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Literary and Scientific Mirror.

“ UTILE DULCI." his familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a varlety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and MAKNERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and Sciences, Wit and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming a handsome AxxvAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGR. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

No. 389.- Vol. VIII.


PRICE 3 d.

Men and Manners.

she wanted to catch me for her daughter, Lady Clara ; , virtue which are so dear to women in a less elevated, less and, indeed, I was within an ace of proposing."

perilous, and less mixed station of life. “ What the deuce prevented you ?” asked Sir Harry. | Lady Graspall was a leader of one of these sets. Money HERBERT MILTON.

" Why, my fear of her making a practical pun, which was her ruling passion; whether at ecarté, elections, the

would have been worse, even, than yours," replied Sid-marriage of her daughters, or in her own flirtations, this We have selected, for the amusement of our readers,

ney. “The fact was, I overheard Lady Clara tell her sordid passion showed itself in the strongest colours, and

friend, Mrs. Thornby, that she only intended marrying had rendered the intrigues and adventures of her younger pretty long extract from a novel called Herbert me for my fortune."

| days still more scandalous. Milton, or Almack's, just published in London. The

“Why, what in the world,” rejoined Sir Harry, “ do Born to occupy a leading position in society, she was work is ascribed to the pen of one who moves in the you imagine any one would marry you for "

not, however, content with the advantages which she dehighest circles, and who is, therefore, likely to be in

| “ The fact was," answered Sidney, good. humouredly, rived from her rank and connexions, but she determined imately acquainted with the manners of the haut ton...

|“ I did flatter myself that I had made some slight impres. to form a supreme junta, of which she was to be the chief, Te bope, however, that he is a caricaturist, as we are sin

aresion on the little ingenue who Lady Graspall told me was and her conduct the precedent for that of all the members. ost loth to believe that the morals of our aristocracy the most timid naive crear

u aristocracy the most timid naive creature in the world when, as ill Her great object was to induce all the women enrolled in e so nearly assimilated to those of foreign nations luck would have it, for my vanity, and for ber Ladyship's this band of “ Free Doers," to brave the opinion of the d foreign courts, which English writers and tourists schemes, I went to Mrs. Congreve's masquerade, where, / world ; to set at defiance the advice of their husbands; to

Te so long been accustomed to deprecate.--Sve a being disguised in a domino, I heard her say to Mrs. I look with contempt on the reputation of their own names, be to correspondents.

Thornby, that she thought me an insufferable horse-deal. or the credit of their families ; in short, to arrive at that

ing bore; that her mamma wished her to accept me for complete disregard for every principle of decency and virIt was now getting late, and Emily was preparing to my property; and that she wished I was ruined; to which tue, which had marked her own conduct through life. ter ber carriage, anxious to arrive at home, where she

she Mrs. Thornby very quietly replied, • Marry him first, my! Her Ladyship's daughters, educated in this school of ht indulge in all the delight she felt at the certainty of dear, if it were only for the pleasure of ruining him after-deceit and immorality, were as selfish, hollow-hearted, and ring beloved by Herbert. She had, it is true, felt an- / Wards."

mercenary as their mamma could desire; indeed, so well ed at the boldness with which Alfred had entered upon “Oh!" exclaimed the Tic, “ I wish I had been fortu did they play their parts, so admirably did they act up to e mbject; but his words had left a deep impression on nate enough to have worn a domino for a few months the lessons of the Countess, that the ladies, Clara and heart, and she felt fully inclined to forgive the liberty prior to the time fixed for my marriage! But do see,"

Helen Mount Lewis, were looked upon by all those who e had taken, in favour of the intelligence he had com. added he, “what a fool that insufferable Mrs. Thornby is

had not penetration to discover the dessous des cartes, as aunicated. The hope of Sir Herbert Milton's opposi- making of young Lord Tiverton !”

two of the most single-hearted, ingenuous young women hon being speedily overcome, relieved her heart from a “There is nothing extraordinary in that," rejoined Sir

in London. In the course of two or three seasons, the And Dot less oppressive than the uncertainty she had been Henry: “she would find it a much more difficult task to

young ladies succeeded, the one marrying a rich young respecting Herbert's sentiments towards herself. As make a man of sense of him."

nobleman, and the other a half-furled Baronet of immense as about to leave the rooms, to which the whole of

property, who had just returned from his travels ; though " As for that,” added Sidney" she is merely playing lady Helen, the youngest, showed greater symptoms of marty had retired from the gardens, they were joined the same game with that boy which she has done with halt feeling on this occasion than was either to be expected Mr. Ouncedale, who, with his glass at his eye, and his the young men in London. No sooner does a young man more than usually long, appeared as if he also bad make his debut in the world, or a young peer or a baronet I obedience.

ung man from her, or than at all suited her mother's ideas of filial

The conversation between the mother and driven from his possessions. The Tic-douloureux, leave his paternal Dest, or escape from his Alma Mater, Sir Harry had christened him, now exclaimed, than she forthwith seizes upon him, and plays with him

daughter on this occasion was a curious specimen of Lady How d'ye do? have you seen Mrs. Ouncedale ? I have like a cat, until the boy's ideas become more expanded,

Graspall's principles, as well as those of her daughter. awaiting two hours to go; my horses will catch cold ; I and he finds he has been throwing away his time and his

| “Helen,” said her Ladyship, one night, as they reel a slight twinge of the gout; conceive Lady Graspall attentions upon a cold-hearted, practised coquette, and that

turned from Almack's, “ so you chose to play the fool, Ping past nine times at ecarté !he is the laughing stock of London."

and speak your opinions openly of that horrid bore, Mr. I av Mrs. Ouncedale waltzing with Colonel Grain- Emily's carriage being now announced, she left the

Sidney pas " replied Sidney, who had returned from ordering party, which did not completely break up before the morn

“I only said it in a whisper to Mrs. Thornby," replied Hill's earriage, " and I can only say, that she desireding was far advanced ; and I shall take the liberty of

the daughter; "and I did not think the man would have a tell you, if I met you, that you might go home, if giving my readers some account of the ladies I have al

"been listening at my elbow.” liked, as Lady Graspall would give her a place in ber luded to, before I procee

“Well, he has just told me that he's off, that's all; Sriage to town."

