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together, or covered up with any material, will in a short appearance of a stranger, formal introductions did not portion of that indulgence which a kind public has recently time become heated, and deprived not only of its gloss and take place, yet any person would be inclined to dispense evinced towards the compilation of our brother in Scotland. colour, but also of its flavour. In the way recommended with

" with such a proceeding, lest it might tend to disturb the As yet we have only spoken of the origin of the coiffeur's abore, I have kept all the codlins and softer kinds of baking apples good to the end of June, and the pippins, as apparent gravity and attention which seemed to reign over | art, of the changes which it has undergone, and the influence well as various sorts of dessert apples, to the end of October, all; and if ever the genius of solemn silence held her throne of its different branches upon the minds of princes and naCith their colour as fresh as when they were first gathered, on this span of earth, here it might with truth be said to / tions. We are now about to examine the characteristic traits and their flavour not in the least deteriorated. I have

exist. I waved that modus operandi, and sedately sat down of the morality of artists in hair, and to signalize the lefty forund, by repeated experiments, that apples covered up any time are apt to contract a flavour of whatever materials to my favourite game with my friend, who, though not a actions which have given to their political opinions a stamp they have been covered with. If laid, for example, in first-rate player, was a passionate admirer of that scientific of Immortality, brown paper, they will taste oftar. I have tried apples by amusement. We soon resolved into the same quiet calm We have already, by anticipation, fixed the political existwrapping them up in white paper, and, although they keep as those around us enjoyed; not a breath of noise was

ence of barbers under the reign of Louis XIV.; but it must be Dearly as long in this way, they are always apt to shrivel up, I heard, save the movement of a piece, the spirit-stirring

remarked, that, long before that epoch, they had associated This renders them unsightly. Apples, when pitted like poLates, will retain their colour for a long time; but this me

their name with that of the officers of the Household, who, monosyllable “check,” or the more awful compound

under Clovis II., the first King surnamed the Idler, possessed hid deteriorates the flavour more than any other; as they “checkmate," when one friend, victor, as it were, exults tomne quite insipid after being some months under over the conquest of another. The treatise of Philidor

themselves of the supreme authority, and, finally, took the sound. 'I have experienced also that the fruit of full (from whom, by the bye, the society then met in “solemn

title of King, after Childeric, the Idiot. It may be seen from Town trees preserve better, or keep rather longer, than | divan" bave borrowed their nom de guerre, Philodorean

this, that the peruque-barberg were not partisans of the hose of young trees.-Gibb. Society) with several other excellent scientific works on

kings of the first race; their animosity against whom was that noble game, lay scattered on the table, for reference,

dated from Clovis, surnamed the Hairy, the second King of NO I. or otherwise, as also your interesting miscellany, the Ka.

France, who was seized with such an extreme passion for

long natural tresses, that he made a law respecting long hair. HORÆ HIBERNICÆ.

leidoscope, which they regularly receive and preserve.
During my sojourn on this “ weary pilgrimage," I

by which princes and noblemen were to be distinguished. In Dever saw any scene which deserved to be accounted one

recompense for the particular services which the coiffeurs "Gather

had rendered to these officers of the Court, Charlemagne, in of the “ few sunny spots" that “ 'mid the gay wilderness As much, as from occasions you may glean. --Shakspeare. smiles" more than the one I then witnessed ; nor could I

order to better their condition by rendering their profession

more indispensible, wore his hair very short; his courtiers Although tale-bearing travellers, who, for the sake of avoid abstracting my attention from the game I was play.

and his successors imitated his example, down to Louis VIII., wishing themselves with materials for book-making in ing, to admire the studious, anxious, and watchful looks

without, however, making any attack upon the beard. The age of folios and quartos, or with gossip for a season, of every person employed ; their various physiognomies

latter King having come to England, in order to carry a cer. pht bave chanced to pay a flying visit to the land of depicted different emotions; the half-repressed smile of

tain point, caught a severe cold there, after which, for the Adies and potatoes, and in the fulness of their fancy re- him who happened to make a successful move, or on whom

sake of his health, he suffered his hair to grow to the natural sented us as the most idle, good for nothing pack of victory had dawned from the commencement of his fight; )

"; length, a fashion which continued to exist, to the great regret ages that could well exist on any habitable globe, and the anxious solicitude another face displayed, when in ex

of the coiffeurs, down to the time of the French Revolution, the sight of a rale boy, from the wilds and fastnesses pectation of his adversary overlooking a move which would

| when it was subjected to the general reformation. Connemara, crossing the bring wave to seek for the price crown him with conquest, and ad tristem partem strenua

Let us return to the reign of Louis the XIV., where we left The boneen, and the rent against Lady Day, pictured est suspicio only look at the losing player.

the perruquiers in such high estimation, that their order obo themselves the condition of our entire population, abid. At eleven, p. m. all ceased playing but one party, who

tained, by letters patent, the right of wearing the sword: this by the sweeping recommendation ex uno, disce omnes ; had advanced far into an interesting game, but, according

privilege passed, along with the Bourbons, into the kingdoms thanks to the present facilities of conveyance arising to ordinance, were obliged to take notes of the positions

of Naples and Spain, where, at the present time, the fashion: in the application of the giant power, steam, to master until their next meeting. The necessary introductions,

able barber still carries a long rapier. The custom of appear. i foaming surges and wild winds, these visions recede hitherto dispensed with, now took place, and we all sat

ing at Court, and of frequenting the company of the great, pidly from public view, and we daily rise in the estima down to recreate after our bloodless strife.

insensibly gave to the peruquiers ease of manners and refine, I of car more fortunate felles conntrymen. since ther! “The mantung bowl, Alled with that philtre,' which is

Formed with such power

ment of language, so much so, that the great King did not disI tre begun to open their eyes to the truth, that we (hitherto

To charm and bewilder"

dain to make use of his coiffeurs in bearing billets-dous to his wild Irish") are possessed of certain useful cranial del Peeple

- Freely circulated amongst us ; song and glee, anecdote and I mistresses Discretion being the principal merit of the mes. apments, deserve a rank in the creation above the

Ljoke, enlivened the happy convivials; and, with a bumper / sengers of Cupid, and the barbers of Louis being, as we have es, and to be classed as the to our next merry meeting, we parted when the “ iron

shown, more discreet than those of Midas, all the great Lords "Sanetlus bis animal, mentisque capactus alta." tongue of midnight told twelve." Never ** since summer

(servile imitators of their master) selected their peruque, Dot no & learned Th

to the in

barbers as the confidants of their illicit amours, in which, fols fr by entering into an historical detail of our many of leaden-winged Time.

lowing the example of the King, they were engaged. The Ifaatios, or how many of my countrymen shone in Dublin, Oct. 13, 1827.

