGUISE. Castle to the mouth of the Dee. Large tracts of grazing bably perceiving something sceptical in our language or land, on the margin of the sea, have, by insensible degrees, manner, " Its true, you may depend on it, Sir, I assure

(From Tales of My Grandfather.") been occupied by successive encroachments of the water; you,”

rejoined the venerable old cottager, nearly approachand wbere once the gaieties of the race and rural sports ing his ninetieth year. " Welt, and what is your opinion James V. had a custom of going about the country enlivened the green sward, the water now oft rolls in terrific of the encroachments which the tide is making on your guised as a private person, in order that he might grandeur, and the lifeless corpse of the mariner, and the shore ?” “Why, I think,” continued he, " that the day complaints which might not otherwise reach his en disjointed fragments of his shattered bark, sometimes lie is not very distant when the water will break over this perhaps, that he might enjoy amusements which we scattered upon the sandy beach, and present themselves to Leasowe, and drown all the land, and then make its way to not have partaken of in his avowed royal charact the eye of the spectator in solemn contrast. There is no Liverpool through Wallasey Pool.” “ And what then?” is also said to have been a custom of James IV. fiction in this: it is the simple language of fact. A great “ There will not be a sufficient flow of water through the and several adventures are related of what befel en portion of the land which lies betwixt the boundaries we new channel to admit ships of large burthen ; but the such oocasions. One or two of these narratives have mentioned, is considerably below the level of the tide current will, by this means, be so much altered in the neck to enliven our story. at high water, and is only preserved, in many places, from of the Mersey, and will run with so much less force, that When James V. travelled in disguise, he used as the irruption of the ocean, by a very insecure boundary of it will endanger the navigation of the river, and ruin Li. which was known only to some of his principal net sand, casually thrown up by the operation of the wind and verpool.” :

and attendants. He was called the Goodman (the te the waves. It would, however, be well if that were the Now, without attaching any undue degree of import that is,) of Ballengiech. Ballengiech is a steep case all along that bleak coast ; but how stands the fact ? ance to the opinion, what are we say to the appalling facts which leads down behind the Castle of Súrling More than a mile of that part of the shore betwixt Lea- thus elicited from this veteran beacher, who has been a upon a time, when he was feasting in Stirling, the sowe Castle, and running westward of Leasowe Lighthouse, close observer of the operations of the tides for the last sent for some venison from the neighbouring hills this natural or artificial boundary is now entirely destroyed, two-thirds of a century? Here we have the fact of a light. deer were killed, and put on horses backs, to be and that gap is exposed to the gradual encroachment of house having existed sixty-five years ago, far down upon ported to Stirling. Unluckily, they had to pass the the water, without the slightest check to its further ad- the beach, which, when erected, was nnquestionably con- gates of Arnpryor, belonging to a chief of the Buchas vances.

sidered to be on terra firma ; now land, and building, and who had a considerable number of guests with him. On Saturday last, our attention was drawn to this subject sandhills are all swept off; the site of them become the was late, and the company were rather short of vice by a friend, who stated, that, on the Wednesday before, tide's way, and the evidence of their former existence only though they had more than enough of liquor. The he understood that the sea had broken over in this spot, to be found in the memory of an individual,

who associ- seeing so much fat venison passing his very door, scina and had done considerable damage to the pasture and other ates them with the pleasing reminiscences of his early days. it; and to the expostulations of the keepers, who tale grounds on that part of the common. With a view to Had the lighthouse now been standing, it would have been it belonged to King James, he answered, insolendir learn the particulars of the case, we visited the place on curious to observe the ravages of time, marked by its dis- if James was King in Scotland, he, Buchanan, we Monday, and, with some difficulty, found our way over the tance in the water and its height above the level of the sea, in Kippen,-being the

