Abbildungen der Seite


cott's, Sir W.'s, Chronicles of the Canongate, extracts Sun, lines to the, 293.

Vernon, Lord-see Evidence, Circumstantial.
from, 138, 145.- Editorial remarks on the novels of, 145. Supernatural appearances, 92.

Vesuvius, eruption of, 345, 431.
Scott, Sir Walter, verses to, by Pringle, 369.
Swaine's metrical essays, specimen of, 208.

Vice and seduction, 59.
Scots, Mary, Queen of the, 188.
Swallow tribe, natural history of the, 361.

Vienna, deliverance of, by Mr. Macauley, 197.
Scotland, trip in-see Steam Excursion,
Swearing, an epigram, 108.

Virtue (verses) 336.
Scouring balls for woollen cloths, 207.
Sweeps, chimney-see Climbing-boys.

Vivent les bagatelles-see Bagatelles.
Scriptural reading, 5.
Sweet Fairy Minstrel (verses) 284.

Voyage at sea described, 234, 290, 325, 349, 377-se
Sea serpent caught, 28.
Swimming, extraordinary, 12, 20-see Bedale.

Sea song (Barney Buntline) 148.

Swimming, Munchausen (a good story) 2— Across the He- Voyages of discovery, 14, 35—see Franklin and Parry.
Seal of the Liverpool Corporation-see Corporation. lespont, 21.

Seduction and panderism, 59, 68.

Swimming exploits, or gymnasia, 28, 29, 40–Editorial Wallace, Sir William, and the Red Rover, 422.
Selina (poetry) 412.

remarks on, 29.

Wallasey—see Liverpool and Mersey.
Sermon by Sambo, 143.
Swimming postmen, in South America, 40.

Wallis, Dr., extraordinary memory of, 77.
Servants, female, letter respecting, 235, 248, 255, 280. Swimming matches, challenges, feats, &c. 376, 424. War, letter on, 256.
Sex, fair-see Fair Sex.
Sylvester, Charles (the late) character of, 253.

Warfare, alleged propensity of man and other animals to
Shark, the, a story, 26.
Sympathy (poetry) 320.

editorial paper on, 153.
Shelter, the (verses) 217.
Syphon hydrometer, new,

Warrior's death (verses) 12, 188.
Ships, Chinese, singular construction of, 193—How to


“ Was it in sad or playful mood ?" (verses) 72.
construct so that they cannot sink, 193, 210.

Tales, entertaining, 26, 37, 38, 42, 47, 53, 57, 61, 66, 66, Washington, last hours of, 422.
Shirley, the poet, specimens of, 216.

70, 73, 78, 83, 85, 90, 92, 98, 101, 118, 122, 129, 130, Waterhouse, the Rev., memoir of, 19.
Shirt, lines to my, 398.

135, 137, 138, 144, 151, 158, 165, 182, 185, 205, 210, Watson, Lieut., telegraph of, 161.
Shoes, children's, 348.

226, 229, 234, 254, 257, 262, 273, 282, 286, 290, 301, Waverley novels, query respecting, 209.
Shooting match, ancient-sce London.

309, 317, 326, 333, 345, 349, 350, 351, 361,.378, 398, Weather, changes of, indicated by drinking glasses, 376.
Shopmen's hours, 24.

402, 403, 418, 426—see Ghost Seer ; see also Narratives. Wedding of the poker and longs, by Hood, 369.
Short-hand, alleged improvement in, 85.

Tales of a Grandfather, selections from, 218, 234, 238, Wens and excrescences, 192.
Sickness, stanzas written in, 380.


West Indies, tale of the-see Slavery.
Signs, whimsical, 29.
Tankarde, Syr, ancient lines on, 284.

Westerne, Mr., a vocal performer, noticed, 408, 416.
Sismondi, original translation from, 240.
Tannahill, the poet, memoir of, 77.

Whiskers-see Hair and Albert.
Sinclair, Mr., verses to, 124.
Tavern inscription at Pisa, 44.

Whiskers and beards, editorial article on, 425–Original
Sister, infant, lines to, 420.

Taylor, Dr. Robert, posthumous notice of, 219-Epitaph letter on, 425.
Sketch, by G. (verse) 292.

on, 260.

Whist, the laws of, versified, 240.
Slaughter-houses, and carrying carcases through the Teapot, description of an antique, 400.

Widows, burning of, in India, 91, 376.
streets, 91.
Tear of Sympathy, 284.

Wife, choosing of a, in Turkey, 13.
Slaves, negroes, character of-see Negro.
Teens (Miss in her) query respecting, 376, 376.

Wife, a comical (a tale) 38.
Slavery, negro, demoralizing influence of, 289, 301, 342, Telegraph, curious particulars concerning, 152.

Williams, John-see Brunswick Theatre.
343, 367, 369.-Original essay on, 369.

Telegraphic signals by day or night, 161, 178, 251. Windsor castle described, 389.
Slavery, a sonnet, 352.
Thames Tunnel, 288.

Winter primrose (verses) 156.
Smith, Egerton, description of a new musical time-beater, Theatrical critiques, 31, 44, 76, 272, 400, 408, 416. Wish, the, poetry, by G. 336.
with an engraving, 113—Militia return, in doggerel Theatre, fall of a Roman, 347.

Woollaston, Dr., singular essay of, on a phenomenon of
verses, 181.
Thermopalæ (verses on) 269.

the eyes, with engravings, 225, 227.
Smith, Sir E. J. biographical sketch of, 343.
Thief, juvenile, whimsical apology of a, 173.

Woman's loquacity (epigram) English and French, 108.
Smoaker, disagreeable epigram on, 133.
Throat, Abernethy on the, 45.

