The Geology of Chile
This book is the first comprehensive account in English of the geology of Chile, providing a key reference work that brings together many years of research, and written mostly by Chilean authors from various universities and other centres of research excellence. The 13 chapters begin with a general overview, followed by detailed accounts of Andean tectonostratigraphy and magmatism, the amazingly active volcanism, the world class ore deposits that have proven to be so critical to the welfare of the country, and Chilean water resources. The subject then turns to geophysics with an examination of neotectonics and earthquakes, the hazardous frequency of which is a daily fact of life for the Chilean population. There are chapters on the offshore geology and oceanography of the SE Pacific Ocean, subjects that continue to attract much research not least from those seeking to understand world climatic variations, and on late Quaternary land environments, concluding with an account examining human colonization of southernmost America. The geological evolution of Chile is the c. 550 million year history of a continental margin over 4000 km long. During his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle, an extended visit to Chile (1834-35) had a profound impact on Charles Darwin, especially on his understanding of volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis.
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Metallic ore deposits V Maksaev B Townley C Palacios F Camus
l0 Earthquakes in Chile S E Barrientos
Marine geology oceanography and climate M Marchant A Cecioni S Figueroa H Gonzalez S Giglio
l2 Late Quaternary environments and palaeoclimate C Latorre P I Moreno G Vargas A Maldonado
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activity Altiplano Andean andesitic Antofagasta Argentina Atacama backarc basaltic basin Batholith belt breccias caldera Cenozoic central Chile Central Depression Cerro Charrier Chilean climate Coastal Cordillera Congreso Geológico Chileno continental margin convergence copper crust crustal dacitic deformation deposits Early Cretaceous earthquake east eastern eruption event evolution extensional forearc Formation Geológica de Chile Geological Herve Holocene ignimbrites intercalations intrusive isotopic Journal Jurassic K-Ar Late Cretaceous Late Palaeozoic latitude lavas located magmatic arc Maksaev marine Marinovic Mesozoic metamorphic Metamorphic Complex mineralization Miocene Moreno Mpodozis Munoz Naranjo Nazca Nazca Plate Neogene northern Chile occurred oceanic Oligocene Palaeozoic Patagonian Permian plate Pleistocene Pliocene plutonic porphyry Precordillera pyroclastic Quaternary Quebrada region Revista Geológica rhyolitic Ridge Salar Salar de Atacama sandstones Santiago sedimentary sediments segment seismic Servicio Nacional Sierra South American southern Stern stratovolcanoes subduction tectonic thick tion Triassic unconformably Universidad de Chile uplift Vergara volcanic complex volcanic rocks western