Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed]

QUEEN ELIZABETH; HER PROGRESSES AND PUBLIC PROCESSIONS. No. VII.

[graphic][merged small]

ANCIENT VIEW OF CORNHILL, WITH THE PROCESSION OF QUEEN ELIZABETIT.

PROCESSION THROUGH THE CITY FROM THE TOWER | the purpose of welcoming a royal visiter, and testi

TO WESTMINSTER, THE DAY BEFORE HER MA- | fying the affection which his subjects bore towards JESTY'S CORONATION.

him. The extreme popularity which Henry the In the early ages of our history, it was customary Eighth enjoyed at his accession, a popularity arising for the sovereign, on the day previous to the corona- as well from the captivating nature of his personal tion, to proceed in great state through the city of qualifications, as from the circumstance of his uniting London, from the Tower to the palace at Westminster; in his person the rival claims of the houses of York and for this purpose it was necessary for the monarch, and Lancaster, will account for the peculiar splendour two or three days beforehand, to remove from the which characterized his reception by the citizens of palace, and take up a temporary abode in the fortress. London. To his popularity, likewise, may be referred The pomp and splendour of some of these proces- much of the rejoicing which greeted his next three sions are not surpassed by anything of state pageantry successors; the strong attachment which his subjects recorded in our history; and we may venture tu in- had conceived for him in his better days, rendered stance those which preceded the coronations of Henry the children of "old king Henry theyght," objects of the Eighth, and his three children, Edward the popular affection, without reference to their individual Sixth, Mary, and Elizabeth, as affording a display of merits, or to the particular circumstances under magnificence scarcely ever equalled. The age in which they ascended the throne. Ever his daughter which those sovereigns reigned was one delighting in Mary, in spite of her known attachment to popery, costly shows and spectacles ; seldom afterwards do was readily supported by the people against the unwe read of streets decked with silks, and tapestries, lawful attempt of the Duke of Northumberland to and gold brocades, and conduits running with wine, secure the crown for Lady Jane Grey; and her pasand standards and crosses newly painted and newly sage through the city on the 30th of September, 1553 burnished, with here and there a fanciful pageant the day before her coronation, was marked by great abounding in allegorical devices, so exceedingly splendour. Such being Mary's reception, it was ingenious as to require a lengthy explanation, all for natural that Elizabeth should experience

an especially VOL. XIII.

387

grace and

ment.

[ocr errors]

joyful and hearty welcome, when she came to the / gently to the common rejoysing of all the lookers on and throne; for she had become endeared to the people private comfort of the partie, staid her chariot and heard by the persecution which she had suffered in her theyr requestes ; so that if a man should say well, he could sister's reign, on account of her attachment to the wherein was shewed the wonderfull spectacle of a noble

not better tearme the citie of London that time than a stage, reformed faith.

hearted princesse towards her most loving people, and the The pageants which were devised by the citizens people's exceeding comfort in beholding so worthy a sore of London for the entertainment of Elizabeth in her raigne, and hearing so prince-like a voice which could not procession through the city, on the day preceding but have set the enemy on fyre, since the vertue is in the her çoronation, afford an instructive illustration of enemie always commended much more could not but the taste of the age; and it happens fortunately that whose weale leaneth onely uppon

entlame her naturall obedient and most loving people,

her

gorernwe possess a circumstantial account of the whole ceremony in a very interesting tract, which was published a few days afterwards. This tract is en

The first incident in the procession was at“ Fantitled, The passage of our most drad and Soveraigne churche,” near which was erected a richly-furnished Lady Quene Elyzabeth, through the citie of London to

scaffold, “ whereon stode a noyes of instruments, Westminster, the daye before her Coronation, Anno

and a chylde in costly apparell.” When the queen 1558*; and at the close of it we are informed that

came up she ordered her chariot to be stayed, and it was Imprinted at London, in Flete-strete, within

the noise to be stopped, while the child delivered a Temple-barre, at the signe of the Hand and Starre, by This address was in verse, as follows :

welcoming oration, on the hole cities behalfe." Richard Tottil, the xxiii. day of January. Cum privilegio. O percles soveraygne quene, behold what this thy town.

