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CORONATION ANECDOTES. No. III. office. The earle of Hereford exercised the roome of

high marshall in the king's house. The lord William HENRY III.

of Beauchamp was the almoner. The cheefe justice of After the death of John, London being in possession the forrests on the right of the king removed the dishes of the French prince, Louis, an assembly of the principal on the table, though at the first he was staied by some authorities was convened at Winchester, under the

allegation made to the contrarie. The citizens of presidency of Gualo, the papal legate. The principal London served out wine to everie one in great plentie. persons who attended the council were, Peter, bishop The citizens of Winchester had oversight of the kitchen of Winchester, Jocelyn, bishop of Bath, Ranulph, earl and larderie. And so everie person according to his of Chester, William, earl of Pembroke and earl mar

dutie exercised his roome, and bicause no trouble should shal, William, earl of Ferrers, and Philip of Albany, arise, manie things were suffered, which upon

further together with a great number of abbots, priors, and advise taken therein were reformed. The chancellour other ecclesiastics. They unanimously resolved that and other ordinarie officers kept their place. The feast the young king should be crowned on the 28th of

was plentifull, so that nothing wanted that could be October, A.D. 1216. The ceremony was performed in wished. Moreover in Tothill fields roiall justes were the cathedral of Winchester, by the bishop of that see, holden by the space of eight daies together.” aided by the bishop of Bath. The papal legate com

This account is fully confirmed by Matthew Paris, pelled lienry to do homage to the holy Roman church who adds, that “ such was the multitude of peers

and and Pope Innocent for his kingdom of England and peeresses, such the crowd of ecclesiastics, such the Ireland; he also made him swear that he would pay an

assemblage of the lower orders, and such the concourse annual tribute of one thousand marks to the papal see, of minstrels, morrice-dancers, and buffoons, that the as his father had stipulated to do, when he was absolved city of London could scarcely contain them.” And of from the sentence of excommunication. In return for the coronation feast he says, that “it displayed all the this submission, Gualo excommunicated the French world could produce for glory or delight.” prince, and all his adherents in England. The cere

This is the first coronation in which we read of tournamony of coronation was repeated by Stephen Langton, ments being introduced, but the most valuable part of archbishop of Canterbury, as Holinshed informs us :

Holinshed's description is the reason he assigns for the “ Moreover, in the yeare of our Lord 1220, and upon sword of state being borne by a palatine peer, namely, the seaventeenth day of Maie, being Whitsunday, the

to show that the palatine nobles had the right of king was eftsoones solemnelie crowned at Westminster, restraining the sovereign when he violated his royal to the end it might be said that now after the extin

duties. guishment of all seditious factions, he was crowned by

EDWARD I. the generall consent of all the estates and subjects of his realm.”

On the 15th, or, as other authorities say, the 19th Early in the year 1236, Henry married the Lady of August, 1274, Edward I., and his queen Eleanor, Eleanor, daughter to the earl of Provence, whose beauty were crowned at Westminster by the archbishop of is celebrated by all the chronicles. Langtoft says:

Canterbury, aided by other prelates. We prefer the

latter date, because it is that expressly stated by Lange Henry kyng our prince at Westminster kirke* The Erly's douhter of Province, the fairest mayb o life toft, who was a cotemporary. Beyond the se that word, was non suille creature.

In the yere folowand that I rekened here

Edward com to land, als prince of grete powere The ceremony of her coronation was performed with

The next Sonenday after the assumpcioun extraordinary pomp on the 22nd of January. IIolins- Of Mari moder & may“, Sir Edward had the coroun. hed's account of it will no doubt gratify our readers:- In the kyrke of Westmynstere, at the abbay solempnely

The bishop of Canterbere, Robert of Kilwardeby “ At the solemnitie of this feast and coronation of the

Corouned Edward thoreb, biforn alle the clergy quene, all the high peeres of the realm both spirituall and And Dame Helianore corouned quene & lady temporall were present, there to exercise their offices Was never at St. Denys feste holden more liy

Ne was of more pris, ne served so redy ! as to them apperteined. The citizens of London were

