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Scientific Notices,

solution through the means of a very peculiar solven, it would be the fiost agreeable and tconomical fire whic

Rheaumur enclosed alimentary matter in tubes, which families could wish for, as it may be kindled in a moment. Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve. were pervious at both ends, and introduced them into the and extinguished merely by closing a valve. It is free Dents in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- stomach of animals: when they were discharged be found 1 from all danger, as the liquid will ivnite only in the caul. Fular Medical Cases ; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi. that the substances which he had enelosed in the tubes dron in which it is used. Experiments are about to be losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical were so acted upon by the gastric juice as to be almost dis- undertaken for applying it to the boilers of steam engines; Prevomens, or singular Facts in Natural History ; solved. Sometiines a part of the stomach itself has been and, if they be favourable, as there is no reason to doubt Vegetatiac, &c.; Antiquities, &c.

found dissolved or digested, after death; but this pheno that they will be, steam-boats may soon traverse all the

menon is rarely found in those who have died of any lin. seas on the surface of the globe, as the liquid that supplies DIGESTION

gering malady; it usually occurs in such as die suddenly, the fire may be contained within a very moderate compass.

and are, at the time immediately previous to their death, This important discovery has as yet been exhibited only (From the New London Literary Gagette.):

in good health ; it is observable also, that, in these cases, to two or three persons; we were of the number, and re

it is always the upper portion of the stomach which disap-ceived permission to describe it to this extent. We have The food, being received into the stomach, is prepared pears. The following interesting experiments, made by only to add, that we have repeatedly seen it in operation, for assimilation with the body by digestion, which we shall Dr. Stevens, will show, in a very torcible manner, the and that we have no doubt whatever that it will fully 135 proceed to consider and explain. This process, to effect of this peculiar process of solution. The first series answer the expectations entertained of it. Like all exborrow the words of an acute modern writer, taken in ils which we shall describe was made upon a man who was traordinary things of the kind, this discovery was the result most general and most proper sense, may be defined the in the habit of swallowing stones. Alimentary matter was of accident, and it is so simple, that when it is made public, og version of dead into living matter; at all events, it is introduced into hollow silver spheres, divided into two every body will be surprised that it has not been in use the conversion of dead animal and vegetable substances cavities by a partition, and having a number of apertures since the beginning of the world.-Monthly Reviere. iste an aninialized fluid, qualified to enter into the current on the surface to allow the gastric juice to mix freely with of the circalation, and then to become part and parcel of the food. In one experiment a portion of meat was pat be living machine. No other fluid, not even milk from into one of the cavities; and into the other a portion of

Correspondence. the living udder, can be poured into the blood vessels fish : when the sphere was discharged, both the substances

PHRENOLOGY. vithaat risk of life; and, therefore, we are authorized to were found to have been acted upon by the gastric juice, conclude that the chyle (that is, the digested food) is a but more especially the fish. In another experiment the vitalized fluid, like the blood itself.

TO TAE EDITOR. If this be a correct doctor wished to ascertain if the cooking of meat retarded representation, all inquiry as to how the change is effected its digestibility. For this purpose be introduced a quan

SIR,—I was present last Thursday evening, at the will be just as successful as the inquiry how man was tity of boiled meat into one part of the sphere, and some Literary and Scientific Society, on the occasion of a dir. changed from a lifeless clod into a living animal, at his roasted into the other ; when it was ascertained that the cussion as to whether phrenology be founded on truth. first creation. But the prying eye of the physiologist has boiled meat was more dissolved than the roasted. The Not being a meinber, I was unwilling to offer my opinion, penetrated into some of nature's secret operations, and next discovery he wished to make was the comparative bot here are several very curious and interesting phenomena effect of this extraordinary solvent upon food previously

but request the favour of your insertion of this, that the alteadact on the process of digestion, which we shall glance masticated, and upon that which was swallowed whole. adversaries of the science may not come off with quite so in this essay.

This experiment was conducted like the former, and the much eclat as they are inclined to imagine. There have been various opinions concerning the manner food, which was previously masticated, was more dissolved The first genileman who spoke against the subject in I which the digestive process is carried on. The ancients than the other.

debate asserted that there was a great difference between upp that it was effected by beat; and this opinion Finding that animal substances thus submitted to the 128 formed from a consideration of the situation of the action of the gastric juice were easily digested, he made

the persecutor Saul, and the apostle Paul, although the Horach, wich they thought was in the hottest part of the miany similar experiments on vegetables, which were also

brain remained the same (admitted ;) but-though the bendy, being placed in the cavity of the abdomen, and sur. digested, but not so' speedily as animal matter. Inani

ed. but not so speedily as animal matter. Inani-effects were different, was not the cause the same unded by numerous soft organs. That heat acts as an Imate substances not being so res iliary to digestion, is not to be doubted; but it can inquired how far living animals were capable of resisting vious to his conversion he was zealous to God as you all www

vat aware substances not being so readily soluble, he next (veneration ?) 'Does not. St. Paul say himself, that preerer be considered as a principal agent in the process; the action of the gastric juice. far cold blooded animals are known to digest their food To ascertain this, he enclosed a leech in a sphere to

are this day. He persecuted the Christians because he ocent vett to supply the wants of the machine, al. prevent its wounding the stomach. The man swallowed thought he did an acceptable service unto God; and after beach meir temperature is but little higher than that of it, and when voided, nothing was found in the sphere but he found that his zeal was improperly directed, does not mosphere.

a viscid black miasma--the undefined remains of the di- bis conduct convince us that he had veneration in the Another theory was, that digestion was effected by a gested leech.

highest degree? The same speaker affirmed that a person atrefactive process; but by experiments made on some Dr, Stevens, having no longer an opportunity of conLiimals, which were induced to eat putrid meat, and after. ducting his experiments on the man, had recourse to dogs

who wanted the organ of colour was employed by "men Van nded, it appeared, upon examining the contents of and ruminating animals. Having previously weighed a milliners and ladies" to match silks, &c. This is not a he wonacb, that the fætor of the food was considerably quantity of animal and vegetable matter, he enclosed case in point; be might have had the organ of comparison ; ininished thereby establisbing the direct converse of them in different ivory spheres, and made a dog swallow he might have distinguished by the touch ; and it has ie position and moving that the gastric juice possesses them. Some hours after this the dog was killed, and the been proved that the blind can discriminate between anti-septic quality

animal food was found to be by far the most dissolved. Agais-Digestion was supposed to be accomplished by The gastric juice of these animals has such a strong solventCOM

:colours, by the feel, as in the case of Miss M'Avoy.* _ uration. This arose from a knowledge of the action of power, that the ivory spheres which were employed were Another gentleman very kindly gave us permission to call he satu in virus; a similar action having been gra- found to have been acted upon. He then made several a portion of the brain the os frontis, and this brings me to sitously imposed upon the stomachs of other animals. experiments on herbiverous animals, by giving them ani- | a member who asked if he might judge of the quality of That nis opinion is founded upon a false analogy, need mal and vegetable substances enclosed in different tubes.

