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Congress having made new regulations in the department of the commissary-general of purchases, Mr. Joseph Trumbulio resigned his commission, and signified his intention of disconti-> nuing his service on the 20th of the month. [August 6.J. They upon that “resolved, That Mr. Trumbull, with the officers under him, be desired to continue in the business of supplying theo army, under the former establishment, until the commissaries== general of purchases and issues shall signify their readiness too. proceed therein under the new regulations.” . . . . . ot. To whatiufluence Mr. Trumbull imputed the regulations that?” occasioned his resignation, and what was his opinion as to the is manner of conducting business in congress, may be gathered." from a letter of his, wherein he wrote, on the first of September, “I have quitted the commissary department. The regulations, which are the ground on which I have quitted, were formed by the junto. Is it known in your state (the Massachu-o setts) that the president is with the Yorkers and southern”; Bashaws; that if he wants any thing moved, his brother dele-o gates are not applied to, but the motion comes from Duane, or: some other person of no better character; and that there is not. harmony between him and his brethren?” . . * -- - [August 23.] “Resolved, that the president inform generas: Washington, that congress never intended by any commissions;2 hitherto granted by them, or by the establishment of any de-c: partment whatever, to supersede or circumscribe the power. of general Washington, as the commander in chief of all theo; continental land forces within the United States.” , ... • ***** : *i The British troops stationed on Staten-Island were often making.” incursions into the Jerseys, and carrying off inhabitants, cattle, &c.: This induced gen. Sullivan to settle a plan with col. Ogden, fore attacking the island. The latter had, properly speaking, a sepazo rate command, but agreed to join the general in the expedition.” The general was to go from Elizabeth-Town point; and the col. with his own and col, Dayton's regiment, joined by a hundred. militia, were to cross from another spot, to pass up Fresh-kills. creek, and to come to the reat of col. Lawrence, who was enio camped near the ferry with about 150 men, whom he was to atri tack by day-break. The general selected from the brigades of ge. * nerals Smallwood and De Borre, such men as were best able to endure the march, amounting to near 1000. These he ordered: to march at two o'clock in the afternoon from Hanover to Eliza-obeth-Town, about 16 miles, where they arrived in the evening.” On the 22d of August they crossed over before day-light. Theo. colonel proceeded to execute the part of the plan alotted so him. It had been settled that the general should send two regi-se * : * * Innents
sxients to the neck of land separating the quarter where theeoH. was to begin his attack from the rest of the island, by their possessing of which the retreat of the enemy would be cut off, and a surrender necessarily follow. When the col. had succeeded in the commencement of his operations, and saw numbers flying to the neck, he expected they would have been stopt there; but was surprised at observing the contrary, and that the occupancy of the ground had not taken place. Unhappily the general, upon landing, instead of keeping to the plan proposed, marched seven miles toward the forts, which occasioned a loss of time, and increased the fatigue of the troops, many of whom had marched near upon twenty miles to the place where they crossed. Their fatigue occasioned several dropping behind, and being picked up by the enemy. The colonel having captured 130 privates and some officers, and having taken a king's shallop,put. them on board and sent them off to Elizabeth-Town. Theperson who had the care of them, being but an indifferent hand, though the best that could be spared, was not sufficiently attentive to circumstances, so that the boats which were to have attended, general Sullivan's motions, and which had transported his division, rowed off, the boatmen concluding from the regimentals of the prisoners upon deck and other appearances, that the king's shallop was in pursuit of them. The troops of that division destroyed some stores, burnt a magazine of hay and seven vessels, and did other damage; but the grand design of the expedition failed by the general's varying from the plan concerted between him and the colonel. When the general was advancing tovjrard the ground occupied by the latter, no horsemen were sent forward to reconnoitre or to inform the colonel of the general's approach, so that Ogden was at a loss for some time whether it was a friend or an enemy that was marching up to him.When the general joined him, though the boats which were to have attended Sullivan were wanting, and the deficiency in number of those present, made dispatch in transporting the troops absolutely necessary, the general used no expedition in getting them over, but loitered away the precious time that should have been improved to the utmost, so that the misfortune of the day was-jnereased. The rear-guard, consisting of a hundred men,' could not get off before the enemy appeared in force to attack them. They were commanded by majors Steward and Tillard, and took post on an eminence, where they defended themselves bravely for a while, and then retreated to another eminence, and so to a third. They maintained their ground with great valor, till their ammunition was all spent, when a number of them) who could not possibly get off, surrendered prisoners of'
war. The Americans lost in the course of the day, in killed, wounded and prisoners, about 200. The killed, wounded and risoners on the other side, might be nearly the same. Generał §. captured eight and twenty tories, and col. or capt. Barton, who was too unwieldy to run off with his comrades. He joined to them the other prisoners, and sent the whole to Philadelphia in triumph. While upon the expedition, the genz gained possession of some records and papers belonging to the Quakers, which, with a letter, were forwarded to congress, and referred to a committee. On the 28th of August, the committee reported, “That the several testimonies which have been published since the commencement of the present contest betwixt Great-Britain and America, and the uniform tenor of the conduct and conversation of a number of persons of considerable wealth, who profess themselves to belong to the society of people commonly called Quakers, render it certain and notorious, that those persons are with much rancor and bitterness disaffected to the American cause ; that as these persons will have it in their power, so there is no doubt it will be their inclination, to communicate intelligence to the enemy, and in various other ways to injure the counsels and arms of America; that when