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their crossing the Savannah, while he went upon some other service; during his absence they made good their passage. He immediately followed them with about 300 men [Feb. 14.3 same up with and engaged them about three-quarters of an hour, when they gave way and were totally routed. They had 40 killed, including their leader, colonel Boyd, who had been secretly, employed by the British to collect and head them.—r Pickins had nine killed, and several wounded. By this action the tories were dispersed all over the country. Some ran to North-Carolina. Many returned home, and cast themselves upon the mercy of their state government. Being the subjects. of South-Carolina, they were tried in a regular manner, and TQ were condemned to die; but sentence was executed only on five principals, and the rest were pardoned.

& The British having extended their posts up the river, general Łincoln fixed encampments at Black Swamp, and nearly opposite to Augusta, on the north side. With a view of strengthening the last, and improving any advantages which might offer for crossing the river, and limiting the British to the sea-coast of £eorgia, gen. Ashe was ordered to the upper parts of the country. He began his march on the 10th, with 1500 North-Carolina militia and the remains of the Georgia continentals; and on the 13th in the evening, reached general Williamson's camp, opposite Augusta. That same night col. Campbell made so hasty a retreat from Augusta, that by eight the next morning he had marched 14 miles lower down. This precipitate movement was owing to some false intelligence respeeting either Ashe’s force, or the arrival of a large body of continentals at Charleston; which Campbell credited, and from whence he inferred the necessity of an immediate retreat, to prevent his being cut off. Lincoln finding that he had quitted Augusta, wrote to Ashe [Feb. 16...] that it was of the greatest importance, that if the enemy was out of the upper part of the country, he should follow their down as fast as possible, lest by a forced march they should join their own troops below, attempt his post, and drive him from it. before he (Asfie) could come up with their rear. Lincoln on the 22d sent him the following intimation—“I think that Briar Creek will be a good stand for you until some plan of co-operation be digested, for which purpose, as soon as you arrive there, I will meet you at the two sisters, you appointing the time,” Ashe crossed the Savannah with about 1200 troops, beside 200 light-horse. On Saturday morning the 27th, the army. arrived at the lower bridge, on Briar Creek. The next day ge: Perals Brian, and Elbert took possession of a proper spot of around at welves slock, and encamped, Ashe being go.” **** -** * * ill CQt.

meet sincoln. On March the 2d, the officer of the day report: ed, that reconnoitring parties of the enemy's horse and foot had een seen within their pickets the night preceding. , Ashe returned the evening of the 2d to camp. On Wednesday the 3d, nothing was in forwardness for repairing the bridge which Campbell had destroyed in his return downward, though it had been reported five days before, that the repair would take but six hours. About two in the afternoon information was given, that one of their soldiers had six balis shot through his body; sittle or no notice was taken of it. Within an hour after an account was brought that 500 British regulars were at the ferry. At half past four, a few of the American horse returned from skirmishing with the enemy, when orders were issued for the troops to be formed into platoons from the right, and composed: into a column : it was not long before the British light-infantry. appeard. Lieut. Col. Prevost, after a circuitous march of about 50 miles, in which he crossed Briar-Creek 15 miles above Ashe's encampment came unexpectedly on his rear with a detachmentof about 900 men, including some horse. Upon the appearance of the British light-infantry, Ashe said to Elbert who commanded the continentals—“Sir you had better advance and engage them.” They did not exceed io9 rank and file but upon Elberts order: ing them they formed, advanced thirty yards in front of the enemy, and commenced a very sharp fire upon them, which continued about fifteen minutes. Ashe and the North-Carolina militia remained about 100 yards in the rear entirely inactive. Instead of advancing to support the continentals, they were struck with such a panic at being so completely surprised, that they went to the right about, and fled in confusion without discharging a single muskets. The few Georgia regulars, finding themselves thus deserted, and being surrounded by a great part of the enemy, broke and endeavored also to escape. Elbert did everything to rally them but in vain. He and the survivors of his brave corps were made prisoners. About 150 Americans were killed, and 162 were captured. None had any chance of escaping but by crossing the fiver, in attempting which many were drowned ; of those who got over safe, a great part returned home and never more rejoined the American camp ; the number that joined it, did not exceed 450 men. This event deprived. gen. Lincoln of one fourth of his number, secured to the British the possession of Georgia, and opened a communication between them, the Indians, and the tories of South and North-Carolina. - Toward the end of the last year, an American camp was formed at Danbury, the sufferings it underwent you may collect from the following passage in a letter of a field officer of Jan.