• a nut by the shape of the shell. If the kernel were not o be insisted upon because, ihe muscular coat of the When these were discharged, the animal food had underLeczach, in eo and quadrupeds, is000 of sufficient gone no alteration, while, on the contrary, there were no surunk, I say he migal, DU

shrunk, I say he might, but the kernel might have been Trength to act on the food in this way remains of the vegetable matter.

| diseased, and so might the brain, and in this case phre. The best idea was, that of fermentation; but this, like These experiments plainly prove that digestion is not nologists do not pretend to judge. Mr. M‘K— , who other beories, is erroneous; for the food does not re-effected by heat, putrefaction, trituration, or fermentation, evidently paid more attention to wit than argument, and in suficient time in the stomach to allow of fermen. I but by solution in which process the gastric juice is the tion; nay, it this process should take place, we shall principal and general agent that acts upon the food, dis.

substituted ridicule for reason, commenced by commend bd, in the second division of this work, that it may and solves it, and combines with it previous to its propulsion into | ing, and ended by depreciating the science; he laughed

induce disease. Sir John Pringle and Dr. Macbride the intestines, where the process of assimilation is further at phrenology, because he said that the passions were first ade several experiments. upon this subject. By com advanced. It also appears from these experiments, that discovered, and then the corresponding protuberances. ang alimentary matter witb water and saliva, and keep-some animals can only digest vegetable substances, while Roe I would ask how would any phenomenon ba se

it in a temperature equal to that of the animal heat, I others are only capable of digesting animal food-every ey found, after a time, appearances similar to those pro species of animal having, in fact, its peculiar gastric juice.

counted for, but by reasoning from the effect to the cause ? Bed is wwmon cases of chymical fermentation: but it

Who would ever have discovered the pressure of the wuld be foolish to infer, from this experiment that the A New Fire.-Captain Parry, on preparing for the sin atmosphere but byobserving the effect? This gentleman nie change takes place in the stomach, because the gastric gular expedition in which he is now engaged, found great condemns the science, because Dr. Gall was a schoolboy which is the principal agent in the process of diges- difficulty, we believe, in providing for the necessary process

| when the idea struck him; but was not the greatest im e does not appear to bave been employed : besides, of cooking during the period he and his companions would o could me aseertain from this whether this fermentative be likely to be absent from his ship. At length he fixed /provement in the steam-engine suggested by a boy ? roces were healthy or not? This theory has been com-on the lamp with incombustible wick, which is fed with The same speaker says, that because the Brahmins never letely negatired by experiments which have been made spirits of wine. This sort of fire is not only very weak, destroy so much as a fly, they must want the organ of reta alimentar matter, mixed with gastric juice, instead but very expensive, and is of course incapable of being destructiveness : but does the causing the Hindoo widows

water and saliva, and placed m a situation favourable applied upon a large scale. We have very recepty seen his homselon on be funeral mile of his dead fermentation; and in which fermentation did not take another description of fire, which is procured from a very bice,

cheap and common liquid, without the interposition of husbands prove a want of this organ? I do not wish to The best founded theory is that of solution, that is, of wicks of any kind. The heat which it produces is so in trespass upon your valuable columns, but should this

tense, that it boils a kettle of water in a few minutes, and meet your approbation, I shall communicate a few facts Dr James Johnson, whose Essay on the Morbid Sensibi- causes a much greater ebullition than coal fire. It is appli- that have come under my own eye. by of the stomach and Bowels is one of the best works cable to all the purposes of cookery, to any extent that may eh has yet been written on that everlasting subjeet

July 2, 1827.

CRANIUM. digestion, and its consequences. We strongly recommend

mend be required. It would, therefore, be peculiarly convenient per to all our young professional readers.

the naval and merchant service. In the summer season, ? See a note to correspondents, Miss M'Avoy-Edit. Kal.

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Literature, Eriticism, &c. is pouring a thousand streams of inspiration throughout

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY.
the land," and learning is enlarging her boundaries on
every side. Yet proud as we are of all this energy

(From the Liverpool Courier.]
(ORIGINAL)
and all this achievement, we must confess that there

Hemnariu

during meter 8 heatu- tbe Wind ON THE STATE OF LITERATURE.

is room for apprehension, in reference to the prospects

of our literature. For, let us ask, what is the general taste
(Continued from a former number.]
of readers, and what the general object of authors of the

S.E.

Rain.

Fair. present day? Are not both descriptions of individuals,

N. Fair. As yet, the literary character of the English language, in a great measure, the slaves of originality, excitement,

S.W. Fair. though full of vigour, riches, and depth, was deficient in

N.W. Fair. poignancy, and effect? From the tales of the nursery to

N.W. Fair. refinement and delicacy. As the progress of the tongue, the addresses of the pulpit, effect is every thiny. Never

| N.W. Fair. however, and the influence of classical taste, growing out has it been thought necessary to employ so many artifices, of classical erudition, advanced, literary compositions were in order to sweeten the useful and medicinal potion, and freed from the defects. Among the first great authors who

Tide Table. trick, men into knowledge and virtue. Our children are contributed to these results is to be numbered the illustri. not suffered to have useful truth addressed to them in that

Days. Norn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c. ous Locke; and, during greater part of the last century, direct and simple manner in which, after all, they appre

h. m. h. m.ft. in. the process going on upon our literature was a process of hend it most readily, and feel its influence most strongly; Tuesday. 7 5 12 5 45 12 1 Cambridge Term ends. gradual improvement in polish, exactness, and system. I but they must have it presented to their minds, disguised |

Wednesday18 6 22 6 59 11

(1831 The natural influence of these changes was much increased | under narrative, or enveloped in the mysteries of a game

Thursday..19 7 36 8 10 11 2 King George IV. erowned

Friday ....2 8 43 9 10 11 . 9 Margaret. in reference to poetical composition, by the prevalence of of tetotum. In the same way are we apparently regarded

Saturday..211 9 35 9 56 12

(Magdalen. French tastes and opinions, which followed the Revolu. | as children, and from day to day our admiration is soli.