Woman, verses by G. 52–Woman's love, by G. 148.
Smuggling story, 133—Song, 292.
Thunder storm, poetical description of a, 369.

Wood, Mr., interesting lectures of, 416.
Snow, singular phenomenon of, 288.
Tides, phenomena of, 372.

Wood-turning, specimens of ingenious, 424.
Soap, transparent, 27.
Tiger and elephant, fight between, 374.

Woodgate, Miss Ellen, lines to the memory of, 260.
Society, pictures of, by a nobleman, 273.

Time, on the emblematical figure of (poetry) 412. Words, play upon-see Palendrome.
Solar rays, magnetism, 163.
Time-beater, musical-see Smith, Egerton.

Wrangham—see Barnard.
Soldier's (the old) dog, translation from the French, 83. Tom Jones-sce Fielding.

Solitude, striking picture of, 361.
Toothach, recipe for the, 225.

Year 1827, verses to the, 196—New, verses to the, by G
Song, , 117-Whimsical, of a tailor, 148.
Toper and Love (epigram) 100.

Song, parody on the Last Rose of Summer, 148.
Traill, Dr., address of at the annual meeting of the Liver-

Song, written on board the Albion, 368.

pool Royal Institution, 390.
Song, by Melbourne, 368, 428.
Traveller, letters of a, (original) 237, 251, 259, 290, 309,

Zella, lines to, on her birthday, 72.
Sonnet, by Melbourne, 312.

325, 349.
Sontag, Mademoiselle, notices of, 346, 350.

Traveller, the, (verses) 233.
Spanish tale of a wife, 38.
Travelling, quick-see Vallance.

Spanish romance-sre Gomez.

Trifling, Literary, 297—see Bagatelles.
Spectacles, the use of, demonstrated, 189.

Tulip and flower mapia, 404, 413.
Speculator, dashing, epigram on, 80.
Tulip show, 405.

Aquatic gymnasia, 29_Magellan clouds, 30- Rotch'
Spider, seizing a turkey, 375–Singular facts respecting, Tunnel under Liverpool, 424.

patent fid, 33, 34—The Union air pump, 41-Cor]

collar jackets, 48—The Giraffe, 81-New_mode o

Turkey and Russia, Cowper's reflections on, 400.
Spit, roasting, an extraordinary, 63.
Turkish nation, accounts of the, 187, 243, 406–Their

writing music, 85-Syphon hydrometer, 85-Fac-simil

of Mr. Canning's hand, 92—Diagram illustrative of th
Spring, address to, 268.

cannon, 211-Women, 327.
Stand at ease! 263.
Turpin, Tim, by Thos. Hood, 189.

knight's move at chess, 108-Lord Nelson's monumen
Stanzas to Miss H., 80—By Slender, 164-By G. 284. “ Twine no more," poetry, by G., 404.

in Liverpool, 109–Mr. Egerton Smith's musical time

beater, 113— Profile of Paul Cuffee, 155-The tele
Stays, tight, ill effects of, 134.
Tyrolese minstrels, interesting particulars of the life and

graph, 162, 178-Apparatus for extinguishing fire wit
Steam-carriages on common roads, with an engraving, manners of, 169, 253.

steam, 163–Map of Navarino, 176-Singular anti
229, 250, 264.


quities found in Yorkshire, 212–Diagram illustrativ
Steam-carriage of Burstall—see Burstall.
Ude, the French cook, anecdotes of, 45.

of areas of circles, 212-Puzzles, &c. 220_Singula
Steam excursion, from Inverness to Glasgow, 281, 315. Ugo Foscoli, 115.

phenomenon respecting the direction of the eyes, 225
Steam, used to extinguish fires, 163.
Undertaker and doctor, 261.

227–Problem respecting steam-carriages on commo
Sterne's Maria, no fiction, 297.
“ Upon us let his blood,” &c. (verses) 180.

roads, 229-Living insect in a piece of wood, 237-
Stonehenge, verses on, 148.


Burstall's steam-carriage, 240—Ancient horn at Hooton
Stories, old, repeating, 187—see Tales and Narratives.

Vallance's mode of propelling passengers, &c. by an air
Strachan, Admiral, memoir of, 278.

277–Beeston Castle, 316—Liverpool Corporation seal
tunnel, 49, 65.

363—Chimney sweeping machines, 371-Long's steam
Strangers' Friend Society, objects of, 247.
Variety is the charm of life (verses) 232.

pump, 372– Phenomena of the tides, 373-Profil
Street conversation, burlesque, 389.
Velocity-sce Vallance.

mountain, 391-Map of the River Mersey, 417.
Stye in the eye, a good pun, 424.


Ziterary and Scientific Mirror.


This ollur Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men ai d NINNERS, ANUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANKCDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, Wit and Satire, Fashions, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. formirg a handsome AXXUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

Price 3d

N. 367.Vol. VIII.

TUESDAY, JULY 10, 1827.

The Envestigator.

from events unimportant in themselves, and originating sessed no real or permanent control over their followers,

in circumstances neither honourable to the sovereign, nor, of course they were necessitated to undertake nothing of Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru- at the time, beneficial to the people. In the annals of importance without the concurrence of an assembly com

of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docu- England, the means by which its liberties were acquired | posed of the heads of the tribes into which these followers ments, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party , occupy no conspicuous place, nor does the notice of these were divided. Thus, when the Conquest had been achieved, Politics)

means tend to give an exalted idea of the benefits they these heads of tribes, or Thanes and Coldermen as they

produced. But enough of introductory matter. I will were styled, claimed the privilege of advising their leader (ORIGINAL) now proceed in my inquiry.

in peace, as they had heretofore done in war. The leader,

“ The first accounts we have of the inhabitants of Bri- now raised to the dignity of Monarch, was too weak to AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL INQUIRY INTO THE tain present some traces of a constitution not unlike that oppose their pretensions, and was, therefore, obliged to ORIGIN OF THE CONSTITUTION OF ENGLAND.

we at present possess,” says an historian of no mean re- acquiesce. From this sprung a Witenagemote in each

pute. This is one of the falsities of historians; for the kingdom of the heptarchy. The dignity of Bretwalda, or BY ERASMUS GOWER.