I. G. R.

easy access which their profession gave to the coiffeurs, even le or boxer, brains or blundering, but to say that

into the sanctum sanctorum of the ladies, soon acquired for and anon," as the maggot bites, you shall have a

them superiority in their new ministry; and, possessing the

Tales, Romances, &c. ire" regarding us on this side the channel, respecting

secrets of amorous intrigues, it was not long before they ings as they are," leaving our friends who have gone to THE RISE, GREATNESS, AND DECLINE OF ARTISTS

were initiated into the more important secrets of the intrigues That undiscovered country from whose bourne

of the Court, of the cabals, state manoeuvres, and Cour

IN HAIR; to traveller retums,"

policy; and, as it commonly happens, that the master is



compelled to overlook the impertinences of a valot, whom Night, allent, cool, transparent crowned the day,

he has made the depository of bis hidden thoughts, all The sky receded further into space,


the great Lords endured, without daring to complain, the Die stars came lower down to meet the eye,"

not unfrequently insolent familiarity of the coiffeurs ;

(Continued from our last.) an old friend accosted me, in one of our finest

and the latter, emboldened by this impunity, in embroithe aspetomed warm Irish (which is synonymous Let not the friendly reader think that we have the pre-dered dresses, assumed airs of state, and played off all the airs

sumption to draw a complete sketch of the history of artists, which distinguish the man of fashion from the obscure plea heartfell) salute was over, and he asked me to accom


hair. We have pointed out some of the marks which may belan. The perfumed little abbés, who were then geen every tása, as I could well anticipate the pleasure I should serve to lead him to their origin; we have described the per

we have described the per where but in the church, gave the finishing touches to our in the company of a man of scientific pursuits, which fection to which this art has been brought in modern times; I artists, by teaching them to envelop themselves in the cloak

my friend to be. We entered the coffee-house. J and we have Axed the principal theatre of it in France ; but so I of devotion, under which Louis the Great contrived to conceal I was introduced into a drawing-room, brilliantly illu. Hoon as the subject brought us to the 17th century, we felt our his royal peccadilloes with so much address. It was thus anted by a gas chandelier, suspended from the centre inability to achieve this important task; thecompletion of the that, step by step, the colffeurs of the time attained all the

miline_judge my surprise when I saw ten or a picture of our hero's celebrity requires from us Illustrationsquallties which distinguished the most expert and brazenDes degant chess. boards and men, regularly laid out which are beyond our reach, and we are appalled by the im-faced courtiers. Reparate tables, and six or more of them occupied by

cennied boportance of our enterprise. Let us be pardoned, then, if there. The vulgar amongst the coiffeurs residing at a distance

Jo intent on their respective are considerable gaps in our history; all our omissions are in- from the Court and the great, divided amongst them financial, dies who seemed evidendy intent on their respective foes, and although it would be unusual, that, on the

voluntary, and our errors unintentional; and if, notwith-magisterial, and clerical heads; and, in their inferior capacity,

standing our imperfections, we have not hesitated to publish mimicked the game whih cthey saw played by their superiors, • A little pig.

the fruits of our painful labours, we have calculated upon a and made themselves amends for their mediocrity by engrossa


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ing the right of spreading about scandalous reports, and being in belonging. In fact, how can it be imagined that a body so No. 2. GREAT CROSSHALL STREET the first to proclaim to their neighbourhood the tittle-tattle respectable, a body rendered illustrious by its intimate con- Master ROBERT DAVIES, HARPER, (from Will of the day. nexion with the great, could renounce with indifference a Rooms, London,) respectfully informs the Nobility and Ge

try of Liverpool and its vicinity, that he attends ou The Papal mummeries having attained their highest eleva- rank which distinguished it, to descend to the plebeian | DŘILLE DANCING and TEA PARTIES, with PEDA tion, the image-mongers had likewise recourse to the art of level of a people so blinded as to pretend to the rights of

HARP or PIANO-FORTE, on the shortest notice. the coiffeurs, to dress out the heads of the saints and cherubs equality? To these motives was soon joined the fear of seeing in their churches, so as to accord with the burlesque accoutre- their art fall into disuse, under the empire of the Roman fa

The Beauties of Chess. ments with which all those mystical personages were decked.shions, which were then sported in the land, whilst the French

Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA. “Here, 'twas their part to make an angel please, coiffeurs were losing theirs. Already the firmest bulwarks of There, give a grisly beard to some pure saint, the peruque had bravely followed the nobllity to the camp of

SOLUTION TO STUDY CLV. Archangel's wig, to powder well, and grease, the enemies of France, in order to sustain the dignity of their

White to win with the pawn. • Or holy pate, with black or red to paint.