Sunday....22 10 16 10 35 13 8 6th Sunday after Trinity,

Monday ..23 10 53 11 1014 tion. A complete revolution took place in the character of cited, and too often obtained, by what has nothing of

Tuesday ..24 11 29 11 44 15 5 New Moon, Oh. 31m.morn our poetry ; and, instead of its former exuberance, free intrinsic worth to recommend it, and only dazzles us by dom, and energy, it became distinguished by a hard its gilding and garnishing. Few, or none, can trust them. and artificial brilliance, weight, and penetration. To

To Correspondents. selves to speak simply, and the public do not seem willing wards the end of the last century, the way began to to hear what is simply told them. This hankering after be prepared for a return from art to nature, by the effect, to the entire exclusion of any thing like substance,

THE INDEX and TITLE-PAGE TO THE SEVENTH VOLUME OF TH

KALEIDOSCOPE are prepared in type, and will positively genius of Gray, of Goldsmith, and especially of Cowper. is a very dangerous system, which imperiously requires ready for delivery with the next number. And the revolution has, in our own day, been carried into to be counteracted. The loss is, that to be extravagant is complete effect by a host of genius, which, in its amount so much more easy than to be simply great, that for one

Miss M'AVOY-Although we are not at all disposed to reme and its activity, is altogether uprivalled in the history of who is the latter, a thousand literary men make them

the M'Avoy controversy, which, in our opinion, has literature. The literature of our day cannot be described

completely set at rest, we cannot suffer that female's p selves the former. The simple writers of our age-the

tended faculty to be adduced as a confirmation of an by any distinct and definite character, like that of former Stewarts, the Halls, the Campbells are among the least theory: as it is our decided opinion, founded on no 8.8 ages. There is such a quantity, such a restlessness, such prolific; and for this simple reason, that for one ingot of grounds, that she could no more distinguish colours by a versatility of talent in operation, throughout the literary their gold, there is more value condensed than the price

touch, than we can distinguish favour by the ear or the world, as makes it impossible to fix on any separate name, of all the tinsel which an ordinary writer would sprinkle

If we were once, for a very short time, of a different opinia

we assigned reasons for that circumstance, and also for study, or peculiarity, by which to designate it. There over whole bales of his Aimsy gauze, the very “woven change in our opinion, or rather we should say, convicta have been men, it is freely confessed, in former ages, wind" of the ancients. It was a similar taste in ancient on the subject of the pretended phenomenon. whose consecrated names shall be sphered higher in the times that gave birth to the conceits of Ovid, the epigram firmament of renown, and shall blaze with more dazzling of Sautus, the coarse dark copiousness of Lucan, and the

FIELD SPORTS.Our correspondent Rusticus will percen

that we have adopted his suggestion by introducing lustre through the dark depths of time, than any single insane turgidity of Statius. All these were men of the

the Kaleidoscope the enumeration of field sports, WOICH! star of that galaxy of intellectual splendour which glorifies loftiest genius, but they prostituted their talents to a shall continue to do monthly, although field sporta our horizon. But never before was so 'thickly clustered a vitiated taste, and the offspring was ill-favoured and ill. general are not at all to our taste. We feel with cowy constellation seen in the heavens of literature, and never

on the subject: starred. The same danger impends over us. " Moniti

« Accursed sports, was the hemisphere so full of light. Nor is it merely the me liora sequamur !"_Yours, &c.

That owe their pleasure to another's woes." amount of literary talent and general information by July 3.

J.

WN. It is not affectation on our parts when we say that we which our age is distinguished, that claims our attention.

could be reconciled to hunting, coursing, fishing, 10

We had but the other day a lecturer on poetry, at the A still more remarkable phenomenon, which, indeed, may | Royal Institution, George L. Craik, Esq. of the Inner Temple,

to horse-racing. There are sports in abundan

which inflict no turture upon living creation, an be regarded as the cause of the former, is the extreme a man celebrated as well for his classical learning as for his

more to our taste. restlessness of effort with wbich this talent and this know. original genius for poetry; we are only sorry that he met with ledge are operating ; “many are running to and fro, and so little encouragement from the public of Liverpool. I canTus CHASR, FROM THE GERMAN.--The Arst portion

only account for this by his not being sufficiently known. translation is reserved for the next Kaleidoscope knowledge is increased;" the intellect which is diffused

meantime, we shall be obliged to our correspondent 10 through all classes of society will remain dormant in none,

The following instance of ingenuity in a spider, which continuation or the remainder. "scribimus indocti doctique ;" titled and plebeian, rich

was witnessed by the writer of this article, will not be unand poor, soldiers and sailors, are equally candidates for

I J. H.'s Stanzas to Miss H. and the Fairy Song, shall ha interesting :- web was observed to be tightly stretched

place next week. The delay has been occasioned by a intellectual fame, and, through the thousand channels of across a garden path, about five feet in breadth, the reti.

wholly independent of the merit of the pieces, as we the press, inundate and fertilize the land with ever. flowing culated portion occupying the centre, and one of the prin

explain to the writer when we next meet him. cipal threads to which this part was attached, had a vertithought. Pormerly, to print a book used to be an awful

cal direction ; upon examining in what manner this was THE PLAQUE IN MANCHESTER.-Our readers will reco thing. The literary adventurer stood full in the eye of the fastened to the ground, it was found that the ingenious our last volume contained the commencement of world; he could not hope to pass muster in the multitude of insect, instead of having permanently fixed it to the gravel ginal legend. We were not aware of the great lenga his associates, or to elevate his pigmy intellect on stilts, with path, had coiled it round a stone a little larger than its which the story would extend; but when we ascerta

that it would probably consist of twenty chap out being discovered: but now. such are the crowd in the own body, and had raised this about a foot from the walk.

where it was swinging in the air, giving the necessary de thought it advisable not to proceed further unt arena, from every side, that no feeling of awe or peril has

gree of tension to the net-work of the web, but not afford. mencement of our new volume. Having lately re room to visit the adventurer; and then, if he succeed, what | ing a sufficient resistance to the wind to occasion its de continuation of the piece, we shall proceed w better can he do than try again ? If he fail, still what can struction.-Monthly Magazine.

with, and shall reprint the portion wbich appea he do better than try again ? Thus it is that the whole em.

seventh volume; and in order to compensate ou | A few days ago, a gentleman of this town sent an Irish pire of literature exhibits the spectacle of fierce commotions,

for the repetition, it shall be contained in a gratum labourer on an errand. a short distance into the country : 1

plement. canons the most ancient and renerable disregarded, the on his return, Pat was asked what his charge was— Nine. old paths forsaken, and restless talent wandering over the pince, Sir," he replied; “ Sixpince for going, and three. LITERATURE. The essay of L. is in the hands of the print whole amplitude of things in search of novelty and ori- pince for coming back, Sir,-ii was up the hill all the way and shall appear in our next. ginality. Nor is the variety of intellectual capacity in there."-Sheffield Iris.

