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INDEX

ABERCROMBIE, extracts from, 53 China, British intercourse with, 250

Abstruse speculations, unsuitableness Christening of Queen Elizabeth, ac.

of, 176

count of, 16

Acrid lumes, effects of exposure of the Christian Evidences, easy lessons on,

eye to, 198

XIII., 22, XIV., 46

Active life, enjoyments of an, 107 Christian discrimination, 118

Addison, selection from, 196

Christianity, effects of, in a dying

Advantage of a good judgment, 8

hour, 173

Advantages of a taste for Natural Church, the village, 16

History, 62

Churches of Modern Rome, 167

book, 112

Churchill, lines by, 223

Albige ases, the, IV., 89-V., 153 Cicada, and its organs of voice, 200

Alison, extracts from, 95, 134, 214 City of Rome, account of, viI., 73

Allard, General, account of, 239

Cloth-wool, manufacture of, 196

Amaurosis, case of, 158

Cloyne, town of, 241

Amusements in Science, V., 31-VI., Cod Fishery, Dutch, 152

48-VII., 89–VIII., 92

Coincidences respecting the harmony

Ancient office of Purveyor to the King, of inharmonious sounds, 115

190

Compassion, 117

history, voyages related in, 202 Connexion between the body and soul,

Ancients, navigation of the, 33

Anderson, S. M., selection from. 238 Coronation Anecdotes, I., 231--II., 244

Anger, evils of indulgiog, 219

Coronations, Chapters on, I., 220-II.,

Aphorism, 136

The Regalia, 235

Apple-trees, presei vation of, 219 Creation, knowledge of, 53

April Day, 131

Crickets, natural history of, 133

Apteryx, the, 129

Criticism, difference between shallow

Aqueducts, Roman, 75

and false, 216

Arithmetic, 31

Crocus, vernal and autumnal, 96

Arnott's Stove, 116

Crusade against the Albigeuses, 89,153

Arsenic, nature, uses, and effects of, 86

Artificial pearls, different kinds of, 155 Dangers of moral sentiment, 214

Arts, the useful, No. XXXIV., 141- Davy, Sir H., extracts from, 239

No. XXXV., 179- No. XXXVI., Deity, proofs of, 184

187-No. XXXVII., 223

Dispersion of seeds, on the, 182

Astronomy, 88

Doctrine of Materialism, 238

Popular, 121

Dunloh Castle, 83

Atmosphere, the, 21

Dutch Fisheries, I,, 102--11., 152

Autumnal and rernal crocus, 96

Whale-fishery, 218

Bacon, Lord, selection from, 32 Early history of Moses, 84

Barrow, extract from, 62

Earth, how clothed with plants, 141

Baths of Titus, 73

Education of Queen Elizabeth, 57

Beattie, lines by, 214

Eel, the, 23

Beauty, oval the elementary form of, Effects of Arsenic on the human body,

176

87

Bell, extracts from, 199, 214

Christianity at the hour of

Bells, use and manufacture of, 7

death, 173

Beloved object, on the loss of a, 232 Egypt, plagues of, 103, 132

Bernese Oberland, account of, 217 Ehrenfels, castle of, 107

Bible, illustrations of the, from the Mo. Elephant, head of the, 214

numents of Antiquity, VI., 11- Elizabeth, Queen, her progresses and

VII., 23-VIII., 60—İX., 84-X., public processions, 1., 2–11., 17-

108-XI., 132–XII., 148–XIII., 111., 57-IV., 97_V., 145—Ví., 225

180-XIV., 228

England, salubrity of, 6

Biographical notice of Sir John Pas. Enjnyments of an active life, 107

toll, 209

Esculent Swallow, 248

Birth and childhood of Queen Eliza- Evelyn, epitaph of, by himself, 184

beth, 17

Excellence the reward of labour, 27

Bishops of Chester, list of eminent, 170 Exchange, Royal, account of, 50

Black-lead mine at Keswick, 110 Exodus o: the Jews from Egypt, 148

pencil, history of, 109 Exposure of the eye to acrid fumes,

Blair, selection from, 117

effects of, 198

Blind, School for, 30

Eye-sight, employments which injure,

Body and soul, connexion between, 147 I., 92-11., 117-III., 159 IV.,

Book, advantages of a, 112

174V., 199-VI., 292-VII., 230

Boyle, selections from, 53, 219

Brevity, virtue of, 83

Fastolf, Sir John, biographical notice

Brewster, Sir D., extracts from, 223

of, 209

Brief history of Navigation, I., 33 Feather of a Peacock, 95

British China Trade, opening of the, Females, head-dresses of, 186

