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lexcess. He formed bis attachments with caution and We had not recovered from our surprise when the Ar The Bouquet.
timidity, but when once formed they were permanent and menian stood before us. "I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have cordial. In the midst of a tumultuous crowd he walked “You are known here, my Prince !" said he. “Kasten brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties thern." alone. Occupied by his own visionary ideas, he often was to your hotel. You will find there the deputies of the
a stranger to the world about him. Sensible of the de. Senate. Do not hesitate to accept the honour they interd THE GHOST SEER.
ficiency of his own judgment, he was apt to give an un to offer you. Baron F- forgot to tell you that your
warrantable preference to the judgment of others. Though remittances are arrived." He disappeared among the Hence, horrible shadow !
far from being weak. no man was more liable to be go. I crowd. Unreal mockery, hence !-Shukspeare.
verned. When conviction, however, had once entered We hastened home, and found every thing as the Ar
his mind, he became firm and decisive ; equally courageous menian had told us. Three nobleinen of the Republic As the ghost season is either at hand. or fast ap. to combat an acknowledged prejudice, and to die for a were waiting to pay their respects to the Prince. and new one.
attend him to the assembly, where the first nobility of the proaching, (for spectres, like rogues, owls, and bats, As he was the third Prince of his house, he had no city were ready to receive him. He had hardly an opher still shun the light,) we intend to devote a portion expectation of acquiring the sovereignty. His ambition tunity of giving me a hint to be on the watch. *** of our miscellany to spiritual concerns : in hopes had never been awakened; his passions had taken an. | About eleven o'clock at night he returned. On enterite
other turn. He read much, but without discrimination. the room he appeared grave and thoughtful. He took that such attention on our parts will propitiate their
As his education had been neglected, and as he had early by the hand, and having dismissed the servants, Cours ghostships, and thereby secure ourselves from their entered the career of arms, his understanding had never said he, in the words of Hamlet nocturnal visitations to chide us for neglecting to come to maturity. Hence the knowledge he afterwards “There are more things in heaven and earth pay a proper respect to the tenants of the invisible acquire neat to the tenants of the invisible acquired, served but to increase the chaos of his ideas, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy." because it was built on an unstable foundation.
“ You seem to forget, my Prince," replied 1, "the world, who have, from time immemorial, possessed Like the rest of his family, he professed the Protestant
the rest of his family, he professed the Protestant you are going to bed a great deal richer in prospectul such fearful influence over the mind of man. religion, because he was born in it. Inquiry or investi. The deceased was the hereditary Prince If the story we are about to lay before our readers &
gation he had never attempted, although at one period “Do not mention it," said the Prince. “If I sted
of his life he had been an enthusiast. It is necessary to even have acquired a crown, I am now too much engan should, in any degree, tend to lessen that influence, observe, that he had never been a freemason.
to think of such a trifle. If this Armenian has not merely by questioning the reality of the existence of super- ! One evening, as usual, we were walking by ourselves, puessed by chance_ natural agents, it will be no fault of ours; and we well masked, in the square of St. Mark. It was late, and
" How can that be, my Prince ?"' interrupted I. 7 the crowd was dispersing. The Prince observed a mask resign all my hopes of royalty for a monk's habit." The hope that no ghost, who has any pretensions to good which followed us every where. This mask was an mentioned this purposely, to show how far every ambitsa breeding, or who has any sense of justice, will visit Armanian, and walked alone. We quickened our steps, \ idea was then distant from his thoughts. the sins of others upon our heads. He or she (for and by different turns endeavoured to lose him. It was 1 The next evening we went sooner than usual de
hot in vain; the mask was always close behind us. spirits are, we believe, of both sexes) must know that"
square of St. Mark. A sudden shower of rain obligat may “You have no intrigue here, I hope?" said the Prince
to enter a coffee-house, where we found a party earum the narrator of the story is the celebrated Schiller; at last, the husbands of Venice are dangerous.”
at cards. The Prince took his place behind the chaire and that we merely act in the subordinate capacity “I do not know a single lady," was my answer.
Spaniard, to observe the game, I went into an adore
“Let us sit down here, and speak German," said he: chamber to read the newspapers. I was soon disturbi of literary resurrection men, to raise the defunct, I fancy we are mistaken for other persons."
by a noise in the card-room. Previous to the entranet body of one of the numerous progeny of the German" We sat down upon a stone bench, and expected the
We sat down upon a stone bench, and expected the the Prince, the Spaniard had been constantly losing poet.
Armenian would have passed by. He came directly up since that he had been regularly winning. The fortes It is our determination. at all hazards, to revive to us, and placed himself close by the Prince. The latter of the game was reversed in a striking manner, and a
took out his watch, and rising at the same time, addressed bank was in danger of being challenged by the points the Ghost Seer, who has lain dormant for some years; Ime thus in French :-" It is past nine. Come, we forget who, since this sudden change, had become a and our resolution has been taken on these grounds that we are waited for at the Louvre."
turous. The Venetian, who kept the bank, adres either there are ghosts, or there are no ghosts. If This was only a pretence to deceive the Armenian.
the Prince in a very rude manner, told him that bir
“ Nine,” repeated the latter, in a slow and expressive there are no ghosts, then it is laudable to endeavour voice.
sence interrupted the fortune of the game, and we
ought to quit the table. The latter looked verseny to show to those who believe in them that they only “Congratulate yourself my Prince;" (calling him by
ngratulate yourself my Prince ;” (calling him by him, remained in his place, and preserved the seer bied exist in imagination. If there be ghosts, they must his real name,) "he died at nine."
tenance, when the Venetian repeated his demand either be good or evil; either “spirits of health, or
In saying this he arose and went away.
