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never rested until it had deprived the Crown of its dearest while praise is received without gratitude, it is withheld powerful demagogue. Subsequent events seemed prerogatives, and established the independence of the at the risk of mortal hate. Self-love of this dangerous while to confirm the apprehensions thus excited.
character is closely allied with envy; and Robespierre was The Convention had declared their sitting permi people on a firm and permanent basis.
one ot the most envious and vindictive men that ever lived. and had taken all precautions for appealing for prot Having thus made all necessary preliminary observa- He never was known to pardon any opposition, affront, or to the large mass of citizens, who, wearied out tions, and after stating, at large, the claims of the Wi- even rivalry ; and to be marked in his tablets on such an Reign of Terror, were desirous to close it at all ha tenagemote and the claims of the feudal system, I shall account was a sure, though perhaps not an immediate, They quickly had deputations from several of the now proceed to the more historical párt of the inquiry. sentence of death. Danton was a hero, compared with bouring sections, declaring their adherence to the na I have hitherto gone on general grounds, but it will now. sions, though exaggerated,'had, at least, 'some touch of many (undoubtedly prepared beforehand) were ma
this cold, calculating, creeping miscreant; for his pas representatives, in whose defence they were arming be necessary to examine, with’ minuteness, the reign of humanity, and his brutal ferocity was supported by brutal in alí haste to the protection of the Convention. Bu each Norman King,—as from events in these reigns are courage. Robespierre was a coward, who signed death- heard also the less pleasing tidings that Henriot, & derived the whole of my facts and arguments. And here, warrants with a hand that shook, though his heart was re. effected the dispersion of those citizens who had obstr at the close of the
second essay, I state, as my opinion, That lentless. He possessed no passions on which to charge his as elsewhere mentioned, the execution of the eighty the liberties of England originated solely in the necessities crimes they were perpetrated in cold blood, and upon demned persons, and consummated that final ace
der, was approaching the Tuilleries, where they ha of the Sovereign, which necessities were occasioned by the
Murat, the third of this infernal triumvirate, had at their sitting, with a numerous staff, and such insufiolere provision made for him by the feudal system. tracted the attention of the lower orders by the violence Jacobinical forces as could hastily be collected.
of his sentiments in the journal which he conducted from End of Chapter II.
Happily for the Convention, this commandant the commencement of the Revolurion, upon such ptinci- national guards, on whose presence of mind and
ples that it took the lead in forwarding its successive the fate of France perhaps for the moment depender The Bouquet.
changes. His politicul exhortations began and ended like as stupid and cowardly as he was brutally ferocious
the howl of a bloodhound for murder; or, if a wolf could suffered himself, without resistance, to be arrested “I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have have written a journal, the gaunt and famished wretch few gens d'armes, the immediate guards of the Conve brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them."
could not have ravened more eagerly for slaughter. It headed by two of its members, who behaved in the
, SIR WALTER SCOTT'S NAPOLEON. from the slaughter of families, but blood in the profusion Robespierre another chance for safety, perhaps erd
of an ocean. His usual calculation of the heads which he empire ; for moments which a man of self-poss [Continued from our last.j
demanded amounted to two hundred and sixty thousand ; might have employed for escape, one of desperate co and though he sometimes raised it as high as three hun might have used for victory, which, considering
dred thousand, it never fell beneath the smaller number. vided and extremely unsettled state of the capital DESCRIPTION OF DANTON, ROBESPIERRE, AND It may be hoped, and, for the honour of human nature likely to be gained by the boldest competitor.
we are inclined to believe, there was a touch of insanity in The arrested deputies had been carried from one Three men of terror, whose names will long remain, we this unnatural strain of ferocity; and the wild and squalid to another, all the gaolers refusing to receive under trust, unwatched in history by those of any similar miso features of the wretch appear to have intimated a degree official charge Robespierre, and thuse who had aide creants, had now the unrivalled leading of the Jacobins, of alienation of mind. Marat was, like Robespierre, a ini supplying their dark habitations with such art and called the Triumvirate.
coward. Repeatedly denounced in the Assembly, he successive inhabitants. At length the prisoners we Danton deserves to be named first, as unrivalled by his skulked instead of defending himself, and lay concealed cured in the office of the committee of public safety. colleagues in talent and audacity. He was a man of giá in some obscure gatret or cellar among his cut-throats, by this time all was in alarm amongst the commu gantic site," and possessed a voice of thundet. His coun. until a storm appeared, when, like a bird of ill omen, his Paris, where Fleuriot, the Mayor, and Payars, the ienance was that of an Ogre on the shoulders of a Her-death-screech was again heard. Such was the strange and cessor of Hebert, convoked the civic body, despa çules. He was as fond of the pleasure of vice as of the fatal triumvirate in which the same degree of cannibal municipal officers to raise the city and the Fauxbou practice of cruelty; and it was said that there were times cruelty existed under different aspects.—Danton murdered their name, and caused the tocsin to be rung. 1 when he became hümanized, amidst" his debauchery to glut his rage; Robespierre, to avenge his injured vanity, speedily assembled a force sufficient to liberate He laughed at the terror which his furious declamation ex- or to remove a rival whom he envied Murat, from the Robespierre, and the other arrested deputies, and to cited, and might be approached with safety, like the Mael. same instinctive love of blood which induces a wolf to con- them to the Hotel de Ville, where about two thor strom at the turn of tide. His profusion was indulged' to Linue his ravage of the flocks long after his hunger is men were congregated, consisting chiefly of artillery an extent hazardous to his popularity for the populace are appeased.
