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Poetry.

THE DEAD BIRD.

Thou hast bidden farewell to the dark waving woods,

And the glens and gay meadows so fair;
Thou hast ta'en thy farewell of the flower-circled floods,

And thy home, gentle tenant of air.
Thou hast gone ere thy wing bad essayed its young flight,

To the heavens above thee so blue;
Thou hast mingled, unconscious, with chaos and night,

Or ere the dread hurricane blew.
Thou hast fled ere rude winter relentless proclaim'd

Despotic, his death-boding reign;
Ere no longer the sun from his chariot bright flam'd,

Or the snow-wreath pale gleamed on the plain.
Thou art gone, and her lost one the parent-bird mourns,

As lamenting she wildly flits round;
All lonely, and hoping, despairing, by turns,

If her wanderer yet may be found.
Oh, happy! thrice happy! she dreams not again,

Her lov'd offspring she may not see more ;
What knows she of death, or the half-frenzied brain,

Or the wounds that no leech can restore?
Fond parent-bird, envied amid thy despair,

For thee short the empire of grief;
For thee shall again the white-thorn blossom fair,

For thee the glad morn bring relief.
Not so the heart human, when prone on the sod,

The mourner unceasing deplores;
It knows the pure spirit has passed to its God,

But its peace no glad morrow restores.
It is wedded to grief, the companion of woe,

It shall throb at the call of joy never ;
Darkly, and chill'd, must its current aye flow,
It is lost to repose, and for ever.

Liverpool

The eager pack, from couples freed,

The Kaleidoscope.
Dash through the bush, the briar, the brake;
While, answering hound, and horn, and steed,

SWIMMING AND DRIFTING FROM LIVERPOOL TO
The mountain-echoes startling wake.

RUNCORN.
The beam of God's own hallowed day
Had painted yonder spire with gold ;

(Continued from our last.)
And, calling sinful man to pray,

Since our last publication we have been favoured wit Loud, long, and deep the bell had toll'd.

the following memoranda, made during Dr. Bedale's tri But still Earl Walter onward rides,

by a gentleman who accompanied him in a boat. The “Halloo! halloo ! and hark again !”.

appear to be written with fairness, and they tend to bear t Lo! spurring from opposing sides,

out in what we have said respecting the Doctor's actu Two stranger horsemen join the train.

smimming, as the writer informs us that the Doctor “ pri Who was each stranger, left and right,

ceeded on at the rate of six miles in the hour, withou Well may I guess, but dare not tell;

any appearance of fatigue or GREAT MUSCULAR EXEI

Tion."
The right-hand steed was silver white,
The left the swarthy hue of hell.

Minutes of a Feat of Swimming between Liverpool as
The right-hand horseman, young and fair,

Runcorn, by Dr. Bedale, of Manchester, on the 10th
His smile was like the morn of May ;

July, 1827.
The left, from eye of lawny glare,

At a quarter before eight o'clock in the morning he en
Shot midnight lightning's lurid ray.

tered a boat off the George's Dock Parade, accompanie

by Mr. Robert Rowland, of St. Asaph, Mr. John Ga He waved his huntsman's horn on high,

ham, of Manchester, and Mr. Smith, of Heaton Norris Cried " Welcome! welcome! noble Lord! plunged into the water at half past eight, having bee What sport can earth, or sea, or sky,

previously covered with a composition of oil, &c. and hold To match the princely chase afford !”

ing a small flag in his hand ; the weather rather cold so

gloomy, with a little wind, which in a small degre “ Cease thy loud bugle's clanging knell !”

checked the hopes of the Doctor of final success. Cried the fair youth with silver voice ;

twenty minutes, a stimulant, composed of wine and brand “ And for devotion's choral swell,

was given by means of a bottle, tied to a cane about te

feet in length. Passed the lazarettos, near three miles, Exchange the rude discordant noise.

284 minutes; and the snuff mill, near Garston, in exer

lent spirits, in 50. “To-day the ill-omened chase forbear;

Again took refreshment, and cleared six miles in or Yon bell yet summons to the fane;

hour. Passed Garston Dock and Eastham Ferry, abo To-day the warning spirit hear,

seven miles, in one hour and ten minutes. The Doct To-morrow thou mayest mourn in vain."

again gained great confidence. In one hour and thirt

seven minutes opposite Speke Woods. Being about his “ Away, and sweep the glades along !”

way, the Doctor expressed full confidence of final succes The sable hunter hoarse replies ;

and cheered, waving his hands out of the water. Pass “ To muttering monks leave matin song,

the Dungeon Salt Works, about thirteen miles, in ti And bells, and books, and mysteries."

hours ten minutes, still proceeding on at the rate of !

miles per hour, without any appearance of fatigue ! Earl Walter spurred his ardent steed,

great muscular exertion. The weather had cleared i

and become hot.
And launching forward with a bound,
“ Who for the drowsy priest-like ride,

Passed Ince Hall in two hours and twenty-two minute

and gained, for the first time, the sight of Runcorn, # Would leave the jovial horn and hound ?

Duke's warehouse being the object seen. The Doct “No! pious fool, I scorn thy lore ;

again cheered, and cried ** The day's our own." Let him who ne'er the chase durst prove

Overtaken by the Eclipse steam-packet in two hou

and thirty minutes; the deck was crowded with passe Go join with thee the droning choir,

gers, who seemed surprised and pleased at what And leave me to the sport I love."

already been done, and after having accompanied !