French. He thought the Prince understood neither Pred ", orl We looked at each other in amazement.
w goblins damned,”-bringing with them “ airs from
nor Italian; and addressing himself, with a contempleta " Who is dead ?” said at last the Prince, after a long
sneer, to the company, said : “ Pray, Gentlemeti, ted! heaven, or blasts from hell.” Now, if they be good silence.
how I must make myself understood by this fool!" spirits, they can have no possible obiection to have “Let us follow him," replied I, “and ask for an ex.
the same time he rose, and prepared to seize the Prince planation." their pretensions serutinized; nor need they care, " We searched every corner of the place; the mask was Venetian with a strong arm, and threw lvim violat
the arm. Patience forsook the latter. He grapped though their very existence be questioned, as it has no more to be found. We returned to our hotel in dis the ground. The company rose up in confusion. Ang been by the author wbose work we are about to appointment. The Prince did not speak a word to me I noise I hastily entered the Tall the way. He walked on at a little distance by himself, by his name, " Take care," said I. imprudentis; "
noise I hastily entered the room, and calling the te revive. If they be evil spirits, they ought to be and, as he told me afterwards, the conflict within him was lire a Venice •xposed; and we accordingly defy them and all I'violent. Having reached home, he began at length to The name of Prince caused a general silence, their works,--and so to our task, without further
task withont further speak.--" It is laughable," said he, " that a madman ended in a whispering that seemed to portend somas
should have the power of disturbing a man's tranquillity very disagreeable. All the Italians who were pre preface,
by two words." We wished each other a good night, and divided into parties, and went aside. One after the
when in my own apartment, I noted down in my pocket. I left the room. We soon found ourselves alone w THE GHOST SEER.
| book, the day and the hour when this adventure hap: Spaniard and a few Frenchmen. " You are undone ? pened. It was on a Thursday.
Prince," said these, if you do nat immediate Translaled and abridged from the German of the cele- The next evening the Prince said to me: “ Will you the town. The Venetian whom you have treated bruted Schiller, by Merritt.
go with me to the square of St. Mark, and seek for our lierly is rich enough to hire a Bravo. It costs him but
mysterious Armenian ? I long to see this comedy upra-zechins to send you out of the world.” The sp On my return to Courland in the year 17-, sometime velled." I consented. We walked in the place till eleven. offered, for the security of the Prince, to go for the about the Carnival, I visited the Prince of at The Armenian was no where to be seen. We repeated and to accompany us home. The Frenchmen propria Venice. We had been acquainted in the service, our walk the four following nights, and every time with do the skine. We were still standing and considering and we renewed here an intimacy which had been in the same success.
I was to be done, when some officers of the Inquisitica! terrupted by the restoration of peace. As I wished to see On the sixth evening, as we went out of the hotel, tered the room. They showed us an order of Goverom the curiosities of this city, and as the Prince was waiting whether designedly or otherwise, I cannot recollect, I told which charged us both to follow them immediately only for the arrival of remittances to return to his native the servants where we might be found in case we were arrived under a strong escort at the canal, where country, he easily prevailed on me not to depart before asked for. The Prince remarked my precaution, and ap- dola was waiting for us. We embarked, and were bu him. We agreed not to separate during the time of our proved of it with a smile. We found the place very much folded before we landed. They then led us up a residence at Venice, and the Prince was so kind as to crowded. Scarcely had we advanced thirty steps, when I stone staircase, and through a long turning talia accommodate me at his lodgings at the Moyr.
perceived the Armenian, who was endeavouring, to press vaults, as I judged from the echoes that resounded in As the small revenues of the Prince did not permit him through the crowd, and seemed to seek for some person. Our feet. At last we came to another staircase, and to maintain the dignity of his rank, he lived at Venice We were just approaching him, wben Baron F- , one ing descended twenty-six steps, we entered a spacio incognito. Two noblemen, in whom he had entire con. of the Prince's retinue, came up to us quite breathless, where they took the bandage from our eyes. We la Gdence, composed all his retinue. He shunned expenses, and gave the Prince a letter: "It is sealed with black," ourselves in a circle of venerable old men, all dres however, more from inclination than economy. He said he. We supposed from this that it contained matters black. The hall was hung round with black, an avoided all kinds of diversions, and though he was but of importance. I was sruck as with a thunderbolt. illuminated. The dead silence which reigned in a thirty-five years old, he had resisted the numerous at. The Prince went near a torch and began to read.
sembly, struck us with horror. One of the old mes, tractions of this voluptuous city. To the charms of the "My cousin is dead !” exclaimed he.
bably the first Inquisitor, approached the Prince" fair sex he was wholly indifferent. A settled gravity and “When?" said I, quickly interrupting him.
awful countenance, and said, at the same moments a profound melancholy were the prominent features of his He looked again into the letter, "Last Thursday ing him the Venetian, who was just then broup character. His passions were tranquil, but obstinate to 'night at ninc."
Iward ; « Do you know this man to be the same
fended you at the coffee-house?” “I do," answered | The Queen stood with her eyes fixed on the ground in a forming the most prominent objects on the southern the Princesa Then, addressing the prisoner, " Is this the deep stupefaction. On a sudden she started from her re- promontory of Birkenhead, now give picturesque beauty same person whom you meant to have assassinated this verie, with the fury of one inspired, and lookly wildly to the gardens, and break the formal appearance of the right?". The prisoner teplied, “Yes” In the same around her. “A King is among us !" she exclaimed, front of the elegant hotel, erected by Messrs. Hetherington aw, with horror, the er crown from
feet and Grindrod, on the most commanding situation wbich bead of the Venetian immediately severed from his body of the Prince. Every one present cast their eyes upon the margin of the Mersey can furnish. Elegant cottages " Are you content with this satisfaction ?" said the In. him, and doubted for a moment whether there was any are fast springing up on the banks of the river, and the quisitor. The Prince fainted in the arms of his attend. meaning in this farce ; so much were they deceived by the space betwixt the extremities of the points we have med. ants. "Go," added the Inquisitor, turning to me, with impressive seriousness of the actress. Silence was at last tioned is undergoing a rapid transition from a plain sur. la terrible raice, Go, and in future judge less incon-broken by a general clapping of the hands, as a mark of face to a newly-created town. It may be asked, and with siderately of the justice of Venice.”
approbation. I looked at the Prince. He was not a little great propriety too, why this portion of land, lying, as it An unknown friend, it was evident, had thus saved us disconcerted, and endeavoured to escape the inquisitive does, immediately opposite to the town, has lain so long from inesitable death, by interposing, in our behalf, the eyes of the spectators. He threw money to the players, unnoticed and neglected ; affording, at the same time, so active arm of justice, but who it was we could not conjec- and hastened out t coniec , and hastened out of the company.
