« ZurückWeiter »
18th Sessoess;} Commercial Relations between the U. Slutes and the Netherlands.
[H. of R.
America has been abolished, founded upon this, that in and to know which of the two Governments has made the kingdom of the Netherlands the flag of the United the commencement. States enjoyed the same advantages as the national The discussion of the causes which can have determinflag; the new disposition of the tariff appears to Mr. ed the American Government to revoke, from the beginEverett to be in opposition to the principle of reci- ning of the following session of Congress, the act of 20th procity:
April, 1818, is unknown to the Government of the Neth. The answer is found in the aim of this disposition, erlands. No conjecture will be permitted, if the meawhich does not appear to have been well understood. sure, in place of being specially directed against the
By the laws of the 12th June 1821, and 10th August commerce of the Netherlands, do not rather announce a last, the duties remain without distinction, the same for complete alteration of system. foreign ships and for national. This restitution of a The deliberations of Congress in the Fall, will resolve tenth for the merchandise imported by the ships of the this problem; but, in the mean time, the certain prosNetherlands, has done no more (as the 11th article of pect of losing the advantages assured by the act beforethe law of the 12th July, 1821, expresses it,) than to mentioned, to our commerce or to our navigation, alone give encouragement and proper aid to the works of the serves as a sufficient cause for preventing the Governnation. This restitution therefore supplies the place of ment of the Netherlands from establishing any exception the premiums of encouragement which the Government in the new tariff in favor of the American flag. miglit bave granted to every ship built in the Nether- The undersigned bas the honor to renew to Mr. Eve. lands; a disposition which certainly never could have rett the assurance of his distinguished consideration. given room to the American Government to complain of
A. W. C. de NAGELL, an inequality of treatment in respect to the ships. If the Brussels, 27th May, 1823. Governmert of the United States had found it good to grant a similar premium to the American ships, surely
Mr. Everelt to the Baron de Nagell. the king could have found in that no cause of remon
BRUSSELS, May 31, 1823. strance. His Majesty would have only seen in it a bounty intended to encourage, or to favor, the manufactures Sir: have just received your Excellency's answer to of the nation.
the note which I had the honor of addressing to you on Although the Government of the Netherlands might the 7th March, upon the subject of some of the provi. confine iiself to this explanation, the undersigned has, sions of the new tariff, and learn, with regret, from this nevertheless, been charged to take advantage of this communication, that it is the King's intention to enforce occasion to examine the question more thoroughly. In these provisions against the commerce of the United approaching it with frankness, it will be easy to find, in States. I shall immediately transmit your reply to my the conduct of the United States, the justification of Government, who will judge how far the new policy of what is charged upon the Government of the Nether. this country is justified by the arguments you allege in lands.
its favor, and what measure it may be expedient for ihem After the negotiations begun at the Hague, by the to adopt under the circumstances of the case. respective commissioners foi a treaty of commerce, were Without pretending to anticipate the decision of the interrupted, the act of Congress of 20th April, 1818, was President and Congress of the United States, upon this passed. In the course of these negotiations, observation subject, I think it my duty to add here a few short rewas made to the American commissioners of the liberal. marks, relating chiefly to the latter part of your Excel. ity of the Governmen: of the Netherlands in its relations lency's note, in which you dwell upon the effect of the with America, and an attempt was made to convince act of March 3, 1819. You appear to consider this act them that at all times llie American flag had been more as a definitive repeal of the two former laws on the favored here than the flag of the Netherlands had been same subject, and looking at it from this point of view in America.
you naturally conclude that it forms of itself a complete Such are apparently the reports of the American Ple- reply to the reasoning in my note, and that, because I did nipotentiaries, as well as the representations of the not mention it, I could not be aware of its existence. Charge d'Affaires of His Majesty at Washington, which .The act is a document of public notoriety, and is printed produced this act of 20th April, 1818, by which that of in the collection of the laws of the United States, with id Mareb, 1815, concerning the general, but conditional the other laws which I had occasion to quote. It produc. abolition of discri punating duties has been rendered ap- ed no material effect upon the relations between the plicable, and even amplified, to the flag of the Nether countries, and did not therefore require to be mentioned lando. As long as this state of things exists, the expla- in the course of my remarks upon the subject. I rather nations demanded in the official letter of Mr. Everett, regret, however, that I had not attended to it, and ex. may appear proper.
