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The Philanthropist.

| year 1793, in presence of thousands of spectators east of Williamsburgh. This discovery was commun from our piers. It is supposed that nearly seventy of cat

vofl cated to the public by the venerable President of Williad

Jand Mary College, the Rev. Bishop James Madison SAFETY SHIPS, STEAM-BOATS, &c.

those on board perished.- The Royal George, if we chił.
(Continued from our last.)
recollect aright, foundered from a similar cause.

yet, we have no authentic accounts of there havil The loss of the Alert packet, and of the Comet steam- been any discoveries of a similar nature in either of d

remaining states, except Florida. Fossil remains of There never was any suggestion for the improve boat, might also be adduced as cases wherein the

might also be adduced as cases wherein the mammoth have been found in that part of Florida ment of science or morals which had not, at first, to buoyant apparatus would have prevented the cala- distinguished as the state of Louisiana. These bones encounter opposition or ridicule. We remember that mity; as none of those vessels were much injured found at the Opelousas, on the farm of M. Nerat:ad

load, or more, were disinterred. the notion of gas-lights, for any extensive utility, in the hulls, but were sunk in consequence of be

Bones of this animal have been found in many differe was once deemed a most wild speculation ; and we coming filled with water.

parts of the island of Great Britain ; as in the alluvial recollect, that when the Liverpool Floating Bath was Leaving sailing vessels, however, entirely out of around London, in the county of Northampton, at G building, many persons, and amongst them some who the question, it will hardly be denied that the appli-cester, at Trenton, near Stafford, Harwich, Norwich

the island of Shepney, in the river Medway, in Salis ought to have known better, predicted that she would cation of the buoyant principle would be most useful Plain, and in Flint

Plain, and in Flintshire in Wales, and in the north sink, as they contended that it was absolutely absurd in steam-boats, which are now almost innumerable, / land. - Jameson. )-Bones of this animal have been

up in Sweden ; and Curier conjectures that the bas to suppose that a vessel, into which three hundred and are daily increasing in number.

supposed giants, mentioned by the celebrated Bishop Pa tuns of water was to be admitted, could do otherwise We would not excite any unnecessary panic, but it

te any unnecessary panic, but it | toppidan, as having been found in Norway, are the rest than go plump to the bottom. Gas-lights, however, cannot be concealed, and must be known to almost of the fossil elephant. Torfæus mentions a head and and the Floating Bath, have both been proved to be every person, that if a steam-boat spring a leak which of this animal dug up in the island of Iceland.

In Russia in Europe, in Poland, Germany, Fran excellent things in their respective way. Aware, as cannot be overcome by the pumps, it must founder,

er | Holland, and Hungary, teeth and bones of this species we are, that all innovations must be thus subject to owing to the immense weight of the machinery; nor elephant' have been found in abundance. Humble cavil or discouragement, we are not at all surprised will it be easy to persuade us that it would not be found teeth of this animal in North and South Amer

But it is in Asiatic Russia that they occur in gree that the plan lately suggested for preventing ships most desirable to provide against such a catastrophe, |

abundance. Pallas-says, that from the Don or Tania, from foundering at sea, should have shared the com- even if attended with the sacrifice of some conve. Tchutskoin

| Tchutskoinoss, there is scarcely a river, the bank of mon fate of all useful projects. nience of accommodations for passengers, and stowage does not afford remains of the mammoth, and these

frequently imbedded in, or covered with, alluvial soil One objection raised to Mr. Watson's copper tubes, / tor goods.

taining marine productions; the bones are generally independent of the expense, is, that when a vessel is

persed, seldom occurring in complete skeletons; and lost upon a lee shore, she generally goes to pieces,

Scientific Notices.

more rarely do we find the fleshy part of the animal

served. One of the most interesting instances on record and that the copper vessels would be destroyed, or Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve the preservation of the entire carcass of this animal, sent adrift. Without making pretensions to any know- ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- by Cuvier, as taken from a report in the supplement to ledge of seamanship. we shall venture to assert. that! gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi. Journal du Nord, No. XXX, by Mr Adams, a

losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical member of the academy at St. Petersburgh; for an ang vessels constructed upon the plan recommended, would

Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History ; of which, the reader is politely referred to Mitchill's as not be so subject to this fate as ordinary ships, and Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.

of Jameson's Cuvier, p. 253." we think we can assign a very sufficient reason for

(To be continued.) the assertion.

SKETCHES OF THE ELEMENTS OF NATURAL When a ship is driven on shore, in a leaky state,

PHILOSOPHY,

filiscellanies. in a storm, the first thing the crew do is to provide Accompanied with Sketches of a New Theory of the Earth. I. for their own safety, by leaving the ship to her fate, By J. L. E. W. SHECUT.-Charleston, 1826.

THE CLUBS OF LONDON. aware, as they are, that the longer they remain on board, the greater risk they must run of being lost.

(Continued from our last.)

It is invariably our custom, when a work of Ships are, therefore, abandoned long before their

teresting and valuable character makes its appearaar timbers separate, as a hole in the bottom is a sufficient Proofs of the Universality of the Remains of Extinct the literary world, to treat our readers with a porte hint to the crews to take to the boats. •

Animals.

it, through the medium of the Kaleidoscope. The But if a vessel were fitted up with such buoyant first in North America in which the bones of the great I we, therefore, present our readers with the team

The soil of South Carolina appears to have been the of London appears to be a work of this descriptions apparatus as has been recommended, the crew would mastodon have been discovered. Mr. Catesby gives an remain on board while there was any chance of account of some relics of an animal supposed to be of the extracts: elephant species, dug up at Stono Swamp as early as the

ORIGIN OF THE BEEF-STEAK CLUB recovering her, as they would know they were safe

year 1722. And in digging the Santee Canal in the year Whilst Rich was employed in planning a pantai as long as she held together,

1795, Colonel Senf, the engineer, found several bones of his atelier (a small room in the theatre) was alm It is not violating probability to suppose, that not this animal between eight and pine feet below the surface much frequented as Canova's or Thorwaldsen's

of the earth. Again, in 1797, others of a similar kind were 1 days. Every one seemed anxious to be admitted half the ships lost at sea are actually dashed to pieces, l öiscovered, about four miles distant from the first.-(Dray- | him at bis interesting labours. as one of our contemporaries imagines. Accidents ton, Ramsay.)

