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Special and Select” funds. I shall discuss that request in more detail when we reach that portion of the hearing.

Mr. Chairman, numerous comments have been made about the rising number of employees on House committees. It is of special interest to note that between 1945 and 1977, the size of committee staffs increased from 159 to 2,169.

Mr. Fazio. Would you want to repeat that one more time? I want to make sure all the press get a chance to write this down.

Mr. ANDERSON. With pleasure, Mr. Chairman. It is of interest to note that between 1945 and 1977, the size of committee staffs increased from 159 to 2,169. Over that 32-year period, staff grew by 2,010 individuals. However, between 1977 and 1991, staff size actually decreased from 2,169 to 2,166. Fourteen years later, the size of committee staffs are nearly identical.

Mr. Fazio. I appreciate that fact being made available for the record. It is so often a different impression given by Members who use a different base year, to come up with these astounding increases.

In fact, the 1974 class, a large new group of Members of Congress elected at that time, were seen to have been the impetus for great increases in staff around here. They came in at the very end of a period of expansion. And as you indicate, beginning in 1977, things did not just level, they have declined. In fact, that is true of the entire Legislative Branch budget, not just this particular group of employees, committee employees. But you know, these things often are forgotten and left out of the more colorful speeches that our colleagues want to give.

Mr. ANDERSON. At this point, Mr. Chairman, I would include the table listing the actual fiscal year 1991 salaries for the various standing committees funded from this account.

The information follows: The following table lists the actual FY '91 salaries for the various Standing Committees funded from this account: Committee

Total FY '91 salary Agriculture........

$1,881,165 Armed Services

2,175,273 Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs

1,586,253 District of Columbia

2,004,526 Education and Labor.

2,376,936 Energy and Commerce..

2,678,395 Foreign Affairs ......

2,715,095 Government Operations

1,980,686 House Administration....

1,850,458 Interior and Insular Affairs.

2,300,437 Intelligence..

1,696,127 Judiciary.....

2,206,602 Merchant Marine and Fisheries

1,972,538 Post Office and Civil Service .....

2,380,892 Public Works and Transportation

2,384,980 Rules........

1,840,492 Science and Technology

2,078,070 Small Business

1,459,497 Standards of Official Conduct

720,048

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Total..............

160,187,578 1 Does not include credits. Note: Committees, except for Appropriations and Budget, also pay salaries from the account “Standing Committees, Special and Select". The Appropriations Committee also pays salaries from the account “Committee on Appropriations, (Studies and Investigations)".

Mr. ANDERSON. Mr. Chairman, I would also ask permission to insert a table which the Finance Office is compiling of employment statistics by year, beginning in 1945, dealing with clerk hire, committee and other employees.

Mr. Fazio. We would appreciate that as well. [The information follows:]

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606

1945.

1,442

159

495 2,096 1950.

1,960

180

606

2,746 1955.

2,307

376

558

3,241 1956

2,412
411

3,429 1958.

2,339

442

822 3,603 1960

2,582

444

814

3,840 1961

3,089

505

746

4,340 1962

3,039

492

836

4,367 1963.

3,396

511

617 4,524 1964.

3,510

588

806 4,904 1965.

3,941

560

885

5,386 1966

4,281

613

1,293 6,187 1967.

4,482

531
1,468

6,481 1968

4,531

637
1,141

6,309 1969.

4,591

739
1,199

6,529 1970

4,996

758
1,268

7,022 1971.

5,980

723

1,658 8,361 1972

5,727

992 2,194 8,913 1973.

6,125 1,024 2,080 9,229 1974

6,313 1,225 2,413 9,951 1975.

6,827
1,642
1,780

10,249 1976

6,738 1,859

1,688 10,285 1977

6,859 2,169 1,885 10,913 1978.

6,952 2,143

1,891 10,986 1979.

7,224
2,034

1,984 11,242 1980

7,329 2,067 2,010 11,406 1981

7,652 1,987 2,085 11,724 1982

7,540 1,989

11,564 1983

7,861 2,133 2,080 12,074 1984,

7,627

2,115 2,088 11,830 1985

7,811 2,213 1,856 11,880 1986.

7,271 2,088 1,757 11,116 1987.

7,496 2,241

1,871 11,608 1988

7,390 2,193 1,908 11,491 1989.

7,439 2,200 1,960 11,599 1990.

7,302 2,244 1,978 11,524 1991.