plained its operation, inasmuch as the construction given But can Mr. Everett be ignorant that his Government to it by your Excellency, though erroneous, was natural is upon the point of revoking the prolongation of these enough in a foreigner unacquainted with the forms of advantages and that an act of the 3d March, 1819, de- our legislation, and seems to have liad an unfavorable crees that the two acts before cited (that of 3d March, influence upon the whole tenor of your reply. 1815, and of 20th April, 1818,) shall cease to be in force The object of this act, which wears the shape of a reat the date of 1st January, 1894 ? and that, in conse. peal of the two former ones, was to fis a time when the quence, the equalization of duties of entry and clear- subject should be taken up again in Congress. A limiance, and the duties of tonnage of vessels under the tation of this sort is with us, annexed to almost all new flag of the Netherlands, in the different ports of the laws of much importance, and often makes a part of United States, will no more continue after that time? - them. It furnishes, therefore, in this case, no proof of Ilis note would cause the presumption that he had no an intention to change the system: and as the laws and knowledge of it; otherwise, we may be allowed to be negotiations of the United States, subsequent to its adoplieve that he would not have addressed it. It is, sloubi- tion, prove on the contrary their disposition to adhere to less, a matter of surprise, that he has not been inforined it, there is little or no reason to doubt that the result of of a disposition which so essentially changes the state of a reconsideration of the subject, will be to re-enact the affairs; but, although it do not belong to this article, it law, with such alterations as may appear expedient.--. is sufficient that it is impossible for the Government of Among these alterations will probably be, the repeal of the Netherlands to call in question the existence of this the privileges granted by the act, to any powers which revocation, for having a ground upon which the commer. may have subsequently withdrawn the corresponding cial relations with the United States are to be found, privileges, formerly allowed by them to the citizens of 18th CONGRESS,
} Commercial Relations between the U. States and the Netherlands.
[H. of R.
the United States. Hence, the only effect of this act, The object requiring most immediate attention is your upon the relations between those states and the Nether. correspondence with the Baron de Nagell, concerning lands, will be to fix the time when the American Go- the law of the Netherlands, of the 26th of August, 1822, vernment will probably remodel their system, in con establishing a drawback of one-tenth of the cuties upon formity to that which may be in force here : anil if the merchandise exported or imported in national vessels, King is really desirous to continue those relations upon and referring to other favors to the national flag, in the their present footing, the act of March 3, 1819, instead general law, and in the tariff. of operating as an objection to the allowance of an es- The view you have taken of both parts of the agree. emption to American vessels, from the effect of the new ment, in the Baron de Nagell's note of the 27th of May, tariff, would serve, on the contrary, as a reason for tak- is approved, and leaves me little to say in addition to it. ing such a measure with the least possible delay. From the stre:uous manner in which the Baron urges
Such are the remarks which I have thought it my duty the act of Congress of the 3d March, 1819, in justificato communicate to your Excellency, in relation io the tion of the new discriminations in the law of the Netheract of March 3, 1819. The other part of your answer. lands, it is apparent that he places little reliance upon which treats more directly the points in question, would the other part of his note. The object of all discrimin. also admit of some objections. You intimate that, pro- ating duties is to favor the national shipping and shipvided the duties levied upon foreigners and native citi- building interest; and whether in the shape of addition. zens, are nominally the same, a Government may allow al impost, of tonnage, of drawback, or of bounty, they a drawback in favor of the latter, without subjecting it are alike felt in the competition of navigation, and alike self to the charge of partiality. This distinction seems, incompatible with the principle of equal privilege and however, to be more formal than real: and if the fo. burden. It will be proper, therefore, explicitly to state, reigner actually pays in any way ten per cent. more than that the case bypothetically stated by the Baron de Nathe citizen, it would be rather difficult to prove that they gell, of a bounty upon ship-building, is considered by are placed upon an equal footing; or in other words, this Government as much within the principle of dis. that they pay the same. Your Excellency also remarks, criminating duties as a direct tonnage duty, and equally that the discrimination established by the new law, in at variance with the system of equalization established favor of the subjects of the Netherlands, is justifiable, on with a mutual understanding between the United States account of its object, which was to encourage the navi- and the Netherlands, by reciprocal acts of legislation. gation of the