Ancient Britons had no trace of such a constitution as ours, head of the seven kingdoms of England, was enjoyed by

and Miller, when he penned the words just quoted, could the most powerful monarch of the heptarchy, and could The series of essays, of which the following is

only be actuated by a desire to ascribe the constitution of not be obtained by hereditary right; so that in the course the first, can hardly fail to prove useful and interest England to causes widely remote from its true origin. of a few years the dignity was transferred from one moing to our readers; and if we may judge by the pre- Let us examine how the case stands

. • The beads of the Darch to another, as the chances of war, or the revolution kent specimen, these dissertations will contain nothing British tribes elected a chief, or ruler, who, in times of of opinion dictated. at variance with the spirit of our work, in which we foreign invasion, or internal commotion, assumed the su.

It must be confessed, that in the foregoing brief stateare pledged to abstain from introducing any thing preme command.”+ How this measure, which originated ment we find some striking similitudes to the present con. which can be deemed party politics.

solely from the principle of unanimity and obedience stitution of England. Yet these similitudes exist but as

during temporary danger, can have a similitude to the shadows; nor to the Witen or Bretwalda can we reasonably CHAPTER I.

English constitution, will require an abler historian than ascribe the origin of our liberties. A short exposition will
Mr. Miller to prove.

prove this. As both the Witenagemote and the dignity of

Bretwalda existed only so long as they could maintain In layıbg before the readers of the Kaleidoscope a brief Pass we on, therefore, to the Saxon era ; and here we themselves by force, so, as must be the case in all instituinquiry into the origin of the English constitution, a few find the Witenagemote, or Great Council. of the exact tions not founded upon opinion, they speedily fell before preliminary observations will, perhaps, be requisite. It is powers and jurisdiction of the Witen we have no satisfac. not because no other writer has hitherto considered this tory accounts. One writer supposes it to bear some re the case of the Witenagemote; and the increased stability of

a superior power :- the increased influence of the king, in sabject that I now undertake the task, but because, 1st, semblance to what is now termed the King's Privy Coun the different nations of the heptarchy, in the case of the their researches occupy volumes, which the general reader cil,1 and this is by no means improbable. In wading Bretwalda. When Egbert conquered the whole of the has neither time nor inclination to peruse; and, 2nd, the through the dark annals of the Saxon times, we find the heptarchy, the power of the Bretwalda had long been facts which eriters on the English constitution produce are Witenagemote mentioned only in cases of a disputed suc- annihilated, and for a longer space of time had the Witenaoftentims so distorted, and the conclusions they draw cession, or a long minority. During the reigns of the from these facts are generally so false and inconclusive, more active Saxon monarchs, Egbert, Alfred, Edward, &c. Egbert called the Witenagemote once more into existence,

gemotes ceased to exercise their functions and privileges. that no certain reliance can be placed upon them. The the powers of the Witen slumber, and its proceedings are influence of party prejudice (that bane of historical in. either stayed or involved in obscurity. It would seem, of part of the members of the seven Witens, which were

as regarded its jurisdiction. The new Witen was composed quity) has nowhere been felt with greater force than in therefore, that the Great Council was not used as a check now abolished. Yet even this Witenagemote did not the perusal of the essays on the constitution of England ; on the sovereign, but as a governing power during times of long exercise its prerogatives, for after having fulfilled the and this tenders chese essays of comparatively small value. commotion on the part of the people, or minority on the wishes of Egbert

, in acknowledging him King of England, La the present undertaking 1 purpose to select those side of the Sovereign. The constitution, that is, the ina- it slumbered through the remainder of the Saxon era, and facts which bear directly upon the question. But though terials which composed the Witenagemote, prove that, in is not mentioned, save on a few occasions, and then it was these may serve as a beacon to guide me through the this faint resemblance to a Parliament, there existed no they assembled to nominate a guardian during a minority, din mists of ages, it will require some labour to sift them positive power. It was composed of the King's Thanes or to depose the sovereign already deprived of his crown. from the vast mass of rubbish in which they are mingled ; and Coldermen,g who were assembled to give the monarch sad, perhaps, still more labour will be requisite to te their advice in matters of importance. Yet this advice

But there is yet another objection against the Witena. shemelves. For though these facts are too well autben the King reserved to himself the choice of approving, or the whole of the Saxon era, the people possessed no voice saadile the garbled and distorted statement of the facts was by no means to be the decision upon the question, as gemote. It derived no power from the people, and con

sequently had no interest in common with them. During sestał to be denied, they are wholly suppressed by some disapproving of their measures and opinions. Besides, the in the

state, nor were their interests or opinions considered. t writers, and half suppressed by others

. The

influence of power of the Witen, emanating solely from the Sovereign; The Witenagemote, allowing it the widest range, was pels lecling has been suffered to overpower the dictates of made it depend upon his will; and, as its duration lasted merely an assemblage of nobles

, whose power was too great and justice, and a total omission or a garbled state only so long as his pleasure, it could not, of course, be to be despised by the sovereign, and who, consequently, ses bas been the natural result

. That these charges do very beneficial to the nation. Det t upon mere assertion, I shall prove in the course

was constrained to be in some measure guided by their

It may not be amiss, however, to examine a little into wishes and opinions. et de present inquiry.

