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by the trials they undergo and the vouchers they furnish : and if so-manifested, need neither robes or titles to set them off.
LIST of governors of Pensylvania, and dates of the several charters, &c. of that province.
Abstract of the charter granted to William Penn.
Certain conditions or concessions, of Mr. Penn to the first adventurers in, and settlers of, Pensylyania.
Mr. Penn's first frame of government.
The province of Pensylvania and the territory of the three lower counties united by his management.
Remonstrance of a subsequent assembly against the said union. ,
Motives of the planters, assigned by the said asseinbly, for accepting the second frame of government.
Mr. Penn's return to England, and appointment of commissioners to administer the government. Disorders which ensued during his absence. Captain Blackwell's government.
The government assumed into the lands of the crown in 1693, and administered by colonel Fletcher, governor of New York.
He declares the constitution of Mr. Penn's government, and that of their majesties, to be directly opposite to each other.
He menaces the assembly with an annexion of their province to that of New York.
Protestation against passing of bills, amended by the governor and council, without the previous assent of the assembly to those amendments, and of money-bills before grievances have been redressed.
Remonstrance to Mr. Penn concerning this period.
The governor admits the principles of the quakers, not to carry arms, or levy money to make war; and solicits a supply to feed the hungry and clothe the naked (Indians).
The assembly insist on their right to appropriate as well as to raise money.
The government of William Markham, Esq.
The province purged from the odium of favouring pirates, and carrying on an illicit trade.
A new model of elections agreed to.
Another assembly called upon another model, to meet at Newcastle instead of Philadelphia.
Aids granted for the proprietary-governor, in exchange for a conformation of property.
An aid of 3501. sterling to the crown on this account.
Mr. Penn's plausible speech to a new assembly.
Three of the requisitions they made to him, with his answers and their replies. ·
A breach between the province and the territory.
The last charter of privileges, which, under the royal charter, is now the rule of government.
It is unanimously rejected by the freemen of the territory. Mr. Penn's departure for England.
Andrew Hamilton, Esq. deputy-governor, in vain endeavours to unite the territory with the province.
John Evans, Esq. succeeds Hamilton, and makes the like endeavour, also in vain.
Controversy between him and the assembly concerning the bill to confirm the charter.
Nine several heads of complaint entered in the minutes of the assembly, as the ground of a representation to the proprietary ; being the representation, several times before cited.
The reinainder of that representation.
A copy of it demanded by the governor and refused by the assembly
The latter make a merit of having forborne to make their representation public.
The governor obtains an assembly to his wish, by undue practices.
Animosities between Lloyd, speaker of the assembly, and Logan, secretary to the governor and council. .
The governor censures the proprietary's charter of property.
The draughtman's defence of it.
The governor declares the proprietary's high resentment of the assembly's representation.
The assembly's reply.
The governor refers to the charter of privileges as the only rule of government.
The assembly complains of infractions made in it.
Their representation to the proprietary against the governor.
Logan impeached by the assembly.
An unanimous vote of thanks to the proprietary for recalling Evans.
General view of Gookin's government.
Logan, one of those trustees, obtains a majority in the council against the governor.
Logan makes a voyage to England, and returns with private instructions to Keith, which Keith communicates to the assembly.
The governor and assembly in concert pay no regard to the said instructions.
A controversy in print, between the governor and Logan thereon.
A breach between the governor and speaker.
The province in a state of tranquillity for nine years under his administration.
A pathetic reflection on the melancholy case of governors recalled.
Pensylvania easy to be governed, if well governed.
Private instructions from the proprietary in two several instances declared void.
The proprietary of Pensylvania too inconsiderable here at home to be a patron to the province, and too unsizeably great there.
The proprietaries the sole purchasers of Indian lands: -the people at the sole expence of Indian affairs :treaties and purchases concomitant.
The quitrents of Pensylvania, paid to the proprietary, first demanded and granted to defray the charge of go- . verninent. Notwithstanding which the people now pay taxes for F 3
that purpose, and the proprietaries insist on holding their estates tax-free.
Paper-money first issued in Pensylvania. Precautions taken to secure it from depreciation.
Mr. Penn's trustees averse to the said issue, till a provision was made, at the expence of the province, to render his heirs gainers by it.
Room left in the constitution of the province for self-defence by force of arms, though the use of arms was not consistent with the principles of quakers.
In consequence of complaints to parliament, of the mischiefs arising from excessive issues of paper-money by the eastern governments (that is to say those of New England) a general instruction was sent to all the governors of North America, not to give their assent to any farther bills of that nature, without a suspending clause, till his majesty's pleasure should be known.
The assembly grants money in aid of the expedition against Carthagena.
The governor inlists indented servants upon that occasion; and the asseinbly apply the money they had given to indemnify the masters.
They give 3,000l. towards the public service, to be applied as his majesty should direct.
Also another sum of 4,000l. to furnish necessaries to the troops in Louisburgh.
And yet another sum of 5,0001. towards the intended expedition against Canada in the year 1746, by an ad. dition of the like sum to their paper currency, aud notwithstanding the above instruction, the governor gave his assent to the bill for that purpose.
The proprietaries of Pensylvania oppose the bill brought into parliament for restraining the northern