many facilities to the trade and commerce of this port, tare. Filled with terror, we reached our hotel. It was We had advanced but a few steps, when a vencrable monk, and the health and enjoyment of its inhabitants? Why after midnight. The chamberlain Z- impatiently pressing through the crowd, stopped the Prince in his way. I has it all at once sprung into notice and importance? rested for us at the door. “You did very well to send us " My Lord !" said he, “ give the holy Virgin part of your Steam navigation is, doubtless, the agent which has promessage," said he to the Prince, as he lighted us up. gold. You will want her prayers." He uttered these duced so mighty a revolution on the shores of the sister The news which Baron F- soon after brought us words in a tone of voice which struck us extremely, and county, by rendering the passage across the Mersey at all peeting you, from the square of St. Mark, would other disappeared in the throng.
times safe and certaip. Calculating upon a proportionate we have given us the greatest uneasiness.”_"I sent in the meantime our company had increased. An increase of the trade of the town for the next twenty years, ou a message ? When? I know nothing of it." English Lord, whom the Prince had seen before at Nice ; this portion of the neighbouring shore will stand in a 1bis evening, after eight, you sent us word that we some merchants of Leghorn ; a German Prebendary ; a similar relation to Liverpool as Southwark does to London, not be uneasy if you should come home later than
French Abbé with some ladies; and a Russian officer, or Salford to Manchester. There can be but little doubt ** The Prince looked at me. " Perhaps you have had joined us. The poysiognomy of the latter had some that the nucleus of a large and populous town has been so this precaution without mentioning it to me?" I thing so uncommon, as to attract our particular attention. already formed, which will extend with the extension of I nothing of it. " It must be so, however." replied Never in my life did I see such various features, and so Liverpool, not rivalling, but deriving ornament and
Chamberlain,“ since here is your repeating watch, little expression; so much attractive benevolence, and so strength from the increased wealth of the town, and the which you sent me as a mark of authenticity." The much repelling coldness, in the same face. Each passion redundancy of its population. Tinte put his hand to his pocket: it was empty, and he seemed, by turns, to have exercised its ravages on it, and. In 1818 there were only three houses, besides Woodside ter the watch to be his own. " Who brought it ?" to have left it successively. Nothing reruained but the Ferrybouse and the Priory, and a few straggling cottages, whe, in amazement. "An unknown mask, in an Arcalm piercing look of a person deeply skilled in the science and the population did not exceed 50. In 1822 it was i mian dress, who disappeared immediately." We stood of man; but it was such a looked as abashed every one under 200, and now it exceeds 1300. Upwards of £100,000 Loking at each other. " What do you think of this?" on whom it was directed. This extraordinary man föl. has been expended on buildings and other improvements
the Prince, at last, after a long silence. “ I have a lowed us at a distance, apparently taking but an indiffe- during the last and present year. Ninety-four new houses cret guardian here at Venice." rent part in all that had happened.
have been built, the rental of which exceeds £3000 per The terrifying adventures of this night brought on the
We came to a mountebank's stage. The ladies tried appum. During the present year, two new streets, of
ollowed beir example. The Prince I twenty yards wide, extending upwards of a mile from ince a severe fever, which confined him a week. During time our hotel was crowded with Venetians and stran
himself purchased a ticket. He won á snuff box. I saw Woodside towards the head of Wallasey Pool, have been who yisited the Prince from a deference to his newle him turn pale in opening il-It contained his lost key. I opened, and a great part of one of them is already Macered rank. They vied with each other in offers of " How is this?" said he to me, as we were for a moment adamized, and several good houses built on each side of
it. These main streets are intersected by various cross ar services, and it was not a little entertaining for us to
alone. “A superior power attends me. Onnicience surate, that the last visitor seldom failed to hint some
rounds me. An invisible being, that I cannot escape, streets, all of a good width, and placed at right angles. watches over my steps. I must seek for the Armenian,
or the Armenian. picions derogatory to the character of the preceding one.
Wallasey Pool, which was formerly a mart of commerce, and get information from him."
and a formidable rival to Liverpool, is likely to become a des dour and arcana poured upon us from arters.
very important adjunct to the commerce of the port. Pos. FerT one endeavoured to recommend himself in his own
(To be continued.)
sessing, in an eminent degree, numerous facilities for the 1. Oar adventure with the Inquisition was no more
construction and accommodation of shipping, and for the sentioned. The Court of wishing the Prince to
general purposes of trade, having sufficient depth of water delay his departure from Venice for some time, orders
for the largest class of vessels which frequent the port, it sere gent to several bankers to pay him considerable sums
(From the Liverpool Courier.]
night, at a comparatively trifling expense, be converted of money. He was thus, against his will, enabled to pro.
into floating docks, and being in the centre of the trade, tact bis residence in Italy ; and, at his request, I also The improvements which have been carried on in this would afford additional dock space in a part of the river caused to remain some time longer.
town, within the last seven or eight years, have not been the best calculated to promote the interests of the port. As soon as the Prince had recovered strength enough to unattended with corresponding signs of vigour and enter. The timber trade, for instance, could be carried on here to bir his chamber, he was advised by his physician to take prise in the neighbourhood. Who but has seen, with some great advantage, as three-fourths ot all the timber imported
airing in a gondola upon the Brenta, to which, as the what more than surprise, the almost magical appearance is sent up the country in flats. The timber could be yarded, leather was serene, he readily consented. On going into of buildings wbich have recently sprung up on the opposite and shipped again, at an expense very materially less than The beat he missed the key of a little chest, in which very shore, from the Rock Point to the village of Trad mere ? that incurred in this town. The advantages of this situa.
