A Treatise on the Law of Municipal Corporations, Band 1

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Callaghan, 1911 - 8627 Seiten
 

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Inhalt

Cities of Ancient Egypt 2729
27
SameMemphis 29
29
SameThebes 30
30
Cities of ancient Chaldaea and AssyriaMesopota mia 32
32
Ancient Nineveh
33
Other Assyrian cities 34
34
Cities of Babylonia 35
35
Nebuchadnezzars Capital 3639
36
BorsippaOpisSusaTyreSidon Jerusalem 39
39
Nature of Babylonian culture and fall of Babylon 4043
40
PhoeniciaSidon 43
43
Carthaginian supremacy 4547
45
Greece 47
47
The Greek CityAthens 5153
51
The Greek Ideal of a perfect civic life 5455
54
Municipal institutions of ancient Rome 55
55
Samepreponderance of cities and towns and civic communities 57
57
City of ancient Rome and its municipal activities 5864
58
The Roman conception of a municipal corporation 6467
64
French communities during the middle ages 7375
73
Municipal institutions in early Spain 7982
79
DEVELOPMENT OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT IN ENGLAND
85
The English municipal corporation 93
93
The early English borough and its influence on
99
The Great Charter
107
Subsequent granting of municipal charters 113115
113
Control of local corporations by the crownjudi
115
Municipal government under feudal charters
121
The English Municipal Corporation Reform Act 129131
129
Modern English borough 137
137
The three general types of local government 143
143
Organs of local government as public quasicorpo
149
The value of local selfgovernmentviews of emi
157
General progress making 160
160
Vienna
168
Paris 174176
174
London
183
MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE UNITED STATES
189
Public and private character of municipal adminis
203
Nature and scope of municipal administration indi
211
Attempts to improve municipal organization 213216
213
Samecommission plan 217219
217
Sameautocratic mayor 219220
219
The true conception of governmentimportance of form of municipal organization 220222
220
Difficulties of material improvement 223225
223
Education in the science of municipal government 225227
225
The use of public powers for private advantage 227230
227
Proper performance of civic obligations 230
230
Failure to separate state and national politics from local public issues 235238
235
State interference with municipal affairscities should be free and selfgoverning 238241
238
CHAPTER 2
242
243
243
The corporation is distinct from its members 245
245
Elements of the corporation enumerated 247
247
Common law powers of the corporation
248
Municipal corporation defined 253258
253
What included in the term municipal corporation 259265
259
The state as a municipal corporation 265
265
Corporation for municipal purposes 266269
266
Municipal corporations distinguished from quasi corporations 269272
269
How municipal corporations differ from counties 272277
272
Municipal corporations distinguished from school districts 277280
277
School districts have statutory powers only 280281
280
The New England town contrasted with the
281
Membership in a municipal corporation 288
288
Sameillustrative cases
292
Power to create vested in state 294296
294
Early corporations created by special actsevil
300
Effect of general statutes on special charters 308310
308
Classification
316
Incorporation by court 325
325
The petition for incorporationsufficiency 332
332
Court order of incorporation 338
338
Doctrine of implication
345
Acceptance of charter 351354
351
Same
358
Same 365
365
IN GENERALRESTRICTIONS CONSIDERED
373
Laws of a general nature shall have a uniform
374
Legislature may exercise compulsory authority
384
Local selfgovernment is recognized and sought
390
State may regulate selection of municipal officers 403
403
Population as a basis for classification 471472
471
Same subjectjustification for and relation
478
Laws applicable to municipal corporations of
484
The legislature cannot divide or add classes 485486
485
Samelocal option laws 492
492
Summary of principles applied to test the validity
498
Sameparks
506
Same general doctrine stated 512513
512
CHAPTER 5
514
Power delegated to municipal corporations to reg
518
LEGISLATIVE CONTROL OF FUNDS AND REVENUES
524
Same subject
526
Secs Pages
528
Legislative power to compel the levy of taxes 535
535
Same subjecthours of laborvalidating contract 542
542
Result of absence of affirmative constitutional pro
551
Right of local selfgovernment exists without
558
Secs Pages
565
565576
566
Actions_variance 571
571
CHAPTER 6
577
CHAPTER 7
584
Same subject 591
591
Power of state in establishing and changing muni
598
Enlargement of boundaries by annexation of terri
603
Discretion in submitting question of extension
612
Samedefinitions of platted lots blocks 621623
621
Reasonableness of annexationcontiguous or
627
Detachment of municipal territory 633636
633
Samesufficiency of ordinance 639
639
Sameplat or plan of property to be annexed
645
Sameaction to test validity of proceeding 649
649
Samereview
657
Taxation and exemptions on change of limits 665668
665
Same subject
671
CHAPTER 8
674
Repeal of charter may destroy 678680
678
Failure to elect officers dissolves when statute
684
Effect of judgment of ouster on quo warranto 692
692
Extinguishing by dividinglegislative apportion
698
Dissolution and reorganizationnew is successor
706
Dissolution without substitution 714716
714
Various dernitions of charters 720
720
Samethe scope of the functions of municipal gov
725
Samegeneral outline of municipal government
732
Mayors general supervisory control 738
738
CHARTERS OF VARIOUS CITIESCHICAGO SAN FRANCISCO
744
Municipal organization of Greater New York 751756
751
Commission planGalveston 756758
756
Same subject 763765
763
Indirect or legislative amendment of constitution
771
GENERAL CORPORATE POWERS 776861
776
Scope of charter 777
777
Rules of construction 786788
786
Construction of power to regulate 792
792
Cannot engage in private business
798
Appropriations for celebrations entertainments
804
Miscellaneous illustrations of implied powers 810813
810
Same subject
817
When ordinance necessary to exercise power 823
823
Same subject
827
Limitation of rule of nonjudicial interference 831833
831
Distinction between mandatory and discretionary
836
Powers and duties imposed upon particular
843
Same subject
850
Illustrative cases of powers of New England towns 857861
857
ture of charter
862
Party walls
867
Sameconstitutional prohibition
875
corporations 883
883
Wharvesownership of land 884885
884
Municipal corporation cannot abdicate control of wharves
886
Batture
887
Same subjectnature of wharfage 888890
888
Wharfage charge as an interference with interstate commerce
891
Character of public ferries 892897
892
Lease and operation of ferries 897
897
License and taxation of ferries etc 898
898
License for privilege of navigationregulating or interfering with foreign or interstate commerce 899901
899
Power to construct and maintain municipal bridges over navigable waters 902906
902
Urheberrecht