the ened my, in the month of December, 1776, were bending their progress toward the city of Philadelphia, a certain seditious publieation, addressed “To our friends and brethren in religious pros fession, in these and the adjacent provinces, signed John-Pemberton, in and on behalf of the meeting of sufferings, held at Philadelphia, for Pennsylvania and New-Jersey, the twenty-sixth of the twelfth month, 1776,” was published, and as your com: mittee is credibly informed, circulated amongst many members of the society called Quakers, throughout the different states; that as the seditious paper aforesaid, originated in the city of Philadelphia; and as the persons whose names are undermentioned, have uniformly manifested a disposition highly iminaical to the cause of America, therefore—Resolved, That it be earnestly recommended to the supreme executive council of the state of Pennsylvania, forthwith to apprehend and secure the persons of Joshua Fisher, Abel James, James Pemberton, Henry Drinker, Israel Pemberton, John Pemberton, John James, Samuel Pleasants, Thomas Wharton, sen. Thomas Fisher, son of Joshua and Samuel Fisher, son of Joshua, together with all such papers in their possession, as may be of a political nature.” .-“And whereas there is strong reason to apprehend that these persons maintain a correspondence and connection highly prejudicial to the public safety, not only in this state, but in these: veral states of America—Resolved, That it be recommended ** tg
«o the executive powers of the respective states, forthwith t» apprehend aad secure all persons, as well among the people ^called Quakers as others, who have in their general conduct aad conversation evidenced a disposition inimical to the cause pf America; and that the persons so seized, be confined in sbch places and treated in such manner, as shall be consistent with their respective characters and security of their persons; that the records and papers of the meetings of sufferings in the respective states, be forthwith secured and carefully examined, «nd that such parts of them as may be of a political nature, be forthwith transmitted to congress. The said report being read, and the several paragraphs considered and debated, and the (question put severally thereon, the same was agreed to." "Ordered, That the board of war remove under guard, to a place of security out of the state of Pennsylvania, the hyn. John Perni, esq: and Benjamin Chew, esq. and that they give orders for having them safely secured, and entertained agreeable to their rank and station in life." ,.' -.
A number of Quakers beside those mentioned, together with several persons of a different denomination, were taken up by. the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania, concerning whom congress resolved on the 8th of September, "That it be recommended to the said council, to order the. immediate de-» parture_of such of the said prisoners as refuse to swear or affirm allegiance to the state of Pennsylvania, to Stanton, in (August* county) Virginia."
Eight days before, on the last of August, a member of con-« gcess, writing upon public affairs, thus, expressed himself, "Th» frauds, the peculations, the profusion, which have done us more injury than the whole force of our foreign enemies, have been chiefly owing to the want of government and the want of discipline. Howe has planned his operations in such a manner aft to give us a vast advantage both of him and Burgoyne."
Reports prejudicial to gen. Sullivan were, circulated, upon which congress resolved, on the first of the month, "ThatgenWashington be directed to appoint a court of enquiry on the. late expedition by gen. Sullivan, against the British forces on Staten-lsland." The statement of the particulars enquired into, was so formed that he obtained an honorable •acquittal, such as was highly pleasing to congress; but had major Joseph Bloomfield been enough recovered of his wound to have attended the court, he would scarce have escaped so well.. - •■
Let us resume the transactions of Sir W. Howe and gen. \y ashington. Sir William was so distressed for want of horses (numbers having died on their, passage) and of other neccss*rif*,.
to aid his march, that it was not till the third of September that the royal army moved forward. On its advancing near to the Americans, these abandoned their ground, perceiving that it would not answer their first expectation; crossed the Brandywine at Chad's Ford, and took possession of the heights on the east side of it, with an evident intention of disputing the passage of the river. Upon an apprehension that the royal forces would attempt crossing at Chad's Ford, gen. Washington posted his main strength at that point; and gen. Maxwell with about 1000 light troops, was sent over to possess himself of the opposite height; and in the night of the 10th, they formed a slight breast-work with limbs of trees. - ... [Sept. 11.] By day-break the next morning, the British army advances in two columns; the right under the command of gen. Knyphausen, which marches directly for Chad's Ford. A party is moved on to dislodge Maxwell, which he repulses; they are reinforced, and come on a second time without succeeding. On this a strong detachment is sent round a piece of woods to come upon his flank, while the other attack him anew in front. Perceiving this movement, he retreats across the river with a trifling loss. Gen. Knyphausen keeps up a cannonade, and an appearance of forcing the ford, till he shall hear that the left column has attacked the Americans, and then he means to attempt it. This second column, under the command of lord Cornwallis, generals Grey, Matthews and Agnew, marches for the forks of the Brandywine. The movement is early observed. Gen. Sulhivan writes to the commander in chief, that it is clearly his opinion, that the enemy will come round on their right flank. He sends him two messengers in the forenoon confirming the same. Lient. col. James Ross forwards, at eleven o’clock, from GreatValley road, this intelligence—“A large body of the enemy, from every account five thousand, with sixteen or eighteen fieldpieces, marched along this road just now. Their front must be now at the ford; we are close in their rear, with about seventy men. I believe general Howe is with this party, as Joseph Galloway was here known by the inhabitants, with many of whom he spoke, and told them that general Howe was with him.” Other accounts corroborating the movement of the second column toward the forks, gen. Washington settles it with #. Greene, that he shall cross with his division, at the lower ord, and attack gen. Knyphausen. He at the same time sends word to Sullivan to cross the Brandywine with his, and fall upon the enemy's left, while the army crosses below to attack their right. The commander in chief hopes, by defeating Knyphausen, to secure those advantages which will outweigh any that - ..gen.