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23.—We were not under cover till the beginning of the present

year. It was distressing to see our officers and men in tents In such severe cold weather. Added to which, and the former list cf grievances, was the want of provisions. From six to nine", days were our men frequently without bread. A revolt took place in general Huntington's brigade; four hundred men got under arms, and marched off the ground to an advantageous post, where they expected to have been joined by the men of the other two brigades; but by the alacrity of the officers and general Putnam's influence, they were dispersed. ■" An expedition has been agreed on against the inimical Indians of the six' nations. The command of it is to be entrusted 'with gen. Sullivan. The plan' is to divide the force into three parts. The principal, consisting of about 3000, is to go by the way of Susquehannah. Another, of about one thousand, is to enter the Indian country by the Mohawk, river; and the other, of about 500, is to attack by the Ohio and Alleghany rivers.—General Washington is endeavoring, by appearances of an expedition to Canada, to induce the British governor to keep his; fbrce at home; and with a view to it, beside jealousies which, have been excited on the side of lake Champlain, he is trying to create others by the way of Coos. A considerable number or Americans was employed the last yeat in cutting a road from thence toward Canada. Colonel Hazen is now gone with his regiment to extend the road toward the Sorel, and give the appearance of an intention to invade the province by that passage! The American army are better clad and more healthy than they have ever been since the formation of the army. . The procuring of early and good intelligence, is of the highest importance to the American commander in chief. He has therefore directed one of his confidential correspondents to rei pide at New-York, to mix with and put on the airs of a tory, thereby to cover his real character and avoid suspicion. He has hinted to him an intimacy with some well informed refugees. Members of congress are not trusted with the names of such correspondents, concerning whom the strictest honor and the profountlest secrecy is observed, and every precaution taken to prevent a discovery by unforeseen accidents. They are furnished with two chymical liquids, or sympathetic inks, the one for Writing, and the other for rendering what is written visible ; the former of that nature as not to become visible by any mean whatever? but by having the latter rubbed over it. . The king's speech on opening the session of parliament, has J>een circulated through the United States more than a month ago. The popular, leaders have been diverting themselves witfc '\rPL. II. G3" it

it. They triumph at observing, that it is replete with complaints of the unexampled and unprovoked hostility of the court of France and while the professions of neutral powers are represented as friendly, their armaments are mentioned as suspicious and that there is a total silence with regard to the American war. - - - * A number of royal refugees had petitioned, and been permitted by Sir Henry Clinton to embody under proper officers, and to retaliate and make reprisals upon the Americans declared to be in actual rebellion against their sovereign. A party of them, who had formerly belonged to the Massachusetts, made an attempt upon Falmouth, in Barnstable county, but were repulsed by the militia. They renewed it, but not succeeding, went off to Nantucket [April 5.] and landed 200 men, entered the town, broke open ware-houses, and carried off large quantities of oil, whalebone, molasses, sugar, coffee, and every thing that fell in their way. They also carried off two brigs, loaded for the WestIndies, two or three schooners, and a large number of boats, In a proclamation they left behind, they took notice of thei having been imprisoned, compelled to abandon their dwellings, friends and connections, had their estates sequestered, and been themselves formally banished, never to return on pain of death, Thus circumstanced, they conceived themselves warranted, by the laws of God and man, to wage war against their persecutors, and to use every mean in their power to obtain compensation for their sufferings. The news of the French king's declaration of war, published at Martinico in the middle of last August, but signed at Versailles the 28th of June, and the capture of Dominica by the French, reached the continent as early as could be expected. By the accounts that are given, the British government had been at an unusual expence in fortifying that island, and the works had been lately covered with a numerous artillery, sent from Britain for

the purpose. But though there were 160 pieces of cannon and

twenty mortars, the regular troops who composed the garrison, amounted only to about a hundred. Neither the importance nor the weakness of Dominica, escaped the attention ythe marquis de Bouille, governor-general of the French windward islands, whose residence was at Martinico. He therefore landed on the isand with about 2000 men, under cover of some frigates and privateers, about day-break of last September the 7th, and proceeded to attack the different batteries and forts by land, as his marine force did by sea. The handful of regulars, with the militia and inhabitants in general, did all that could be expected, but defence was fruitless, so that the lieut. gov. Stuart, to save - - - ** the

ihe inhabitants from plunder and ruin, entered into a capitulation, which was soon concluded. The terras wire the most model ate that could be conceived ; the marquis, out of his great humanity, having nearly agreed, without discussion or reserve, to every condition proposed In favor of the people, whose only change was that of sovereignty. The smallest disorder or pillage was not permitted; and the marquis, in lieu of plunder, rewarded the soldiers and volunteers with a considerable gratuity in ready money. His stay was short: he left a garrison of I 500 hieh behind him, who with the strength of the works, and the powerful artilLery in their hands, will be able to defend-Dominica effectually. We are in-expectation of hearing soon of count d'Estaing's operations

'■• Ail embargo having been laid'in the*southern states on the exportation of grain and flour to these eastern ones, occasioned a scarcity of.bread at Boston. What from drought the last summer, ablighton the rye, the neglectoftillage by the husbandman's being Galled off to the army,.and divers other causes, the inhabitants of the farming, towns could not afford a sufficient supply to the sea-ports, these have fitted out a number of cruisers, which in some instances have procured.a temporary relief: but " the trade and harbours upon the Massachusetts coast have been left in such an unguarded and defenceless situation, that where the Bay-men have'taken one-vessel from the enemy,; their small privateers out of New-York have takenten from them."* The last month the Bostonians were in great distress for want of flourbut the other day [ApriL 12.] a cargo of it happily arrived from Baltimore. The Massachusetts house of assembly, judging it absolutely necessary that so the army might be kept together, have engaged to make good the wages of the^officers and soldiers raised in this state, at the close of the contest, provided it is not ione by congress.

* The M»ff»chufe(t» council.

LETTER

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