Was never prince that I writen of fonde there in great arraie, bearing afore hir in solemn wise, More had treiel & terek than he had for his lond. three hundred and three score cups of gold and silver, IIolinshed adds some remarkable particulars of this in token that they ought to wait upon hir cup. The

coronation:archbishop of Canturburie (according to his dutie)

“ At this coronation were present, Alexander, king of crowned hir, the bishop of London assisting him as his Scots, and John, earle of Bretaine, with their wives that deacon. The earle of Chester bare the sword of St.

were sisters to King Edward. The king of Scots did Edward before the king, in token that he was earle of homage unto King Edward for the realme of Scotland, the palace, and had authoritie to correct the king, if he i in like manner as other the kings of Scotland before should see him to swarve from the limits of justice; his him had doone to other kings of England, ancestoures constable of Chester attended him, and remained where to this King Edward. At the solemnitie of this corothe presse was thicke, with his rod or warder. The nation there were let go at libertie (catch them that earle of Pembroke, high marshall, bare the rod before catch might) five hundred great horsses by the king of the king, and made roome before him both in the church Scots, the earles of Cornewall, Glocester, Pembroke, and in the hall, placing everie man, and ordering the and others, as they were allighted fro their backs.” service at the table. The wardens of the Cinque Ports bare a canopie over the king, supported with four

EDWARD II. speares. The earle of Leicester held the bason when Edward II. and his queen were crowned at Westthey washed. The earle of Warren in the place of the minster on the 24th of February, being the feast of St. earle of Arundell, bicause he was under age, attended Matthias, and Quinquagesima Sunday. The archon the king's cup. M. Michael Bellet was butler by bishop of Canterbury, who had the right to perform

the ceremony, lying under a papal suspension, Pope * Church.


b Maiden. • Of life, i. e, alive. That were beyond the sea, i. e. among all foreign nations.

Virgin. b There. e Magnificent. Readily, cheerfully.
Found. f Trials or difficulties.

& Loss, sorrow.

No such,

Clement proposed to send over a cardinal to officiate

SAINT SWITHIN. upon the occasion; but Edward rejected the proffer, Cone not St. Swithin with a cloudy face, and prevailed upon the pontiff to grant a commission to

Ill-ominous ; for old tradition says, the archbishop of York, and the bishops of Durham

If Swithin weep, a deluge will ensue, and London, to perform the office. These prelates

A forty days of rain. The swain believes,

And blesses sultry Swithin if he smiles, refused to sanction such a precedent, and Edward again But curses if he frowns. So boding dames applied to the pope to remove Archbishop Winchelsey's Teach the fray'd boy a thousand ugly signs, suspension. Clement assented; but the archbishop,

Which riper judgment cannot shake aside: who was out of the kingdom, and confined to his bed

And so the path of life is rough indeed,

And the poor fool feels double smart, compelled by severe illness, delegated his office to the bishops of

To trudge it barefoot on the naked flint. Winchester, Salisbury, and Chichester. Scarcely was For what is judgment and the mind informed, this difficulty removed, when another arose, from the

Your Christian armour, gospel-preparation, partiality of the weak king for his unworthy favourite,

But sandals for the feet, that tread with ease,

Nor feel those harsh asperities of life, Piers Gaveston; the principal nobles refused to attend

Which ignorance and superstition dread ? the ceremony unless this unpopular minion should be I much admire we ever should complain sent out of the kingdom. Edward promised to give That life is sharp and painful, when ourselves them satisfaction on the subject in the next parliament,

Create the better half of all our woe. which he agreed to assemble at the ensuing Faster; but

Whom can he blame who shudders at the sight

Of his own candle, and foretels with grief he gave proof of the little reliance that could be placed

A winding-sheet? who starts at the red coal upon his word, in the council which he held to regulate Which bounces from his fire, and picks it up, the procession. Edward disposed of the sceptre, the

His hair on end, a coffin ? spills his salt, cross, St. Edward's staff, the spurs, and the swords,

And dreads disaster ? dreams of pleasant fields, with little regard to prudence or precedent; but nothing

