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excess. He formed his attachments with caution and The Bouquet.

Wc had not recovered from our surprise when the Ar. timidity, but when once formed they were permanent and menian stood before us. "I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have cordial. In the midst of a tumultuous crowd he walked “ You are known here, my Prince!" said he. “ Hasten brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them."

alone. Occupied by his own visionary ideas, he often was to your hotel. You will find there the deputies of the

a stranger to the world about him. Sensible of the de. Senate. Do not hesitate to accept the honour they interd THE GHOST SEER.

ficiency of his own judgment, he was apt to give an un- to offer you. Baron F-forgot to tell you that your

warrantable preference io the judgment of others. Though remittances are arrived." He disappeared ameng tre -Hence, horrible shadow!

far from being weak, no man was more liable to be go. crowd. Unreal mockery, hence !-Shukspeare.

verned. When conviction, however, had once entered We hastened home, and found every thing as the Are

his mind, he became firm and decisive ; equally courageous menian bad told us. Three noblemen of the Republic As the ghost season is either at hand, or fast ap- to combat an acknowledged prejudice, and to die for a were waiting to pay their respects to the Prince, and a

attend him to the assembly, where the first nobility of the proaching, (for spectres, like rogues, owls, and bats,

As he was the third Prince of his house, he had no city were ready to receive him. He had bardly an appear still shun the light,) we intend to devote a portion expectation of acquiring the sovereignty. His ambition tunity of giving me a hint to be on the watch. of our miscellany to spiritual concerns; in hopes had never been awakened; his passions had taken an. About eleven o'clock at night he returned. On entering

other turn. He read much, but without discrimination. the room he appeared grave and thoughtful. He locket that such attention on our parts will propitiate their As his education had been neglected, and as he had early by the hand, and having dismissed the servants, “ Cores * ghostships, and thereby secure ourselves from their entered the career of arms, his understanding had never said he, in the words of Hamlet, nocturnal visitations to chide us for neglecting to come to faturity. Hence the knowledge be afterwards “There are more things in heaven and earth

Than are dreamt of in your philosophy." pay a proper respect to the tenants of the invisible acquired, served but to increase the chaos of bis ideas,

because it was built on an unstable foundation, world, who have, from time immemorial, possessed

“ You seem to forget, my Prince," replied I, chill

Like the rest of his family, he professed the Protestant you are going to bed a great deal richer in prosperci" such fearful influence over the mind of man. religion, because he was born in it. Inquiry or investi; The deceased was the hereditary Prince. If the story we are about to lay before our readers gation he had never attempted, although ai one period

“ Do not mention it,” said the Prince. “Il of his life he had been an enthusiast. It is necessary to should, in any degree, tend to lessen that influence, observe, that he had never been a freemason.

even have acquired a crown, I am now too much engaged

to think of such a trifle. If this Armenian has nos ada by questioning the reality of the existence of super- One evening, as usual, we were walking by ourselves, guessed by chance". natural agents, it will be no fault of ours; and we the crowd was dispersing. The Prince observed a mask resign all my hopes of royalty for a monk's hat it." I am

It was larc, and

“ How can that be, my Prince ?" interrupled I. *18 hope that no ghost, who has any pretensions to good which followed us every where. This mask was an mentioned this purposely, to show how tar every amba breeding, or who has any sense of justice, will visit Armenian, and walked alone. We quickened our steps, idea was then distant from his thoughts. the sins of others upon our heads. He or she (for and by different turns endeavoured to lose hin. It was

The next evening we went sooner than usus! * * spirits are, we believe, of both sexes) must know that in vain; the mask was always close behind us.

“ You have no intrigue here, I hope?" said the Prince to enter a coffee-house, where we found a party eo pei

square of St. Mark. A sudden shower of|rain obliga a the narrator of the story is the celebrated Schiller ; at last, the husbands of Venice are dangerous."

at cards. The Prince took his place behind the chal and that we merely act in the subordinate capacity

“ I do not know a single lady," was my answer. Spaniard, to observe the game. I went into an adjust of literary resurr

• Let us sit down here, and speak German,” said he: chamber to read the newspapers. I was soon disers on men, to raise the defunct

I fancy we are mistaken for other persons.". body of one of the numerous progeny of the German

by a noise in the card-room. Previous to the entrates We sat down upon a stone bench, and expected the the Prince, the Spaniard had been constantly

losing, poet.

Armenian would have passed by. He came directly up since that he had been regularly winning. The fora It is our determination, at all hazards, to revive to us, and placed himself close by the Prince. The latter of the game was reversed in a striking manner, and de the Ghost Scer, who has lain dormant for some years; me thus in French : “ It is past nine. Come, we forget who, since this sudden change, had become are

took out his watch, and rising at the same time, addressed bank was in danger of being challenged by the province and our resolution has been taken on these grounds that we are waited for at the Louvre."

turous. The Venetian, who kept the bank, aceresting wither there are ghosts, or there are no ghosts. If

This was only a pretence to deceive the Armenian.

the Prince in a very rude manner, told him that is there are no ghosts, then it is laudable to endeavour

“ Nine,” repeated the latter, in a slow and expressive sence interrupted the fortune of the game, and

voice. to show to those who believe in them that they only “Congratulate yourself my Prince;" (calling him by him, remained in his place, and preserved the same tortor

ought to quit the table. The latter looked verpadla exist in imagination. If there be ghosts, they must his real name,) " he died at nine.

tenance, when the Venetian repeated his demed i either be good or evil; either “spirits of health, or

In saying this he arose and went away.

