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DEVOTED TO THE CAUSE OF TRUTH, VIRTUE, AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
Deth not mid nature's treasures shino.
THE GEM AND THE PEARL.
married, Oct. 4, 1724, Ruth, daughter of ed was that of Capt. Giles Mumford, who
Christopher Christophers. They had a purchased the lot of Capt. Deshon.in 1785. There is a gem of price untold,
family of seven children, viz., one daugh. It was the first house of threo stories in More precious than the purest gold, Than blushing ruby, sapphire's glow
ter, Grace, who married Joseph Chew, height, that had ever been erected in New More beauteous than the sun-lit brow, and six sons, of whom, Capt. John Deshon, London. 'Tis found wherever man hath trod,
the principal subject of this article, was Capt. Deshon's wife was Sarah, daugh'Mid Greenland's snows, on Afric's sod; the second.
ter of Benjamin Starr. They both died It speaketh not in diademThe soul--the soul—that priceless gem,
He was horn 25th Dec., 1727. He went in June, 1792, within eighteen days of
early to sea, and followed that course of each other, leaving but one child, Sarah, There is a pearl more lovely far
life for twenty-fivo or thirty years; was wife of Samuel Wheat. They were inThan India's diamond, evening's star; A matchless pearl of purest ray,
successful in his adventures, and relin- terred in the second Burial Ground, but Resplendent as the orb of day.
quishing the actual command of a vessel, their remains havo been renoved to Cedar It is not sought through surging ware, was engaged in mercantile pursuits when Grove Cemetery. It lieth not in ocean cave,
the revolutionary war took place. In the It gleameth not 'mid fashion's whirl;
Though Capt. Deshon left no sons, tho The grace of God, that matchless pearl. commencement of the struggle he was ap. name through a collateral branch is still
pointed to serve on various committees of extant among us. Capt. John Deshon, That radiant gem of priceless worth
the colony for furnishing naval supplies, now living in New London, in the calm Is thine, whoe'er thou art by birth; That matchless pearl of ray divino
and during the whole contest was consult- enjoyment of a green old age, is the neph
ed and employed in the maritime affairs ew and namesake of the former Captain. 'Tis proffered to thee from above,
of this district. If a vessel was to be sent Like him he went early tu sca, has travImmanuel's purchase, gift of love;
out secretly, either to obtain salt, or toorsed the ocean in various directions, and Oh, let the pearl thy gern enfo ld, Like diamond sot in finest gold,
purchase a supply of lead, sulphur or trafficked in many ports. It is pleasant flints; or some species of craft was to be to see, walking in our streets, in 1861,
armed hastily and dispatched on a special with firm step and cheerful countenance, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
cruise, Capt. Deshon was one of the persons one who so long ago as 1798 was entrusted relied on to expedite and manage the bus- with command of a ship. In that year iness. His, special office appears to have Capt. Deshon sailed from New-London as been that of Commissary to the Forts and mate of the armed merchant ship Criteri. State vessels. This he held by appoint-on-armed to resist any aggression that ment of the Connecticut authorities. The might be met with from the French, who
Provincial Congress also appointed him were then annoying our commerce. Tho Capt. John Deshon, one of the old sea- a member of the Naval Board of the master having died on the voyage, he recaptains of New London, a veteran in the Eastern Department. The residence of turned from Bilboa in command of the West-India trade, merits an honorable Capt. Deshon in Main Street was subse- vessel. Since that period he has made record among the patriots of the revolu. quently known as the Wheat house. It some thirty or forty voyages to Europe tionary war.