pable papers were included. We returned back to We shall, however, for the present, confine our obser- tion appear not to have been appreciated till very lately. Barch for it immediately. He very distinctly remembered vations to the township of Birkenhead, or that portion of Within the last two years a patent graving-ship, capable her be had locked the chest the day before, and he had land which is bounded on the south by Tranmere, and of taking on, at the same time, three ships of 400 tons, ever left the room in the interval. As our endeavours to on the north by Wallascy Pool, and recedes backwards to has been erected, and has proved a great accommodation
i proved ineffectual, we were obliged to relinquish the westward as far as Bidston-bill, and comprisng about to trade. A ship-building yard, where vessels of 300 tons He search. in order to avoid delay. The Prince, whose 1,500 acres, the entire of which, a few years ago, belonged may be launched from the green sod, in ordinary tides, tal ras elevated above suspicion, declared the key to be to F. R. Price, Esq., of Bryn-y-Pys. But a brief space, has been established, with saw pits, mould-loft, and every ist, and desired that it might not be mentioned any more. comparatively, has elap.cd, since a walk from the Wood convenience necessary for carrying on the trade of ship. Our little voyage was exceedingly creeable. 'A pic.side Boat-house, across the fields to Birkenhead Priory, | building. An extensive limekiln, timber, slate, and recoue country, which, at every winding of the river. I was considered a delightful and retired promenade on the flag yard, with various other buildings, have also been
med to increase in richness and beauty; the sererity of margin of the river ; commanding to the south an interest. established, where limestone, coals, &c. are landed, withBeky, which formed a May-day in the middle of Fe. ing and extensive prospect of the upper part of the Mer out incurring the expense of cartage. A steam-packet. brony; the delightful gardens and elegant country-scats sey, which opens out into a fine sweeping estuary, bounded boiler manufactory, on an extensive scale, has been erected, which adorned the banks of the Brenta; the majestic city by the two variegated shores of Lancashire and Cheshire with a sea-wall and basin excavaled in front, where steam
Venice behind us, with its lofty spires, and a grove of on the east and west, and by the Helsby Hills on the vessels of the largest class can lie in perfect safety, and aste rising as it were out of the waves:--all this afforded | south, at the head of the river, and embracing a distant | bave their boilers put on board. On the opposite side of
the most splendid spectacle in the world. Wholly view of the venerable Castle of Beeston, which surmounts the Pool, a foundry and steam.engine manufactory has also bandoned to the enchantment of nature's luxuriant the top of a picturesque and almost perpendicular rock. | beep cs’ablished, possessing similar advantages : in short, enery our minds shared the hilarity of the day. The! The river, from this point of view, assumes very much the banks of this Pool, which, three years ago, were with. cance bimself lost his wonted gravity, and vied 'with us the appearance and character of an inland lake, not ren. out inhabitants, now assumes the active appearance of a
our sports and diversions. On our landing, about two dered the less interesting by the endless variety exhibited place of business, and gives employment to some hundreds Belian miles from the city, we heard the sound of sprightly on the surface of the water, from the shipping, steam, of workmen. sie. it came from a small village, at a little distance and other vessels of every description and class, ferry-boats, Mr. James Harrison, we believe, was the first individual
he Brenta, where there was at that time a fair. - &c., crossing and intersecting the river in all directions. who, appreciating the probable advance of property in s we advanced, we saw it crowded with company of every Instead of the rural walk above alluded to, from Wood. | Birkenhead, became a purchaser of land in Birkenhead in <scription. A troop of young girls and boys, dressed in side to Birkenhead, we have now a wide street, running the year 1818. The proprietors of Birkenhead Hotel made beatrical habits, welcomed us in a pantomimical dance, nearly north and south, which is fast filling up with houses an extensive purchase in the year following. Since that The figare was entirely new. Animation and grace at. on both sides, many of them of the first class, in ele- period other sales bave followed in rapid succession, ended their motions. Before the dance was concluded, I gance of appearance and interior convenience. The ve amounting, in the whole, to nearly one-third of the whole he principal aetress, who represented a Queen, stopped nerable ivy-covered priory, which, nine years ago, was estate, or about 500 acres. Particular lots of land have uddenly, as if arrested by an invisible arm. Herself and the only object, with one exception, that graced the field, since risen in value nearly 400 per cent whilst the popu. hose around her were motionless. The musie ceased. and forined the subject of antiquarian rescarch, is now lation has increased in the ratio of twenty-six to one in the The assembly was silent. Not a breath was to be heard. 'eclipsed by a handsome Gothic church. The stunted oaks, space of nine years!
Galred to remain
with this species of excrescence, the experiment shall be may be immediately known, because, after the last opes made upon such person without any expense, and the tion, it will be the first in the row said to contain it:
result shall be faithfully reported to the public.-Ed. Kal. as each row has a distinguishing character or sign, CHESS QUERY.
may cause them all to be mixed with each other, and
be able to discover it by the sign you have remarked. The Beauties of Chess. Instead of sixteen counters, sixteen cards may be en TO THE EDITOR.
ployed. After you have discovered the one thought SIR, I am in the habit of amusing myself in my leisure
“ Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA.
you may cause them to be mixed, which will conceal & moments, by a variety of pleasing intellectual exercises,
artifice. such as draughts, backgammon, &c. &c. and among them
If a greater number of counters or cards be employe the game of chess occasionally draws my attention. Now,
SOLUTION TO STUDY CLX.
disposed in two vertical rows, the counter or card thouer WHITE.
of will not be at the top of the row after the last tre Mr. Editor, I am not a professor of any one thing ; con
1 Bishop ......F-6X
1 Castle......G_7 position : if there are 32 counters or cards, four trid sequently, if a person presume to call himself so, I im
2 Pawn ......D-5
2 Pawn......A-5 positions will be necessary; if 64, there must be ti plicitly yield to his superiority, lest I might occasion a 8 King.........C-7
Pawn......D_6 and so on. dispute, which would expose my ignorance, and be the 4 King.........D-8
(To be continued.) means of getting myself laughed at-thus I would imme.
5 Pawn......A-2 6 King.........F-8
6 Pawn......A–4 diately involve my understanding in a labyrinth : there
To Correspondents. 7 Knight ......G-4
7 Pawn......A-3 fore, I say, with the wisest, “ 'Tis wise to be silent at 8 Bishop ......B-2
BOMBASTES FURIOSO. It is our intention to give this times.”