The opening passage well describes in the stately style of the age, the sort of reception which the queen Beholde with how riche hope she ledeth thee to thy crown,

Hath thee presented with at thy fyrst entraunce here; experienced:

Beholde with what two gyftes she comforteth thy chere. Upon Saturday, which was the 14th day of January, in The first is blessing tonges, which many a welcome say, the yere of our Lord God, 1558, about two of the clocke at after noone, the moste noble and Christian princesse, our

Which pray thou maist do well, which praise thee to the sky,

Which wish to thee long lyfe, which blesse this happy day, most dradde soveraigne ladye Elyzabeth, by the grace of Which to thy kingdome heapes, all that in tongues can lye. God, Quene of Englande, Fraunce, and Irelanide, Defendour of the Faith, &c. † marched from the Towre to passe

The second is true hartes, which love thee from their roote, through the citie of London towarde Westminster, richely

Whose sute is triumphe now, and ruleth all the game, furnished and most honourably accompanied, as well with which faithfulness have wone, and all untruthe driven out; gentlemen, barons, and other the nobilite of this realme, as

Which skip for joy when as they heare thy happy name. also with a notable trayne of goodly and beautifull ladies Welcome, therefore, O quene, as much as harte can thiuke ; richly appoynted. And entring the citie, was of the people Welcome againe, O quene, as much as tong can tell; received marveylous entirely, as appeared by the assemblie, Welcome to joyous tonges and hartes that will not shrink; prayers, wishes, welcomminges, cryes, tender woordes, and God thee preserve we praye, and wishe thee ever well. all other signes, whiche argue a wonderfull earnest love of most obedient subjectes towarde theyr soveraigne. And on

At which wordes of the last line," continues the thother side, her grace, by holding up her handes and merie narrator, " the hole people gave a great shout, wishcountenaunce to such as stode farre of, and most tender | ing with one assent as the chylde had said.” A copy and gentle language to those that stode nigh to her grace, of the verses was fastened upon the scaffold, and on did declare herselfe no less thankefullye to receive her another tablet was a Latin version of the same. people's good wyll, than they lovingly offered it unto her. To all that wyshed her grace well, she gave heartie Gracious Streate, where “at the upper ende, before

From Fenchurch the queen proceeded towards thankes; and to such as bade God save her grace, she sayde againe God save them all, and thanked them with

the signe of the Egle, the citie had erected a gorgeous all her heart: so that on eyther side there was nothing but and sumptuous arke." A platform stretched across gladnes, nothing but prayer, nothing but comfort. The the street, and in the middle of it rose three stages, quene's majestie rejoysed marveilously to see that so one above the other. Upon the lowest stage were princes have ever desyred; I meane so earnest love of sub- Elizabeth of York, his queen, with their respective exceadingly shewed towarde her grace, which all good personages representing King Henry the Seventh and jectes, so evidently declared even to her grace's owne person, being carried in the middest of them. The people emblems, the red and white rose, and “ again were wonderfully ravished with the loving answers

the one of them joined hand's with thother, with the and gestures of theyr princesse, like to the which they had ring of matrimonie perceived on the finger.

From before tryed at her first comming to the Towre from Hat- the two roses, two branches gathered into one, sprang field. Thus her grace's loving behaviour, preconceived in up towards the second stage, whereon was a reprethe people's heades upon these considerations, was then thoroughly confirmed, and indede emplanted a wonderfull

sentation of King Henry the Eighth, and " the right hope in them, touchyng her woorthy government in the worthy ladie Quene Ann,” the mother of Elizabeth. reste of her reygne. For in all her passage she did not

From this stage proceeded a branch towards the only show her most gracious love toward the people in third or uppermost, on which was set a represengenerall, but also privately, if the baser personages had | tation of the queen herself, crouned and appa. offered her grace any flowers, or such like, as a significa- ralled as thother prynces were." In front was a tion of their good wyll, or moved to her any sute, she most standing place for a child, who was * Or 1559, according to the language of history. The reader

address the queen, and explain the meaning of the will recollect that previous to the returmation of our calendar, by pageant; and the sides were “ filled with loude the Act passed in 1751, the civil, legal, and ecclesiastical year begannoyses of musicke." Latin sentences

, inculcating that it was only the historical year, or that used conventionally by the necessity of unity and concord, were scattered historians in measuring the march of events, which began on the 1st of January.

