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A case in assessments to the poor Abstract of a new scheme for a

ibid. B

Case of a boy restored to fight by electricity Prologue to Mr. Foote's comedy, called

32 Tafte, written and spoken by Mr. Gar- Account of Mr. Foote's piece, called Taste rick, in the character of an auctioneer 4

33 Epitaph on admiral Matthews 5

An Indian föry, shewing the vanity of A description of DERBYSHIRE ibid. A. human greatness, and the instability of Several remarkables in this county 6 fortune

34, 35 Derby and the other market towns de- POETRY. Damon and Sylvia; a new fcribed 6,7 fong, set to musick

36 The seven wonders of the Peak 7,8 A country dance

37 Chatsworth-house described 7 A A new year's Ode

ibid. Mam - Tor, Elden-hole, Buxton - wells, The shepherd's panegyrick on his dog 38 Wendon-well, Pool's hole, and the The glutton, a tale

39 Devil's Arfe

8 On the death of Dr. Barrowby, late phyThe JOURNAL of a learned and political sician to St. Bartholomew's hospital ibid. CLUB, &c. continued

9-22 On reading R, Barclay's apology for the DEBATE on a question relating to the true christian divinity

40 general and staff-officers for his ma- Epithalamium, on a late happy marriage jesty's land forces ibid.

ibid. SPEECH of T. Sempronius Gracchus An elegiack monody, upon hearing of against the question


the death of the Hon. Thomas Lee, Esq; of the office of lord high-conftable of commander in chief and president of

England, and how it came to be laid his majesty's council in Virginia ibid. aside

9, 10

The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER 41 The power of captain-general compared Remarkable distress and deliverance at fea with it

ibid. How it may be dangerous to the crown, The new commencement of the year, by and the liberties of the people 11, 12

the late act

ibid. The power of the princes of the blood 14 Account of two new periodical papers SPEECH of Servilius Priscus in favour of

ibid. the question

Treaties with Tunis and Tripoly

ibid. The office of high-constable farther con- The new judge of the high court of adfidered 16 miralty takes his seat

42 SPEECH of C. Livius Salinator against King's answer to the lords address on the the question

19 death of the queen of Denmark ibid. Of the captain-general of the Venetians Trial of, and remarkable sentence against

Stroud, an infamous cheat ibid. An account of some experiments in order Malefactors executed

ibid. to discover the height to which rockets Sheriffs appointed

ibid. may be made to ascend, &c.

Murder of Mr. Cary

43 A letter concerning government, with

Sessions ar the Old-Bailey

ibid. some account of the parliament of Paris Marriages, births, and deaths at Copen

24, 25 hagen, and in the diocese of Zealand, Account of a piece, intitled, The adven

ibid. tures of a VALET, written by himself Marriages and births

ibid. 25 Deaths

44 An excellent letter of Cicero to his son Ecclefiaftical preferments

45 Marcus, to reclaim him from his loose Promotions civil and military ibid. course of life

Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, wea. The deformity of vice, and beauties of ther

46 virtue

Monthly bill of mortality

ibid. Another letter of Cicero's to his son, FOREIGN AFFAIRS

47 being a sequel of the foriner

Catalogue of books Examples of duty to parents

31 We defire Criro to excuse us for not inforting the Verses or: Mr. B K-dd. The rto marks or ibe nature and quality of iron, ibe latter from Cbart in Kent, &c. fhall be in our



in 1751





About the Middle of January was Published, Beautiful FRONTIS PIECE, a General Title neatly engraved, Compleat INDEXIS, and several other Things necessary to compleat the VOLUME.

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exceptions. The age he fixes is from 17 A new SCHEME for a MILITIA in this

to 46; and that every man who has 40s. Kingdom, baving been lately published, wbicb with great Authority is said to

and under sol. a year in land, or 40l.

and under bool. in personal estate, and bave been approved of by a frvourite

every man under this estate who has a Pr Ince, lately deceased, we shall give our vote for members of parliament, togeReaders an Abstract of it, as follows. ther with their fons, should, during this

T is divided into A part of life, be of the foot. All of 5ol. four parts. I. Of" and under 300l. a year in land, or 6ool. the militia in ge

and under 36001. in personal estate, with neral. II. Of the their sons, to be of the horse. All of Roman militia. 3001. and under sool. a year in land, or III. The proper

of 360ol. and under 6cool. in personal pian of a militia estate, to have their choice to serve perfor this country.