Doctor a little way, gave three cheers, and proceed Fast, fast, Earl Walter onward rides

on its course. The Doctor answered them, and aga O'er moss and moor, o'er hole and hill;

took refreshment. In two hours and forty-five minta And onward fast, on either side,

the Bridgewater steamer passed, when similar proceedin The stranger horsemen followed still

took place. The Doctor complained of cramp in

calf of his left leg. Up springs from yonder tangled thorn

Passed the mouth of the Weaver in two hours A stag more white than mountain snow;

fifty minutes. A slight breeze sprung up, from whi And louder rung Earl Walter's horn,

ill consequences were apprehended, and none

experience

Passed Weston Point in three hours and five minute “ Hark forward ! forward! holloo, ho !”

numbers of persons on the shore. The St. George, A heedless wretch has cross'd the way, —

beautiful six-oared boat, manned by young gentlemen

the neighbourhood, here met us, and again gave enco He gasps the thundering hoofs below;

ragement to the Doctor, and animation to the scene. But live who can, or die who may,

Passed the church in three hours and thirty minute Still forward ! forward ! on they go.

and in two minutes after arrived off the boat-bouse, and

into the boat, when he was hailed by the acclamations See where yon simple fences meet,

assembled thousands. The Doctor bowed and answere A field with autumn's blessings crown'd;

appeared by no means distressed ; expressed an uns See prostrate at Earl Walter's feet,

lingness to stop; and declared he could go a dozen mi A husbandman with toil embrown'd!

further. He assisted in dressing himself, went to the i

and took a hearty dinner, and returned to Liverpool (To be continued.)

the Eclipse, accompanied by his friends.

His favourite mode of swimming was on his back; an A schoolmaster once exhibiting his knowledge of fabu

as in that position he could not see his course, be fi lous history, described all the rivers in hell until he came quently got athwart the

tide, and unconsciously attempt to Styx, which he said was also there. "Sticks in hell!" to stem it, and proceed again towards Liverpool, whi cried a young gentleman in holy orders, who wished to con. would, consequently, occasion an increase both of tin

and distance.
fuse the poor man, “ Candle-sticks or fiddle-sticks?"-
“ Really, Sir,” says the schoolmaster, “ as to candle.
sticks or fiddle-sticks being there, I am not sure, but as to

Mr. Vipond, who accompanied Dr. Bedale, must hat
Ecclesia-sticks, I am fully certain.”

undergone much more muscular exertion than his com

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G.

STANZAS TO MISS H.

Again I behold thy beauteous form,

And gaze on thine eye of blue;
Again do I feel thine heart beat warm,

That ever to me was true.
And still, as of old, thou art bright and fair,

And thy step is proud and free,
And thy laugh is light as the wanton air

That plays on the summer sea.
In the calm repose of thy deep blue eye

There is still thy mind's pure shrine,
Nor fled from thy cheek is its roseate dye-

The charms of youth yet are thine.
Oh, long mays't thou live in thy beauty's bloom,

And blest be thy life's bright close;
And when thou art laid in the silent tomb

May thy spirit in bliss repose ! J. H.

THE CHASE.

(From the German of Burger)

Earl Walter winds his bugle horn,

“ To horse! to horse! halloo ! halloo !” His fiery courser spuffs the inorn,

And thronging serfs their lord pursue.

MEDITERRANEAN.

LETTER FROM THE RIGHT HON. LORD BYRON TO MR. MURRAY.

pasien, if it be true, as the former says, that the latter did his escape by swimming, in the middle of the night, from that of others, bids me' pronounce the passage of Leander kot relieve himself by floating on his back. He has ad. Gibraltar to Algizira, a distance of seven miles, with the perfectly practicable: any young man in good health, and deda note to the editor of the last Manchester Guardian, stream rather against him. He escaped from the King's either side. I was three hours in swimming across the of which we shall bere subjoin a copy, as it forms a part of ship, in company with another impressed man, about a Tagus, which is much more hazardous, being two hours she proceedings, and contains a challenge, which we fancy quarter past twelve at midnight, and reached the coast of longer than the passage of the Hellespont. Of what may Dt. Bedale must accept.

Algizira, about a quarter past four in the morning, in the be done in swimming, I shall mention one more instance.

most debilitated state. His companion, after having In 1818, the Chevalier Mingaldo, (a gentleman of BasTO TES EDITOR OF THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN. accompanied him about a mile, returned to the ship. Mr. Alexander Scott, and myself: as he seemed particu:

S12–Having read an account in your paper of the 14th We are not a: liverty to name the gentleman, although | larly anxious on the subject, we indulged him. We all instant, under the head “ Extraordinary Swimming." there is not one of our readers who would not applaud an three started from the island of the Lido, and swam to

Venice. At the entrance of the Grand Canal, Scott and I being one of the parties referred to in it, to correct the impressed man for regaining his liberty. statement made, in order that the truth may be known to If this gentleman would consent to enter the lists, in a were a good way, a-head, and we saw no more of our foreign the public. match at fair swimming, we are of opinion that Dr. Be friend, which, however, was of no consequence, as there

was a gondola to hold his clothes, and pick him up. Scott Some time ago, Mr. Bedale undertook to swim for a dale would have no chance with him; and we have seen swam on till past the Rialto, where he got out-less from sum of money, from Liverpool to Runcorn, in one tide, them both in the water.