stood upon the spot now occupied by the and the West Indics. His father, Daniel Deshon, is supposed tasteful mansion of Mr. Sidney Miner,
In former days almost all our young to have been the son of one of those thirty and was reputed to have been ono of the men took to the seas, and made voyages, Huguenots that emigrated from France first dwelling houses, regularly framed few or many. The crews of our trading with their families, in 1686, the year after and glazed, that was erected in the town. vessels were generally natives of the vithe revocation of the edict of Nantes, and The timber of the frame was cut from the cinity. It is otherwise now; a large prosettled in Oxford, Mass, The settlement ground where it stood; the chimney was portion of them are from abroad. In was subsequently broken up by an inva. constructed of brick imported from Hol-looking minutely into our local bistory, sion of the Indians, and the emigrants land, and the original windows were form. it is astonishing to see how many of our dispersed into other parts of New Eng. ed of small, diamond-shaped panes, 'set in people have acquired the title of Captain. land. Rene Grignon, a man of some note lead. It was taken down in 1851. having some indeed hare acquired it by station among them, fixed his residence in Nor- stood upwards of one hundred and seven in the militia, but in far, the greater numwich, and there died, in the year 1715.– ty.years. In the rear of this house, Capt. ber of instances it denotes the masters of Daniel Deskron was at that time a youth Deshon had a rope-walk, running to Hun sloops, packets, schooners and larger vosin bis family, and one of the legatees men- tington Street, which had not then been sels, men who from childhood have lived tioned in his will. At a later period De opened. This street was surveyed and much at sea, and risen to their rank by shon settled in New London, where he laid out in 1784, and the first houso erect- I skill in breasting the mountain wave.
CAPT. JOHN DESHOX.
W. H. STARR.
THE REPOSITORY: the influence of an vernal sun, disappear emotion, so much ardor of affection in woas snows the
. NEW LONDON, CONN. almost unobserved and run off? No, sir! men, that they constantly stimulate men
I will not state what might produce the lo exertion, and have, at the same time, a
disruption of the Union; but, sir, I see as most powerful agency in soothing the anThursday, January 10, 1861.
plain as I see the sun in the heaven what gry feelings, and in mitigating the barsh
that disruption itself must produce. I see and narrow propensities which are gener“ SECESSION.”
that it must produce war, and such war ated in the strife of passions.
The advantages of giving a superior ed. How sadly and harshly does this ill. acter.
ucation to women are not confined to omened word grate upon the ear! Secess- “ Peaceable sccession ! Peaceable seces- themselves, but have a salutary ibfluence ion is disruption and disruption is disunion, sion! The concurrent agreement of all
The fear that increased inand disunion is dishonor and disgrace to the members of this great Republic to struction will render them incompetent or our country. We hear of peaceable seces- separate! A voluntary separation, with neglectful in domestic life, is absurd in sion. Is any one blind enough not to see alimony on tne che side and on the other ! theory, and completely destroyed by facts. that this is imposible. Does the South in Why, what would be the result? Where Women, as well as men, when once estabite suicidal policy look for peaceable seces. is the line to be drawn? What States are lished in life, know that there is an end of sion ? Does South Carolina desire it? If to secede? What is to retain America ?
triling; its solicitudes and duties multiply. so, what means the seizure of the pub- Wbat am I to be? An American no lon
upon them equally fast; the former are lic property-the Arsenal—the Govern- ger? Am I to become a sectional man, a apt to feel them much more keenly, and ment fortifications and the U. S. Cutter! local man, a separatist with no country in
too frequently abandon all previous acPeaceable Secession, devoutly as it may be common with the gentlemen who sit
quirements to devote themselves wholly to longed for and prayed for, is an impossi- around me here, or who fill the other house these. But, if one sex have cultivated and bility. Let us ponder over the words of of Congress ? Heaven forbid? Where is refined minds, the other must meet them the last great speech of Webster in the the flag of the Republic to remain ? - from shame, if not from sympathy. Ifa Senate. In 1850, in the maturity of his Where is the eagle still to tower? Or is
man finds that his wife is not a mere nurse powers and the full vigor of his intellect he he to cower and shrink, and fall to the
or a house-keeper; that she can, when the thus spoke of " secession ":ground? Why, sir, our ancestors, our
nccupations of the day are over, enliven a “I should much prefer to bave heard fathers and our grand-fathers, those of them
winter's evening ; that she can converse from every member on this floor, declara- that are yet living among us with prolong
on the usual topics of literature, and entions of opinion that this Union could ed lives, would rebuke and reproach us, joy the pleasures of superior conversation, never be disolved, that the declaration of and our children and grand-children would
or the reading of a valuable book, he must opinion by anybody, that, in any case, un cry out shame upon us, if we of this gen. have a perverted taste, indeed, if it does der the pressure of any circunstances,such eration should dishonor these ensigns of
not make home still dearer, and prevent a dissolution was possible. I bear with the power of the government and the har. him from resorting to taverns for recreadistress and anguish the word “Secession,” mony of that Union which is every day tion. The benefits to her children need especially when it falls from the lips of felt among us with so much joy and grati
not be mentioned; instruction and cultitude," those who are patriotic, and known to the
vated taste in a mother enbance their res. country and known all over the world, for
pect and afiection for her, and their love their political services. Secession! Peace- INFLUENCE OF FEMALES ON of home,and throw a charm over the whole able Secession? Sir, your eyes and mine
scene of domestic life. are never destined to see that miracle.The dismemberment of this vast country Female influence is a most important H0N. JOHN A. BOLLES' LECTURE. without convulsion! The breaking up of characteristic, not only in every departthe fountains of the Great Deep without ment of social life, but in every phase of rufling of the surface! Who is so foolish christian, civilized or even savage society.