9 Castle ......H-1X
9 Castle ...H-7
sical piece in a gratuitous supplement next week, togela The other evening a friend of this description happened 10 Pawn .....G-7XMATE.
with several articles of amusement for the Christmas to drop in, and, of course, he would, with his usual gal.
day folk. lantry, “ challenge me out.” There was no alternative
The ELDER POETS.-We shall, next week, continue our The white to win with a pawn iu ten moves, without
of this interesting collection. but play I must. Then I'll describe the movement of our
W. R. is informed, the taking either castle or pawn.
did not conceive the order of the introduction of pawns, and humbly solicit your authority for their validity,
pleces to be very material and take your diagram with its symbols, &c.
We shall comply with our correspondent's directions; Suppose I play with white, and my opponent black :
shall, next week, give the remaining specimens of S then I commence by moving the king's pawn two squares
poems. from E 2 to E 4. My opponent commences by moving
1927, the anticipated number of the Washington Garda a
_ 3 H. the king's bishop's pawn two squares from F7 to F5,
rather of too political cast for the Kaleidoscope;
shall re-peruse it more carefully than we have yet door here the angle of the squares E 4 and F 5 join or meet.
If A Traveller wil favour us with a few specimens, weil Can I pass my opponent's angle without taking his piece ?
better know how to reply to his note. Thus, can I move E 4 without being compelled to take F 5?
The Music intended for this week's Kaleldoscope is need Again : suppose I move my king's pawn three squares,
postponed for another week. (in one move I know it cannot be done,) but suppose my
GHOSTS.-As we have ventured on this subject, B.mayen king's pawn to be on the square E 5, can my opponent
an early insertion of his anecdote. move his king'sbishop's pawn, or queen's pawn, two squares,
T. 2. F. is informed that we doubt the originality of the
on Life, Death, and Eternity. It may be also nec and so pass my king's pawn ?--thus: my king's pawn E5,
apprize him that we are not in the habit of being in my opponent's king's bishop's to F 5, or the queen's pawn
by threats such as he has held out. to D 5? I have heard disputes from time to time on these
GREECE.-G. H. must not be offended with us If we queries, but never knew the correct way of playing the
that his verses on Greece would do him no credit, pawns: perhaps you will be kind enough to explain these
lished. Let him show them to any judicious frial points of dispute, or insert these few lines so as to enable
he deems our sentence harsh. What is the meaning
following verse? some of your readers to do so. This has always been a
And for the monarch of our Isle, stumbling-block to me.--Some early compliance will much
His people's hearts possessing, oblige a constant reader,
W. X. Y. Z.
May bounteous Heaven ever smile
On him-its choicest blessing.
We have heard of invoking blessings, and showoring
Ings; but "smiling blessings" is entirely new to us
Tus GHOST SEER.Our friends, who have long recoma TO THE EDITOR.
our revival of this interesting story of Schiller, will per DEAR KAL-I beg to inform you that I am a constant
that we have commenced it this day. We shall fou
" In order to employ one part of this life in serious and impor. reader of your Kaleidoscope, and frequently observe reme- tant occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mers amuse
up unremittingly until completed. dies for different imperfections, and minor other usefulments." - JOHN LOCKE.
CHESS-We have inserted the letter of W. X. 7.2. In en and interesting things :--and, as many of my friends have
column, but must defer our own remarks on the received much benefit by attending to several of your re
“There is a time to laugh and a time to weep." -SOLOMON.
We believe there is an express law on the subject in som cipes, I beg to suggest to you, that a continuance of them
VIVENT LES BAGATELLES!
the works on chess; but we cannot immediately tru will always be of service to some of your friends. Now,
-We have unluckily mislaid the query of another dear Kal., I am sorry to inform you that my face is rather
(Continued from our last.)
spondent respecting queening. We expect to food apt to flush and spot, which gives me much trouble and
shall give a reply in our next. inconvenience; and as our sex always think that they are very interesting (if not beautiful,) although not exactly
Sixteen counters being disposed in two roros. to find that I SCIENCE AND NATURAL HISTORY. We shall, next week rohich a person has thought of.
mence a series of selections from an interesting And gifted with a handsome face, you may easily imagine
work on the elements of natural history, vita that I consider this defect is adequately counterpoised
The counters being arranged as follow, desire the person
of a new theory of the earth. The work is, we by the lady possessing a fine form. My shape is con
to think of one, and to observe well in which row it is : sidered to be very good; and I was told the other day,
scarcely known yet, in England; and we can prome C в D EF HI
readers some amusement and Instruction from its that if I could take away the spots from my face it would
0 0 0 0
BAGATELLES.-The problem recommended by Tyros be a handsome one. Having explained the purport of this
noticed next week. note, I trust that either you or some of your correspondents will be kind enough to furnish me with a cure, (through
If C. A. will have a little further patience with us, we 0
0 your valuable miscellany,) which will be gratefully re
no doubt of finding the MS. after which he inquires
knew the thousands of manuscripts which we have to ceived by
through in the course of our editorial drudgery, hey Liverpool, October 19, 1827.
Tather pity than chide.
TOW A: take up the whole row in the order in which it shall appear in both our publications. The engravin REMOVAL OF WENS AND EXCRESCENCES.
now stands, and dispose it in two rows, C and D, in such the hands of the artist. A gentleman of our acquaintance, and who has no in a manner, that the first counter of the row A may be the HERBERT Milton, an interesting extract from which terest in such matters, has assured us that he is in pos- first of the row C; the second of the row A, the first of
inserted in this day's Kaleidoscope, was originally session of the means of removing all wens, however large, I the row D; and so on, transferring the sixteen counters under the title of Almacks; but the name was. or of whatever standing they may be. His process is from A and B to C and D. This being done, again ask Herbert Millon, In consequence of another nove extremely simple, attended with no pain or inconvenience in which of the vertical rows the counter thought of stands.! made Almacks the subject of a novel previous to the patient; and he speaks with such confidence on the We shall suppose it to be in C: remove that row as well We bave further to acknowledge An Old Snipraus subject, that we have determined to put his skill to the as D, observing the same method as before ; and continue test. We, therefore, take this mode of informing our in this manner until the counter thought of becomes the Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by : readers, that if they know any poor person who is afflicted first of the row l. If you then ask in which row it is, it and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord--street
Literary and Scientific Mirror.