WHITE. order by continuing to curl viscounts and marquises, expect

BLACK The invention of pigtails, and alles de plgcon, belng much

1 Queen ......-6 . 1 Pawn........A-5 ing that portion of the spoil which the Duke of Brunswick more suitable to the military profession than perukes and

2 Castle ......D-77 2 King .........Elong curled hair, this innovation found its principal supporters

had promised them on their entrance into Paris. Intimately 3 Queen ......E-6% 8 King .........F-8

connected with the fortune of the great, whose discomfiture 4 Castle ......-74 in the army, and every regiment had immediately its coiffeur presaged that of the perruquiers, the greater number of the

5 Castle ......F-3% for the staff, and a barber for each company. In order to give

5 King ........Hlatter, united into royalist clubs in Paris, served as hid

6 Queen ......F-7% 6 King .........dignity to this occupation, the military barbers dubbed them.

7 Castle ......H-3% 7 King ... selves at the same time professors of fencing, and, as distin. den auxiliaries to the emigrant heroes in concert with the

8 Castle ......H-54 B King .........6 gulshivg marks, carried across their backs a powder-bag, a

barber-coitteurs, who, in the common danger, bad forgotten 9 Pawn ......H—3% MATE. comb, and a tuft of hair, supended between two masks and the ancient divisions between their two orders, and Barbæ

To compel the black to win. two foils, and a sword at their side. It is reported, on this

this tenw sapiente laboured with unexampled ardour to fabricate 1 Bishop ......A-1 I Pawn ......Amoustachlog and false whiskers for the emigrants, and the

2 Knight ......C-2 2 Pawn ......A-5 subject, ibat, at the battle of Rocroy, the colonel of the French

8 Castle spies of the good cause, who had introduced themselves into

......C-L guards, seeing his first company suddenly en veloped in a white

3 Pawn ......A4 Pawn ...... H 3

4 Pawn ......Acloud, thought, at a distance, that it was caused by the explo France to sow there the elements of a counter-revolution,

5 Castle ......B-8X

6 King ........ Matters were come to this pass, when, suddenly, ou the mosion of an ammunition waggon, whilst it was nothing but a

6 Castle ......C--874 6 King.... tion of a clubist of the section Popincourt at Paris, it was powder-bag, blown to pieces by one of the enemy's bullets.

7 Queen ......D-790 7 King........ declded that every good patriot ought to renounce the queue, 8 Castle ......C-6% We have said, elsewhere, that the German barbers had quite

still in great vogue, and be shaved à la Titus. This decree, 9 Queen ......D-5% 9 King. outdone the French in the dimensions of their pigtails, and instead of exasperating the corps of barbers more, discouraged

10 Castle ......C-4% 10 King........-that, at first, this fashion was propagated in Prussla, under

11 Queen ......

11 Pawn ....Athem irretrievably. In vain some vigorous minds sought to the special protection of its philosophical king. Austria,

re-animate the courage of the body; the fatal blow had been Jealous of the progressive march of this newly made kingdom,

STUDY CLVI. struck; it bad just destroyed the only means which still held White to win in nine moves, to check on the eid kaw with displeasure its continual tendency to aggrandize

them in communication with the people, whose projects they move with one pawn, and then checkmate with the on itself, and took umbrage, moreover, at the length of the pig. tails worn by the Prussian army, Prince Metternich then

learned whlle dressing the queue; their last resource had and not to take the black pawn.

been torn up by the roots, and this disaster, by isolating them declared bimself in favour of long queues, in order that his in society, rendered them thenceforth unserviceable to the

* Black. country might not be eclipsed on this point by her ambitious

privileged orders, their brethren and friends. neighbour; and his advice prevalled in the Aulic council, after

(To be continued)

3 a 15 he had explained the advantages which the Austrian Infantry might derive from them, when, being put to flight, it would

THE FINE ARTS. otherwise be sabred in the neck by the enemy's cavalry. The event sbowed what depth there was in the political calcula

TO THE EDITOR this provident minister, for Napoleon never attacked SIR, I am exceedingly gratified to observe the very the Austrians but the field of battle was strewed with thou. | rapid advancement the fine arts are making in this town.

| The dulness and distaste of its inhabitants have become sands of pigtails, as many necks being spared as there were

almost proverbial; but at present there seems to be a spi. severed pigtails.

rit of improvement at work; they have at length discovered It will not be improper, perhapo, to say a word bere of those that a taste for the arts and sciences is not incompatible artificial tails which were soon got up in Germany, in order to with mercantile affairs; they no longer allow business to remedy, by a proper uniformity, that defect of length in the

engross the whole of their attention, for rational relaxation

from their labours is now almost generally adopted. Take, halr which often distigured a company of soldiers. It is re

as a proof of this, the many improvements recently made ported that the Duke of Hesse had so many false queues in his in the public buildings; their intended Botanic Garden ; horse guards, that every Sunday, after the parade, the coiffeur their Mechanics' Institution; their lectures on all branches of the regiment came with a wheelbarrow to carry sway the of the arts and sciences; and, lastly, their Royal Institu. plotalls which strewed the place d'armes. At the unfortunate ltion-the pictorial exhibitions of which, considering the

infancy of the Institution, evince a display of talent truly Louls the sixteenth's recession to the throne, when the fire of astonishing, particularly local talent. There have been,

B C D E F G the revolution already secretly devoured the foundations of

oundations of as yet, only two exhibitions; amongst the list of exhibitors the monarchy, and when the different classes of the tiersétat of the first were the names of Northcote, Calcott, Pickers.

WHITE. were all in favour of a general reform, the barber-coiffeurs gill, Ward, Cooper, Lonsdale, Linton, Pether, Fradelle, remained imuoveable in the midst of the political convulsions and Nasmyth; and the present one has amongst its list

of exhibitors the names of R. Westall, w. Westall, which foretold the approach of a great overthrow, as a pile of|| Dewint, Craig, Copley, Fielding, Gastineau, Glover,

HUGH CLABEL, POETRY. We have in reserve, for ness rocks may be seen unshaken in the midst of the foaming bil

two more pleces by this author.

s. Anot lows which roar around them. stance, also, that marks the improvement of the taste of


pect, in the next Kaleidoscope, to present our read After baying seen the august protection which the great the inhabitants, is the publication of engravings from

complete talo from this forthcoming novel Louis accorded to the perruquiers, it is certainly not astonish- portraits of distinguished med of this town, painted

PUNISHMEN? OF CRIMINALS-In an early aumber Fe ing that the grandchildren of the latter sbould have esteemed by native artists. Very recently I adverted to a portrait

brief digest of Mr. Roscoe's valuable work on the about to be published by D. Bolongaro, of the accomthemselves bound to the interests of the Bourbons by a senti. I plished John Hull. M.D.'&c. &c. painted by the late D.

