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ment had interfered with the re- the Ayes, were 62, and the Noes, venues of the crown, and had the 167. same right to interfere with the re- On the 25th of June, a motion venues of the church. He ad was brought forward by Mr. mitted that it had the same right Hume, the object of which, in to interfere. But, when the effect, was to pave the way for the House interfered with the re- abolition of the office of viceroy. venues of the crown, it was not What, he asked, were the duties to commit an outrage, but to of the lord-lieutenant? On the make a compact, to which the score of the army, there existed ne crown was a consenting party, need of a resident viceroy; the of and which was to last only till the fice of secretary at war had been expiration of the life interest of the abolished ; that of the commander reigning sovereign. Very differ- of the forces was considered unneent was the proposition of the hon. cessary; and the customs and excise | gentleman, who attacked the pro- of Ireland were consolidated with i perty of the church for alleged ir- those of England. There still exregularities, and, without limiting isted the formality of the vice-roy his measure to life interest, de signing warrants to the vice-trea. manded that its property should be surer; but, with the exception of the taken away altogether. But, then, civil contingencies, he did not pos. an equitable adjustment should be sess the power of disposing of a made. And, what was the equit, pound, without the concurrence of able adjustment proposed ? Why, the treasury of England. Could not that full compensation was to be these duties, then, be discharged made to the individuals now in the with efficiency in England ? The church. This compensation was very existence of a seeming court to be given to the individuals of in Dublin, assembled around it all whose misconduct he complained; the materials of party, and it beand the property belonging to the came the focus of internal disorder. church was to be taken from their The actual charge of Ireland to successors, who had never offended. Great Britain, in 1822, And this was the “ equitable ad- 3,098,8261. At the Union, the justment" proposed by the hon. gen- expence of the military estabtleman, as it was the custom to lishment amounted to only call every plan of spoliation and in- 510,0001.-it now cost 1,500,000!.; justice. If he deprecated this and since then the allowances to scheme as applied to the Protestant the lord-lieutenant had been in. establishment of England, he decreased from 20,000l. to 30,000l.; precated it still more as applied to whilst the whole business could be the establishment of Ireland. The much more efficiently performed in church establishment in Ireland, London. It might be said that as in England, was an integral Dublin would locally suffer by the part of the constitution, but in . removal of the court: this he adIreland it was also the bond of mitted, so far as the interests of a connexion with this country. few were concerned: but within

The first resolution, as well as the last twenty years Dublin had the third and fourth were nega- increased, and it would continue tived without a division : on the to increase, in houses and population, second, the House divided; when as well as in its commerce. He

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concluded by moving an address to the arrangement of the tithes; the the crown, praying for the appoint- abridgment of the power of that ment of a commission to inquire party which had so long ruled in whether the government of Ireland Ireland; and lastly, the most ought to continue in its present vigilant attention to the adminisstate, or whether the lord-lieu-tration of the laws.-He concluded tenant and other officers ought not by moving the following resoluto be dismissed.-Mr. Goulburn tions:-" That this House has opposed the motion, as derogatory learnt, with the deepest - regret, to the true interests of Ireland, from the information laid before it and fatal to her prosperity. The during the present session by comduties of the lord-lieutenant were mand of his majesty, that a general most important, and could not be spirit of violence, manifesting itself executed in England. Mr. D. in outrages of the most alarming Browne declared, that the very nature, has for some time prevailed mention of such a thing in Dublin, in many parts of Ireland, and that, would excite a kind of rebellion in the opinion of his majesty's goSir J. Newport also said, that the vernment, extraordinary powers measure was more calculated than are required for the protection of any other to augment the discontent the persons and property of his of Ireland - After several other majesty's subjects in that kingdom: members had delivered their senti- — That this House will be ready ments, Mr. Hume said, that, as he to concur in any measures which was certain the inquiry he desired may be found indispensable for the must come ere long from the other prompt and effectual suppression of side of the House, he should not press these disorders ; but experience has the question then. The motion proved that coercion and force, was negatived without a division. however necessary to avert a pres

The Duke of Devonshire, on the sing and immediate danger, have 19th of June, brought the state of not been sufficient to eradicate Ireland generally under the con- evils, whose magnitude and fresideration of the House of Lords. quent recurrence induce a belief The whole of the governmeift of that there must exist some material Ireland, said his grace, its policy defect in the state and administraand practice, demanded a prompt tion of the laws, and the system of and thorough examination. His the government ; to the examinamajesty's ministers had defended tion of which, with a view to the their Irish policy, by saying, that adoption of more permanent and their object was, not to give a effectual remedies, it is the duty of triumphoto any party; and the this House to apply itself without result was, that the government of further delay.” Ireland was completely in the Earl Bathurst denied that there hands of the Orangemen. In such was any evidence to substantiato a state of things, something more the charges against the government, decisive ought to be done, than which the noble duke's speech conadopting a system of giving a tained. That parliament had not, triumph to neither party. If he since the Union, been employed were asked what measures ought to solely in passing coercive measures, be adopted, he should urge the con- was sufficiently proved by the cession of the Catholic question ; statute book. His lordship enumerated a number of measures bate terminated by a division, the which had been introduced for result of which was, that there the benefit of Ireland, more par- were 59 votes for the original moticularly those which regarded her tion, and 135 against it. agriculture, local taxation, fisheries, The alleged misconduct of the and the administration of justice; chief baron, O'Grady, was the suband then asked, was it fair to re- ject of repeated discussion during present parliament as only em- the present session. The accusaployed in devising measures of tion was, that he had exacted illegal coercion? It was very true, that fees on proceedings in his court. as the coercive measures were al- It appeared that he had done so in ways confined to a limited period, some instances; but it was also it was frequently necessary to re- evident, that he fell into the error new them ; but the measures for from negligence rather than from the benefit of Ireland were at once any corrupt motive. The more the rendered permanent,

