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stantly set out to bring him back, but were stopped
immediately by some gentlemen from Boston, and dis-
suaded from their purpose. A single horseman of his
own head went on, and, coming up to him in a chaise
with a companion and servant on horseback, told him
he must stop and go back. Hallowell snapped his
pistol twice at him, got upon his servant's horse, rode
with the utmost speed to town, followed by the horse-
man, till he came within call of the guard at the en-
trance of the town.
An apprehension was soon spread through the camp,
that the country was coming in against them in armed
multitudes. The guards were doubled, cannon were
placed on the Neck, and the army lay on their arms
through the night. The entrance into this town is
now fortifying by the soldiery. The selectmen have
remonstrated to the governor, that, if it goes on, the
inhabitants are so uneasy, they must abandon the town;
which they declare they had rather do, and see it in
flames, than be totally enslaved in it. Transports are
despatched to New York and Quebec for more troops,
though we have already five regiments, with a large
train; one more at the Castle, and another coming from
Salem. At that place about thirty chests of tea lately
arrived from London, which the inhabitants will not
permit to be landed. What, my dear Sir, will be the -
end of these things? The country seems determined
to run all hazards in defence of their rights.
I send this by Mr. Quincy, a gentleman bred to
the law, highly esteemed for his parts and learning,
a warm friend to the rights of America. He has pub-
lished a pamphlet on the Port Bill, and been encour-
aged by some of the most respectable gentlemen among
us to make a visit to England, as he is capable of
giving the best account of our affairs. To him I must

refer you for farther particulars. I have wrote facts to the best of my knowledge, and, leaving you to reason or conjecture from them, I am, &c.

SAMUEL COOPER.

TO MRS. JANE MECOM.

Abuse from his Enemies. False Reports respecting

his Conduct.

London, 26 September, 1774. DEAR SISTER, I hope you continue in health, as I do, thanks to God. But I wish to know how you fare in the present distress of our dear country. I am apprehensive, that the letters between us, though very innocent ones, are intercepted. They might restore to me yours at least, after reading them; especially as I never complain of broken, patched-up seals (of late very common), because I know not on whom to fix the fact.

I see in a Boston paper of August 18th, an article expressing, “that it is generally believed Dr. Franklin has received a promise of being restored to the royal favor, and promoted to an office superior to that which he resigned.” I have made no public answer to any of the abuses I have received in the papers here, nor shall I to this. But as I am anxious to preserve your good opinion, and as I know your sentiments, and that you must be much afflicted yourself, and even despise me, if you thought me capable of accepting any office from this government, while it is acting with so much hostility towards my native country, I cannot miss this first opportunity of assuring you, that there is not the least foundation for such a report; that, so far from having any promise of royal favor, I hear of

nothing but royal and ministerial displeasure; which, indeed, as things at present stand, I consider as an honor. I have seen no minister since January, nor had the least communication with them. The generous and noble friends of America in both Houses do indeed favor me with their notice and regard; but they are in disgrace at court, as well as myself. Be satisfied, that I shall do nothing to lessen me in your esteem, or my own. I shall not, by the least concurrence with the present measures, merit any court favor, nor accept of any, if it were offered me, which, however, is not at all likely to happen.

As those here, who most interest themselves in behalf of America, conceive, that my being present at the arrival of the proceedings of the Congress and the meeting of Parliament may be of use, I submit to their judgment, and think it now likely, that I shall not return till spring. I am ever, &c.

B. FRANKLIN.

TO RICHARD BACHE.

Introducing Thomas Paine.

London, 30 September, 1774 DEAR Son, The bearer, Mr. Thomas Paine, is very well recommended to me, as an ingenious, worthy young man. He goes to Pennsylvania with a view of settling there. I request you to give him your best advice and countenance, as he is quite a stranger there. If you can put him in a way of obtaining employment as a clerk, or assistant tutor in a school, or assistant surveyor, (of all which I think him very capable,) so that he may procure a subsistence at least, till he can make

VOL. VIII.

18

acquaintance and obtain a knowledge of the country, you will do well, and much oblige your affectionate father. My love to Sally and the boys.*

B. FRANKLIN

JOSEPH GALLOWAY,

Elections for a new Parliament. Lord Percy. The

Court will persist in its Measures against America. Inutility of Parliament as at present constructed. His own Situation.

London, 12 October, 1774. DEAR SIR, I wrote to you on the 1st instant by Captain Cook, acquainting you with the disposition of Parliament, since which the elections are going on briskly everywhere for a new one. The electors of London, Westminster, the Borough of Southwark, and the County of Middlesex, have obliged their candidates to sign a written engagement, that they will endeavour to obtain a repeal of the late oppressive and unconstitutional American laws, and promote a reconciliation between the two countries. Their example will be followed in some other places, and it is thought would have

* In the first letter, which Paine wrote to Dr. Franklin from Philadelphia, he said; “ Your countenancing me has obtained for me many friends and much reputation, for which please to accept my sincere thanks. I have been applied to by several gentlemen to instruct their sons, on very advantageous terins to myself; and a printer and bookseller here, a man of reputation and property, Robert Aitkin, has lately attempted a Magazine, but, having little or no turn that way himself, he has applied to me for assistance. He had not above six hundred subscribers when I first assisted him. We have now upwards of fifteen hundred, and daily increasing. I have not entered into terms with him. This is only the second number. The first I was not concerned in." - March 4th, 1775.

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been pretty general in the trading and manufacturing
towns, if the suddenness of the dissolution had not
hurried things too much.
It being objected to one of the candidates set up
for Westminster, Lord Percy, that he is absent on the
wicked business of cutting the throats of our American
brethren, his friends have thought necessary this morn-
ing to publish a letter of his, expressing that he is
on good terms with the people of Boston, and much
respected by them. These circumstances show, that
the American cause begins to be more popular here.
Yet the court talk boldly of persisting in their meas-
ures, and three ships of the line are fitting out for
America, which are to be over-manned, to have a
double number of marines, and several armed tenders.
It is rumored they are to stop all the ports of America.
Many think the new Parliament will be for revers-
ing the late proceedings; but that depends on the court,
on which every Parliament seems to be dependent;
so much so, that I begin to think the Parliament here
of little use to the people; for since a Parliament is
always to do as a ministry would have it, why should
we not be governed by the ministry in the first in-
stance? They could afford to govern us much cheap-
er, the Parliament being a very expensive machine,
that requires a great deal of oiling and greasing at
the people's charge; for they finally pay all the enor-
mous salaries of places, the pensions, and the bribes,
now by custom become necessary to induce the mem-
bers to vote according to their consciences.
My situation here is thought by many to be a little
hazardous; for if, by some accident, the troops and
people of New England should come to blows, I should
probably be taken up; the ministerial people affecting
everywhere to represent me as the cause of all the

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