The fourth Lecture of the Citizens' [I beg everybody's pardon) as to expect to Tudor remarks, “From an accurate ac. Course, .was delivered by the Hon. John see any such thing? Sir, he who sees count of the condition of women in
A. Bolles, of Boston, on Thursday eren
any these States, now revolving in harmony country, it would not be difficult to infer ing, Jan. 3d. Subject, “The United around a common centre, and expects to the whole state of society. So great is the States a Tributary Nation until 1815."see them quit their places and fly off, | influence they exercise on the character of The lecture consisted of an account of without convulsion, muy look the next men, that the latter will be elevated or de- the insults and exactions to which our hour to see the heavenly bodies rush from graded, according to the situation of the government and people submitted from their spheres and jostle against each other weaker sex. Where women are slaves, as the Barbary powers, from 1784 to 1815. in the realms of space, without causing the in Turkey, the men will be the same ;-Owing to the inclemency of the weather, wreck of the Universe. There can be no where they are treated as mortal beings, the lecturer was not favored with as large such thing as peaceable secession. Peacea- - where their minds are cultivated, and an audience as the preceding ones. The ble secession is an utter impossibility. Is they are considered equals,—the state of next lecture will be delivered on Thursthe great Constitution under which we society must be high, and the character of day evenirs, Jan. 10, by Rev. E: H. Chalive, covering this whole country, is it to the men energetic and noble. There is so pin, D. D., of New York. Subject be thawed and melted away by secession, much quickness of comprehension, so
"Man and his work,"
CITY ITEMS. service on the line, under command of and goodness with such force of concep
Capt. Wilcox, early in the month of April, tion and execution-pone which exhibits Public Fast.-Friday last, appointed
Her consort, the City of New York, is not so large an amount of that fearlessness of by Gov. Buckingham as a day of fasting
so far advanced toward completion, and results which is the necessary condition oi and prayer, in consideration of the immi- will not make her appearance until some impartial judgment and trustworthy state.
time later, nent peril of our Union, was generally ob
These are to be first-class passenger served in this city. Business was general
The second volume of the work is now ly suspended, and in most of the churches boats constructed with special reference to ready and the remainder will appear in prayer meetings were held by their re.
speed. They are built at the yard of monthly numbers in the well known ex
Messrs, Samuel Sneeden & Co., Green-cellent style of the publishers, at the folspective congregations. An interesting and deeply impressive service was held at point, L. I.
lowing prices, viz.:-In cloth, (cut or unthe St. James (Episcopal) Church, in the
BANK DIVIDENDS.—We give below the cut,) $1.50; in sheep, library style, $2,00 ; forenoon, The Pastor, Rev. Dr. Hallan, declared dividends of all the Banks of the in half turkev, $2,50. Every well furin on able and impressive discourse, relat- city, from their earnings during the past
nished library should have a copy of this ing to the present unhappy condition of six months, viz. :
valuable work, the country “viewed its troubles as the Union Bank,...
.34 per cent. judgements of God for the sins of the na- Bank of Commerce,
THE ILLUSTRATED INSTRUCTOR IN PHRENOL
.3 tion; putting entirely out of view the New London Bank,.