CHES. - The best answer we can give to An Angka ment of gratitude, supposing even that the perruque, the pig. H. Parry. I now wish to call the attention of my readers

refer him to our chess table, by which he will percel

we have resumed the chess department. tail, and the false front, had been able to resist the shock to one of the very worthy Dr. Smith, master of the Free which soon staggered all the powdered heads of our ancient Grammar School, painted by our talented townsman, T.

piece of Mr. Thomas Hood for insertion in the Kald H. Jllidge; wbich it is the intention of Messrs. P. and D. monarchy.

1s informed that we have read it, and think It svet Jackson to publish, provided they can obtain a sufficient Already the guilty excesses of a people infatuated by the number of subscribers to indemnify them from loss.

| composition Indeed. It is one of the worst speelma The

very bad school vapours of liberty, dared to suggest the idea of a republic, painting is considered to be the chef d'æuvre of Illidge ; |

SPECIMENS OF THE ELDER POSTS. We sball, in our na already the contagion of a seditious equality had so far cor. the likeness is remarkably striking; the philanthropic

tinue the interesting collection with which we 23 rupted the artisan and the labourer as to threaten France expression of the eye, and the countenance characteristic

favoured by our correspondent Perctral Melbourne with a uniform code of laws for all her inhabitants, when the of benevolence, is peculiarly portrayed. I cannot concludel

We have further to acknowledge the communication without sincerely wishing that so praiseworthy an under. Sophia-W.W.M.-.-A Clown.-M. H. Lipo perruquiers, faithful to the sacred despotism which enchained

taking will ineet with a corresponding degree of encou. the tiers-état, still combatted, like desperate men, within the


|Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by R.39 privileged ranks to which, by more than one title, they gloried' Manchester, Oct. 16, 1827,

W, R-N.

and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Marsball-strecha

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bis familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, MEN and MAKSAS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, PORTRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTS and SCIENCES, WIT and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming

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No. 383. – Vol. VII.


Price 30.

The Philanthropist. his soul, and left him writhing under an anguish “ That your destiny is fixed,” answered the cler

which he dared not manifest, and could not revenge. gyman; “that you have but a few hours to live; (ORIGINAL]

Lord Vernon returned on the morning of the ex- that, therefore, the question of the criminality or the ecution.

innocence of society little concerns you ; that if, un. CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE AND CAPITAL

. . . . . . . . fortunately, it have erred, you ought not to indulge PUNISHMENT.

From the moment of his condemnation Selwyn hatred against it ; that if it have condemned you

appeared in a new light. Previously to this period justly, you ou;ht to repent of your most horrid crime: FRAGMENT

he was, indeed, sufficiently sensible of the injustice in a word, that you are dying, and that your only OF A STORY OF THB SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. of man to man, and the conviction filled him with concern ought to be to die in charity with man, and

profound melancholy: but from that hour savage peace with God." (Concluded from our last.)

sternness took possession of his soul. Soon after “I will endeavour to do so," replied Selwyn,

bis return to prison from his trial, the Chaplain en "and, as the best proof I can give of my sincerity, The balance of the evidence, in the opinion of the tered his cell. As soon as he understood who he was, I will devote a few of the moments which remain to idge, was against Selwyn. He dwelt particularly he looked on him earnestly, for some minutes, in me to a last effort to benefit that society which I the circumstance of the pistol, which he pro-silence.

have tremendous reason to curse. At present I feel sunced to be most extraordinary and mysterious : “So,” said he to him, at last, “ you are one of the capable of the effort : in another hour I may not be

spoke in glowing terms of the benevolence of ministers of the Christian religion. You are taught so. Leave me: do not come to me again. I harand Vernon, but cautioned the jury against suffer- by that religion to love your fellow-men as you love bour no resentment against you; but I wish to have

his eloquence to bias their judgment, and divert yourself. The principle which distinguishes this no farther communication with persons who call seir attention from facts. He said, that' as Lord religion from every other is the command it enjoins themselves Christians. I can perceive in you a feelFeroon was positive of nothing, as he neither saw to act towards others as you would they should act ing of the horrible injustice with which I, and he faces of the assassins, nor distinguished them by towards you. What, Sir, are your emotions on the thousands of my fellow-creatures, are treated. I bave ay other circumstance, they could attach to his present oocasion? I pity you if you feel as you heard of some wretched men, who, the moment bepinion on this subject no greater weight than they ought. I pity you still more if you do not. You fore their immolation to this Moloch, Law, have xoald to the conjecture of an ordinary individual : come here to sanction laws which are opposed in talked of their conviction, of the justice of the senThat it behored them to weigh in their minds the their very principle to the essence of the religion you tence which cuts them off violently from life, in the direct circumstantial evidence before them; to decide inculcate ; which are a disgrace to human nature ; midst of health, with all their faculties in full vigour, toun that, and to give their verdict accordingly. and which nothing among the most horrid savages because they took from their neighbours, by strata

Hor seldom does the opinion of a jury differ from can exceed in iniquity. I have been convicted of gem or force, one shilling, or less than one shilling! Tot of the Judge! Whether in this case it ought to murder; therefore I am to be murdered. On this There cannot be exhibited beneath the sun a more are differed, God only knows. What alone is cer-principle, onght not the society which murders to be degrading spectacle! Either the understanding of in is, that it did not differ. They pronounced the visited with the same fate? If He who governs 80- these men was originally so low as to incapacitate mer-GUILTY!

ciety governed it as it governs itself, would he not them for perceiving the relations of things, and their That terrible word struck dismay into every heart. hang every member in it?