sonally in the horse, or to furnish a man IV. Observations for the foot service, at their own expence.,

upon this plan. B And all of gool. a year and upwards, in The first part thews the safety of a well land, or of 6oool. and upwards, in persodisciplined militia, and the danger of a nal estate, to be obliged, at their own ftanding army, both to prince and people; expence, to furnish a man and horse for and the second part shews something of the horse service. the nature of the old Roman militia. The exceptions he proposes from this As both these parts are well known, we service are, all peers and their sons, prineed not enlarge upon them ; but the vy-counsellors, members of the house of third requires a full abstract. The author c commons and their fons, knights of all begins with Rewing, that in a free coun- degrees, justices of the peace who act, try the men, who have property as well all the clergy, the gentlemen of the law, as liberty to secure, are the only persons practitioners in physick, all persons emproper to be intrusted with arms ; there- ployed in the service of the royal family fore he proposes, first, a general militia, or government, all papists, all civil maand, secondly, a select or standing militia, giftrates, parilh officers, Tailors, feafaring by county regiments, both of horse and men, fishermen, and watermen. And he foot, to be chosen out of the general proposes, that a register should be kept militia.

D of all the militia men in every parish, and For forming this general militia he pro- transmitted yearly to the lord lieutenant poses, that every man in Great-Britain, and custos rotulorum of the county. at a certain age, and poliefied of, or con- The arms both of the horse and foor nected with a certain degree of proper- militia he proposes to be furnished by vy, should be of the militia, with a few each parishi, but the former to fornisie January, 1752,


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their horses, saddles, bridles and boots, should be determined by lot ; that as soon at their own expence; and as to their ex- as this is done, the recruiting officers of ercise, that they should, the first Sunday each battalion should attend three days beof every month, be exercised, before or fore the general muiter of the county after divine service, by the churchwardens from whence they are to have their reof each parish, who should have the keep- cruits ; the drauglits to be made from the ing and care of their arms; and that once county regiments by sot, and the men fo a year there hould be a general muster A draughted to enter immediately into the and exercise of the whole militia of the service and pay of the crown, to leave county, with proper penalties in both their arms with the regiinent, to receive cafes upon alisentees.

one guinea for enlifting money, to serve Then as to the select militia, he propo- for three years in time of peace, and for ses, 1. That there Mould be in each coun- seven, or till disbanded, in time of war, ty one regiment of horse and another of and after the three years service to be free foot, for the forming of which, one inan from all militia duty for two years, and in ten should be drawn out by lot from after the seven years service to be free the general militia of the county at the B during life, except in case of invasions or general munter, so that the regimients will insurrecions. confilt of a greater or leher number of For raising new regiments for the ren, according to the extent and riches crown army in time of war, he proposes

of the county ; and these regiments to be the same method as for, raising recruits, I maintained at the expence of the county; with this only difference, that two coun

but that the number of men in each re- ties instead of one should be fixed by lot giment should be fixed at first, and not lia- for railing each regiment; and for this ble to be afterwards altered, only the pro- C purpose the lord lieutenants to order exportions to be afterwards altered as occa- traordinary general mufters of the coun: sion miglit require. 2. That these regi- ties, from whence these regiments are to ments thould have an uniform, and their be raised; but in all cases of recruiting time of service thould be two years, af. or raiting new regiments for the crown ter which to be free from any neceffary army, he proposes that the city of Lonservice in the general militia for one year. don should be confidered as four coun3. That if any man, whose bunners de- ties, and the city of Westminster as two. pended upon his personal attendance,


And he concludes this part with some should draw a lot for serving in those re- remarks upon military punishments and giments, he mould have leave to subiti- rewards the former of which in the tute another, equally qualified, to serve in militia, he says, ought to be confined his stead. 4. The head quarters of these

to disgrace or pecuniary mulets; and as county regiments to be near the county to the latter, he proposes, that every foltown; and never, under pain of high trea- dier of the crown army, after seven years fon, to march out of their respective service in war, hould have rol. per ann. counties. 5. A reasonable standard for during life, and the non-commiflioned height to be fixed, and the lord lieutenant E officers more in proportion ; and that to have the command of the general mi- some badge of honour, such as a ruban litia, and to be colonel of each of the and medal, should be given for any excounty regiments, without any pay; but traordinary instance of personal bravery. the officers, who are to be appointed by The last part contains remarks, and him, to be paid by the county. And, 6.

quotations from former authors, for conIn cities which are counties, the chief firming the neceflity and the usefulnefs magistrate to have the same power as the of a well disciplined militia, with some lord licutenants in counties. Then as to what we now call our

farther explanations of what he has proF

posed, which we need not repeat. ftanding army, which this author calls the crown army, he says, that in time of peace, it should never confift of more PaoloGUI to Mr. Foote's Comedy, called than the guards, the foreign garisons, TASTE : Written and spoken by Mr. and the necessary regiments for Ireland Garrick, in the Character of an Autii. and the plantations; to be recruited once oneer. (See p. 35.) a year in time of peace, and in tiine of E FOR E ibis Court I Peter Purs ap

