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merit and pretences to the favour of that enchanting creature, woman. However, the generous Orlando believed himself formed for the world, and not to be engrossed by any particular affection. He sighed not for Delia, for Chloris, for Chloe, for Betty, nor my lady, nor for the ready chambermaid, nor distant baroness : woman was his mistress, and the whole sex his seraglio. His form was always irresistible : and if we consider, that not one of five hundred can bear the least favour from a lady without being exalted above himself ; if also we must allow, that a smile from a side-box' has made Jack Spruce half mad, we can't think it wonderful that Orlando's repeated conquests touched his brain : so it certainly did, and Orlando became an enthusiast in love; and in all his address, contracted something out of the ordinary course of breeding and civility. However (powerful as he was), he would still add to the advantages of his person that of 1 a profession which the ladies favour, and immediately commenced soldier. Thus equipped for love and honour, our hero seeks distant climes and adventures, and leaves the despairing nymphs of Great Britain to the courtship of beaux and witlings till his return. His exploits in foreign nations and courts have not been regularly enough communicated unto us, to report them with that veracity which we profess in our narrations : but after many feats of arms (which those who were witnesses to them have

1 The side-boxes were usually reserved for men, ladies sitting in the front boxes, and Pope describes men ogling and bowing from the side boxes. See, too, the Spectator, Nos. 311, 377. But Swift (“Polite Conversation," 1738) writes : “Pray, Mr. Neverout, what lady was that you were talking with in the side box?” A wench in a sidebox was looked upon with suspicion. See Nos. 145, 217. In the Theatre (No. 3) Steele says : “Three of the fair sex for the front boxes, two gentlemen of wit and pleasure for the side boxes, and three substantial citizens for the pit !”


suppressed out of envy, but which we have had faithfully related from his own mouth in our public streets) Orlando, returns home full, but not loaded with years. Beaux born in his absence made it their business to decry his furniture, his dress, his manner ; but all such rivalry he suppressed (as the philosopher did the sceptic, who argued there was no such thing as motion) by only moving. The beauteous Villaria, who only was formed for his paramour, became the object of his affection. His first speech to her was as follows :

“Madam, -It is not only that nature has made us two the most accomplished of each sex, and pointed to us to obey her dictates in becoming one ; but that there is also an ambition in following the mighty persons you have favoured. Where kings and heroes, as great as Alexander, or such as could personate Alexander," have bowed, permit your general to lay his laurels." According to Milton :

The fair with conscious majesty approved

His pleaded reason ;3 and fortune had now supplied Orlando with necessaries | Barbara, daughter and heiress to William Villiers, Viscount Grandi

She became the mistress of Charles II., who made her husband Roger Palmer — Earl of Castlemain, and afterwards made her Duchess of Cleveland. On Lord Castlemain's death in 1705 she married Beau Feilding, from whom she was subsequently divorced. She died of dropsy on October 9, 1709.

? An allusion to Cardell Goodman, the actor (died 1699), one of the "mighty persons

favoured by the duchess, whose paramour he became. His chief parts were Julius Cæsar and Alexander the Great.

3 “She what was honour knew,
And with obsequious majesty approved
My pleaded reason."
“ Paradise Lost,” viii. 507-9.


for his high taste of gallantry and pleasure: his equipage and

economy had something in them more sumptuous and gallant than could be received in our degenerate age ; therefore his figure (though highly graceful) appeared so exotic, that it assembled all the Britons under the age of sixteen, who saw his grandeur, to follow his chariot with shouts and acclamations, which he regarded with the contempt which great minds affect in the midst of applauses. I remember I had the honour to see him one day stop, and call the youths about him, to whom he spake as follows :

“Good bastard,-Go to school, and don't lose your time in following my wheels : I am loth to hurt you, because I know not but you are all my own offspring : hark'ee, you sirrah with the white hair, I am sure you are mine : there is half-a-crown. Tell your mother, this, with the half-crown I gave her when I got you, comes to five shillings. Thou hast cost me all that, and yet thou art good for nothing. Why, you young dogs, did you never see a man before ?