French. He triought the Prince understood neither Pets

We looked at each other in amazement. goblins damned,”-bringing with them “ airs from “Who is dead ?” said at last the Prince, after a long sneer, to the company, said: “ Pray, Gentlemen, sei

nor Italian; and addressing himself, with a contenta heaven, or blasts from hell.” Now, if they be good silence. spirits, they can have no possible objection to have

** Let us follow him,” replied I, “and ask for an ex. the same time he rose, and prepared to seize the Prire la

how I must make niyself understood by this fool!" planation." their pretensions serutinized; nor need they care,

the arm. Patience forsook the latter. He grapet

We searched every corner of the place; the mask was Venetian with a strong arm, and threw him itolecis though their very existence be questioned, as it has no more to be found. We returned to our hotel in dis- the ground. The company rose up in confusion. A been by the author whose work we are about to appointment. The Prince did not speak a word to me noise I hastily entered the room, and calling the Prag revive. If they be evil spirits, they ought to be and, as he told me afterwards, the conflict within him was

all the way. He walked on at a little distance by himself, by his name, "Take care," said I, imprudendi ; exposed; and we accordingly defy them and all violent. Having reached home, he began at length to

are at Venice."

The name of Prince caused a general silence, their works,--and so to our task, without further speak.-" It is laughable,” said he, ** that a madman ended in a whispering that seemed to portend preface.

Edit. Kal.

should have the power of disturbing a man's tranquillity very disagreeable. All the Italians who were prone by two words."

We wished

each other a good night, and divided into parties, and went aside. One after the

when in my own apartment, I noted down in my pocket left the room.
book, the day and the hour when this adventure hap. Spaniard and a few Frenchmen.

We soon found ourselves alone per pened. It was on a Thursday. Translated and abridged from the German of the cele.

Prince," said these, “if you do nat immediaterie The next evening the Prince said to me: “Will you the town. The Venetian whom you have treated bruted Schiller, by Merritt.

go with me to the square of St. Mark, and seek for our lierly is rich enough to hire a Bravo. It costs hin be mysterious Armenian? I long to see this comedy

unra- zechins to send you out of the world." The $15 On my return to Courland in the year 17-, sometime velled.” I consented. We walked in the place till eleven. offered, for the security of the Prince, to go for the same about the Carnival, I visited the Prince of - at The Armenian was no where to be seen. We repeated and to accempany us home. The Frenchmen propose Venice. We had been acquainted in the - service, our walk the four following nights, and every time with do the same.

We were still standing and considering sigt and we renewed here an intimacy which had been in the same success.

was to be done, when some officers of the Inquisitiza es terrupted by the restoration of peace. As I wished to see On the sixth

evening, as we went out of the hotel, tered the room. They showed us an order of Government the curiosities of this city, and as the Prince was waiting whether designedly or otherwise, I cannot recollect

, I told which charged us both to follow them immediately

. only for the arrival of remittances to return to his native the servants where we might be found in case we were arrived under a strong escort at the canal, where a country, he easily prevailed on me not to depart before asked for. The Prince remarked my precaution, and ap- dola was waiting for us. him. We agreed not to separate during the time of our proved of it with a smile. We tound the place very much folded before we landed. They then led us up a los

We embarked, and were bine residence at Venice, and the Prince was so kind as to crowded. Scarcely had we advanced thirty steps, when I stone staircase, and through a long turning accommodate me at his lodgings at the Moor. perceived the Armenian, who was endeavouring, to press vaults, as I judged from the echoes that resounded in the As the small revenues of the Prince did not permit him through the crowd, and seemed to seek for some person. our feet.

At last we came to another staircase, and so incognito. Two noblemen, in whom he had entire con of the Prince's retinue, came up to us quite

-, one ing descended twenty-six steps, we entered a spacious is: Gidence, composed all his retinuc. He shunned expenses, and gave the Prince a letter: "It is sealed with black," ourselves in a circle of venerable old men, all dreneri however, inore from inclination than economy. avoided 'all kinds of diversions, and though he was but of importance. "I was struck as with a thunderbolt. iluminated. The dead silence which reigned in the thirty-five years old, he had resisted the numerous at. The Prince went near a torch and began to read. sembly, struck us with horror. One of the old men, * tractions of this voluptuous city. To the charms of the “ My cousin is dead !” exclaimed he.

bably the first Inquisitor, approachell the Prince with fair sex he was wholly indifferent. A settled gravity and “When?" said I, quickly interrupting him. a profound melancholy were the prominent features of his He looked again' into the letter, Last Thursday

awful countenance, and said, at the same moment shor. character. His passions were tranquil, but obstinate to 'night at ninc."

Tward ; “Do you know this man to be the same stof

"You are ancora

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Efended you at the coffee-house?” !! I do," answered | The Queen stood with her eyes fixed on the ground in a forming the most prominent objects on the southern the Prince. Then, addressing the prisoner, " Is this the deep stupefaction. On a sudden she started from her re- promontory of Birkenhead, now give picturesque beauty ' same person whom you meant to have assassinated this verie, with the tury of one iospired, and lookly wildly to the gardens, and break the formal appearance of the un night ?". The prisoner, teplied, “Yes”. In the same around her. “ A King is among us !" she exclaimed, front of the elegant hotel, erected by Messrs. Hetherington bas instant the circle opened, and we saw, with horror, the taking her crown from her head, and laying it at the feet and Grindrod, on the most commanding situation which Erhead of the Venetian immediately severed from his body of the Prince. Every one present cast their eyes upon the margin of the Mersey can furnish. Llegant cottages mui* Are you content with this satisfaction ?" said the In. bim, and doubted for a moinent whether there was any are fast springing up on the banks of the river, and the musitor. The Prince fainted in the arms of his attend. meaning in this farce ; so much were they deceived by the space belwixt the extremities of the points we have med. ins. Go," added the Inquisitor, turning to me, with impressive seriousness of the actress. Silence was at last tioned is undergoing a rapid transition from a plain sur

terrible raice : Go, and in future judge less incon- broken by a general clapping of the hands, as a mark of face to a newly.created town. It may be asked, and with esiderately of the justice of Venice.”

approbation. I looked at the Prince. He was not a little great propriety too, why this portion of land, lying, as it An unknown friend, it was evident, had thus saved us disconcerted, and endeavoured to escape the inquisitive does, immediately opposite to the town, has lain so long om inevitable death, by interposing, in our behalf, the eyes of the spectators. He threw money to the players, unnoticed and neglected ; affording, at the same time, so ve arm of justice, but who it was we could not conjec- and hastened out of the company.