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ty regiments, and the draughis from - bence to be presently made up from the general militia. For this purpose he propose}, that the county from which each regiment or battalion is to be recruited,

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Prologue to Mr. Foote's TASTE, &c. 3 'Tis said tbis night a certain wag intends Yet shall futurity behold his name, % laugh at us, our calling, and our friends : Fill the bright annals of immortal fame : If lords and ladies, and such dainty folks, The muse ambitious shall his acts comAre cur'd of auction-bunting by bis jokes ;

Should this odd doétrine spread throughout tbe The honest muse is always virtue's friends

Before you buy, be sure to understand,

Oh ! tbirk on us what various ills will flow, A Wirb a new MÁp of the said County,
When great ones only purchase what they

(fashion, ERBYSHIRE is an inland county,
Why laugh at Taste? It is a barmless
And quite fubdues each derrimental paffion; part of Cheshire and Stafford hire on the
The fair ones bearts will ne'er incline to man, west, Warwickshire on the south, Lei-
While thus they rage for--china and japan, cestershire on the south-west, and York-
The Virtuofo too, and Connoisseur,

Thire on the north. It is about 38 miles rre ever decent, delicate ard pure ;

long from north to fouth, and 26, where The smallejl bair ebeir loofer thoughts might B broadest, from east to welt, but much bold,

[cold ; narrower in some parts, and in the south Full warm wben firgle, and wben married not above 6 miles broad. It is computed Ibeir blood at light of beauty gently flows i at about 130 miles in circumference, and Their Venus :uft be old, and want a nose ! is reckoned to contain 680,000 acres ; is No am'rous passion with deep knowledge tbrives; divided into 6 hundreds, has 106 parishes, ?Tis the complaint indeed of all our wives ! and 10 market-towns, and sends 4 mem'Tis said Virtù ro such a beight is grown, bers to parliament, viz. two knights of All artists are encourag'dbut our orun. C the shire, who at present are lord FredeBe not deceiv'd, I bere declare on oarb,

rick Cavendish, and Sir Nathaniel Curzon, I never yet fold goods of Foreign grotutb : Bart. and two burgeffes for the town of Ne'er sent commilions out to Greece or Rome; Derby, who in the present parliament are My beft antiquities are made at bome.

lord viscount Duncannon, and Thomas I've Romans, Greeks, Italians near at Rivett, Esq; The river Derwent runs hand,

almost thro' this county from north to True Britons all--and living in the Strand. south, dividing it into east and weft. I ne'er for trinkets rack ny pcricranium,


The air is generally temperate and good, They furnish out my room from Herculaneum. but cold on the Peak mountains. 'The But bujh

south and east parts are well cultivated, Should it be knorun obat English are employ'd, and fruitful in corn and grass, and abound Our manufacture is at once destroy'd ;

with gentlemens feats and parks; the No matter wbat our countrymen deferve, north and west parts, called the Peak, They'll thrive as antients, but as moderns or Peak-land, are mountainous and barfarve

ren, but yield great profit to the inhabiIf we should fall-0 you it will be owing ; tants by the valuable mines, especially of Furesvel to Artsibey're going, going, E lead. There are also come rich vallies going ;

between, and on the hills are fed very The fatal bammer's in your hand, ob town! good tho' not very large theep, in great Then set Us up and knock the Poet down. abundance ; nor are they wanting in

good store of black cattle.' Oats in these An Epitaph on Admiral MATTHEWS.

parts are their chief grain, with which (See Lond. Mag. for O&t. laft, p. 476.) they make their bread, and sometimes

their beer. In other parts they make RITONS! if yet that glorious name F great quantities of malt, and are famous

(tear, for their pale ale. In Thort, besides the If honour's favourite claims a British rich produce of the surface of the earth in This tomb approach ! Nobly let weeping some parts, this county is famous for its eyes,

(thews lies. great number of lead, coal and iron Each virtuous heart proclaim, Here Mat- mines, and quarries of free-stone, limeImperious Spain, proud Gallia now no stone, marble both black and grey, ala

[ders roar : baster, &c. They have also quarries that Shall dread his arm, Thall hear his thun. yield mill-stones, grind-stones, whetNo more black envy shall his honours G ftones, &c. and in the Peak mines are Throuda