I have thus attempted to prove, that to no events from Gtouce and Rome, the constitution of England owes its in the state called Bretwalda, || as from these two powers the first accounts of the Britons, to the Saxon era, can we It isa singular fact, that, unlike the constitutions of the origin of the Witenagemote, and also of another power

some writers have argued the origin of the English Con ascribe the liberties of England. But the next step will euence w events unimportant in themselves, and widely stitution. I The Witen seems to have had its origin in the lead to important inferences and deductions. Leaving different in their causes. To no spirited exertions on the first invasion of England by the Saxons. As the leaders of those guides who have conducted me through the fore.

part of virtuous individuals ; to no great efforts on the part the different bands who successively invaded England, pos- going remarks, I shall boldly hazard an opinion of my sé an eniightened people; to no generous concessions on

own, as to the origin of our liberties. In support of this Be part of a good sovereign-can we attribute the liberties

• Miller, Hist. Enquiry, &e.

Lingard. * England. These liberties arose, as before observed, $ Turner, Hist. Saxons. 1 Lingard.

Lingard. † Turner.


| Miller.



opinion I shall bring forward proofs which I think will figures, &c. passing along the road are judiciously intro. establish my proposition. This proposition has not been duced, and enliven the scene; they are also pretty correctly

Miscellanics. formed without mature consideration : it is the result of a drawn, and better coloured: in short, this picture may be diligent perusal of the histories of England, and of the works this artist's pencil, and is highly creditable to his talents ;

safely pronounced the best, as well as the greatest effort of of the writers on the English constitution. How far I shall it also indicates, with more attention to nature and truth

Dr. Bedale's match to swim to Runcorn, about the s succeed, remains yet to be proved; but if I can awaken of colour, greater promise of excellence hereafter, and con

cess of which we have spoken pretty freely, brings to m attention to this important subject, I shall rest satisfied siderable rank as a landscape painter. We have also seen the following good story: tbat I have not laboured in vain. some Marine Views, (in the river at Liverpool,) by Mr.

T'o the Editor of the Montreal Herald. [End of Chapter 1.)

Ralston, upon a much larger scale than his present ones SIR,—The story of the man of his Majesty's 71 st in the exhibition, and greatly superior to them in every giment falling overboard from the Chambley steam-bo

respect, in merit; which we understand were intended for between Long Point and Montreal, and so miraculou fine arts.

the present exhibition, but could not be finished in time, appearing on the beach before his comrades had dise and are now therefore destined for the Liverpool Exhibi. barked, reminded me of a circumstance that occur

tion; where, we have no doubt, they will meet with that during my servitude on board the Dolphin man-of-w MANCHESTER EXHIBITION. admiration to which they are so justly entitled. bound to the West Indies. We were going at the rate

about three knots and a half, when Tom Starboard, ! [From the Blanchester Gazette.]

longing to the foretop, (who, by the bye, was a bit of Antiquitics.

wag) sleeping in the fee fore chains, by a sudden lur Although we have terminated our remarks upon the

of the ship was thrown overboard. " A man overboard pictures in the present exhibition, yet we conceive that

was the general cry fore and aft-and every one ran this does not preclude us from noticing any thing connected DISCOVERY OF FOSSIL HYÆNAS IN KENT.

offer or give assistance to the drowning man. Tom, therewith, or the Fine Arts generally, in this place, and which, from time to time, we may be induced to do, as

A most interesting discovery has, within these few days, nothing extraordinary, woke, on finding himself in de

was a tolerably good swimmer, as every body theugbt, ! subjects present themselves.

been made in this county, by J. Braddick, Esq. of Bough. I water, and began to use his paddles, the ship passi We shall, therefore, without further preface, proceed to ton Mount, of the fossil remains of an extinct species of a head, as I was saying before, at the rate of three kn make some remarks upon a performance of one of our hyæna, and some other antediluvian animals, in the ex. and a half. Tom was soon lost sight of under the counte Manchester artists, which we think is highly creditable to tensive quarries of Boughton, about three miles south of (for although our ship was not on Sir Robert Sepping his talents, and marks his rapid improvement; it is also a Maidstone. These quarries appear to have been worked plan, yet she was pretty full abaft) when Tom was luc confirmation of what we have formerly observed upon the for many centuries; and there is a tradition that many enough to get hold of the rudder chains. The hands short notice which was given to the Manchester artists to of the materials of Westminster Abbey, and other ancient ran off expecting to see Tom astern, and to lower the jo prepare for the exhibition ; and that it is more than pro. buildings in London, were brought from hence; they boat down to pick him up; but no Tom was to be se bable, had niore time for preparation been allowed, we hare lately been extensively wrought by Mr. Braddick, should have liad works of much greater consequence and for the purpose of erecting buildings on his estate. The ceased. Our ship was very deep, bound out to the W

“ He is gone," said they, " to Davy's locker," and effo merit

from the Manchester artists than those which are stone is designated most commonly by the name of Kentish Indies, consequently our gun-room ports were low in now exhibiting.