many facilities to the trade and commerce of this port, Filled with terror, we reached our hotel. It was We had advanced but a few steps, when a vencrable monk, and the health and enjoyment of its inhabitants? Why ther midnight. The chamberlain Z-- impatiently pressing through the crowd, stopped the Prince in his way. has it all at once sprung into notice and importance ? fited for us at the door. “You did very well to send us | ** My Lord !" said he, “ give the holy Virgin part of your Steam navigation is, doubtless, the agent which has pro

nessage," said he to the Prince, as he lighted us up. golu. You will want her prayers. He uttered these duced so nighty a revolution on the shores of the sister arshe news which Baron F-soon after brought us words in a tone of voice which struck us extremely, and county, by rendering the passage across the Mersey at all pecting you, from the square of St. Mark, would other disappeared in the throng.

times safe and certaip. Calculating upon a proportionate se have given us the greatest uneasiness."-" I sent In the meantine our company had increased. An increase of the trade of the town for the next ewenty years, e a message? When? I koow nothing of it.”- English Lord, whom the Prince had seen before at Nice; this portion of the neighbouring shore will stand in a

This evening, after eight, you sent us word that we some merchants of Leghorn ; a German Prebendary; a similar relation to Liverpool as Southwark does to London, rtast not be uneasy if you should come home later than French Abbé with some ladies; and a Russian officer, or Salford to Manchester. There can be but little doubt

qual." The Prince looked at me. " Perhaps you have had joined us. The physiognomy of the latter had some that the nucleus of a large and populous town has been sken this precaution without mentioning it to me?" I thing so uncommon, as to atıract our particular attention. already formed, which will extend with the extension of

new nothing of it. " It must be so, however,” replied Never in my life did I see such various features, and so Liverpool, not rivalling, but deriving ornament and *e Chamberlain, "since here is your repeating watch, little expression ; so much attractive benevolence, and so strength from the increased wealth of the town, and the

hich you sent me as a mark of authenticity.” The much jepelling coldness, in the same face. Each passion redundancy of its population. rince put his hand to his pocket: it was empty, and he seemed, by turns, to have exercised its ravages on it, and

In 1818 there were only three houses, besides Woodside ex the watch to be his own. " Who brought it ?"to have left it successively. Nothing reivained but the Ferryhouse and the Priory, and a few straggling cottages, dhe, in amazement. “An unknown mask, in an Ar. calm piercing look of a person dreply skilled in the science and the population did not exceed 50. In 1822 it was anian dress, who disappeared immediately." We stood of man; but it was such a looked as abashed every one under 200, and now it exceeds 1300. Upwards of £100,000 oking at each other. “What do you think of this?" on whom it was directed. This extraordinary man file has been expended on buildings and other improvements id the Prince, at last, after a long silence. “ I have a lowed us at a distance, apparenily taking but an indiffe- during the last and present year. Ninety-four new houses cret guardian here at Venice." rent part in all that had happened.

have been built, the rental of which exceeds £3000 per The terrifying adventures of this night brought on the their fortune. We followed their example. The Prince twenty yards wide, extending upwards of a mile from trince a severe leser, which confined him a week. During himself purchased a ticket.

We came to a mountedank's stage. The ladies tried aunum. During the present year, two new streets, of

He won a snuff box. I saw Woodside towards the head of Wallasey Pool, have been s vis time our hotel was crowded with Venetians and stran: him turn pale in opening it-It contained his lost key opened, and a great part of one of them is already Mac,

iscovered rank. They vied with each other in offers of

" How is this?" said he to me, as we were for a moment adamized, and several good houses built on each side of

alone. teir services, and it was not a little entertaining for us to

" A superior power attends me. Onnicience sur. it. These main streets are intersected by various cross

rounds me. serve, that the last visitor seldom failed to hint some watches over my steps. I must seek for the Armenian,

An invisible being, that I cannot escape, streets, all of a good width, and placed at right angles. spicions derogatory to the character of the preceding one and get information from him.”

Wallasey Pool, which was formerly a marı of commerce, Keto dour and arcana poured upon us from all quarters.

and a formidable rival to Liverpool, is likely to become a ery one endeavoured to recommend himself in his own

(To be continued.)

very important adjunct to the commerce of the port. Pos.

sessing, in an eminent degree, numerous facilities for the 7. Our adventure with the Inquisition was no more entioned. The Court of

construction and accommodation of shipping, and for the wishing the Prince to

general purposes of trade, having sufficient depth of water day his departure from Venice for some time, orders

for the largest class of vessels which frequent the port, is ere sent to several bankers to pay him considerable sums

(From the Liverpool Courier.] imoney. He was thus, against his will, enabled to pro.

Inight, at a comparatively trifling expense, be converted

into floating docks, and being in the centre of the trade, act his residence in Italy; and, at his request, I also The improvements which have been carried on in this would afford additional dock space in a part of the river solved to remain some time longer.

town, within the last seven or eight years, have not been the best calculated to promote the interests of the port. As soon as the Prince had recovered strength enough to unattended with corresponding signs of vigour and enter. The timber trade, for instance, could be carried on here to ait his chamber, he was advised by his physician to take prise in the neighbourhoud. Who but has seen, with some great advantage, as three-fourths of all the timber imported I airing in a gondola upon the Brenta, to which, as the what more than surprise, the almost magical appearance is sent up the country in flats. The timber could be yarded, eather was serene, he readily consented. On going into of buildings which have recently sprung up on the opposite and shipped again, at an expense very materially less than je b at he missed the key of a little chest, in which very shore, from the Rock Point to the village of Tranmere? that incurred in this town. The advantages of this situaaluable papers were inchar!. We returned back to We shall, however, for the present, confine our obser- tion appear not to have been appreciated till very lately. search for it immediately. He very distinctly remembered vations to the township of Birkenhead, or that portion of Within the last two years a patene graving-ship, capable bat he had locked the chest the day before, and he had land which is bounded on the south by Tranmere, and of taking on, at the same time, three ships of 100 tons, ever left the room in the interval. As our endeavours to on the north by Wallasey Pool, and recedes backwards to has been erected, and has proved a great accommodation ad it proved ineffectual, we were obliged to relinquish the westward as far as Bidston-bill