“Never such a one as you, noble general,” replied a truant from Westminster. “Sirrah, I believe thee : there is a crown for thee. Drive on, coachman.

This vehicle, though sacred to love, was not adorned with doves : such an hieroglyphic denoted too languishing a passion. Orlando therefore gave the eagle, as being of a constitution which inclined him rather to seize his prey with talons, than pine for it with murmurs.

From my own Apartment, August 2. I

have received the following letter from Mr. Powell of

the Bath,' who, I think, runs from the point between us, which I leave the whole world to judge. The Feildings were Counts of the German Empire.

“Our friend the Tatler, under the notion of Mr. Powell at the Bath, has, in my mind, entered into the depth of the

? See No. 44 :

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“Having a great deal of more advantageous business

at present on my hands, I thought to have deferred answering your Tatler of the 2 ist instant, till the company was gone, and season over ; but having resolved not to regard any impertinences of your paper, except what relate particularly to me, I am the more easily induced to answer you (as I shall find time to do it): First, partly lest you should think yourself neglected, which I have reason to believe you would take heinously ill. Secondly, partly because it will increase my fame, and consequently my audience, when all the quality shall see with how much wit and raillery I show you—I don't care a farthing for you. Thirdly, partly because, being without books, if I don't show much learning, it will not be imputed to my having none.

“I have travelled Italy, France, and Spain, and fully comprehend what any German artist in the world can do ; yet cannot I imagine, why you should endeavour to disturb the repose and plenty which (though unworthy) I enjoy ar, ument in dispute [between Hoadly and the Bishop of Exeter) and p/ren a complete answer to all that the reverend Bishop either can or will say upon the subject; and Ben should have referred his lordship to be mumbled, as he calls it, by Mr. Bickerstaff, as his lordship had threatened him with that usage, from the worthy author of Timothy and Philatheus." (Letter from Thomas Sergeant, Esq. to Hughes; “ Correspondence of John Hughes, Esq.,” 1772, i. 38.)-[Nichols.] A MS. note, which may have been written any time after 1734, when Hoadly was made Bishop of Winchester, has been added in my copy of the original folio number, at the end of this letter : “Written by Dr. Hoadly, Bp: of Winch ster.” It seems not improbable that Hoadly did himself write this letter.

These words occur in the “Bishop of Exeter's Answer to Mr. Hoadly's Letter,” 1709, p. 3.

at this place. It cannot be, that you take offence at my prologues and epilogues, which you are pleased to miscall foolish and abusive. No, no, until you give a better,' I shall not forbear thinking, that the true reason of your picking a quarrel with me was, because it is more agreeable to your principles, as well as more to the honour of your assured victory, to attack a governor. Mr. Isaac, Mr. Isaac, I can see into a millstone as far as another (as the saying is). You are for sowing the seeds of sedition and disobedience among my puppets, and your_zeal for the (good old) cause would make you persuade Punch to pull the string from his chops, and not move his jaw when I have a mind he should harangue. Now I appeal to all men, if this is not contrary to that uncontrollable, unaccountable dominion, which by the laws of nature I exercise over them; for all sorts of wood and wire were made for the use and benefit of man: I have therefore an unquestionable right to frame, fashion, and put them together, as I please ; and, having made them what they are, my puppets are my property, and therefore my slaves: nor is there in nature anything more just, than the homage which is paid by a less to a more excellent being : so that, by the right therefore of a superior genius, I am their supreme moderator, although you would insinuate (agreeably to your levelling principles) that I am myself but a great puppet, and can therefore have but a co-ordinate jurisdiction with them. I I suppose I have now sufficiently made it appear, that I have a paternal right' to keep a

“And till I can hear of a better reason, &c., I shall not forbear thinking that the true reason of it was, because I am (though unworthy, yet by God's permission and the Queen's favour) a Bishop; and a Bishop is thought by some people to be a sort of an ecclesiastical governor."-(" Answer," p. 5.)

Filmer, in his work on Patriarchal Government, contended that all government ought to be absolute and monarchical.



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