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alarmed; they applied to the most ingenious artists in London for designs, and then, and not till then, the cottons recovered their former ascendancy. These facts are not unworthy of consideration, but it would indeed be unworthy to rest the merits of such an appeal upon such considerations. The glory of a nation in arts and arms is its truest and highest interest; and it is by impressing upon the hearts of a people the great and heroic deeds of their fathers and their brethren, that national greatness may be prolonged, and a succession of great and heroic men be called forth for the service of the country.
There is a series of pictures at Chantilly representing the victories of the Great Condé. We have greater victories to celebrate, and better artists to celebrate them. And for our churches, there is not only the inexhaustible source of Scripture, but the rich stores of our own ecclesiastical annals also, which have, in every way, too long been neglected, abounding as they do with examples that well deserve to be treasured up in our hearts. It is no reason because the Roman Catholics have abused pictures and images to the introduction of a gross and palpable idolatry, that we, among whom no such abuse is possible, should debar ourselves from the advantage of speaking to the eyes of the people, and thereby imprinting upon the young imagination ideas which would never be effaced, and lessons which might sometimes be remembered in an hour of need, and thoughts which would be the prolific seed of virtuous actions. It is not painters alone that painting makes; it has made heroes and penitents, and saints and martyrs, by calling forth whatever emulation is just and salutary. In bestowing upon it that national encouragement to which it has so strong and irresistible a claim, we should be giving an impulse to benevolence and virtue and patriotism as well as to genius.
The British sovereigns have often shown a sense of the value of this art, and been its liberal patrons according to the circumstances of their age. Henry VIII. protected and encouraged Holbein. In Elizabeth's reign we were excluded from the countries in which painting flourished and great artists were to be found, by the fierce intolerance of papal policy; but that queen well understood how desirable it was that great and glorious actions should be preserved fresh in the memory of the people, and she hung the House of Lords with tapestry representing the defeat of the Armada. Charles I. loved poetry and painting; and had his reign been passed in tranquillity, England would have had no cause to envy the collections of foreign princes. After his time the decline of the art came on; and when the dome of St. Paul's and the pictures for Greenwich were painted, the views of the government went beyond the genius which could then be found in the country to an
swer them. The late king appreciated painting and music with a real feeling of what was excellent in both. Handel was his favourite musician, and it will be remembered (to his honour) that for thirty years he employed Mr. West when that admirable artist had no commission from any other person.
Of the disposition of his present Majesty to encourage whatever is connected with the dignity and honour of the country it would be superfluous to speak: the Royal Academy contains munificent proofs of his liberality to the arts. The sense of the legislature too has been distinctly pronounced by the purchase of the Elgin Marbles, an act of which the wisdom is becoming every day more and more evident. Many foreigners have already come into this island solely for the purpose of seeing these marbles. Casts from the whole collection have been already sent to Bavaria, to Wirtemberg, to Russia: others have been ordered for Florence. The school of sculpture will soon be in England. We have seen in our own exhibition the work of Canova beside that of an Englishman, and England might well be satisfied with the excellence to which her native artist had attained. That national encouragement is asked for painting which sculpture already receives and when that encouragement is given, England will assert and win for herself as high a pre-eminence in art as she holds at this time in commerce, in science, in literature and in arms.
TWENTY-THIRD VOLUME OF THE QUARTERLY
ACBAR (Sultan), memorable inscription on
the seal of, 6.
Addison, real state of Pope's quarrel with,
Advice to Julia, a Letter in Rhyme, 505
-its character, ib. 506-510-descrip-
tion of a dandy's conversation, 507-of
London in Autumn, 507, 508-a trip to
Margate in the Steam-boat, 508, 509.
Albanians, character of, 337-their dances,
Alexandria, state of literature at, 137, 138.
Ali, Pasha of Albania, character of, 128.
Almanach des Gourmands, 245.
America, state of churches in, 550, 551-
disregard of divine worship by the Ame-
rican Convention, 551, note.
Ames (Fisher), on the liberty of the press,
the best translation of Aristophanes, ex-
Art (Works of), propriety of introducing
them into churches considered, 586-
Athenians (ancient), manners of, 245-dif-
ferent kinds of bread, made and used by
them and by the other Greeks, 246—
248-their pastry and confectionary,
249-account of their cooks, 249-254
—and sauces, 254-256-different sorts
of fish eaten by them, 256, 257—259—
instances of their love of fish, 259, 260
-account of their fishmongers, 261, 262
-and of the perfumes used by them,
263, 264-especially of flowers, 264,
265-their wines, 266, 267-water
drinkers satirized, 268-general mode of
living among the citizens of Athens, 269
-their clubs and pic-nic parties, 270-
of the repasts of the common Athenians,
271-274-curious political salad, 275
-banquets of the higher classes, 276—
Andaman Islanders, account of, 81.