and of insurgents from the suburb of Saint Antoine jealous of a lavish expenditure, as raising their favourites Danton despised Robespierre for his cowardice; Ro- already expressed their resolution of marching again too much above their own degree and the charge of pe bespierre feared the ferocious audacity of Dantoni and Convention. But the selfish and cowardly charac culation always finds ready credit with them, whea
brought with him to fear was to hate and to hate was, when the Robespierre was unfit for such a crisis. He-app against public men.
hour arrived, to destroy. They differed in their ideas, altogether confounded and overwhelmed with what Robespierre possessed this advantage over Danton; that also of the mode of exercising their terrible system of go- passed, and was passing around him; and not onehe did not seem to seek for wealth, either for hoarding or vernment. Danton had often in his mouth the sentence the victims of the Reign of Terror
felt its disablin expending, but lived in strict and economical retirement, of Machiavel, that when it becomes necessary to shed Aluence so completely as he, the despot, who had so to justify the name of the Incorruptible, with which he blood, a single great massacre has a more dreadfuli effect directed its sway. He had not, even though the e was honoured by his partisans. He appears to have pog: than a series of successive exceutions. Robespierre, on must have been in his power, the presence of miodd sessed little talent, saving a deep fund of hypocrisy, con the contrary, preferred the latter process as the best way perse money in considerable sums, which of itself siderable powers of sophistry,
and a cold exaggerated'strain of sustaining the reign of terror. The appetite of Marat not have failed to ensure the support of the revoluti of oratory, as foreign to good taste as the nieasures he re- could not be satiated but by combining both modes of rabble: commended were to ordinary humanity. It seemed won murder. Both Dantos and Robespierre kept aloof from Meantime the Convention continued to maintai derful that even the seething and boiling of the revolu. the sanguinary Marat.
bold and commanding front which they had so sud tionary cauldron should have sent up from the bottom, Among the three monsters mentioned, Danton had that and critically assumed. Upon l-arning the escape and so long supported on the surface, a thing so miserably energy which the Girondists wanted, and was well ac arrested deputies, and hearing of the insurrection void of claims to public distinction; but Robespierre had quainted with the secret movements of those insurrections, Hotel de Ville, they instantly passed a decree outta to impose, on the minds of the vulgar, and he knew how to to which they possessed no key. His vices of wrath, Robespierre and his associates, indicting a similar beguile them, by accommodating his flattery to their pas- luxury, love of spoil, dreadful as they were, are attributes upon the Mayor of Paris, the Procureur, and other i sions and scale of understanding, and by acts of cunning of mortal men; the envy of Robespierre, and the in, bers of the Commune, and charging twelve of their i and' hypocrisy, which weigh more with the multitude than stinctive blood-thirstiness of Marat were the properties of bers, the boldest who could be selected, to proceed the words of eloquence or the arguments of wisdom. The fiends. Danton, like the huge serpent called the Boa, the armed force to the execution of the sentence people listened as to their Cicero, when he twanged out his might be approached with a degree of safety when gorged drums of the national guards now beat to arms in a apostrophes of " Pauvre peuple ! peuple verteux !" and with prey, but the appetite of Marat for blood was like sections under authority of the Convention, whil hastened to execute whatever came recommended by such the horse-leech, which says, not enough : and the slaugh- tocsin continued to summon assistance with its iron honied phrases, though devised by the worst of men, for terous envy of Robespierre was like the gnawing worm, to Robespierre and the civic magistrates. Every the worst and most inhuman of purposes.
that dieth 'not, and yields no interval of repose. In gluto appeared to threaten a violent catastrophe, until i Vanity was Robespierre's ruling passion, and, though sing Danton with spoil, and furnishing the means of in: seen clearly that the public voice, and especially am his countenance was the image of his mind, he was vain dulging his luxury, the Girondists might have purchased the national guards, was declaring itself generally ay even of his personal appearance, and never adopted the ex. his support; but nothing under the supreme rule in the Terrorists. Lernal habits of a sans-culotte. Amongst his fellow Jaco- France would have gratified Robespierre ; and an un- The Hotel de Ville was surrounded by about i bins, he was distinguished by the nicery with which his limited torrent of the blood of that unhappy country hundred men, and cannon turned upon the doors. hair was arranged and powdered; and the neatness of his could alone have satiated Marat. If a colleague was to force of the assailants was weakest in point of nur dress was carefully attended
to, so as to counterbalance, if be chosen out of that most detestable triumvirate, un. but their leaders were men- of spirit, and night cons possible, the vulgarity of his pereon. His apartments, questionably Danton was to be considered as the most their inferiority of force. ihough small, were elegant; and vanity had filled them eligible.