“ UTILE DULCI."
This famliar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded. contains a variety of original and selected Articles: comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, MEN and
MANNEKS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTs and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming a handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.
BLASEN, ANUSEMEN, Clegant Barances, Postav, Asker
No. 390.– Vol. VIII.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1827.
| letting in water, or bilging, &c. by H. Evans, Har. for the introduction of air vessels, cork, or othe bour-master, Holyhead, patentee.”
buoyant matter, without interfering with the stowage We must refer our readers to Mr. Evans's pam- of the vessel. These interstices Mr. Watson would AFETY SHIPS-CERTAIN MODE OF PREVENTING VESSELS SINKING. FROM LEAK.phlet for a specification of his plan, of which we fill up with copper tubes, of a cylindrical form, herAGE OR THE ORDINARY ACCIDENTS OFshall only here observe, that he recommends parti- metically sealed, and in number sufficient to render THE SEA.
tioning and strengthening the vessel. It does appear, the ship and cargo specifically lighter than their bulk
however, to us, from an inspection of the diagrams, of water ; nor can any reflecting person doubt of the “ BALUS POPULI LES SUPREMA."
that the advantage will interfere materially with the efficacy of this means of buoying up vessels, and stowage
rendering them safe from leakage, and the ordinary The preservation of lives and property from deTuetion at sea, by the sinking of vessels from leakage
The plan of dividing ships into separate water-accidents of the sea. d various other causes, is of such immense im
tight compartments, has been in use amongst the Since the appearance of the first article on this rance that, we are persuaded, no apology will be
Chinese for centuries. These compartments, which subject in the Sphynx, a correspondent of the Britisk quired for transferring to the Kaleidoscope an
are engaged by different merchants, and have sepa- Traveller has suggested the substitution of canvas air ticle on the subject from the Mercury. It is here
rate locks, are found to strengthen the vessels so bags, instead of copper vessels; and if they would
that they will resist shocks, which would tear other answer the same purpose, they would certainly be larged, and the entire letter from the Sphynx is o added, to render the details more complete.
ships to pieces; and when the water makes over infinitely cheaper, whilst they might remain uninflated gratuitous supplement this week enables us
them, these compartments being water-tight, render until they were wanted.—The only difficulty we con
the vessel buoyant. devote to this subject a considerable portion of
template, is rendering them completely air-tight. columns, without depriving our readers of their
“Their foreign traders are built on the same plan as The material recommended is “cord canvas, of a
the Chinese junks, the form and construction of which are very fine texture, formed into square bags, made air We proportion of other matter.-Edit. Kal.
certainly not to be held out as perfect models of naval ar- and water-tight, by being saturated in India rubber.
chitecture; yet, as they have subsisted some thousands of The suggestions to which we are about to call the vears una
&c. and made fast in contact with each other, to the to call the years unaltered, they are at least entitled to a little respect hous attention of our readers this day, are as deeply from the antiquity of the invention. As these vessels never
under surface of the under deck.” fd generally interesting to the public as any sub- were intended for ships of war, extraordinary swiftness
It is obviously impracticable to ascertain the average t shich can be contemplated; and we trust that for pursuit or escape was not an essential quality: se specific gravity of a laden ship, as it will depend upon le tirae is not far distant when the perils of the sea curity, rather than speed, was the object of the owner. the nature of her cargo. A ship laden with fir timber I be most materially diminished, by the adoption And as no great capitals were individually employed in will be considerably lighter than sea-water, whilst come of the methods pointed out in the following trade, and the merchant was both owner and navigator, a another laden with ebony or dyewood, will be heavier Jele.
limited tonnage was sufficient for his own merchandise ; than a corresponding bulk of the fluid. As the ship
- the vessel was, therefore, divided, in order to obviate this itself is buoyant without its cargo, and as a great In the Mercury of the 30th of November, advert
inconvenience, into distinct compartments, so that one portion of goods on board would float, we shall asto the alleged invention of Mr. Watson, for pre
P:ship might separately accommodate many merchants. sume half the actual weight to be the specific gravity ting ships from foundering, we stated, that all
a The bulk-heads by which these divisions were formed, plans which had hitherto been devised for the consisted of planks of two inches thick, so well caulked
; of entire ship and cargo. A vessel, then, of 400 tons puse, interfered with stowage and the rate of and secured as to be completely water-tight. Whatever
would require 200 tons of buoyant matter to keep ne, which, in a commercial country, would pro-objections may be started against the dividing of ships'
her from foundering. In salt water, about 40 tons more than countervail the great desideratum holds, (and the interference in the stowage seems to be
of cork would effect this,* hut as the expense of such erfect security.
the most material one.) it cannot be denied that it gives a quantity would aniount to thirteen or fourteen hunuch is the rage for “ getting on," in the present I to large vessels many important advantages. A ship, thus, dred pounds, there is very little likelihood that this
that, if the choice in travelling by land lay be fortified with cross bulk-heads, may strike on a rock and material will ever be applied to such use, although En two vehicles, one of which, although unques- yet sustain no serious injury; a leak springing in one there is one circumstance in favour of the appli
bly safe, was slow, while the other, liable to all division of the hold will not be attended with any damage cation ; the cork would be as good and valuable ordinary accidents, got “ well over the ground, to the articles placed in another; and by the ship being when the ship was brok preference would, in nine cases out of ten, be
thus so well bound together, she is firm and strong enough and the outlay of capital would be in interest rather
to sustain a more than ordinary shock. It is well known than in principal. e to the latter.