Rag: it consists of a succession of beds of limestone and The performance which we are now about to notice is a coarse flint, dispersed in irregular thickness through a thought he would wait till they had beat to quarters, a

This Tom saw, and as it was getting dark, “ View of Manchester," by Mr.C.Calvert, which, though matris of sand and sandstone; its geological position is piped the hammocks down, before he got on board, whi not in the exhibition, is under the same roof, placed there, in the lowest region

of the green-sand formation immer he did, and then popped down into the lady's hold (whe no doubt, for public inspection ; and, therefore, alike open diately above the weald clay. The remains in question the gunner keeps his wads and spare monkeys' tails) ar to public criticism. The painting is upon a large scale, consist of

the jaws, teeth, and broken portions of the skull

, there remained till the middle of the first watch, when I commensurate with the magnitude of the town it repre together with bones of the fore and hind legs of a very sallied forth and made free with our bread bags, takir sents, and the most favourable point of view has been large hyæna, and a few other teeth and bones apparently enough to serve him for three days. At the end of this tin chosen (just under our race.course) for exhibiting the best of the ox and horse. All these were found nearly together, we were jogging along at an easy rate, with scarcely at distant view of the town, and, at the same time, of intro within the space of a few feet in one of the numerous wind, about'a knot an hour, when

Master Tom, uncbs sve ducing a beautifully varied and highly picturesque fore. cracks or fissures (locally called vents) that intersect the ground, and intervening scenery, which no other site about strata at this place, and are usually from one to twenty slips out of the port he came in at, and dropping aster Manchester affords in an equally eminent degree, com feet broad: on the sides of many of these vents are hollow began to hail the ship,-" The Dolphin a-hoy!” “ Ha bining, with its broken and steep acclivities, bold and pro- apertures of various sizes, some of which occasionally ex. 100," says the quarter-master, who was about getting jecting masses, finely covered with wood, and thickly in. pand themselves into caves : two such caves have lately pull on the main brace. Says Tom, " If you don't ba terspersed with the country residences of our townsmen ; been destroyed in the quarries on the north side of the the man-topsail and leave to, I shall sink, for no ma whilst, in the bottom of this beautiful landscape, the river valley, at Boughton Mount. These fissures, or vents,

can swim to the West Indies without provisions !" Ere is here and there seen in its sinuous course, and over the cut through the strata, from the bottom of the quarries to body ran aft in amazement, for it had been blowing fre

b whole, the commanding and extended view of this great the surface, are filled with diluvial loam, interspersed during the time we supposed he hud been overboard ; town gives to the tout ensemble a highly interesting and with fragments of the adjacer.t rocks, and numerous chalk. there was no time to be lost, so the boat was lowered, at imposing effect. We shall now, therefore, proceed to make flints; these last must have been drifted hither from some poor Tom picked up, to the great gratification and ast a few remarks upon its exccution, keeping our motto al distant hills, and have fallen into the fissures at the same nishment of everybody on board. On our arrival, as t ways in view, for we think that indiscriminate praise is time with the loam. This loam at its upper extremity Captain was on shore dining with the Governor, the ta more injurious in its consequences, both to the artist and becomes united to that which covers the surface of the turned upon swimming. The Governor was extolling ! the public, (as far as the public taste is concerned) than quarry and the adjacent fields. The bones were discovered powers of a black man he had, and our Captain swore i temperate and liberal criticism ; and we will candidly al. at about fifteen feet deep in one of these fissures; and man could swim with Tom Starboard, of the Dolphin low, that, though the present performance has many and from the manner in which they were scattered amongst foretop; however, to make a long story short, the Capta great beauties, yet these are counterbalanced by some de- the loam and stony fragments, they appear to have been and the Governor made a heavy bet--the time was a fects, which, in a slight degree, deteriorate, ihough not drifted to their presene place at the same time with the pointed Tom asked one week to get ready. The ca greatly, from its general merit and effect ; but they are diluvial matter, amongst which they lay occupying a

penters were ordered to make what chests and conveniene such as will, with a little more care and attention for the position precisely similar to the bones of hyænas and other Tom required. The purser was instructed, at his reques future, be easily remedied or prevented.

animals that were discovered in the fissures of the break- to supply a fortnight's provisions. The day came, an His delineation of the wood and road in the foreground water limestone rock, near Plymouth,

embedded in simi: Tom went on shore at the wharf appointed, when he bega is finely managed, and the shadows from the trees,

ébrown lar diluvial loam and pebbles. It is highly probable that to stow his grub. The black fellow looked at him wit across the road, &c. are little touches of observation and at Boughton, as was the case at Plymouth, the caves

astonishment, “What you do dere, Massa?” says henature, which serve greatly to heighten its truth and communicating with these fissures will be found to con

“What am I doing bere?” says Tom, " why, I am takin beauty; his trees, also, though not marked with much tain an abundance of similar bones. Mr. Braddick's in my provisions to be sure, and I advise you to do th character, are light and pleasing in their forms, and agree workmen say they hare frequently found them in his same, for den the bit of this do you get on the road.

“ Why, Massa," says the negro, “me ro swim more din provement both in his colouring and execution, which is head was thus lost but a few weeks ago : enough, how or ten miles.” “ Nine or ten miles !” says Tom, as if i inore bold, free, and less mannered; but his colouring of ever, has already been done to show that the hyæna was

amazement at the short distance, “Why, man, I'm goin the river and its contiguous banks is much too bright and among the an:ediluvian inhabitants of Kent, as it has to Tobago, which I believe is over 200 miles, and shan yellow, and the general tone of the distant town and bills been proved to have been among those of Yorkshire and be back for a fortnight.” The spectators were astounded beyond is greatly too virid and transparent, and the ob. Devon; and it is highly probable that if the proprietors The black refused to swim. The Governor lost his wager jects too distinctly marked; giving it more the appearance of quarries in this country will reward their workmen for

and it was not until we were homeward bound that 7'on of a beautiful Italian atmosphere and city than that of the preserving whatever teeth, or bones, or fragments of told the secret.