country. In regard to this point, I must The limitation prescribed by the act of Congress of take the liberty to suggest, that the end, supposing it to 3d March, 1819, was, as you have observed, no intimajustify the means, does not change their character, nor, Lion on their part, to abandon the system. The act of in this instance, prove that a discrimination in favor of 3d March, 1815, was an experimental offer, made to all citizens is consistent with perfect impartiality between the maritime nations: it was, in the course of the same citizens and foreigners. The American Government had year, accepted by Great Britain, confirmed in the form in view the same object, viz. the encouragement of the of a convention. A similar effort was made with the navigation of their country, in establishing a discriminat- Netherlands in 1817, but without success; but the prining tonnage duty in favor of our own vessels: but they ciple of equalization was established by corresponding certainly never thought of maintaining that the foreign legislative acts. The lanseatic cities and Prussia, sucers, against whom this discrimination operates, are as fa- cessively acceded to the same system, and, as well as the vorably treated in our ports as the citizens of the United Netherlands, required an extension of the equalizing States; or of claiming, under this pretence, an impartial principle offered by the act of Congress of 3d March, treatment for the latter in the poris of such foreigners. 1815, to merchandise of the growth, produce, or manu
I must, however, beg your Excellency, in conclusion, facture, of countries, other than that to which ihe vessel not to consider these new remarks as intended for the pur. should belong; but, usually, first exported from thence. pose of urging very strenuously upon the Government In conceding this extension of their first offer to the ciof the Netherlands, a compliance with the proposition ties of Hamburgh and Bremen, and to Prussia, after hav. contained in my note of the 7th of March. My principal ing yielded it to the Netherlands, Congress thought pro. object has been to explain one or two points in that com- per to fix a time for a deliberate revision of the whole munication, which you seem to have misunderstood.- system; and, therefore, limited the duration of all the The people of the United States are too well satisfied laws relating to it, to the first of January, 1824. But with the goodly heritage which the bounty of Providence neither Congress, nor the Executive Government, have has allotted to them ; and too abundantly supplied from manifested any intention to abandon the system. The their own territories with the best products of almost all President hins, on the contrary, more than once, expressclimales, to solicit very anxiously of any foreign powered the favorable view in which it is considered by him, the concession of favors, commercial or political. In and particularly in bis message to Congress, at the openproposing to other nations to open to them, on a footing ing of the session, on the 3d December, 1821. of equality, the immense and various resources of our The whole subject will, undoubtedly, be one of the vast Republic, they conceive themselves to be acting for first objects of deliberation at the ensuing session of the good of those nations and of hunanity, as well as for Congress. There is no reason to doubt that the existing
If the King does not deem it expedient for equalization with regard to the Netherlands would be himself or his subjects to accept this offer, the Govern continued, but for the change which has been made 00 ment of the United States, without complaining of his their part. A declaration from that Government that refusal, and without suffering much from it, will, coubt the discriminations against which you have made repreless, regret that the views of so enlightened a monarch sentations, have not been, and will not be, applicable to pon a great question in political economy,should be dif- the United States, so long as the vessels of the Netherferent from their own.
lands, in the ports of the United States, shall continue to I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, sir, enjoy the equalization secured to them by the acts of ConYour Excellency's very ob't, servt.
gress of 3d March, 1815, and 20th April, 1818, will suA. H. EVERETT. percede, without doubt, all change of the existing regu
lations here, favorable to the navigation of that country. Copy of a letter from the Secretary of State to Mr. Everett, It is very desirable that you should obtain such a decla. Charge d'Affaires of the Unite štates to the Netherlands.' ration in time to forward it, so that it may be received DEPANTMENT OF STATE, 9th Aug. 1823.
here by the first Monday in December, when the session
of Congress will commence, or as soon after as possible. Sır: Your despatches, to No. 105, inclusive, have been the act of Congress on the revision of the system, wild received, and your letters marked private, to No. 27. probably pass in the course of that inonths
Commercial Relations between the U. States and the Netherlands.
[H. of R.
In the Baron de Nagell's note mention is made of three encourage the building of national ships, and not the laws of the Netherlands, in relation to this subject, of trade in such ships after they are built, is, of course, no the 12th of June, and 12th of July, 1821, and of the 10th violation of the equalizing system.