Among

several men of rank and wit ; for Rich's colloquial from leaking, running foul of each other, and upset In Kentucky, at the Licks, which, from the circumstance were much relished. The celebrated Lord Peterbo ting, are sufficiently numerous to entitle any plan for

of the extraordinary pumber of bones found at different then somewhat advanced in years, Hogarth, Se

depths, fronı one foot to twenty feet below the surface, has Thornhill, &c. &c. were of the number. At these their prevention to our serious consideration.

received the name of the Big-bone Licks. Governor he never intermitted his labours, nor his strain of the We have had very little personal experience of Clarke, at the especial request of the venerable Mr. Jeffer. remark. Upon one occasion, accident having.ca storms; but we have witnessed their effects upon

on son, in 1807, caused the soil to be extensively explored, in the Earl's coach later than usual, he found Richs

which numerous remains of this animal have been detect. chat so agreeable, that he was quite unconscious our own shores, where, after violent gales of wind, 1 ed, and identified with those of the great American Mam. was two in the afternoon; when he observed we have seen the hulls of ships, which had been moth.-( Jefferson, Mitchill. )-In Indiana, bones of the pantomime spreading a cloth, then coaxing his fire abandoned. remaining entire. Such vessels might. I same animal were found in July, 1817, in the east branch a clear culinary flame, and proceeding with great go

of the White River, a stream emptying in the Wabash. In to cook his own beek-steak on his own griotola probably, have ridden out the storm had the crew We storm made me crew Pennsylvania, similar remains have been discovered near steak sent up a most inviting incense, and my Lord

P remained with the ship, which they were, however, Bedford. In New York, at Chenango, at Goshen, the re- not resist Rich's invitation to partake of it. A not likely to do, when under the apprehension of her gion watered by the Walkill ; in the county of Rockland, supply was sent for; and a bottle or two of esce foundering immediately.

30 miles north of the city of New York; and at New An- wine from a neighbouring tavern, prolonged their disa

trim, 11 miles west of the latter place, numerous bones to a late hour. But so delighted was the old Peer We think, if we could consult the requisite docu. have been found, some of the entire animal, of which the his entertainment, that, on going away, he propose ments, we should find, that half the shipwrecks one in Peale's splendid Museum at Philadelphia is an ex- nowing it, at the same place and hour, on the Salu which have taken place might have been avoided,

ample of the species of this extinct quadruped. On the following. He was punctual to his engagement by the adoption of the means we have been recom

eastern shore of Maryland, the grinder of an elephant was brought with him three or four friends, " men of wilt

dug up, which, according to Dr. Hayden, differs from the pleasure about town," as Mr. Bages would call mending. We shall just, from recollection, advert grinders both of the African and Asiatic elephants. In and so truly festive was the meeting, that it was prop to two or three instances, which appear to us to bear

the district of Columbia, the rib of a very large animal of that a Saturday's club should be held there, Full

the elephant species was dug out of the bank of the Poto. town remained full. A sumptuary law, even at this upon the subject.—'The Pelican, with a great number

mac. In Virginia, in 1811, the remains of a mammoth period of the society, restricted the bill of fare of persons on board, was upset in our river, in the were found on the bank of York River, about six miles steaks, and the beverage to port wine and puncha

the mi

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the corner stone of the Sublime Society was laid. But, Venus, Captain Thompson-or, I think it was the Eliza, | All the demons of frost, and the spirits of the storm, were he original gridiron, upon which Rich' had broiled his Captain — "" It does not matter, Mr. Linley, what the laid by the potent spell. A charm this in these northern elitary steak, being insufficient in a short time for the ship was, or who commanded her. Pray let's have the climes which needed not the aid of superstition to enforce upernumerary worshippers in the temple of Beef and epigram.” “ You shall have it presently, Mr. Moore; | it. Then comes the feast, and dance, and song-and then Liberts, the relic was enshrined as one of the tutelary and but I have not yet come to it. Well, Sir, this Captain the grave reflect of the glorious occasion; and then rejoice ousehold divinities of the club. Fortunately, it escaped Brown, of the Minerva, or Capt. Thompson, of the Ve- with mirth and gladness, and gifts, on the solemn festival be fire which consumed Covent-garden a few years since, nus, was a surly, ill-behaved fellow; and used Mr. She which commemorates“ the day that gave to man a Saviour ind now presents itself, encircled with its motto, and ridan, and my sister, very shamefully. They were detained freedom to the slave'.' uspended from the ceiling, to every eye, which can spare by contrary winds, and there was not a morsel to eat or wondering glance from the beef-steak smoking before it. I drink on board. So, Sir, Sheridan was determined that Turkish Cannon.it is singular that in our conficis Aneren of the name of Bradshaw was, at one time, a | the fellow should suffer for it ; So he wrote an epigram with barbarians, or with half disciplined troops. we gene. pember of the Beef-steak Club. He was vain of being upon him, which is the severest thing I ever saw ; it did rally sustain a heavier loss th

es with veteran ascended from the regicide of that name. He was one

for him completely.” “Ay,” said Moore, who was be- and well organized armies. Whether this arises from our 100 his favourite topic, boasting of his ancestor's ginning to be impatient—"now for the epigram." “ To

contempt of the enemy inducing us to attack them at triotisme, when Churchill exclaimed, “Ah, Bradshaw, be sure," continued Linley, “ it was the happiest hit that

greater odds, or at closer quarters, or that such foes are 't crow! The Stuarts have been amply avenged for ever was—it did not spare the fellow, I assure you.”