255

Fisheries, the Dutch, 102, 152, 218

Bryant, lines by, 143

Flowers, phosphoric light emitted by,

Burke, selections from, 173

183

Halford, Sir H., selection from, 173

Hatfield, residence of the Princess

Elizabeth at, 225

Hawke, statue of Admiral, at Cloyne,

243

Head of the elephant, 214

Head-dresses of females, 186

Heart, the human, 6

Heavenly bodies, theories explanatory

of the motions of, 123

wisdom, evidences of, 48

Heavens, appearance of the, 122

Heidelberg, castle of, I., 9-11., 24

Herring-fishery, account of, 102

Herschel, Sir J., extracts from, 62, 112

Hogarth, extract from, 187

Honour, who worthy of, 117

Horse, foot of a, 115

Horsley, Bishop, selection from, 176

House I live in, V., 100-VI., 245

Human hand, formation of, 199

Human frame, number of bones and

joints in, 245

Illustrations of the Bible from the Mo-

numents of Antiquity, VI, ll-

VII., 28—VIII., 60-IX., 54-X.,

108-XI., 132—XII., 140—XIII.,

180—XIV., 228

Imagination, on reading works of, 53

Indigent Blind, visit to the school for,

30

Inharmonious sounds, coincidences

respecting the harmony of, 115

Instances of longevity, 6

Invention of the microscope and tele.

scope, 183

Irresolution, 24

Israelites, establishment of, in the

land of Goshen, 11

bondage of in Egypt, 28

Jews, modern, 22, 46

Johannesberg, account of, 193

Johnson, selections from, 144, 219

Joiner, the, 223

Joy, selections from, 107

Judgment, advantage of good, 8

Keswick, black-lead mine at, 110

Killarney, Lakes of, VI., 81-VII., 137

-yill., 177

town of, 82

King, ancient office of Purveyor to

the, 190

Knowledge of Creation, 53

pleasure of acquiring, 93

on the uses of, 134

Lahore, some account of, 239, 247

Lakes of Killarney, VI., 81–VII., 137

-VIII., 177

Lamprey, the, 172

Lava of Mount Vesuvius, 198

Lessons on Christian Evidences, XIII.,

22-XIV., 46

Letters of Queen Elizabeth, 58, 99, 146

Life-boat, the, 20

Life, how best enjoyed, 107

Light, phosphoric, emitted by flowers,

183

Limited power of man, 186

Lines to a waterfowl, 143

Locke, selection from, 94

London, warning voice in, 192

Longevity, instances of, 6

Loss of a beloved object, lines on, 232

Macao, occupation of, by the British,

Masonry, process of, 141

Materialism, doctrine of, 238

Microscope, invention of the. 183

Miriam, literal version of the song of,

228

Mode of preparing Olive Oil, 44, 68

Modern Rome, churches of, 167

relics of Paganism in,

168

Jews, 22, 46

Monsoons, the, 207

Monuments of Antiquity, illustrations

of the Bible from, 11, 28, 60, 84,

108, 132, 148, 180, 228

Moral sentiment, dangers of, 214,

Morality, necessity of attention to,

Morning Sounds, 214

Moses, early history of, 84

Mount Vesuvius, lava of, 198

Music, 187

Naples, revolution of, 41, 65

Natural History of Crickets, 135

advantages of a taste

for, 62

- Philosophy, recreations in,

212
Nature and Revelation, books ol, 112

the image of God, 176

Navigation, brief history of, I., 33—

Navigation of the Ancients, 33—

Rudiments of, to the formation of

the boat, 33–Tbe sail, 35-Rud.

der, anchor, cables, ship's name,

&c., 36 - War and merchants'

ships, 37-Ancient voyage, 39

II., 201-Causes of the romance

of ancient naval history, 2014

Voyages related in naval history,

fears of the ancient mariners, 202

-Romance of ancient navigation,
as induced by the desire of mono.
poly in trade, 206-The monsoons;
a knowledge of the earth increased
by navigation, 207—The watch.
tower or light-house, erected by
Ptolemy Soter, in the Isle of Pha.

ros, 208
Nests of Wasps, 215
Newton, Sir 1., selection from, 184
Notes on Forest Trees, XXI., Great-

flowered Magnolia, 112-XXIII.,
The Mangrove, 144-XXIV., The

Camphor Tree, 184

Oberland, Bernese, 217

Obligations, pleasure of conferring, 230

Olive Tree, history of, I., 4-II., 68

Organs of Sight, popular description

of, 92

Origin of Coronations, 220
Otter, Bishop, extract from, 198
Oval, the elementary form of beauty,