It is to be regretted that Mr. to seamen, that when a large ship strikes the ground, the Watson has not stated the probable expense of the perfect safety to the crews and passengers of first indication of her falling in pieces is when the edges copper vessels he recommends; but it must be conbe a consideration paramount to cheapness
of the decks begin to part from the sides; but this sepa. 12; expedition, there is no question that vessels ration can never happen when the sides and the deck are
pasiderable: and the plan of tight canvas bags, if they ht be so constructed as to bid defiance to all the firmly bound together by cross bulk-heads. In fact, this
• Corkwood, of course, differs in buoyancy according to its nary dangers of the sea; whereas, at present, it old Chinese invention is now on trial in the British navy, la
| quality. In making some experiments with the cork collar otorious, that in our firmest-built vessels there as a new experiment."-Barrow's Voyage to Cochin jackets, we found that, in fresh water, a pound of cork would to use a familiar phrase, "only a plank between China, p 319.
float rather more than four pounds of iron; and, taking in to und eternity.” How far this plan resembles that of Mr. Evans we account the material difference between fresh and salt water
we are probably not far from the mark in assuming that lince we last addressed our readers on this sub-cannot determine, for want of the requisite skill in
forty tons of cork would keep afloat a ship of 400 tons at sea. na pamphlet has been sent to us for perusal, with naval architecture. We shall, therefore, proceed to the forty tons of cork would, of course, when not submerged. following title :-“ Patent safety hold, for ren- the consideration of Mr. Watson's plan, as described add just so much to the burden of the vessel;--the copper
tubes would be liable to the same objection, although in a ing sailing ships and vessels, either sailing or in the Sphynx of last Sunday.
| less degree; and in this respect the canvas bags would havo pelled by steam, more safe in case of leakage, It appears that there is in large ships amplo room the decided advantage.
speak of the
eould be easily made air and water tight, would have keep a ship upright, by submerging the keel sufficiently over thousands of miles of space, in the midst of tempel
below the surface of the fluid, and in this state she would and hurricanes that, in their fury, destroy the strong greatly the advantage in point of economy.* never be liable to sink.
ships. The editor of the Sphynx says of Mr. Watson's air-) In addition, however, to the materials of which the ship it is then by the same application of this simple tubes that “they interfere with no room or space
h no room or space is actually constructed, almost every vessel, when fitted powerful law of nature to the decks of vessels, maki
for sea, has other substances on board, which counteract them all to reposé as it were upon rafts of air-filled tub now appropriated to the stowage of cargo, stores, this hoa,
this floating tendency, and make the balance of total spe- that Mr. Watson proposes to secure them from the por or provisions—they offer no impediment to a ship's cific gravity greatly against her safety; or, in other words, bility of sinking as long as any portion of the ship's fra sailing--they would not depress her an inch lower in make the ship and all her contents so much heavier than holds together, or these tubes remain unbroken.
e bulk of water s
ced. that but for the
ds us to speak the water; and when once fixed, they would require
large quantity of atmospheric, air included in the otherwise such an accident. Those who have at all understood d no attention or alteration in any state of wind or unoccupied parts of her hull, she would sink without an previous description of their position between the bean weather.”
effort. Her safety, however, from this cause, is liable to will see at a glance, that if security from injury were
be endangered by any leak which may be sufficiently only object, there is no part of the ship in which they We are not prone to prophecy; but we shall ven- powerful to displace this air by water; in which case her be placed where they would be so safe as here. If corel ture to predict that, before many years have elapsed, destruction is certain.
with an under-lining, or thin ceiling of plank, they say some of these methods of securing ships from sinking. The iron and shingle ballast in ships of war, as well as not be liable even to a scratch or a blow. Their cinal
the gans, shot, and much of the stores and provisions, are surfaces would be a sufficient protection against theiben will be partially, if not generally, adopted. Pro-l of the description of counterbalancing weights alluded to; forced in, by the mere pressure of water, in case di prietors of steam-boats especially would find it their and the cargoes of merchant ships are most frequently of mersion,--for stout copper may well withstand what they interest to attend to the suggestion; as there is no the same unfavourable nature : so that, with a very few thin glass will resist. No shot in action, the directin
exceptions of ships wholly laden with liquids, timber, or which is chiefly horizontal, while it retains any greuten doubt that steam-vessels fitted up on the buoyanti doubt wil stem-VESSELS med upon the belyanother materials lighter than water, it may be taken as a of motion, would be likely even to touch them; and principle would be so generally preferred to those of general position, that all ships sufficiently laden and stored violence of pitching or rolling of the ship itself coulde the present construction, that an additional sixpence for voyages of any length, are, from the moment of their danger their safety, if fitted in with ordinary care by
unerate the quitting port, liable to the calamity of foundering, should builder. Nothing, therefore, could be more secure in a head passage money would soon remunerate the
they sustain an injury to their bottoms, or encounter a injury than the air-filled tubes in question. owners for the extra expense.
* leak which the ordinary power of their pumps could not Next, they interfere with no room or space nor 2 subdue.
priated to the stowage of cargo, stores, or provisions, * Since we wrote the above, we recollected that there To prevent this, the following is Mr. Watson's plan:- they offer no impediment whatever to a ship's rated was some intimation of the expense of Mr. Watson's appara- | It is known to all persons familiar with the construction of ing,--they would not depress her a single inch love tus, in the first article which appeared on the subject in the ships, that the cross-beams, on which the decks are laid, the water,-and, when once fixed, they would rem Sphynx, from which we copy the following paragraph:-" It are of considerable thickness and depth, to support the attention or alteration in any state of the wind or js gratifying to be able to state, that the plan combining | immense weight which the decks themselves have to bear. Greater advantages than these, we conceive, it was these advantages may be applied to every ship or vessel in As it is necessary, however, that these beams should not literally impossible for any invention to possess : ada existence, whatever her age, form, class, or manner of con- interfere with the free passage of the seamen between the end to be attained by it-the preservation of a struction, and that without the slightest alteration of her decks, or the working of the guos in time of action, it is lives and property now every year sacrificed by existing frame-work, be it what it may; merely by an addis necessarv to make the height from the upper surface of the foundering at sea- there can be but one opinion alone tion to it, which will neither redace her strength, her rate lower deck to the under surface of the beams supporting the disinterested part of the community as to the import of sailing, nor her capacity of burthen; and which, on an I deck next above it, at least equal to the average height ofl of its accomplishment. average, will not cost more than about five per cent, on the a full-grown man, and, in some ships, even more. There Supposing, however, a ship to be literally torn to plat value of the ship to which it may be applied ; an expense not consequently remains a very large space between the and separated beam from beam, and plank from plan greater than the cost of insuring such a vessel for one voyage beams themselves, and beneath each deck supported by till not a single part of her hull remained the oply to India and return; or the amount of a single year's them, which is perfectly unoccupied, and which might the very disseveration of her frame would at once seta insurance on the shorter trips made by coasting vessels therefore be filled up entirely, without being attended witb a life-buoy for every man on board ; and any portato an nearer home." any imaginable inconvenience.
