Abbildungen der Seite
PDF

in New Mexico, Kanzas, and Nebraska, and donations to actua settlers therein, – making provision for Postal Service in California, Oregon, and Washington, — to graduate and reduce the price of the Public Lands to actual settlers and cultivators, to increase the pay of the rank and file of the Army, — and to carry into effect the Reciprocity Treaty between the United States and Great Britain. The tabular view of the railroads in the country is continued from the last volume : and the comparative view of the i. property, and general financial condition of als the States, has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The information concerning the Individual States is as full as in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work, revised from the best authority to late dates, gives the several States of Europe, with their form of government, the name, title, and date of accession .# the reigning sovereigns, the area and population of the several countries. It also gives the Royal Family, the #. , and the Judiciary of England. The Ministry of France is added. A Foreign Obituary for 1853 and 1854 is given, which it is intended to continue hereafter. The obituary notices and Chronicle of Events have been prepared with care. The space is so limited, that many names and events which otherwise would be given are necessarily omitted.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the Heads of Department at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain errors; persons who may detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor, that he cannot suitably acknowledge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible ; and this end can be obtained only by the co-operation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the “Editor of the American Almanac,” Boston.

Boston, Mass., December, 1854.

CONTENTS.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1. List of Presidents, ................

... 87 | Pay, &c. of Army Officers, ........

2. Executive Government,............

4. Navy List,...

106

Officers in the Departments, .... 88-90 Commanders of Squadrons, &c., ... 106

Commission to adjust Private Land

Pay of the Navy,..

107

Claims in California,.....

Vessels of War of the Navy, ... 108

Postmasters in Chief Towns & Citi

5. The Marine Corps, ............

109

Collectors of Customs,.............

6. The Judiciary,.................... 110

Naval Officers,....................

Supreme Court, ................... 110

Registers, Rec's, &c., in Land Office,

Circuit Courts,................ 110, 111

Surveyors-General of Public Lands,

District Courts, .............. 112-115

Indian Superintendents, &c., .......

7. Intercourse with Foreign Nations,.. 115

Army Pension Agents,............

Ministers, &c. in Foreign countries, 116

Navy Pension Agents,...........

Consuls, &c. in Foreign countries, . 117

Supervising Inspectors of Steam-

Foreign Ministers in the U. States, . 120

boats, and their Districts,.......

Foreign Consuls in the U. States,.... 121

Light-House Board, ............... 99 8. Titles and Abstracts of Public Laws, 127

3. Army List,.....

.......... 100 Appropriations for 1854 and 1855, 127, 128

Officers of Corps and Regiments,.. 100 9. Public Resolutions,...........

143

Military Commands, ....

10. Revenue and Expenditure,......... 144

Arsenals, .............

.... 102 Duties, Revenue, &c., for 1852 and

Military Posts, ...................

1853,......

.. 144-148

Militia Force of the United States,.. 104 Revenue and Expenditure for 1854, .. 148

...

f the United States, .

Foreign Magazine and Pamphlet

Expenditure from 1789 to 1853.

Postage,......

Revenue from 1789 to 1853, .

Receipts and Expenses from and for

s, Exports, and Debt, for 63

179
Posiages in each State in 1853,...

179

erce and Navigation, ........

13. Congress,........

180

Senate, ...........................

of Imports, 1852-53, ........

House of Representatives,..........

182

of Imports for five Years,.....

Alphabetical List of Represeftatives, 185

of Exports, 1850 - 1853,

1053, .....

14. Population of the United States,.....

3 from and Exports to Foreign 15. Slaves in the United States, ........

itries in 1852 - 53, ..........

16. Seventh Census of United States,.... 188

Trad e

189

,. ...................

17. Population of some Principal Cities,

e or Vessels in Foreign Trade, 1

189

18. Mint, ............................

and Exports of each State, 16 Officers of Mint, and Coinage,...... 190

built in U. States, and their

Coinage of the Mint since 179

191

age, in 1853,

Religious Denominations, .......

192

alive View of Tonnage from 20. State Elections, &c., ....