fatigue than chill, having been four bours in the water, but not with me. Being a swimmer myself, a few days before the time Mr. Bedale had fixed upon to undertake

We shall, next week, offer some further remarks which without rest, or stay, except what is to be obtained by the task, I made a small wager of £5 with him, that I will tend to show that any

man passing by water from the floating on one's back : this being the condition of our

performance, I continued my course on to Santa Chiara, could swim to Runcorn in a shorter time than could. Prince's Dock to Runcorn, with a strong spring-tide in comprising the whole of the Grand Canal, (beside the disWe accordingly, on the morning mentioned in your paper, his favour, cannot, by possibility, swim above four miles tance from the Lido) and got out where the Laguna once proceeded together in one boat: I entered the river tirst, or five, at the furthest. As we have adverted to Lord opens to Fusina. I had been in the water, by my watch, stan nearly together for about an hour and a half, and terranean, we shall here subjoin his Lordship's account of during the greater part of its performance, Mr. Hoppner,

It is not correct that Mr. Bedale ever headed me: we Byron's swimming in the Hellespont, and in the Medi. without help or rest, and never touching ground or boat, finding that I could swim faster than he, I pushed forward, the exploit.

the Consul General, was witness, and it is well known to and was at one time a-head of him a considerable distance.

many others. Mr. Turner can easily verify the fact, if Liverpool to Runcorn. I left the boat opposite the Queen's SWIMMING ACROSS THE HELLESPONT AND ON THE he thinks it worth while, by referring to Mr.

Hoppers

The distance we could not accurately ascertain; it was of Dock, and got out of the river opposite the Duke of

course considerable. Bridgerater's Warehouse, at Runcorn, ten minutes before

I crosssd the Hellespont in oue bour and ten minutes Mr. Bedale arrived at the same place; but as Mr. Bedale's

only. I am now ten years older in time, and twenty in rager was to swim opposite the church at Runcorn, which is

Ravenna, February 11, 1821.

constitution, than I was when I passed the Dardanelles, about three bundred yards further than I swam, he swam

DEAR SIR,-In the 44th page, vol. 1st of Turner's and yet two years ago I was capable of swimming four and arive about fifteen minutes after I landed. The riger I bet was given up to me, and Mr. Bedale swam Travels, (which you lately sent me,) it is stated that “ Lord hours and twenty minutes; and I am sure that I could Se same distance I did in three hours and thirty minutes. Byron, when he expressed such confidence of its practi- bave continued two hours longer, though I had on a pair other man for a wager of £20, from the north point of the ways, with and against the tide; whereas he (Lord Byron) hours in the water. Mingaldo might be about thirty years I late zo objection to swim against Mr. Bedale or any cability, seems to have forgotten that Leander swam both of trowsers, an accoutrement which by no means assists

. also four Prince's Dock, Liverpool, to any given point at Runcorn. only performed the easiest part of the task by swimming of age, Scott about six and twenty. With this experience the next August spring tide. Your publishing this with it from Europe to Asia.” I certainly could not have in swimming at difference periods of age, not only on the

what , Iata will much oblige your obedient servant, crossed in the night, and returned towards the morning

spot, but elsewhere, of various persons, what is there to 1a 17. Seith-street, Salford. MATTHEW VIPOND.

My object was to ascertain that the Hellespont could be make me doubt that Leander's exploit was perfectly pracJuly 19, 1927. crossed, at all, by swimming: and in this Mr. Ebenhead ticable ? If three individuals did more than passing the

why should have done less ? But Mr. la consequence of Dr. Bedale's letter, contained in the and myself both succeeded; the one in an hour and ten Turner failed ; and, naturally seeking a plausible excuse

the hour and : it Mercury, we have been favoured with the following lide was not in our favour; on the contrary, the great difti for his failure, lays the blame on the Asiatic side of the note: culty was to bear up against the current which, so far strait

. To me the cause is evident. He tried to swim TO THE EDITOR.

from helping us to the Asiatic side, set us down right directly across, instead of going higher up to take the SIE -I observe, by your paper of this day, a letter towards the Archipelago. Neither Mt. Ebenhead, myself

, vantage. He might as well have tried to fly over Mount from Dr. Bedale, containing a challenge to any young nor, I will venture to add, any person on board the frigate, eatleman to swim from Liverpool to Warrington in one from Captain (now Admiral) Bathurst, downwards, had

That a young Greek of the heroic times, in love, and ble, (of course, we all know it cannot be done in two, any notion of a difference of the current on the Asiatic with his limbs in full vigour, might

have succeeded in such accessively :) accompanied by some very judicious obser side, of which Mr. Turner speaks. I never heard of it an attempt, is neither wonderful nor doubtful. Whether ations of your own, explanatory of the manner in which till this moment, pour le would have taken the other course might have had a small boat to save him the trouble.

he attempted it or not is another question, because he he Doctor accomplished his feat. I think that in Liver. Lieutenant Ebenhead's sole motive, and mine also, for 190 there may be many found who will not hesitate to setting out from the European side, was, that the little

I am yours, very truly, dispute the palm of victory with him. Cape above Sestos was a more prominent starting-place,