And smells a corpse ? and ever shuns with care

The unpropitious hour to pare his nails ? was more offensive to the nobles than his delivering the Such fears but ill become a soul that thinks, crown to be borne by Piers Gaveston, who was dressed Let time bring forth what heavy plagues it will. finer than the king himself, and outshone everybody in

Who pain anticipates, that pain feels twice, the procession. Gaveston also was appointed to super

And often feels in vain. Yet, though I blaine

The man who with too busy eye unfolds intend all the arrangements; but he performed his duty

The page of time, and reads his lot amiss, so negligently, that, as Holinshed informs us, “ There I can applaud to see the smiling maid was such presse and throng at this coronation, that a With pretty superstition pluck a rose, knight, called Sir John Bakewell, was thrust, or

And lay it by till Christmas. I can look crowded to death.” The bishops, also, were incom

With much complacency on all her arts

To know the future husband. Yes, ye fair, moded, and forced to hurry through the service in a I deem it good to take from years to come slovenly manner; and yet it was not concluded before A loan of happiness. We could not live, three in the afternoon. Great abundance of viands and Did we not hope to-morrow would produce wines had been provided, but the dinner did not begin

A better lot than we enjoy to-day

Hope is the dearest med'cine of the soul, until night, and was then badly served; the usual forms

A sweet oblivious antidote, which heals of service were neglected, and the whole was a continued The better half of all the pains of life.--II Undis. scene of confusion, singularly emblematic of the state of the nation, during this monarch's unhappy reign. Nothing gives so high a polish as truly religious feelings:

they shrink into nothingness all those minor objecis which

create asperities between man and man : they give, from PROBABLE ORIGIN OF THE ALGEBRAIC

the habit of self-examination, an insight into the heart, a

quickness of perception that knows every tender point, and SIGNS + and -,

avoids touching it, except to heal, whether its delicacy Tue sign + (plus), indicating addition, was early spring from the virtues, the infirmities, or eren the vices of expressed et (and); the forms of its gradual contrac

our nature. The Christian cannot be proud, vain, or neglition from the manuscript form (a good deal similar to

gent, except in the inverse of his religion: as the sun of

righteousness shines out in his heart, these clouds melt away. the early printed forms,) will be apparent from the

The courtesy of Christianity is equally visible in health annexed series of transformations, all of which are and sickness, in retirement as in a crowd, in a cottage as in easily verified by a reference to existing documents. a palace. Those sudden gusts of adverse or prosperous

fortune, so fatal to artificial pretensions, do not throw it off

its guard. Like the finest porcelain of the East, when broET

ken in a thousand pieces, every fracture displays new

smoothiness and polish; and, in its shivered state, it best Various contortions of the first symbol of this series

shows the superiority of its beautiful structure, over those

coarser kinds which are“ of the earth, earthy. may be found in early books and MSS.; but in the

The courtesy of Christianity is equally solicitous to avoid one case they are merely for ornamental printing,

offending the poor and low, as the rich and great; recollectand in the second for ornamental writing. The spirit ing that to the poor the Gospel was first preached, and which dictated them, still maintains its ground in all that the Saviour of the world ennobled their situation, by parts of the civilized world.

choosing it for his own. - -MRS. TRENCH; Thoughts of a Every one knows that, even in printed books, it Parent on Education. was the general custom to omit several of the vowels, Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political proand draw a line above the preceding letter, to indi- sperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports

. cate that the vowel should be read there, or as form- In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, ing an integral part of the sound of which the who would labour

to subvert these great pillars of human marked consonant was the commencement. The happiness, these firmest props of the destinies of men and same was also done for them and n. The word citizens. A volume could not trace all their connexions minus, (less,) was, therefore, thus written, mns.

with private and public felicity. And let us with caution Brevity and rapidity led to the substitution of the without religion; reason, and experience both forbid us to

indulge the supposition, that morality can be maintained mere line for the word, and hence is derived the

expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of itself,— Magazine of Popular Science.

religious principle. - WASHINGTON.



that it never flowers, but if it be attentively observed No IV.