OGY AND PHYSIOLOGY; with over one hun
.4 political strifes and commotions which on Whaling Bank,.
dred engravings, together with a Phreno4
logical Chart of Character. By 0. S. and the surface might appear instrumental in
L. N. Fowler, Practical Phrenologists. New bringing them upon us, and setting forth N. L. Co. Savings Bank,
York: Fowler & Wells, Publishers, No. 308 the national tendency to forgetfulness and
Broadway, disregard of the divine commands, in pun. SALE OF REAL ESTATE.-Dr. O. H. Messrs. Fowler & Wells have published ishment for which our present calamities Jewell bas purchased of Joseph Smith the a new edition, revised and enlarged, of aro visited upon us."
house and lot corner of Main and Doug. this really practical work. Its object is, Those who were present regarded the lass Streets, for $3,500. We learn he in- as its title indicates, to teach learners, con. discourse as peculiarly adapted to the oc- tends to occupy the premises, and remove densing facts and conditions, stating laws casion. We learn that its publication his place of business on the 1st of April and results, and leaving them on their will becalled for. next.
own merits. It gives clearly and in the “ Young America" as usual regarded the
fewest words just what learners need, and day as a holiday and in the afternoon and LITERARY NOTICES. its analysis of the faculties, illustrated by evening the contiguous skating localities
its numerous engravings, embody the rewere not forgotten or neglected by them, HISTORY OF LATIN CHRISTIANITY; including sults of the very extensivo observations notwithstanding the Governor's recom
that of the Popes to the Pontificate of Nicho- and experience of the authors. Price,
las V. By Henry Hart Milman, D. D., thirty cents. Sent by mail to all applimend ation.
Dean of St. Paul's. In eight volumes,
This magnificent work now peing pubNOON PRAYER MEETINGS.—The Noon- lished by Messrs. Sheldon & Co., No. 115, day Union Prayer Meetings, established Nassau Street, New York, and which is
NORWICH WEEKLY COURIER, The about three years ago, first in the Vestry attracting great interest, is really a history united by Messrs. Manning, Platt & Co.,
Norwich Bulletin and Courier have been room of the 1st Baptist Church, and more of mediæval Europe, from the point of
under the titles of the Norwich Morning recently at the Conference room of the 1st view of the Christian Church. The auCongregational Church in this city, dur- thor says truly in his Introduction, that Bulletin, and Norwich Weekly Courier. ing the present week are being led by the “ the great event in the history of our re
Wecongratulate the public that our Coun. clergyman of the various city churches in ligion and of mankind, during many cen- ty has the honor of issuing the best Weekturn. The week, commencing the first turies after the
extinction of paganism, is ly and Daily in the State. The united isSunday in the month, having been ap- the rise, the development, and the domina- sue is really a "double team,” and we trust pointed a special season of prayer for the tion of Latin Christianity," Dr. Mil- will draw, not only a vast circle of conversion of the world, it is observed in man's history has received the highest intelligent, refined, and liberal readers, all similar meetings, throughout the State commendation of theological scholars, and but also a most bountiful padding for the in the same manner.
is alone among works of its kind fascina: pockets of its enterprising conductors, who ting as literature to the general and non
so richly deserve it. Success to the Bul.
letin and Courier. THE NEW STEAMBOATS.-We learn professional reader. from the Chronicle that the City of Boston, It is stated in the London Quarterly Re
MARRIED. the first of the two new steamers building view, that“ No such work has appeared in for the Norwich and New London Steam- English ecclesiastical literature none GOFF-EMMONS.-In East Haddam, on the 23rd
ult., Mr. Lucius E. Goff and Miss Augusta J. Emboat Co., to be run on the line between which combines such breadth of view with Allyn's Point and this city, and New such depth of research-such high literaYork, is to be launched on some day of ry and artistic eminence with such patient
DIED. this week-probably Thurday. She will, and elaborate investigation—such appreit is thought, bo finished and ready for oiation of the various forms of greatness ROGERS, Ip Waterford, on the 8th inst, Colinda,
wife of Capt. Paul Rogers. Jr., aged 71,
as clouds. When the watery particles THE HIDDEN CROSS.
reach a warmer temperaturo they are again
LESSONS TROK NATURI. The following beautiful lines have been several
dissolved, and part or the whole of the times republished and are worthy of being perpes
cloud disappears--the vapor of course still uated.
remaining, but in an invisible state. This It was a time of sadness, and my heart,
may often occur, for at different beights Although it knew and loved the better part,
different currents of air are flowing in Felt wearied with the contlict and the sirile, And all the needful aiscipline of life.
opposite directions, and therefore with vaAnd while I thought on these, as given to me, At all temperatures, the air about us rying degrees of bent. Clayton, who asMy trial tests of faith and love to be, 1: soom'd as if I never could be sure,
contains more or less moisture in an in- cended from Kentucky in a balloon, in Thai faithful to the end I should endure.
visible state. Intervals are believed to 1837 states that in the upward progress, his And thus no longer trusting to his might, exist between the particles of air, and hours, and that he once beheld a snow
course was changed five times in fourteen Who says,
we walk by faith, and not by sight” those intervals are filled with vapor arising white cloud at the distance of a mile boDoubting, and almost yielding to despair, The though arose-Mycross I cannot bear; from the earth. As the air is warmed, low him, drifting in an opposite direction. Far heavier its weight must surely be, Than those of others which I daily see; the particles are more widely separated
The ever varying forms of clouds may 0, if I might another burden choose,
be reduced to four classes. The cirrus or and more room is given for the moisture the cumulus, the stratus, the nimbus. 08 Methinks I should not fear my crown to lose.
to ascond. This capacity increases, how these the cirrus or curl-cloud is the lightest A solemn silence reign'd on all around, E'en nature's voices uttered not a sound; ever, at a faster rate than the torr perature, and loftiest. It has a slender fibrous strucThe evening shadows seem'd of peace to tell, the rulo being, tbat for overy twenty-sev- of all. Its filaments are usually termin
lure, and is the most delicately wrought And sleep upon my wearied spirit fell. A moment's pause--and then a heavenly light en additional degrees of heat the quantity ated in a curl, whence tho naine curl.cloud. Beam'd full upon my wondering sight, Angels on silvery wings seem'd everywhere, is doubled. Now, in the daily process of a famous German meteorologist has often And angels' music thrill'd the balmy air.
ovaporation, warm currents of air filled observed clouds of this variety, which be Thon one, more fair than all the rest to see,
with moisture, in ascending from the estiinated to be more than 21,000 feet in One-to whomall others bow'd the knee
height. Came gently to me as I trembling lay, ourth, with a colder atmosphere, which
The cumulus derives its name from Lat. And · Follow me," he said, “I am the way."
cannot retain their humidity, and a cloud in, signifying a heap. The vapor appears Then speaking thus, he led me farabove, And there beneath a canopy of love,
appears, increasing in bulk, as it tends up- as if heaped or piled up in banks. Its poCrosses of divers shape and size were seen,
sition in the morning is near the earth, Larger and smaller than my own had beon, ward.
but as the warmth of the sun increases, it And one there was most beauteous to behold,
Clouds exist in different tonperatures, attains a greater altitude, and at night deA little one, with jewels set in gold
at diferent beights, and in an almost end- secends. It is the most beautiful of all Ah, this methought, I can with comfort wear, For it will be an easy one to bear, less variety of form. In the hottest day ing, frequently in a few light specks on
clouds. It appears small in the mornAnd so the little cross I quickly took, But all at once my frame beneath it shook; of Summer the burning rays of the sun the sky and gradually increases in size till The sparkling jewls fair they were to see, But far too heavy was their weight for me.
pour down upon us from between their the hottest part of the day and then dimin.
light folds, and the coldest wintry sky is ishing often disappears at sunset, This may not be, I cried, and looked again deformed by their presence. According I behield's most gorgeous display of this
Some years ago, wbile upon the water, To see if any here could ease my pain, But one by one I pass'd them slowly by, Till on a lovely one I cast my eye.
to meteorologists, frozen vapor sometimes variety of cloud. For a number of days Fair flowers around its sculpiured form entwined, suffices to form clouds, snow-clouds as a thick fog had enveloped us, and we And grace and beauty seein'd in it combined; Wondering, I gazed, and still I wondered more, they are called. The reason for this be- could see little exrept the fog and the waTo think so many should have pass'd it o'er.
ter below. lief is, that minute particles of frost have
Occasionally, as a steamer
passed us, wo could hear ihe wheels workBut, oh! that form so beautiful to see,
been seen to rise froin the earth. Nature ing in the water, and sometimes bear the Soon made its bidden sorrows known to me; Thorng lay beneath those flowers and colors fair; oft-times calls for a marshalling of these sound of voices through the thick sea of Sorrowing, I said, This cross I may not bear,
forces, and an innumerable host clad in vapor. Toward the close of day a wind And so it was with each and all around, Not one to suit my need could there be found.
their icy armor start up from the earth scattered the mist, and the heavens were Weeping, I laid each heavy burden down.
revealed. along upon the opposito shore As my guide gently said, “No cross--no crown,"
and leap into the air, their glittering frost there was drawn a long, white veil of mist, At length to him I raised my sadden'd heart;
spears glancing and bristling in the sun- which soon burned like fire. Above, He knew its sorrow, bid its doubts depari- light; these particles appear as clouds, and the gigantic cumuli were piled up in large " Be not afraid," he said, " but trust in me; My perfect love shall now be shown to thee." hence the name snow-clouds.
masses, so vast-50 grand that one could And then with ligbtened eyes and willing seet
think of nothing but the infinite. It was Again I turned m" e rihly cross to meet,
Relating to the height of clouds, there a scene for an artist to enjoy. It would With forward footsteps, turning not uside,
are different statements. We know that beggar an artist's skill to reproduce it. For fear some hidden evil might betide. mist is really an earth-cloud, and that the ten edges tipped with blazing fire, the
The white folds of the clouds, their molAnd there, in the prepared, appointed way, Listening to hear, and ready to obey,
lighter forms of vapor appear at a great sharp contrast between the dark, gloomy A cross I quickly found of plainest form,
distance in the sky. The highest are sup-fog behind, and the ravishing scene before With only words of love inscribed thereon, With thankfulness I raised it from the rest, posed to be from three to five miles above us, was almost overpowering. I could And joyfully ackowle:lged it the best, The in'y one of all the many there, UI, Clouds at times possess a considerable compare it to nothing but the scene which
burst upon the shepherds of the plaid, That I could feel was good for me to bear. thickness.
when in the bush of night, the glory of And while I thus my chosen one confess'd
Iu 1826 two French engineers stationed the heavens revealed the salvation of men I saw heavenly brightness on it rest; And as I beni-my burden to sustainat different altitudes-one at the upper, of peace and good will to all. Between
And heavenly choirs chanted the holy song I recognized my oun old cross again.
the other at the lower boundary of a cloud the banks of cloud, far, far away in the But, oh, how different did it seem to be! Now I had learned its preciousness to see;
-discovered that it extended nearly half distance appeared the blue sky, so ethereNo longer could I unbelieving say, Perhaps another is a better way.
& mile. This question now will naturally al, so sure that one could imagine it to be Oh no! honceforth my own desire shall be, be presented to curious minds: How do the abode of angels and of God himself
, That he who knows me best should chose for me ; clouds disappear, as we know they do, before it as if to veil the the very presence
and occasionally s curtain of mist floated And so, whate'er his love sees good to send, l'u trusi its bost, because he knows the end. wben not precipitated into rain ? By re-l of the Eternal.
REGISTER OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS, AT EAST NEW LONDON,
General remarks, observations, &c. &c.
Day of Day of | Temperature above zero *; below - Direction of the wind. State of the Weather. the week. Month.
Sunrise. I 12 o'cl’k. (10 P. M. Im'n temp! Morn. | Noon. | Eve. Morn. | Noon. | Eve.
37 * S, W. S. W. | South.cloudy cloudy rain Monday,
cloudy Clear 24
N. W. S. W. North, clear
N. W. S. W.
N. W. clear clear Thursday,
N. E. N. E. rain hail sleet
North. N. W. N. W. clear clear clear
27 16 3216
Chilly, with drizzling rain.
HORTICULTURAL. country for improving the size, if not the The proper distance for planting curflavor of this fruit.
rants is from three to four feet, when CULTIVATION OF CURRANTS.