BOB TRANSOM. dingy, dense, and smoky appearance which Manchester bones, they may dig up in the course of working their almost always assumes: the sky, however, is well com. stone, many similar discoveries will soon be made. Pro- A Dab at Rhymes.-A punster, and a great cab a posed and handled, but partakes of the same fault which fessor Buckland and some other gentlemen of the Geolo- crambo, one day observed that any thing might be turne we have just noticed, in its colouring. There is also con gical Society of London have this week visited Mr. Bradinio rhyme, or doggerel, upon which a friend, pointing to siderably more attention paid to his keeping, or aërial per-dick's quarries, and entertain the most sanguine expec. board in Bold-street, upon which was painted the word spective, but his linear is, in some respects, incorrect, par- tations that his further researches therein will be attended “This House to be sold,” exclaimed, “Come, then ticularly in the house on the left, scated in the middle of with success. Mr. B. bas added materially to the value turn that into rhyme !" upon which the other, with in the acclivity, and both this and some others a little farther of his discovery, by communicating information of it finite promptitude, (as Maibews says) redeemed his pledge on reant toning to a lower key; indeed, if this was gene- immediately to the Geological Society of London, as well by writing, with chalk, on the board, rally done, we are convinced that it would greatly im. as by presenting the specimens to their museum.--Maid. prove both the effect and harinony of the whole. The few slove, June 12, 1827.

S 0 D.



A daggerous Adventure.-Not long since, a reverend steam-engine to crack it) to any individual curious in the

NEW PATENTS. clergymas in Vermont, being apprehensive that the examination of the giant productions of nature. And the sorumulated weight of snow upon the roof of his barn same gentleman, we observed, has made a considerable

To W. J. H. Hood, of Arundel-street, Strand, Lieut. night do some damage, was resolved to prevent it by sea- collection of beautiful shells, spars, ores, &c.

R.N. for improvements on pumps, chiefly applicable to sonably shorelling it off. He therefore ascended it, having

ships.-Dated the 26th of May, 1827-6 months allowed first, for fear the snow might all slide off at once, and him

Face Painting:-Lady Coventry, the celebrated beauty, to enrol specification. self with it, fastened to his waist one end of a rope, and killed herself with painting. She bedaubed herself with To G. Burgess, of Bagnigge Wells, for improvements given the coher to his wife. He went to work, but fearing white, so as to stop perspiration. Lady

Mary Wortley in the construction of wheeled-carriages.—26th of May. still far dis safety, "My dear," said he, tie the rope Montague was more prudent ; she went often into the hot 6 months. tead your waist." No sooner had she done this, than off bath to scrape off the paint, which was almost as thick as To T. Clarke, of Market-Harborough, for improvewent the show, poor minister and all, and up went his the plaster on a wall.

ments in manufacturing carpets.-26th May.-4 months. trie. Thus on one side of the barn the astounded and House Launching -The launching of the two brick

To Malcom Muir, of Glasgow, for machinery for prehis sife, high and dry, in majesty sublime, dingling and were moved nearly ten feet, occupied at the time by their enfuanded dergyman hang, but on the other side hung houses in Garden-street was completely successful; they paring boards for flooring and other purposes. —Ist of dangling at the end of the rope. At that moment, how tenants, without having sustained

any injury, the pre- of attaching, fixing, or securing the dead.eyes to the

To J. W. Clarke, of Tiverton, for his improved mode Ever, a gentler:an, luckily passing by, delivered them from parations were the work of some time; the two buildings channels and sides of ships.—8th of June.—6 months. this perilous situation.-Vermont Pat.

having been put upon ways, or into a cradle, were easily Lord Nerbary's Latest.-As his Lordship was return screwed on a new foundation: The inventor of this in preparing wire cards, and dressing woollen and other ing, the other day, from a ride, he met Surgeon C-m-1 simple and cheap mode of moving tenanted brick build. cloths. -8th of June.-6 months. on the military-road, going to Stephen's Hospital. The ings is entitled to the thanks of the public. In the course surgeon having told him where he was going," Dirty of time it is likely

that houses will be put up upon ways provements on capstans. -—8th of June. 6 months.

To C. Phillips, Esq. of Rochester, Capt. R. N. for imbow very disagreeable you must find it." Oh, no," delivered in any

part of the city - American

papers of Marines, and W. R. Hale King, of No. 66, Snow.bill,

To Hugh Evans, of Great Surrey-street, Surrey, Lieut. said the sargen, ** we always have them wushed before If the American mechanic, who can perform these won for their new table apparatus to promote the ease, comthey are brought to us.'

**Ay, ay, " " rejoined the peer, ders, had been in Liverpool, he might have pushed the fort, and economy of persons at sea.—12th of June.6 " and you take care to mangle them yourselves after-Lord-street shops back, without disturbing the stock or months. wards-Freeman's Journal. --If Lord Norbury has fixtures.-Edit. Kal.

To S. Robinson, of Leeds, flax-dresser, for improve. really bad the hardihood to sport this vile pun, we would advise his Lordship to quit the profession of punning to.

Napoleon.—Sir Walter Scott has made one most notable ments in machinery for hackling or dressing and clearing gether with that of the law; for although a punster need discovery, namely, that the great Napoleon could not hemp, flax, and tow.-16th of June.—6 months. not be a first-rate genius, he ought to have some rem. write or speak the French language correctly.-We cannot Dants of memory, to enable him to avoid plagiarism; and carry our respect for Sir Walter Scott so far as to put any

if he will retail old jokes, he ought not to spoil them. credit in so very improbable a tale.
The original of this pun, which is to be found somewhere
Irish Answers. I have often heard it remarked and

[From the Liverpool Courier.] amongst the facetie of Mr. Miller, as Mr. Brougham complained of by travellers and strangers, that they never

newbat after this fashion :-A was bantering B, whose could get a true answer from any Irish peasant as to disfaez and linea were not as white as the driven snow.