They were all of that mischievous, that pernicious set. J and you've lost " That odious Lady Graspall !" rejoined Mr. Ounce-wbose example bas sucb a baneful effect on the morals of “An ass !” exclaimed Lady Helen, “and the stock is de; " she is enough to corrupt all the young women in the young men and women of fashion, especially the latter. not exhausted." On: sbe ought not to be admitted in society."

When the young and inexperienced girl perceives that “ You've lost twenty thousand pounds a year by your *Wby,” said Sir Harry, “it is true, though I never vice is in a great measure countenanced, levity of conduct stupid bavardage. I thought you would have had the

any thing wrong; indeed I like her very much, but encouraged, and delicacy disregarded, in the highest so- sense to have deferred speaking out until the fortune was world does say very ill-natured things of her : at ecarté ciety, to which the absence of virtue, and the total dis- your own." instance, they are cruel enough to say that she always regard of public opinion, are in most instances a neces. "La, Mamma! I am sure it is all the saine to me. ms double the sum she stakes when she wins; and (sary passport ; when she discovers that she cannot obtain whether I marry one fool or another: for you know I en she loses, she contrives to change sides when she is a footing in the most select society, without establishing an never liked any body much, except Captain Acton, Mr. ting, and generally seizes the stake of some young man, intrigue, or what is called a flirtation; in fact, that the Corbin, Charles Norval, and Lord Henry."

she thinks will be either too well bred or too timid to sacrifice of a certain portion of her reputation is almost al “None of them will have a sous until their father's noastrate with her.”

sine qua non to insure her being ranked among the most death,” retorted Lady Graspall; “ and I have no idea of ry!" now exclaimed Sidney, fashionable ;-it is natural that she should quickly learn to people having-what does your brother call that sort of tie is a great friend of mine, and so fond of me that look with contempt upon those principles of morality and thing


"Going to heaven by the devil', bridge, Mamma,"| Briefly-in less than three weeks, Lady Helen was the sto an amount which was often far beyond the immediate answered Lady Helen.

wife of the unfortunate Baronet, who, before many months, means of the husbands to pay, and which, in every case, " It's going to the devil at once,” rejoined her Lady- became sufficiently mad to warrant his being placed in was at least quadruple the lady's pin-money. The bills, ship. “ No, it does not suit my views to have to chaperone custody, and her Ladyship was appointed guardian and however, of the tradesmen might be pardoned and dis. you about, after your marriage. I will not be pestered manager of their only child, and of her husband's vast charged; but the play debts were of a different nature, with petitions for the carriage, and your saddling yourself estates.

vicious and inexcusable: beginning with the trifing loss and a tribe of squalling children on me both in town and Poor Mr. Ouncedale was among those who had reason of a few pounds, and a few tears; but ending, in most country. I will not have you marry, to remain a' burden to lament his wife's enrolment in this corps of female cases, in the abandonment of honour, the ruin of domestia on me; and your waiting until some disgusting old man croats. Mrs. Ouncedale was a pretty, cold-hearted little peace, the destruction of every moral tie, and the verdie dies, before you can have an Opera box, or, in fact, any woman, why had married Tic for his fortune, and they of a jury. of the most common necessaries."

had continued for some years to vegetate in a very nega | Mrs. Thornby was another of this set, who possessed “Common indeed, Mamma, they are now! Why, the tive state of composure, until Mrs. Ouncedale took it into Lalmost all the bad qualities of Lady Graspall. except heel great double box next to ours belongs to papa's attorney, her head to become a woman of fashion. Mrs. Ounce- passion for money. but she vielded no

bion.. Mrs. Ounce- passion for money; but she yielded nothing to her in wat and the box on the left to a roan who cleans the streets, or dale soon perceived that all the most fashionable women of heart, and utter disregard of feeling or principle. The the sewers, or something."

rendered themselves more or less notorious, for some little Misses Thornby were yet too young either to prostu “ Never mind those low people," replied the Mamma, 1, and she determined, therefore, immediately to suffer by their mother's example; and it was, perhaps, 1 6 but thank Heaven that you have one of the most aflec- establish for herself a triffing flirtation, of course, with

fortunate circumstance for them, that, during the Lorde tionate, indulgent mothers in the world, who is slaving some marked man of fashion. By dint of carrying off

marked man of fashionBy dint of carrying on season, they often remained many days, nay, weeks, with night and day to repair your errors and establish your Colonel Graindorge from a competitor, and by attaching out seeing their mother, who. to say the truth, roll fortune.”

four or five particular men to ber train, she contrived, in willingly see any body else's husband, or any one ele Lady Helen, during this speech, hung down her head, due time, to qualify herself for Lady Graspall's set. I children rather than her own. The one bored ber and her conscience told her that her mamma's exertions Whenever her husband attempted to remonstrate with death with his society, and bis prosing about the lenit were never more necessary than at present.

