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shall agree in the determination ; and if either party'shall neglect to attend at the day appointed, without showing reasons which congress shall judge stifficient, or being present shall refuse to strike, the congress shall procced to nominate three, persons out of each state, and the secretary of congress shall strike in belialf of such party absent or refusing ; and the judgment and sentance of the court to be appointed, in the manner before prescribed, shall be final and conclusive ; and it any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or to appear or de fend thcir claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to pronounce sentence or judgment, which shall in like manner be final and decisive, the judgment or sentence and other proceed. ings being in either case transmitted so congress, and lodged anong the acts of congress for the security of the parties conceraed: provided, that every cornmissioner, before he sits in judge ment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, “ well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment, without favor, affection, or hope of reward ;" provided also, that no state shall be deprived of territory for the benefit of the United States.

All controversies concerning the private right of soil clained under different grants of two or more states, whose jurisdictions as they may respect such lands and the states which passed such grants and adjusted, the said grants or either of them being at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent to such settle. ment of jurisdiction, shall on the petition of either party to the congress of the United States, be finally determined, as near as may be in the same manner as is before prescribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial jurisdiction between different states. : The United States in congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective states--fixing the standard of weights and measures throughout the United States-regulating the trade and managing all affairs with the Indians not members of any of the states ; provided that the legislative right of any state within its own limits be not in. fringed or violated-establishing and regulating post offices from one state' to another throughout all the United States, and exact.

ing such postage on the papers passing through the same as may · be requisite to defray the expences of the said office-appointing

all officers of the land forces in the service of the United States, “excepting regimental officers-appointing all the officers of the haval forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of the United States making rules for the government and


regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing their Operations. $ The United States in congress assembled, shall have authority to appoint a committee to sit in the recess of congress, to be denomiHaled "a committee of the states," and to consist of one delegate from each state, and to appoint such other committees and civil officers as may be necessary.for managing the general affairs of tlie - United States under their direction to appoint one of their num. -ber to preside, provided that no person be allowed to serve in the office of president more thanone year in any term of three yearsto ascertain the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the United States, and to appropriate and apply the saine

for defraying the public expences--to borrow inoney or emit - bills on the credit of the United States, transmitting every half

year to the respective states an account of the sums of money so berrowed or emitted to build and equip a, navy--tó agree, upon the number of land forces and to make requisitions from each Estate for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabit

ants in such state;, which requisitions shall be binding, and there- upon the legislature of each state shall appoint the regimentalof

ficers, raise the men, and clothe, arm and equip them in a soldierSlike-manner, at the expence of the United States; and the officers and men so clothed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States in congress assembled ; but if the United States in congress assembled, shall on consideration of circumstances, judge proper that any state should.not raise men, or should raise a smaller nunie ber than its quota, and that any other state should raise a greater number of inen than the quota thereof, such extia number shall be raised, officered, clothed, armed and equipped in the same manner as the quota of such state, unless the legislature of such state

shalt judge that such extra number cannot be, safely spared out ** of the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, clothe, arm

and equip as many of such extra number, as they judge can be <-safely spared. And the officers and men so clothed, armed and čequipped, shall march to the place appointed and within the time

agreed on by the United Siates in congress assembled.. . *** The United States in congress assembled, shall never engage in sa war nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of peace, - stor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin noney, nor regu

date tise value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and expences nebecausry for the detence and welfare of the United States, or any Put them, nor enit bills, nor borrow money on the credit of the 3. United States, nor appropriate money nor agree upon the num.

mer of vessels of war to be built or purchased, or the number of

Jand or sea forces to be raised, nor appoint a tammander in chief of the army or navy, unless nine states assent to the same ; nor shall a question on any other point, except for adjourning from day to day, be determined unless by the votes of a majofity of the United States, in congress assembled.. . evo • The congress of the United States shall have power to adjourn to any time within the year, and to any place within the United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a longer duration than the space of six months, and shall publish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances or military operations, as in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the delegates of eaely state on any question, shall be entered on the journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and the delegates of a state, or any of them, at his or their request, shall be furnished with a transcript of the said journal, except such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the legislatures of the several states.

Article 10. The committee of the states, or any nine of them, shall be authorised to execute, in the recess of: congress-such of the powers of congress as the United States in congress assembled, by the consent of nine states, shall from time to time think expedient to vest them with; provided that no power be deles gated to the said committee, for the exercise of which, by the articles of confederation, the voice of nine states in the congress of the United States assembled, is requisite. . . . and

Article 11. Canada acceding to this confederation, and join. ing in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union ; but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine states. -- Article 12. All bills of credit emitted, monies borrowed, and debts contracted by or under the authority of congress, before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of the preu sent confederation, shall be deemed and considered as a charge against the United States, for payment and satisfaction whereof the said United States and the public faith, are hereby solemnly pledged.