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Seite 449 - The General Assembly shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that is to say : Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the peace and of constables; For the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors...
Seite 450 - That all political power is inherent in the people, and all free Governments are founded on their authority, and instituted for their benefit; and that they have at all times an undeniable and indefeasible right to alter their form of government in such manner as they may think expedient.
Seite 317 - Cities and towns heretofore organized or incorporated may become organized under such general laws whenever a majority of the electors voting at a general election shall so determine...
Seite 347 - The General Assembly shall provide, by general law, for township organization, under which any county may organize whenever a majority of the legal voters of such county, voting at any general election, shall so determine...
Seite 251 - Among the most important are immortality, and, if the expression may be allowed, individuality; properties by which a perpetual succession of many persons are considered as the same, and may act as a single individual. They enable a corporation to manage its own affairs, and to hold property without the perplexing intricacies, the hazardous and endless necessity, of perpetual conveyances, for the purpose of transmitting it from hand to hand. It is chiefly for the purpose of clothing bodies of men,...
Seite 786 - It is a general and undisputed proposition of law that a municipal corporation possesses and can exercise the following powers and no others: First, those granted in express words; second, those necessarily or fairly implied in or incident to the powers expressly granted; third, those essential to the declared objects and purposes of the corporation — not simply convenient but indispensable.
Seite 256 - Constitution protects, we find that when private property is 'affected with a public interest, it ceases to be juris privati only.
Seite 442 - The general assembly shall not delegate to any special commission, private corporation or association, any power to make, supervise, or interfere with any municipal improvement, money, property, or effects, whether held in trust or otherwise, or to levy taxes, or perform any municipal function whatever.
Seite 535 - The legislature shall have no power to impose taxes upon counties, cities, towns or other public or municipal corporations, or upon the inhabitants or property thereof, for county, city, town, or other municipal purposes, but may, by general laws, vest in the corporate authorities thereof the power to assess and collect taxes for such purposes.
Seite 421 - That the people of this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police thereof, and of altering and abolishing their Constitution and form of government, whenever it may be necessary to their safety and happiness...

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