I have thought, of August, 1822 I will thank you to send me copies of since this decree made its appearance, that a bounty of all these acts in French, and also of the law of the 26th this kind must have been intended by the Baron de Na. of August, 1822, and of the new tariff.
gell in his note of May 27; as the distinction between I am, with great respect, sir,
the effect of a bounty on transportation in national ships, Your very humble and obedient servant,
and a formal discrimination in the duties, seems to be JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. really too absurd to be taken in earnest by any man of Alex. H. EVERETT, Esq.
If the Baron meant by his prime d'enCharge d'Affuires, U. S. to the Netherlands.
couragement, a bounty on ship building, it is true, as he
says, that such a b unty would form no subject of comMr. Everett to Mr. Adams-No. 107.
plaint: but this fact does not strengthen his argument, Brussels, November 11, 1823.
because, such a bounty has no analogy whatever to the
drawback on goods imported in national ships. I should, SIR : Your despatches of the 8th and 9th of August, perhaps, have introduced this idea in my note of the 5th. which came under the same cover, were received on the but I had written and transmitted it before the decree first of November. Agreeably to your instructions, 1 was in print. immediately addressed notes to the Baron de Nagell up- I have the honor to be, with high respect, sir, on the subjects of both, copies of which are enclosed. Your most obedient, and very humble servant, I have requested an early answer respecting the dis
A. H. EVERETTcriminating duty; but there is very little chance of ob- Hon. Joux Quixcy ADAMS, taining it in time for it to be known at Washingtun be
Secretary of State. fore the new law is passed. The laws of July 12, 1821, and August 26, 1822, are
Mr. Everett to Baron de Nagell. the only ones quoted by the Baron de Nagell in his note
Brussels, November 5, 1823. of May 27. The appearance of a different date in one Sir: I have the honor to inform your Excellency that of the passages, in which they are alluded to, arose from ! have just received the instructions of my Government, an accidental error of the clerk in the original note, in regard to the subjects created of in my nvie of the 7th which, it seems, was retained in the hurry of writing, of last March. I am directed to communicate to you, in my copies. The beginning of the fifth paragraph tor the information of His Majesty, the President's views should read, D'apres les loix du 12 Juillet, 1821, et 26 respecting that affair. Aout, dernier, instead of D'apres les loir du 12 Juin, 1821, My object in the note just mentioned, was to remonet 10 Aout dernier. The law of the 12th of July, and strate against certain parts of the new financial law, the tariff of the 26th of August, were transmitted to the which appeared to me to infringe the system of impar. Department about the time of their adoption, viz: the tiality, that has formed for soine time past the basis former with my despatch, No. 80, and the latter with of the commercial relations between the United States my letter, marked "private No. 18." The general law and the Netherlands; and, I specified particularly, the of the 26th of August was not sent with the tariff, not tenth article of the law of the 20th of August, 1822, being then in print. I have now the honor of sending which establishes a drawback of ten per cent of the you copies of both, bound together in a volume. I have whole amount of duties in favor of goods imported in made inquiry for the law of July 12, but have not yet Dutch vessels. Your Excellency did me the honor to been able to procure it; and the copy I have on band, is slate in reply, in your note of the 27th of May, that these bound up in a volume with several other documents, distinctions were justifiable on the ground of their pawhich would be useless at the Department. As soon as triotic design, which was no other than to afford a suitI can obtain a copy, I shall certainly transmit it to you. able encouragement to the shipping of the country.In the mean time, if you should have occasion to consult You remarked, that a drawback'in favor of the citizen, this law, you may, perhaps, find upon the files the copy was not equivalent in principle, to a formal discrimina. which was sent before. It is, however, a mere state- tion against foreigners, but rather to a bounty-a meament of general principles, preliminary to the laws of sure not inconsistent, in the view of His Majesty's GoAugust 26, 1822, and contaius no regulations whatever, vernment, with a system of perfect impartiality between intended for immediate practical effect.