, and comprisng about to trade. A shin-building yard, where vessels of 500 tons se cearch, in order to avoid delay. The Prince, whose 1,500 acres, the entire of which, a few years ago, belonged may be launched from the green sod, in ordinary tides, ni was elevated above suspicion, declared the key to be to F. R. Price, Esq; of Bryn-y-Pys. But a brief space, has been established, with saw pits, mould-loft, and every ist, and desired that it might not be mentioned any more. comparatively, has ciup.ed, since a walk from the Wood- convenience necessary for carrying on the trade of ship

Our little voyage was exceedingly arreeable. A pic- side Boat, house, across the fields to Birkenhead Priory, building. An extensive limekiln, timber, slate, and dresque country, which, at every winding of the river, was considered a delightful and retired promenade on the fag .yard, with various other buildings, have also been med to increase in richness and beauty; the sererity

of margin of the river; commanding to the souh an interest. established, where limestone, coals, &c. are landed, with be sky, which formed a May.cay in the middle of Fe. ing and extensive prospect of the upper part of the Mer, out incurring the expense of cartage. A steam-packet. bruary; the delightful gardens and elegant country.scats sey, which opens out into a fine sweeping estuary, bounded boiler manufactory, on an extensive scale, has been erected, shich adorned the banks of the Brenta; the majestic city by the two variegated shores of Lancashire and Cheshire with a sea-wall and basin excavated in front, where steam of Venice behind us, with its lofty spires, and a grove of on the cast and west, and by the Helsby Hills on the vessels of the largest class can lie in perfect safety, and masts, rising as it were out of the waves;-all this afforded south, at the head of the river, and embracing a distanı have their boilers put on board. On the opposite side of as the most splendid spectacle in the world. Wholly view of the venerable Castle of Beeston, which sur noun: the Pool, a foundry and steam.engine manufactory has also abandoned to the enchantment of nature's luxuriant the top of a picturesque and almost perpendicular rock. been es ablished, possessing similar advantages : in short, scenery, our minds shared the hilarity of the day. The The river, from this point of view, assumes very much the banks of this Pool, which, three years ago, were with: Prince himself lost his wonted gravity, and vied with us the appearance and cliaracter of an inland lake, not ren out inhabitants, now assumes the active appearance of a in

our sports and diversions. On our landing, about two dered the less interesting by the endless variery exlıibited place of business, and gives employment to some hundreds Italian miles from the city, we lieard the sound of sprightly on the surface of the water, from the shipping, steam, of workmen. mons; it came from a small village, at a little distance and other vessels of every description and class, ferry-boats, Mr. James Harrison, we believe, was the first individual from the Brenta, where there was at that time a fair. &c., crossing and intersecting the river in all directions who, appreciating the probable advance of property in As we advanced, we saw it crowded with company of every Instead of the rural walk above alluded to, from Wood Birkenhend, becaine a purchaser of land in Birkenhead in description. A troop of young girls and boys, dressed in side to Birkenhead, we have now a wide street, running the year 1818. The proprietors of Birkenhead Hotel made theatrical habits, welcomed us in a pantomimical dance. nearly north and south, which is fast filling up with houses an extensive purchase in the year following: Since that The figare was entirely new. Animation and grace at. on both sides, many of them of the first class, in ele period other sales have followed in rapid succession, tended their motions. Before the dance was concluded, I gance of appearance and interior convenience. The ve. amounting, in the whole, to nearly one-third of the whole the principal actress, who represented a Queen, s'opped nerable ivy-covered priory, which, nine years ago, was estate, or about 500 acres. Particular lots of land have suddenly, as if arrested by an invisible arm. Herself and the only object, with one exception, that graced the field, since risen in value nearly 400 per cent whilst the popu. those around her were motionless. The music ceased. - and formed the subject of antiquarian research, is now lation has increased in the ratio of imeyty-six to one in the The

assembly was silent. Not a breath was to be heard. eclipsed by a handsome Gothic church. The stunted oaks, 1 space of nine years!




with this species of excrescence, the experiment shall be may be immediately known, because, after the last opez made upon such person without any expense, and the tion, it will be the first in the row said to contain it and

result shall be faithfully reported to the public.—Ed. Kal. as each row has a distinguishing character or sign, you CHESS QUERY.

may cause them all to be mixed with each other, and si

be able to discover it by the sign you have remarked. The Beauties of Chess. TO THE EDITOR.

Instead of sixteen counters, sixteen cards may be el, SIR,-I am in the habit of amusing myself in my leisure

ployed. After you have discovered the one thought of, moments, by a variety of pleasing intellectual exercises,

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA.

you may cause them to be mixed, which will concal de

artifice. such as draughts, backgammon, &c. &c. and among them

If a greater number of counters or cards be employed, the game of chess occasionally draws y attention. Now,


disposed in two vertical rows, the counter or card thong Mr. Editor, I am not a professor of any one thing ; con

of will not be at the top of the row after the last tries

1 Bishop ......F-6X 1 Castle......G-7 position : if there are 32 counters or cards, four truss sequently, if a person presume to call himself so, I im

2 Pawn ......D-5

2 Pawn......A--5 positions will be necessary; if 64, there must be fine plicitly yield to his superiority, lest I might occasion a 8 King .........C-7

9 Pawn......D-6 and so on. dispute, which would expose my ignorance, and be the 4 King.........D-8

4 Pawn......A-3

(To be continued.) means of getting myself laughed at-thus I would imme.

5 King..... E-8

5 Pawn......A-2 diately involve my understanding in a labyrinth : there.

6 King:

6 Pawn......A–4 7 Knight

To Correspondents.