Anne (Queen), state of affairs at her acces-
sion, 9, 10-composition and character
of her ministers, 10, 11-violence of
party, 19-her letter to the Duke of
Marlborough, against his resigning his
command in chief, 20-her reflection on
the battle of Blenheim, 30-cabal among
her ministers against the Duke of Marl-
borough, 43-her duplicity to him, 50-
her death, 69-for the principal military
events in her reign, see Marlborough
Arabs, instance of the treachery of, 279.
Aristophanes, extracts from the comedies
of, 254, 255. 260. 262. 268. 271-278.
comedies of, translated by
Mr. Mitchell, 474-principles of the
Aristophanic Comedy, 475-incidents of
his Thesmophoriozousæ, 476,477-origin
of the Acharnians, 477-and of the
Knights, 477, 478-plot of the Achar-
nians, 485-translation of a scene omitted
by Mr. Mitchell, 486-489-principles
of translation, developed and applied to
a translation of Aristophanes, 480-485.
489, 490-general character of Mr.
Mitchell's translation, 474-examination
of the execution of particular parts, with
specimens, 491-504-this decidedly!
Athenians (modern), character of, 340, 341.
Athos (Mount), account of the monastery
Autumn near the Rhine, 434-character
of, 436. See Germany.
Autumn in London, poetically described,
Banquets of the Athenians, account of, 276
Barber (Mr. Alderman), anecdote of, 423.
Baths, effect of the inordinate use of, on
the constitutions of the modern Greek
Battles of Schellenberg, 24, 25-of Blen-
heim, 28-of Ramilies, 40-of Oudenard,
53-of Maplaquet, 59, 60.
Bavaria (Elector), defeated by the Duke of
Marlborough at Schellenberg, 24, 25—
his negociations with the duke, 26—his
country given up to military execution,
27-and completely subdued by the
battle of Blenheim, 30.
Bellamy (John), New Translation of the
Bible, Part II. 287-additional proofs
of his unfitness for the work, ib. 288.
-refutation of his assertion, that Jerome
made his Latin translation from the
Greek and not from the Hebrew, 29%, | Brewster (Rev. John), Sketch of the His-
293-and that all modern European
translations have been made from the
Septuagint and Vulgate, 294-298-his
slander of the English Universities dis-
proved, 299, 300-and also his assertion
that there was not a single critical He-
brew scholar among the translators of the
authorized version, 301-304-speci-
mens of his blunders, 307-317-his
utter incompetency for the task he has
undertaken, 324, 325.
Belly and the Members, fable of, versified,
tory of Churches, 549.
Burgess (Sir James), Reasons in favour of
a New Translation of the Bible, 287—
his abuse of the Quarterly Review, 289
-specimens of his ignorance and un-
fairness, 289-291-refutation of his
assertion that Jerome executed his Latin
version of the Old Testament from the
Greek and not from the Hebrew, 293,
294-wilful blunder respecting the au-
thorised translators of the Bible, 503
note, 305, 306, 307-examination of his
misrepresentations concerning the Quar-
terly Review, 318-324-his plagia-
Belzoni (M.), assassination of, attempted
by two renegade Frenchmen at Thebes,
94-discovers the ruins of Bernice, 95.
Bible, authorized translation of, tracts in
vindication of, 287-when any transla-Caloyers or Greek monks of Salympria,
account of, 343, 344-and of Mount
tion may be said to be made from the
original, 291, 292-notice of English
translations of it, antecedent to the pre-
sent authorized version, 295-298-
notices of the translators, 301-303-
and of the instructions given to them, 305
Canada, advantages of, for emigration, over
the United States of North America, 374,
375, 376-advice to persons emigrating
thither, 377-importance of gypsum as
a manure there, 378, 379-observations
on the deeded lands, granted by govern-
ment, 381-notice of the settlement of
Perth, 382-state of the church in Up-
per Canada, 383, 384-account of pro-
posed improvements in its inland naviga-
tion, 385, 386-objections to emigrating
to this country considered, 390-not
likely to be conquered by the United
States of America, 390-ineans of ad-
vancing the prosperity of this colony,
391-importance of diffusing informa-
tion concerning it, ib. 592, 393-illus-
trated by an estimate of expenses, 394,
395-what class of persons best for emi-
Bishop's Bible, notice of, 297, 298.
Blackader (Colonel) remark of, on the
English army, under the Duke of Marl-
borough, 22, 23-his reflections on the
battles of Schellenberg, 25—of Blenheim,
27, and note of Ramilies, 40-of
Oudenard, 53-of Maplaquet, 60.
Blenheim (battle of), 28.
Blow-pipe, structure of, 467-account of
its application to fusion, 468-471-
analogy in its operations to the nature of
volcanoes, 470, 471.
Bosset (Lieut. Col.), Proceedings at Parga,
111-his mistakes corrected, 115-his
misconduct as governor of Parga, 129,
Bourbons, policy of, considered, since the
return of Louis XVIII., 196.