on a warm day in June or July, little straw-coloured

specks will be discovered, and the leaf on which cne In several of the preceding volumes of the Saturday of these specks is found, presents the appearance of Magazine, we have given representations of many fig. 5, when highly magnified; the flower being emnatural objects, which, when viewed under the bodied in the substance of the leaf, and just proinicroscope, have presented singular and beautiful truding from a slit in its side. If this is carefully appearances. In the present selection of objects we opened, the flower itself can be detached, and will shall confine ourselves to an account of the organiza- appear like fig. 6. The blossoms and the stem of tion of some of our common flowers, because they nearly all the grasses are worth noticirg, and present are the more easily referred to.

to the view a very beautiful arrangement of parts. Fig 1, is a section of the

We have already described that curious flower the Fig. 1.

blossom of the gooseberry. vegetable fly-trap *, and the singular property of its Between the petals leaves. The complicated construction of these leaves flower-leaves are the sta- is most beautiful when seen under the microscope. mens, each consisting of a In order to exhibit this arrangement, cut a very thin filament with an oval anther slice of one of its leaves through its entire thickness, at the top, of a fine golden and in the direction of its veins ; place a portion of colour; the cup from which this in water under the microscope, and viewing it these grow is the calyx, in as a transparent object, it will present the following the centre of which are the appearance.

stigma, and immediately under the cup is seen the ovary or seed-case, which forms the future gooseberry. All this beautiful arrangement of parts is for the purpose of perfecting that simple fruit.

The common wild heart's.
Fig. 2.

ease, if the leaves are removed
and the inner parts exposed,
exhibits the appearance shown
in fig 2.

The growth of a hazel-nut
is well worth noticing. In the
spring of the year many of the

கருககைககை small branches are covered

with two kinds of blossom, fig.
Fig. 3.

3; one kind is easily discovered,
hanging like so many little
yellow tails, shining beauti-
fully in the sunbeams; these
are called catkins, but it is not
from these that the nut is pro-
duced. A closer inspection
will enable you to discover

near to the catkins, numerous E

small flower or rather fruit
buds, of quite a different
nature, consisting of a small

group of scales, from the centre of which a number of very fine red filaments proceed. If we dissect this little bud, we find that these filaments are arranged in pairs, each pair being attached to an ovary or seed-vessel, containing two

In addition to the flowers of almost all plants small seeds, one of which only comes to perfection. forming beautiful subjects for the microscope, the The left-hand figure B, is the catkin, d one pair of seeds of many are well deserving of notice. the filameuts with the ovary, and surrounded by a

• See Saturday Magazine, Vol. I., p. 200. small jagged calyx, containing, when partly grown, the two seeds as shown at E.

We should hardly expect so curious a structure I have known what the enjoyments and advantages of as the following in plantain, broad leaved rib-grass,

this life are, and what the more refined pleasures which see fig. 4.

learning and intellectual power can bestow; and with all the experience that more than three-score years can gire

, I, now on the eve of my departure, declare to you, (and earnestly pray that you may hereafter live and act on ibe conviction,) that health is a great blessing,-competence obtained by honourable industry a great blessing,--and a great blessing it is to have kind, faithful, and loving friends and relatives; but, that the greatest of all blessings, as it is the most ennobling of all privileges, is to be indeed a Christian. --COLERIDGE.




Fig. 4.

Fig. 5.

Fig. 6. The flower of the duck-weed is placed in a most extraordinary situation, and many persons believe


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NO 388.


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ABBEY CWMHIR-LLANDRINDOD WELLS-BUILTH New Radnor, at no great distance from the former, -LLYN SAVATHAN-ABE REDWY-GLASBURY- and is well worthy of a visit, if it were only for the HAY-CLIFFORD CASTLE.