7 Pawn......A-3 fore, I say, with the wisest, “ 'Tis wise to be silent at 8 Bishop

8 Pawn......B-2 times."

BOMBASTES FURIOSO.—It is our intention to give this is 9 Castle ...H-IX 9 Castle .H–7

sical piece in a gratuitous supplement next week, togria The other evening a friend of this description happened 10 Pawn ...G-7XMATE.

with several articles of amusement for the Christiuas hat to drop in, and, of course, he would, with his usual gal.

day folk. lantry, “ challenge me out.” There was no alternative


THE ELDER POETS.We shall, next week, continue ourede but play I must. Then I'll describe the movement of our The white to win with a pawn iu ten moves, without

of this interesting collection. W. B. is informed, then pawns, and humbly solicit your authority for their validity,

taking either castle or pawn.

did not conceive the order of the introduction of the

pleces to be very material. and take your diagram with its symbols, &c.

We shall comply with our correspondent's directicas tal Suppose I play with white, and my opponent black :


shall, next week, give the remaining specimens of Samay then I commence by moving the king's pawn two squares

poems from E 2 to E 4. My opponent commences by moving

V 8

1927, the anticipated number of the Washington Gesti

a Us 3 H the king's bishop's pawn two squares from F7 to F5,

rather of too political cast for the Kuleidoscope; here the angle of the squares E 4 and F 5 join or meet.

shall re-peruse it more carefully than we have yet deal Can I pass my opponent's angle without taking his piece ?

If A Traveller will favour us with a few specimens, weil

better know how to reply to his note. Thus, can I move E 4 without being compelled to take F5?


The Music intended for this week's Kaleldoscope is nages 'Again : suppose I move my king's pawn three squares,

postponed for another week. (in one move I know it cannot be done,) but suppose my


Ghosts. As we have ventured on this subject, B. may exped king's pawn to be on the square E 5, can my opponent

an early insertion of his anecdote. move his king's bishop's pawn, or queen’spawn, two squares,

T. 2. F. is informed that we doubt the originality of the partes and so pass my king's pawn?-thus: my king's pawn E5,

on Life, Death, and Eternity. It may be also necesito my opponent's king's bishop's to F 5, or the queen's pawn

apprize him that we are not in the habit of being in

by threats such as he has held out. to D 5? I have heard disputes from time to time on these

GREECE.-G. H. must not be offended with us if we queries, but never knew the correct way of playing the

that his verses on Greece would do him no crede i pawns: perhaps you will be kind enough to explain these

lished. Let him show them to any judicious fried Media points of dispute, or insert these few lines so as to enable

he deems our sentence harsh. What is the meaning dita some of your readers to do so. This has always been a

following verse ?

And for the monarch of our isle, stumbling-block to me.-Some early compliance will much

His people's hearts possessing, oblige a constant reader,

W.X. Y. Z.

May bounteous Heaven ever smile

On him-its choicest blessing.

We have heard of invoking blessings, and showorlag te RECIPES, &c.


ings; but "smiling blessings" is entirely new to us.

THE GHOST SEER.-Our friends, who have long recommes TO THE EDITOR.

The Fireside.

our revival of this interesting story of Schiller, wil penel DEAR KAL,- I beg to inform you that I am a constant reader of your Kaleidoscope, and frequently observe reme, tant occupations, it is necessary to spend another in merè amuse- Chess. We have inserted the letter of W. X. 2.2. ln care

" In order to employ one part of this life in serious and impor.

that we have commenced it this day. We shall folke

up unremittingly until completed. dies for different imperfections, and minor other useful ments." - JOHN LOCKE. and interesting things :-and, as many of my friends have received much benefit by attending to several of your re

There is a time to laugh and a time to weep."—SOLOMON.

column, but must defer our own remarks on the sati

We believe there is an express law on the subject in sede cipes, I beg to suggest to you, that a continuance of them will always be of service to some of your friends. Now,


the works on chess; but we cannot immediately tra

-We have unluckily mislaid the query of another er dear Kal., I am sorry to inform you that my face is rather apt to flush and spot, which gives me much trouble and

from our last.)

spondent respecting queening. We expect to find,

shall give a reply in our next. inconvenience; and as our sex always think that they are very interesting (if not beautiful,) although not exactly which a person has thought of.

Sixteen counters being disposed in two roros, to find that | SCIENCE AND NATURAL HISTORY..We shall, next weet up

mence a series of selections from an interesting Ames gifted with a handsome face, you may easily imagine that I consider this defect is adequately counterpoised to think

of one, and to observe well in which row it is : The counters being arranged as follow, desire the person

work on the elements of natural history, with skettad

of & new theory of the earth. by the lady possessing a fine form. My shape is con

scarcely known yet, in England; and we can promle te sidered to be very good; and I was told the other day,

А B C D EF н I

readers some amusement and Instruction from Its per that if I could take away the spots from my face it would

0 0


The problem recommended by Tyre shall be a handsome one. Having explained the purport of this

noticed next week. note, I trust that either you or some of your correspond.

0 ents will be kind enough to furnish me with a cure, (through

If C. A. will have a little further patsence with us, we but your valuable miscellany,) which will be gratefully re

no doubt of finding the MS. after which he inquire. I ceived by


knew the thousands of manuscripts which we have to war


through in the course of our editorial drudgery, he woul Liverpool, October 19, 1827.

0 0 0 0

O 0

rather pity than chide. Let us suppose that the counter thought of is in the ANTIQUITIES.-—The letter of our correspondent on this subles REMOVAL OF WENS AND EXCRESCENCES.

IOW A ; take up the whole row in the order in which it shall appear in both our publications. The engraving lain A gentleman of our acquaintance, and who has no in- a manner, that the first counter

of the row

A may be the HERBERT Milton, an interesting extract from which web terest in such matters, has assured us that he is in pos- first of the row C; the second of the row A, the first of inserted in this day's Kaleidoscope, was originally writte session of the means of removing all wens, however largę, the row D; and so on, transferring the sixteen counters

under the

title of Almacks; but the name was changed or of whatever standing they may be. His process is from A and B to C and D. This being done, again ask Herbert Milton, in consequence of another novelist barie extremely simple, attended with no pain or inconvenience in which of the vertical rows the counter thought of stands. made Almacks the subject of a novel previously published. to the patient ; and he speaks with such confidence on the We shall suppose it to be in C: remove that row as weli We have further to acknowledge An old Shipmate, and J. B test . We, therefore, take this mode of informing our in this

manner until the counter thought of becomes the Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by E. SMITA readers, that if they know any poor person who is afflicted first of the row I. If you then ask in which row it is, it and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord--street.