citizens and foreigners ; and you added in conclusion, You will observe, that, beside the general drawback of that, supposing the article in question to be really inten per cent. in favor of national vessels, there are dis- consistent with such a system, the Government of the criminations to a similar effect upon several sepa. United States would still possess no right to demand rate 'articles. The principal of these are tea, coffee, their repeal, inasmuch as they had already, by their act and sugar. The duty on teas is raised by the present of March 3, 1819, revoked their own former laws in fa. tariff; but the discrimination has existed since the year vor of the commerce of the Netherlands. 1817, and does not appear to have been considered as As your Excellency insisted a good deal upon this last inconsistent with the equalizing system, probably be point, and expressed some surprise that I had not aliud. cause the article is not of the growth of the United States. ed in my note to this act of 1819, I thought it my duty The discrimination in regard to coffee, established by to inform you at the cime, by my answer of May 31, that the general law, article 5, sec. 9, is new; but being in the law in question was intended merely to determine favor of the national colonial trade, is not, perhaps, a fair the period at which the subject should be taken up again subject of complaint. The additional duty on sugar, im- in Congress, and that the Government of the United ported in foreign vessels, is, however, a direct violation States had no design of abandoning the established sysof the equalizing system; as are, also, those upon one I added, that the distinction pointed out by your or iwo other articles of less importance, such as sali, mo- Excellency between the different modes of favoring the lasses, and wood for building, which, with the three shipping of a country, did not appear to me to be strictly mentioned above, are the only ones in which I have no just, and that, if foreigners really paid ten per cent. more ticed any special discrimination.
than subjects, it was of little importance to them, wheth. A decree bas lately been published, offering a bounty er they did it in one form or another. Confining myself of eight florins per ton, on all ships of above three hun-to these remarks, I referred the matter to my Govern. dred tons burden, built within the country for three ment for decision, and transmitted to Washington the years to come. This regulation, which is intended to correspondence that had passed.
isa Gessekss,} Commercial Relations between the U. States and the Netherlunds.
I have now the honor of informing your Excellency, part of your note of the 27th of May, I am direcied to by direction of the President, that he has learned with remark further, that the President is disposed 10 believe much regret, the intention of His Majesty's Government and to hope that the change of system which has taken to alter the liberal system which has been in force for place, has been owing, chiefly, to a misunderstanding of some time past, and which was considered as beneficial the object of the act of March 3, 1819. In regard to to both parties, and conformable to their general princi- this point, I am now authorized to assure you, explicitly, ples of administration.
in the name of my Government, as I have done before As to the reasoning, by which your Excellency justiin my own, that the object of the act was, simply to fix a fies this change, in your note of the 27th of May, my time when the subject should be re-considered in ConGovernment confirins in general, the remarks which I gress, and that the Government has no intention, what. had made in reply to it, in my communication of the 31st ever, to abandon the system. The acts and negotiations of the same month. The President cannot admit the that have taken place, since its adoption, and the mescorrectness of the distinction between the effect of a sages addressed, by the President, to Congress, in partibounty or a drawback, and that of a formal discrimina- cular that of December, 1821, attest the steady disposition. He thinks, on the contrary, that impartiality is at tion of the administration, in all its branches, to mainan end whenever the foreigner finds himself in any way tain this course. The laws, which expire at the end of less advantageously situated than the native ; and is ra- the year, will be doubtless re-enacted, with such modi. ther surprised, that the Government of the Netherlands fications as may appear expedient: and if one of these should question a principle which appears so perfectly modifications should be the omission of the name of the evident. And, as your Excellency seems to have taken it Neiherlands from tlie list of privileged nations, the for granted, that the Government of the U. States would change will be owing. entirely, to the new regulations not have considered a bounty on the transportation of contained in the Dutch law, of August 26, 1822. goods in Dutch vessels, as any violation of the equaliz- The American Government is, however, inclined to ing system, I am authorized to assure you explicitly, hope, that this retaliatory measure will not be necessary; that, in the view of the American Government, such a and that, if the act of March 3, 1819, has been explained measure would be entirely inadmissible, being equiva- to the satisfaction of His Majesty, he will re-consider the lent in principle, as it is in effect, to a forraal discrimina. provisional decision, announced in your Excellency's tion.