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matter was discussed, the slighter acting at this moment silently became the character of his supand beneficially for her advantage. posed offence; and ultimately, so One of the evils which had been satisfied were all parties that the complained of, was the absence of matters of imputation against him gentlemen from their estates; and were merely trivial and accidental this government had attempted to irregularities, that no further proremedy by repealing the assessed ceeding or inquiry with respect to taxes. He concluded by stating, them was instituted. that, as he was unwilling to meet In the end of summer and the the motion which had been sub- earlier part of autumn, the outrages mitted to their lordships with a in the south of Ireland increased direct negative, he would move the in number, and assumed a character previous

question. Lords Darnley, of extreme ferociousness. As winKing, Holland, and Lansdown ter approached they again subspoke in support of the resolutions; sided; and, by the end of the Lords Caledon, Limerick, and year, the country enjoyed rather Liverpool against them. The de- more tranquillity than was usual.

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CHAP. IV.

Catholic Question : Sir F. Burdett declares his Intention of wilhdran.

ing from the Discussion : Impulations on Mr. Canning and Mr. Plunkett: Mr. Canning's Defence : Mr. Brougham's Invective against Mr. Canning: intemperate Conduct of the latter : Motion for committing Mr. Canning and Mr. Brougham to the custody of the Serjeant at Arms : termination of the Quarrel: Remarks on this ProceedingMr. Plunkett's Motion on the Catholic Claims : its fale -Bills for conferring the Elective Franchise on English Catholics, and admitting them to certain Offices, passed by the Commons, but stopped in the LordsLord Colchester's Motion with respect to Catholic Institutions-Parliamentary Reform— The state of the Elective Franchise in Scotch Counties- Motion with respect to the Election of Magistrates for the Borough of Inverness.

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T was the wish of many of the secretary, he said, had stated that

the question of their claims should claims could ever be carried ; for, not be discussed in the present he had stated, that it was impossession. Mr. Canning expressed sible a government, or rather an his opinion in favour of this course. administration, should ever be The general sentiments, however, formed, by which this question of the friends of the cause leaned the should be carried; and that, if it other way; and the 17th of April was possible to form such an adwas fixed for a formal motion on ministration, he, to accomplish it, the subject.

would willingly leave office his On that day, the presenting of acceptance of which was the cause several petitions concerning con- of all this compromise of the public cessions to the Catholics gave rise safety. If such was the case, why to some preliminary discussion, in had Mr. Canning consented to which sir Francis Burdett declared, practise a deception upon the House that the annual discussion of this and the country? Why had he question was a mere farce, from employed himself in raising hope which the honest friends of the that was only to be deferred, and Catholics ought to withdraw. deferred only to be disappointed ? Then alluding to some observations Why had he contributed to irritate which had fallen from Mr. Canning and excite the warm feelings of a in a debate, two nights previously, generous people, only to plunge on the ex officio informations in them still lower in the depths of Dublin, he inveighed bitterly grief and despair ?

grief and despair ? Had he come against that gentleman for his forward so often upon this subject, alleged defection from the cause merely because it afforded him á of Emancipation. The right hon, happy theme for the display of his

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rhetoric? or had he endeavoured tant ascendancy would never be to catch a breath of the fleeting relaxed from, than that the Cathogale of popularity, by affecting, in lics should be led to struggle, this solitary instance, to be the without chance of success. advocate of liberal principles ? Under such circumstances, he conSome motive of this kind must ceived that he should best dishave influenced the right hon charge his duty by withdrawing gentleman; because he well knew, from an useless discussion. He at the very moment he was concluded with reading an extract vapouring in the cause of the from a speech delivered by Mr. Catholics, that his exertions must Plunkett on the 25th of February be utterly fruitless of all benefit, 1813. That extract was received and become the fertile source of with loud cheering by the House : irritation and discontent. Not- it rras in the following words: withstanding this obvious truth- “ But how can any honest mind obvious by the event the House be reconciled to the ambiguity, in had been repeatedly called upon to which the cabinet has concealed waste its time in useless discussion. itself from public view on this The people of Ireland had again great national question; or with and again been excited to the ut- what justice can they complain of most pitch of expectation; and the madness, which grows out of again and again had they learned, this fever of their own creating? that their feelings had only been This is no subject of compromise. trifled with and insulted. Their Either the claim is forbidden by rights had been enforced by the some imperious principle, too saright hon. secretary in the strongest cred to be tampered with, or it is terms; their wrongs had been enjoined by a law of reason and painted in the most vivid colours; justice, which it is oppression to but to their rights and to their resist. In ordinary cases, it sounds wrongs, that quarter, which it was well, to say, that a question is left most important to propitiate, had to the unbiassed sense of parliabeen equally deaf. That the ment and people ; but that a mea. people of Ireland, with their feel- sure of vital importance, and which ings so called forth_with their has been again and again discussed grievances painted in such vivid by all his majesty's ministers, should hues—with their wrongs so held be left to work its own course, and up in the eloquent language of suffered to drift along the tide of the right hon. gentleman, in parliamentary or popular opinion, addition to their own

sense of seems difficult to understand ; that intolerable injustice, should not government should be mere speebe tranquil, was matter of any tators of such a process is novel ; thing but wonder. It was a little but when it is known, that they too much to trifle with the feelings have all considered deeply, and of the people and with the tran- formed their opinions decidedly, in quillity of Ireland, by uselessly direct opposition to each other ; continuing so painful an excites that after this they should consult ment. Far better was it at once in the same cabinet, and sit on the to put an end to all hope of bet- same bench, professing a decided tering their condition, and to pro- opinion in point of theory, and a claim, that the system of Protes strict-neutrality in point of prace

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