The lines of A. M. shall be attended to. our day less striking than its amount or its activity. All A gentleman finding his stock of wines and spirits ra. We she

We shall in our next address notes to S. C• J the endless diversities of scientific research, and specula. pidly on the decline, asked his black butler, « Sancho, how is it the last wine has gone so quick?”

Birmingham, whose mamuscript we have just record tive or imaginative literature, are pursued by innumerable

Received for nerable answer, “Why, Massa's friends drink great deal, and votaries. Sciences, whose names were before unknown, Sancho's friends drink great deal." The difficulty was at Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESI are daily added to the vocabulary of philosophy. Poetry 'once cleared up.

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord street, Liverpool.

he Arst portion of

we shall proceed with it for

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This familjar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, MEN and

NAXSEES, ANUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTS and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming a handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an INDEX and TITLB-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

Pour une policores, Bisoareas, senonotooy, the bansa, nista ands

No. 369.-Vol. VIII.

TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1827.

PRICE 3d

Thethe

Literature, Criticism, &c:

since the Revolution. That the English language has much above the precepts of Horace, Aristotle, and Lon.

been greatly improved by extricating it from the clogged, ginus, as he is generally below them. His plays are LITERARY DISCUSSION.

ponderous, and cumbrous periods which characterize both neither tragedies por comedies, but a heterogeneous mass

the prose and poetry of the Elizabethan age, is quite ob- of ludicrous raillery, grovelling buffoonery, sententious * Vir bonus et prudens versus reprendat inertes,

vious; and it is no less evident that the writers since the sorrow, and sublime passion ; he stoops too frequently Culpabit duros, incomtis allinet atrum Transverto laro signum."--Horace.

Revolution have effected so desirable a reformation. The from the elevation of his grandeur to quote a pun, or inTO THE EDITOR.

names of Addison, Hume, and Johnson, stand pre-emi- verse a jest: from the mountain top he descends to pen a SIE.-As your little miscellany seems well adapted to the nently high in the list of our improvers, and their

nted to the nently high in the list of our improvers, and their writings quibble, or lift a grain of sand.* Dryden, his great ad.

h) alone have contributed much to the present state of our mirer, corroborates this by his criticism ingenuous discussion of literary as well as of scientific sub. alone have contributed much to the present state

“He is many jects, I beg to trouble you with the following remarks, in

language, which will yield to no modern or dead tongue, times flat and insipid ; his comic wit degenerating into reply to a letter signed Thespis, in the Kaleidoscope of the

is in the Raleidoscope of the in either sublimity, harmony, pathos, or energy. This clenches, and his serious swelling into bombast." And th ult.

circumstance cannot but directly contribute to render Johnson, a still greater critic and moralist than Dryden, The question involved in the essay read before the Scien. modern poetry more agreeable and instructive. If the says that “Shakspeare sacrifices virtue to convenience nesmieten Theeday, the Leth instant. was, as already reader compare the Davideis of Cowley with the pleasures his precepts and axioms drop casually from him he

of Hope, or The World before the Flood, he will imme- makes no just distribution of good and evil, nor is he always before or since the Revolution ?" and on which occasion

ion diately perceive the force of these remarks. The general careful to show in the virtuous a just disapprobation of the meeting decided, after a long and interesting contro- tendency of the old poets (particularly the dramatic) was the wicked; he carries his persons indifferently through

ose in favour of the latter period, by a majority of always immoral, frequently vulgar, and generally licen- right and wrong, and at the close dismisses them without Sauleskree to one! But as Thespis has been, by his own tious, and even blasphemous. We know that female further care, and leaves their example to operate by chance W ission in the minority, it will be but justice to your writers excel in touching and describing the lively and This fault the barbarity of his age cannot

ribing the lively and This fault the barbarity of his age cannot extenuate, for ders generally, to state here a few of the prominent ar pathetic emotions of the heart, and in giving that tran. it is a writer's duty to make the world better, and justice Foments brought forward by your correspondent, as well scription of their own minds which displays the delicate is a virtue independent on time and place." We may say a those by the gentlemen who contended the point with

sensibilities of the soul, and unites the refinement of social with Sophocles, that his lines are, im and his colleagues.

harmony and moral and intellectual intelligence, for which “Loud sounding blasts, not sweetened by the stop." In the commencement of the dispute it was fully and the sex is so remarkably distinguished.

A gentleman at the meeting ably and justly exposed the was un. dearly explained, that by “the greatest poets” was un. In order to arrive at a just conclusion on this point, let levity and absurdity of Hamlet calling his father's ghost

In order to arrive at a just conclusion on this point, let levitu an

roduced in derstood the greatest quantity of good poetry produced in us examine in what species of poetry the writers be

us examine in what species of poetry the writers before the true penny;" and Mercutio, with the buffoonery of a

Revolution excelled, and what degree of originality, sub-jester, is made to pun the solemnity of death itself: he either period, and not the comparative merit of one poet Revolution excelled, and what degree of originality, sub. lieste

limity, and moral tendency, can be attributed to them. remarks, on getting his wound, that “it is not so deep as with another; as if we were to inquire whether Shakspeare limity, and moral tendency, can be attributed to was a greater dramatic writer than Rowe, Congreve, or

In pastoral poetry can the palm be disputed with the lat. a well, nor so wide as a church-door-that he was pep.

ter writers ? Morton; or the Paradise Lost a greater poem than the ter writers ? The ballads of Shenstone, and the Gentle

The ballads of Shenstone, and the Gentle pered, he warranted, for this world !” thus making this Lamidal. Such queries evidently admit of no discussion; Shepherd of Ramsay, have the natural ease and simplicity pattern of threatrical morality a buffoon during his life, the dra

ten since of any thing produced by Theocritus or Virgil, and as and a punster even in the shades of death, when he is Le Rerolution be greater or equal to that of Shakspeare, much originality. The pastorals of Pope and Phillips are about to enter into the invisible world! The tragedy of dohodemariere before 1688. in refinement, delicacy | sufficiently known, and The Seasons of Thomson, whe- | Humlet opens in describing the stillness of night with sentiment, vividness of imagination, and moral tenden- | ther considered descriptive, didactic, or pastoral, may be the ludicrous simile that " not a mouse stier

the ludicrous simile that " not a mouse stirring :"-( ridi8. the question immediately assumes a disputable shape. said as having embraced the Georgics and Pastorals of Vir- culus mus.