176

Foot of a horse, 115

Cabinet-making, woods used in, 173 Forest-trees, notes on, 112, 144
Caister Castle, ruins of, 209

Formation of the human hand, 199
Camera Lucida, 120

Frost-fair on the River Thames, 54

Obscura, the, 72

Functions of the eye, 117

Camphor-tree, the, 184

Funeral Rites of the Greco-Russian

Canton, some account of, III., 249– Church, 150, 157

Hongs or Factories, 249-Com.

merce, 250 - British intercourse Geometry, 48, 92

with China. 250—- Its early history, Gipsies, their resemblance to the Jews,

251-Occupation of Macao by the 46

British, 253-Disputes of 1829 and Glass-making, 60

1830, 254-Opening of the British Glasses, on the customary use of, 222,

China Trade, 255

230

Carpenter, the, 179, 187, 223

Glow-worm, the, 240

Case of amaurosis, 158

God, Nature the image of, 176

Castle of Heidelberg. 1., 9.-II., 24 -existence of, proved by his works,

Causes by which the Eye-sight is im-

184

paired, 118

Good judgment, advantage of a, 8

Celestial Bodies, contemplation of Great-flowered magnolia, 112

the, 219

Greco-Russian Church, ceremonies of

Ceremonies of the Greco-Russian 150, 157'

Church, 150, 157

Guilt not compatible with real happi.

Chalmers, extracts from, 128, 136

ness, 215

Chestor Cathedral, aecount of, 170 Gun-flints, manufacture of, 96

182, 253

Macculloch, selections from, 83, 95,

115, 117, 119, 141

Macgillicuddy's Reeks, Killarney, 137

Magic Lantern and Phantasmagoria,

104

Magnolia, great Nowered, 112,

Man, frailty of, 6

limited power of, 186

Mangnall, lines by, 152

Mangrove, the, 144

Mankind, proof of the common origin

of, 224

proper study of, 238

Mant, Bishop, selections from, 52, 118

Manufacture of Bells, 7

Gun-Nints, 96

Mariners, means of saving shipwrecked,

20

Masaniello, story of, 41, 65

Paley, selection from, 21

Papists, barbarities committed by, on

the Albigenses, 91, 154

Parr, selections from, 6

Pascal, selections from, 176

Peaceable temper and carriage,, on,

62

Peacock, feather of, 95

Pearls, mode of forming artificial, 155

Pens, history of Quill, 14

Steel, 63

Perseverance, results of, 219

Phantasmagoria and Magic Lantern,

104

Pharos, watch-tower of, 208
Phosphoric light emitted by flowers,

183

Pictures, Scripture, 130

Placentia, the ancient palace of, 19

Plagues of Egypt, 108, 132

Planetary System, lines descriptive of,

152

Planets, form of the orbits of, 127

Plants, perpetuation of, 119

Pleasure of acquiring knowledge, 95

Pope, liges by, 160

Popular Astronomy, I., Introduction,

121-General appearance of the

heavens, 199—Theories to explain

the motions of the heavenly boilies,

123—Form of the orbits of the

planets, 127

Pottery and glass-making. 60

Poverty, what properly is be called,

157
Power of man, the limitech 186
Preservation of apple-trees, 219
Processes by which the earth is clothed

with plauts, 141
Productious, vegetable, of various cli.

aiates, 52 Progresses and Processions of Queen

Elizabeth, I., 2-11.,17–111,, 57

-IV., 97-V., 145
Promptitude, advantages of, 52
Purveyor to the king, arcient office of,

190

Quarles, lines by, 100
Queen Elizabeth, education of, 57

progresses and pro. cessions of, 1., 2-11., 17-11, 57

-IV., 97–V., 145 Quill-pen, history of, 14 Keading, true use of, 32

taste for, 62

works of imagination, on, 53 Recreations in Natural Philosophy,

212 Regalia of England, account of, 235 Religion, how displayed to mankind, 94

the source of all good, 173

true spirit of, 196
Religious habit, necessity of a, 63
Revolution of Naples, 41, 65
Revolutions of the seasons, 94
Reynolds, Sir J., selections from, 27.