her she either treated bis advice with contempt, or accused of her conduct, and the difficulty he made about payin . "Any body else would have been outrageous," con him of being a jealous tyrant, who wished to deprive her | her expensive bills, which were often nurposely augmental tinued the Countess, “at her daughter's making such a of the most innocent amusements.

by twenty or thirty pounds, on an understanding with fool of herself as to throw away twenty thousand a year!" Once, indeed, Tic had the courage to adopt decisive tradesman, in order that she might obtain money to o

" It is very good of you, my dear Ma'," replied Lady measures, which were met with not less decision by the her losses at ecarté, which she was afraid to confessa Helen, " and to show you my sense of your kindness, 1 lady.

husband. Her children were also fast growing am ready to marry any body you please, directly." 1 “You shall not have the carriage, Madam, to go with and nearly at an age to remind the world that

« Well then," rejoined the Countess, “ whilst you have Graindorge and the Thornby party : I will not be made a Thornby was too old to be perpetually flirting with been buvardéing, I have been acting; and I have got fool of any longer.”

the young boys who had just left school, or entered di another to supply Sidney's place."

That which is done cannot be undone," quietly replied Guards. So far did Mrs. Thornby carry her utler Who is it, Mamma?" demanded the young lady. the lady,

of feeling for her children, that she made it a point nem "Oh, Sir Maurice D'Orville, who has an immense for “By G-! I will not be undone," rejoined the husband, to see her infants until three or four years after their bir tune." * by you or any one else !”

if she met them accidentally on tbe stairs, she would “La, Mamma! the young man whom you were speak. “ I think you are a very absurd old man,” rejoined the the Governess their names, pat them on the head, a ing to in the corner, and who looked at me so strangely ; | wife: “ perhaps you have sense enough, however, to ring say, “There, there ; you are very nice children why, he's quite mad they say. Lord ! he had his keeper the bell.· .

are you, a boy or a girl ?" and as the little imposta waiting on the staircase."

“What for, Madam ?" retorted the husband." I will would press around her, with the instinctive iclasse "So much the better, my dear; marry him, and then not be trifled with, and beared to my face.”

nature, to obtain some mark of maternal tendernes, nothing will be more easy than to take out a statute of

Os « Ring the bell, Mr. Ouncedale, I say, that I may order would exclaim, " There now, you nasty little pigs, tot

mine lunacy against him, and have him put into confinement

"the carriage; and order the butler to wait in the room slobber one; come, do not tread on my flources." Aldu for life." " But, Mamma," rejoined Lady Helen, with real sepsa.

would then direct the Governess always io take the ci until it is ready, or perhaps you will beat me."

I tions of terror and disgust, “ you would not have me marry

dren in future up and down the back stairs. With a ba “ Madam ! I repeat, you shall not have the carriage to

too callous and cold to feel attachment for any one an absolute maniac? How horrid to be left alone with | go to Richmond.

berself, and with too much calculation to permit her such a creature! I should die of fright; and then only “Oh! exclaimed the wife, getting up quietly, and ring

18 to fall into that abyss into which others, too many other think of entailing the horrid (and here Lady Helen shuding the bell herself: "oh, it is all the same to me. I can

had been hurried by the effect of some unhappy and te dered) malady on one's children ; for it is of no use to go in a hackney coach as far as Lady Graspall's, and then

| passion, by the seductions of the other sex, or the bed mince the matter, Mamma : indeed I can't any one but all the world will hear of your absurd jealousy."

“Madam ! you shall not quit this house without my steer clear of absolute shipwreck, though she was utterit!

conduct of their own husbands, Mrs. Thornby contrived him !" " Helen !" returned Lady Graspall, sternly, “marry permission!"

different to the loss of reputation, or the scandals to wa him you must! Remember, I know all that has passed You are an insignificant tyrant," rejoined the Lady, she gave rise. Virtue bad no share in her salatu between you and Colonel Acton.'

rapping the ground with the most provoking nonchalance calculation was her great safeguard. Her greatest 6 Lady Helen now hung back in the corner of the car. | with her foot-"you are falling into your dotage;" and as Sidney observed. was to throw herself on the price riage, and became pale and faint as death.

then, as the servant answered the summons of the bell, I men. Year after year the greenest, the newest com “Any other parent but myself, Helen," continued the she said, “ Thomas, order me a to be seen in her train : and if she saw anys Countess, "upon such a discovery, would have turned | master says I cannot have the carriage;" and then seating young man of rank or fashion engaged in a pursuit ea you out of doors; but I refrained from communicating herself at the piano, sbe endeavoured, by playing as loud was likely to terminate in marriage. she would put the circumstance to your brothers, with the hopes that we as possible, to drown the voice of poor Mr. Ouncedale, I all her powers of intrigue and seduction to carry ha dould marry you without the disclosure of your conduct who, to save himself from being laughed at, was at last and to prevent it. Had she done this for the sake of being made necessary, and in order to save us all from obliged to yield the point ; and as his wife arounted her ruing her daughters, there might beve been some escu disgrace."

I brichtska, to proceed to Richmond, he took up his hat to / but her sole object was mischief, vanity, and Lady Ellen still continued silent.

walk with one of his boys in the retired part of Regent's pleasure in destroying the happiness of others. "I shall say no more on the subject, Helen," added her Park. mnther; “ you are aware that I know there remains little Oupcedale was not, however, the only person wbo bad time now, unless you marry Sir Maurice, ere the worll, as lo lament his wife's connexion with this set; others there

Tide Table. well as your brothers, must be informed of the circum. were, who, like himself, felt all the misery, the disgrace, stances. You may do what you please, when once you are which must fall on themselves and their families, by their

Days. Morn.'Kven. Height. Festivals, &c. married; but I will not have you bring disgrace upon me wives pursuing a course of life so dangerous to their repu. whilet you are under my roof. You will decide, there-tation, so inconsistent with their characters as mothers,

n. m. h. m.ft. in.