“The English name of currant seems grown in the bush form or on one leg, but
to have been taken from the similitude as pyramids, thoy require six feet. A work entitled “The Companion of of the fruit to the small Zante grapes,
The time of ripening the fruit may be the Orchard," by Henry Phillips, H. F. S., which we call currants, or Corinths from accelerated or retarded by the situation of published in London, contains the follow-Corinth, where this fruit formerly grew the plants. On the south side of a tight ing remarks on the cultivation of the in great abundance, and which is so fence they will ripen a week or ten days currant:
much used in this country for cakes, pud earlier than when remote from any shel“This agreeable and wholesome fruit is dingo, &c.
ter. On the north side of a fence fruit undoubtedly a native of our country: it .“ The Italians seem to have no other
will be greatly retarded in its ripening, was formerly found growing, in the wild name for the curranto. than wette, little and will hang long on the stems after maslate, in the woods and hedges of York. grapes. At Geneva they are called raising turity. By attention to these points in shire, Durham, and Westmoreland, as de Mars."
planting, if it is desired to have the fruit well as on the banks of the Tay, and
for a long season, it may be in use at least
No plant is more easily propagated than other parts of Scotland. The red currant the currant. Cuttings planted with the
four months. grows naturally in Sweden, and other least care aud attention, in most casos,
Although the currant lives and produc. northern parts of Europe. The white is
es fruit in the worst soils and in a state of only a variety of it, and was at first acci- vise toat the cuttings be propared by tak- hibit the effects of good soil and careful
will make good plants; but we would ad- utter neglect, yet no fruit will quicker exdentally produced by culture. The salmon color, or champagne currant, is evidentlying out all the eyes escept the upper one, cultivation ; in a well conducted garden
efféctually the offspring of accidental impregnation,
the currant grows thriftily and bears from coming up, and make the plant asand has nething but variety to recommend
crops of fruit. sume the form of a miniature tree, instead
To keep the plants in a vigorous condi. of a buch,
tiori and insure the largest crops, an an"Tho common black currant, ribes ni
This method of growing on one leg, as nual top dressing of well rotted stable grum, is a distinct species of this kind of it is called, has advantages which are not manure is necessary, applied in the fall, fruit, as is marked by its strong scented leaves and berries, and of which even the mapparent to ordinary cultivators. It ad. and forked in in the Spring
mits of clean , wood partakes so sensibly, as to impart by
The annual pruning which the current its odor a correct idea of the favor which vator to prune them with more method. is only such as is uccessary to thin out appearance to the plants, enables the cul
requires after the tree is properly formed, the fruit gives to the palate. As a further and if attacked by insects of disease, the shoots that are growing too thickly togethproof of its being a northern fruit, we
application of remedies is more easily and have no account of its being known at all
er, and to keep the plant in proper form effectually made.
.The fruit is borne on short spurs, on wood, to the ancient Greeks or Romans, who
Another method of training the young two years old and over. have boen very accurate in describing all the fruits known in their time. It seems
plant is the pyramidal form; the cutting With the black currant, hower, tho now not to have grown so far south as France; should be prepared as previously described, fruit is borne on wood of the
previous year's for the old French name of grosiellies d' and a strong, vigorous shoot secured the
growth, and the systom of pruning applied outre mer evidently bespeaks it not to have first year; early in the following Spring to it, must be one that has for its object a been a native of that country, and even at, cut back two thirds of the shoot and constant supply of young wood and the tho present time the French language has strong side branches will be produced; destruction of that that has borne. no appropriato name for it distinct from one shoot only should be allowed to grow
The uses of currants are numerous and the gooseberry. The Dutch acknowledge upright, which will afterwards furnish
so well known that they scarcely need to it not to have been indigenous to Holland,
moro side branches-the side branches where it was called besskins over zee. during the Summer should be pinched in be mentioned; no fruit is more healthy or
more generally liked in its fresh state, and Whether the Dutch first procured this and be made to givo the plant a pyrimid
Attention to pinching and
for jellies it is prized by all housekeepers fruit from Britain, or from any other al shape. northern countries, we must acknowledge pruning will in duo time give the desired -its cultivation, on a large scale, wo
would recommend without hesitation as form. ourselves indebted to the gardenors of that
a profitable branch of enterprise.