Stress, Appraisal, and Coping
The reissue of a classic work, now with a foreword by Daniel Goleman!
Here is a monumental work that continues in the tradition pioneered by co-author Richard Lazarus in his classic book Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. Dr. Lazarus and his collaborator, Dr. Susan Folkman, present here a detailed theory of psychological stress, building on the concepts of cognitive appraisal and coping which have become major themes of theory and investigation.
As an integrative theoretical analysis, this volume pulls together two decades of research and thought on issues in behavioral medicine, emotion, stress management, treatment, and life span development. A selective review of the most pertinent literature is included in each chapter. The total reference listing for the book extends to 60 pages.
This work is necessarily multidisciplinary, reflecting the many dimensions of stress-related problems and their situation within a complex social context. While the emphasis is on psychological aspects of stress, the book is oriented towards professionals in various disciplines, as well as advanced students and educated laypersons. The intended audience ranges from psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, nurses, and social workers to sociologists, anthropologists, medical researchers, and physiologists.
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Cognitive approaches to stress had become widely accepted and, along with
renewed interest in emotions and psychosomatic ... Most important, the concepts
of cognitive appraisal and coping, not yet in the mainstream of thought in 1966,
2 Cognitive Appraisal Processes At the time of Lazarus's (1966) earliest full
statement of his theory of psychological stress, mainstream psychology was still
some distance from “the cognitive revolution” (Dember, 1974). Positivism, which ...
lated conditions affected the appraisal and coping process and thereby also
affected the levels of stress response. 3. Cognitive appraisal was also studied by
seeking retrospective reports about what subjects thought about and felt during
to summarize further evidence that differing appraisals do indeed affect coping
and emotion as immediate outcomes of a stressful transaction. Geen, Stonner,
and Kelley (1974) extended the earlier research on cognitive appraisal to anxiety
how difficult the exam was expected to be—proved to be important predictors of
threat emotions. GPA, on the other hand, which is not a cognitive appraisal
variable per se, did not predict threat. Krantz (1983) too assessed secondary
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8 The Individual and Society
9 Cognitive Theories of Emotion
10 Methodological Issues
11 Treatment and Stress Management