over the erection ; red and white roses The tract mentioned in the text, assigns the otticial date of January 15, 1558, to the coronation of Elizabeth ; the year

it very appropriately; and on the front, " in a faire 1558, legalty speaking, not ending unul the 25th of March; whereas wreathe,' was written the name and title of the historians, regarding the year 1558 as having expired before the 1st of January, ieler an event occurring on the 15th of January to the

pageant, “The uniting of the two llouses of Lan

castre and Yorke." + In one of the Harleian MSS. referred to by Nichols, hier Ma jesty's title occurs thus: “ The most high and mightye Princesse,

This pageaunt was grounded upon the quenes majesties our dread sovereigne Lady Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Quene

For like as tlie long warre betwene the two howses of England, France, and Irelande, Defender of the trew auncient

of Yorke and Lancastre then ended when Elizabetli, and Catholic faithe, most worthy Empresse from the Orcade Isles doughter to Edward the Fourth, matched in mariage with to the Mountaynes Pyrenei. A Larges! A Larges! A Larges!"

Henry the Seventhe, heyre to the howse of Lancastre ;

so set that

appointed to

garnished"

year 1559.

name.

$0

since the quenes majesties name was Elizabeth, and forso- Whyle that Religion true shall ignorance suppresse, much as she is the onelye heire of Henry the Eighth, And with her weightye foote break Saperstition's head; which came of bothe howses, as the knitting up of Whyle Love of Subjectes shall Rebellion distresse, concorde, it was devised that, like as Elizabeth was the And with Zeale to the Prince Insolency doun treade : first occasion of concorde, so she, another Elizabeth, myght While Justice can flattering Tongues and Bribery deface ; maintaine the same among her subjectes, so that unitie was Whyle Follie and Vaynglorie to Wisdome yeld their the ende whereat the whole devise shotte.

handes, The verses here addressed to the queen were

So long shal Government swerve from her right race, these :

But Wrong decayeth still, and Righwiseness up standes. The two princes that sit under one cloth of state,

Now all thy subjectes hertes ( prince of pereles fame,

Do trust these Vertues shall maintayn up thy throne, The man in the redde rose, the woman in the white, Henry the Seventh and Queene Elizabeth his mate,

And Vyce be kept doun still the wicked put to shame, By ring of marriage as man and wife unite.

That good with good may joy, and daught with naught

may mone. Both heires to both their bloodes, to Lancastre the kyng,

When the " chyldes oration " was ended, the inThe quene to Yorke, in one the two howses did knit: Of whom as heire to both, Henry the Eighth did spring,

struments which had been placed over the side gates In whose seat his true heire, thou Quene Elizabeth doth gave

“an heavenly melodie.” The queen, having sit.

fully understood the pageant, thanked the city, and Therefore as civill warre, and feude of blood did cease, graciously promised her good endeavours for the When these two howses were united into one,

maintenance of the said virtues, and the suppression So that now jarrs shall stint, and quietnes encrease, of the said vices. We trust, O noble quene, thou wilt, because alone.

Our engraving affords an ancient view of the It appears that the queen's loving subjects were eastern end of Cornhill, taken from near the corner extremely noisy in expressing their joy at the sight adjoining Bishopsgate Street. In the foreground of their “ moste dradde soveraigne ladie;" for before appears the pump which formerly stood at the intershe" came wythin hearing of thys pageaunt, she sent section of Gracechurch Street, Cornhill, Bishopsgate certaine, as also at all the other pageauntes, to re- Street, and Leadenhall Street. On the right is the quire the people to be silent, for her majestie was church of St. Peter upon Cornhill. On the left, a disposed to heare all that shoulde be sayde unto her." | few yards down Leadenhall Street, appears a portion After the meaning of the pageant had been explained, of the old Leadenhall. We have introduced into the Elizabeth thanked the city, and praised the fairness scene a view of Queen Elizabeth's carriage, together of the work, promising to do her utmost for the con- with some of the figures found in the royal procestinual preservation of concord.