[cloud. found alabastrites, Italactites, vitriol, aTruth like the sun difpels the noxious lum, &c. Lead is their principal commoIngrateful age! Here merit loft her due, dity, of which they have great plenty, Tlo' this brave chiestain's worth too and very good, and in which they drive Well ye knew

a very considerable trade. They had muc's

B be dear,


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more wood here formerly thân now; for We now proceed to the towns, which the iron-works, lead-mines, and coal

are, pits, have occafioned much of it to be 1. Derby, the county town, which deftroyed. But they have the less need of gives name to the thire, 98 computed, wood for fuel, as they are so well fur- and 112 measured miles N. W. from Lonnished with coal ; infomuch that they don. It was called by the Danes Deoraby, fupply the defects of many neighbouring which signifies a shelter for deer, it being counties, as Leicester, Northanıpton, Rut. A anciently a park, and a buck is in the land and Lincolnshires, whose inhabitants arms of the town to this day. It is frequently bring barley to sell at Derby, situate on the river Derwent, over which and load themselves back with coals. The it has a fair stone bridge. It is a place chief bridges of this county are, that at of some antiquity, being a borough in Burton upon Trent, which leads into Edward the Confessor's time, is now goStaffordshire, and has 35 arches; and verned by a mayor, high-steward, rethat at Swarston, over the same river, corder, 9 aldermon, 14 brethren, 14 which is near a mile long, part of it be- common-council men, and a town clerk, ing a causeway on the road leading to B and is the only town in the county that Derby.

sends members to parliament, who are Before we describe the towns, we Mall chose by the freemen and sworn burgesies, mention some things worthy of observa- about 700 in number. The town is tion in this county, leaving the most re- large, well built, rich and populous, has markable of all, called the Seven Wonders great privileges, and is exempt from payof the Peak, for a conclusion. - Near ing toll in London, or any other place, Byrchover valley is a large rock, with 2 except Winchester and a few more. Here tottering stones, one of them 4 yards Care 5 parith churches, of which that long, and 12 round, and rests on a point, called All-hallows is the chief, and has a fo equally poised, that one may move it beautiful high steeple, erected at the with a finger. Near Brudwaii, in fink- charge of young men and maidens, as ing a lead grove, was found a tooth, appears by the inscriptions. The townwhich, tho' a quarter of it was broke off, hill, where the affizes are kept, is a fine was 13 and inches round, and weighed Itructure of free-ftone. A little river, 3 pounds, 10 ounces and 3 quarters ; called Martinbrook, on the south side of and among other pieces of bones, a large the town, has 9 bridges over it. The Rull, which held 7 pecks of corn : Some D trade is in wool, corn and malt, and it is think them to have belonged to an ele- noted for its fine ale. It has a very phant, because elephants bones are found plentiful market on Fridays, and smaller near Castleton, fupposed to have been ones on Wednesday's and Saturdays. It brought thither by the deluge ; but Dr. gives title of earl to the family of Stanley, Leigh thinks them to be the lufus naturæ and has done so ever tince the reign of of the fuor ftalactites, caused by different Henry VII. mixtures of bituminous, fajine and ter- 2. Alhburn, 10 miles N. W. of Derby, rene particles. - At Kedlafton there is a E on the borders of Staffordshire, a pretty well, that cures old ulcers, and the le- Targe town, situate in a rich soil, with a profy.- In several mountains of this coun- market on Saturdays. It began to decay ty are cavities at the bottom, called by the much in the last age, many families being inhabitants Swallou's, because streams run extinct, and others removed; and the reainto them, of which no vent appears. son given by an author of that time, was Dr. Leigh is of opinion, that the subter- the many attorneys living thereabouts, raneous rivers in the Peak (of which here. and its being within the Peverel courts. after) and those rapid springs that issue 3. Wirksworth, 7 miles N. E. of Alfrom the mountains near Castleton, are f burn, a large, populous town, with a formed by them.--The river Dove, which market on Tuesdays. It is the chief town parts this county from Staffordshire, runs of the Peak, and the greatest lead-market for the most part thro' a lime-stone, in England, there being furnaces in the which gives such a fructifying quality to neighbourhood for melting it. A court the waters, that when they overflow the is kept here for the miners, called the Deighbouring meadows, they become ex- Barinoot court, confifting of a master and ceeding fruitful. The water is clear, fa- 24 jurors, who have power to set out 2 mous for a fish called grailings, and ex-G meers of land, 29 yards long in a pipe. <cilent trouts.

It swells so much some. work, and 14 yards square in a fiatumes in 12 hours, that it carries off many work, to any person that has found a heep and other cattle, and in as little vein in any man's ground, except orchards home returns to its old channel,

and gardens; and they appoint the owner


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