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Being sensible that the work which I now offer to mreigner
the public is more confined in its objects than most are the genesah,
publications connected with classical literature, and of
that though thus limited, its extent is likely to prove
greater than the object in the eyes of many/may
appear to deserve, I think it desirable to say a few
words in its defence, and to state some of the con-
siderations which have induced me to hazard its publication ;
reception by the classical reader; Having done this, and
I will offer a few remarks, which I have been led to then
make during the progress of the work. I prefer Tiwa Shane
throwing these into the form of an Introduction, and
so disposing of them at once, rather than scattering the
them at intervals throughout the work, so that the
succeeding numbers may be—what they profess to
be—collections of parallel passages. These remarks
will chiefly have reference to two subjects. First, outfiiolo
the degrees and kinds of resemblance between certain
of our own poets and the Greek tragedians whom I
have undertaken to illustrate; how far, and in what
cases, such resemblance is to be considered as the

Ishallon,

a

as

and

result of imitation, or not: and, secondly, the chief kinds and peculiarities of the Greek metaphor, especially when contrasted with the Latin and English.

In justification of my design, I will begin by ob

serving, that if there is one faculty in our mental of the mind

constitution to the exercise of which the most important results are attached, it is that of discovering resemblances, and consequently differences : on this

partly depends the association of thought; by this, first an mik.man is imitative; and in virtue of this only is hea me being and at philosopher. The pleasure attendant on the exercise

any faculty is almost always, as nearly as possible, ire philosopher

in proportion to its utility; and hence the extreme delight which the mind experiences in forming comparisons, even without a view to the result. Though it would not be a very satisfactory one on which to depend, yet I would almost trust for success to this principle; or, in other words, claim no more for my book than the recommendation of amusement. There is, however, rarely a comparison without an inference; and to those to whom it proves amusing, I cannot help trusting that it may prove something

erwards the reflec

of

3

more.

Some

I am quite aware that there are minute critics whe view the coincidence of the noblest thoughts of men, , who living in ages far divided, have been each the glory of his own, with nearly as much indifference, as

apart

on

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The minulē Crities whom you theru uneer at de not deskive the co letion of parallelt paljagers, except

on the sound of its ulter in uk lity as recando an accurate knowledge of the language and Style of particular places and perioder. As soon as the combine

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INTRODUCTION.

vii

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they would the resemblance between two leaves from the same tree, or bricks from the same building; and who consider the fact, that the elision of the iota of the dative singular occurs six times, neither more nor less, in the Greek tragedies, far better worth the expense of labour to investigate, and letter-press to Jdivulge, than that Sophocles and Shakspeare, folMowing the unchanging laws of man's nature, and themselves governed by the same laws of thought,

Shave, without connivance, agreed to put nearly the deas. same words into the mouths of similar characters, placed in

Wwhere their circumstances corresponded ; [or that
Jimilat ofthey have both discovered the aptness of the same

limagery for expressing similar relationships of mind
and matter.] From these critics, and from those
amongst younger scholars, who, as the term is, get
up a given quantity of Greek poetry, as a matter of
university business, I cannot of course expect much
sympathy or encouragement. There are, however, a
widely different class—professional men, whose days
of study are indeed gone by, but who recur to their
classics as a relaxation, and to whom English illustra-
tions might be more agreeable than critical remarks ;
and

younger students, who find in the reading of the
Greek tragedians something more than a mere exer-
cise in the acquirement of the language. To such

I should humbly, but without hesitation, offer the revearcher of Scholaru shall have made as a acquain

ed with all The laws of language and versihcahim, and all the peculianice ofvtiple. and venkinentit will then be line enough to enter un the question of larallell hafrages. But till then me shall men then

finding a parallellogom ons between cirhat one another dich and on did not write. See at Agam...! a bere tuale pandorlinit

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