| violation of the institutions of society ought, therehe inditots did not, perhaps, condemn the decision; “What avails it to plead the motive with which fore, to have placed them in some asylum for the it the moment the sentence was pronounced a deep I am put to death? Whatever motive I might have insane ; or suffering and injustice must have de-' ran, which seemed to come involuntarily from every had in committing the murder of which I have been stroyed the faculties of those minds which nature art, filled the court Lord Vernon, as soon as he convicted, whether the best or the worst, society made clear and strong. And you would reduce me und the awful verdict, rushed from the place would still have murdered me. I demand again, if to such a condition. You would bring me, by false He locked himself up in his closet two hours. He this be an equitable principle? Ought not the com- terrors and false hopes; by religion prostituted; by be from it completely altered. There was scarcely munity which acts apon it to be exterminated the name of the Deity insulted; by humanity out. restige to be seen of the former man. It may seem “But the motive, it seems, is to benefit society by raged, to acknowledge that folly the most palpable,

meaning to say, and yet it is true, that his coun.example. So, in order to profit its members by ex-' is wisdom; and cruelty the most horrible, benevolence, epande was completely expressive of insanity, while ample, society exhibits itself perpetrating the very No, No. I will not disguise my feelings. The sight at there was something in it which showed that the same crime for which it punishes the criminal. Do of such as you irritates and disturbs me. It makes eht of reason was not extinguished. He ordered you talk to me of the salutary terrors of this mode me a sceptic in things most sacred, and in an hour wurses to his carriage, and set off for London. of punishment? Who, then, is ignorant that terror, most solemn. It makes me tremble lest I should

He went directly to the King. He detailed to by becoming frequent, is no longer affecting, and settle in the belief, that religion itself is nothing but bin the circumstances of the case: he described the that death itself ceases to shock, becanse it is com- base hypocrisy, and that the very beauty, and mag

eneral disposition and habits of the condemned man, mon? Are not you ashamed, Sir, to come to me, in nificence, and goodness, which pervade the creation, Und implored him to extend pardon to this miserable this awful hour, to sanction such absurdities and proclaim to me that there is a God, only to delude Sietim of the law. Unfortunately, there was not a enormities? and do not you blush to name the pre- me. Yes, you bring with you confusion and despair, ann in the kingdom whom the King wished so little cepts of your divine Master, at the very moment that instead of light and consolation. It is not every one

oblige; whom he feared and hated so much: nay, you yourself are trampling so horribly on his essen- in my situation who will say this to you ; but, Derceiring Lord Vernon's intense earnestness, he tial laws? This, as a convicted criminal, I say to be assured, it is the genuine feeling of every book this opportunity to avenge himself of the love you ; but when I address you in my true and genuine heart, whensoever the violence of emotion does not of liberty which glowed in the generous patriot's character, AS AN INNOCENT and OPPRESSED MAN, render it incapable of attending to the suggestions fareast: Lord Vernon made him feel the baseness of what will you reply to me?”

I of reason.

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“ You will perceive, therefore, that I can well dis- observe this my last request, I do not think you before his father's apprehension, the boy happens pense with your attendance on me. Give me leave will withhold your promise.”

to go into the chamber in which the trunk was kept to suggest to you a better employment. Go: shut Tbe clergyman assured him that he would com. He saw some keys lying on a table. He had offer yourself up in your closet. Meditate there on the ply with his desire. He then bade him adieu, with seen his father go to the trunk, and fasten it with, condition to which the laws you countenance have great feeling, and retired. The executioner having good deal of caution. He felt some curiosity reduced me. Think of the genuine feelings they performed every thing which his office required, re- know what it contained. With one of the kereta excite in my heart, and which you may be sure they tired also; and then, just God, what a spectacle! contrived to unlock the trunk, and being struck wil produce in every man who is capable of reflection. What is man! What, his wisdom! What, his be- a childish admiration of the pistols, took one Throw off the prejudices to which you are a slave. nevolence! Sometimes, 0 how blasphemously, he is them out of the case, locked the trunk, placed the Saffer yourself to see things as they are, as this aw- called thy noblest work!

keys exactly where he found them, and went int ful example must, for once, at least, make you see The following is a copy of that paper. It was the garden to examine the pistol more attentively. them, in spite of yourself. Go, Sir, do this; and the published in every journal of those days.

While there, he saw his father approach, and fearin next time you address the people you call Christians, The Declaration, confirmed with his last breath, at the his displeasure, threw the pistol into a brook, bi acquaint them with the result of your reflections." place of execution, of George Selwyn, who was cxecuted the side of which he was standing, and dared tid

I for the murder of the Hon. Charles Grenville.
As he thus spoke, he turned from the clergyman, ** I, George Selwyn, declare, before God and men, that

afterwards mention the subject. and covered his face with his hands. He pressed his I am innocent of the crime for which I am about to be Thus was this fatal mystery explained. The forehead forcibly, as if to enable him to sustain emo-pu

him to sustain emo. put to death. I protest against the sentence which has truth of the boy's statement was confirmed by a tions which suddenly rushed upon him, and which I have endeavoured to escape, but I am surrounded by a

condemned me, and the power which takes away my life. I discovery of the pistol in the place which he die seemed ready to burst the feeble walls that inclose power which crushes me, and against which it is vain to cribed. On inquiry, it was proved that Selwyn bad the mysterious seat of human intelligence. “Oh! struggle. I execrate the principle which deprives me of been at the trunk but an hour before the boy, and my wife," he cried—“My children!--my poor chil.

that existence which the common Maker of us all alone no doubt, observing the pistols were there at the

can give, and which he alone has a right to take away. dren! O God, support me! In mercy prolong my Had I a voice which could fill the earth, I would exclaim

d'exclaim time, and having had the key in his possession t

me, and war reason to the last; or strike me at once to the dust!" against it till it was stopped in death, as I do now with the officer apprehended him, he did not even examin He naced his cell with a hurried step. He wrung call upon my fellow-countrymen; I call upon every man nicion of the possibility of collusion.

that which extends not beyond the walls of my cell. I the trunk ; undoubtedly, that he might prevents his hands. He stood still. He folded his arms, of feeling and reflection, who shall hear of my melancholy P

no better . .