deck that still hung together, even in fragmenta, In those parts of the ship allotted to the accommo- make the safest and most buoyant raft that could From the Sphynt of the 9th December.
dation of the officers and passengers, the lower surface structed for those who might take refuge op it
of the beams is generally covered over with a slight ceiling Here, in the river Thames, are to be seen, etery In a former number of this journal we announced the of plank, and painted, for the mere purpose of giving a ships' buoys inade of copper, floating simply be discovery or invention, by Mr. Ralph Watson, of a plan smooth appearance to the upper parts of the cabins: and, filled with air, and continuing tight against cas, les for effectually securing ships against the calamity of foun- in the Royal Yachts, we believe, the hollow within is bearing the weight of heavy buoy-ropes, and the dering at sca, and stated our impressions after seeing its filled up with cork, to prevent the tread of those walking of a tide running often with great violence. A05. application to tlre inodel of an eighty gun ship, which Mr. on the deck above from being heard by those who occupy such buoys would support two or three men froin ene Watson bad prepared for the purpose of demonetrating its the cabin below. In all other parts of the ship, bowever, and every one of Mr. Watsop's air-filled copper cylin safety and efficacy. We shall now redeem our pledge by the gpuce between the beams of every deck is entirely open, in the event of a total separation of the wreck. describing, as intelligibly as we may be able to do, amidst and unappropriated to any purpose whatever.
however, can never happen in case of mere found the difficulties of so technical and scientific a subject, the This waste space Mr. Watson proposes to fill up en-would serve the same purpose. principle on which this invention is founded, and the mode tirely with copper tubes, of a cylindrical form, reaching! Another vast advantage arising from the passe in which it is to be practically applied.
from beam to beam, either in straight or diagonal lipes, this certain security against sinking, would be tes: It is well known that the mere bulk or size of any sub- as the beams may best admit, terminating at each extre- in the event of fire, another awful calamity at sea, stance will neither occasion it to sink, nor swim on the sur-mity by convex or sensi-globular ends, and every part of unsparing use might be made of water from all face of the water; the whale, whose weight is often near the cylinder or tube hermetically sealed. These tubes which often cannot now be done without danger 100 tons, floating as certainly and securely on the bosom would vary from eight or ten to four or six feet in length, opposite fate of sinking. In an Indiaman, of of the deep, as the lightest nautilus that skims its surface; and from two feet to eight or ten inches in diameter, ac-battle ship, for instance, in case of fire, a ship and the raft, formed of a thousand logs of oak or fir, being cording to the depth of the beams, the largest tubes' hauled close to the wind under a heavy press of as buoyant as the thinnest shaving or splinter that can be being required for ships of the largest beams, and the her lee-ports and scuttles opened purposely to pass separated from the mass; while the minotest grain of smaller ones being amply sufficient for ships whose beams to fill, and thus overpower the flames. When com sand that can be gathered by the sea-shore is as sure to are of smaller dimensions.
Jis felt that, beyond a certain point, she could nothing sink, when thrown into the water, as a granite moun. It has been calculated that, supposing all the under sinking her to that point would be boldly undertake tain would be, if rooted froin its base and hurled into the parts of any ship's decks to be fitted with such tubes, thus every danger averteri. sea.
and these filled with even atmospheric air only, (though When it is remembered, that, according to the man It is the difference of specific gravities, or relative weights still lighter air could, if necessary, be employed.) they curate reports collected for a series of years, no in the substance and the elemeue with which it is brought would contain, in their aggregate number and capacity, British ships are lost by wreck, fire, and founderinge into contact, that alone causes this difference. Whatever a bulk of air equal to counterbalance the specific gravity day in the year,--and that this appalling calama is specifically lighter than the quantity of water which its or contents of any ship, however constructed, or however almost made to disappear entirely from the cat
cata0 own bulk will displace by immersion in the flaid, will laden, and, consequently, to prevent her sinking beyond human ills, at so small an expense as five per ce swim; and whatever is specifically heavier than the same the point at which these tubes would come in contact actual value of any ship that can be named, bulk of water, will sink : a law of nature, which is as un- with the water.
security can be applied to vessels of any form of cu erring in its application to the lightest grain of dust, as to The principle of supporting great weights by bladders tion, without detriment to their strength, their sp
eir sp the largest mass of iron or lead, -to the nut-shell shallop filled with air, is familiar to every one who has ever learnt their capacity for burthen, we should say, to of the playful infant, as to the flouting fortress of a hun. to swim. The floating of ships from off shoals or rocks by but the most bigoted adheronce to old things, dred guns.
I means of empty casks, or, piore strictly speaking, casks defective, could prevent its immediate and univers In the construction of every ship that is built, the largest filled with air, is an operation known to every seaman tion. quantity of materials used are of much less specific gravity and pilot in the world. The impossibility of a glass bot. We cannot conclude this imperfect sketch o than water; and even in the modern and improved system tle sinking while filled with air, leads to the constant tion, which we have endeavoured to render of naval architecture, in which iron and copper have suc. employment even of that most fragile of all materials, for to those least acquainted with nautical atau ceeded to oak and fir, in the knees, bolts, fastenings, and conveying intelligence of Discovery Ships in unknown seas, mentioning that Mr. Watson seeks for do palento sheathings of the largest vessels, the whole of the hull, often waiting a slip of paper, corked up in its interior, sive privilege for his plan- offering it to the Wor masts, yards, sails, and rigging, taken together, is of so from some remote point in the Pacific Ocean to the very desiring that every nation, and bis own especial much less specific gravity than the bulk of water which shores of England, and riding buoyantly triumphant over enter at once on the free and full enjoyment of their weight displaces, that these alone require ballast to every danger, for the space of a full year in time, and tages.
especially, she Sment of its ajta/