Tuesday 11 3 52, 4 19 19 7 Noon's Last Quarter: fore, to-night, whether you will receive Sir Maurice as a and women of birth and education. Night after night Wednesday12 51912 lover, or whether you choose to be sent out of the country, they heard, as well as the world, of the heavy losses of Thursday..131 5 55 6 32 12 5 Lucy.

Friday ....1

7 38 13 with one of your brothers. As to your qualms of con. these ladies, at play. Day after day they were witnesses Saturday.. 15 8 10 8 38'14 2 science, they are too absırd, for you have taken care to to the demands made upon them by tradesmen for the Sunday...!6 9 4 9 3115 93d Sun. sn Advert Tender them entirely superfluous."

I payment of immense bills for dresses, hats, and lijouterie, Tuesday ..610 4111 618 9 New Moun, lh. 3901. *

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to Pälkington, extends about 870 miles in length from the Old Stories over again.-Bubb Doddington was very northern boundary of Moldavia to Cape Metapan in the lethargic. Falling asleep one day after dinner, with Sir

Morea ; and in breadth from the river Unna to Constan. Richard Temple and Lord Cobham, the latter reproached THE TURKS.

tinople about 680 British miles. It is computed to contain Doddington with his drowsiness. Doddington denied

182,560 square miles, and takes in its extent many ancient having been asleep; and to prove he had not, offered to At the present moment the following sketch of the his. I kingdoms and republics, whicb, since the subjugation of repeat all Lord Cobham had been saying. Cobham chal.

its greater part in the 15th century, after the fall of Con- lenged him to do so. Doddington repeated a story; and tory of this people may not be uninteresting to our readers: stantinople, and of the Byzantine empire, afford only the Lord Cobham owned he had been telling it. "Well,”

The appellation Turk is of very ancient origin, and of records of classical names and events; we need not name said Doddington, “and yet I did not hear a word of it; ery comprehensive extent. According to their own tra- as the most interesting of these, that region above all but I went to sleep, because I knew that about this time adition, which is supported by other authorities, the name is others dear to the recollection of the scholar, Greece, the of day you would tell that story." derived from Turk, one of the sons of Japhet or Japhis, as great subject of the present contest between Turkey and

key term bim, the son of Noah, and who is generally al- the Allied Powers, and which has now, at its commence- | Curtain Lecture.-The church wardens of a certain parish Pated to be the progenitor also of the Moguls and Tartars. ment, been attended with such brilliant results.

in the west end of the town, having called more than once Both the present Turks and Tartars are supposed to be The first migration of Turks was in the sixth century; on a tradesman for his subscription towards the evening descended from a branch of the Scythians. Their first soon after which they subdued the people vulgarly called lectures at the church, asked him why he declined paying? figure in history is about 630 years before Christ, at which the White Huns, and founded their earliest western go- " Because (said he) my wife reads me a lecture every even. ame they drove the Cimmerians from their territories. vernment, the capital city of it being for some time called | ing gratuitously.'

Turk, Volney says, is a name not originally peculiar to Turkestan. From the centre of this province issued those the nation it is now applied to; but denoted in general, in Turkish armies which have changed the destinies of many

John Taylor, the water poet, (who died in 1584,) once former times, all the hordes dispersed to the east, and even nations. The Turks and Huns inay be considered as one

offered a premium of £50, to any person who could make to the north of the Caspian Sea, as far as beyond Lake and the same Tartaric race, totally unknown to Europe,

à sense verse of the same quality as the following: Arral; the same vast countries which have taken from until the appearance of the latter, who first passed the

Leud I did live, evil did I dwcl." them the denomination of Turkestan. These are the same steppes, deserts, and mountains, which had concealed them The property of this verse is, that it reads the same backpeople who were known to the ancient Greeks by the name from observation till the fourth century. The Huns, who wards as forwards. Considering the period when Taylor

Parthians, Massagete, and even of Scythiaas, for which appeared about A.D. 375, passed, in a course of uniform wrote, we must make allowance for the orthography of the we have substituted that of Tartar. They formed a nation depredation, rapidly from Asia to Europe ; but the Turks, word “dwell." - London Paper.---A sentence thus con. of shepherds, continually wandering like the Bedouin though originally the same people, separating from the structed to read the same backwards and forwards is called Arabs, aod in every age exhibiting themselves as brave Huns, made a slow and gradual progress, and appear to a paleodrome, as, for instance, Snbi dura a rudibus. Single hd formidable warriors. The Arabs, about 80 years after have blended, by marriages and conquests, with the Scla. words thus constructed might be quoted, as eye, madair, Tahomet, by order of the Caliph Walid I., invaded the vonic and Gothic tribes, on the north and east of the Cas. &c.-Edit. Kal. Funtry of the Turks, subducd them, and imposed upon pian. Such was the origin of the name Turkestan, and em their religion. These tribes, allied or at variance, from hence the Turks spread desolation over the most

Matrimonial Elixir.-A certain medical gentleman, cording to their several interests, were perpetually en. beautiful countries of the East, and even threatened the

residing in a part of the West-Riding of Yorkshire, where aged in wår. Hence we see, in their history, several na liberties of Europe. The following is given by Pilkington

all words beginning with vowels are embellished in the obs all equally called Turks, alternately attacking, de l as the principal historical ennche a the

on with a well rated h, and who has Toying, and expelling each other. Volney, in order to latter.