stimulated by the fiercer passions of untamed nature, we loss of Charles's head, for you have not had a head

Here a pause ensued, during which the reciter of the epi. I cannot determine, but the fact is well worthy of con. your family ever since.

gram was biting his lips in an apparent agony to recover | sideration. In our battles with the Americans last war.

it. “ The epigram, the epigram, Mr. Moore-why-by our loss was always beavy in the extreme. Our attack on Once, when the Fescennine license of the Beef-Steak

G-, I have forgot the epigram !" Ab was running high against poor Cobb, his dramatic

Algiers was attended with a loss of life nearly equal to ductions did not escape. “Cobb!” said Arnola,“ what

any thing we had ever sustained on board of a fleet ; and nisomer it was to call your opera the Haunted Tower.

if we include the numbers killed on board the Russian ly, there was no spirit' in it from beginning to end !”

CHRISTMAS CEREMONIES.

ships at Navarino, we shall find the total number of killed 1"exelaimed some other desperate punster, (I cannot

and wounded to be nearly as great as in any of our battles w recal who it was, “but Cobb gave one of his pieces

(From an American paper.)

last war. With respect to the Turks, this may arise from e most appropriate title possible, by calling it Ramah

the extremely heavy cannon which they generally use. In rig; for it was literally ramming a drug down the

" England was merry England, when

our ships, and, we believe, in our batteries, we seldom bie throat"_" True," rejoined Cobb; “but it was a

Old Christmas brought her sports again.

use a heavier gun than a 32-pounder. No man-of-war so that evinced considerable power, for it operated on

'Twas Christmas broach'd the mightiest ale;

carries any cannon of a larger calibre, but the Turks publie twenty rights in succession."-"My good

'Twas Christmas told the merriest tale:

make use of even 800-pounders. When Sir John Duckad said Arnold, triumphantly," that was a proof of

A Christmas gambol oft would cheer

worth passed the Dardanelles to attack Constantinople, seakness, if it took so long in working.”_"Arnold,

A poor man's heart through half the year."

in 1807, his fleet was dreadfully shattered by these im. are right," retorted Cobb; “in that respect, your

-
Scott.

mense shot. The Royal George (of 110 guns) was nearly Arnold had brought out a play which did not sur At the present season, it may not be uninteresting to the

sunk by only one shot, which carried away her cutthe first night)“ had the advantage of mine; that

water; another cut the maiamast of the Windsor Castle reader to trace the origin of customs, where the primary 50 powerful a drug, that it was thrown up as soon as

nearly in two; a shot knocked two ports of the Thunderer motive has ceased to operate. The practice of decorating was taken !” .

08 into one; the Repulse (74) had her wheel shot away, and

churches and apartments with evergreens at Christmas, is Or you would laugh to see the junior member of the supposed by many to allude to the people's strewing

24 men killed and wounded by a single shot, nor was the Steak Club emerging from the cellar, with half a branches in the way of the Saviour when he entered Jeru.

ship saved but by the most wonderful exertions. One of bottles in a basket! I have seen Brougham em- salem: by others, to the taste of the monastics, in the

those guns was cast in brass, in the reign of Amurat ; it Id in this honourable diplomacy, and executing it early periods of the church, who hung their altars with

was composed of two parts, joined by a screw at the the correctness of a butler. The Duke of Leinster, in ivy and laurel, emblems of devotion and triumph, to en

chamber, its breach resting against a massy stonework : murs, took the same duty. With regard to Brougham, hance the grandeur and solemnity of their rites."

the difficulty of charging it would not allow its being LN sight, pou would not set him down as having a But the practice of ornamenting places of worship with

fired more than once; but, as a Pacha once said, that

single discharge would destroy almost the whole fleet of an Ital and prompt alacrity for the style of humour that evergreens, springs from an earlier date. The Druids als amongst us. But Brougham is an excellent decked their houses and places of worship with evergreens

enemy. The Baron de Tott, to the great terror of the bet, and it is a remarkable instance of the peculiar in December, that the Sylvan spirits might repair to them,

Turks, resolved to fire this gun. The shot weighed luences of this peculiar society on the human character. and remain unhurt by the frosts and storms of the chil.

| 1,100lb., and he loaded it with 330lb. of powder. He It took bím just as the schools of philosophy, the bar, ling season. On the accession of Christianity, councils of

says,-“I felt a shock like an earthquake, at the dissenate, had made him. Literary, forensic, and par. the church forbade Christians to decorate their houses with

tance of eight hundred fathoms. I saw the ball divide sentary babits are most intractable materials, you will bay or holly, but afterwards permitted it, in order to ac

into three pieces, and these fragments of a rock crossed the to make a member of the Beef-Steaks. Yet no mancommodate its ceremonies to the old mythology in such

Strait, and rebounded on the mountain.”—The heaviest imbibed more of its spirit, and he enters into its occa- things as were not fundamental. An ancient writer says,

shot which struck our ships was of granite, and weighed Fal gladiatorship with the greatest glee. I believe him

