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THE TWORK
PUE:

RY

ASTOR, LED VD
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

1897.

Printed by ALEX. Thom & Sons, 87, Abbey-street, Dublin. PREFACE.

The substance of the INTRODUCTION to this Compilation was originally given by me in the form of a lecture, to the Teachers in the Training Establishment of the Board of National Education in Ireland; and in order that it might be of permanent use to them after leaving the Establishment, I readily, at their request, furnished them with copies of it in print. I did not however publish it; nor was my intention that it should circulate beyond our own schools.*

necessary for

* In the original preface it is stated : "I have, at your desire, had it printed; and I have now only to request your earnest and immediate attention to the principles and directions which it contains. It contains, as you will find, the fullest, and I may add, the best information that has as yet been given on the subject of School Reading. The opinions of the eminent writers introduced into it, and the copious extracts which have been given from their works, fully justify me in making this statement.

“But while it will supply you with full and accurate information on the Art of Reading, it will also convince you, I hope, of this important truth--that in order to make good readers of your pupils, it will be

you to be good readers yourselves. I do not say, that it will be absolutely necessary for you to be what is called accomplished readers. This may be beyond your power. In fact, few persons, comparatively speaking, are possessed of the natural qualifications which an accomplished reader requires; such as a good voice, a varied and pleasing intonation, and an easy and graceful delivery. But you should at least be intelligible and correct readers. For how is it possible for a person to exemplify what he teaches if there be any defects in his articulation, or vulgarity in his pronunciation?. Even a strong provincial accent disqualifies him as a teacher of reading; for his pupils would be sure to imitate every peculiarity in his tone and manner. The rulgar proverb,

As the old cock crows the young one learns,' is so applicable to this branch of teaching, that I may be excused for quoting it. Though a homely, it is, in fact, a perfect illustration of the subject; for reading is a truly imitative art.

“I trust, then, that the Teachers of our Schools will see the necessity for qualifying themselves for this very important part of their duty. Many of them, it is true, will find it next to impossible to divest themselves of their native provincialism of tone and accent; but they should at least, be able to give every word its proper pronunciation, and to read. with ease, intelligence, and expression. To enable them to do th. 156 I have now, however, been induced by the recommendation
of several educational friends, to increase its utility by pub-
lishing it in connexion with a Class Book on READING.*
The great number of excellent Reading Books which have
been published of late years, seems to render a new one on
the subject uncalled for, and unnecessary; but I have long
been of opinion, that in almost all of these class books there
is a great deficiency in LITERARY SELECTIONS. That Com-
pilations of this kind (particularly when they are intended
for the use of the children in Popular or National Schools)
should contain as much information as possible on scientific
and useful subjects is certainly very desirable; but still the
literature of our language should have its due place in
them ;t or at least, there should be, in addition to them,
some other class books to supply this deficiency. With this
view I have compiled the present volume; and should I be
spared, it is probable that I may at no very distant period

Rules for Reading, founded on the Inflections of the Voice-Archbishop

Whately's Views on the Subject—His Rule for Good Reading-Ex-
tract from the Compiler's Outline of the Method of Teaching in the
National Model Schools-Extracts from Sheridan's Introduction to the
Art of Speaking-Dr. Franklin's Views ou the Subject-Extracts from
the most eminent Works on the Subject, British. American, and French-
Practical Suggestions for Beginners-Short Directions for Young Read-
ers--Accent and Emphasis– Walker's “Inflections of the Voice" Ana-
lyzed and Explained -General Rules and Examples—The Series and
iis Varieties—The Parenthesis, and Parenthetic Clauses-- The Climax-
Rhetorical Punctuation-Directions for Reading Verse-Modulation
of the Voice—The Passions—Sheridan's Art of Speaking,

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