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probation of the House of Com- of the discourse itself

as part of its mons."

very warp and woof: when we This speech was one of the hap- look at all these high excellencies piest in some respects, perhaps, of this speech, we shall not wonder the happiest of Mr. Canning's ef- at the persuasive effect which it forts ; and one of the most truly produced, and the admiration which admirable (though not, in external it excited in the House and in the gloss, the most splendid) specimens country at large. of modern deliberative oratory. It was the allotted duty of Mr. When we look at the mass of ma- Brougham to reply to Mr. Canning. terials with which he had to deal, For this he had reserved himself the high abstract principles during three nights of debate ; and which he had to express simply the expectation of a splendid effort and clearly and to bring to bear of rivalry on his part was in some upon the subject-the distinct yet degree heightened by the circumnatural arrangement of the whole stance, that only a few nights had -the mutual subordination of the elapsed, since language had passed parts—the skilful analysis of a between him and Mr. Canning, so complicated series of facts, of which violent, as to have led almost to the most important are placed in personal hostility. Never, how due relief before the mind, and the ever, was expectation more comoutline of the whole is clearly de- pletely disappointed. Far from fined--the artful yet almost im- reaching the excellence which Mri perceptible combination of the Canning had exhibited, Mr. statement of circumstances with Brougham, on this occasion, fell insuch observations and maxims as finitely below his own ordinary throw upon them the colour most level. His speech had neither favourable to the impression which argument, nor happy illustration, the speaker wishes to make the nor vigour of expression, nor bitintermixture of sportive raillery of terness of sarcasm: it was a tissue his opponents, so lively as to make of desultory observations, not leade them join in the laugh at them- ing to any definite conclusion, and selves, and yet too light and gay to ungraced with any felicity of style. hurt even the most sensitive the The Opposition saw, that the abstinence (a rare prudence in Mr. ministers would triumph by a Canning) from every thing that majority unusually great. Το could offend or mortify his adver- prevent this, the plan, which they saries the ability with which he adopted, was, to avoid, if possible, enlists upon his side the principles a division, and themselves to suband the love of freedom, and puts stitute the amendment for the them boldly forth in the front of original address, upon the pretext, his battle-to say nothing of the that it was 'most desirable, that continuous texture of the whole nothing should happen, which composition; of the perspicuity, might make the people of the consimplicity, and flowing elegance tinent believe that there was any of the language ; and of the ab- difference of sentiment in the Engsence of all conspicuous, or glaring, lish House of Commons, with re or extrinsic ornament, of all orna- spect to the character of the French ment which does not seem necessarily interwoven with the frame * See Chap. IV of this volume

The

The Oppo

outrage on Spain. Accordingly, doors were in consequence closed, Mr. Brougham concluded his and the Opposition members were speech by requesting Mr. M ́Donald compelled to remain in the House. to sacrifice his own feelings to the The Speaker then put the question general unanimity, and, for that on Mr. M‘Donald's original motion, purpose, to abstain from pressing which was negatived without a dithe House to a division. In the vision. He next put the question moderate amendment proposed by on Mr. Stuart Wortley's amendthe member for Yorkshire, he could ment. The Ministerial members see no great approbation of the cried “Aye :” the Opposition conduct of government. It seemed members remained silent. to be of that neutral character, that Speaker declared, that the question gave triumph to neither side of that

was carried in the affirmative. House. It went at most to a half Some members on the ministerial approval of the conduct of minis- side, anxious that a division should ters, and had more of war in it take place, called out that the than the original address. He “ Noes” had the majority. The therefore implored the House not Speaker thereupon desired those, to let the question go to a vote, who intended to vote for the amendwhich might be misconstrued by ment, to go in to the lobby, and those persons abroad, who did not under. who meant to vote against it, to stand our forms, into an appro- remain in the House. bation of the conduct of France. sition proceeded into the lobby, to

Mr. M‘Donald then intimated gether with the ministerial voters; his willingness to withdraw his but a few members on both sides motion. To the amendment he were shut in the House, in consehad no objection, and should vote quence of the lobby being too small for it, if it were allowed to stand to contain the united numbers. as the address.

The "numbers were--For the Mr. Secretary Canning said, that Amendment, 372; Against it, 20: after having suffered for three long Majority, 352. nights the constant, unceasing, un- The triumph of the ministers on remitting, and unsparing lectures this occasion deterred their adverof the hon. gentlemen opposite, for saries from bringing the subject a too ready concession to the views again into discussion. Some debate, of foreign powers, it was incum- indeed, arose on a motion, which bent upon him and his colleagues earl Grey made on the 12th of to show, that they had profited by May, for the production of papers the lesson that had been taught relative to the capture of a Spanish them, and that, though satisfied vessel by a French ship of war in themselves with the amendment, the West-Indies, long before the they could not concur in the sug- commencement of hostilities in gestion of withdrawing the original Europe, and to the relations of motion.