192

co 1853 , . ................. 163 21. Governors of States and Territories, 193

cial Marine of United States, 163 22. Finances of the States, .... ......194, 195

built, and their Tonnage, from 23. Colleges, &c., in the United States,. 196

o 1853, ........

164

Annual College Expenses,.........

199

ice Department, ...

161

Theological Schools,

200

vice for 1853,

Law Schools,............

200

pst-O ffices, &c., since 1790,.. 167 Medical Schools,............

201

Mail Service,.

24. Smithsonian Institution, .....

and Expenditures for Con 25. Railroads in the United States,.2 - 208

rear, in detail, ...........

26. Public Lands,..................

er old and new Laws,......

Sales of Public Lands, ..........

209

under Postal Treaties, .... 170 27. Banks in the United States,....... 210

sation of Postmasters,...... 171 23. American Securities held abroad,.... 215

Postage in United States,.. 172 29. Fineness and Value of certain Foreign

of Franking, ............ 173

Coins,......

217

- Foreign Letter and News-
Postage, etc.,........ 174-178

201

208

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1

..159

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

eneral Privi...

PAGE

PAGE
. Abstracts of Public Laws .....

127 Engineers in Navy, Pay of.............. 107
Additions and Corrections .....

352 Envoys Extraordinary, &c. ........ 116, 120
Alabama..........
275 Ephemeris of the Sun.....

41 - 52
American Obituary...

323 Eras, &c..................
American Securities held abroad .... 215 European States .............
American States ...................... 315 Events, General, in 1853..............
Arkansas............................. 285 "

1854....... ......... 346
Apportionment of U. S. Representatives 188 Executive Government of U. S........
Appraisers at Large.....

88 Expenditures of U. S. for 65 years ...
Appropriations, U.S., for 1854, 1855.. 127, 128 Expenditures of each State ..........
Army List ........

100 Exports of each State for 1852 - 53 ...
Army Officers, Pay of.....,

110 Exports, Value of, in 1850 - 53 ......
Army Pension Agents...

..... 98 Exports to Foreign Countries ......... 159
Army, Act to increase pay of rank & file of 141 Exports for 63 Years.................. 152
Arsenals in the United States....... 102 Federal Representative Population .....
Assistant Treasurers ....

88 Festivals of the Church .....
Atmospherical Electricity ............... 65 Finances of the States..............194, 195
Attorneys of U.S. Courts....... .. 112 Fixed Stars, Apparent Places of Principal 55
Banks in the United States ......

. 210 Florida ........

......... 274
Banks. See the several States.

Flowering of Fruit-trees in 1854 ........ 84
Barometrical Observations ...........76-83 Foreign Goods imported in 1852.... 153 - 156
Cabinet, Officers in the ................ 87 Foreign Mail Service .................. 168
Calendar: January, &c. ..............8-31 Foreign Ministers, &c., in U. S.........
California. ............................ 310 Foreign Nations, Intercourse with ...... 115
California Gold........................ 190 Foreign Obituary................

336
California Land Claims, Commission .... 90 Foreign Trade, Countries of .....
Capitals of States........ .............. 192 France....

323
Census of U. States (Seventh)..
188 Franking Privilege...

173
Celestial Phenomena, Signs, &c. .... 3 General Events in 1853 ........

343
Chronicle of Events ..............

343 6

6
1854 ........

345
Chronological Cycles ................ 4 Georgia ..

272
Church Festivals .................... 5 Government, Seats of, in different States. 192
Circuit Courts.....................110, 111 Governments, Annual Expenses of State, 195
Cities, Principal, Population of......... 189 Governors of States, &c. Terms and Salaries 193
Clerks of Circuit Courts of U. S......... 113 Great Britain .........................