216
Rheingau, produce of the, 106
Rhine, the, V., 105—VI., 193

wines of the, 193 River Thames, frost-fair on, 54

Romance of ancient naval history, Shuttleworth, selections from, 69
causes of the, 201

Sight, description of organs of, 99
Rome, some account of, VII., 73 Simon de Montfort, his crusade against

Baths of Titus, 73-Seven Halls the Albigenses, 89, 153
of Vespasian, 74-Aqueducts, 75 Siphon, description of the, 212
-Forum of Trajan, 76— Pillar, or Smith, Adam, selection from, 144
Column, of Trajau, 77–Mole of

Charlotte, lines by, 940
Hadrian, or Castle of St. Angelo, Somerville, Mrs., selections from, 224
78--VIII., 161-Ilistory of St. · Song of the Bell," by Schiller, ex-
Peter's, 161-Approaeh, Colon. tracts from, 8
nade, and Front, 162–Descrip- Sonnet, by Queen Elizabeth, 147
tiou of interior, 162-The Dome, Soul and body, connexion between, 147
166 — Illumiuations of, 167 Specks in the eye, fixed or floating, 159
Churches of Modern Rome, 167– Steel pens, history of, 63
Relics of Paganism in, 168

Steele, selection from, 8
Royal Exchange, account of, 50 Stomach, the, 6
Ruins of Caister Castle, 209

Story of Masaniello, I., 41-11., 65
Runjeet Singh, account of, 239, 247 Stove, description of Dr. Arnott's, 116
Russia, VIII., 150-IX., 137

Swallow, the esculent, 248

System, the planetary, 152
St. Angelo, castle of, 78
St. Peter's, Rome, history of, 161 Taste for reading, 62
Salubrity of England, 6

natural history, advantages
School for Indigent Blind, visit to, 30 of, 62
Science, amusements in, V., Arith- Telescope, invention of the, 183

metic, 31-VI., Geometry, 48 Temper, on a peaceable, 62
VII. Astronomy, 88-VIII., Geo. Thames, frost-fair on the, 54
metry, 99

Thermometer stove, 115
Scott, Sir W, selections from, 144, 215 Thomson, lines by, 213
Scripture pictures, 130

Tillotson, selections from, 23, 27
Seasons, the, I., Winter, 71

Titus, baths of, 73
revolutions of the, 94

Tobacco employed in counteracting
Seeds, on the dispersion of, 182

the effects of arsenic, 87
Sell-love, lives on, 160

Tower, confinement of the Princess
Seven days, ancient division of time Elizbeth in, 146
into, 224

Trajan, pillar or column of, 77
Shipwrecked marivers, means of sa- True use of reading, 32
ving. 20

Trusler, selectious from, 183
Short, or Cloth Wool, manufacture of, Twilight, 140

196

Use or bells, 7
Useful Arts, XXXIV., Masonry, 141

-XXXV., The Carpenter, 17%
XXXVI., 187- XXXVII., Car.

penter and Joiner, 223
Uses of Knowledge, 134
Vegetable productions of various cli.

mates, 52
Vernal and autumnal crocus. 96
Vesuvius. Lava of Mount, 198
Village church, lines on, 16
Visit to the School for Indigent Blind,

30
Voyage, an ancient, 39
War and merchant ships, 37
Warning voice in London, 192
Waxps, uests of, 215
Waterfowl, lines to a, 143
Waterton, extracts from, 219
Watson, selections from, 112
Whewell, extracts from, 183, 186. 230
Whale fishery, Durch, 218
White (of Selborne), extract from, 135
Wigs and Head-dresses, 1., 114-11,

159—III., 196
Wines of the Rhine, 133
Wither, lines by, 232
Wood, extracts from, 62
Woouls, description of various faney,

173
Woollen Manufacture, III., 196
Works of Imagination, on reading. 53
Writing Materials, history of, 14, 63,

109
Wye and Monmouthshire, I., 233
Youth, the time of enterprise, 144,

INDEX TO THE ENGRAVINGS.

AMMox, figure of, 108
Cot, tife preserving, 20%

Rularuey, view on the Upper Lake, 177 Round tower at Cloyne, 241
Ampulla, ihe, 236
Conrt-yard of Heidelberg Castle, 9 King Edward's chair, 936

Royal Exchange, London, 49
Anatomical Illustrations, 100, 101 Crowns, various specimens of, 237

Ruins of Caister Castle, 209 Ancient German King, elevatiou of, Crussol, castle of, 153

Lamprey, the sea, 179 221 Cymbals, sacred dances with, 298 Lazzaroni of Naples, 41

Sacred dances with cymbals, 928 picture of an Egyptian ship,

Life-boat, the, 20

&nxon pen and inkstaud, 15 34 Diagrams illustrative of Geometry, 92

Seal of Minerva, 45 rowing ooat, 33 Dunloh Castle, Killarney, 81

Macgillicuddy's Reeks, from Aghadoe, Seven Halls of Vespasian, remains of, ship, showing the siga or