The deputies commissioned for the purpose real with representations of the occupant. Robespierre's pic
DEATH-SCENE OF ROBESPIERRE.
decree of the Assembly to those whom they found a: ture, at length, hung in one place, his miniature in ano. The officers of the Legislative Body were ordered to bled in front of the City-hall, and they shrunk fron ther, his bust occupied a niche, and on the table were dis- lay hands on Robespierre: but such was the terror of his attempt of defending it, some joining the assailapts, posed a few medallions exhibiting his head in profile. name, that they hesitated for some time to obey, and the laying down their arms and dispersing. Meantim The vanity which all this indicated was of the coldest and reluctance of their own immediate satellites afforded the deserted group of Terrorists withio conducted them most selfish character, being such as considers neglect as Convention an indifferent omen of the respect which was like scorpions, which, when surrounded by a circle o insult, and receives homage merely as a tribute ; so that, ' likely to be paid without doors to their decree against this are said to turn their stings on each other and on 1 dres. Mutual and ferocious upbraiding took place frequently happens (generally, perhaps) that the bitch, dead - 00. I have heard so.-J. His soul is lost, I think. mang those miserable men. "Wretch! were these the seeks a situation at some distance from the main earth to -00. Why so ?-J. He was not a disciple of Christ.
mans you promised to furnish ?" said Payan to Henriot, deposit her cubs, yet it is always in a well sheltered siçua- 0o. How do you know that? You could not see his soul ? hom he found intoxicated, and incapable of resolution tion. What are called stub fox'cs, or those without earth, -J. How do you know whether the root of the mango exertion; and seizing on him as he spoke, he preci- frequently deposit their cubs upon the surface of the tree is good ?. You cannot see it ; but you can judge by inted the revolutionary general from a window. Hen- ground ; yet, owing to the fostering care of the mother, the fruit on its branches. Thus I know thač Mr. J. was * survived the fall only to drag himself into a drain, in they are rendered proof against any unfavourable weather. not a disciple of Christ, because his words and actions were hich he was afterwards discovered and brought out to Cricket, pigeon-shooting, boating, and other manly and not such as indicate the disciple.--00. And so all who are ecution. The younger Robespierre threw himself from energetic sports, are now also in their noontide glory'; or, not disciples of Christ are lost !--J. Yes, all, whether window, but had not the good fortune to perish on the in other words, and as our motto has it,
Burmans or foreigners.-00. This is hard.-J. Yes, it is DL It seemed as if even the melancholy fate of the " Alike the month to all its infuence lends,
hard, indeed; otherwise I should not bave come all this side, the last refuge of guilt and despair, was denied
And sportsmen hail it as the best of friends."
way, and left parents and all, to tell you of Christ. (He men who had so long refused every species of mercy
seemed to feel the force of this, and after stopping a little, their fellow creatures. Le Bas alone had calmness Angling. There is, indeed, a choice of sport for anglers he said,] How is it that the disciples of Christ are so for pugh to despatch himself with a pistol-shot. Saint Just, this month, as almost all kinds of fresh-water fish will tunate above all men ?--J. Are not all men sinners, and e imploring his comrades to kill him, attempted bis now feed. Morning and evening, however, are the periods deserving of punishment in a future state ? 100. Yes;
all own life with an irresolute hand, and failed. Couthon to be embraced by the fisherman for the exercise of his must suffer, in some facure state, for the sins they commi.. beneath the table brandishing a knife, with which he skill; as in the hours when the sun is most potent, and The punishment follows the crime, as surely as the wheel peatedly wounded his bosom, without daring to add the atmosphere is unclouded, the piscatory tribe are weary, of a cart follows the footsteps of the ox.-J. Now, accordse enough to reach his heart. Their chief, Robes and being plentifully supplicd with natural flies and
. ing to the Burman system, there is no escape. According rre, is an unsuccessful attempt to shoot himself, had ing insects, reject the neatest artificial bait, or the nicest to the Christian system, there is. Jesus Christ has died inflicted a horrible fracture on his under jaw. allurements of man.
in the place of sinners; has borne their sins; and now this situation they were found like wolves in their
those who believe on him, and become his disciples, are foul with blood-mutilated_despairing—not able to
released from the punishment they deserve. At death Robespierre lay on a table in an anti-room, his head ported by a dea] box, and his hideous countenance half bus's voyages, tells us, that on his landing on the island this one point, namely,
that all existence involves in itself *Peter Martyr, in his very curious account of Colum: 100. That I will never believe. My mind is very stiff on
they are received into heaven, and are happy for ever.Len by a bloody and dirty cloth bound round the shaf- of Jamaica, he immediately caused mast to be said on ac principles
of misery and destruction.-J. Teacher, there chin.