name of the district in who marsh, which now lies partially covered with salt water, by which it would now have been surrounded, and thus castle of Arnpryor lay. On hearing what had hair and the following is the result of our inquiry :-On Wed converted into a solitary sea-mark, peering out of the the King got on horseback, and rode instantly from nesday, the 19th, the wind blew from the south-west, a watery element like " a tower of other days.” The ad- ling to Buchanan's house, where he found a strong, violent gale, which raised the tide from four to five feet vances of the tide upon this part of the shore, threaten, looking Highlander, with an axe on his shoulder, stare above its expected height, which was rather under twenty very shortly, to place the present lighthouse in a similar sentinel at the door. This grim warder refused the feet. The water, on that day, broke over the Leasowe situation. Last week we find it was surrounded with a admittance, saying, that the Laird of Arppryor with resistless fury, inundating the common for several boisterous tide; bereft of its former natural protection.- dinner, and would not be disturbed. “ Yet go up to hundred yards inland, and, in one part, more than half a Every spring-tide still brings the water in closer approxi- company, my good friend,” said the King and tell mile from its ordinary boundary, filling the ditches and mation to its base, and, without the least pretensions that the Goodman of Ballengiech is come to feast with pools, and covering

the fields and inclosures of the poor to the gift of prophecy, we will venture to affirm, King of Kippen.” The porter went grumbling into cottagers, sweeping away many of their fences, saturating that, unless a timely preventive be applied to the en- house, and told his master, that there was a fellow.at their gardens, pastures, and tillage land, with salt water, croachments of the sea, the Leasowe Lighthouse will, erc red beard, who called himself the Goodman of Ballenge thereby rendering them comparatively barren for several long, be only approachable in boats at high water; and at the gate, who said he was come to dine with the years to come, even if they should be preserved from a ladder on the outside, or a spiral staircase in the interior, of Kippen. As soon as Buchanan heard these words, another similar visitation. The Leasowe Lighthouse was will become necessary to find

a way to the upper stories knew that the King was there in person, and haste encompassed with water, flowing up to the kitchen steps, of the building. As much as eight yards in width of the down to kneel at James's feet, and to ask forgiveness and beating the ground with such violence as to leave large strand has recently been swept away in one tide; and, his insolent behaviour. But the King, who only me hollows within a few yards of the building. Mans young within the last three years, not less than two acres of land, to give him a fright, forgave him freely, and, going to men could inform us," from their own knowledge of the belonging to the estate of the late Mrs. Boode,

have shared castle, feasted on his own venison, which Buchanan i advance of the sea for several

hundred yards, and they de- the same fate. We are well aware that this is no new intercepted. Buchanan of Arnpryor was ever after wai seribed their having frequently seen the roots and trunks subject : it bas long since occupied the attention of the called the King of Kippen. of large oaks, more than two hundred yards below the Corporation of Liverpool, as well as of the gentlemen of Upon another occasion, King James being alone, and point of high water mark, lying among the

black braes,” Cheshire. And

it may be said it is only like the cry of disguise, fell into a quarrel with some gipsies, or och - kind of peat. There is one fact, however, of such an the wolf in the fable." Ay! and is this really 50 -Not! vagrants, and was assaulted by four or five of them. 17

THE FAIR SEX.

TO THE EDITOR.

Make the trouble less.”

ebaneed to be very near the Bridge of Cramond; so the as a companion-zealous and sincere as a friend. His Krog got on the bridge, which, as it was high and narrow, professional talents and scientific acquirements, which

Correspondence. enabled him to defend himself with his sword against were of a superior order, were unalloyed by the slightest the persons by whom he was attacked. There was a pror man thrashing corn in a barn near by, who came tincture of pedantry or charlatanism. He united a sound out on hearing the noise of the scuffle, and, seeing one and cultivated understanding, with a lively and obliging man defending himself against numbers, gallantly took disposition ; and his humour was characterized by a de.

SIR,-On taking up your last Kaleidoscope, I read, with gipales sere obliged to’hy

. The husbandman then took gree of naïveté, seldom to be met with in men who have some interest, a letter from a fair correspondent, signed the king into the barn, brought him a towel, and water to any pretensions to wit. His description of the Liverpool Sophia. I am always pleased to see your pages adorned