"Oh!" tances, when on a journey. For many years I myself says B, "you are only ironing me." "He should not thought it most unaccountable. If you meet a peasant on June

27 29 54 55 0

S.w. Rain. yea," says C, " before you are washed;" to which your journey, and ask him how far, for instance, to Bal

S.W. Rain.
B rejoined, I care not what he does, so that he don't | Linrobe ? he will probably say it is three short miles.”
You travel on, and are informed by the next peasant you

62 067 0W.N.W. Fair.
megle me."-Edit. Kah
meet, "that it is five long miles.' On you go, and the July

29 50

Rain. As a gentleman was lately crossing the Thames, he next will tell your honour” it is " four miles, or about

S.W. Cloudy. asked the waterman if any body was ever lost in the pas- that time.” The fourth will swear, "if your honour

3 29 74 56 0 60 0 66 0W.N.w. Fair. esge? “ No, Sir, (replied the waterman,) never; my stops at three miles, you'll never get there!” But, on

27th,-Heavy rain during night. brother was drowned last week, but we found him pointing to a town just before you, and inquiring what

28th,-Heavy rain during night. Again the next day.”-Furet.-Mr. Furet puts us in a place that is, he replies, . Oh! plaze your honour, that's

29th,-Ten, a.m. showers.

1st,-Eight, a.m. rain. Jury, by claiming this as original. Like the preceding, it Ballinrobe, sure enough!"."Why, you said it was more

to be found in the works of the immortal Mr. Miller._ than three miles off!" ... Oh, yes ! to be sure and certain,
Edit, Kal.
that's from my own cabin, plaze your honour. We're no

scholards in this country. Arrah! bow can we tell any Monthly mean of atmospherical pressure, 29:79; mean

distance, plaze your honour, but from our own little temperature,-extreme during night, 52:1; eight, a.m. The following incredible story is taken from an Ameri- cabin ? Nobody but the schoolmaster knows that,

plaze 58:1; noon, 62:24; extreme during day, 64:15; general can paper:

your honour."-Sir J. Barrington's Sketches of his Times mean, 59:10; prevailing winds, westerlyi A Kentuckian belonging to a surveying party under an officer of the United States' engineers, swimming in St. Jabn's River, was seized by a large alligator, and taken

GWENLLIAIN. under the water. In a short time the Kentuckian and the alligator rose to the surface, the latter having the right

A CHANT. leg of the former in his mouth, and the former kaving his thambs in the eyes of his antagonist. The officer imme. diately gave orders to his party, who were in a boat a few

yards from the combatants, to go to the relief of their
comrade; but the Kentuckian peremptorily forbade any
interference, saying, "Give the fellow fair play." It is
Deedless to add, that the gouger obtained a complete
Tietory. Having taken out one of the eyes of his adver-
sary, the latter, in order to save his other eye, relinquished
his hold upon the Kentuckian's leg, who returned to the
there in triumph.


As enormous Nut. There is now in the possession of
Mr. F. Arstell (of the office for the adjustment of weights
and measures, near the New Market) a nut of an enormous
size, the product of a species of palm tree, and brought to
this port from an uncultivated island in the South Seas.
The shell is something of the form of two kidney-beans,
egited or stuck together sidewise, being, as it were, double.
It has evidently been covered by a husk, and is of the colour
and grain of a cocoa-nut; the shell is more than a quarter
of an inch thick. The extreme girth of this nut is two feet
11 inches, or within a quarter of an inch of a yard. Round
the middle it measures s feet 74 inches ; and its capacity
may be estimated by the fact, that from the kernel, which
was hollow within, there were taken two gallons, one quart,

Р P and one half pint. The rind, which is textured like that of the cocoa-nut, was, however, found to be oily, discoloured, and with scarcely any flavour ; but, when fresh, it is, probably, agreeable to the palate. Mr. Arstell, who resides in Duncan-street East, would, we doubt not, willingly

oshow this montrous nut (which would almost require a

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Wayfaring messengers, who come to tell
The tales of other lands—then take a quick farewell.
And who that wanders out but loves the flowers

That fill the earth with gladness and perfume,Making an Eden of our loneliest bowers,

And bringing back with their delicious bloom The days of childhood, when our pleasures lay Thick as the summer flowers, and oh! as fleet as they? Then let us out-for morning has the leaven

Of beauty, youth, and freshness, till it seems Back to our spirits early life was given,

With all its hopes, and joys, and fairy dreams. Oh! would that morning's breathing, light, and dew,

Could in our hearts their innocence renew. Roscommon-street, May, 1827.



Spirit of melody, from realms unknown, Spirit of barmony, all, all thine own! Harp of the winds, the silence gently breaking, While all unseen the hand thy sweetness waking ; Spirit of sympathy! oh, let me keep With thee lone vigils where the moonbeams sleep, Lovely and tranquil on some isle remote, Where Echo starts but at thy witching note, And all-enamoured of the seraph strain, Seeks to repeat it yet, and yet again ! Spirit of love, and sorrow, while to thee Offers the heart its tribute, silently; Thrice blessed inmates of a brighter sphere, Shades of the lost, the beautiful appear ! For thine to wake the sympathies of soul Time cannot weaken, nor can fate control; The whisperings thine, the glorious visions blest, Shining serenest on the mourning breast! Harp of the winds, rough the blue ether stealing, And Paradise to earthly gaze revealing ; Harp of the winds, with soul-subduing note, Still, heaven-inspired, on wings of zephyr float, And the tranced heart a captive, willing, take, And bid it from its galling fetters break; With thee to traverse where no eye may trace, Far o'er the chasm rude of Time's abyss ; The spicy vales of Araby explore, And sicken at decay, and change no more. Harp of the winds ! roused by thy varied song, Lo! what a motley crowd tumultuous throng Of grave and gay; the present and the past, And ah ! the passions too, nor least, nor last, Obedient to thy call, a numerous band, Confess the wavings of thy wizard wand. Mighty magician of the inmost soul ! Still undisputed be thy loved control ; Still thine the tones to memory most dear, Th'impassioned sigh be thine, and thine the tear; Thine the deep mysteries of the spirit, fraught With more than mortal melody e'er taught; A spell surpassing all to minstrel known, A charm omnipotent, and thine alone ! Spirit of harmony, confest of heaven, Still be to me thy witching echoes given, Thy solemn sadness, mixed with visions holy, Fancy's gay dreams, and dearer inelancholy, Till on the stream of Time no longer tost,

In strains yet purer, thine, loved harp, are lost ! Liverpool.