1 says: 800lb., and was two feet two inches in diameter. One of

that trimming of the temples with hangynges of flowers, Ce a post sincere and benevolent being. As a public boughes, and garlondes, was taken of the heathen people, the whole larboard bow of the Active; and having thus

those huge shot, to the astonishment of our tars, stove in he is sometines betrayed into acrimony ; but it is whiche decked their idoles and houses with suche arraye.” a he is thwarted by mean impediments, or teazed with

crushed this immense mass of solid timber, the shot rolled

in the earliest ages the missletoe was held pre-eminent 1. TÖvelling exceptions.-But who would fetter, by for such uses over every other plant or tree. The Druids

I ponderously aft, and brought up abreast the main batche rules, the generous impulses of our nature, or bind venerated it for its mystical origin. Growing, as it does,

way, the crew standing aghast at the singular spectacle. innoble enthusiasm to its good behaviour ?-Brougham upon oak, without resembling it, they deemed it a miracumuestionably a great man. How sublime was his lous production, and believed it to be possessed of charms de the other night, how lofty and commanding his and defences against evil. It was cut by them from the

Tide Table. Pation, when he rebuked Hume for putting his pounds, tree with great ceremony. The Prince of the Druids aslings, aad pence, into the scale against the honour and cended the oak, cut the misletoe, with a golden sickle, in Days. Morn. Even. Height. Festivais, &c. of a nation, whose honour and faith have ever been the presence of all the people, and then presented it to the

h.m.h.m. ft. in.

(First Quarter. olwarks of her greatness! and well did that rebuke other Druids, who received it with great reverence, and Tuesday ..25 4 11 4 31 15 2 Christmas Day. Moon's

rate the immeasurable distance between the moral distributed it as a sacred talisman and blessing for the new Wednesday 26 5 3 5 36 13 10 St. Stephen. Factions of an enlarged policy, and the paltry calcula- year. It was, however, at length banished from the

Thursday..27 6 11 6 49'13 2 St. John.

Friday ....281 7 24 7 58'12 11 Innocents. of vulgar arithmetic. OS churches, because it was held sacred by the heathen, and

Saturday..29 8 30 8 57 13 2 Tom Moore once applied to Linley for some particulars might, therefore, mislead Christian worshippers to a pro Sunday....301 9 23 9 46 13 10 1st Sund. after Christmas Pecting Mr. Sheridan, whose life he was then writing. fane respect for it, or to believe, as the Druidical rights Monday .. 31/10 810 28 14 7 Silvester.

Tuesday .. 1110 48 11 4 15 5 Circumcision. Ah! Mr. Moore,” said he, as soon as the purpose of had taught them, " that it had power of proclaiming par. visit was opened, “ I am exceedingly happy to find don and freedom to all wickede people towardes the four you have undertaken the task of writing the life of quarteres of heavene."

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. brother-in-law, Mr. Sheridan. I say my brother-in. The mince pie and the Christmas pie, those “ favourite (Will is minutely circumstantial in narration,) " for peculiars" of the Christmas festival, had also their appro

[From the Liverpool Courier.] toy that he married my sister.” “I comprehend priate derivation. The former, being a compound of the Derfectly,” said the other. “Oh, Mr. Moore, I must choicest productions of the east, represents the offerings

during meter & heatdo- fibe Wind

Night. mosaing frog Day. at noon. 1
Elell you an admirable epigram written by Sheridan, made by the wise men, who came from afar to worship,
a after his marriage, whilst it is fresh in my recollection. bringing spices. The coffin shape of the truc old English

Dec.
Esso poignant, and so witty, that I would not have you Christmas pie, “in imitation of the manger" where the 12 29 27

E.S.E. Fair.

1329 36 infant Jesus was laid. “This pastry is a learned compo

W. Et it on any account.”

Fair. “Now, then, let me have it,"|

14 28 16

N.W. Rain. Laimed the biographer, taking out his note-book. "Isition, being a mixture of meats, tongue, chickens, eggs,

acus, 580: 15 | 29 30 43 0 46 01 520 /W.S.W. Stormy. I give it you presently, Mr. Moore ;-but I must first sugar, raisins, lemon and orange-peel, with wines, and 16 29 5043 044

W. Stormy. ention the circumstance in which it originated, that you various kinds of spiceries,”

17 | 29 8040 0

510 s.w. Fair.

18 1 29 57 42 01 The mention of the “Christmas log" will kindle the

0 enter completely into its spirit.

49 01 S.W. Fair. Why, you must DW, Mr. Moore, that Mr. Sheridan, just after his mar- | feelings of every New Englander, as another well known

13th,-Eight, p.m. rain: ten, a.m. rain. eze, was determined to take a trip to the Continent with feature of this joyous festival. It was in Old England the

14th,-Very stormy during night.

15th,-Eight, a.m. heavy rain. wife, my sister. For this purpose, they took a small great indispensible, to have a “ huge heaped-up, over

16th-Rain during night; nine, a.m. rain. ssel at Harwich, which was bound to Rotterdam. It heaped-up, all-attacting fire,” and the larger the log, the

17th,-Very stormy during night. the Minerva, Captain Brown-stop, stop, it was the merrier the defiance which was given to the cold without.

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The Beauties of Chess.

(From the Register of Arts and Sciences.)

ON THE AREAS OF CIRCLES.

Ludimus effigiem belli.-VIDA.

Antiquities.
We have much pleasure in publishing the subjoined
.communication, and we hope that some of our antiquarian
correspondents will favour us with their speculations on
the subject.

SOLUTION TO STUDY CLXI.
WHITE.

