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tions cannot fail to deter a majority of inquirers : in one of which (Bibliothèque Universelle des Voyages, par M. Albert Montémont, in-8°. Paris, 18331835), the “ Voyages autour du Monde” occupy about twenty volumes.
The excellent work of the late Admiral Burney may be said to be almost the only one in which an attempt has been made to digest this mass of crude materials in a methodical and connected narrative, possessing the advantages of perspicuous arrangement, and elucidated by the investigations of recent navigators. Of the “Chronological History of the Discoveries in the South Sea” everyone must speak with respect, as of a book distinguished by great erudi. tion and by laborious research. It chiefly addresses itself, however, to the professional and scientific student; and is, indeed, obviously rendered unfit for general perusal by the copiousness and minuteness of its technical details. Though bringing down the annals of maritime enterprise no farther than to the commencement of the reign of George III., it occupies five volumes in quarto,-leaving the history of the short period comprehended between that epoch and the death of Cook (undoubtedly the most interesting of the whole) to be pursued in works extending to more than three times the same amount.
Nor must it be overlooked, that however excellent the performance of Admiral Burney may have been in its own day, it has now become in some measure antiquated, from the great accessions which geogra
phical science has received since his work was submitted to the public. To our knowledge of the Archipelago of Tonga and Feejee, great contributions have been lately made by Mariner and D’Urville. Otaheite and the Society Islands have been elucidated with singular fidelity by the Reverend Mr Ellis, as well as by Messrs Bennet and Tyer
The labours of the gentlemen just named, with those of the American missionary, Mr Stewart, of the officers of H. M. S. the Blonde, and of MM. Morineau and Botta, have greatly enlarged our acquaintance with the Sandwich group. Much light has been thrown on New Zealand by the writings of Cruise, Rutherford, Yate, Earle, D'Urville, and the contributors to the Missionary Register. The Ladrone or Marian Islands, the Navigators', and the vast range of the Carolines, have been for the first time satisfactorily illustrated by the inquiries of Freycinet and Kotzebue. The voyager last mentioned, as also his countryman Billinghausen, M. Duperrey, and Captain Beechey, have completed the discovery of the Low or Coral Archipelago ; and the researches of Dillon and of D'Urville have supplied much valuable information on the state and productions of the New Hebrides.
In preparing this volume, the greatest pains have been taken to turn to advantage the important investigations of the writers just named ; and while much interesting matter has been derived from the collections of Debrosses, Dalrymple, and Burney,
the work, it is hoped, will afford evidence that in no instance where they were accessible have the original authorities been neglected.
For some valuable information embodied in the account of Cook's Voyages, which occupies so considerable a portion of these pages, the Publishers have been indebted to the relatives of his family. By the kindness of the late Mr Isaac Cragg-Smith, they were furnished with the original manuscript of the great voyager's Observations of the Transit of Venus, and a fac-simile of this interesting relic accompanies the book. It may also be stated, that the Portrait (engraved by Horsburgh after Dance) which is prefixed to the work was pronounced by Mrs Cook—now no more to be the most accurate of all the likenesses of her illustrious husband.
The scenery of the different countries visited by that eminent seaman, the appearance of the natives, as well as their dress and arms, are successfully illustrated by numerous beautiful engravings from the able hand of Mr Jackson.
The present volume comprises the History of Circumnavigation from Magellan to Cook,-a period of more than two centuries and a half, and details the proceedings of those navigators who effected discoveries in the Pacific during the same time. It will be followed by a second, bringing down the narrative to the present day; exhibiting a copious view of the recent French, Russian, and German voyages, hitherto but little known in this country; and con
taining a general Chart of the Pacific, the appearance of which has been postponed in order that it may embrace some late discoveries of which no authentic intelligence has as yet been promulgated.
The achievements of three circumnavigators, Drake, Cavendish, and Dampier,—seemed to deserve a more minute description than was compatible with the design of this work, and an early Number of the EDINBURGH CABINET LIBRARYiwas devoted to an account of their lives and actions. To the former impressions of that volume was prefixed a brief notice of some of the first discoveries in the South Sea, which, as it is rendered superfluous by the more ample details now given, has been withdrawn in the last edition, in order to make way for several interesting facts and illustrations, derived from various books that have appeared in Great Britain and on the Continent since it was originally issued.
EDINBURGH, June 1, 1836.
Expedition of Loyasa (1525)—Discovery of Papua or New Guinea
(1526)—Voyages of Saavedra (1527-1529)–Of Villalobos (1542)