Bowles (Rev. W. L.), on the invariable
Principles of Poetry, 400-strictures on
his hostility to Pope, 407, 408-on his
definition of poetical execution, 409—
and on his observations on the poetic
character of Pope, 409, 410-Mr.
Bowles's Invariable Principles of Poetry
examined, 410, 411-vindication of the
poet's private character against his as-
persions, 412, 413-particularly respect-
ing Pope's quarrel with Lady Mary
Wortley Montague, 414-418-and with
Addison, 419-421-his unjust charge
against Pope for censuring Rowe, 421,
Bread, different sorts of, used by the Athe-
nians and other Greeks, 246-248.
Chapels, private, cause of the increase of,
Châtelet (Marchioness du), origin of her
acquaintance with Voltaire, 156, 157–
her reception of Madame de Grafigny,
157-description of her apartment, 159
-her occupations, 160-prys into the
letters of her visitors, 161-her barbarous
treatment of Madame de Grafigny, 163,
Church, state of, in Canada, 383, 384.
Churches, want of in North America, 550,
551-want of them in London in the
reign of William and Mary, 563-ot
Queen Anne, 553-deficiency of them
at present, in England, 553, 554-evil
consequences of this want, 554. 559-
influence of the church on the peasantry,
558-motives that anciently promoted
the erection of churches, 559, 550-
liberality of James I. in erecting churches |
in Scotland and Ireland, 561-outline of
the Act of Parliament for building new
Churches, 565, 566-Dr. Franklin's
opinion on building churches, 566-spe-
culative impiety, circulated through the
press, a reason for the erection of them,
567-St. Paul's, the first church erected
in Britain, 582-beauty of the English
churches, 583--the retaining of pews in
them, defended, 584, 585-the propriety
of decorating them with works of art
Churchill, the poet, anecdote of, 433.
Churchill (Lord). See Marlborough.
Church-yards of the metropolis, observa-
tions on, 559-simple expedient for pre-
venting the robbery of graves in, 559
Clare (John), Poems, descriptive of Rural
Life, 166-biographical notice of him,|
166-171-specimens of his poems, ib.
172-comparison of him with Burns and
Bloomfield, 173-concluding advice to
Clarke (Dr. E. D.), on the Gas Blow-pipe,
466-origin and progress of his discove-
ries, in the art of fusion, 467, 468--ac-
count of his mode of using the blow-
pipe, 468-470-on the analogy in its
operations to the nature of volcanoes,
470, 471-remarks thereon, 473.
Clergy, of modern Greece, wretched state
of, 342-of England, duties of, before
the Reformation, 553-their influence
after that event, 554-why they cannot
have the same influence now, in large
parishes, 564-real causes of their dimi-
nished in fluence, 580-increased facili-
ties given to produce qualified ministers,
Clubs of the Athenians, notice of, 270.
Colonies, in a more immoral state than their
mother countries, 552.
Comedy, early, of modern Europe, stric-
tures on, 474, 475-principles of the
Aristophanic comedy, 475, 476.
Commerce of modern Greece, notice of, 335
-causes of the stagnation of commerce
in Germany, 450.
Confectionary of the Athenians, 249.
Cooks (Greek), account of, 249-253-
notice of the fraternity of, at Athens,
Coray (M.), Ελληικὴ Βιβλιοθήκη, 136. See
Course of the Niger. See Niger.
Coverdale's Translation of the Bible, notice
Coxe (Rev. Wm.), Memoirs of John Duke
of Marlborough, 1-strictures on his re-
Docherd (Mr.) progress of, through the in-
terior of Africa, 241, 242.
Douglas (Hon. F. S. N.), Essay on certain
points of resemblance between the an-
cient and modern Greeks, 325. See
Duigenan (Dr.), vindicated from the
charges of Mr. Edgeworth, 517.
Dutch, noble reception of the Duke of
Marlborough by, 15-vacillation of the
Dutch government, 12, 13-their crooked
policy impedes the plans and progress of
the Duke of Marlborough, 17-and also
the misconduct of their generals, 18—
interpose additional difficulties in the
Duke's way, 35, 36.
Duval (Amciury), Exposé des Faits sur la
Cession de Parga, 111—falsehood of his
statements, 127. 133 note.
Edgeworth (R. L. Esq.), Memoirs of, by
himself and his daughter, 510-anec-
dotes of his ancestors, 511-514-his
lax notion of the degrees of kindred, be-
tween whom marriage may be contracted,
512-sundry improbabilities in his nar-
rative pointed out, 513-birth of Mr.
Edgeworth, 510-anecdote of his early
years, 514-his mock marriage, 515—
falsehood detected in his account of it,
516-and in his statement relative to a
college-examination, 517, 518-his first
marriage, 518, 519-attempts at tele-