culus mus.) Should Homer or Sophocles have come Variante definitions were given of what poetry is, and gil, as much as that poet's productions do the Idyllia of | menced with such contemptible figures, they would have me of what it is not. Among the rest was given Haz-Theocritus. In lyric poetry I know not any thing in the been justly doomed to sink for ever into the shades of obit's definition. Touchstone says that “the truest poetry English language that can surpass or equal Dryden's Ode livion. Timon of Athens is made to live a fool, and die a

the most feigning;" according to which, the poetry to St. Cecilia ; and the imitations of it by Pope and Ad- blaspheming misanthrope, cursing himself, the sun, moon. founded on truth is the most untrue. Johnson says, that dison are no mean productions. Gray is another great and all mankind !_Excellent morality! The Rambler.

attempt to define poetry shows the narrowness of the original lyric writer, not to mention Collins, Warburton, No. 168, critically exposes the absurdity of bombast in Definer. The simplest, and perhaps best definition is, that and many others. Thespis mentioned Wyatt, or Wy, which Macbeth speaks of “Heaven peeping through the Ben series of writing which, by pleasing, instructs. Keep cherly, 28 having been the father of English lyrical | blanket of the dark.” This is even worse, if possible. Ing this in mind. I proceed to the following observations. poetry ; if so, let him produce his works. In descrip- than Milton's “ pavement of heaven.” To make the Many of the earliest English poets, as Gower, Chaucer, tive poetry none equals, much less surpasses, Thompson ; Omnipresence of heaven “ peep" through any thing, saBarbour, and others, are sometimes found in our private

ir private and the names of Goldsmith, Akenside, Armstrong, Som-vours too much of the ornamenta ambitiosa ; " for who, Libraries, but seldom read with pleasure, interest, or in. merville, and others, need no encomium. In dramatic (says Johnson) without some relaxation of his gravity, can

glossary, and poetry it must be confessed that no individual poet ever hear of the avengers of guilt peeping through a blanket ?” to read them wer when we have obtained a glossary, we must procure an surpassed Shakspeare, yet I am inclined to think that if In Henry IV. we have Boreas playing the ni

as Dean Atuary to instruct us in the meaning and application all the dramatic poetry written within these hundred and Swift judiciously remarks of the obsolete words in wbich our authors are written. forty years were to be expunged from our language, Shak

"The southern wind From this, as well as from a general view of the old Eng. speare would badly compensate the loss : the same allu.

Doth play the trumpet to his purposes." fish poetry, I must confess that neither the language norsion applies to Milton, and the general poetry since his In short,

plies to Milton, and the general poetry since his In short, I cannot better represent this fustian and overversification (generally) before the end of the reign of time. If we judge Shakspeare by the rules of Grecian strained unnatur

ter th:

words of Lonimproved state of and Roman criticism, we cannot vouch for his greatness ginus :-“ Forced and unnatural images corrupt and de. Elizabeth, can please, in the present improved state of and Roman criticism, we cannot vouch for h our language. The advocates for the latter period pre

e advocates for the latter period pre. as a writer of taste and judgment; yet he is sometimes as base the style, and cannot possibly adorn or raise it ; and mised the following positions :- 1st, The improvement of

whenever carefully examined in the light, their show of

• Characters and incidents from the sacred Scriptures were the English language, and, consequently, of English

generally the subjects of dramatic representation previous to being terrible gradually disappears, and they become con. poetry ; 2d, The general moral tendency of our poetry the manly attack of Collier, in 1698, in his Immorality of the temptible and ridiculous." since 1638; and, 3d, That all the female poetic writers are English Stage

See a note to correspondents,

There are several tragedies since 1688 equal, if not, make sharps," &c. The mind can never take pleasure in sacrificed to the zeal or ignorance of the pious visitors superior, to any that were ever written by Shakspeare. investing the Deity with passions like his creatures ; and the reign of Edward VI. I may enumerate, as particula Cato, Douglas, and Bertram, not to mention Virginius, when he assumes the sceptre of tyranny, cruelty, and op- patronized by Humphrey, Leonard Arctus, Piero Jane Shore, and others, are superior in taste, unity, and pression, and evinces revenge, and other despicable pas. Monto, Titio Livio, and Flors Juli, whom he constitut diction to any of the Shaksperian tragedies; no foolery, sions, we fear the poet's fancy has superseded his judg- his poet and orator, and Antonio Beccario, his secretar or fustian and ridiculous swellings, are found in thein ; ment. That Milton copied not only from Continental but whose translation of six tracts of Athanasius, undertak) they keep their place on the stage, and will in the closet, ancient poets, is very evident; for his Battle of the Angels by command of the Duke, is among the royal manuscrit as long as good taste and morals are found among man is found, more or less, in every poet, from Homer to the in the British Museum. The first of those Engli kind.

Battle of the Giants of Ovid. We owe our knowledge and scholars who studied the Greek language in Italy, th Thespis, after defending Shakspeare, (for which, by his our veneration of this poem to my Lord Somers and Mr. the only school of polite letters, are Joho Tiptcft, Earl own confession, he had been subpæned, I shall not say Addison, who, being themselves fond of the marvellous in Worcester, Lord Chancellor to Edward IV., and Jol hired,) came to the conclusion that this poet was not only religion, took every opportunity to recommend the work Free (or Freat, as he is called by Leland,) with Gm the greatest man that England ever produced, but even to others. A gentleinan ably and critically said of Milton, Fleming, and Gundorp, passed over to Italy from Oxfull the greatest man the world ever saw! This assertion was that, whenever we could not understand him we would be and, either together, or at no great interval of time fra worthy of a Thespian, for none else could possibly have astonished, and, when not astonished, were sure to be each other, became pupils of Guarini; of which the cel made it. I remember a country squire whose library con. amazed.