137

80
image at the prow, 37
Last view of Heidelberg Castle, 25

Magic lantern, diagrams illustrative of Sharp-nosed Eel, 24
Egyptian casket, 61
Eels, various species of, 24

the, 104

Ship. Athenian, 38 Roman coins, representations Egyptian ladies, head-dresses of, 185 Magnolia, great-flowered, 112

Ships at sea, 122 of war-galleys on, 204

altar table, with low ls, bread,
Mangrove, the, 144

rostra and heads of ancient, 205 Anglo-Saxon pen and inkstanıl, 15

fruit, &c., 12
Masonry. diagram to illustrate the

Siphov, diagrams illustrative of the Animal worship and sacrifices of the

pottery-float, 33
mode or joining stones in, 141

uses of, 212, 213 Egyptians, 133

casket, 61

Mice Tower and Castle of Ehrenfels, Soig Eel, 24
Antique seal of Minerva, 45

fisherman in a boat of the
105

Solar system, 121
Apteryx Australis, 129

papyrus, 65
Minerva, antique seal of, 45

Somerset House, old, 225
Ashridge Abbey, in the time of Queen

confectioners preparing

Minerve, castlü of, Languedoc, 89 St. Peter's, view of the exterior of, 161 Elizabeth, 97

sweetmrats, 148
Moulding a large Bell, Ś

interior of, 165 Athenian ship, ears and eyes of, 38 Ehrenfels, castle of, 105

Storing the corn in the royal granaBalance, ancient Egyptian, 149 Elevation of an ancient German king, Naples: Lazzaroni of, 41

ries, Egypt, 13

Neapolitan Lazzaroni, children of the Sun-dials, diagrams for constructing, Bell, moulding a large, 8 Elizabeth, Queen, in one of her pro.

65

88 Bible, illustrations of, from the monu- gresses, borne by six gentlemen,

Swallow, the esculent, 248 ments of ancient Egypt, 12, 13, and atteuded by her court, 1

Old Somerset-House, 225 28, 29, 60, 61, 85, 108, 132, 133, 148, Esculent Swallow. 248

Olive-tree, 44

Thames, Frost-fair on the, 56
149, 181, 182
Exterior of St. Peter's, at Rome, 161
Olive press, 69

Thermometer stove, figure of, 116 Bird's-eye view of an Egyptian table,

Oval, diagrams elucidating the pro- Tiber, view on the, 73 149 Falchion, ancient Egyptian, 181

perties of the, 176

Tools employed in making gun-fints, Broad-nosed Eel, 24

96
Female musicians, choir of, 229

Pen and inkstand, Anglo-Saxon, 15
Floating-tower, ancient, 40

Trajan, pillar or columu of, 77 Caister Castle, ruins of, 209

Pharos, watch-tower of, 208
Fort on the river, near Canton, 249

Triumphal arch at Canton, 256
Camera Obscura, illustrations of the, 72
Frost-fair on the River Thames, 56

Pillar, or Columu, of Trajan, 77 Twilight, diagram to illustrate the proLucida, illustrations of the, 120

Placentia, palace of, at Greenwich, 17 duction of, 140 Camplior-tree, leaf and fruit of the, Galley, from a painting at Hercules

Pole axe, ancient Egyptian, 181 Tychonic system, 195 184

Pottery-float, Egyptian, 33
Canton, triumphal arch at, 256

neum, 36
Ptolemaic system, 124

Vassal king of Persia, investiture of, fort on the river near, 249 Geometry, diagrams illustrative of. 48

220 Carpentry, diagrams illustrative of,

German King, elevation of an ancient, Queen Elizabeth, borne by six gentle-Vespasian, remains of the seven balls 188, 189, 294 221

of, 80 Chair, King Edward's, 236 Grecian ladies, head-dresses of, 185

costume 0., when Chariot, charioteer, and warrior, EgypGreenwich, palace of Placentia at, 17

young, 57

War-galleys on ancient Roman coins, tian, 180

Grig pel, 24
Gun flints, tools employed in making. Quivers, ancient Egyptian, 180

Queen's crown and circlet, 237
Chester Cathedral, 169

representations of, 204

Wasps, nests of various species of, Children of the Neapolitan lazzaroni, 96

216 65

Remains of the Seven Halls of Vespa. Watch tower of Pharos, 208
Choir of female musicians, 220
Heidelberg Castle, court-yard of, 9

pastan, 80

Wigs and head dresses, various spe. Cicada, the, 200

east view of, 25

Rhayadyr Bridge, Monmouthshire, 233 cimet s, of, 113, 160, 184 Cloyne, round tower at, 241

Roman war-galley, ancient, 10

Wool-carding engine, 197
Common wasp, section of the nest of,
Interior of St. Peter's, Rome, 165

Jadies, head-dresses of, 184 Woodstock Castle, 145 216

Rope, sbot, and shells, to be used in World, general features of, according Costume of Queen Elizabeth when Johannesberg Castle, 193

cases of shipwreck, 21

10 the geographers just before the young, 57

Jungfrau und Wengen Alps, 217 Rostia and heads of ancient ships, 203 Christian era, 20

men, 1

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Queen Elizabeth in one of her Progresses, borne by sıx Gentlemen, and attended by her Court

VOL. XII.