given great scandal to the neighbourhood by licking his rond this confusion, has confined the naine of Turk to “ The first dawn of Turkish history preceding the reign wile, is now called by his friends-Elixir,--pronounced pose of Constantinople, and given that of Turkestans to of Othman occurs A.D. 1299. In the reign of his suc. Heulie

He-licks her. Seit predecessors.

cessor, Orkan, the Turks took Gallipoli, and penetrated Modern Turkey is divided into Turkey in Asia and into Thrace, so that Adrianople was taken, A.D. 1360; Turkey in Europe. Turkey in Asia extends from the two years after that Amurath established the military

LIST OF NEW PATENTS. Tores of the Archipelago to the confines of Persia, through bands termed Janissaries. The Turkish power was for To James Smethurst, of New Bond-street, for an im.

gece of about 1050 British miles. The boundaries some time restrained after the famous battle near Ascyra. I provement upon lamps.Dated the oth of November, wards Persia are, the mountains of Ararat und Elwend. A.D. 1402, between Bajazet and Timour; nevertheless, 182

1827.-2 months allowed to enrol specification. Towards the north the Turkish territories are divided from the dominion of the Turks increased in Europe, though I To Frederick Foveaux Weiss, of the Strand, surgeon's

he Russian by the River Cuban and the chain of Cau. they received several checks from the Hungarians, under instrument-maker, for improvements in the construction asus. In the south they extend to the junction of the Haniades, and from the Albanians, under the famous

of spurs.-6th of November.—2 inonths. Tigris and Euphrates, which last river separates fo od Ronbrates which last river separates for a con- Scanderberg. On the 29th of May. 1453. Constantinon To James White, of Paradise-street, Lambeth, en. al the Turkish possesssons from those of

by the Turks, Crimea and the Morea we

re gineer, for a machine or apparatus, for filtering, which he the Arabs. The distance of the Cuban to the junction of subjugated A. D 1458, and, in 1480, Otranto, in Italy, was

denominates an artificial spring.-8th of November. the Tigris and Buphrates may be estimated at about 1100 captured by the Turks. The conquest of Egypt, in 1517, months.

British ioiles. This extensive empire is divided into nine made a considerable addition to the Turkish power:. To John Platt, of Salford, near Manchester, fustian-
- ten provinces : namely, Natolia west, Karaman south, Rhodes submitted in 1522; and, soon after the battle of dresser, for certain improveinents in machinery for comb-
DG Roum north-east ; north of Armenia are Guria or Mohaty, in 1526, the Sultan Solyman took Buda. In ing wool, and other fibrous materials : communicated from
Muriel. Mingralia, and che Abkhas of Caucasus, the 1532, the Turks seized the Bannat of Temeswar, and they abroad.-10th of November.-6 months.
Dcient Circassia. To the south of Armenia, also deno- took Cyprus from the Venetians in 1571. Although, after To William Collier, of Salford, fustian-shearer, for cer.
Bigated Turcomania, are Curdistan, and Irak Arabi, parts the famous naval engagement of Levanto. in the year tain improvements in the power-loom for weaving : com-

ancient Persia round the celebrated capital of Bagdad. 1584, their power ceased to be formidable. they invaded municated from abroad. 10th of November.-6 months. the ancient Mesopotamia partly corresponds with the pro-Hungary with various success, yet Europe obtained an

To John Walker, of Weymouth-street, Mary-le. bone, ince of Algeria, and Syria or Seria comprehends the ce- interval of security by their wars with Persia. However, Esquire, for an improved caster for furniture.-17th of brated countries along the eastern extremities of the in 1642, the Sultan, Ibrahim, took Azof from the Cos.

November.—2 months. Mediterranean. These, with the rest of their empire here, sacks; and about the middle of this century, the Turks To Henry Pinkus, of Philadelphia, for an improved omprehend all the countries which are the scene of Scrip-took possession of some Grecian isles-after which their method of purifying carburetted hydrogen gas for the purare history and man's redemption : in fact, nearly all the wars were attended with various success The last epoch pose of illumination.-17th of November.-6 months. acient world, and were successively conquered by them of Turkish history would lead to a detail of the Russian. To Samuel Sevill, of Brownshill, in the parish of Bisley, 1 the following order :-Armenia and Georgia were sub. wars against the Turks, and the decline of the Ottoman Gloucestershire, clothier, for his improvements applicable bed in the 11th century: and the whole of Asia Minor empire in Europe. It may be observed, in general, that to raising the pile, and dressing woollen and other clothis. pon followed. Their kingdom of Roum extended from the Turkish dominion, wherever it has prevailed, has been 20th of November.-6 months, be Euphrates to Constantinople, and from the Black Sea detrimental, in a very high degree, to the best interests of the confines of Syria. humanity, and to every improvement, mental or moral,

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. Saceexgive warlike princes acquired additional territory | ecclesiastical or civil.” from the Mamelukes of Egypt and the Persians. Syria, The appellation Ottoman, or Othman, given to the em.

[From the Liverpool Courier.] lormerly an appendage of Egypt, was conquered by Selim pire of the Turks, or rather to their Emperors, is from Barometer Estremel Thermo-Extreme State of U in 1526. Tauria and Diabekir, the last of which had Othomannus, or Osman, the first Prince of the family,

during meter 8 heat dll the Wind!