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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


this familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and

MANTERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRANA, Arts and SCIENCES, Wit and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming & sandsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGK. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

fo. 390.-Vol. VIII.



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The Philanthropist.

| letting in water, or bilging, &c. by H. Evans, Har- , for the introduction of air vessels, cork, or othe bour-master, Holyhead, patentee.”

buoyant matter, without interfering with the stowage FETY SHIPS-CERTAIN MODE OF PRE

We must refer our readers to Mr. Evans's pam- of the vessel. These interstices Mr. Watson would VENTING VESSELS SINKING, FROM LEAK. phlet for a specification of his plan, of which we fill up with copper tubes, of a cylindrical form, herAGE OR THE ORDINARY ACCIDENTS OF shall only here observe, that he recommends parti- metically sealed, and in number sufficient to render THE SEA.

tioning and strengthening the vessel. It does appear, the ship and cargo specifically lighter than their bulk

however, to us, from an inspection of the diagrams, of water; nor can any reflecting person doubt of the ** SALUS POPULI LES SUPREMA."

that the advantage will interfere materially with the efficacy of this means of buoying up vessels, and stowage.

rendering them safe from leakage, and the ordinary - The preservation of lives and property from de

The plan of dividing ships into separate water- accidents of the sea. uction at sea, by the sinking of vessels from leakage d various other causes, is of such immense im tight compartments, has been in use amongst the

Since the appearance of the first article on this Efstance that, we are persuaded, no apology will be Chinese for centuries. These compartments, which subject in the Sphynx, a correspondent of the Britisk 3 prired for transferring to the Kaleidoscope an

are engaged by different merchants, and have sepa- Traveller has suggested the substitution of canvas air sticle on the subject from the Mercury. It is here rate locks, are found to strengthen the vessels so bags, instead of copper vessels ; and if they would larged, and the entire letter from the Sphynx is

that they will resist shocks, which would tear other answer the same purpose, they would certainly be so added, to render the details more complete.

ships to pieces; and when the water makes over infinitely cheaper, whilst they might remain uninflated

them, these compartments being water-tight, render until they were wanted.— The only difficulty we conur gratuitous supplement this week enables us

the vessel buoyant. devote to this subject a considerable portion of

template, is rendering them completely air-tight. - columns, without depriving our readers of their the Chinese junks, the form and construction of which are very fine texture, forned into square bags, made air

“ Their foreign traders are built on the same plan as The material recommended is “cord canvas, of a Te proportion of other matter.-Edit. Kal.

certainly not to be held out as perfect models of naval ar- and water-tight, by being saturated in India rubber,

chitecture; yet, as they have subsisted some thousands of &c. and made fast in contact with each other, to the l'he suggestions to which we are about to call the years unaltered, they are at least entitled to a little respect under surface of the under deck.” s ous attention of our readers this day, are as deeply from the antiquity of the invention. As these vessels never i generally interesting to the public as any sub- were intended for ships of war, extraordinary swiftness It is obviously impracticable to ascertain the average

which can be contemplated; and we trust that for pursuit or escape was not an essential quality: se specific gravity of a laden ship, as it will depend upon a time is not far distant when the perils of the sea curity, rather than speed, was the object of the owner. the nature of her cargo. A ship laden with fir timber 1 he most materially diminished, by the adoption And as no great capitals were individually employed in will be considerably lighter than sea-water, whilst some of the methods pointed out in the following trade, and the merchant was both owner and navigator, a another laden with ebony or dyewood, will be heavier icle.

limited tonnage was sufficient for his own merchandise ; than a corresponding bulk of the fluid. As the ship in the Mercury of the 30th of November, advert- the vessel was, therefore, divided, in order to obviate this itself is buoyant without its cargo, and as a great

inconvenience, into distinct compartments, so that one portion of goods on board would float, we shall asto the alleged invention of Mr. Watson, for pre: ship might separately accommodate many merchants. sume half the actual weight to be the specific gravity iting ships from foundering, we stated, that all the bulk-heads by which these divisions were formed, of entire ship and cargo. A vessel, then, of 400 tons % plans which had hitherto been devised for the consisted of planks of two inches thick, so well caulked would require 200 tons of buoyant matter to keop tpise, interfered with stowage and the rate of and secured as to be completely water-tight. Whatever her from foundering. In salt water, about 40 tons ling, which, in a commercial country, would pro- objections may be started against the dividing of ships' bly more than countervail the great desideratum holds, (and the interference in the

stowage seems to be of cork would effect this, but as the expense of such seriect security.

the most material one,) it cannot be denied that it gives a quantity would anıount to thirteen or fourteen hunZach is the rage for “ getting on,” in the present to large vessels many important advantages. A ship, thus dred pounds, there is very little likelihood that this is that, if the choice in travelling by land lay be fortified with cross hulk-beads, may strike on a rock and material will ever be applied to such use, although sen two vehicles, one of which, although unques- yet sustain no serious injury; a leak springing in one there is one circumstance in favour of the applimably safe, was slow, while the other, liable to all division of the hold will not be attended with any damage cation ; the cork would be as good and valuable e ordinary accidents, got “ well over the ground,” to the articles placed in another: and by the ship being when the ship was broken up as when first put in, e preference would, in nine cases out of ten, be thus so well bound together, she is firm and strong enough and the outlay of capital would be in interest rather

to sustain a more than ordinary shock. It is well known than in principal. It is to be regretted that Mr. red to the latter.

to seamen, that when a large ship strikes the ground, the Watson has not stated the probable expense of the If perfect safety to the crews and

passengers of ips be a consideration paramount to cheapness of the decks begin to part from the sides; but this sepa. siderable: and the plan of tight canvas bags, if they

first indication of her falling in pieces is when the edges copper vessels he recommends; but it must be conad expedition, there is no question that vessels ration can never happen when the sides and the deck are izht be so constructed as to bid defiance to all the firmly bound together by cross bulk-heads. In fact, this

• Corkwood, of course, differs in buoyancy according to its Edinary dangers of the sea ; whereas, at present, it old Chinese invention is now on trial in the British navy, quality. In making some experiments with the cork collar

Dotorious, that in our firmest built vessels there as a new experiment."-Barrow's Voyage to Cochin. jackets, we found that, in fresh water, a pound of cork would to use a familiar phrase, “only a plank between China, p 319.

float rather more than four pounds of iron; and, taking in to s and eternity.”