BYRON. I recolleet perusing a paragraph in your paper of last and the frigate which lay below, close under the Asiatic P. S. Mr. Turner says that the swimming from Euyear, August 4th, recording the feat of a young gentle castle, formed a better point of view for us to move to rope to Asia was “ the easiest part of the task.' I doubt nan; and I think, if we consider that he had partially wards; and, in fact, we landed immediately below it. whether Leander found it so, as it was the return; how. b contead with the tide, he might be induced to attempt Mr. Turner says, " whatever is thrown into the stream of ever, he had several hours between the intervals. The arthe distance mentioned above, particularly as he will have this part of the European bank must arrive at the Asiatic gument of Mr. T. “ that higher up or lower down the he stream all the way in his favour.-I must apologize to shore.” This is so far from being the case, that it must strait widens so considerably, that he would have little he individual for my freedom ; but if this notice should arrive in the Archipelago if left to the current, although a labour by his starting,” is only good for indifferent swim. meet his approbation, perhaps he will favour you with a strong wind from the Asiatic side might have such effect mers. Á man of any practice or skill will always consider su lines on the subject. --Yours, &c. occasionally.

the distance less than the strength of the stream. If Lieu. A CONSTANT VISITOR TO THE FLOATING BATH. Mr. Turner attempted the passage from the Asiatic tenant Ebenhead and myself had thought of crossing at Liverpool, July 20, 1927.

side, and failed ; “after five and twenty minutes, in which the narrowest point, instead of going up to the Cape above

he did not advance a hundred yards, he gave it up from it, we should have been swept down to Tenedós. The With reference to this note of our correspondent, we complete exhaustion." This is very possible, and might strait is, however, not extraordinarily wide, even where it nast ebaerse, that although there may not be found per- have occurred to himn just as readily on the European side. broadens above and below the forts: as the frigate was sets in Liverpool wbo may choose to run the risk of ex. , particularly stated; and Mr. Hobhouse has done so also stationed some time in the Dardanelles, waiting

for the phare for four hours in the water, we feel confident that extend to between three and four, owing to the force of traject, and generally on the Asiatic side, without perceiv. there are better swimmers in Liverpool than either of the the stream. I can assure Mr. Turner that his success ing the greater strength of the opposing stream, by which gentlemen who swam and drifted from the Queen's Dock would have given me great pleasure, as it would have Mr. Turner palliates his own failure. Qui amusement in to Rancora.

added one more instance to the proofs of its practicability. the small bay which opens immediately below the Asiatic Plating Bath, and who is an excellent

, buoyant, and Leander could not succeed. There are still four instances on purpose, as they amphibiously crawled along the bottom; There is one nautical gentleman who frequents the Leisn get quite fair in him to infer, that because he failed, fort, was to dive for the land tortoises, which we ftung in powerful swimmer, who has performed a feat which re- and

myself: the two last were in the presence of hundreds the European shore. With regard to the modest insinua. quired much more muscular exertion, courage, or what of English witnesses. With regard to the difference of tion, that we chose the European side as “ easier," I ap. in the slang of the fancy is termed " bottom,” than the current, I perceived none; it is favourable to the peal to Mr. Hobhouse and Admiral Bathurst if it be true ere necessary to go up to Runcorn with the tide, accom- swimmer on neither side, but may be stemmed by plung or no (poor Ebenhead being since dead.) Had we been

ing into the sea a considerable way above the opposite aware of any such difference of current as is asserted, we panied by a boat.

point of the coast which the swimmer wishes to make, but would at least have proved it, and were not likely to have The gentleman to whom we allude having been pressed still bearing up against it: it is strong ; but if you calcu. given it up in the twenty-five minutes of Mr. Turner's from one of Mr. Gladstone's vessels, during the war, made cate well, you may reach land. My own experience, and own experiment.

BURMESE MUSIC.

“ AIR-TEKIEN TEKIEN, ME ME NO SONGOLAH. (FROM THE HARMONICON.]

ANDANTE. Since our last, a work of considerable interest has made its appearance, under the title of Two Years in Ava.

6 Being the journal of an officer who was employed on the staff of Sir Archibald Campbell, in the recent invasion of

8 8 the Burmese empire, a large portion of the volume is necessarily occupied with details of the operations of the invading and retreating armies. This part of the work abounds with incidents and events of no common interest ; but the author also availed himself of the opportunities afforded by the protracted occupation of the conquered territory to collect many curious particulars relative to the manners, customs, and amusements of the singular people with whom the chances of modern warfare have now for the first time made us acquainted. We extract the following passages, which form an appropriate sequel to our paper on the Burmese Musical Instruments, given in vol. iv.

“ The most favourite amusements of the Burmals are acting and dancing, accompanied by a music which to my ear appeared very discordant, although occasionally a few rather pleasing notes might be distinguished. The princi. pal instrument used in the Burman bands of music is the kiezoop, which is formed of a number of small gongs, graduated in size and tone on the principle of the harmonica, and supended in a circular frame about four feet high and five feet wide; within which the performer stands, and extracts a succession of soft tones, by striking on the gongs with two small sticks. Another circular instrument (the boundah) serves as a bass; it contains an equal number of different sized drums, on which the musician strikes with violence, with a view perhaps to weaken the shrill, discordant notes of a very rude species of flageo