319
Clerks of District Courts of U. S... .... 113 Illinois ..........

301
Clouds and Winds in 1853 ........... 76-83 Imports, Value of, in 1852-53...

153
Coinage of Mint since 1792 ............. 191 Imports for 63 Years.....
Coins, Fineness and value of certain foreign 217 Imports of each State for 1852-53 ......
Collectors of Customs.................. 93 Imports paying ad valorem Duties...153 - 156
Colleges in United States............... 196 Imports free of Duty ..................
Colleges, Annual Expenses in .......... 199 Indian Superintendents and Agents......
Commerce of U.S. ..........

153 Indiana ..............................
Commercial Agents in Foreign Countries 117 Supervising Inspectors of Steam-vessels. 99
Commercial Marine of the U.S. ........ 163 Intercourse with Foreign Nations ....... 115
Commissioners, U.S., in Foreign countries 116 Interior, Department of the ............. 89
Congress, Thirty-Third, 2d Session 179 - 185 Iowa ..........
Connecticut .......................... 240 Jewish Calendar ...................... 5
Consuls, Foreign, in U. S.............. 121 Judges of U.S. Circ. and Dist. Courts 110-115
Consuls in Foreign countries ...... 117 - 120 Judiciary, U. S...............

............ 110
Corrections and Additions .............. 352 Jupiter's Satellites,

.. 352 Jupiter's Satellites, Eclipses of..........
Countries whence Goods are brought .... 159 Kanzas Territory ....

314
Debt of the United States .............. 149 Kanzas Territory, Act establishing ......

130
Debts of the States ................ 194, 195 Kentucky ...

288
Delaware........................... 258 Land-Office, Registers, Receivers, &c. .. 95
Department of the Interior. .......... 89 Lands, Public ...

........... 208
Department of State .......... ... 88 Lands, Public, Act to graduate and reduce
Departments, Officers in the ......... 88 - 90 Price of .....

...... 141
District Courts......

112-115 Latitude and Longitude of Observatories 41
District of Columbia .

315 Latitude and Longitude of Places.... 42-46
Eclipses in 1855 .................... 35, 37|Law Scools .........

5, 37 Law Schools .......................... 200
Eclipse of Moon, May 1 & 2 ......... 35 Laws, Titles and Abstracts of Public .... 127
Eclipse of Moon, October 25..

36 Legislatures, State, Meeting of.... 192
Eclipse of Sun, Partial, May 15 ...... 36 Letters, by Sea-going Vessels ........
Eclipse of Sun, Partial, November 9 .... 37 Libraries, College.................

192 Lighthouse Board..............
Electricity, Atmospherical.............. 65 Louisiana .................
Elements of the Eclipses of Sun ......... 37 Mahometan Calendar ......
Engineers, Corps of, &c. ........... 100, 105 Mail Service for 1853 ..............

ness

Come on

240 Jewices of i. S. :

Eclips

Electricity State..........Xember 9 ...

201fect .: Denominationsorical List of..

236

187

Mail Service, Foreign...................

168|Public Lands, and Sales of......... 208, 209

..... 219 Public Lands, Surveyors-General of...... 96
Marine, Commercial, of the U. S........ 163 Public Laws, Titles and Abstracts of..... 127
Marine Corps.........

................... 109 Public Resolutions of Congress.......... 143
Mars and Venus, Discs of..... ...... 39 Railroads in New England.......... 202- 204
Marshals, U. S....

113 Railroads in Construction in New England 204
Maryland .....

.............. 259 Railroads in the U. S............... 202- 208
Massachusetts .....

229 Receivers and Registers of Land-Office .. 95
Massachusetts, Railroads of ..

202 Reciprocity Treaty, Act to carry into Ef.
Medical Schools ...................... 2011 fect........

...................... 142
Meteorological Information.......... 76-83 Religious Denominations .............. 192
Michigan ............................ 294 Representatives, Alphabetical List of.... 185
Military Commands ................... 101 Representatives, House of.............. 182
Military Posts ........ ........... 102 Representatives, State, No. of, and Terms 193
Militia Force of the U.S. .............. 104 Representatives, U. S., Apportionment of 188
Minnesota Territory ......... ...... 313 Resolutions, Public, of Congress......... 143
Ministers of U. S. in Foreign Countries.. 116 Revenue and Expenditure .......... 144 - 152
Ministers, Foreign, in U. Š............. 120 Revenue, U. S., for 65 Years.... . 15
Mint.....