count of the safe landing of himself and his followers, and are two evil futurities, and one good. A miserable future The captives were carried in triumph to the Convention, that during the performance of that sacred mystery, an 1. without admitting them to the bar, ordered them, as old Carib, éigh:y years of age,
attended by several of his existence
is evil, and annihilation or nigban is an evil, a laws, for instant execution... As the fatal cars passed countrymen, observed the
service with great attention. fearful evil; A happy future existence is alone good... bespierre, vere overwhelmed with execrations, from the a basket of fruit in his hand, which be in a very courteous and destruction. Nigban is the only permanent good, she guillotine, those who filled them, but especially After it was over, the old man approached Columbus with :00. I admit that it is best,
if it could be perpetual;
but ods and relatives of victims whom he had sent
on the manner presented
to him, and by means of an interpreter and that good has been attained by Gaudama, the last se melancholy road. The pature of his previous wound, thus addressed him : which the cloth bad never been removed till the
* We have been told that you have in a very powerful deity.-. If there be not an eternal Being, you cannot mtiones tore it off, added to she torture of the sufferer. and surprising manner run over several countries which account for any thing. Whence this world, and all that
horror of the spectators. A mask taken from that inhabitants of them with fear and dismay. Wherefore I be equal to the effect. See, raise this table; see, also spe, and appalled the spectators by its ugliness, and the when they are separated from their
two pas. Pate is a word, that is all. It is not an agent, not a thing. liul head was long exhibited in different nations of exhort and desire you to remember that the souls of men that ant under it: suppose I were invisible, would a wise are of fiendish expression with that of bodily agony.. sages; the one horrid and dark, prepared for those wb. What is fate ?--00. The fate of creatures is the influence ng which time he governed it upon the principles of those who, whilst they were alive, delighted in the peace If there be a determination, there must be a determiner.
person in the French Republic for nearly two years. the other a pleasant and delightful one, and appointed for which their good or bad deeds have on their future existno Caligula.
any one, if you bear in mind that you are mortal, and that Oo. No; there is no determiner. There cannot be an Miscellantes.
every one will be rewarded or punished in a future state eternal. Being..]. Consider this point. It is a main according to his actions in the present one."
point of true wisdom. Whenever there is an execution of Columbus, by the interpreter, answered the old man, a purpose, there must be an agent: -00, ( After a little FIELD SPORTS FOR JULY.
" that what he had told him respecting the passage of the thought), I must say that my mind is very decided and (Prom Annals of Sporting.)
after the death of the body, bad been long known to hard, and unless you tell me something more to the pur
him and his countrymen, and that he was much surprised pose, I shall never believe.-J. Well, teacher, I wish you le has been suggested, that it would gratify a num. those notions prevailed amongst them, who seemed to be to believe, not for my profit, but for yours. 1 daily pray of our readers, if, in addition to the monthly List of living quite in state of nature. That he and his fol- the true God to give you light, that you may believe.
, and Fashions, we were to give the Field Sports discover all those parts of the world that had been hitherto but when you die I know you will believe what I now di month. 'As this is the first month of our eighth unknown, that they might civilize the cannibals and other say. You will then appear before the God you now deny. s, we shall commence the series.-Edit. Kal. wild men that lived in those countries, and inflict proper - 00. I don't know that.-pp. 39–41.
punishment upon them, and that they might defend and
Unwholesome Mcal.- According to a statement in the During this mor.th a great number
of races will take that therefore neither himself nor any other Carib, who Edinburgh Weekly Chronicle, the practice of selling particularly in the north and west of England, so had no intention of hurting them, had the least reason to unsound butchers' meat has of late been carried to a great dhe indispensible absence of the chase, the pro- fear any violence, and that they would avenge any
injury extent in that city; and, on Saturday, week, 'not less than of the turt will be unusually active. We say un. which
should be offered to him or any other worthy per- fifty stones, of the most shocking quality, was seized there Retire, because, generally speaking, the entries are sons of the island, by any of their neighbours.". bu vere ever before known, and because races com- The old man was so pleased with the speech and the fined in the penalty of £5 each. We most heartily join angular and legal manner, for the first time, manner of Columbus, that though he was extremely
the editor in reprobating so villanous a practice ; sty of this month, at the second town in the he offered to follow Columbus, und would have done
so; indeed, we can hardly find an epithet sufficiently strong empire, Liverpool; they commence, too, with had not his wife and children prevented him. The old to express our abhorrence of the unprincipled
dealers in mely azcelled, with an entry never surpassed in the man appeared much surprised to understand how a man carrion,
especially when we reflect on the consequences the greater part of the very best horses of the the control of another person, and became much more at the prevalence of disease among the people, who con.
3 wamed for it, and hence the struggle will be astonished when the interpreter explained to him the siders for one moment how much of their food may: due ordinarily interesting. dent shooter will, this month,
begin to cast of Europe, and the extent of the country, and the great for the purposes of nourishment, but positively injurious look at the grouse mountains, where, as far as an
ness and beauty of the things over which they reigned. to health. Instances have fallen under our own observacan be formed from present appearances, plenty He became pensive, and in a flood of tears asked the tion, where robust young men were brought to a pre. may be confidently anticipated, well grown, and interpreter repeatedly, whether it was the heavens or the mature grave by the use of unwholesome animal food; and s on the ving. It is not easy to form a correct earth which had produced men so superior to themselves yet we have reason to believe, that the flesh of smothered as to the abundance or scarcity of young par. as Columbus and his followers.
and diseased cattle is not unfrequently exposed for sale in soll the sickle is put into the corn; though, as soon
some of the markets in this town. We are certain, at egon is cut, great numbers will show themselves,
BURMESE NOTIONS OF RELIGION.
any rate, that it is customary, in some of the remote breeding time has been propitious.
streets, to go about with old and tainted butchers' meat, lang hares were, this year, seen at an unusually early
which the needy are tempted to purchase, on account of 2: these animals have bred more abundaotly this
(From Judson's Mission)
its cheapness. This practice should be instantly stopped ; then for many years back: judging, indeed, from
and we would further recommend to those who are enhas fallen under our own observation, we have no Had the following conversation with my teacher. This trusted with this business, to keep a watchful eye on such in a saying that hares will be found more numer. man has been with me about three months,
and is the persons as are suspected of trafficking in un wholesome the ensuing season than they have been known in most sensible, learned, and candid man that I have ever provisions of any description ; for, however ungracious
To the present generation. The breeding of found among the Burmans. He is 47 years of age, and their interference may be, they are thereby rendering a 21 buca adected by the weather ; though it very I his name 00 Oungmeng. I began by saying, Mr. J. is service of the greatest value to the community at large.
And while his breast with heaven-born rapture glow'd,
It was Liberty's voice,
Bidding thousands rejoice,
It was Liberty's strain,
Bidding Britons proclaiin
And the hearts of the brave,
While that banner doth wave,
But, whene'er it is hurl'd
From its height, torn and furl'd,
Then awake! 0, awake!
And your stations firm take,
For the free and the brave
Are more blest in the grave Than living at Liberty's death. Liverpool.
Imité de Shakspeare.
THE WARRIOR'S DEATH.
Enfans d'amour, écoutez le réveil,
Allons, enfans d'amour,
Levez vous ; il fait jour. 1, Islington.
SWIMMING AND DRIFTING FROM LIVERPOOL
'Twas chaos all—then first th' Almighty spoke, And chaos trembled as the silence broke; Th’Almighty spoke : “Let there be light,” and light Burst through the realms of an eternal night, Burst through the darkness which o'er chaos hung, And through the void its boundless presence flung; Th’Almighty spoke—the air, the seas, the land, Parted, obedient to his dread command; Its proper bounds retiring ocean knew, Dry land appeared, the zephyrs gently blew ; Rivers and streams in devious courses stray'd, And to the briny deep their tribute paid ; Th'Almighty spoke, and instant on the plain Uprose the woods, the grass, the waving grain ; There, smiling meadows clothed in vernal green,' There, trees in full luxuriance deck'd the scene; In gloomy state the oak its branches fung, While round its trunk the wanton ivy clung ; In middle air the pine its branches spread, Half hid in clouds that gathered round its head; The softer beech its boughs extended wide, The quivering aspen trembled at its side, The spreading vine the ash-tree twin'd around, The weeping willow bending kiss'd the ground; Unnumber'd flowers in rich profusion glow'd, Through all the air ambrosial odours flowed. Next the bright Suo began his course on high, And roll'd his blazing chariot through the sky, Warm'd the new air, and sinking to his rest, Withdrew his brilliant glories to the west; And Night arose with all her beauteous train, Unnumber'd stars attendant on her reign ; There, high in heaven, the Moon's fair rays serene, Shed a mild lustre o'er the awful scene; There meteors shot, there planets glitter'd bright, And blazing comets drew a train of light; Till the fierce Sun appearing in the east, Lent his strong rays and all their glories ceas'd : Then o'er the earth the vital essence spread, Fill'd the pure air, and sought the ocean's bed ; Quick into life astonished myriads sprung, And grateful murmurs through heaven's concave rung; Now dash'd th’unwieldy monsters through the seas; Now sang the feather'd race among the trees ; O'er the vast plains the beasts in wonder strayed, Or sought the cavern or the cooling shade; The insect race display'd their brilliant dyes, Where burnish'd gold with green and crimson vies; Earth, ocean, air, with various creatures teem'd, And nature wrapt in adoration seem'd ; Increase o'er all the land th' Almighty bade, Pronounc'd it good, and bless'd the work he'd made. Was it not perfect ? No:—thus God ordain'd, And one last noblest work as yet remained : • Let us make man :" the Almighty spoke the word, “ Man in our image; man, creation's lord.” Then man stepp'd forth, the last great work of God, Erect in form, in glowing beauty trod, Divine, majestic, high above the rest, With God's own likeness stamp'd upon his breast ; On bis high front was fix'd dominion's throne, And in his eye the light of reason shone : Pleas'd and entranc'd awhile he gaz'd around, Then first his tongue its noblest office found;
The young knight fell while on the foe
His blows were showering fast;
Quite through his frame had past.