Beneath a classic sky

Tny hidden purity
To nymph or goddess had been consecrate ;

King, warrior, bard, divine,

Had mingled at thy shrine,
Bearing rich gifts, thee to propitiate.

Then, from thy twilight dim,

Pæan and votive hymn,
In the still moonlight had come pealing out;

Then odours sweet been shed,

From flower. gifts garlanded,
And here been sacred rite, and festive shout.

And marvel 'tis thy spring,

So purely bubbling,
Never was sainted, ne'er had cross nor sign ;

Strange, that beside thy well

No holy hermit's cell,
Blessing thy waters, made this nook a shrine.

Fount of the forest ! no;

Thy water's crystal flow
Ne'er had a legend, traveller never came,

Childhood nor crippled age,

On wearying pilgrimage, From a far region guided by thy name.

And now, 'mong mosses green,

Dim in thy leafy screen,
Ages ago thy silvan fount was flowing ;

The squirrel on the tree,

The bird's blithe melody,
And drooping ferns around thy margin growing.

Even then thy cool retreat

Lurid the tired peasant's feet ; Here gentle creatures shunned the noontide beam ;

And, from the hunter's dart,

Here fled the chased hart,
And bathed his antler'd forehead in the stream.

Pure fount ! there need not be

Proud rites' solemnity,
Priest, altar, hymn, nor legend, to recall

The soul to holy thought,

'Tis by thy silence brought, Thy dimness, and thy water's tinkling fall.

There is a spell of grace

Around this quiet place,
That lures the spirit to a better mood;

Wbence ? --but that man's weak arm

Hath not dissolv'd the charm Which Nature forms in her calm solitude.


The writer of the following doggerels informs us, (which was superfluous, by the bye,) that he is no poet. It seems he has learned to swim by means of the cork collar jacket, and these verses are intended to evince his gratitude. As we last week said, we hope that he swims better than he versifies.

Let puppics at this jacket rail,

Or envious scribes attack it,
In ship or boat I'll never sail

Without a collar jacket.
When ships are stranded, boats upset,

For thousands I will back it,
He's the best chance on shore to get

Who has the collar jacket.
If cash or notes you chance to have,

Make all snug in a packet;
And you your cash and life may save

By means of this said jacket.
This jacket let them slight who choose,

For one I ne'er will lack it;
Others their cash and life may lose,

I'll save mine by a jacket.
Then let each one who takes a tour

On board a steamer-packet,
Before all other things be sure

To get the collar jacket.



Morn is abroad! O ’ris a pleasant thing

To hear the brisk song of the early lark ;, To see the swallow hawking on the wing

For the quick fly; or, unobserved, to mark The callow brood, whose warbling shall make The future joy of forest or of brake. And it is beautiful to see the sun

Look down delighted on the dancing wave, While the trim ships come gliding one by one

Ofer the blue deep, each bearer of some brave

Tide Table.
Days. Morn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c.

h. m. h. m. ft. in.
Tuesday ..10 11 58 19 10
Wednesdayll 0 21 0 44 19
Thursday..12 1 6 1 29 19
Friday ....13 1 51 2 14 18 3
Saturday..14 2 36 2 58 16 8

(Swithin. Sunday....15 3 21 2 58 14 11 5th Sunday after Trinity. Monday ..16 4 11' 4 40 13 4 Tuesday ..17 5 12 5 45 12 1


Young Bill, the woodman, well 'tis known

Was long betroth'd to Sue;
But she writ word she would not wed,

Ah! 'was a Billy-do.
Then he spoke out his mind afresh,

And of his hopes did tell her ;
Said she, “ Your head is like the trees

That you do fell, you fellor !
Bill ar'd no more-but vow'd, alas!

No longer boughs he'd lop;
So stole away at dinner time,

Nor took another chop.
He paid his bill at public-house,

As oft he'd done before,
But twenty shillings they did want,

And said it was his score !
Then for a soldier he did go,

And left his granny-dears;
Inlisted, how his tears did flow,

For they were volun-teers!
Among the awkward squad was Bill,

With many younkers more,
Where he did find much to his cost

That drilling was a bore.
For tho' the seasons change, 'tis said

To Bill it seem'd quite clear,
In summer-winter-just the same

'Twas March throughout the year.
The bullets flew in battle's heat

Around his martial brow,
Cried Bill—“ They have forgotten sure

I'm not a wood-man now.'
A ball struck Bill upon the cheek,

Which made him faintly falter
“Oh! how they've altered my queer jib

At the siege of Gib'raltar.
“ Had I but listed in the Guards,

I had not met these woes ;
Now having lost one-half my face,

I cannot face my foes.
“ And as for rallying all my strength,

To make the wretches rue it,
The thing is quite impossible

I've not the face to do it."
With hands fast tied, and led along

A prisoner by the foe-man;
But Bill got free, and laughing cried,

“ The tide will stay for no man."
Now safely stored at Chelsea Reach,

Poor Bill does stoutly sing-
With a whole heart, but half a head,

“ Long live-God save the King."


(From William and Mary Howitt's Desolation of Eyam, and

other Poems.)

Fount of this lonely nook !

Hardly may heaven look
Through the green covert of thy leafy trees :

Yet, in thy lucent wave,

Green ferns and mosses lave,
Dimpling thy stream as sways the passing breeze.


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