354

QUEEN ELIZABETII ; HER PROGRESSES Bohun, a writer of the seventeenth century, the AND PUBLIC PROCESSIONS.

scheme of her progresses is thus explained :No. I...

In the Summer she for the most part lived in the coun

trey; and she took her royal progresses into the several INTRODUCTION.

counties of England, and she would amuse herself with It was remarked in the last century by Bishop Percy, considering and commending the pleasantness and goodness that the splendour and magnificence of Elizabeth's of her country, and the greatness and variety of the fruits reign are nowhere more strongly painted than in the England produced; she would also admire the wisdom and

goodness of God in diversifying the face of the earth, by little diaries which have come down to us of some of ihe mixture of fields, meadows, pastures, and woods; and her Progresses, or Summer excursions to the houses she would, as occasion offered, hunt too. In all this she of her nobility. It may be added with equal truth, was intent upon that which was her main business, the that nowhere do we meet with more interesting and government of her people, the management of her family instructive illustrations of the manners and taste of and of her revenues, and the observing the state and conthat age—an age which, for many reasons, has always and princes. Which way soever she went, she was sure to

dition, the carriage and designs, of the neighbour states been particularly attractive to Englishmen. The same draw upon her the eyes of her people: innumerable crowds learned and accomplished prelate likewise observed of them met her in all places with loud hearty acclamations, that a more acceptable present could not be given to with countenances full of joy, and hearts equally filled with the world than a republication of a select number of love and admiration : and this ever attended her in publick the most interesting accounts,—such as those relating and in private: for what sight in this world can possibly to the entertainments which the Earl of Leicester please mortals like that of a just, beneficent, and kind

prince? So that those places were accounted the most gave the Queen at Kenilworth Castle in 1575, or to happy, in which, for the goodness of the air or the pleasantthat which the Earl of Hertford gave her Majesty at ness of the fields, she was pleased to stay the longest. Elvetham, in 1591. Several years have now elapsed since the desideratum then pointed out in our litera, and condescension during these journeys, and the

He then proceeds to describe her extreme affability ture, was more than supplied by the able research and effect thereof upon her people :indefatigable industry of Mr. Nichols, who published, in three quarto volumes, all the accounts which he private persons and magistrates, men and women, country

In her progress she was the most easy to be approached; could collect from original contemporary manuscripts, people and children, came joyfully, and without any fear, to or from scarce pamphlets, &c., concerning the pro. wait upon her and see her. Her ears were then open to gresses, public processions, and other ceremonials the complaints of the afflicted, and of those that had been which occurred in the reign of this celebrated queen. any way injured. She would not suffer the meanest of her Valuable, however, as were the labours of Mr. people to be shut out from the places where she resided, Nichols, his work is rather a book of reference, or

but the greatest and the least were then in a manner

levelled. She took with her own hand, and read with the collection of authentic records and documents, than greatest goodness, the petitions of the meanest rusticks : a narrative digested from the materials which he had and she would frequently assure them that she would take amassed; its character, therefore, no less than its a particular care of their affairs, and she would ever be as bulk, renders it not very well fitted to the general good as her word. She, by her royal authority, protected reader. Under these circumstances, we deem that those that were injured and oppressed: she punished the we shall be offering an acceptable present, in the fraudulent, false, perfidious, and wicked. In all this variety phrase of Bishop Percy, to our readers, in furnishing an equal and uninterrupted serenity and humanity to all

of affairs she was able to keep her temper, and appear with them with a series of papers, descriptive of the pro- that came nigh her; she was never seen angry with the gresses of Queen Elizabeth, her public processions, most unseasonable or uncourtly approach: she was never and such other similar matters as tend to illustrate offended with the most impudent and importunate petitioner. the taste and manners which prevailed in our country There was no commotion to be seen in her mind; no reduring her reign.