at the blood from his face and hands, and finally Floating Bath, given in the genuine Lancashire dialect, with the remarks of the ladies, particularly as their obsersaked with him a little way towards Edinburgh, in case is quite a chef d'æuvre in its line. In his provincial or. vations are generally as pretty as their faces (bless them !) he should be again attacked. On the way, the King thography he did not, like too many of Tim Bobbin's I cannot, however, avoid stating my regret, that they, for asked his companion what, and who he was. The la: imitators, "outHerod Herod;" and we have been told, whom nature has done so much, should do so little, in a bat he was a bondman on the farm of Braehead, 'near by those who understand the subject, that the letter of literary way, to enlighten the dark and mysterious paths ramond, which belonged to the King of Scotland. James which we are speaking is quite equal to Collier's celebrated of life, and dispel the mists of ignorance which too freen asked the poor man if there was any wish in the “ Tummus and Meary." orld which he would particularly desire should be gra

quently envelop the minds of men. The Doctor was so affable and unaffected in his manied; and honest John confessed he should think him. ners, and so benevolent, kind, and attentive to the poor, of Liverpool and its vicinity, because, in my occasional

These observations I intend to apply only to the ladies the farm on which he wrought as a labourer. He then that, when he left Bolton, to take up his temporary re-peregrinations in society, I have very often met with ked the King, in turn, who he was; and James residence in Liverpool, preparatory to his long-meditated females endowed with minds of a superior order, and id, as usual, that he was the Goodman of Ballengiech, settlement in the United States, the event was regarded whose understanding rendered them as capable of wielding

peer man who had a small appointment about the in the neighbourhood as a most serious calamity, by all the "gray goose quill” as the soi-disant “ lords of the alace; but he added, that if John Howiesop would size to see him on the next Sunday, he would endeavour his patients in humble life, who were very numerous.

creation.”—It is time, however, to notice the griefs of your Tepay his manful assistance, and, at least, give him the

The Doctor was the very reverse of what is called a fair correspondent. Lasure of seeing the royal apartments.

man of the world ; neither was he a man of business. He Sophia solicits assistance in the removal of some blemishes John put on his best clothes, as you may suppose, and was not fond of his profession, and took very little pains on her face, which, she says, " is apt to flush and spot," wearing at a postern gate of the palace, inquired for the to conceal his dislike to it. His disinterestedness was and, at the same time, states that they give her “ much -zhe should be admitted ; and John found his friend, carried, in the opinion of his friends, to a faulty extreme, trouble and inconvenience.” Indeed, I cannot conceive Goodman, in the same disguise which he had formerly as it precluded all expectation that he could ever realize that this should be so great a source of grief to the fair th. The King, still preserving the character of an a fortune, or even a competency, for his family. One Sophia, especially when she could no more prevent these gior officer of the household, conducted John Howie circumstance, for the truth of which we can personally freaks of nature, than she could the moulding of hier own

from one apartment of the palace to another, and was vouch, will show that the auri sacra fames was not his person. She is not singular in this respect: there are a bim if he should like to see the King; to which besetting sin. A gentleman, whose family he had at many other ladies similarly situated; and, could I afford A replied, nothing would delight him so much, if he tended for several years, had for some time pressed him, her no other consolation, I would draw her attention to the I do so without giving offence. The Goodman of in vain, to make his professional charge. This invitation, old couplet, (for, notwithstanding its whimsicality, I do Tangiech, of course, undertook that the King would not which is, in general, so promptly accepted, was always think there is some truth in it,) that from the nobles who will be all abouc him ?"- parried with the remark, that it was time enough, or that

" Companions in distress asily.” replied his companion, "all the others will be the affair was a mere trifle amongst friends; and no settle. s-beaded-he King alone will wear his hat or bonnet."ment could be obtained until the Doctor's resolution to Ay, but I imagine there is something else; there is do speaking, King James introduced the countryman leave the country was finally taken, when his friend put something beside these “Aushes and spots" which causes pa great hall, which was filled by the nobility and into his hand two ten pound notes, apologizing, at the so much trouble and inconvenience" to your fair corree close to his attendant; but was still unable to dis same time, for the inadequacy of the sum. The Doctor spondent. Does she not want a numerous train of beaux iguish the King. “I told you that you should know told him it was too much by at least one half, and in. (whom I call fops) to attend upon her ? If I mistake

by his wearing his hat,” said his conductor.- sisted upon returning one of the notes, observing, that not, the want of these things is the real cause of her Then,” said John, after he had again looked around had he not been leaving the country, he should have much trouble and inconvenience.” Had she been formed room, it must be either you or me, for all but us considered himself bound to attend his friend's family, with a face as beautiful as her person, she might then have are bare-beaded."