Night. morning ring Day at noon. Ormerly belonged to Persia, were subjugated by the same who, to distinguish them from others, gave his people the

ROOR. honarch, and in 1589, Abbas, the great sovereign of name of Osmandis-from which, by the changing of the Nov. Persia, was obliged to yield thrce provinces to the Otto-s into t, we have made Ottoman; wlrich new name soon 28

52 0 8.S.E. Falr. maps, though he extended his conquests to the East; and became formidable to the Greeks of Constantinople, from


o S.s.w. Fair.

0 S.S.E. Rain. Bagdad, with the surrounding province of Araki-Arabi, whom Osman conquered a sufficient extent of territory to

Dec. became subject to the Turks in 1638. The present limits found a powerful kingdom. He soon bestowed on it that 128 72 44 045 052 0W.N.W. Stormy. appear to bave been fixed between the Porte and Persia title, by assuming, in 1300, the digoity of Sultan, which

Very sto 1936. since which the Turks have been chiefly employed signified absolute sovereign. The true era of the Ottoman

os.sw. Fair.

| 29 61 44 01 520 55 0 WSW. Rain. n defending their own territorities against the Russians.empire may be dated from the conquest of Persia. The All the Turkish provinces are now divided into governo establishment of the Ottomans in Europe took place in 29th, Very stormy during the night.

Monthly mean of atmospherical pressure, 29:80. Mean pents, arbitrarily administered by Pachas, and the extent | 1353.

temperature, extreme during night, 130. Eight, a.m. 45:22 of their empire here may be altogether estimated at

Noon, 48:16. Extreme during the day, 49:17. General mean, 10,000,000 of subjects.

46:21. Prevailing winds, S.E. Turkey in Europe is, in its largest sense, understood to Novel Bazaar.-A dealer in provender for the feline and Highest temperature during the month, 39; lowest, 30. include all the countries between Russia to the north, and canine race has lately opened a shop in the Hampstead.1. 1st.-Very stormy during the night and throughout the Bucharia to the south, and between the Caspian Sea to road, and placed over his door, in large characters. ** The day, with very beavy rain.

20,Very stormy during the night. the west, and Chinese Tartary to the east; and, according (Cat's Meat Bazaar !"

th,-Heavy rain during the night.






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VideHeroism," Percy Collection, p. 94.

With high despatch through hostile country sent,
The brave O'Lavery hastened from the tent;
And now, to comrade marching by his side,
Wond'ring, he spoke of fortune's varying tide :
While as their route th' intrepid soldiers led,
O'er livid forms of dying and the dead,
The struggling sigh in vain would each repress,
At thoughts of home,-its tranquil blessedness!
At thoughts but swift the tender vision fled,
For Duty, frowning, rear'd her awful head;
And, dashing off the fond intruding tear
Glistening, ah, me! at scenes to memory dear,
Each urged, with quicken'd step, his onward course,
Stifling, as best he might, too late, remorse,
When, lo! from out the treacherous ambuscade,
For deed of coward murder aptly made,
Some recreant hand the fatal trigger drew,
And, charg'd with death, the whistling bullet flew !
But he was dead, nor saw the crimson tide
That pour'd, in torrents, from his comrade's side ;
No time to weep for her far distant given,'
Instant the spirit wing'd its flight to heaven,
And, envied lot! denied his gallant friend
Fated long hours of agony to spend,
And, ah ! to prove how worse than death to feel,
In dread succession, o'er the senses steal
The fond regrets that cling to parting life,
Those ties endear'd in nature's fearful strife :
But fond regrets, nor nature's ties had power,
E'en mid the sorrows of that darkest hour,
To bid the dying hero cease to feel
On him, perchance, depended England's weal;
And knowing well, amid such hostile band,
Not death itself might save from impious hand,
In trembling haste, hid in his mangled breast,
He bade secure the fatal paper rest!
Nor long conceal'd; for now, as dawn'd the day,
A British escort chanc'd to pass that way;
The faithful courier bared his bleeding side,
Showed the deposit, and, exulting, died !

Noble O'Lavery! not the fatal course
Of cannon-shot, or rushing charge of horse ;
Not the loud din of arms and clashing steel,
Mingled with thunder of artillery's wheel;
Nor pomp or circumstance of glorious war,
Transforming gory heath to laurell’d car ;
Not these might cheer thy last expiring breath,
And shouts of " Victory !" half conquer death ;
Ah, no! yet not unblest ; although alone,
The muttering winds of heaven receiv'd thy moan;
Spirits unseen upheld thy fainting head,
And glory's halo deck'd thy leafy bed !

Soldier, adieu ! and though, with matchless grace,
No trophied urn adorns thy resting-place;
A wreath far worthier self-devotion's shrine
For thee posterity shall grateful twine,
And proudly bid th' historic page sublime
Record to period of remotest time,
How Erin's generous son, too greatly brave,
His country saved ; then, smiling, sought the grave!


| VERSES WRITTEN ON SEEING AN ACCOUNT OF THE ought not, by any means, to have censured the whole of BATTLE OF NAVARINO.

the community of Manchester, because he quarrelled with

the poetry of a single individual. Rise, Greece! the blow is struck, and thou art free ; Before I come immediately to the subject of this paper,

The Moslem tyrant's bonds no more thou'lt wear, I will merely refer the writer, or readers of the article in Nor humbly bow before his dread decree,

question, to the spirited translations from the German of For Britain's standard waves triumphant there. the accomplished Samuel Robinson ; but particularly to Yes, Greece, thy fertile plains are passing fair,

his translation of William Tell, which is allowed by all And once thy sons were proud, and brave, and free, persons competent to judge, to be elegant and spirited. And would have scorn'd a foreign yoke to bear, I next refer him to the Maid's Revenge, &c. by a talented