Article 13. Every state shall abide by the determinations of the United States in congress assembled, on all questions which by this confederation are submitted to them. And the articles of this confederation shall be inviolably observed by every state,

and the union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any - time hereafter be made in any of them ; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every state. :.


These articles have been forwarded to the legislatures of all the United States, to be considered; and if approved of by them, the said legislatures are advised to authorise their delegates to ratify the same in the congress, that so they may become conclusive. They have been accompanied with a circular letter, recommending them to the immediate dispassionate attention of the legislatures; and urging them to hasten the conclusion of the plan for confederation. They will be supported in this state by the influence of Mr. Samuel Adams and Mr. John Adams, who obtained leave of absence to visit their families a week before the finished copy was agreed to by congress. These two gentlemen stand in the relation of second cousins to each other. :. The same day the copy was agreed to, a commiitee was appointed to collect and digest some late discoveries for making mo.. lasses and spirits from the juice of Indian corn-stalks, and to report a plan for coinmunicating such discoveries to the inhabitants of the several states. The scarcity and dearness of molasses and spirits, and the difficulty of procaring a supply from the WestIndies, have induced some ingenuous enterprising minds to grind the Indian corn-stalks, while in a certain state of verdure, and to obtain from the juice, by boiling it, a kind of molasses. Several haye followed the example; and the expectation of the public in many places is raised; but the quantity of molasses produs ced is too small, and the quantity too poor, to answer expences and to supply the demands of the market, so that this mode of obtaining it will soon cease. .

{Nov. 20.] It was reported by a committee, “ That an in-. Foad has been made on the western frontiers of Virginia and Pennsylvania by some savage tribes of Indians, wherein a nuniber of helpless people have been cruelly massacred, and the peaceable inhabitants driven from their homes, and reduced to great distress: and that, from a number of papers stiled proclaw mations, under the hand and seal of Henry Hamilton, of Fort Detroit, as well as from other information and circunstances, it appears that these savages have been instigated by British agents and emissaries, and particularly by the said H. Hamilton to this barbarous and murderous war." ...Congress having received information, that the enemies of the United States endeavored to propagate in Europe groundless reports, that a treaty had been held between congress and the commissioners of the king of Great-Britain, by which it was pro- bable that a reconciliation would take place, resolved, “That tire commissioners, of the said United Siates, at the several courts in Europe, be authorised to represent to the courts at which they respectively reside, that no treaty wiratever has beea


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heid between the king of Great-Britain, or any of his commisss oners and the said United States, since their declaration of inde: pendence. They also resolved, “ That all proposals of a treas ty betivecn the king of Great-Britain, or any of his commission ers, and the United States of America, inconsistent with the in dependence of the said states, or with such treaties or alliancesa may be formed under their authority, will be rejected by con gress.” The communication however of this last resolve, was to be suspended until upon a general consultation of the come missioners a majority should judge it necessary. Congress (plunged into difficulties through an excess of paper currenier which they are continually increasing by new emissions) hart been and are attempting remedies that can never answer. Some are of that nature as necessarily to produce baneful consequences; and yet are persisted in after trial; of this kind is the regtlating and ascertaining the price of labor, manufactures, internal produce, and commodities imported from foreign parts, k has been recommended to all the states to appoint commissioners to convene, some in one place on the fifteenth of January, sanne in another on the fifteenth of February, for the regulating of prices; and after that, to enact suitable laws to enforce the oks servance of such regulations. They have also resolved, "That jt be earnestly recommended to the several states, as soon as may be, to confiscate and make sale of all the real or persogal estates therein of such of their inhabitants and other persons wbo have forfeited the samc, and the right to the protection of their respective states ; and to invest the money arising from the sales in continental loan office certificates, to be appropriated in such manner as the respective states shall hereafter direct.” This resolve will encourage the states to make sale of the estates alluded to, but will not bind them to the disposal of the purchase-money in the manner proposed. Artful individuals will avail themselves of it for their own emolument, but it will be of little or 110 benefit to the public at large. . .

[Dec. 8.] Mr. Silas Deane has been mentioned in a former letter. Congress came to a final resolution respecting his recal, in these words " Whereas it is of the greatest importance, that congress should at this critical conjuncture, be well intorn. ed of the state of affairs in Europe ; and whereas congress have resolved, that the honorable Silas Deane, esq. be recalled from the court of France, and have appointed another commissiomer to supply his place there : Ordered, That the committee for foreign affairs write to the honorable Silas Deane, esq. and direct hini to embrace the first opportunity of returning to America, and upon his arrival to repair with all possible dispatch to con


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