How far this plan resembles that of Mr. Evans we account the material difference between fresh and salt water

we are probably not far from the mark in assuming that Since we last addressed our readers on this sub- cannot determine, for want of the requisite skill in forty tons of cork would keep afloat a ship of 400 tons at sea. ct, a pamphlet has been sent to us for perusal, with naval architecture. We shall, therefore, proceed to the forty tons of cork would, of course, when not submerged. De following title :—“ Patent safety hold, for ren- the consideration of Mr. Watson's plan, as described add just so much to the burden of the vessel;—the copper

tubes would be liable to the same objection, although in a eing sailing ships and vessels, either sailing or in the Sphynx of last Sunday.

less degree; and in this respect the canvas bags would have spelled by steam, more safe in case of leakage, It appears that there is in large ships ample room the decided advantage.

• Since we wrote the above, we recollected that there

nearer home."

could be easily made air and water tight, would have keep a ship upright, by submerging the keel sufficiently over thousands of miles of space, in the midst of temper greatly the advantage in point of economy.*

below the surface of the fluid, and in this state she would and hurricanes that, in their fury, destroy the strong never be liable to sink.

ships. The editor of the Sphimx says of Mr. Watson's air- In addition, however, to the materials of wbich the ship It is then by the same application of this simple hou tuhes that “ they interfere with no room or space for sea, has other substances on board, which counteract them all to repose as it were upon rafts of air-filled cube is actually constructed, almost every vessel, when fitted powerful law of nature to the decks of vessels

, making now appropriated to the stowage of cargo, stores, this floating tendency, and make the balance of total spe- that Mr. Watson proposes to secure them from the passion or provisions—they offer no impediment to a ship's cific gravity greatly against her safety ; or, in other words, bility of sinking as long as any portion of the ship's in sailing--they would not depress her an inch lower in make the ship and all her contents so much heavier than holds together, or these tubes remain unbroken.

This lcals us to speak of the safety of the tubes fra the water; and when once fixed, they would require large quantity of atmospheric,air included in the otherwise such an accident. Those who have at all understand ce no attention or alteration in any state of wind or unoccupied parts of ber hull, she would sink without an previous description of their position between the beans

, weather.”

effort. 'Her safety, howerer, from this cause, is liable to will see at a glance, that if security from injury were he

be endangered by any leak which may be sufficiently only object, there is no part of the ship in which they could We are not prone to prophecy; but we shall ven- powerful to displace this air by water; in which case her be placed where they would be so safe as here. liore ture to predict that, before many years have elapsed, destruction is certain.

with an under-lining, or thin ceiling of plank, the some of these methods of securing ships from sinking she gans, shior, and much of the stores and provisions, are surfaces would be a sufficient protection against the

The iron and shingle ballast in ships of war, as well as not be liable even to a scratch or a blow. Their will be partially, if not generally, adopted. Pro- of the description of counterbalancing weights alluded to; forced in, by the mere pressure of water, in case on prietors of steam-boats especially would find it their and the cargoes of merchant ships are most frequently of mersion--for stout copper may well withstand wie interest to attend to the suggestion; as there is no the same unfavourable nature: so that, with a very few thin glass will resist. No shot in action, the direcdoubt that steam-vessels fitted up on the buoyant other materials lighter than water, it may be taken as a of motion, would be likely even to touch them ; zde

exceptions of ships wholly laden with liquids, timbit, or which is chiefly horizontal, while it retnins any gerust principle would be so generally preferred to those of general position, ihat all ships sufficiently laden and store riolence of pitching or rolling of the ship itseli che the present construction, that an additional sixpence for voyages of any length, are, from the moment of their danger their safety, if fitted in with ordinary care to a head passage money would soon remunerate the quitting port, liable to the calamity of foundering, should builder. Nothing, therefore, could be more secure

they sustain an injury to their bottoms, or encounter a injury than the air-filled tubes in question. owners for the extra expense.

leak which the ordinary power of their pumps could not Next, they interfere with no room or space Dot subdue.

priated to the stowage of cargo, stores, or pron

To prevent this, the following is Mr. Watson's plan:- they offer no impediment whatever to a ship's rated was some intimation of the expense of Mr. Watson's appara. It is known to all persons familiar with the construction of ing,--they would not depress her a single inch kra tus, in the first article which appeared on the subject in the ships, that the cross-beams, on which the decks are laid, the water,-and, when once fixed, they would régi Sphynx, from which we copy the following paragraph:-" It are of considerable thickness and depth, to support the attention or alteration in any state of the wind or v is gratifying to be able to state, that the plan combining immense weight which the decks themselves have to bear. Greater advantages than these, we conceive, it falk these advantages may be applied to every ship or vessel in As it is necessary, however, that these beams should not literally impossible for any invention to possess : se existence, whatever her age, form, class, or manner of con- interfere with the free passage of the seamen between the end to be attained by it-the preservation des struction, and that without the slightest alteration of her decks, or the working of the guns in time of action, it is lives and property now every year sacrificed tyng existing frame-work, be it what it may; merely by an addi- necessary to make the height from the upper surface of the foundering at sea there can be but one opinion 22:47 tion to it, which will neither reduce her strength, her rate lower deck to the under surface of the beams supporting the disinterested part of the community as to the impass of sailing, nor her capacity of burthen; and which, on an deck next above it, at least equal to the average height of of its accomplishment. average, will not cost more than about five per cent. on the a full-grown man, and, in some ships, even more. There Supposing, however, a ship to be literally to topics value of the ship to which it may be applied; an expense not consequently remains a very large space between the and separated beam from beam, and plank from a greater than the cost of insuring such a vessel for one voyage beams themselves, and beneath each deck supported by till not a single part of her hull reinained smerter only to India and return; or the amount of a single year's them, which is perfectly unoccupied, and which might the very disseveration of her frame would at once sa * insurance on the shorter trips made by cousting vessels therefore be filled up entirely, without being attended with a life-buoy for every man on board; and any portie*** any imaginable inconvenience.