Rather than stoop, to distant lands they'd flee, young gentleman of Manchester; and, lastly, to an unOr gladly would have died to guard their liberty.

ostentatious little poem, entitled the Schoolmaster. In But they are gone, another race is here,

| the poems just enumerated will be found more real merit And they have bowed before a Turkish foe;

than in half the poetical productions which enanate from Have crouched before his throne in slavish fear,

the metropolitan press. And trampled Grecia's ancient standard low;

If this would-be-witty gentleman still remain sceprial, But they may yet arise, and strike a blow

and doubt the existence of poetical talent in Manchesta, Like Athens struck at Marathon before,

I will lend him Swain's Metrical Essuys; and after bar. And strike the surer in a progress slow,

ing perused them diligently, if he does not recant, he Than rushing as a torrent to the shore ;

must be entirely divested of that judgment which I am Or, as a stormy wave which bursts with sullen roar.

informed he so eminently possesses. EUPOLIS.

This small volume is evidently the production of a

young man, the fruit of whose genius has not yet become THE DEATH OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS.

matured; there are the seeds of excellence sown, and I

have no doubt, judging from the specimen before we Warriors with flowing plume,

that the ultimate harvest will be rich and abundant And golden helm, were there ;

Laying aside metaphor, I can perceive the germ of tutur And their eyes of light, and cheeks of bloom,

excellence in these poems. The language is lofty a Wore looks of sullen çare.

commanding, the images are bold and striking, and a The sound of mailed tread

rhythm is sonorous and musical. Broke heavily and slow,

Dr. Johnson says" Words too familiar, or too remote And the ensigns dark, of death and dread, defeat the purposes of a poet.” Into this error Swain bu Waved with a mournful flow.

fallen; and I merely mention this circumstance, that he The bravest of the land

may in future avoid using terms that, although they may Around in order stood,

be proper, are not poetical. Time will remedy this, and For there had come a warrior band,

I trust to see the hope realized, held out in this volans, To see a woman's blood.

| by the publication of another, There stood the lovely one,

I will now proceed with the specimens, taken at randa With placid cheek and brow,

from the volume, and I feel convinced that my ealyian The fire of youth from her eye was gone,

will be coincided with by all who read them.
Yet it had a woman's glow.
With calmness in her eye,

And boldness in her tread,
She raised her holy glance on high,

There are noble heads bow'd down and pale,

Deep sounds of woe arise,
Though round death's signs were spread.

And tears flow fast around the couch
Beneath her silken vest

Where a wounded warrior lies ;
Her heart beat deep and slow,

The hue of death is gathering dark
And the heaving throb of that glowing breast

Upon his lofty brow,
Told of deep grief below.

And the arm of might and valour falls
She gazed upon the sun,

Weak as an infant's, now.
Then shining brightly down,
It was the last she must gaze upon,

I saw him, mid the battling hosts,
Yet her brow wore not a frown.

Like a bright and leading star,

Where banner, helm, and falchion gleam'd,
She had been at festival,

And flew the bolts of war:
With plumed and gallant knight,
And when she was in the lighted hall,

When, in his plenitude of power,

He trod the Holy Land,
Her smile was not more bright.

I saw the routed Saracens
She bowed her beauteous head,

Flee from his blood-dark brand,
For the headman's deadly blow,
And the flashing stroke like lightning sped,

I saw him, in the banquet hour,

Forsake the festive throng,
And that once-loved form lay low.

To seek his favourite minstrel's haunt,
Many had been her woes,

And give his soul to song:
And her heart was darkly riven ;

For dearly as he loved renown,
But her noble spirit now boldly rose

He loved that spell-wrought strain,
To a haven of rest, in heaven.

Which bade the brave of perished days
W. R-N.

Light conquest's torch again.

Then seem'd the bard to cope with time,

And triumph o'er his doom,

Another world in freshness burst

Oblivion's mighty tomb!

Again the hardy Britons rushed
Illiberal and sarcastical as was an article on Manchester Like lions to the fight;
poetry, which appeared some years since in Blackwood's While horse and foot, helm, shield, and lance,
Magazine, I am convinced that the writer of that article

Swept by his vision'd sight.


But battle shout and waving plume,

The drum's heart-stirring beat,
The glittering pomp of prosperous war,

The rush of million feet ;
The magic of the minstrel's song,

Which told of victories o'er,
Are sights and sounds the dying king

Shall see—shall hear no more!
It was the hour of deep midnight,

In the dim and quiet sky,
When, with sable cloak and broidered pall,

A funeral train swept by.
Dull and sad fell the torches' glare,

On many a stately crest ;
They bore the noble warrior king

To his last dark home of rest.

TO THE EDITOR. SIR, You will recollect Johnson's remark, in his " Lives of the Poets," on Pope's celebrated simile of a traveller on the Alps. Whether Pope deserved the high encomiums bestowed by our great critic, the following quo. tation will, perhaps, show. The lines are taken from the miscellaneous works of the Rev. John Norris, M. A., of Cambridge. The edition of 1699.

If you deem them worthy of a corner in your valuable miscellany, their insertion will oblige, Yours, &c. Bolton, November 30th, 1827.



So, to the unthinking boy, the distant sky
Seems on some mountain's surface to rely ;
He, with ambitious haste, climbs the ascent,
Curious to touch the firmament:
But when, with an unwearied pace,
Arrived, he is at the long-wished for place,
With sighs the sad defeat he does deplore
His heaven is still as distant as before.