BLACK, 1 Castle ......G_7X

1 King ......H-8 2 Castle ...... H-7X

2 King ......G_8 3 Bishop ...D-4

8 Castle ......F-6X 4 Bishop......P-6

4 Knight ...E-5X 5 Bishop...... E-5

5 King ......F-8 6 King ......F-6

6 King ......G-80r (a) 7 Castle ......G-7X 7 King ......H-80r (0) 8 King ......G_6 , 8 Pawn......D-1 9 Castle ......H-7X

becomes a Queen. 10 Castle ......H_8X MATE. 9 King ......G_8 (a) If the black should move his King to E8, white must move his King to E 6, and black cannot avoid being checkmated the next move.

(b) If the black move King to F 8, white must check with Bishop at D 6, and then move the King to E 6.

TO THE EDITOR. SIR,-Perhaps the following remarks on the Are Circles may not be unworthy the notice of some of numerous readers. The area of a circle, of one-eight an inch in diameter, is about .012271846303085. This Area, or any other, call A

To which add A

And A X2 inch diameter.

.......A X Od

A X3

AX iguak ....A X00

Ax51 Constant

A X21 moitas

....A XOd

A X7 AX!

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STUDY CLXIII. White to win with the Pawn in eleven moves; the black to have at least one piece when checkmated.

Black.

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10

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0

1 ...,A X00

A X 15

A X 11 ...... A XO of 9

and so on contingalis he area of a circle, one inch in diameter,

being •78539816389744 deciminal of an indd divide it by 144, or

what is the same, by 12).065449846949786 C D E F G H

. and by 12).005454153919482 will be

decimal of a foot-This call A, and proceed as aber WHITE.

the area of a circle of one foot in diameter, and obert TO THE EDITOR.

creasing by one inch each. By these notations it may BIR, send you the following brief description of some observed that the primitive circle is preserved in 2 Correspondence. found at Roseberry Topping in the North Riding mation of every succeeding circle, and does away the

cessity of coining names for the fuently and consta

ingcreasing quantities. I am your most obedient Serie
to quarry freestone, at Roseberry Topping, found some
CHESS.

ancient relics, (of which drawings are annexed,) in a chink
TO THE EDITOR
of the rock, into which they had probably fallen by acci-

To Correspondents. SIR,-In reply to a correspondent, on a question on

dent. No. 1 to 9 are composed of copper, with a mixture chess, in your last Tuesday's (Dec. 18) Kaleidoscope, you of white metal, and are very hard. When found, there | A Clown will not, we trust, suppose we mean to quote the following posage from Philidor :-“ Any pawn were remains of decayed wood in the sockets of some of

him. His verses shall, most assuredly, appear 1

They were mislaid; but we have found them, and has the privilege of advancing two squares at its first them. No. 8 is a fragment, and No. 9 a case or mould, I.

lose sight of them again. move. but in this case, it may, in passing, be taken by in which No. I appears to have been cast. No. 10 is al we cannot find the mannscript of C. A.. but we any pawn, which might have taken it, if it had been piece of carved stone, (a species of iron sandstone, which relax our efforts during the week; and if we do not to pushed but one square.” Permit me, Sir, to ask you, gives sparks when struck with a steel.) I have not suffi. it in time for our next publication, we will readily for my information :-Supposing a white pawn to have cient antiquarian knowledge to enable me even to guess the postage from Hereford, if our correspondent wit made its first move (two squares,) but previously to having at the uses to which they were intended-whether as mili..

us with a second copy. moved, was liable to be taken by a black pawon, in what tary weapons, instruments of sacrifice, or masons' tools;

MELROSE ABBEY.—The trip of Eupolis shall appear in our

publication. way (supposing the white to have MADE its move ) is the but I shall be glad to hear the opinion of some of your

Tho Sallor's Funeral, by J. G. R. Is reserved for next For black pawn to take it? for, supposing the white to have more learned readers. Young, in his History of Whitby,

BAGATELLES-If our correspondent Adolescens has & completed the move (two squares,) it would necessarily be supposes an ancient British town to have existed at the

our third volume, and will turn to pages 200 a one square beyond the black pawn, by which, previously to foot of Roseberry Topping. The articles are now in the will find a little engraving, which explains the man its move, it was liable to be taken.- If, Sir, you understand possession of Mr. George Nicholson, at Eaglescliff, near which five shillings or sixpences may be so place me, I shall feel obliged by your answer.-I am, your very Yarm, Yorkshire.

R. M. shall all be in contact. It is an excellent little problem obedient servant,

Inconnu's communication is of too political a esst for H.

Tom Moore, Lord Strangford, and Lady Caroline Lamb. | Kaleidoscope.

- Most of our readers may remember that, a few years The letter of T. R. of Alnwick shall be introduced in our The following answer to our correspondent's query will, ago, it was very currently reported that Lady Caroline Sophia is respectfully informed that we have rece we trust, be intelligible --Suppose the black to have ad- | Lamb had, in a moment of passion, struck down one of answer to her query, which we shall publish next we vanced his pawn to E 4, and the white moves his pawn

her pages with a stool. When Tom Moore was told of It is from Theon, whose prescription is very rationen from F2 to P 4; the black may permit it to remain on this

this by Lord Strangford, he said, “Oh, nothing is more likely to prove successful.

natural for a literary lady than to double doron a page." square, or take it in its passage, by placing his pawb upon I would rather," 'replied his Lordship, " advise Lady Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by B. Caroline to turn over a new leaf.

and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-street.

may be so placed that

have received

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evening.

lo

The Traveller.

the impenetrable darkness of the more retiring parts; , of the tracery. It does, indeed, amply verify Sir
but there was a flood of golden radiance, which Walter Scott's description:
emanated from the setting sun, and shone through

“Spreading herbs and flowerets bright,
IELROSE ABBEY AND THE EILDON HILLS.
the Gothic windows, or illuminated the higher parts

Glistened with the dew of night;