“AIR-BURMAN WAR-BOAT SONG. let, and of an equally imperfect kind of trumpet, which MAESTOSO. are usually played with a total disregard of time, tune, or harmony. Two or three other instruments, similar in principle to the violin, complete the orchestra. To Europeans, there was not much to admire in the sounds produced by these instruments; neither did our music appear to have many charms for the Burmals, whom I have seen present at the performance of some of Rossini's most beautiful airs, and of different martial pieces, by one of our

Chorus. best regimental bands, without expressing, either by their words or gestures, the

least satisfaction at what they heard. “In condemning, however, the Burman instrumental music generally, I would observe, that some of the vocal airs have a very pleasing effect when aceompanied by the Patola. This is an instrument made in the fantastic shape of an alligator: the body of it is hollow, with openings at the

back, and three strings only are used, which are supported by a bridge, as in a violin. “I

chanced one day to meet with a young Burman who had been stone-blind from his birth, but who, gifted with great talent for music, used to console himself for his misfortune by playing on this species of guitar, and accom. panying his voice. When I expressed a wish to hear him perform, he immediately struck out a most brilliant prelude, and then commenced a song, in a bold tone, the subject of which was a prophecy that had been current at

ALLEGRETTO. Rangoon before we arrived. It predicted the appearance of numerous strangers at that place, and that two-masted ships would sail up the Irrawaddy, when all trouble and sorrow would cease! Animated by his subject, his voice gradually became bolder and more spirited, as well as his performance, and without any hesitation he sung with much facility two or three stanzas composed extempore.

“Changing suddenly from the enthusiastic tone, he commenced a soft, plaintive love-song, and then, after striking the chords for some time in a wild but masterly manner, retired. I confess I felt much interested in this poor fel. Po low's performance, he seemed so deeply to feel every note he uttered, particularly at one time, when he touched upon his own misfortune, that it appeared Providence, in or. daining he should never see, had endowed him with this "soul-speaking” talent, in some measure to indemnify him

“The Burmahs, generally speaking, are fond of singing, and, in some instances, I have heard many very good songs. The War-boat Song, for example, is remarkably striking: The recitative of the leading songster, and then the swell of voices when the boatmen join in chorus, keeping time with their oars, seemed very beautiful when wafted down the Irrawaddy by the breeze; and the approach of a war-boat might always be known by the sound of the well-known air. I here give its notes as they are impressed on my memory, and also those of two other favourite airs: the first was very popular at Prome, and will be familiar to the ear of those who were on service in "I unlucklly made no memorandum of the words of + The author has marked the time by the igures Ava during the latter part of the war, this song,"

eighths, instead of three-fourths.-Edit.

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MONTAIGNE.

Further Entracts.

"I have sometimes heard a trio sung in parts by three " momentum aere perennius" of his supremacy in pathetic pung girls, with a correctness of ear and voice which melody and choral harmony. He had a favourite Rucker • I have here only made a nosegay of culled fowers, and have

The Bouquet. sould do credit to others than the self-taught Burmahs. harpsichord, every key of which, by incessant practice, was Slany little songs, amongst others that commencing

brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." Tekien Tekien, were composed and sung by the Bur: hollowed like the bowl of a spoon. He continued to persan fair, in compliment to their new and welcome visitors, form the Messiah several years for the benefit of the Che white strangers; but these, of course, are long since Foundling Hospital ; and also by presenting the charity

SIR WALTER SCOTT'S NAPOLEON. consigned to oblivion, unless they recollect with pleasure with a copy of the score, and parts of this composition,

- The grateful breath of song
That once was heard in happier hours;

gave them such a title as almost to impart an exclusive fær it is very certain that the Burmahs considered them. understood by some of the governors, that they formed a right to its performance. This act of bounty was so ill

NAPOLEON IN HIS YOUTH. of liberty, and the advantages of a just Government which resolution, strange as it may seem, of applying to Parlia

The conduct of Napoleon among his companions was were difered them during the short stay of the British army ment for an establishment of their supposed right; and that of a studious and reserved youth, addicting himself at Prome

to prohibit, under severe penalties, the performance of the than seeking the usual temptations to dissipations of time. * The Buman plays do not appear to be remarkable Messiah by any others than Mr. Handel and themselves. He had few

friends, and no intimates; yet, at different La prince, a confidant, a buffoon or two, and a due pro- In order to facilitate the passing of such an act, they times, when he chose to exert it, he exhibited considerable portion of female characters, represented by boys dressed thought it necessary to ask for Handel's concurrence ; influence over his fellow students: and when there was any feriale attire. The dresses are handsome ; and in one but he was so little sensible of the propriety of such a chosen dictator of the

little republic. In the time of which I attended, the dialogue appeared to be lively and procedure, that, on its being mentioned to him,

he broke winter, Buonaparte on one occasion engaged his compavell supported, as far as I could judge from the roars of out into a furious passion " For vat sal de Fondlings nions in constructing a fortress out of the snow, regularly audience. One sentimental scene, in which the loving put mein Oratorio in de Parlement? Te teuflel! mein defended by ditches and bastions, according to the rules of

prince takes leave of his mistress, and another where, after music sal not go to de Parlement !"-Dr. Morell took the fortification. It was considered as displaying the great much weeping and firtation, she throws herself into his liberty of suggesting to Handel, that the music

he had powers of the juvenile engineer in the way of his profesarms, sere suficiently intelligible to us; but some, in written to some lines of his was really contrary to the divided into parties for the purpose, until the battle became

ere quite lost upon those who did not understand the sense of the passage. Instead of taking this friendly hint so keen that their superiors thought proper to proclaim a pot of ground outside of our houses, the heat being very poetry than himself, he considered the advice as the address and enterprise upon the following occasion.