France with the Provisional ReThe gallery was then cleared for gency of Spain on the one hand, a division. The Opposition mem- and the allied monarchs on the bers rose in a body to leave the other hand. But the discussion House. Some ministerial mem- was languid, turning chiefly on bers below the bar, having, how- collateral points (more especially ever, called for a division, the on Mr. Canning's alleged abandon

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ment of the cause of Roman Ca- world a protest against war, which tholic Emancipation, a topic, cer- the allies had neither announced tainly, not very closely connected nor applauded, would have been with the invasion of Spain); and, altogether out of place, and would finally, the motion was negatived have been much more likely to without a division.

accelerate than to avert the appreThere can be no doubt, but that hended evil. the policy of ministers on this But the people, though they great question was generally ap- applauded the moderation and pruproved by the country. Some, dence of our ministers, were not indeed, wished, that, at Verona, the less zealous in their wishes for if we were unable to prevent the the success of the Spaniards; and allied sovereigns from promulgat- the ardour of these wishes proing their formal denunciation of duced a corresponding alacrity of the constitutional system of Spain, hope. The arrival of the French we might at least have counteracted in Madrid did not excite much their proceeding by declaring our surprize ; for it was not expected, opinion with equal boldness on that any strong resistance would the other side. And so, it is true, be made to them, till the extended we might have done, had the length of their line and the mulnotes of Russia, Austria, and tiplication of their communicaPrussia, proclaimed or recommend- tions had weakened them upon ed war

But they did no such particular points. The treachery thing; they merely condemned, of D’Abisbal excited serious fears, though with improper officiousness which acquired new strength, when and considerable harshness of lan the invaders were allowed to reguage, a system which it was im- main tranquil in Madrid, without possible to praise, and of which, any serious attempt to molest them considered with reference to its in their rear, or to interrupt their own intrinsic demerits, and the intercourse with the frontier. mode of its administration, it was When they began to move forward not easy to speak with too much from Madrid, it was hoped that reprobation. It was therefore im- they would be enveloped on either possible that we could have met side by Morillo and Ballasteros, these diplomatic notes by an eulogy and that their further progress, at of that state of things, which they least, would be arrested. These sought to bring into disrepute. anticipations, likewise, proved What, then, would have been the empty dreams. The armies of nature of our counter-manifesto? Spain disappeared; her patriot Should its object have been to de- chiefs deserted to the foe; and precate war, and to express our Cadiz was once more beleaguered disapprobation of any armed ag- by a French army. Even, under gression against Spain? To have these circumstances, we were undone so would have been consistent willing to despair of the cause of with our principles, but would not freedom. Cadiz, we knew, had have been suitable to the occasion; all the physical means of resistfor there was no mention, no threat ance; and we could not suppose, of war in the notes which were that courage to make these means issued from Verona, and therefore available, would be wanting. The for us to have sent forth to the siege, we flattered ourselves, would be protracted, till the resources of than had hitherto been received a the assailants would begin to be and men, at the same time that exhausted, and the approaching they deplored the fate and degra inclemency of the season would dation of a people that might have compel them to retreat. At last been great, found, in the result of the sad reality dissipated delusion, the war, additional reason for con and forced upon the public mind gratulating themselves on the prutruer ideas of the state of Spain dence of their own rulers.

CHẤP. III.

Bills of Indictment preferred against the Rioters in the Dublin Theatre -Failure of those Bills in consequence of the finding of the Grand Jury-Remarks of the Attorney General on this result- The Grand Jury vindicate their Conduct Ex-officio Informations filed against the Rioters-Result of their Trial-Remarks on these ProceedingsMotions of Mr. Brownlow and Colonel Barry for the Production of Papers-Petition from the Grand JurymŃr. Brownlon's Motion against Mr. Plunkett : Mr. Plunkett's Defence : course of the Debate --Petition of the Sheriff and Grand Jury of Dublin, calling for Inquiry into their Conduct-Sir F. Burdett's Motion for Inquiry curried - Course and Result of the Inquiry, State of Ireland : violence of Party Dissensions : extention of the system of outrageous attacks upon Persons and Property-Insurrection Act renewedProrisions of the Bill authorizing Compositions for Tithes : course of the Bill through the two Houses-Mischiefs of the system of granting Leases to numerous Joint-Tenants ; Remedy applied to that Evil Debate on Mr. Brougham's Motion concerning the Administration of Justice in Ireland-Mr. Hume's Motion against the Church Establishment of Ireland--His Motion on the Vice-regal Office --Other Motions relative to Ireland-State of Ireland towards the end of the Year.

THE
THE outrage against lord Wels accusation. the January

Jesley, which had been commit- sessions arrived, the attorney-geted in the Dublin theatre on the neral abandoned the charge of murItth of December in the preceding der, and preferred to the grand rear, led to consequences, which ex- jury two bills of indictment against çited no small agitation in the feel- ten

persons

for a riot, and a conings of the different political parties spiracy to riot. After two days in that quarter of the empire. Two spent in examining witnesses, the of the rioters, Handwich and Gra- bill, which charged a riot, was ham, were, on the 23rd of Decem- found only against two of the acber, committed to Newgate on cused;* and as, in law, two perWarrants, which stated their of fence to be riot and a conspiracy to

This indictment contained two riot. Shortly afterwards, however, counts ; the first was for a riot and asWarrants of detainer were lodged, nant, which would have enabled the jury

sault on the person of the lord-lieutecharging them with a conspiracy to have found the riot, and negatived to "kill and murder” the lord the assault, or vice versa ; and the sehieutenant ; and one James Forbes

, cond was for a riot generally. In the a person in a respectable situation fendants, cum multis aliis, had commit

first count, it was charged, that the de. of life , was committed on the same ted the riot and assault ; and in the se

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Vol. LXV.

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