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The Grandfather and Father of the author.-Where born and educated.-
The latter, Dr. Wm. Burnet, engaged in the revolutionary struggle in
1774—Was chairman of the Committee of Public Safety.- Treatment
of the Tories.—Dr. B. elected to Congress.-Appointed Physician and
Surgeon General of the eastern department, April, 1777.—Stationed at
West Point when the treason of Arnold was discovered.-Capture of
Major Andre.—Measures to procure his liberation.— Threats used.-
Offer to exchange him for Arnold.-Firmness of Washington.-Deli-
cate treatment of Andre.—Tried, convicted and hung.–Note.-Mili-
tary movements on Long Island.-York Island.-Retreat to the Dela-
ware.—Battle of Trenton.—Battle of Princeton.-American army put
in winter quarters.--Attempts to injure the character of Washington.-
His character defended.
Population of the Territory in 1795–6.—Description of Cincinnati at that
time.-Progress of settlement from 1788 to 1800.—Public buildings.-
Social influence of the garrison.-Ordinance of 1787.-Its provisions.-
Appointment of officers under it.-Treaty of Fort Harmar.-Re-organi-
zation of the Territorial Government.-Legislation of the Governor and
Judges.—The Maxwell Code.
Western Pioneers chiefly Revolutionary characters.-Colony from New
England in 1787.–Formed by Cutler, Sargent & Co.-Arrive at the
Yoghigany in the fall of 1787.—Encamp for the winter.—Reach Ma-
rietta in April 1788.-Block-house erected.- A school and a church
established.-Gen. R. Putnam leader of the party.—His character.-His
appointment to office.-Poverty of Revolutionary officers drove them to
emigrate.—Their sufferings.-Settlement under Major Stites, at Colum-
bia.—Under Denman & Co. at Cincinnati.—Under Judge Symmeš, at
North Bend.-Losanteville, intended name of a town never laid out.-
Troops sent by Gen. Harmar, to the Miami settlements.—Where sta-
tioned.—Their behavior.-Attacked by the Indians at North Bend.-
Major Mills severely wounded.— Villages laid out.- Donation lots.-
Interview of Symmes with the Indians.-Settlement at Columbia plun-
dered.-Captain Flinn taken prisoner.—Made his escape.-Comparative
strength of the settlements at the Miamies.-Fort Washington built by
Major Doughty.-Judicial Courts first established.-Anterior arrange-
ments for administering Justice.-Indian hostilities.- Complaints of
Judge Symmes against General Harmar for withholding protection.
Temerity of the Pioneers and the Troops.
Counties in the Territory.—Their Seats of Justice and Courts.—The Gen-
eral Court.-Its powers.-Its usurpations as Legislators.-Fatigue and
exposure of the Bar.-Extent of their circuit.--A game of Indian foot-
ball.—Journey from Cincinnati to Vincennes, in December, 1799.-
Gen. George Rogers Clark.–His achievements and victories.—His con-
quests the chief ground of the American claim to the North-western
Territory.—Embarrassments of his situation. His expedients to sup-
port his troops.-Ingratitude of the Government.
Indian depredations and murders.--Alarm in the Frontier Settlements.-
Letter of Judge Innes to the President.-Other letters of a similar char-
acter.—Strong hold of the Indians on the Ohio, near the Scioto river.-
Inattention of the Government complained of.—Expedition of General
Scott.-Indian depredations continued.-Communication from Gov. St.
Clair to the commandant at Detroit.-Unsuccessful embassy of M.
Gameline, to the Indians.-Increase of the military force.--Arrival of
troops at Fort Washington.-Inefficient character of the Militia.—Har-
mar's campaign.-Its success.-And subsequent disasters, denominated
a defeat.-Acquitted by Report of Board of Inquiry.—Murder of Hardin
and Trueman.-Observations on the Campaign.-List of officers killed. 83
The early adventurers to the Miami Purchase. Stations erected.-At-
tacked by the Indians.—Communications of President Washington to
Congress.- Statement showing the weakness of the Ohio Company's
settlement.-Gen. Scott's expedition against the Wabash Indians.--Its
celerity and success.-Colonel Wilkinson's expedition against the same
tribes.-Conducted with skill and success.-Organization of Gen. St.