There rest; and bere a circle was formed of carpets and chairs, greatest indignity and affront that could be offered to his where the pupils found a day's amusement; but, on acghted by torches dipped in petroleum, which threw a talents. With all the violence of insulted pride, he ex- count of a quarrel between them and the country people, Filliant fiare around, though accoinpanied by a most une claimed, “Vat! you teach me music! The music ish upon a former occasion, or for some such cause, the masters leasant odour.

Dancing succeeded, and one or two young women good music! It ish your vords, Sir, ish bad! Here (he of the institution had directed that the students should merely consisted in throwing the body and arms into nu- upon the harpsichord ;) go you and make vords to my direction of the young Corsican, however, the scholars had are the performers: like the Hindostanee Nautch, it continued) here ish my music (thrumming vehemently not, on the fair day, be permitted to go beyond their own mar graceful and rather voluptuous postures; at the music !”

already laid a plot for securing their usual day's diversion. me time advancing slowly, with a short steady step, and semnally changing it for a more lively figure.

HAYDN.

They had undermined the wall which encompassed their "All this time the drums, cymbals, and clarionets were It has been often asserted, that the compositions of their operations remained entirely unknown till the morn.

exercising ground, with so much skill and secrecy that rexing in their discordant sounds, and, before long, Haydn are very unequal ; that some are replete with ing of the fair, when

a part of the wall fell, and gave a all drove me from the field.”

elegance and scientific knowledge, whilst others are ex. free passage to the imprisoned students, of which they imPrince! O Prince !- This was the title by which the travagant to excess. In illustration of this circumstance, mediately took the advantage, by hurrying to the prohibrats addressed us. it has been remarked, that many of these pieces were perhaps, other occasions, Buonapa.te displayed some of

bited scene of amusement. But, although on these, and, written at the command of Prince Esterhazy, whose ideas the frolic temper of youth, mixed with the inventive ge. (COMMUNICATTED BY A CORRESPONDENT.]

of music were highly eccentric. It is said that he often nius and the talent for commanding others, by which he

chose the plan on which Haydn was to compose particular was distinguished in after time-bis life at school was, in ANECDOTES AND PECULIARITIES OF MUSICIANS. symphonies ; some, for instance, he ordered to be adapted general, that of a recluse and severe student, acquiring by for three or four orchestres, situated in different apart. derful process of almost unlimited combination, by means

his judgment, and treasuring in his memory, that wonHANDEL.

ments, which were to be heard singly, to respond with of which he was afterwards able to simplify the most diffiHis Ofertures, excellent as some of them are, were each other, and to join together at the will of the Prince. cult and complicated undertakings. His mathematical imposed as fast as he could write them; and the most The following anecdote, if it be founded in truth, though teacher was proud of the young islander, as the boast of laborate of them seldom cost him more than a morn- it appears very improbable, would seem to have some reason to be satisfied. In language Buonaparte was less a i labour. Although there seems to be no neces. relation to this strange bumour of the Prince :-The proficient, and never acquired the art of writing

or spelling dry connexion betwixt those faculties which constitute a musicians of his palace are said to have disagreed with | French, far less foreign languages, with accuracy or corluposer of music, and the powers of instrumental per. the officers of his household, and to have given in their rectness. Though of Italian origin, Buonaparte had not mance, yet, in the person of Handel, all the perfections resignations. These were accepted under the impression sition seems to have leaned towards the grotesque and the

te musical art seemed to be concentrated. He had that they would soon change their minds. On the even. bombastic. At the age of seventeen he became (when a Te been master of the violin, and had discontinued the ing of the day they had fixed for their departure, they lieutenant of artillery) “ an adventurer for the honours of lactice of it from the time that he adopted the harpsichord were to perform their last concert before the Prince. literature also," and was, anonymously, a competitor for I Hamburgh; yet his style of performance, even on that Haydo had to compose for the occasion a symphony, the the prize offered by the Academy of Lyons on Raynal's strument, was such as the ablest masters would have conclusion of which was of a very extraordinary kind. question, "What are the principles and institutions, by

en glad to imitate. But, what was still more extraor. It was an adagio, in which each instrument, in succession, pitch of happiness ?”. The prize was adjudged to the Inary, without a musical voice, he was an excellent singer played a solo, and at the end of each part, Haydn wrote young soldier. It is impossible to avoid feeling curiosity

each musie as required more of the pathos of melody these words, "Put out your candle, and go about your to know the character of the juvenile theories respecting has quick and voluble expression. At a concert, at the business.” The first oboe and French horn are said to government, advocated by one who, at length, attained the base of Lady Rich, he was once prevailed on to sing have gone away first; after this, the second oboe and the Probably his early ideas did not exactly coincide with his Now song, which he did in such a manner that Fari- first horn ; then the bassoons, and soon with the rest of more mature practice ; for, when. Talleyrand, many years , who was present, could not be persuaded to sing it the performers, except the first and second violins, who afterwards, got the Essay out of the records of the AcaMer him. Haydn, who is the only one ever put in com- were alone left to finish the symphony. The Prince was demy, and returned it to the author, Buonaparte destroyed petition with him, declared, that this man is the father astonished at all this, and asked what the meaning of all it after he had read a few pages. He also laboured under f us all" Mozart, in the refined majesty of his style, this was. Haydn told him that the musicians were about the manner of Sterne, which he was fortunate enough is opened a new path to composers; and Beethoven, to quit his service, and that carriages were then at the door finally to resist. The affectation which pervades Sterne's fed many others, have followed it. But in spite of refor of the palace waiting to carry them away. The Prince peculiar style of composition, was not likely to be simplikation in taste and style, (for what contrast can be greater sent for those into his presence who had left the room, and bied under the pen of Buonaparte. Sterner times were han the harmony of the ancient and modern school ?) a reproved them severely for the manner in which they were those factions which produced the Revolution. les composers, who flourished in the early era of music, about to desert so excellent a master. The men, who had