sions of that age. Proceeding towards Cornhill, amid the loudest The conduit upon Cornhill stood in front of the rejoicings, the queen passed the conduit, which was spot on which the Royal Exchange was afterwards curiously trimmed “with riche banners adourned, and built. The site was originally occupied by a prison a noyse of loud instrumentes upon the top thereof," called “the Tun," which derived its name from being and directly espied the second pageant standing at built “ somewhat in fashion of a tun standing on one the lower end of Cornhill. This pageant, which end." This Tun was erected in 1282 by Henry Walrepresented her majesty in the seat of government, lis, mayor of London, to be a prison “for night-walksupported by certain Virtues treading under foot the ers, and other suspicious persons who at that time antagonist Vices, affords an excellent illustration of infested the city ;” and the same magistrate is said to the spirit and manners of the times. It extended have first made the well, “ curbed round with hard across the street, and displayed three open gates ; | stone,” which stood without the west side of the Tun, over the middle was erected a chair or seate royall, and has always in modern times been covered with a with a clothe of estate to the same apperteynyng," pump. In 1401 “the said prison-house called the in which was a child representing the queen.

Tun was made a cistern for sweet water conveyed by And in a comely wreathe artificiallie and well devised pipes of lead from Tyburn, and was from thenceforth with perfit light and understanding to the people, in the called the Conduit upon Cornhill.” The well was front of the same pagcaunt was written the name and title planked over, and a strong prison of timber, called thereof; which is The Seate of worthie Governance,'

the Cage, with a pair of stocks in it, was erected for whych seate was made in such artificiall maner as to the

the punishment of disorderly persons; and on the top apperance of the lookers on, the forparte semed to have no staye, and therefore of force was stayed by lively person

of the cage was placed a pillory for the punishment ages, which personages were in numbre foure, standing and of bakers offending in the assize of bread, and other staieng the forefronte of the same royall, eche having his offenders. In 1475, Sir Robert Drope, draper, and face to the quene and people, wherof every one had a mayor, enlarged the conduit, and “ castellated it in a table to express their effectes which are vertues; namely,

comely manner." Pure Religion, Love of Subjectes, Wisdom and Justice, which did treade their contrarie vices under their feete; that is to witte, Pure Religion did treade upon Superstition and Man has called in the friendly assistance of Philosophy, Ignoraunce, Love of Subjectes did treade upon Rebellion

and Heaven, seeing the incapacity of that to console him, and Insolence, Wisdome did treade upon Follie and Vaine has given him the aid of Religion. The consolations of

It Glorie, Justice did tread upon Adulacion and Bribery. Each philosophy are very amusing, but often fallacious. of these personages, according to their proper names and tells us that life is filled with comforts, if we will but enjoy properties, had not onely their names in plaine and perfit

them: and, on the other hand, that though we unavoidably

have miseries here, life is short, and it will soon be over. writing set upon their breastes, easely to be read of all, but also, every of them was aptly and properly apparelled, so

Thus do these consolations destroy each other; for if life is that hys apparell and name did agre to expresse the same

a place of comfort, its shortness must be misery; and if it ferson that in title he represented.

be long, our griefs are protracted. Thus philosophy is

weak, but religion comforts in a higher strain. Man is In every "voyde place" were “pretie sentences" here, it tells us, fitting up his mind, and preparing for both English and Latin, commending the seat sup- another abode. To religion then we must hold in every ported by vertues and defacing the vices “to the circumstance of life, for our truest comforts : for if already utier extirpation of rebellion, and to everlasting con

we are happy, it is a pleasure to think we can make that

happiness unending; and if we are miserable, it is very tinuaunce of quyetness and peace.” When the queen consoling to think there is a place of rest. Thus to the came up, a child as usual stood forward, and addressed fortunate religion holds out a continuance of bliss, to tho the following lines to her :

wretched a change from pain.—GOLDSMITH.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

MONKEYS GATHERING FRUIT.

ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE BIBLE FROM THE
MONUMENTS OF ANTIQUITY
No. XV.

TUBE
THE MURMURINGS OF THE CHILDREN

OF ISRAEL,
NOTWITHSTANDING the stupendous miracle by which
God had delivered his chosen people from Pharaoh
and his mighty host, the ungrateful Israelites, in the
first moment of difficulty, broke out into almost open
rebellion.

And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness : and the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God ve had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh-pots, and when we did eat bread to the full: for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. (Exodus xvi. 2, 3.)

The gracious Jehovah miraculously supplied them with manna from heaven, but even of this they became weary.

The mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? We remember the fish which we did eat in Egypt freely: the cucumbers, and the melons, scruple. We find that the Israelites did not forget and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick: but now this important fruit in one of their many murmur. our soul is dried away; there is nothing at all, beside this ings against Muses. Shortly after Korah's rebellion, manna, before our eyes. (Numbers xi. 4-6.)

unwarned by the fearful punishment which had overHence it may be inferred that the Egyptians were

taken those who joined that discontented leader, a luxurious people, and that they used meat more They gathered themselves together against Moses and freely than most other oriental nations. This is very against Aaron. And the people chode with Moses

, and fully confirmed by the monuments; we see in their spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our kitchens large joints of beef and venison, with a up the congregation of the Lord into this wilderness

, that

brethren died before the Lord ! And why have ye brought plentiful supply of poultry. The “flesh-pots” men

we and our cattle should die there. And wherefore have tioned by the sacred historian were enormous caldrons ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto in which several joints were frequently boiled toge- this evil place ? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, ther. Indeed, from the profusion displayed in the or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.

(Numbers xx. 2—5.) representations of the royal kitchens, we are led to conclude that the daily supply of provision for the Figs were not only eaten fresh, but were preserved Pharaohs was not inferior to that which Solomon by being pressed together into a cake, and in this required. The Book of Kings informs us that- way they may be kept for several years. Such cakes Solomon's provision for one day was thirty measures of fine must have been a common article of food, for Abigail, flour, and three-score measures of meal, ten fat oxen, and anxious to atone for the avarice of her husband twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep. Nabal, sent two hundred cakes of figs to David and beside harts, and roebucks, and fallow-deer, and fatted fowl.

his followers; (1 Sam. xxv. 18;) and it was with (1 Kings iv, 22, 23.)

part of a cake of figs that David satisfied the hunger This might appear incredible if we did not recol of the Egyptian who guided him to the camp of the lect that oriental sovereigns are generally surrounded Amalekites and enabled him to rescue his two wires

, by a vast multitude of retainers, who require little (1 Sam. xxx. 12.) Figs appear also to have been remuneration for their services beyond their daily used medicinally, at least as an outward application, support. The Israelites dwell with great earnestness for it was by the application of a poultice of figs that

“the bread,” with which they assert that they the ulcer which threatened the life of Hezekiah, king were plentifully supplied, and this is not improbable, of Judah, was healed. Isaiah said, “Take a lump because, as we have already shown, Egypt produced of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and vast quantities of corn; and bread, and various kinds he recovered.” (2 Kings xx. 7.) of pastry, formed the principal part of their food; but In consequence of its utility, the fig tree was the ingratitude and injustice of the Israelites is par highly valued; it is mentioned with particular honour ticularly shown by their demand for flesh, because in Jotham's parable of the trees resolving to elect a it is not likely that they would have been able or king. permitted to use such an expensive article of food, And the trees said to the fig tree, Come thou, and reign when they were held in bondage by the cruel

But the fig.tree said unto them, Should I forsake Pharaoh. Fish was more easily procured, and we my sweetness, and my good fruit

, and go to be promoted have in a former paper shown that the fisheries of over the trees ? (Judges ix. 10, 11.) Egypt, both in ancient and modern times, were so In all descriptions of fertility, the fig-tree is usually very productive as to support very heavy imposts. associated with the vine; thus Moses declares to the Vegetables are still very abundant in the valley of children of Israel that their promised Cavaan was the Nile, particularly the leeks and onions which the A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig-trees, and Israelites mention with such fondness. Fruits were pomegranates; a land of oil-olive, and honey. (Deut. also very plentifully supplied both by the date-palm viii. 8.) and the sycamore-fig. We find, indeed, that mon- We also find the most common proverb for dekeys were employed to collect the fruit of the latter, scribing the tranquillity and fertility of a country and it will be seen in the engraving that these crafty was, that “every man should sit under his vine and animals are not unmindful of their own interests, his fig-tree.” The Assyrian ambassador Rabshakeh, for they are manifestly helping themselves without made use of this image when he endeavoured to

[graphic]
[ocr errors]

on

over us.