note, of the 31st of May, and restore to the American The patriotic intention of His Majesty's Government, trade the privileges which it has heretofore enjoyed. in adopting these measures, is highly honorable to the Should this be the case, I will thank your Excellency to character of the king and his ministers; but cannot, cer- give me as early information of the fact as may be con. tainly, be understood to reconcile contraries, or to prove venient, that I may transmit it immediately to Washing. that discriminations in favor of native citizens are consis. ton. The subject will, probably, be taken up in Con. tent with a system of impartiality between citizen and gress before the close of the year; and it is desirable foreigner. The encouragement of the national industry that the king's final decision should be known previousis, doubtless, with enlightened governments, the princi- ly to the passage of the new law. pal object of all commercial regulations; and, in seeking Your Excellency will permit me to remark, in conclu. to effect this object, each government adopts the policy sion, that the privilege enjoyed by the Dutch Alag, of which appears to suit best with its particular position. covering the products of Germany and Switzerland, has, Some nations attempt to include the competition of fo- also, been extended to the flags of Prussia and the Hanse reigners, hy [placing) them higher than citizens', and by Towns. As the ports of the Netherlands are more congranting bounties to the latter; while others, on the veniently situated for shipping these products to the contrary, endeavor to make their dominion the marts United States, it is believed that the greater part of this of general commerce, and hold out every possible in- commerce now takes that direction. If, however, the ducement to fore ners to frequent their ports. This privilege in question, should be revoked, as respects the latter policy was formerly preferred in the Netherlands, Netherlands, and continued to the other above mentionat the time when Bourges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam, ed powers, there would then be an advantage of ten per figured, in succession, with so much brilliancy, at the cent, in conveying the products of the interior of Europe head of the industry and commerce in Europe: and it to the United States, through the ports of Prussia and seems, in fact, to agree very well with the situation of a the Hanse Towns, rather than those of this country : and country of limited extent and dense population-water. This difference, in the present state of commerce, would ed by numerous rivers, that connect it with the more decide the preference. The subjects of the Netherlands productive parts of Europe, and embosomed in seas that will, therefore, lose, by the effects of the new system, afford an easy intercourse with all the rest of the world. not only a considerable advantage in the carriage of their Both these systems, however, have their peculiar ad- own products, but the profits of a pretty important and vantages; and each supposes alike, on the part of the lucrative branch of trade which they must now nearly administrativn, the intention to encourage national indus. monopolize. try, and promote the public good. But, were it even I have the honor to be, with high respect, sir, admitted that the exclusive policy were more advantage.
Your Excellency's very obedient servant, ous, and, consequently, more patriotic than the liberal
A. H. EVERETT. one, it would still be not the less certain that the two are essentially different; ard that partial measures, how
Mr. Everett to Mr. Adams.-(No. 110.) ever patriotic they may be, can never be impart al. Your Excellency re:narks, in your note of the 27th of
BRUSSELS, February 21, 1824. May, that the bounties and drawbacks allowed to the Sin: I learn from the public papers that a new law subjects of the Netherlands, furnish the American Go- has been enacted on the subjeci of the discriminating vernment with no just ground of complaint, because duties, and presume that I shall receive a copy of it from these measures are intend d to protect and encourage the you, with instructions to communicate it to this Govershipping of the country. But however just and laudable ment. But, as the time of my depariure is now pretty this design may be, in itself, the partial measures adopt near, I thought it advisable, in order to give them an oped in pursuance of it are, unquestionably, fair subjects portunity to deliberate upon the matter before I go, not of complaint with any foreign nation which has a valid to wait for this, but to address a note at once to the claim to be treated on a footing of impartiality.
Minister of Foreign Affairs. I have accordingly sent Having submitted to your Excellency, by order of my one, of which I have the honor to enclose a copy. If I Government, these additional observations upon the first should hereafter receive any orders froin you upon the
1801 SOSGBess;} Commercial Relations between the U. States and the Netherlands. , [H. of R.
subject. I shall give them, of course, the most punctual merce of the Netherlands, from that of the 20th April, attention, and take any further measures that they may 1818, expired on the 31st December last, except the prescribe,
modification, in what concerns the navigation of the Re. I have the honor to be, with high respect,
public, of articles of the new system of impositions in Sir, your very obedient humble servant, the Netherlands, which establish discriminations against
A. H. EVERETT. strangers. Hon. Joux Quincy Adams,
I have likewise informed His Majesty, as well of the Secretary of State.
course which you are about to pursue, as of the conseFebruary 24.
quence which I have provisionally given to it, and I shall Postscript.-Since writing the above, I have received not fail, sir, to inform you of the determination which from Mr. Reinhold a preliminary answer to my note, of shall be taken in that regard, as soon as I shall be inwhich I have the bonor to add a copy.
formed of it.
In the mean time, I take this occasion, sir, to renew Mr. Everett to the Chevalier de Reinhold.
to you the assurance of my very distinguished consider
asion. Brussels, February 20, 1824.