As bis page knelt by his side;
He griev'd not that he died.
On the plain of holy strife ;
To honour,-what was life?
While the youth was sobbing loud,
To my father's castle proud.
As noble warrior should,
For his country and his God.
That here I met a grave;
I die 'midst bold and brave.
To my young affianc'd bride,
Her love was still my pride.
For tears my fate would shame;-
I still shall live in fame!”
While sense was fleeting fast,
His gaze was upwards cast.
His spirit pass'd away,
In death's embraces lay!
The recent aquatic exploit of Dr. Bedale has the subject of such general conversation, that apology, we presume, need be offered for our givil place in the Kaleidoscope to the following paragra on the subject, from the Liverpool Courier and I cury. We shall, next week, follow up this art with the account of Lord Byron's great swimo feat in the Mediterranean, to which we have verted in the subjoined remarks; and as aqui gynınasia is the topic of the day, we shall lay he our readers a series of brief, and, we trust, en taining articles on the subject.-Edit. Kal.
Extraordinary Swimming. Our readers will do less recollect the circumstance of Dr. Bedale, of Mand ter, having some time ago announced his intenting swimming from this town to Runcorn, a distance of s eighteen miles, without receiving any aid from the be which might follow him, or resting
in any way whate out of the water. It appears that this offer, on the of the doctor, originated in a wager which he laid Mr. Matthew Vipond, of Manchester, that he w swim with him from Liverpool to Runcorn in one All preliminaries having been settled, the morning Tuesday last was fixed upon; and, as if to afford facility to the adventurers, and grace their daring atted the morning opened out exceedingly auspicious, the shone brilliantly, and every thing seemed to favour bold experiment which was about to be tried by, aquatic adventurers : great excitement prevailed, and merous spectators, in boats, witnessed the arduous novel undertaking About a quarter past eight of in the morning they started from the Queen's D The Doctor, prodigal of his strength, was anxiou give his opponent every advantage by allowing big keep a-head. During iheir progress, at different tid small quantities of brandy and wine were presen in buttles fastened to the end of sticks, from ihe The swimmers were thus enabled to receive their freshments by treading water. When within a short tance of Runcorn, the doctor shot a-head of Vip
0! he swept his bold lyre,
With a bard's holy fire,' And of freedom, sweet freedom he sang ;
It was the noblest song
Echo's voice could prolong,
The smaller parties of Esquimaux, that were subsequently dall and the determined attitude assumed by the par met with, on the sea-coast, behaved in a friendly man- without the necessity of having recourse to violence. Ti
gave no farther trouble, and the party left them with CAPTAIN FRANKLIN'S EXPEDITION.
“On the 9th of July, Captain Franklin was stopped by show at least of friendship. The parties of that nati ice, unbroken from the shore, and from that date up to which were met afterwards, being inferior in number
the 4th of August, he could advance ‘only as the separation the expedition, were very ciyil. They displayed, bo We copy from the Quebec Gozelte, of the 8th of June, took place, and seldom more than a mile or two a day, ever, much courage in opening
an intercourse. which has just reached us, the following interesting ex. In this tedious way he reached the 141st degree of longi. “ After reaching the sea, considerable difficulty tract of a letter, from a gentleman connected with the ex- tude, by which time the ice had given way so as to give a experienced in coasting a shore of a very peculiar natu pedition under Captain Franklin, R. N., dated Great Slave passage to the boats ; but other obstacles of a more serious to lat. 70 deg. 37 min. N. long. 126 deg. 52 min. W. T Lake, 12th Nov., 1826 :
nature now opposed themselves to his progress. The coast coast, thus far, consists of islands of alluvial (or perba
was so low and difficult of approach, from the shallowness in the present language of geologists, of diluvial) orig “The principal object of the expedition was to discover of the water, that a landing on the main shore was effected skirted by sandy banks running far to seaward, and int va pavigable passage, westward from the mouth of the Mac-only once after passing the 139th degree of longitude, sected by creeks of brackish water, and separated in pl kenzie to Behring's Straits, and his Majesty's ship Blossom though it was frequently attempted, by dragging the boats by wide estuaries, pouring out at that season of the was despatched round Cape Horn for the purpose of meet for miles through the mud. On all other occasions he had large bodies of fresh water. These alluvial lands are ing it at Icy Cape or in Kotzebue's Sound. If Captain to land on the naked reefs that skirt the coast, where, undated by the spring floods, and covered with drift tú Franklin's means permitted, he was directed also to send after the departure of ice, the party suffered severely from ber, except a number of insulated mounds of frozen eart a detachment to the eastward, to survey the coast between want of fresh water, and once passed two entire days which rise considerably above the highest water maik, a Mackenzie and Copper mine Rivers, and to return over without that necessary article. Thick fogs and heavy are analogous to the frozen banks or ice-bergs describe land from the mouth of the latter to the establishment on gales of wind prevented the expedition from quitting this as bounding Kotzebue's Sound. Betwixt them and Bear Lake.