brated teacher has related, as a striking evidence by sisted of a few old classics he had had at Elon, and Shak. Thespis, among other most extraordinary assertions, deeply interested his feelings were in the learned parsul speare's works, with a few volumes on field sports : he had said that didactic poetry might as well be written in prose ; in which he was engaged, that having, while studying two topics on which he was always eloquent during the so might the tragedies of Shakspeare, as well as those of Greece, under the celebrated Chrysolorus, collected to circulation of the bottle, these were-Shakspeare and the Schiller, Morre, and Lewis : but Dr. Blair, with more large boxes of manuscripts, the loss of one of thes, b chase. When asked who was the greatest historian ? he taste, and certainly more judgment, than Thespis, re the shipwreck of the vessel in which he was returning would answer Shakspeare. The greatest astronomer? marks, that "it has several advantages over prose treatises, Italy, caused him such profound concern that his hy Shakspeare. The greatest general of antiquity ? Shak- on moral or philosophical subjects. By the charm of ver. became gray in a single night. Tiptoft brought by speare. What is the most rational amusement? The sification and numbers it renders instruction more agree with him to England, (whither he was accompanied chase. Who was the greatest mathematician? Shakable.” The Essay on Man would receive little commen- the Italian scholar Ludovicus Carlo,) a valuable collect speare. And the greatest agriculturists? Shakspeare and dation, or give little instruction, in prose. Doctors Aken- of manuscripts, intended both for his private use and myself. The assertion thus made by Thespis was unte- side and Armstrong are amongst the first didactic poets; enrich the Humphredian Library at Oxford. These, of nable, unphilosophical, and injudicious, uttered without bor should Young's name be omitted in the first rank of his execution, upon the restoration of Henry VI., follow premeditation, and maintained without judgment. moral and preceptive English poets.

the fate of the rest of Duke Humphrey's library. Tipe Homer is unquestionably the father of all epic, if not of In modern poetry we have the improvement of language left several works in Latin and English; at the end d'! dramatic poetry, and he has been looked upon as such by and versification, and the many illustrious names, whe. impression of one of which, (a version of two oration every civilized nation; for the plays of Shakspeare are not ther in original productions or excellent translations, are Banatusius Magnastio,) the printer Caxton has paid to the Iliad what Horace's Satires are to the Ænead. It sufficient to allow us to give the palm of superiority tribute of enthusiastic affection to the memory oft was remarked, however, by a person at the meeting, (and, wherever it is due. No poetry can possibly be great that accomplished Earl. I think, with more correctness than prudence,) that Thes. is not good; and, to be good, must tend to mend or Of Free we are told there remain high encomiums fr pis's opinions were influenced by his interest and profes. enliven the heart ; and that poetry, how great soever it the pen of Guarini himself, in the collection of his epis sional partialities. This he attempted to refute; but the may be, in novelty of images or sublimity of conception, preserved in the library of Baliol College. Johan charge was too true to be repelled : and, whatever fine and cannot merit the name of great or good, if it create a blush Anglicus (Free was styled; by the bye, he shared the ti sententious speculations are made on human life, they are on the cheek of innocence, or tend to lead the heart astray with more than one other Englishman of about the never so convincing as the practice of it; for we seldom from virtue.

period) stood so high in the estimation of the accomplet see tax-gatherers or excisemen vote against Government, I beg to draw your correspondent Thespis's attention to scholars of Italy, that, when time or accident had of or a royal pensioner deny the minister his aid : nor do we my concluding remark, as it may benefit him in his fu- the original monkish epitaph upon the tomb of Petran often see a corrupt minister act up to the golden rule; ture experience in life. We ought always to avoid two he was requested to compose an inscription, to succeed yet their judgments are said to be quite uninfluenced by things in disquisition, the folly of exaggeration, and the more consonant with the approved latinity of the their professions.*

prejudice of profession : enthusiasm may prompt the one, It was that, the beginning of which is given by Lela To Milton great praise must be given, particularly for and self-interest will naturally uphold the other. Pre and Warton :-“ Tuscia me genuil," &c. Several his Paradise Lost, although many critics, and even Durnes, suming on the indulgence generally granted to old corres- tinguished panegyrics upon this scholar are collect have pronounced the subject as unhappily chosen. To pondents for the diffuseness of their remarks, I am,

Some of his works, deposited in Jesus College, Oxfg give natural organs, common thoughts, and actions of men, June 2, 1827.

Yours, &c.

L. have perished ; those which remain are, Cosmogtas to the Divinity, even by personification, may possibly,

Mundi, consisting of extracts from Pliny-a translat and, indeed, frequently does, lead to more evil than good. ON THE FIRST INTRODUCTION OF GREEK LITERA

of some parts of Xenophon—a collection of ten L The poem is founded on an Italian comedy, which Milton,

TURE INTO ENGLAND,

epistles and a little poem, " Carmen ad miraculam st 3 youth, saw acted at Florence, and called Adoma. INCLUDING SKETCHES OF THOSE EMINENT ENGLISH PATRONS AND I elegans,” (says Leland) addressed to Tiptoft. It is The subject was the fall of man ; the actors God, the SCHOLARS THROUGH WHOSE EXERTIONS THE MONASTIC IGNOdevils, angels, Adam, Eve, the serpent, death, and the

RANCE OF OUR NATIVE SCHOOLS GAVE WAY BEFORE THE LAN

operated in the introduction of Greek literature among

GUAGE OF HOMER AND DEMOSTHENBÅ. seven mortal sins. The topic, so improper for a drama,

the intercourse that necessarily took place betweco caught the attention of Milton, whose great and sublime

Among the first and most liberal encouragers of Greek

orators, assembled from different nations of Europe, mind, enriched by knowledge, and strengthened by con- | learning was Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, brother to

the different papal councils. At the Council of Consta templation, could build on a few scenes a great epic poem. Hon t epic poem. Henry V. This royal bibliomaniac of the dark ages"

for instance, in 1415, the four eminent ecclesiastics, & The play, which was dedicated to Mary of Medicis, opens earnestly laboured to dispel the gloom of barbarism in

out as representatives of England, had an opportunity with a chorus of angels, and a cherubim thus speaks for

which England was in his time involved by his own conversing with Chrysolorus, the father of Greek learn the rest : “Let the rainbow be the fiddlestick of the fiddle of the heavens; let the planets be the notes of our

example as an author and a scholar : by munificent and in Italy, and with Poggio Bracciolini, one of its by

tened patronage of contemporary efforts of learning ardent restorers; which, from the known literary 4 music; let time beat carefully the measure; and the wind

especially of such as were directed to enrich modern / of some

ated to enrich modern of some individuals among them, it is supposed 4

Europe with Latin translations of the Greek classics. would not wholly neglect.--I am, yours, &c. # Thepis sneered at the Puritans and Puritanical times:

t that time Liverpool but it was the sneer of a comedian ouly, and had no effect. | labour in which the learned in Italy were at that time He ought, or rather might have known,.that a Puritan (Col.largely occupied ;) but chiefly by forming collections of lier, in 1698,) reformed the British stage; and that many of the best authors. Of the latter mode, his present to the

Tide Table. the most learned and best men of the present and former agés

| University of Oxford, of above six hundred splendid have written volumes on the immoral tendency of the drama.