......... 189 Rhode Island......................
Mint, Officers of, Coinage, &c. ........ 190 Saturn's Rings .........
Mississippi............................ 278 School Fund of States........
Missouri........... ................... 304Seasons, Beginning ana

304 Seasons, Beginning and Length of .....
Naval Officers......

.... 95 Secretaries of Legation ............ 116,
Navigation ........

160, 164 Senate of the U.S. .................
Navy Department .........

89 Senators, State, No. of, and Terms...
Navy List ..........

106 Slaves in the U. S....
Navy Officers, Pay of...........
107 Smithsonian Institution......

201
Navy, Vessels of War in ......
108 South Carolina ............

268
Navy Pension Agents.....
99 Southern Railroads .........

207
Navy Yards, Commanders of ........... 106 Sovereigns of Europe .......

... 317
Nebraska Territory .................... 314 Specific Duties. See Imports.
Nebraska Territory, Act establishing.... 132 State Department................
New Hampshire ......

222 State Elections, &c....
New Jersey...

251 State Finances, Debts, &c. .......
New Mexico Territory ....

313 Steamboat Inspectors ....
Newspapers, Postage on............172-178 Sun, Ephemeris of the .............. 47-52
New York ............................ 243 Sun's Parallax in Altitude.............. 64
New York, Railroads in................ 205 Supreme Court, U. S......
North Carolina ........................ 267 Surveyors of Land-Office.....
Obituary, American, in 1853............ 323 Surveyors General in New Mexico, Kanzas,
1666

1854............ 329 and Nebraska .................
Obituary, Foreign, in 1853 and 1854

336 Tennessee .........
Observatories, Latitude and Longitude of 41 Texas ......
Occultations .......................... 38|Theological Schools.........

......... 290 Tides, Height of Greatest, in 1855..
Oregon Territory ...................... 313 Titles and Abstracts of Public Laws ...... 127
Oregon Territory, Postal service in ...... 138 Tonnage of the U. S................160 - 164
Pamphlets and Magazines, Postage on.... 178 Tonnage, Comparative View of, for 39
Parallax in Altitude of the Sun.......... 641 Years ..................

163
Pennsylvania ..................."

.. 253 Trade, Foreign, Countries of.
Pension Agents, Army and Navy......

98, 99 Treasurers, Assistant,..............
Planets, Signs of the...

3 Treasury Department..
Pole Star, Apparent Places of the ....... 53 United States, Seventh Census...
Population of the Globe ................ 316 Utah Territory .....................
Population of the U.S. ............ 187, 189 Venus and Mars, Discs of ......
Population of Chief Cities in U. S....... 189 Vermont ..................... ..... 226
Postage, Rates of Inland................ 172 Vessels and Tonnage from 1815-1853 163 -
Postage, Foreign ...................174 - 178 Vessels of War in U.S. Navy ....

. . Navy .......... 108
Postage to Oregon and California, Foreign 174 Virginia ..........

......... 263
Postmasters in Chief Towns and Cities... 90 War Department ......

... 89
Postmasters, Compensation of .. 1 , 171/Warehousing System, Act concerning, ... 130
Post-Office Department ............. 90, 164 Washington Territory,

....... 314
Post Office Distributing Offices........90-93 Washington Territory, Postal Service in..
Post-Office Rec's and Expend's in 1852,
nie. Ron's and Exnand's in 1852. '53 169/ Western Railroads ........... .

.... 208
Post-Office Statistics since 1790........ 167|West Indian Governments...... ....... 316
Post-Office Revenue.................... 169 Winds and Clouds .................. 76-83
Presidents of the U.S.................. 87 Wisconsin ..............

308
Property of States.........

.... 195 Young's Refractions.....
Public Lands, Act to graduate and reduce Zodiac, Signs of the...................

Price of ..... .................. 141

Ohio ...........

Para ihlets andek, Posi

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »