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1752. Ä DescrIPTION OF DERBYSHIRE.
7 öne meer, and other perquifites, for par- well, or Wendon-Well
, Poor's-Hole, and fage of carts, use of timber, and other the Devil's-Arfe. Mr. Hobbs has com conveniencies. They restrain all irregular prized these 7 wonders in this fingle verse, proceedings, and in a few days determine
Ædes, mons, bararbrum, binus fons, anall controversies that happen betwixt the
traque bina. miners themselves, or the miners and owners of lands. Here is a fair church, House, mountain, depth, two fountains, a free-school, and an alms-house. In the A and two caves neighbourhood are a hot and a cold spring, 1. Chatsworth-House, a noble and statefo near together, that a man may put one ly palace of the duke of Devonshire, of hand into one and the other into the other
which we have here given a beautiful at the same time.
Virw, and which is thus described by 4. Bakewell, 9 miles N. W. of Wirkr
Dr. Leigh, in his Natural History. Like worth, another confiderable town in the
the sun in a hazy air, it gives Jultre to Peak, seated among hills, with a lårge the dusky mountains of the Peak, and at. market on Mondays for lead, the great tracts multitudes of spectators. The par. manufa&ture of these parts, and for all B sage is by an easy ascent, and the gate forts of provisions. The parish is of great adorned with trophies. The hill comextent, having 2 chapels, and is a pecu- pores a stately square, from which, thro' tiar, exempt from all episcopal jurisdi&tion. å gallery, upon stone stairs, fó ártfully Near it is a field, which the country peo- contrived, that they seem to hang in the ple say will either fatten or kill a horse in
air, is a prospect of a beautiful chapel a month's time,
and hall, full of curious paintings; the 5. Tidaeswell, or Tideswal, 8 miles
one being the history of Cæfar ftabbed in N. W. of Bakewell, an indifferent town, C the senate, and the other a draught of the with a fair church and free school, and a Resurrection ; both done by the famous market on Wednesdays,
Vario. The chambers are noble and large, 6. Chapel in Frith, s miles N. W. of
richly inlaid with the choicest woods, and Tiddeswell, was formerly a market-town, compose a stately gallery, at the upper but the market is now disured. And the end of which is the duke's closet, finely fame may perhaps be said of Winster, or beautified with Indian paint, and figures Winstre, which lies between Wirksworth of birds drawn by native Indians. The and Bakewell, and is marked in the maps p gardens are pleasant and stately, adorned for a market-town.
with exquisite water-works; as, 1. Nep7. Dronfield, 16 miles E. of TVdeswal,
tune, with his nymphs, who seem to sport a small town, standing on an eminence, in the waters, let out by a cock in several 'with a market on Thursdays.
columns, and falling upon sea-weeds. 2. 8. Chesterfield, miles S. E. of Dron
A pond, where sea-horses continually roll. field, an ancient corporation town, go- 3. A tree of copper, resembling a wil. verned by a mayor or bailiff, and alder- low; and by the turning of a cock, every men. It is pleasantly situate between two leaf 'drops water, which represents a rivulets, on the south side of a hill, in a F shower. 4. A grove of cypress, and 'a fruitful foil ; is well built and populous, cascade with two sea-nymphs at top, and has a fair church and a free-school, and a jars under their arms, from whence water good market on Fridays for lead, and for falls upon the cascade, which makes a com and other provisions. It gives title noise like cataracts. 5. At the bottom of of earl to the family of Stanhope.
the cascade there is a pond with an arti9. Balsover, or Bolsover, s miles E. of ficial ruse, thro' which, by the turning of Chesterfield, a large, well-built town, a cock, the water afcends, and hangs in with a market on Fridays, and noted for the air in the figure of that flower. 6. making fine tobacco-pipes.
Another pond, with Mercury pointing at 10. Alfreton, 8 miles S. of Chesterfield, the gods, and throwing up water, Bepleasantly seated on a hill, and thought sides there there are the ftatues of several to be first built by king Alfred. Its market gladiators in very lively postures. For the on Mondays is not very considerable, ex- honour of Chatsworth we fall observe cept for the great quantities of bread fold here, that when count Tallard, márthal here.
of France, being taken prisoner in the We now come to the seven wonders of
battle of Blenheim, by the renowned duke the Peak, which are the surprize of all G of Marlborough, was brought over and travellers who go to see them, and are ordered to reside at Nottingham, the duke ingeniously described by Mr. Hobbs, Dr. of Devonshire gave him an invitation to Leigh, and Mr. Cotton. These are Chats. this his seat, where he staid about a worth-House, the mountain called Mam.
week, and at his departure made his Tor, Elder-Hole, Buxton-Wells, Tidder- grace the following almost inimitable com
pliment, My lord, when I return to my own run thro' the adjacent meadows. Near country, and come to reckon up the days of my this place are marble stones, orderly discaptivity in England, I shall leave out ibofe I pored in several rows by mere nature. bave spent at Chatsworth.
These are by some reckoned another won2. Main-Tor, or Mam-Tor, a moun- der of clie Peak. Carleton, not far from tain near Castleton, under which are se- hence, has a castle on the top of a Iteep veral lead-mines. This hill almost per- rock, but of no use for ornament of depetually shivers down earth and great A. fence. stones with such a noise, be the air never 5. Wendon-Well, near Tiddeswell, a to calm, that it often frightens the inha- yard broad and deep, but cbbs and flows bitants ; yet they never observe the hill irregularly 3 quarters of a yard, as the to grow less ; which is ascribed to its
air is supposed to push the water from the great breadth, that tho' it is daily dimi- subterranean cavities; and when it ebbs, nished, it is not discernible. By this it makes a noiic. continual falling of earth and stones, 6. Pool's-Hole, a cave at the foot of a another hill is formed at the bottom, and large mountain, with a very shallow enboth together they call the Mother and B trance : But those who live crept in fay; the Daughter.
that after some paces it opens to a vast 3. Elden-Hole, a frightful and terrible height, like the roof of a large cathedral; chalm, 7 yards broad, and 14 long. Its and in a hollow cavern on the right hand, moutli is very craggy, and it is reckoned called Pool's Chamber, there is a confibottomless, the depth having never yet
derablc echo. In this cavity are great been found, tho' often attempted. Wa- ridges of stone, and many surprizing reter tickles down from its top, which pre- presentations of art and nature, produced fently congeals into icicles; and stones, C by the petrifying water continually dropwhen thrown in, make a noise like thun- ping from the rock; as, the figures of der for a long time, which leffens by de- fret-work, organ and choir-work, of men, grees, till the sound is loft. Mr. Cotton, lions, dogs, and other animals. Here is in his poem on the wonders of the a column, called Mary queen of Scot's Peak, tells a most dismal story of a gen- pillar, because she went in so far : It is as tleman who got two guides to conduct clear as alabaster ; and beyond it there is him thro’ this country (as is the common a steep ascent for near a quarter of a mile, way of travelling here) and they being that terminates near the roof in an holallured by his portmantua, imagining D low, called the Needle's-Point, in which there was something valuable in it, under when the guide places his candle, it looks pretence of his travelling more fafely in to those below like a star in the sky. If this craggy country, advised him to alight a pistol be fired near the queen's pillar, from his horse, and so conducting him to it is resounded by the rocks as loud as a Elden-Hole, which he knew nothing of,
Those who go in, return by pushed him hcadlong in; as one of them, another way, over many small currents of being ftung by the agonies of his consci
Near this place is a small clear ence on his death-bed, voluntarily con- E brook of hot and cold water, fo united fessed. The same author, concerning the into one stream, that a man may put tlie unfathomable depth of this hideous charm, thumb and finger into both at once. has these words :
7. The Devil's-Arse, or the Peak's- I myelf, with half the Peak surrounded,
Arse, a wide cavern under the hill near Ligbi bundred four score and four yards bave
Castleton : It is large at the entry, but founded;
more contracted within : The top is very And tho' of ibese four score came up wet,
high, and resembles a graceful arch, cheThe plunimet drew, and found no bottom yet. F and continually drops water, which pe
quer'd with stones of different colours, 4. Buxton-Wells, so called from the trifies. Here are several small buildings, town, where they rise out of a rock, where poor people live, with candles and within 8 or o yards of one another. They Tanthorns to sew strangers the place. are medicinal springs, 8 of them warm, The cave, after one is in a little, is dark sulphurous and saline, and the gth very and Nippery, because of a curreut of wacold. They are palatable, crcate appetite, ter under foot ; and the rock langs so open obftructions, are good in scorbutick low, that one is forced to roop. Having rheumatisms, ditempers of the nerves, G pafled this place, and a brcok, that someand most diseases. They are inclosed times cannot be waded, the arch opers with a fair stone building, and form a bath again, and here is a second current with of a temperate heat, much frequented in large banks of land. Then one comes to summer; and here are good accommoda- a third current, which is impatlable, and tions for those of quality. The waters the rock clcles.
frienta floorn Tarlow
Batwo Dantony suwelej
or the rek
in the sur.