Clair's army.—Encamped at Ludlow's Station.--Its number.—The
campaign.—The cause of the defeat.-Court of Inquiry.—The Gen-
eral acquitted of all censure.
Situation of affairs on the Frontier.-General Wayne appointed to the
command.-Gallant engagement of Major Adair with the Indians.-
Commissioners appointed to treat with the North-western tribes.-
Their instructions. Their negotiations.— Improper interference of
British officers and agents.-Failure of the negotiation.
Condition of the Western Army in 1793.--Encampment at Hobson's
Choice.—Discipline of the army.—Order of march.-Fortifications at
Greenville.—Indians attack Fort Recovery.-Repulsed with very heavy
loss.-Proofs of British influence over the Indians.—Lieutenant Lowery
Gen. Wayne's campaign of 1794.-Battle of the 20th of August, at the
foot of the Rapids.-Gen. Wayne's correspondence with the command-
ant of the British Fort.-Army return to Fort Defiance. From thence
to the Miami villages.–Fort Wayne built.-Kentucky volunteers dis-
charged.Residue of the army proceed to Greenville.-Note.—The
number and tribes of the Indians engaged in the battle of the 20th of
August.-Aid furnished them by the British.-Influence of British
Weakness of the American army.-Intrigues of the English agents with
the Indians. Communications to Gen. Wayne from Chiefs of different
tribes.- His answers.—Proposals for a conference at Greenville.—The
Shawanese propose to remove west of the Mississippi.
State of the American army and of the Indians, in 1794–5.-Indians
begin to collect at Greenville.-Preliminary conferences.
Commencement of the negotiations in full council.-Introductory speech
of General Wayne.-Speeches of the Chiefs of the different tribes.
Progress of the negotiations.
Treaty of Greenville concluded, signed and ratified.-Numbers of the
different tribes of Indians parties to the treaty.- Proclamation of Gen.
Surrender of the North-western posts by the British, in 1796.-Made to
General Wayne, appointed for that purpose.-Death of General Wayne.
-Sketch of his life.—Detroit.-Its Commerce and Society. Their hos-
pitality.-Celebration of the king's birth-day at Sandwich.-General
invitation to the Americans at Detroit, including the General Court
and the Bar.-Note.-Gen. Wilkinson's charges against Gen. Wayne.-
Unfounded.-Contrast between the two men. Their controversies.-
Their effect on the army.-The officers take sides.—Two parties form-
ed.-Note.-Canadian French at and near Detroit.—Their character.-
Their habits.—Their objections to free government.-Delays in admin-
istering justice.-Judicial decisions of the military commandants-Ac-
ceptable to the French inhabitants.--Pawnee Indians bought and sold
Five thousand white males in the Territory.- Proclamation of the Gov-
ernor-Delegates to the Assembly elected.-Second grade of Territorial
Government organized.--Members of the first Territorial Legislature.-
Their Character--Talents—-Employments.--Movements of Colonel
Burr.—Mr. Smith implicated.-Probably without cause.—Burr's visit to
Cincinnati.—Notice taken of him.-War with Spain contemplated.
May account, probably, for Burr's movements.—Principles of the Fed-
eral party.—Their agency in forming and adopting the Federal Consti-
tution.—Condition and character of the country improved by their
measures.-Origin of their name.-Have long ceased to exist as a party. 288
Legislature assemble at Cincinnati.—Their proceedings.—Harrison elected
Delegate to Congress.—His instructions. His course in Congress ap-
proved-Territory divided.-Harrison appointed Governor.—The Ordi-
nance of 1787.-Its provisions.-Liberty, civil and religious, secured.
Territorial code defective.-Remedied by the Legislature.-French in-
habitants.—Their common fields.-Burning of Prairies.-Injury result-
ing-Regulated.-Jurisdiction on the Ohio River.-Claims of Ken-
tucky.-Inconveniences.-Act of the Legislature touching it.-Com-
pact between Virginia and Kentucky.-Legislation of the Governor and
Judges.-Of the General Assembly.- Education encouraged.-Protec-
tion of the Indians.—Vetoes of the Governor.-- Property qualifica-
tion.-Limited slavery.-Attempt to introduce it.-Auditor's Certifi-
cates.--Address of the General Assembly, complimentary to President