. . . fixing his eyes vacantly on the earth. Again he story, seriously to consider whether there be no better

. moved onward, as quickly as his heavy chains would

method of punishing offences than that of committing, in

every case of murder, the very same crime as the delin. permit him. He sat down. But let us draw & veil quent himself, and in every other case infinitely greater

The Bouquet. over the picture. Who can contemplate it without crimes. Before he gives his sanction to one more legal murder, I implore him to consider whether all punishment

1" I have here only made a posegay of culled towers, and be sickness of heart?

ought not to be corrective : whether, when a crime is brought nothing of my own but the thread that tter tek At the place or execution an extraordinary cir- committed, society ought not to endeavour to lessen the cumstance occurred. Selwyn had remained in J evil as much as possible, and not increase it by raising it! CHRONICLES OF THE CANONGATE. flexible in his determination to hold no farther com| into the greatest that can happen, namely, the extermiña.

BY THE AUTHOR OF WAVERLEY, &c. tion of a human being: and whether it be not possible to munication with any man whatever. It was the duty make the very crimes of its members useful to the state. of the clergyman, however, to attend him to the If I could believe that my awful fate will be the means of

The editor of the London Weekly Review has by scene of death ; but Selwyn would permit him to lif I could persuade myself that the tremendous injustice lowing story from Şir Walter Scott's new wa

awakening the attention of reflecting minds to the subject; some means put the public in possession of the for perform no ceremony of any kind, and excused him to which I fall a victim will be the occasion of gradually, Ith self from holding any discourse with hin.

though ever so slowly, preventing its recurrence, I should

quoui the Chronicles of the Canongate before the work itsch Before the executioner bad completed his awful in vain. But why should I hope it? Hundreds have in vigorous delineation of character to any of

die without a murmur-I should feel that I have not lived is regularly published. It is, in our opinion, eque preparations, Selwyn directed him to desire the been in my situation It is known, it has been proved by

former productions of this highly-gifted author clergyman to come to him.

indubitable evidence, that men have been murdered in

cold blood for criines of which they were innocent as the although we think the catastrophe might bare heel The clergyman obeyed the summons. Selwyn re- Deity himself: yet things have gone on just the same: effected without resorting to the exploded mamme quested that he would remove the fold of his waist- and when my name shall have been numbered with these of second sight so coat, and take from his bosom a paper which he melancholy monuments of human weakness and wicked. 7° second sigat. So great is the public curio would find there.

ness, the same tragedies will be repeated. Reader, whoever get a sight of this new work, that we have issor

thou art, believest thou that there is a God; that he observes this number of the Kaleidoscope some days before The clergyman having done so, Selwyn fixed his what is done in his large family, and that he will decide on regular publishing day in

on regular publishing day, in order that we might

the deeds and destinies of his children ? Pause, then, and eyes earnestly on him, and in a most solemn manner

reflect on the judgment which our common Father will be forestalled by too many of our cotemporaries said,

pass between me and thee; for thou art part of the society Edit. Kal. “I am a dying man. I firmly believe there is a which deprives me of the boon he gave, and unles

THE TWO DROVERS. *I liftest up thy voice against its injustice, thou participatest God. I firmıly believe that he observes the actions of its cuil. This is the last effort I can make for thy of men, and will punish or reward them in a future good. I have now done with all earthly things My

It was the day after the Doune Fair when my story coa

I can calculate the moment when my ex. mences. It had been a brisk market, several dealer state, as they have done good or evil. It is possible. I race is run. that in the short space of ten minutes I may be be

istence, at least in its present mode, will end. What attended from the northern and midland counties - scenes are before me! What will be my future destiny !

England, and the English money had flown so meer fore his bar. Feeling, as I do, the purity of his What sensations, what employments, what woes, what jous about as to gladden the hearts of the Highland nature, and knowing, as I know, the purity he re-await me! It is at moments when these thoughts fill the Many large droves were about to set off for England

and these moments must come to every man hat der the protection of their owners, or of the topsmen was quires, judge whether at this moment I can be som one wishes to have spent one's whole life in acts of charity, 1!

they had employed in the tedious, laborious, and respons capable of uttering conscious falsehoods. That mercy, and piety."

sible office of driving the cattle for many hundred nu paper contains the deliberate, the weighed, the

from the market where they had been purchased, 10 ]

tields or farm.yards where they were to be fattened for solemn declarations of my soul at the moment when In less than a month after the grave received the shambles. it feels itself, I had almost said, in the immediate remains of the unhanny Selwyn. it was re-open

te remains of the unhappy Selwyn, it was re-opened to ! The Highlanders in particular are masters of tal presence of its Maker--certainly when it feels that a admit those of his wife and of his youngest child.

cult trade of driving, which seems to suit them as well

the trade of war. It affords exercise for all their single instant only separates it from the Judge who The death of his child was extraordinary. He patient endurance and active exertion. They are requ will decide its eternal destiny. , I charge you in the was a boy of uncommon acuteness and sensibility. to know perfectly the drove-roads, which lie over name of that God, whom you profess to revere, and He loved his father with an affection beyond his lucts of the wounty:

{tracts of the country, and to avoid as much as possible

bullocks, anu ti whose servant you profess to be, that you publish it years. Some days after his father's execution, he turnpikes, which annoy the spirit of the drover : " to the world just as it is. I have no reason to ques- | heard a conversation, from which he learnt that the the broad green or gray track, which leads ac tion your integrity, nor to believe that you are desti-Ichief circumstance which condemned his father was less moor, 1 tute of feeling. When, therefore, I tell you that I the mystery connected with the pistol. It then re- mouthful of food by the way. At night the drop

ation, but, if they mind their business, may pick cannot die in peace unless you promise faithfully to mained a mystery no longer. It seems, a few hours sleep along with their cattle, let the weather be was



Wbich leads across the park,


herd nad

only move at eas

and many of these bardy men do not once rest under a roof book,) and plenty of English gold in the sporran (pouch of Glenae, come of the Manly Morrisons of auld lang syne, during a journey on foot from Lochaber to Lincolnshire. goat skin."

that never took short weapon against a man in their lives. They are paid very highly, for the trust reposed is of the The bonny lasses made their adieus more modestly, and And neither needed they: they had their broadswords, Jest importance, as it depends on their prudence, vigilance, more than one, it was said, would have given her best and I have this bit supple (showing a formidable cudgel) and honesty, whether the cattle reach the final market in brooch to be certain that it was upon her that his eye last -for dirking ower the board, I leave that to John Highmod order, and afford a profit to the grazier. But as they rested as he turned towards his road.