Nor herb, nor floweret glistened there, of the building with an effulgence which amply * If thou wouldst view fair Melrose right,

But was carved in the cloister arches as fair." Go visit it by the pale moonlight,

compensated for the absence of the “ Queen of the After spending a considerable time in this fasci. For the gay beams of lightsome day

starry night.” It had, moreover, the advantage that nating spot, we adjourned to the house of the guide, Gild, but to fout, the ruins gray-"-Scott.

we were able to observe and examine the most mi- who was a very intelligent man, and seemed well ac

nute beauties, which, in the other case, would have quainted with all the local traditions. He had drawn TO THE EDITOR

been concealed from us. To see Melrose Abbey in and etched many different views of the Abbey, and . Who has perused the works of the celebrated its most picturesque point of view, visit it

was busily engaged in fitting up a room with casts of thor of my motto, and not eagerly desired to behold

" When the broken arches are black in night,

the most remarkable pieces of sculpture. We asked Sreality of that magnificent scene which he has so And each sbafted oriel glimmers white;

him if he had been brought up to the arts—but althfully, so beautifully described? Who has not When the eold light's uncertain shower

Streams on the ruined central tower;

though the question was more than once repeated, he ged to behold the shafted oriels, and the ivy

When buttress and buttress alternately

always contrived to evade it. This led us, afterwards, ptied towers of the once fair abbey of Melrose, Seem framed of ebon and ivory;" .

to make some inquiry concerning him, and then the lich the pens of a hundred authors, the pencils of but to see it as a traveller ought to see it; to be able mystery of his reserve was unravelled—he had been kindred artists, have combined to depict as the

to examine its minor beauties; to view it with an brought up a tailor. He foolishly considered that as a and central point of British architectural beauty,

antiquarian eye, and, at the same time, to admire disgrace which should have been his proudest boast, the noblest remnant of monastic splendour, and

the solemn loveliness of the scene,-visit it when it that he had raised himself, by his industry and genius, e finest specimen of modern ruins ? What a field lie.

is enlightened by the last rays of a cloudless sum- to a more intellectual employment than the one he there presented for the antiquarian to pursue his

mer's sun, and when the brilliance of day has, in had originally followed. searches amongst the mouldering arches and dila- some measure, yielded to the more sober tints of The next morning I resolved to attempt the ascent dated colurns, beneath whose bases repose the

of the Eildon Hills; and, accordingly, set out alone hes of the great and noble,—the haughty abbots, The first object which attracted our attention on before breakfast, and passing over a small burn, by

anciently exercised almost unlimited sway entering was an uncouth figure of stone kneeling at means of a piece of slender lattice-work, serving for thin these very walls, and some of Scotland's the head of a tomb, which, by a reference to our a bridge, I entered into a thick wood, and soon araptered kings!

cicerone, we learned, marked the burial-place of the rived at a small green patch of open ground, but I was with feelings similar to these that I ap- far-famed warlock, Michael Scott. We then passed surrounded by trees. Crossing this hastily, and mehed the village of Melrose, at the close of a on to the high altar, which now has little to attract plunging again into the wood, I soon found myself for day, just as the breeze of evening was begin-notice, since, stripped of all its magnificent embellish on some arable land on the side of the mountain, over le to dispel the unpleasant, oppressive heat, to ments, it presents nothing to the spectator but damp which there was a footpath leading upwards. After ich I had been exposed as I sauntered slowly along mouldering walls. All along this side of the build. leaving the fields I came to where one loses sight of unshaded path, under the scorching beams of a ing runs a series of aisles, separated by walls, in which all tracks up the mountain-and here I paused awhile tidian sun. On my left, the river Tweed wound are one or two small apertures, sufficiently large, how to survey the beautiful scene behind me, for it was, Ently through the rich and fertile plain, whilst my ever, for the body of a man to pass through. These indeed, one of the most lovely I ever beheld. In the

on the right, was bounded by the three peaks of are, or rather were, distinguished by different names, | distance I had a view of Dryburgh, with its ruined Eildon Hills. Before me lay Melrose, in all its and the last is called the Silverless Aisle. The object Abbey and its enchanting variety of wood and water; duty, with its venerable abbey just appearing above of this arrangement was, that penitents had to pass nearer to me, and at the foot of the hill, lay Melrose, b trees, and behind lay numerous gentlemen's through the apertures in succession, giving a contri. / with its gray ruins illuminated by the beams of the Titsand amongst the rest, Abbotsford, the princely bution at each; so that the last one, either from the rising sun; and on the other side of the Tweed was Insion of Sir Walter Scott.

individual giving up all he had remaining, or else the village of Gattonside, which appeared like a vast had one companion, and on our arrival at the from his having generally little or nothing to give, orchard, laden with fruit-and, occasionally, a little lase oar party was augmented by another indi- received its appropriate title. But I shall not at- whitewashed cottage, just peeping from amongst the lual. After taking some refreshment, our trio set tempt to enter on a description of this magnificent trees. t for the abbey, and were admitted by the person ruin, though I cannot forbear alluding to the beau-| My path had hitherto been comparatively easy, but ho usually sbows it to strangers. We entered at a tiful sculpture in the cloisters. There is a narrow now it became much more difficult: my progress was Ity gateway, and high as our expectations had border, running all round, divided into square com- continually interrupted by bushes of furze, and I freen raised, they were not disappointed, but greatly partments, and in each of these are carved a trefoil, a quently encountered extensive beds of loose stones, rpassed. Though we did not see it by moonlight, quatrefoil, scallop shells, or some similar ornament; which, sliding from under me as I advanced, caused t we saw it at a time which I should imagine to and though there are hundreds, I may almost say me much inconvenience. Often was I carried several spass the most lovely night view. There were not, thousands, of these divisions, yet there are no two feet downwards by this treacherous footing, and as is true, the strong contrast of light and shade, the patterns alike, and so exquisite is the workmanship, often I re-ascended, till, at length, having surmounted hvery refulgence of the projecting buttresses, and that straws may be easily interlaced with the figures every obstacle which opposed my course, I triumph

antly stood on the summit of the highest of the , rated the vessels. Hardly could the damaged galleys though at the expense of his love. By his efforts a

sustain the fury of the tempest. Eildon Hills. Tradition says, that these three cones