THE SACRED YOUNG BULLOCK.

persuade the Jews to revolt against their pious sove- the mountain, and at once revealed to him the nature reign, Hezekiah;

of their proceedings; he descended to the camp, Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of destroyed the idol, and by some process which reAssyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and quired no ordinary degree of chemical skill, reduced come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own the gold to powder vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern. (2 Kings xviii. 31.)

Another frequent subject of murmuring with the Israelites was the want of water, and this must have been very severely felt by persons who have been accustomed to drink from the delicious streams of the Nile, but having already described the reverence which the Egyptians had for that noble river, it is unnecessary to dwell further on the subject now. We shall, therefore, turn to the flagrant act of idolatry, in which not only the mass of the Israelites, but Aaron himself, the brother of Moses participated.

When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up cut of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden ear-rings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me. We have now shown, from the indisputable evidence And all the people brake off the golden ear-rings which of the monuments, that the murmurings and re' were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. And bellions of the Israelites in the desert display charache received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a

teristics which could only have been manifested by graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up

a people which had just come out of Egypt, and out of the land of Egypt. And when Aaron saw it, he

have thus given an entirely new series of historical built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and proofs which demonstrate the truth of the wondrous said, To-morrow is a feast to the Lord. And they rose up deliverance recorded in the Book of Exodus, early on the morrow, and offered burnt-offerings, and brought peace-offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. (Exodus xxxii, 1–6.) In a former article we have described the great

EARTHENWARE. skill of the Egyptians in metallurgy, and noticed THERE is scarcely any manufacture which is so intethe richness of the golden ornaments worn by the resting to contemplate in its gradual improvement women; we only refer to the subject here for the and extension, as that of earthenware, presenting as purpose of showing that Aaron could obtain a suffi- it does so beautiful a union of science and art, in cient supply of the precious metals to form an idol furnishing us with the comforts and ornaments of of considerable size, and that the art of working polished life. Chemistry administers her part by ingold was so well known, that he could have no diffi- vestigating the several species of earths, and ascerculty in preparing an image. The idol was moulded taining as well their most appropriate combinations, into the shape of a calf, or young bullock, which as the respective degrees of heat which the several was worshipped in Egypt under the name of Mnevis, compositions require. at On, or Heliopolis, as a symbol of the sun. With Art has studied the designs of antiquity, and prothis form of idolatry the Israelites must have been duced from them vessels even more exquisite in form familiar, because the city of On was in the land of than the models by which they have been suggested. Goshen, and because Joseph, the head of their nation, The ware has been provided in such gradations of was connected by marriage with the principal priestly quality as to suit every station, from the highest to family in Heliopolis. The accompanying engraving the lowest. It is to be seen in every country, and is a representation of the Egyptian deity Mnevis, almost in every house, through the whole extent of taken from the coffin of a mummy preserved in the America, in many parts of Asia, and in most of the museum of Turin; the orb of the sun is represented countries of Europe. At home it has superseded the between his horns, surmounted with ostrich feathers, less cleanly vessels of pewter and of wood, and by the symbols of justice, the whip which he carries is its cheapness has been brought within the means of emblematic of power, and the serpent before him is our poorest housekeepers. Formed from substances supposed to represent the spirit of the gods.

originally of no value, the fabrication has produced It appears that Aaron intended this idol to be an labour of such various classes, and created skill of emblem of Jehovah, for he proclaimed its dedication such various degrees, that nearly the whole value of as “a feast to the Lord;" his sin was, therefore,

the annual produce may be considered as an adprecisely similar to that committed in many Romish dition made to the mass of national wealth. churches, where emblematic figures of the Trinity The abundance of the ware exhibited in every are constantly worshipped. But the worship of the dwelling is sufficient evidence of the vast augmenidol was celebrated with heathenish rites and with tation of the manufacture, which is also demonstrated heathenish abominations. The Israelites feasted, by the rapid increase of the population in the dissung and danced, as the monuments show us that tricts where the potteries have been established. the Egyptians used to do in their religious festivals, Quarterly Review. and.it is probable that they proceeded to very improper and unseemly lengths in their festivities, as we know that the persons whom they imitated fre

Plants exist in themselves: insects by, or by means of,

themselves: men, for themselves. There is growth only in quently practised licentious ceremonies. The noise plants ; but there is irritability, or, a better word, instinctiand shouting reached Moses as he descended from vity in insects. --COLERIDGE.

[graphic]
« ZurückWeiter »