landman.-Ye needna sport, none of you Highlanders, maintain themselves at their own expense, they are especi- Robin Oig had just given the preliminary “ Hoo-hoo!and you in especial, Robin. I'll keep the bit knife, if alls economical in that particular. At the period we speak to urge forward the loiterers of the drove, when there was you are feared for the auld spaewife's tale, and give it of, a Highland drover was victualled for his long and toil. a cry behind him.

back to you whenever you want it." some journey, with a few handfuls of oatmeal and two or "Stay, Robin-bide a blink. Here is Janet of Toma- Robin was not particularly pleased with some part of tree onions, renewed from time to time, and a ram's horn hourich-auld Janet, your father's sister."

Hugh Morrison's speech ; but he had learned in his trafilled with whiskey, which he used regularly, but sparingly, “Plague on her, for an auld Highland witch and spae. vels more patience than belonged to his Highland constietety night and morning. His dirk, or skene-dhu, (that is, wife," said a farmer from the Carse of Stirling: "she'll tution originally, and he accepted the service of the de. Back kaife,) so worn as to be concealed beneath the arm, cast some of her cantrips on the cattle."

scendant of the Manly Morrisons, without finding fault by the folds of the plaid, was his only weapon, excepto "She canna do that," said another sapient of the same with the rather depreciating manner in which it was ing the cudgel with which he directed the movements of the profession-"Robin Oig is no the lad to leave any of them, offered. zuule. A Highlander was never so happy as on these oc- l without tying Saint Mungo's knot on their tails, and that “ If he had not had his morning in his head, and been casions. There was a variety in the whole journey, which will put to her speed the best witch that ever few over but a Dumfries-shire hog into the boot, he would have exercised the Celt's natural curiosily and love of motion ; Dimayet upon a broomstick."

spoke more like a gentleman. But you cannot have more there were the constant change of place and scene, the petty It may not be indifferent to the reader to know, that the of a sow but a grumph. It's a shame my father's knife Hrentures incidental to the traffic, and the intercourse with Highland cattle are peculiarly liable to betaken, or infected, should ever slash a haggis for the like of him." the various farmers, graziers, and traders, intermingled by spells and witchcraft, which judicious people guard. Thus saying, (but saying it in Gaelic.) Robin drove on Tith occasional merry-makings, not the less acceptable to against by knitting knots of peculiar complexity on the his cattle, and waved farewell to all behind him. He Donald that they were void of expense; and there was the tuft of hair which terminates the animal's tail.

was in the greater haste, because he expected to join at EDDsciousness of superior skill; for the Highlander, a child But the old woman who was theobject of the farmer's sus. Falkirk a comrade and brother in profession, with whom Lovosgst flocks, is a prince amongst herds, and his natural picion seemed only busied about the drover, without paying he proposed to travel in company. abis induce him to disdain the shepherd's slothful life, so any attention to the flock. Robin, on the contrary, appeared Robin Oig's chosen friend was a young Englishman, af he feels himself nowhere more at home than when fol. rather impatient of her presence.

Harry Wakefield by name, well known at every northern Sing a gallant drove of his country cattle in the character “What auld-world fancy,” he said, “ has brought you market, and in his way as much famed and honoured as their guardian.

so early from the ingle-side this morning, Muhme? I am our Highland driver of bullocks. He was nearly six feet Of the number who left Doune in the morning, and with sure I'bid you good even, and had your God-speed, last high, gallantly formed to keep the rounds at Smithfield, e purpose we have described, not a Glunamic of them all night."

or maintain the ring at a wrestling match; and although sked his bonnet more briskly, or gartered his tartan hose 1 * And left me more siller than the useless old woman he might have been overmatched, perhaps, among the reder knee over a pair of more promising spiogs (legs) than will use till you come back again, bird of my bosom," said gular professors of the Pancy, yet as a chance customer, Robin Oig M.Combich, called familiary Robin Oig, that the sibyl. "But it is little I would care for the food that he was able to give a bellyfull to any amateur of the pu. Young, or the Lesser Robin. Though small of stature, nourishes me, or the fire that warms ine, or for God's gilistic art. Doncaster races saw him in his glory, betting the epithet Oig implies, and not very strongly limbed, blessed sun itself, it' aught but weal should happen to the his guinea, and generally successfully ; nor was there a e ras as light and alert as one of the deer of his moun grandson of my father. So let me walk the deasil round main fought in Yorkshire, the feeders being persons of ce.

. He had an elasticity of step, which, in the course of you, that you may go safe out into the far foreign land, and lebrity, at which he was not to be seen, if business perlong march, made many a stout fellow envy him ; and come safe home."

(mitted. But though a sprack lad, and fond of pleasure te manner in which he busked his plaid and adjusted his Robin Oig stopped, half embarrassed, half laughing, and and its haunts, Harry Wakefield was steady, and not the onnet, argued a consciousness that so smart a John High. signing to those around that he only complied with the old cautious Robin Oig M.Combich himself was more at. todman as himself would not pass unnoticed among the woman to soothe her humour. In the meantime, she traced tentive to the main chance. His holidays were holidays

e Lavland lasses. The ruddy cheek, red lips, and around him, with wavering steps, the propitiation, which indeed; but his days of work were dedicated to steady and z luite teeth, set off a countenance which had gained by ex. some have thought has been derived from the Druidical persevering labour. In countenance and temper, Wakesure to the weather, a healthful and hardy, rather than a mythology. It consists, as is well known, in the person who field was the model of Old England'o merry geomen, bered huse. If Robin Oig did not laugh, or even smile I makes the deasil, walking three times round the person whose clothyard shafts, in so many hundred battles, ag. requently, as indeed is not the practice among his country- who is the object of the ceremony, taking care to move ac. serted brer superiority over the nations, and whose good aeg, his bright eyes usually gleamed from under his bon- cording to the course of the sun. At once, however, she sabres, in our own time, are her cheapest and most assured 4 vith an expression of cheerfulness ready to be turned stopped short, and exclaimed, in a voice of alarm and horror, defence. His mirth was readily excited; for, strong in alo mirth.