7,806 2,166 2,302

12,274 1 Statistics as of December 31st of each year.

2 Includes employees of the House Leadership, Officers of the House, House Chaplain, Office of the Parliamentarian, Office of the Historian, Law Revision Counsel, Legislative Counsel, House Democratic Steering Committee and Caucus, House Republican Conference, Six Minority Employees, LBJ

2,035

Mr. ANDERSON. And I would also like to include the tables for the committee employees and for the Committee on the Budget.

Mr. Fazio. It is included.
[The information follows:)

COMMITTEE EMPLOYEES—APPROPRIATIONS, ACTUAL EXPENDITURES, UNEXPENDED BALANCES

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COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET (STUDIES) For salaries, expenses and studies by the Committee on the Budget and temporary personal services for such committee, including reimbursement to agencies for services performed, $424,000. This $15,000 increase over the FY '92 appropriation is requested to continue the upgrading and networking of the Committee's computer equipment in both the majority and minority offices.

COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET (STUDIES)-APPROPRIATIONS, ACTUAL EXPENDITURES, UNEXPENDED

BALANCES

Fiscal year

1991

1992

1993

Total appropriations.
Expenditures.

$379,000
294,000
85,000

$409,000

39,000 370,000

424,000

0

Unexpended balances.....

424,000

CONTINGENT EXPENSES OF THE HOUSE

Mr. ANDERSON. Mr. Chairman, I will now present for the Subcommittee's consideration a group of accounts and line items that comprise the Contingent Expenses of the House, which is mistakenly referred to as the “Contingent Fund” of the House. The word 'contingent” in the heading is often misunderstood. Funds in this section are requested to cover specific authorized or approved programs, not unforeseen contingencies. Indeed, we have had some discussion that perhaps another name might be found for this account that would more accurately describe what it is.

Mr. Fazio. It probably would be appropriate that we start doing this. Maybe we could ask our friends at Congressional Quarterly to submit some suggestions to make this budget more understandable. And maybe the first thing we should begin with is, what would you suggest to replace the word "contingent”? It absolutely is an inaccurate use of the word. I am sure that that would be a step in the

Mr. ANDERSON. Approximately 65.1 percent of the Contingent Expenses' estimates relate to Members' Official Expenses and Government Contributions; include Standing Committees, Special and Select, and 86.2 percent of the contingent expenses are represented; when House Information Systems, HÍS, is included, 89.2 percent of the contingent expenses is represented. The remaining 10.8 percent is comprised of amounts for expenses that pertain to the operations of the overall House; purchase and repair of office furniture and furnishings, stenographic reporting of committee hearings, reemployed annuitants reimbursements, operation of House motor vehicles, gratuities to heirs of deceased employees of the House,

interparliamentary receptions and operating expenses of House officers, such as telephone, computer equipment, travel and training expenses, et cetera. No funds are requested to cover unforeseen expenses or chance obligations.

STANDING COMMITTEES SPECIAL AND SELECT Mr. ANDERSON. Mr. Chairman, the request for Standing Committees, Special and Select for fiscal year 1993 is $72,252,000 and is the full amount requested by the committees. This is an increase of $14,352,000 over the enacted fiscal year 1992 appropriation. These funds are used to pay the investigating staffs of Standing and Select Committees. In addition to personnel, they are used for nonpersonnel expenditures which are chargeable to the committees' funding resolutions.

And I would place in the record at this point a summary of past years' authorizations, giving an illustration of the amounts available to the funding resolutions. I would also like to insert for the record a table showing the various committee investigative funds authorized by the House during the First Session, 102nd Congress, as of December 31st, 1991, as well as the amounts expended and the unexpended balances.

Mr. Fazio. Fine Donn. At this point I also have a question for the record concerning Committee Investigative Funds. [The information and the question with response follow:] Calendar Year

Authorization 1989—1st Session, 101st Congress...

$54,881,063 1990—2nd Session, 101st Congress

56,787,425 1991–1st Session, 102nd Congress

60,761,456 Committee funds are authorized on a calendar year basis and appropriated

on a fiscal year. As you know, Mr. Chairman, each committee is required to annually present its budget justifications to the Committee on House Administration.

STANDING COMMITTEES, SPECIAL AND SELECT —APPROPRIATIONS, ACTUAL EXPENDITURES,

UNEXPENDED BALANCES

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