such admirers to her heart's content. Alas! how cruel is The King laughed at John's fancy; and, that the good for the next year at least, without further charge. tan might have occasion for mirth also, he made him For some years previously to his death, Doctor Taylor fate! But complete happiness is not the portion of mor. Jesent of the farm of Braehead, which he had wished was engaged upon an original work, which he modestly tals, and it is vain for Sophia to claim exemption from hach to possess, on condition that John Howieson, or entitled a " Bold Guess at Geology," and which, had he the general rule. Recessors,

should be ready to present an ewer and lived to complete it, would, we have no doubt, have Il for the King to wash his hands, when bis Majesty thrown much additional light upon a science, which is little while, I will suggest what I conceive will prove, if

Now, if your fair correspondent will bear with me a fuld come to Holyrood Palace, or should pass the bridge famond. Accordingly, in the year 1822, when George still only in its infancy. There was a boldness and not a complete cure, at least one which will render the

came to Scotland, the descendant of John Howieson, originality in his genius, which would have surmounted flushes and spots" of comparatively trivial importance. Itaehead, who still possesses the estate which was all the obstacles which pedantry, prejudice, and a pre. My prescription is,—that she should adorn herself with

n to his ancestor, appeared at a solemn festival, and dilection for particular systems, frequently interpose every virtue that it is possible for a female to possess ; that ed his Majesty water from a silver ewer, that he

between science and truth. The introduction to his she should cultivate her mind, and lay up such a store of h perform the service by which be held his lands.

geological work appeared in the 6th and 7th volumes of useful information as would render her company always

the Kaleidoscope, and was generally admired by our fascinating; and, finally, that she should make herself Biographical Notices. readers. *

mistress of the necessary duties which she must expect to

discharge in hfe. To this prescription, I should, perhaps, Te hare, by particular desire, copied from the Mercury 88, 116.

See Kaleidoscope-Vol. VI. p. 373-Vol. VII. pp. 47, 49, 85, have added the lighter ornaments, such as music, dancing, atract from an editorial notice of the late Dr. Taylor,

&c.; but, however much I may admire them as graces, tting all those passages which relate to the political

I consider them of no importance when put in competition

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. sactions in which he bore a conspicuous part.

with the requisite qualifications, and in this opinion I

think I shall be supported by those whose opinion is of

[From the Liverpool Courier.] THE LATE DR. ROBERT TAYLOR.

any weight in the world. A lady possessing these qua

lifications would command respect, where the most luxu. Horatio, thou art e'en as just a man

riant beauty, without them, could not command attention : As e'er my conversation cop'd withal :

- they would be more durable than the beauty that fades Nay, think not that I flatter;

Cloudy.
S.S.E. Cloudy.

and withers; and throughout every period of life, they For what advancement may I hope from thee,

would form a halo around the fair possessor. That no revenue hast but thy good spirits pa Shakspeare.

Sophia seems to think that the removal of these blemishes

S.W. Stormy. would make her happy. Would it not rather make her

30 14 43 0 47 0 he late Dr. ROBERT TAYLOR, whose death was an

Barometer

at noon.

Extreme Thermo-Extreme State of
during meter 8 heat uhe Wind
Night. morning mog Day. at noou.

Remarks

at noon.

S.W.

Dec.
19 29 16
20 29 27
21 29 38
22 29 30
23 29 75
24 29 45
25

45 43 41 41 42 42

[ocr errors]

53 0
45 0
43 0
44 0
44 0
47 0

55 48 50 51 49 56 51

[ocr errors]

S.S.W. 'Fair.
N.W. Rain.
N.W. Fair.

vain ? If so, she could not be really happy; for vanity

20th,-Three, p.m. stormy; eight, p.m. heavy rain. Iced in the Mercury of November 23, was, in private

21st,-Two, p.m. stormy.

and happiness can never go hand in hand. I will, there. • most estimable man; entertaining and instructive 24th,-Rain during night ; eight, a.m. heavy rain. fore, candidly tell your fair correspondent, that, if slie

S.W.

Fair.

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