sake of its very lovely scenery. Mr. Roscue tells us, The few fragments of the once magnificent Abbey that “a very singular range of rocks, abounding in Cumhir that have escaped the ruthless hand of time, beautiful quartz crystals, nearly joins the churchyard, may be traced in a pleasant valley about seven miles and is much visited both for the views it commands, north-east of Rhayadyr, on a verdant bank of the and the glittering treasures which may be won from Clewedog. The situation of this venerable fane the clefts and sides of the rock." amidst lofty and beautiful hills is well calculated to The Wye, after passing Rhayadyr, is considerably inspire devotion. According to Leland, it was founded augmented by the waters of the Elian and Ithon ; in 1143, for sixty Cistercian monks, but was never and Cwm Elian, the beauties of which have been finished. There are a few specimens, (if we believe celebrated by the Rev. W. Lisle Bowles, well merits tradition,) still in good preservation, in Llanidloes the attention of the tourist. Mr. Roscoe calls this church, consisting of six arches surrounded with the paradise of the district, created, like Hafod, small columns, ending in capitals of palm-leaves, out of bare and cultureless land." The name of which, according to a date on the roof, were brought Cwm Elian, is derived from the little torrent Elian, from the abbey in 1542, which date corresponds which runs through this singularly-romantic vale. with the final dissolution of monasteries in this Its waters join the Wye at Aber-dau-ddwr. kingdom. Leland says that the abbey was destroyed The Ithon, scarcely inferior to our peerless heroine by Owen Glendower in 1401.

the Wye, in scenes of picturesque beauty, joins the There are several barrows in this neighbourhood, latter four miles above Builth, the Bullæum Silurum and numerous carneddau, the most perfect of which of the Romans. The scenery about Pont ar Ithon is one on Camlow, near Abbey Cwmhir; and another has been pronounced to be scarcely exceeded by any on Gwastaden, a craggy wooded hill near Rhayadyr, on the Wye above Ross. Pursuing the course of the is considered the largest in the county,

Ithon upwards, we come to Llandrindod Wells, Llandegle, a pretty little village, celebrated for its which are situated near the banks of the river

, about medicinal waters, lies on the road from Rhavadyr to four miles to the south of Penybont. When these VOL. XIII,


waters were first used for their medicinal virtues is | large city having been swallowed up by an earth: uncertain, but it is generally believed that they were quake, the waters of the lake afterwards covering introduced to public notice towards the latter end of the site. This, however, is probably mere fable, as the seventeenth century. Since the year 1750, a there is no historical notice of such an event. great number of invalids have annually resorted here In following the course of the Wye from Builth to to partake of the waters, particularly within the last Hay, the valley becomes contracted by high moun. few years. Persons labouring under chronic diseases tains on either side, and the road runs along the edge are said to receive considerable benefit from their of the river, affording occasionally some charming use. In the neighbourhood are several Druidical and prospects. A fine reach brings to our view the beautiother remains worthy of inspection.

fully-retired village of Aberedwy, with its primitive Returning from this digression, let us proceed on- church, and time-worn ivy-clad castle, situated at the wards to Builth, distant from Rhayadyr about thir- junction of the Edwy with the Wye. This is unteen miles. The prevailing features of the scenery questionably one of the most enchanting spots in the throughout this distance are extremely grand. The Principality. The Edwy descends for a considerable rocky channel of the river is confined by lofty banks distance through a deep valley; but, for about half a till on its approach to Builth, when it expands into a mile before it joins the Wye, its channel is confined bay with several naked rocks in its bed, and agreeable on either side by a lofty wall of rock, consisting of breaks. It is here joined by the waters of the river horizontal blocks of compact slate or flag-slone, in Yrfon, which fall into the Wye just above the town. some places broken into crags, which overhang the This is a romantic stream, and in its vale is situated abyss, and threaten the intruder who ventures beLlanwrytyd, where there is a medicinal well of much neath to view the sublime prospect they offer to his efficacy. At a bridge on the Yrfon, in the neigh contemplation. Nothing certainly can exceed in bourhood of Builth, Llewellyn ap Griffyth, the last of grandeur and picturesque effect the scenery in every the reigning Welsh princes, was defeated by the direction. Gilpin remarks,English forces in 1282. Tradition informs us he

It is possible, I think, the Wye may in this place be was pursued and slain by his conquerors in a narrow

more beautiful than in any other part of its course. Between dingle about three miles west of the town; the place, Ross and Chepstow, the grandeur and beauty of its banks from this event was called Cwm Llewellyn.