So pleased at first the towering Alps we try,
Mount o'er the vales, and seem to tread the sky;
The eternal snows appear already past,
And the first clouds and mountains seem the lasts
But those attained, we tremble to survey
The growing labours of the lengthened way,
The increasing prospect tires our wand'ring eyes
Hills peep o'er hills, and Alps on Alps arise.

But like a wicked murderer,.

He lived in constant fear
From day to day, and so be cut

His throat from ear to ear.
The neighbours fetch'd a doctor in :

Said he,-" This wound, I dread,
Can hardly be sew'd up his life

Is hanging by a thread.”
But when another week was gone,

He gave him stronger hope
Instead of hanging on a thread,

Of hanging on a rope.
Ah! when he hid his bloody work

In ashes round about,
How little be supposed the truth

Would soon be sifted out.
But when the parish dustman came,

His rubbish to withdraw,
He found more dust within the heap

Than he contracted for!
A dozen men, to try the fact,

Were sworn that very day;
But though they all were jurors, yet

No conjurors were they.
Said Tim unto these jurymen,

“ You need not waste your breath, For I confess myself at once

The author of her death. " And oh! when I reflect upon

The blood that I have spilt,
Just like a button is my soul,

Inscribed with double guilt!
Then turning round his head again,

He saw before his eyes,
A great judge and a little judge

Two judges of a-size!
The great judge took his judgment cap,

And put it on his head,
And sentenced Tim by law to hang

Till he was three times dead.
So he was tried, and he was hung,

(Fit punishment for such,)
On Horsham-drop, and none can say

It was a drop too much.

TIM TURPIN-A PATHETIC BALLAD. (From Whims and Oddities:- Second Series.)



Night veil'd the battle plain !

O'er heaven and earth watch'd night;
Falchions were sheath'd the martial strain

Died with the proud sunlight:
Silent and calm the pale tents lay,
While voiceless war slept night away.
Richard, in frowning thought,

Sat 'neath his purple tent;
His brow with some dark doom seem'd fraught-

Terror and sadness blent:
One knelt before his feet in awe,
He gazed-yet recked not what he saw.
Dimly the silver lamp

Lighted his waving hair,
And faded cheek, the iron stamp

Of death had settled there;
His breastplate shook beneath its sway,
As some deep hidden grief had way.
Then passed his hour of pride ;

He knew that injured one
He clasped him in his arms and cried,

My son-my son-my son!
Remorse and love long conflict kept ,
He groan'd in thought-he saw-and wept.
" Pride,” cried he, “ was my bane;

For that I barter'd all
Peace, love, content--all to obtain

A Crown; and now I fall
Prone from my tow'ring height to earth,
My deeds abhorr'd-accurs’d my birth.
"Boy ! I would yet be lov'd,

Though stern has been my will ;
Though haply I have cruel prov'd,

I am thy father still ;--
Thou wilt not ? no, 'twere sin for thee
To curse a parent's memory.
"I weep!- they are not fears,

Which shake my warrior frame;
No hopes o'erthrown havo caus'd these tears,

His breast and brow of flame ;-
Thy fancied hate thy hate probes deep-
For that, and more, for thee I weep !".
Like a warrior king appears

The sun, with banners fair;
His glancing beams, like golden spears,

Are flashing through mid air ;
The mountain springs, the forest land,
Are sounding like a martial band.
There is a lonely grave

To which the ravens wing ;
Nor sculpture shines, nor pennons wave-

Yet there lies England's King.
And he, the heir of Britain's throne,
Wanders, sad-hopeless--and alone.

A few years ago, a skirmish was carried on in the Li. verpool Mercury, by the advocates of Mr. Logier's system and its opponents. The following is the last squib that was fired off on the occasion :

Your philippic, friend Veritas,
Much spleen, but little spirit has;
Your wit's so very dull, 'tis clear
You'll never soar above


• Logler. Aug. 1, 1817.

Tim Turpin he was gravel blind,

And ne'er had seen the skies;
Por nature, when his head was made,

Forgot to dot his eyes.
So, like a Christmas pedagogue,

Poor Tim was forced to do
Look out for pupils, for he had

A vacancy for two.
There's some have specs to help their sight

Of objects great and small;
But Tim had specs within his eyes,

And could not see at all
Now Tim he woo'd a servant maid,

And took her to his arms;
For he, like Pyramus, had cast

A wall-eye on her charms.
By day she led him up and down

'Where'er he wished to jog,
A happy wife, although she led

The life of any dog.
But just when he had lived a month

In honey with his wife,
A surgeon ope'd his Milton eyes,

Like oysters, with a knife.
But when his eyes were opened thus,

He wish'd them dark again :
For when he look'd upon his wife,

He saw her very plain.
Her face was bad, her figure worse,

He could not bear to eat ;
For she was any thing but like

A grace before his meat.
Now Tim be was a feeling man ;

For when his sight was thick,
Il piade him feel for every thing,

But that was with a stick.
So with a cudgel in his hand-

It was not light or slim-
He knocked at his wife's head until

It open'd unto him.
And when the corpse was stiff and cold,

He took his slaughter'd spouse,
And laid her in a heap with all

The ashes of her house.



One day, when passing through a crowded street,

Old Franklin, with his spectacles on nose, Jostled against a man he chanc'd to meet,

Who damn'd his spectacles, the story goes. “ Thanks to my glasses, then,” the Doctor cries,

“For, though, my friend, you deem them such a bore, On this occasion they have suv'd my eyes,

As they have very often done before." Liverpool

IMPROMPTU, After a Lady had played Cherry Ripes on a Flageolet.

Oh! would I were that little ivory pipe,

That I might touch those ruby lips, That look as like two cherries over ripe,

Although, dear maid, are tu-lips !

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