inhospitable part of the coast, and it was detained on one main shore there is a very extensive lake of brackis “ From the skill with which Captain Franklin's ar spot for eight days by a fog so dense, that all objects were ter, which perhaps communicates with the eastern bran rangeinents were made, he was enabled to descend the obscured at the distance of a few yards, stormy weather of the Mackenzie, and receives, at least, one other lang Mackenzie and visit the Arctic Sea, last year, within six, prevailing all the time. Notwithstanding, these almost river, months of his departure from England, and to return insurmountable obstacles, the resolation and perseverance “ This party subsequently tracked a rocky and bold again up the river, to our destined winter quarters at Fort of Captain Franklin and his party enabled them to reach shore, rounded Cape Party in lat. 70 deg. 18 min. N. lop Franklin, in Bear Lake, by open water. 'In the mean- nearly the 150th degree of longitude by the 18th of Au- 128. W. Cape Krusenstern in lat. 68 deg. 46 min. N. log time, I had sailed round Bear Lake, anil ascertained the gust." They had then performed more than half the dis- 114 deg: 45 miņ, W. and entered George the Fourth distance between its eastern extremity and the Copper- tance, along the coast, to Icy Cape_had plenty of provi. Coronation Gulph, by the Dolphin and Union Strail mine River. The knowledge of the country gained by sions, boats in good order, and an open sea before them; which brought them nearly to the 113th deg. of west ho these excursions tended much to perfect the plans of and although, from the fatigues they had undergone, the gitude. They then steered for the Copper-mine Ring operation for this year, and the liberal supplies of pro- strength of the crews' was somewhat impaired, yet their and entered it on the 8th of August. visions furnished by the Hudson Bay Company this spring, spirit was unbroken ; but the period had now arrived when * They suffered some detention on this voyage, enabled Captain Franklin to equip both parties. Three it was Captain Franklin's duty, in pursuance of bis in- bad weather, and had, on several occasions, to cut boats were built for the service in England, of mahogany, structions, to consider the probability of his being able to sage through tongues of ice with the hatebet, and to ma wood considered to be well adapted for the purpose. reach Kotzebue's Sound before the severe weather set in ; a way for the boats with much labour and some haza They were necessarily sınall, and of a light construction, and, if he did not expect to attain that object, he was pro- The ice attains a great thickness in that sea, some of that they might be more easily carried over the numerous hibited from hazarding the safety of the party by a longer floes being aground in nine fathoms water, but under · portages which occur on the route from York Factory, continuance on the coast. It would have been the extre powerful radiation of a sun constantly above the horizo Hudson's Bay, to Bear Lake; but, from the care be- mity of rashness to have attempted to get to Kotzebue's in the summer months, it decays with an almost ince stowed in building them, they reached that place without Sound by traversing an unknown coast at that advanced | ble rapidity. As the boats drew only twenty ind material injury, and, eventually, answered even better season, even had he been certain that the Blossom had of water, the party were on several occasions enabled than they were expected to do. "A fourth, of a similar reached that place, but the uncertainty attending all sail through shallow canals, worn on the surface of the size and form, was built at Bear Lake; of fir, and proved voyages in high latitudes made it extremely doubtful floes by the action of the waves, when, from the ice bei as good as the others. The main part of the expedition whether that ydssel was actually at the rendezvous or not. closely packed on the shore, they could find no passa which was to proceed to the westward, under Captain It was, therefore, in conformity with Captain Franklin's betwixt the masses of which it was composed. They ku Franklin's mmediate command, in two of the boats, usual judgment, and the almost paternal anxiety he has fortunately clear weather for these attempts
. Hadith which were named the Lion and Reliance, consisted of always evinced for the safety of those who have had the experienced the fogs which Captain Franklin met with Lieutenant Back, eleven British seamen, marines, and happiness to serve under his command, that he decided the westward, they must of necessity have remained landsmen, two Canadian voyageurs, and an Esquimaux in- upon commencing his return to Bear Lake at that period. shore. Notwithstanding the quantity of ice they terpreter. The eastern detachment, comprising Mr. Ken- " It was a matter of the deepest regret to himself and countered thus early in the season, they were consing dall, assistant surveyor, one seaman, iwo marines, six his whole party that they turned their backs upon an that towards the end of August there is a free passage landsmen, and an Esquimaux, embarked in the Dolphin unsurveyed part of the coast. The only feeling that will a ship along the northern coast of America, from the 100 and Union, and were put under the charge of Dr. Richard-be excited in the minds of others will be surprise that he to the 150th degree of west longitude; and to the en