are its chief praise; the river itself has no other merit Builtıl*, situated on the north-west extremity of than that of a winding surface of smooth water. But here, Breconshire, has long been extolled for the salubrity of added to the same decoration from its banks, the Wye

itself assumes a more beautilul character, pouring orer its air, and the picturesque beauty of its position on the banks of the Wye, in a broad and pleasant plain, which a solemn parading stream through a flat channel

shelving rocks, and forming itself into eddies and cascades, embosomed by woods and mountains. The town is cannot exhibit. The Wye also, in this part of its course, singularly built, having two parallel streets, which still receives further beauty from the woods which adorn its form irregular terraces on the side of a deep declivity. banks, and which the navigation of the river in its lower The streets are narrow, and the houses generally reaches forbids. Here the whole is perfectly rural and mean and squalid. A handsome stone bridge, crected unineambered: even a boat, I believe, is never seen beyond

the Hay. in 1770, leads into Radnorshire. The remains of the castle are situated at the east end of the town, and Aberedwy Castle is interesting to the antiquary, comprise only a small portion of the wall facing the from having been the favourite residence, and latest north. The site of the keep is about forty or fifty yards retreat, of Llewellyn ap Griffyth, of whose fate we in circumference, surrounded by a ditch, and defended have previously spoken. on the north side by two trenches. History has On Garth Hill, an inconsiderable elevation on the transmitted to us neither the name of its founder nor north side of the Wye, the vestiges of an ancient the period of its erection. The castle, originally of British camp may be traced. Erwood, on the oppoBritish origin, was probably afterwards rebuilt by the site bank of the river, presents nothing worthy of Bruces or Mortimers. In 1209 it was repaired and notice, save that the tourist, if he expects comfortfortified by Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester ; shortly able accommodation, must wend his way elsewhere. afterwards it fell into the possession of Giles de Three miles from Erwood, stands Llangoed Castle, Bruce, Bishop of Hereford; and after the defeat of pleasantly embowered in woods, through the breaks Llewellyn, in 1282, became an English fortress. It of which, glimpses of the river may be obtained as was accidentally destroyed by fire, together with the far as Swaine. Near Llangoed is a magnificent dingle greater part of the town, in the year 1690.

far from any thoroughfare. About a mile north-west from the town are some The river near Boughwood Castle, makes the mineral springs, called Park Wells; there are three largest horse-shoe bend in its whole course. At sorts of water, each strongly impregnated: viz., saline, Maeslough Castle, situate on an eminence above the sulphureous, and chalybeate. Pump-rooms and other village of Glasbury, an ancient seat of the Howarths, accommodations are provided for visiters, who are Gilpin speaks of the view as wonderfully amusing.”. often very numerous.

He says, the situation is, in its kind, perhaps, one of From a hill above Builth a good view may be the finest in Wales. A lawn extends to the river, obtained of Llyn (lake) Savathan, or Brecon Meer, which encircles it with a curve, at the distance of which lies about three miles to the south-west of half a mile. The banks are enriched with various Brecknock. It is called by Giraldus, Clamosum, from objects, amongst which two bridges with winding the “ terrible thundering noise it makes upon the roads, and the tower of Glasbury church surrounded breaking up of the ice in Winter.” This lake is two by a wood, are conspicuous. A country equally enmiles broad, and about the same in length. Its riched, stretches in the distance till the landscape is depth is in some parts thirteen fathoms, and it terminated by mountains. The bridge over the Wye abounds with various kinds of fish. Marianus calls at Glasbury, is remarkable, being constructed partly this place Bricenaic Meer, from a castle which was of wood, and partly of stone; it consists of several reduced by Edelfleda in 913; but whether he means arches, and has a picturesque appearance. this or Blaen Lleweny Castle is uncertain. The From hence to Hay, a distance of about four miles, country people have a very singular tradition, of a the scenery loses much of that grand and romantic

Builth signifies according to H. Llwyd, Ox-cliff, or Oxen-holt. character, which we have previously endeavoured to

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