Days. Morn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c. There are nearly fifty different works on this subject, down volumes, written on vellum, and elegantly embellished

h. m. h. m. ft. in. from Collier to the Rev. Rowland Hill. Thespis may rest as- with miniatures and illuminations, is a noble specimen. Tuesday ..24 11 29 11 44 155 New Moon, Oh.31m.m sured that mankind would be better if all the thentres were | It is deeply to be lamented that a single specimen only! Wednesday 25 11 59 16 2 St. Kies razed to the ground, and if in their stead gymnastie schools, survives of this monument of Humphrey's taste and Friday ....27 o 501 516

Thursday..26 0 16 0 33'16 7 St. Anne. or schools of art, or libraries for the people were erected.

9 munificence : it is a beautiful manuscript, in folio, of Saturday..28 1 23 1 39 16 6 At present the public taste seems gradually to be on the de

Sunday....29 1 58 2 16 16 i 7th Sunday after Trin cline; but which evinces neither a diminution of good sense Valerius Maximus : the rest, under suspicion of contain: Monday ..30 2 37 2 58 15 4 nor of virtue.

6 Morn's Arst quarters ing matter savouring of Popish superstition, having been Tuesday, 31 3 21 3 47 14

causes

A LIT

Miscellanies.

ling in this propensity that the death of the reverend gentle, Wylie interested the owner's feelings by relating the man may be indirectly attributed. After the perpetration wonderful escape he had made, and before tasting a mor.

of the sanguinary deed, he was first discovered by two of sel himself, saw his steed rubbed down, and suppered in a THE REY, MR. WATERHOUSE

these boys, lying in a mash-tub, groaning deeply, with his style that would do honour to the grooms at Kew Palace.

legs hanging over the side of the vessel. The boys imme- The animal had always been a great favourite, but the A letter from Huntingdon, written on Tuesday se'nnight, diately quitted the house, and acquainted a neighbour with above adventure tended so much to enhance his value, contains the following interesting particulars of the eccen- the circumstances, when they were answered the

the circumstances, when they were answered that their that his master was often heard to say, that no vile dog or tric babits of this unfortunate gentleman :

master only did it on purpose to frighten them. Screams carrion crow should ever tear the flesh from his bones. I *** The deceased was a gentleman of eccentric and not were also heard issuing from the house ; but from the And this resolution he kept so religiously, that " Rattler," Frers ciznited habits, though he at one time offered him. singular character of the deceased, or from culpable negli on his death, was buried at the bottom of a sunny knoll,

el sa candidate for the Mastership of Catharine Hall, gence, they were in like manner disregarded. Assistance and the decent ceremony honoured with a tear, as grateful
Cambridge, of which college he was the oldest remaining at this moment might have saved the life of the unhappy as ever dropped from a human eye. .
Bachelor of Divinity. He was for many years a Fellow of man, and prevented the full accomplishment of a crime
Catharine Hall, and discharged, with credit to himself, which can only be paralleled in atrocity by the kindred
Farious offices connected with the University, such as Proc. horrors of the murder of Weare.”

[From the London Weekly Review.]
for. Taxer, &c. His latler years presented a woful con-
rast to the honourable scenes amongst which his youth

INDIAN SKETCHES. und manhood were spent, and furnish ample matter for

INTERESTING NARRATIVE.

FROM THE MANUSCRIPT JOURNAL OF AN INDIAN OYPICER. reflection to those who love to study the various phases ind abarations of human nature. For the last twenty or

(From the Dumfries Courier.)

INDIAN SPORT. Giriy years of his life, the reverend gentleman might be

As a young officer of the Bengal army was proceeding considered so bad representative of a certain class of the The following very remarkable circumstance has been up the Ganges, on his way from Berhampore to Patna, English clergy of the last century, who sat as models for communicated to us by a correspondent, who has nothing he beguiled the tedium of his voyage by exercising his the pen of Fielding and other satirists, but who are happily credulous or gossiping in his nacure, and who, from the fowling-piece on the innumerable feathered tribes which non fast disappearing. In dress and manners he was sim. numerous inquiries he has made on the subject, is willing haunt the sunny banks of that noble river. Though not pleas Abrabam Adams himself, though it must be con. and able to attest its accuracy.

a first-rate marksman, his skill was by no means coo. lased, in scant parts of his character, he bore a closer re- In the year 1796 or 7, the late Mr. John Wylie, in temptible. In the course of his sporting adventures, enblance to Parson Trulliber. The land attached to his Wylie's parish of Dornock, paid a visit to a friend on the however, he met with an accident which had nearly made story at Stukeley, which was worth about £400 per an English side of the Solway Frith, and while returning him curse the fidelity of his aim during the remainder of

E, he retained in his own occupation, and busied him.home, attempted to cross by a well-known ford, about å his life. One sultry day, in pursuance of his accustomed de incessands, though often very unprofitably, in the mile or so to the eastward of Bowness. He travelled on pastime, he threw up the venetian window of his budge. anagement of his rural affairs. As he would seldom horseback, was well-mounted, and knew the time pre row," and perceiving, as he imagined, a very numerous hi labourers the wages usually given in the parish, cisely of low water; but an intense frost lay on flood and

assemblage of dark coloured birds on the opposite shore, ground remained uncultivated, if work was to be ob field, and in the course of a very few hours, the process of

e process of the levelled his gun with more than ordinary caution, ined eksewbere, and last year he had not completed his crystallization had gone forward so rapidly, that the ice, and pulled the trigger, under the firm conviction that

barvest till considerably after Michaelmas. The large which deeply incrusted the sand-banks, and crackled he should at all events disturb their levee. He watched degant rectory-house he converted into a sort of gra. under his horse's hoofs, stretched even far into the mid the ball leap along the glassy surface of the water, up for his long-hoarded grain; and at one time loads of dle of the frith. With much difficulty he groped his way

the frith. With much difficulty he groped his way until it seemed to penetrate into the very midst of R acks of wool, and bushels of fruit, the produce of through the river Eden, and, on reaching the Esk, the them ; but strange to relate, not a wing stirred! An.

farm and orchards, might be seen in rooms decorated | air became so cold, and the atmosphere so hazy, that his other shot and another-and another ; but the little