proaches, no reprehensions came from her. Nor was there The practice of making progresses in different the hearts of the people than this her wonderful facility,

anything in the whole course of her reign that more won parts of her kingdom, is a striking feature in the condescension, and the strange sweetness and pleasantness plan of popularity which Elizabeth seems to have with which she entertained all that came to her. Thus, followed from the beginning of her reign. The spirit for the most part, she spent her Summer. of the times encouraged those splendid recreations, When Queen Mary died, on the 17th of November, when the habits and amusements of the great pos- 1558, Elizabeth was at Hatfield. On the 23rd of sessed so different a character from that which they November, she made a magnificent progress from have in more modern times. To show the impression thence to the Charter-house in London ; which was which these progresses made upon the people generally the prelude to her passage through the city from the we shall first quote the words of a contemporary poet, Tower to Westminster, on the 13th of January followwho was one of Elizabeth's gentlemen pensioners,—we ing, the day before her coronation. In the Summer of mean Puttenham, whose Arte of English Poesie has 1559, she made an excursion from Greenwich to Dartsecured the transmission of his name to our days. In ford and Cobham, and afterwards to Eltham, Nonsuch, one of his poems in praise of the Queen, he thus and Hampton Court. In 1560, she went in progress addresses her:

to Winchester and Basing. In the third year of her Thou that besydes forreyne affayres

reign, 1561, she began her progress through Essex, Canst tend to make yerely repayres, By Sommer progresse and by sporte,

Suffolk, and Hertfordshire; and on her return, she To shire and towne, citye and porte,

passed from Hertford Castle through Enfield, IslingTo view and compasse all thye lande,

ton, and over St. Giles in the Fields (which did not And take the bills with thine own hande

then belie its name,) to St. James. In 1563, she Of clowne and earle, of knight and swayne, received the congratulations of the Eton scholars at Who list to thee for right complayne,

Windsor Castle, and in the next year, those of the
And therin dost such justice yeelde,
As in thy sexo folke see but seelde;

University of Cambridge at King's College. In 1564
And thus to do arte less afrayde,

likewise, she went into Huntingdonshire and LeicesWith houshold trayne, a syllye mayde,

tershire ; in 1565, to Coventry, and the year following Than thyne anncestours one of tenne

to Oxford, in compliment to Dudley, Earl of Leicester, Durst do with troopes of armed men.

then Chancellor of that University; and to Burghley, In the Character of Queen Elizabeth, by Edward on a visit to her Treasurer, the great Cecil. In 1567, she was in Berkshire, Surrey, and Hampshire ; in sixty-eighth year. In 1600, also, and the following 1568, in Kent, Essex, Hertfordshire, and Northamp- year, she made progresses into Surrey, Hampshire, tonshire ; in 1569, in Surrey and Hampshire. In Wiltshire, and Berks; and in 1602, she made short 1570, Elizabeth went into the city again, to honour visits from the capital into Middlesex and Kent. In Sir Thomas Gresham on the occasion of his building the year 1603, she closed her reign and life. the Royal Exchange; she was likewise entertained The Puritans in Elizabeth's time, condemned much by him in 1573, at his mansion at Mayfield in Sussex ; of the gaiety and splendour of the court, but the queen and some time between 1577 and 1579 at his house was exhorted from the poetical press, not to regard at Osterley near London. In 1571, she visited their objections. The poet and gentleman pensioner, Hunsdon House, which had formerly been her nursery, George Puttenham, in a poem, or rather collection of and which she gave to her first cousin, Henry Cary, poems, styled Partheniades, which he devoted as a new whom she had created Baron Hunsdon. On May- year's gift to the Queen in 1579, has some lines writday, 1572, she was entertained at Greenwich, with ten for the purpose of maintaining “agaynste the many warlike feats, by the citizens of London ; the Puritantes," that “amonge men many thinges be coming of the French ambassadors in the same allowed of necessitye, many for ornament, which year, was the occasion of great festivities, and after cannot be misliked nor well spared, without blemishe their departure, the Queen proceeded on a progress to the cyvile life;" and that “all auncyent courtly into Essex, Kent, Herts, Bedfordshire, to Kenilworth, usages, devised as well for the publique intertaynWarwick, Reading, Windsor, and Hampton Court; ments, as for other private solaces and disportes," are at which last place, about the end of September, she “not scandalously evill or vicious." The muse Cal. fell ill of the small-pox. In 1573, she passed through liope, addressing the Queen, recounts a list a part of Surrey and Sussex, and honoured many ties which must result from adopting the obnoxious places in Kent with her presence. She visited Arch- principles : bishop Parker at Croydon; and seems to have intended

Deny honoure to dignity paying him another visit in 1574; in which year

And triumphe to just victorie also, she was amused at Bristol with the regular siege

Pull puissance from soverayntie of a fort; was entertained by the Earl of Pembroke at

And credit from authoritee Wilton, and visited the city of New Sarum.