* Grandson of my father, there is blood on your hand." limb and constitution, and fortunate in circumstances, he The departure of Robin Oig was an incident in the little "Hush, for God's sake, aunt,” said Robin Oig : " you was disposed to be pleased with every thing about him; i, in aod near which he had many friends, male and fe- will bring more trouble on yourself with this Taishataragh and such difficulties as he might occasionally encounter, de He was a topping person in his way, transacted con. (second sight) than you will be able to get out of for many were, to a man of his energy, rather matter of amusement table buisness on his own behalf, and was intrusted by a day."

than serious annoyance. With all the merits of a sanguine best farmers in the Highlands, in preference to any other " The old woman only repeated, with a ghastly look, temper, our young English drover was not without its de. na in that district. He might have increased his busi. " There is blood on your hand, and it is English blood. fects. He was irascible, and sometimes to the verge of

to ay extent had he condescended to manage it by The blood of the Gael is richer and redder. Let us see being quarrelsome; and perhaps not the less inclined to ay: but except a lad or two, sister's song of his own, let ug "

bring his disputes to a pugilistic decision, because he in rejected the idea of assistance, conscious, perhaps, Ere Robin Oig could prevent her, which, indeed, could found few antagonists able to stand up to him in the box.

much his repetation depended upon his a tending in only have been by positive violence, 60 hasty and peremp- ing ring. thes to the practical discharge of his duty in every in. tory were her proceedings, she had drawn from his side the it is difficult to say how Henry Wakefield and Robin ste. He remained, therefore, contented with the high. dirk which lodged in the folds of his plaid, and held it up, Oig first became intimates; but it is certain a close acpremiom given to persons of his description, and com exclaiming, although the weapon gleamed clear and quaintance had taken place betwixt them, although they Red himself with the hopes that a few journeys to England bright in the sun, ** Blood, blood-Saxon blood again. had apparently few conimon topics of conversation, or of isht enable him to conduct business on his own account, Robin Oig M.Com bich, go not this day to England." Tinterest, so soon as their talk ceased to be of bullocks. smsaner becoming his birth. For Robin Oig's father, 1 “ Prutt, prutt," answered Robin Oig," that will never Robin Oig, indeed, spoke the English language rather Athlu M.Combich (or, son of my friend, his actual clan do neither-it would be next thing to running the country, in perfectly upon any other topics but stots and kyloes, Anime being M Gregor,) had been so ealled by the cele. For shame, Mubme-give me the dirk. You cannot tell and Harry Wakefield could never bring his broad York:

A Rab Roy, because of the particular friendship by the colour the difference betwixt the blood of a black shire tongue to utter a single word of Gaelic. It was in Od tad subsisted between the grandsire of Robin and bullock and a white one, and you speak of knowing faxon vain Robin spent a whole morning, during a walk over

hat reowned cateran. Some people even say, that Robin from Gallic blood. All men have their blood from Adam, Minch-Moor, in attempting to teach his companion to 2 derived his Christian name from a man, as renowned Muhme. Give me my skenedhu, and let me go on my utter, with true precision, the shibboleth Llhu, which is

the wilds of Lochlomond as ever was his namesake. road. I should have been half way to Stirling brig by this the Gaelic for a calf. From Traquair to Murder-cairn, obig Hood, in the precincts of merry Sherwood. “Of time-Give me my dirk, and let me go”

the hill rung with the discordant attempts of the Saxon chancestry," as James Boswell says, “ who would not “Never will I give it to you," said the old woman- upon the unmanageable monosyllable, and the heartfelt

proud ''Robin Oig was proud accordingly, but his fre- " Never will. I quit my hold on your plaid, unless you laugh which followed every failure. They had, however, Hest risits to England and to the Lowlands had given him promise me not to wear that unhappy weapon."

better modes of awakening the echoes ; for Wakefield An enough to know that pretensions, which still gave him! The women around him urged him also, saying few of could sing many a ditty to the praise of Moll, Susan, and Stelle right to distinction in his own lonely glen, might be his aunt's words fell to the ground; and as the Lowland Ciceley, and Robin Oig had a particular gift at whistling echobnoxious and ridiculous, if preferred elsewhere. The farmers continued to look moodily on the scene, Robin interminable pibrochs through all their involutions, and Hide of birth, therefore, was like the miser's treasure, the Oig determined to close it at any sacrifice.

what was more agreeable to his conipanion's southern ear, cret subject of his contemplation, but never exhibited to * Well, then," said the young drover, giving the scab. knew many of the northern airs, both lively and pathetic, Sangers as a subject of boasting.

bard of the weapon to Hugh Morrison, " you Lowlanders to which Wakefield learned to pipe a base. Thus, though Many were the words of gratulation and goodluck care nothing for these freats. Keep my dirk for me. I Robin could hardly have comprehended his companion's Rich Tere bestowed on Robin Oig. The judges com- cannot give it you, because it was my father's; but your stories about horse-racing, cock-fighting, or fox-hunting, ended his druve, especially the best of them, which were drove follows our's, and I am content it should be in your and although his own legends of clan-lights and creaghs, Lobin's own property. Some thrust out their snuff-mulls keeping, not in mine.-- Will this do, Muhme ?”

varied with talk of Highland goblins and fairy folk, would metbe partiog pinch others tendered the doch-an-dorrach "It must," said the old woman " that is, if the Low. have been caviare to his companion, they contrived, ne. ut purting cup. Al cried " Good luck travel out with lander is mad enough to carry the knife."

vertheless, to find a degree of pleasure in each other's you and come home with you. Give you luck in the Saxon The strong westlandman laughed aloud.

company, which had for three years back induced them kuter-brave potes in the leablur-dhu, (black pocket.! " Goodwife," said he, “ I am Hugh Morrison from to join company and travel together, when the direction

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