Turkey carpets, and the other insignia of refined senses were not a little bewildered. His gallant steed, dark figures remained as stationary as ever. His head ray. Consistent with this plan of utility, in utter con- unlike his wont, evinced great reluctance to proceed, and throbbed, and his eye ached from the intensity of the heat of taste and ornament, Mr. Waterhouse had nearly though admonished by both whip and spur, went forward

se had nearly though admonished by both whip and spur. Went forward and glare. The distant shore appeared at times as a dizzy Ik windows of his house blocked up, to save the pay. at a very lagging pace. This, to the rider, seemed an mist : the broad smooth river reflected intolerable radiance;

of the window tax. Out of twenty in front, treo ominous circumstance, and while pausing to reflect on his and the hot air seemed composed of glimmering masses of tere suffered to remain. He lived constantly in the situation, the sagacious animal turned gently round of its ever-moving atoms, like the sun-illumined sands of the He, without any regular female domestic, and per own accord, and appeared much more willing to retreat Desert. Under these circumstances, the appearance of ad the office of cook for himself and workmen. Every than advance. This incident, trifling as it was, determined distant objects might have deceived the strongest vision ; aday the reverend gentleman walked to Huntingdon Mr. Wylie to resign himself entirely to the guidance of and he began to suspect that what he had taken for birds het, a distance of between three and four miles, fre- his horse; but he had not proceeded far in the backward might be nothing more than a quantity of scattered stones. nds driving his pigs before him; and after transacting route, when he heard the distant sound of waters, and He addressed himself to the boatmen, some of whom con. Arming business, he used to carry home, in a basket, ascertained, by more than one indication, that the flood firmed his suspicions, while others assured him that his to and sugar, and other necessaries for the week. If tide, unstayed and unrebuked by the frost, was advancing bullet never reached the shore. Vexed, and weary, and Waterhouse's habits were such as are not often found with its usual fearful rapidity. His situation was now half ashamed, he gave another fire, when lo! to his utter mert the clergy, his dress was equally uncanonical : perilous in the extreme. Placed, in a dark night, be astonishment, up rose a group of human beings, and apmese blue great coat, with metal buttons, corduroy tween two rivers, neither of them deep, yet sufficiently palled him with their extravagant gestures. It happened des, and light grey stockings, formed his usual cos. | dangerous with an ocean-tide in the rear that has over that the extraordinary heat of the weather had induced a

The following passage in the life of this singular whelmed hundreds in the course of centuries, he literally | large crowd of natives to throw themselves on the cool lap man is worthy the pencil of Cruikshank. He had a knew not where to flee or look for aid: to reach the of the goddess Gunga.t Being up to their necks in the

insuperable aversion to beggars of all descriptions; English coast by out-galloping the tide, was an utter im “sacred stream," they presented the curious spectacle Las in most small villages, the domicile of the rector is possibility, even if the Eden had not intervened ; and which misled the now agitated sportsman. He lost not a

inferior in importance to the mansion of the 'squire, after commending his soul to Divine Providence, the be- moment in directing the Maunjeett: to make the shore, bers of these itinerants contrived to way-lay the path wildered traveller took his station on the largest and and learn if any serious wound had been inflicted. On the rector of Stukeley; of course they were always re-thickest sheet of ice he could find, in the hope, rather than his landing he found, to his great satisfaction, that the ked with scorn and indignation ; and not unfrequently the expectation, that it would haply float him to dry land. people, though sufficiently alarmed and irritated, were Lan tars and soldiers might be seen at his gate shoul. The poor animal proved by its trembling that it shared wholly uninjured, with the exception of one man, who me their crutches, not to show how fields were won, but deeply in the fears of its master, and endangered the had received a spent ball in the palm of his hand. It attempt the achievement of fresh victories. One Sunday, safety of both by its restlessness, as the wind whistled occasioned, however, so slight a pain, that, on covering Hle performing divine service, the rector perceived, from louder and louder, and the waters approached nearer and the wound with a few rupees, the patient seemed immeindow in the church, a sturdy mendicant prowling nearer, until spray and head-wave foamed, and rushed, diately relieved. ut his grounds, whom he instantly determined to re and lashed around its sides. Still Mr. Wylie, who had A pinnace. Ganges. Master of the budgerow. bre, in the most prompt and efficacious manner. Wait. previously dismounted, stood unmoved at the extremity for an opportune moment, the reverend gentleman of the reins, and after a very brief space, he not only

Velocity of Cannon Balls.-Lieutenant Helwig, of ended from the desk after prayers, as the clerk was heard the ice “ break up,” but felt that he was fair under | Prussia, has invented a process for measuring the time king out the psalm, and throwing off his surplice at the weigh. The strong swell impelled the voyagers rapidly I occupied by a ball or bullet in passing through a certain Inreh.door, he attacked the graceless intruder, and fairly forward, but before they arrived at Tardoff-point, a dis- space. His process consists in making the ball liberate sted him off the premises. Having performed this tance of at least three miles, the slippery raft unfortunately the works of a time-keeper at the moment when it quits Mr. W. quietly re-entered the church, at the conclu. separated, leaving the yeoman standing upon one frag. I the mouth of the piece, and in inaking it also stop the

of the psalm, and proceeded to read the lessons of the ment, and his companion upon another. When the tide time-keeper at the moment when it strikes an obstacle, k. In one point, the rector of Stukeley was a careful began to ebb, the ice-bergs floated in a contrary direction, The numerous experiments which he has made already.

herd of his flock : he would not suffer any of his pa- and while again sailing rapidly with the stream, the horse offer interesting results. He finds, for instance, that'a thioners to appear in church dressed in a smock-frock, passed his master at a little distance, and neighed so loud, light body, of the same calibre with the bullet, moves, at usual garb of our agricultural labourers; and if a hap- that it was perfectly obvious he saw and recognised him.

the commencement, with much greater velocity than the is rustic chanced to drop in, arrayed in the prohibited His share of the ice-berg was either the largest, or from latter, equal charges being used." He finds also, that small

he sa instantly ordered by the pastor to quit the some other cause, it floated fastest ; but both at length bodies move more promptly-a circumstance which causes reh! Amongst the most amiable of the peculiarities were safely landed on the Cumberland coast, about half a considerable deviation of the ball, when there is sand or hich marked the wayward, ill-regulated mind of Mr. way between Bowness and Cardornack, and at the distance any light body within the piece used. Bulletin Universel. aterbouse, may be reckoned a peculiar fondness for the of a quarter of a mile from each other. Their meeting |

pany and amusements of children, which contrasted was necessarily a very happy one, and though they had Lately, a dentist of Nottingham extracted from the jaws Bagely with his usually selfish, violent, and even morose drifted altogether above eight miles, neither bad sustained of an elderly female, at Sneinton, who was suffering expiper. He delighted also in teasing and frightening his the slightest injury, beyond what arises from numbness cruciating pains from the tooth-ache, no less than sixteen por uncouth farm-boys; and it is, perhaps, to his indulg. I and cold. On finding his way to the nearest inn, Mr. teeth :

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