deck that still hung together, even in fragies In those parts of the ship allotted to the accommo- make the so test and most buoyant raft that cedit k sebe From the Sphynx of the 9th December.

dation of the officers and passengers, the lower surface structed for those who might take refuge on it.

of the beams is generally covered over with a slight ceiling Here, in the river Thames, are to be seen, etzt, In a former number of this journal we announced the of plank, and painted, for the mere purpose of giving a ships' buoys made of copper, Aoating sir-ply by discovery or invention, by Mr. Ralph Watson, of a plan smooth appearance to the upper parts of the cabins: and, filled with air, and continuing tight against any for effectually securing ships against the calamity of foun in the Royal Yachts, we believe, the hollow within is bearing the weight of heavy buoy.ropes, and the per dering at sea, and stated our impressions after seeing its filled up with cork, to prevent the tread of those walking of a ride running often with great violence. Ad ** application to the model of an eighty gun ship, which Mr. on the deck above from being heard by those who occupy such buoys would support two or three men from the Watson had prepared for the purpose of demonstrating its the cabin below. In all other parts of the ship, however, and every one of Mr. Watson's air-filled copper chip safety and efficacy. We shall now redeem our plexige by the space between the beams of every deck is entirely open, in the event of a total separation of the wreck, describing, as intelligibly as we may be able to do, amidst and unappropriated to any purpose wbutever.

however, can never happen in case of mere fourrere the difficulties of so technical and scientific a subject, the This waste space Mr. Watson proposes to fill up en would serve the same purpose. principle on which this invention is founded, and ihe mode tirely with copper tubes, of a cylindrical form, reaching Another vast advaniage arising from the prese in wliich it is to be practically applied.

from beam to beam, either in straight or diagonal lines, this certain security against sinking, would be It is well known that the mere bulk or size of any sub- as the beams may best admit, terminating at each extre in the event of fire, another awful calamity at se, stance will neither occasion it to sink, nor swim on the sur- mity by convex or sensi-globular ends, and every part of unsparing use might be made of water from a face of the water; the whale, whose weight is often near the cylinder or tube hermetically sealed. These iubes which often cannoć now be done without danger 100 tons, floating as certainly and securely on the bosom would vary from eight or ten to four or six feet in length, opposite fate of sinking. In an Indianan, or of the deep, as the lightest nawilus that skins its surface; and from two feet to eight or ten inchies in diameter, ac- battle ship, for instance, in case of fire, a ship is and the ratt, formed of a thousand logs of oak or fir, being cording to the depth of the beams, the largest tubes' hauled close to the wind under a heavy press of a as buoyant as the thinnest shaving or splinter that can be being required for ships of the largest beams, and the her lee-ports and scuttles opened purposely to per separated from the mass; while the minutest grain of smaller ones being amply sufficient for ships whose beams to fill, and thus overpower the firmes. When cours sand that can be gathered by the sea-shore is as sure to are or smaller dimensions.

is felt that, beyond a certain point, she coukl nost, sink, when thrown into the water, as a granite moun. It has been calculated that, supposing all the under sinking her to that point

would be boldly wr.dert tain would be, if rooted froin its base and hurled into the parts of any ship's decks to be fitted with such tubes, thus every danger averteti.

and these filled with even atmospheric air only, (though When it is remembered, that, according to the m* It is the difference of specific gravities, or relative weights still lighter air could, if necessary, be employed.) they curate reports collected for a series of years, nezn* in the substance and the elemete with which it is brought would contain, in their aggregate' number and capacity, British ships are lost hy wreck, tire, and tourdering

. I into contact, that alone causes this diference. Whatever a bulk of air equal to counterbalance the specitic gravity day in the year,--and that this appalling calan. is speditically lighter than tive quantity of water which its or contents of any ship, however constructed. or however almost made to disappear entirely from the cat.k own bulk will displace by immersion in the fluid, will finden, and, consequently, to prevent her sinking bevond human ills, at so small an expense as five per certe swim; and whatever is specifically heavier than the same the point at which these tubes would come in contact actual value of any ship that can be named, men bulk of water, will sink : a law of nature, which is as un- with the water.

lightest the largest mass of iron or lead. --to the nut shell shallop alled with air, is familiar to every one who has ever learnt their capacity for burchen, we should say, that both

The principle of supporting great weights by bladders vion, without detriment to their strength, their spe of the playful infant, us to the trueing fortress of a hun" to swim. Tie fiouling of ships trom offshoals or rocks by but the most bigoted adherence to old things, Lima dred guns.

means of empty casks, or, niore strictly speaking, casks defective, could prevent its immediate and universalas In the construction of every ship that is built, the larçest filled with air, is an operation known to every seaman tion. of naval architecture, in which iron and copper have suco employment eren of that most fragile of all materials, for to those least acquainted with nuutical afairs man water; and even in the medern and improved system de sinking while filled with air, leads to the constant tion, which we have endeavoured to render inte

We cannot conclude this imperfect sketch of an insy ceeded to ork and tir , in the knees, bults, Fastenings

, and converting intelligence of Discovery Ships in unknown seas, mentioning that conta Watson seeks for no patent shenthings of the largest vessels, the whole of the nuts

, often waring diselipe of paper, corkup up in its interior, sive privilege for his plan-sofisting it to the world som much less specitie gravity than the bulk

or water which shores of England, and riding buoyantly triumphant ovey enter a once on the free and full enjoyment ot is avia their weight displaces, that these alone require ballast to every danger, for the space of a full year in time, and tages.



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