was able to surmount the obstacles opposed to his pro. ward of the Mackenzie there are some commodia "We left our winter quarters, on the 21st of June, de gress to the extent that he did. The propriety of Capt. harbours, although there are none on the part of the co scended the Mackenzie till the 20 July, and as far as lati. Franklin's determination was evinced by a succession of surveyed by Captain Franklin to the westward. I
38 m. N. long. 103 deg. 53 m. W. At this stormy weather, which speedily set in ; and by intelligence whole difficulty in performing the north-west passage place, river divides into a number of widely divergirig branches their countrymen were collecting in 'numbers about the through the intricate straits which lead from Baffin's separated from each other by low and partially flooded mouth of the Mackenzie ; and that a large part of the Hudson's Bays. The flocd tide was found setlingeren lands. It was determined that the two divisions of the mountain Indians were on the march to intercept him, where along the coast from the eastward. expedition should separate here, and that each party should on account of his having come, as they supposed, to inter- • The rapids, which obstruct the navigation of the
Col follow the channel which accorded best with their respec- fere with the trade of the Esquimaux. Had he been per-mine, prevented them from bringing their boats abd tive routes. Captain Franklin, in the preceding autumn, only a few days later, it is more than probable that he eight
miles from the sea, and they therefore abandon had descended a middle channel, and reached the seat at could not have escaped the numerous enemies without a them there, with the remainder of their stores, tents, Garry's island, in lat. 69 80. deg. N. long. 135 45. W. contest. He arrived with his party in perfect health at a present to the Esquimaux, and set out overland
to He now entered the most westerly arm which winds
round Bear Lake on 21st of September, and despatched an ex. Franklin, carrying (exclusive of -instruments, arms, 1 the base of the rocky mountains, and reached its mouth on press to Government
the following morning, with an ammunition, and a few specimens of plants and mineral the 7th of July. Its outlet is so barred by sand-banks, account of his proceedings. As it was necessary that the merely a blanket, and ten days' provision for each pers that the crews were compelled to drag the boats for miles, express should set out without delay, to enable it to ascend They arrived on the eastern arm of Bear Lake on the 18 even at the top of high water. In this
unpleasant ' situa- the Mackenzie whilst the navigation continued open, of August, and at the Fort on the 1st of September, tion they were visited by a large party of Esquimaus, who Captain Franklin bad merely time to write me a short an absence of seventy.one days, in excellent health at first behaved quietly, and carried on a barter in an ami. account of his proceedings. The preceding sketch is, condition. cable manner, but at length, prompted by the desire of therefore, necessarily very imperfect. I have omitted to “The two branches of the expedition have tous s plunder, and confiding in the superiority of numbers, on mention that the trending of the coast carried the expedi- veyed the coast through upwards of 36 degrees of lon a preconcerted signal, upwards of 250 stout fellows, armed tion into 70% degrees of north latitude.
tude, which, together with Captain Franklin's former with long knives, rushed into the water at once, and seiz. With regard to the eastern detachment of the expedi- coveries and those of Captain Parry, sender the Art ing on the boats, dragged them on shore. The judicious tion, on parting from Captain Franklin, they pursued the Sea pretty well known, as far as the 115th degree of measures pursued by Captain Franklin, however, well se- easternmost channel of the river, which is that by which longitude. There remain only 11 degrees of ankoor conded by the prompt obedience and determined conduct Mackenzie returned from the sea, and is accurately
and coast betwixt that and Icy Cape, and Captain Beechay of Lieutenant Back and the crews of the boats, rescued the ably described by him. They reached
the sea on the 7th of perhaps by this time traced a considerable portion even hands of these freebooters, and the
boats were ultimately having, on that day, fallen in with a horde of Esquimaux, north-west passage, so long an object for wbich Bries got afloat without a shot having been fired, or any per who, whilst the boats were, in a similar situation to Cap. has contended, is now brought within very narrow limi sonal injury received on either
side. The same party came tain Franklin's, aground on the flats at the mouth of the " The expedition returns to England next year by! twice that night and next day with hostile intentions, river, endeavoured to seize upon Mr. Kendall's boat, Hudson's Bay Company's ship, with the exception when the expedition had put ashore to repair the rigging no doubt for the purpose of plundering it
. The attempt, Captain Franklin and Dr. Richardson, who propose to ture of defence in which Captain Franklin drew up his moment, was not
participated in by the whole horde, and Franklin intends to travel the winter on the ice, he hop small force, deterred them from renewing the attack. was instantly frustrated by the cool courage of Mr. Ken-. to reach Montreal towards the end of August, 1827."