NAPOLEON'S LOVE LETTER TO JOSEPHINE. till retain their celebrity, and above them all Handel is previously repented of their imprudent conduct, expressed

By what art is it you have been able to captivate all my Regarded as the most pre-eminent; and his transcendent their regret at what they had done, and were allowed faculties, and to concentrate in yourself my moral exista Oratorio of the Messiah will descend to latest posterity again to enter into his service.

ence? It is a magic, my sweet love, which will finish only

[graphic]

with my life. To live for Josephine-there is the history tuted a point at which he might pause. It might have

DANCING. of my life. I am trying to reach you, I am dying to be been thought that, satiated with success, and wearied with MR. PARIS respectfully informs bis Friends and near you. Fool that I am, I do not perceive that I in. enterprise, he would have busied himself more in consoli. Public, that his ACADEMY will be re-opened on TI crease the distance between us. What lands, what coun- dating the power which he desired to transmit to his ex- DAY next, the 26th instant. tries separate us! What a time before you read these pected posterity, than in aiming at rendering his grandeur 3, Hardman-street, Rodney-street. weak expressions of a troubled soul, in which you reign ! more invidious and more precarious, by further schemes Ah! my adorable wife, I know not what fate awaits me, of ambition. Even the charms which this union added to but if it keep me much longer from you, it will be insup- his domestic life might, it was hoped, bring on a taste for

The Beauties of Chess. portable, -my courage will not go so far. There was a repose, which, could it have influenced that fiery imagina. time when I was proud of my courage ; and, sometimes, tion and frame of iron, might have been of such essential

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. when contemplating on the ills that man could do me, on advantage to Europe. the fate which destiny could reserve for me, I fixed my eyes Napoleon knew what was expected, and endeavoured to stedfastly on the most unheard-of misfortunes without a vindicate himself beforehand for the disappointment which

SOLUTION TO STUDY CXLIX. frown—without alarm; but now the idea that my Jo- he foresaw was about to ensue.

WHITE. sephine may be unwell—the idea that she may be ill- “ The good citizens rejoice sincerely at my marriage, 1 Queen.......... 7 1 King.........

F8 and, above all, the cruel, the fatal thought, that she may Monsieur ?" he said to Decres, his minister.

2 Bishop ......F 5 2 King..........E 8 love me less, withers my soul, stops my blood, renders me * Very much, Sire."

3 Queen......... 7 3 King....... 8 sad, cast down, and leaves me not even the courage of fury “I

understand they think the lion will go slumber, ha ?" 4 Queen..... .F 6X 4 King....... 8 and despair. Formerly I used to say to myself, men could “ To speak the truth, Sire, they entertain some hopes 5 Bishop

5 Pawn

...... 4 not hurt him who could die without regret ; but now, to of that nature."

6 Pawn ....

6 Pawn .....ES die without being loved by thee, to die without that cer. Napoleon paused an instant, and then replied, " They

7 Pawn .........D 6 7 Pawn ...... taipty, is the torment of hell—it is the lively and striking are mistaken ; yet it is not the fault of the lion ; slumber

.D 7X Mate. image of absolute annihilation : I feel as if I were stifled. would be as agreeable to him as to others. But see you My incomparable companion, thou whom fate has destined not that while I have the air of being constantly the at.

STUDY CL. to make along with me the painful journey of life, the day tacking party, I am, in fact, acting only on the defensive?” White to win with the pawn in eight moves, with on which I shall cease to possess thy heart will be the day This sophism, by which Napoleon endeavoured to per- taking the black pawn, or suffering it to be moved. on which parched nature will be to me without warmth suade all men that his constant wars arose, not from and vegetation.

choice, but out of the necessity of his situation, will be I stop, my sweet love ! my soul is sad—my body is fa- best discussed hereafter.

Black. tigued my head is giddy-men disgust me I ought to In the meantime, we may only notice, that the Empe. bate them—they separate me from my beloved. ror Alexander judged most accurately of the consequences

v a d5 H I am at Port Maurice, near Oneille; to-morrow I shall of the Austrian match, when he said, on receiving the be at Albenga ; the two armies are in motion. We are news, " Then the next task will be to drive me back to endeavouring to deceive each other ; victory to the most my forests ;” so certain he was that Napoleon would make skilful! I am pretty well satisfied with Beaulieu. If he his intimate alliance with the Emperor Francis the means alarm me much, he is a better man than his predecessor. of an attack upon Russia ; and so acute was he in seeing I shall beat him, I hope, in good style. Do not be uneasy the germs of future and more desperate wars, in a union

- love me as your eyes: but that is not enough, as your- from which more short-sighted politicians were looking for
self, more than yourself, than your thought-your mind- the blessings of peace.
your sight-your all. Sweet love, forgive me I am sink.
ing. Nature is weak for him who feels strongly, for him
whom you love!