From holy-dayes and fro weddinges In 1575, the Queen made a progress through the

Minstrells and feasts and robes and ringes

Take fro kinges courtes intertaynments; counties of Northampton, Oxford, and Worcester ;

From ladyes riche habillimentes : and it was during this progress, that she was so mag; And then indignantly exclaimsnificently entertained for nineteen days by the Earl

Princesse! yt ys as if one take away of Leicester at Kenilworth*. In 1577, she was again

Green woodes from forrests and sunne-shine fro the daye. in Kent, Surrey, and Sussex, and spent three days at Sir Nicholas Bacon's mansion at Gorhambury. In

The chances of success in this contest, were natu1578, she went over Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge- rally with the poets. The innovating spirit of the shire ; and received the compliments of the University Puritans rendered them very unacceptable to the of Cambridge on her way, at Audley Inn. In 1579, Queen; and the manner in which they put forward she again visited Essex and - Suffolk. In 1581, she their demands, was not at all calculated to ensure received ten commissioners from the King of France their success. Camden thus describes the “Insolency concerning her marriage with the Duke of Anjou; and of the Puritans,” in the year 1588, in which year, he in their honour, a “Triumph” was performed with tells us, that England was “ pestered with schism." great solemnity.

Certainly, (he says,) never did contumacious impudency From 1581 to 1588, the Queen appears to have and contumelious malapertness against ecclesiastical ma remained quiet at Westminster ; her amusements gistrates, show itself more bold and insolent. For when consisting of shows and tiltings on the reception of to innovatours in religion who designed (as she thought) to

the Queen (who was always the same) would not give ear foreign princes and ambassadors. In the latter year, cut in sunder the very sinews of her ecclesiastical gowhich is memorable for the projected invasion of her vernment and her royal prerogative at once, some of those kingdom by the Spaniards, and the defeat of their men who were great admirers of the discipline of the church grand Armada, Elizabeth paid her celebrated visit of Geneva, thought there was no better way to be taken to her army at Tilbury Fort. In 1591 we find her for establishing the same in England, than by inveighing recommencing her progresses over Surrey, Sussex, the people to a dislike and hatred of the bishops and pre

and railing against the English hierarchy, and stirring up and Hampshire, and being entertained at Cowdry, lacy. These men, therefore, set forth scandalous books Southampton, and Elvetham; and the next year at against both the church government and the prelates, the Bisham, Sudley and Ricott, with all the fantastic pomp titles whereofwere, Martin Marre-Prelate, Mineralis, which characterized the age. In 1592, likewise, she Diotrephes, a Demonstration of Discipline, &c. In these paid a second visit to Oxford, in compliment to Lord libels they belched forth most virulent calumnies and opBurleigh, who was then Chancellor of that University. that the authors might seem to have been rather scullions

probrious taunts and reproaches in such a scurrilous manner, In 1594, the students of Gray's Inn entertained her out of the kitchen than pious and godly men. Yet were with a masque ; and next year the Earl of Essex cele- the authors thereof (forsooth) Penry and Udal, ministers brated the anniversary of her accession with a “device." of the word, and Job Throckmorton, a learned man and of In 1599, she went again over part of Berkshire. In a facetious and gybing tongue. Their favourers and up1600, she honoured the wedding of Lord Herbert with holders were Richard Knightley, and Wigston, Knights, her presence, in Black Fryers, and was there enter- certain ministers, who aimed at some private respects of

men otherwise good, grave, and sober, but drawn in by tained with dancing and a masque at the Lord Cob- their own, for which the said knights had smarted by a ham's, and even “ dawnced t” herself, though in her heavy fine laid upon them in the Star-Chamber, had not the • See Saturday Magazine, Vol. I., p. 101.

Archbishop of Canterbury, (such was his mildness and + The fondness of Queen Elizabeth for music and “ dawncing" in good nature,) with much adoe requested and obtained a her old age, is thus noticed in a letter from the Earl of Worcester to

remission thereof from the queen. the Earl of Shrewsbury dated September 19, 1602, and printed by Mr. Lodge, from the ralbot MSS., in his Illustrations of British

But if the Queen had been disposed to abolish History: "Wee are frolyke heare in Courte; mutche dawncing in what the Puritans disliked, she had not the power to the privi chamber of contrey dawnces before the Q.M. (Queen's do so. She did not, as Mr. Sharon Turner remarks, Majesty) whoe is exceedingly pleased therwthIrishe tunes are at this tyme most pleasing," &c.

like Charles the Second, make the manners of her

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