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GEOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION

OF THE

STATE OF LOUISIANA,

THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE

STATE OF MISSISSIPPI,

AND

TERRITORY OF ALABAMA;

PRESENTING

A VIEW OF THE SOIL, CLIMATE, ANIMAL, VEGETABLE, AND MINERAL

PRODUCTIONS ; ILLUSTRATIVE OF THEIR NATURAL PHYSIOGNOMY,
THEIR GEOGRAPHICAL CONFIGURATION, AND RELATIVE SITUATION :
WITH AN ACCOUNT OF THE CHARACTER AND MANNERS OF THE

INHABITANTS.

Together with

Α Μ Α Ρ,

FROM ACTUAL SURVEY AND OBSERVATION, PROJECTED ON A SCALE OF

TEN MILES TO AN INCR, OF

THE STATE OF LOUISIANA,

AND

ADJACENT COUNTRIES.

SECOND EDITION, ENLARGED AND IMPROVED.

BY WILLIAM DARBY.

Je répéterai encore ce que j'ai déjà dit plussieurs fois, que la Louisiane est
sans contredit le plus beau pays de l'univers par la douceur de son elimat et
son heureuse situation.

L'on y peut cultiver avec succès toutes les plantes de l'Europe, sans dis-
tinction, et presque toutes celles de l'Amèrique.

Memoire de M. De Vergennes sur la Louisiane.

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EW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY JAMES OLMSTEAD;
SOLD ALSO BY B. LEVY & co. BOOKSELLERS, NEW ORTEATS.

J. Seymour, printer.

Checked
May 1913

1817.

THE
NEW YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY

Astor, Lonex and Theron

Founérthens.

SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, 88.
B

E IT REMEMBERED, That on the twenty-third day of June, in the Forty-first year of

the Independence of the United States of America, Å D. 817, JAMES OLMSTEAD, of the said d sirict, hath depos ted in this office the Title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in the words following, to wit:

" A Geographical Description of the State of Louisiana, the southern part of the State of Mississippi, and Territory of Alabama; presenting a view of the soil, climate, animal, vegetable, and mineral productions; illustrative of their Natural Physiognomy, their Geographical configuration, and relative situation, with an account of the character and manners of the inhabitants; together with a a Map, from actual Survey and Observation, projected on a Scale of ten miles to an inch, of the State of Louisiana and Adjacent Countries. Second edition enlarged and improved. By William Darby.

“ Je répéterai encore ce que j'ai déjà dit plussieurs fois, que la Louisiane est sans contredit le plus beau pays de l'univers par la douceur de son climat et son heureuse situation.

"L'on y peut cultiver avec succès, toutes les plantes de l'Europe, sans distinction, et presque toutes celles de l'Amèrique.

Memoire de M. De Vergennes sur In Louisiane." In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, intitled, " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned."- And also to the Act, entitled, • An Act supplementary to an act, entitled an act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies. during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."

THËRON RUDD, Clerk of the Southern District of New-York.

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

THE following work has now been several years in progress; events both of a public and private nature have alternately accelerated and retarded its advance.

Its introduction to the public, however, could not have happened at a moment more auspicious than the present, or when correct information respecting Louisiana could have been more interesting

The author has resided in the region embraced by his work, during the time that has elapsed since its incorporation into the United States' government. The various events and revolutions that have developed the character of the people, and demonstrated the value of Louisiana. as an acquisition to the United States, have passed in review before him.

Having eagerly sought and patiently examined all kind of information in any respect relating to the political, moral, or natural history of Louisiana, but little äid has been received from foreign sources. Few works have been written on the subject that contain extensive information, and the number still more rare whose delineations are accurate.

Many works have been written upon Louisiana, containing but little matter that can either

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