Correspondence.
JOSEPHINE AND MARIA LOUISA.
As a domestic occurrence, nothing could more contri-

DRAPERS' ASSISTANTS.
bute to Buonaparte's happiness than his union with Maria
Louisa. He was wont to compare her with Josephine, by

TO THE EDITOR. giving the latter all the advantages of art and grace; the former the charms of simple modesty and innocence. His

SIR-I have frequently read in that excellent little work, former Empress used every art to support or enhance her the Kaleidoscope, letters signed Observer, reflecting (pretty personal charms ; but with so much prudence and mys- severely I must say, though too appositely) on the contery, that the secret cares of her toilette could never be duct of the drapers' and silk-mercers' assistants of this

A B C D E F G H traced-her successor trusted for the power of pleasing to town. It has, therefore, given me the most sincere pleayouth and nature. Josephine mismanaged her revenue,

WHITE. and incurred debt without scruple. Maria Louisa lived sure to receive a private communication from Observer, within her income, or if she desired any indulgence beyond wherein he says that, “in consequence of having reit, wbich was rarely the case, she asked it as a favour of ceived several letters from female correspondents, stating

To Correspondents. Napoleon. Josephine, accustomed to political intrigue, the assiduous and respectful attention they have uniformly loved to manage to influence, and to guide her husband; met with from the assistants of my establishment, he The RANGERS, OR THE DOUBLE ARRANGEMENT.-- It has

been our intention to republish this whimsical piece Both were excellent women, of great sweetness of temper, should consider himself wanting in justice did he not ap.

the poetry of the Anti-Jacobin. It is universally ascribe and fondly attached to Napoleon. In the difference be prize me of the same.”

Mr. Canning, who, in conjunction with several others! tween these distinguished persons, we can easily discrimi- I have laid Observer's letter before them, and hope it men, acquired considerable eclat, by editing the daw nate the leading features of the Parisian, and of the simple may prove a zest to their exertions to continue to merit

bin. We select the Rovers from the volume, because German beauty, but it is certainly singular that the arti. Observer's and the public's good opinion.

a very clever satire upon the spurious sentiment and ex ficial character should have belonged to the daughter of

tionable moral with which the German stage has the West Indian Planter ; that marked by nature and sim

I think it right to state, for Observer's information, that

taxed. Having at length brought to a termination plicity, to a Princess of the proudest court in Europe. I have one leading feature in the arrangement of my esta- reprint of the American Novel of Charlotte Temple Buonaparte, whose domestic conduct was generally praise- blishment which tends not a little to cultivate the good shall have rather more space at our disposal. worthy, behaved with the utmost kindness to his princely conduct of my assistants; and, as I doubt not that the The article written in blue ink, and entitled “The Philoso bride. He observed, however, the strictest etiquette, and

of Reviews," is illegible. required it from the Empress. If it happened, for exam. end and intent of Observer's letters is to lessen or remove ple, as was often the case, that he was prevented from at the cause of his animadversions, I shall be most happy if SHAKSPRARE.

If we had the requisite space at our disy

we should have ventured to offer a few remarks upon tending at the hour when dipner was placed on the table, he will call upon me to explain wherein my arrangements he was displeased if, in the interim of his absence, which differ from those of my neighbours. I beg to remain, your

tain points in L's communication upon Shakspeare,

with all his faults and absurdities, was, in our opinion, was often prolonged, she either took a book, or had reobedient servant,

most extraordinary intellectual phenomenon ever ku course to any female occupation—if, in short, he did not find her in the attitude of waiting for the signal to take

Liverpool, June 18, 1817.

in any country or in any age with the history of which

are acquainted. her place at the table.

of We are, at this moment, in the act of transferring EFFECTS OF NAPOLEON'S MARRIAGE.

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. As it influenced his political fate, Buonaparte has regis

types and press to our new printing rooms in Claren tered his complaint, that the Austrian match was a preci.

[From the Liverpool Courier.]

Buildings, Lord-street; an operation attendant with pice covered with flowers, which he was rashly induced to

much inconvenience and bustle, that we have not tir approach by the hopes of domestic happiness. But if this

pay the requisite attention to our correspondents, w proved so, it was the fault of Napoleon himself; his sub.

Night. morning ring Day. at noon. jects and his allies augured very differently of its conse

names we can merely enumerate this week. quences, and to himself alone it was owing that these au.

The foregoing note is applicable to S. S.-W. B.-J.N

064 0 N.N.W. Fair. guries were disappointed. It was to have been expected,

12 30 13

W.Homo.-J. W.-J. B-k—.-H. D.-W.–J. " that a connexion formed with the most ancient Imperial

N.W. Fair.

H. B.-W.-P. M. and A. M. family in Christendom might have induced Buonaparte to adopt some of those sentiments of moderation which regard

Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, rather the stability than the increase of power. It consti. 17 29 82

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool.

01 74 0 S.W. Cloudy.

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July
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15 29 90
16 29 85

54 0 55 0 51 0 59 0 56 0 58 0 61 0

61 61 68 66 66 69

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64 0 N.N.W. Fair.
75 0
75 0 S. Fair.
73 0 S. Fair.
76 0 S. Fair.

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