J. G. REINHOLD. SIR: I have the honor to inform your F.xcellency that
Hague, 20th February, 1824. the privileges granted to the Dutch flag, in the ports of the United States, by the act of the 20th of April, 1818, Extract of a letter from Mr. Everett to Mr. Adams, (No. which expired at the close of the last year, have been
111,) dated renewed by the late law of January 9. As soon as I re
BRUSSELS, 230 March, 1824. ceive an authentic copy of the new act, I shall take the
“A file of the Intelligencer came to hand a few days liberty of sending it to you. You will find in the Brussels Journal of the 16th inst. a French translation, which criminating duties, I immediately transmitted a copy
which contained the new law respecting the disappears to be correct.
of it to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, accompanied by The passage of this law confirms the assurances which
a short note, of which I have the honor to enclose a I gave to your predecessor, the Baron de Nagell, that the act of March 3, 1819, repealing that of April 20, 1818,
copy.” was merely formal, and that the Government had no in.
Mr. Everett to the Chevalier de Reinhold. tention to abandon the system. The new act extends the privileges, granted by the former one, to all such
BRUSSELS, March 22, 1824. foreign powers as may allow the same privileges to us Smn: I have the honor to transmit here with to your in their ports, and for the same length of time. If any Excellency, a copy of the new law mentioned in my note foreign power shall revoke these privileges, our law of the 20th of February. You will perceive that it sewill cease to have its effect, in regard to such power. cures all the privileges granted to the Dutch flag by the llence, if the Governinent of the Netherlands shall so act of April 20, 1818, and particularly that of transportmodify its new regulations as to make them inapplicable ing to the United States, upon a footing of equality, the to the American trade, they will thereby retain the ad- products of the interior of Europe. This provision was, vantages they now enjoy in the ports of the Republic. I believe, omitted in the French translation of the act, If, on the contrary, they persist in putting these regula- published by the Brussels Journal. tions in force against us, the President of the United I have had occasion, in several preceding notes, to States is authorized by the law to withdraw these pri- offer to the consideration of His Majesty's Government vileges immediately, and to place the Dutch Alag upon such remarks as I thought would place the subject in the footing of that of the least favored nations, by sub. its proper light: and I deem it unnecessary to renew jecting it to the additional duties that are levied upon the discussion at present. Requesting your Excellency foreigners.
to communicate the enclosed law to His Majesty the As the principal cause, which appears to have occa. King, sioned the application of the new rules to the trade of I have the honor to be, with high respect, sir, the United States, no longer exists, the American Go.
Your Excellency's very ubedient servant, vernment have, perhaps, some right to flatter themselves
A H. EVERETT. that the effect will cease with it, and that the King will be disposed to continue, or rather to restore the equaliz
REPORT ing system. Without entering now into the train of rea. Of the Committee of Ways and Means on the state soning upon this subject, which I have already pursued of the Public Debt, accompanied with a bill auat sufficient length in my former notes, I sball content myself upon the present occasion with remarking, that
thorizing the Sucretary of the Treasury to bor. the answer with I may carry to my Government, upon
row a sum not exceeding twelve millions of my return to the United States, will probably be regard.
dollars, &c. &c.-Januuary 12, 1825. ed as final; and that it would give me great pleasure to The Committee of Ways and Means, to whom has been be the bearer of one that should tend, by its character, referred the “ Report from the Secretary of the Trea. to strengthen the bonds of amity and good understand. sury on the state of :he Finances," of the 31st Deceming that now so happily unite the two countries.
ber last, Report : I have the honor to be, with high respect, Sir, your Excellency's very obed't. serv't.
That, in considering so much of the said report as re
lates to the public debt of the United States, it appears, A. H. EVERETT.
that, on the first day of January, 1826, there will be re[TRANSLATION.]
deemable of the six per cent. stock of 1813, $19,000,000,
and that the ordinary revenues of the year will not be Mr. J. G. Reinhold to Mr. Everett.
adequate to the reimbursement of more than $7,000,000, Sır: I have taken care to communicate without de- leaving an excess of $12,000,000 to be provided for. lay to the Departmeat of Public Industry, the note which The whole amount of the public debt, including the you did me the honor to address to me on the 20th of loan of $5,000,000, at 4 per cent. authorized by the act this month, on the subject of the law of the 7th January, of the 26th of May last, is found to be $88,545,003 38. by which the Government of the United States has re. Of this sum, $2,500,000 of the last mentionell loan not newed the principal dispositions in favor of the com. having been actually paid to the United States, could