The pirate, in the mean-was the unfortunate victim protected against the arbiu

time, had disappeared, and the distressed state of the proceedings of the rest of the family. But his endersi were anciently united in one, and that they were rent other vessels obliged them to land at Malta. The af. were not finally successful. Every victory he gained i asunder at the command of Michael Scott, by a demon fliction of the family was beyond all bounds. The dis. his passion, rendered him more worthy of Antonia: whom he was obliged to keep constantly employed. hemocollired Loon nonstonttó emploved tracted old Marquis tore off his gray hairs in the utmost the disinterestedness with which he refused her, left

| violence of grief; and the life of the young Countess was without an apology for resistance. That they have been separated by some convulsion despaired of. Five years were consumed, after this event, “ Thus were affairs situated when the Chevalies of nature, is, I think, extremely probable; the more in fruitless inquiries. Diligent search was made along gaged me to visit him at his father's villa. The ean so, since there are evident traces of volcanic origin, all the coast of Barbary; immense sums were offered for recommendation of my patron procured me a recen

the ransom of the young Marquis, but no person claimed which exceeded my most sanguine wishes. I must There is, on one of the Alps, a small lake, which has it. The only probable conjecture which remained for the forget to mention, that, by some remarkable operation hitherto never been fathomed, and is, possibly, an old family to form, was, that the same storm which had sepa- had previously rendered my name famous in differ

crater. This circumstance, together with the abun-rated the galleys from the pirate, had destroyed the latter, I lodges of free-masons. This circunstance, perhaps, . dance of volcanic products, leave, I think, no doubt

Joht and that the whole ship's company had perished in the have contributed to strengthen the old Marquis's a waves.

fidence in me, and to heighten his expectations. Il of its being an extinguished volcano-though I do “But this supposition, however probable, as it did not you will excuse me from describing, particularly, not remember that any of our national annals record by any means amount to a certainty, could not authorize lengths I went with him, or the means which I et

the family to renounce the hope that the absent Jeronymo You may form some judgment of them from whale its operation.

might again appear. In case, however, that he did not, before confessed to you. Profiting by the mystic be

r's name must be suffered to perish, or the which I found in his very extensive library, I was commenced my descent, which I performed without youngest son must relinquish the church, and enter into able to speak to him in his own language, and to si difficulty, and very soon arrived again at the village the rights of the eldest. Justice seemed to oppose the my system of the invisible world with the most ents

latter measure; and, on the other hand, the necessity of dinary inventions. The Marquis was very devout, of Melrose.

EUPOLIS.

preserving the family from annihilation, required that the had acquired, in the school of religion, a facility of bek, scruple should not be carried too far. In the meantime, He was, therefore, with so little difficulty induced

grief, and the infirmities of age, were bringing the Mar. credit the fables I taught him, that, in a short time, The Bouquet.

quis quickly to the grave. Every unsuccessful attempt di- would have believed the secret commerce of philosoph minished the hope of finding his lost son.

and sylphs, as implicitly as any article of the can " I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have

"I

4 H

“He saw that his name might be perpetuated by acting At length I entangled him so completely in mystery, drought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them."

with a little injustice, in consenting to favour his younger he would no longer believe any thing that was nature

son, at the expense of the elder. The fulfilment of his In short, I became the adored apostle of the house. THE GHOST SEER.

agreement with Count C- required only the change of usual subject of my lectures was the exaltation di

a name; for the object of the two families was equally man nature, and the intercourse of men with sopa Translated and abridged from the German of the cele. accomplished, whether Antonia became the wife of Lo- beings : the infallible Count Gabalis was my en

renzo or of Jeronymo. The faint probability of the lat. Antonia, whose mind, since the loss of her lover, bade brated Schiller.

ter's appearing again weighed but little against the certain more occupied in the world of spirits than in that of testo

and pressing danger of the total extinction of the family, and who had a strong tincture of melancholy in here (Continued from our last.)

and ihe old Marquis, who felt the approach of death every position, caught every hint I gave her with a fearfulsi

day more and more, ardently wished to die free, at least, faction. Even the servants contrived to have some i “ The affair was as follows: from this inquietude.

ness in the room when I was speaking, and seizing "Lorenzo, being the youngest son of the Marquis, had “ Lorenzo alone, who was to be principally benefited and then one of my expressions, joined the fragments been destined for the church. The family estates were to by this measure, opposed it with the greatest obstinacy.gether in their own way. devolve to the eldest. Jeronymo, which was the name of He resisted, with equal firmness, the allurements of an im- “Two months were passed in this manner at the des the latter, had spent many years on his travels, and had mense fortune, and the attractions of a beautiful and quis's villa, when the Chevalier one morning and ET returned to his country about seven years prior to the accomplished object, ready to be delivered into his arms. apartment. His features were altered, and a deep event which I am about to relate, in order to celebrate his He refused, on principles the inost generous and con- was painted on his countenance. He threw lied marriage with the only daughter of a neighbouring Count. scientious, to invade the rights of a brother, who, for any a chair, with every symptom of despair. This marriage had been determined on by the parents thing he knew, might himself be in a capacity to resume ". It is all over with me,' said he, I must begun during the infancy of the children, in order to unite the them. Is not the lot of my dear Jeronymo,' said he, cannot support it any longer.' very large fortunes of the two houses. But, though this · made sufficiently miserable by the horrors of a long cap. "• What is the matter with you, Chevalier ? WIRE agreement was made by the two families, without con- tivity, without the aggravation of being deprived, for ever, befallen you ? sulting the hearts of the parties concerned, the latter had of all that he holds most dear? With what conscience " Oh! this terrible passion !' said he, starting from mutually engaged their faith in secret. Jeronymo del could I supplicate Heaven for his return when his wife was chair, I have combatted it like a man; I can resist M a nd Antonia C-- had always been brought up in my arms? With what countenance could I meet him, longer.'

together, and the little constraint imposed on two children, if, at last, he should be restored to us by a miracle? And ". And whose fault is it but yours, my dear Cher whom their parents were already accustomed to regard as even supposing that he is torn from us for ever, can we Are they not all in your favour? Your father? united, soon produced between them a connexion of the better honour his memory than by keeping constantly relations? tenderest kind. The congeniality of their tempers ce open the chasm which his death has caused in our circle . ".My father, my relations! What are they took mented this intimacy; and, in riper years, it matured in Can we better show our respect to him than by sacrificing want not a union of force, but of inclination. Har sensibly into love. An absence of four years, far from our dearest hopes upon his tomb, and keeping untouched, I a rival? Alas! what a rival! Perbaps a deal cooling this passion, had only served to inflame it; and as a sacred deposit, what was peculiarly his own ?

Oh! let me go. Let me go to the end of the work Jeronymo returned to the arms of his intended bride, as “ But these arguments of fraternal delicacy could not must find my brother.' faithful and as ardent as if they had never been separated. reconcile the old Marquis to the idea of being obliged to “ What! after so many unsuccessful attempos

"The raptures of this re-union had not yet subsided, witness the decay of a tree, which nine centuries had be- you still any hope ? and the preparations for the happy day were advancing held flourishing.' All that Lorenzo could obtain was a ". Hope! Alas, no! It has long since vanista ' with the utmost zeal and activity, when Jeronymo dis- delay of two years. During this period they continued heart, but it has not in hers. Of what consequeen appeared. He used frequently to pass the afternoon in their inquiries with the utmost diligence. Lorenzo him- my sentiments? Can I be happy while there are a summer-house, which commanded a prospect of the sea; self made several voyages, and exposed his person to many gleam of hope in Antonia's heart? Two words, and was accustomed to take the diversion of sailing on the dangers. No trouble, no expense was spared to recover would end my torments. But it is in vain. water. One day, when he was at his favourite retire- the lost Jeronymo. These two years, however, like those must continue to be miserable, till eternity shal ment, it was observed that he remained a much longer which preceded them, were consumed in vain."

| long silence, and the grave shall speak in my beballa time than usual without returning, and his friends began " And Antonia ?" said the Prince. “ You tell us no- ! ". Is it then a state of certainty that would terus to be very uneasy on his account. Boats were despatched thing of her. Could she so calmly submit to her fate? | happy ? after him. Vessels were sent to sea in quest of him; no I cannot suppose it."

" Happy! Alas! I doubt whether I shall erer A3 ) person had seen him. None of his servants could have " Antonia," answered the Sicilian, “ experienced the be happy. But uncertainty is, of all others, attended him, for none of them were absent. Night | most violent struggle between duty and inclination, be- dreadful pain.' came on, and he did not appear. The next morning tween dislike and admiration. The disinterested gene- “After a short interval of silence, he continued dawned; the day passed, the evening succeeded ;-Je- rosity of a brother affected her. She felt herself forced to emotion less violent,- If he could but see my ronymo came not. Already they had begun to give esteem a person whom she could never love. Her heart, Surely a constancy which renders his brothe themselves up to the most melancholy conjectures, when torn by contrary sentiments, felt the bitterest distress. cannot add to his happiness. Can it be just, tu the news arrived that an Algerine pirate had landed the But her repugnance to the Chevalier seemed to increase, in should suffer so much for the sake of the preceding day on that coast, and carried off several of the the same degree as his claims upon her esteem augmented. should fruitlessly pine for an object which inhabitants. Two galleys, ready equipped, were imme- Lorenzo perceived, with heartfelt sorrow, the sacred griet no longer enjoy? If he knew the pangs sus diately ordered to sea. The old Marquis himself em.) that consumed ber youth. A tender compassion insensibly concealing his face, while the tears streamed to me barked in one of them, to attempt the deliverance of his assumed the place of that indifference, with which, till . yes, perhaps, he himself would conduct her! son, at the peril of his own life. On the third day they then, he had been accustomed to consider her; but this “. But is there no possibility of gratifying perceived the corsair. The wind was favourable; they treacherous sentiment quickly deceived him, and an un. “He started.- What do you say, my were just about to overtake bim, and had even approached governable passion began, by degrees, to shake the steadi. " Less important occasions than the present, him so near that Lorenzo, who was in one of the galleys, ness of his virtue: a virtue which, till then, had been fancied he saw, upon the deck of the adversary's ship, a unequalled.

. A mystical work of that title. written in Freak signal made by his brother; when a sudden storm sepa. "He, however, still obeyed the dictates of generosity, I middle of the seventeenth century, by the AM

the

be continued, with

see my tormente

$ brother miserabe Can it be just, that the liste

sake of the dead; that

for an object which Jeronymo

the pangs I suffer,' said 14

reamed from his eyes id conduct her to my arms

gratifying your wishes! say, my friend?

be present,' said

written in French in the ury, by the Asbe de 'Wars

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