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H. of R.]

Suppression of Piracy.

[MARCH 3, 1825.

to all of you, gentlemen, in the utmost sincerity of heart, public interests and the liberty of our beloved country the high sense of gratitude which I feel for the many will be safely guarded hereafter, as they have been here. acts of kindvess and of favor that you have bestowed ontofore, by enlightened patriotism. me: they have been such as can never be effaced from Gentlemen : In returning to your respective families my memory, and they will ever be to me a source of and constituents, I beg all of you, without exception, to proud and of grateful recollections. Accept, I pray you, carry with you my fervent prayers for the continuation individually, as well as collectively, an affectionate fare of your lives, your health, and your bappiness.” will, and my best wishes for your health, happiness, and Mr. NEWTON offered the following resolution, which prosperity.

lies on the table :

“ Whereas the encouragement of Agriculture and HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES-SAME DAY. Manufactures has ever been considered the best means

of developing the resources of a nation, and of giving Mr. FORSYTH laid upon the table the following re- to its navigation and commerce support, extension, acsolution :

tivity, and duration : and whereas opening roads, and " Resolved, That while this House anxiously desires connecting, by canals, lakes, bays, and rivers, for pur. that the Slave Trade should be universally denounced poses of intercourse and trade, have also been objects of as Piracy, and, as such, should be detected and punish- primary importance to every enlightened government; ed under the law of nations, it considers that it would be and whereas the United States, when the fertility of their bighly inexpedient to enter into engagements with any soil, the variety of their climates the diversity of their foreign power by which all the merchant vessels of the productions, and the extent of their waters and waterUnited States would be exposed to the inconveniences courses, are taken into view, will derive the greatest ad. of any regulation of search from which any merchant vantages from a system judiciously formed, and carried vesseis of that foreign Power would be exempted.” into execution, with respect to Internal Improvements; The resolution lies on the table.

and whereas nothing can tend to generate and perpetulMr. FORSYTH also offered the following:

ate the affection of the citizens for their country so Resolved, that the purchase of lands from the In- much as the attention of the Government thereof to dians occupying it in the state of Georgia, is a peaceable whatever relates to their different interests, all which . extinguishieni of their title ; and that a purchase should receiving, respectively, their portion of the solicitude be made, if it can be effected on reasonable terms, al- and care of the Government, and flourishing under its though the reside of the tribes to which the said Indians operation, will increase the strength of this Union, give may be attached should not join in the contract." to it stability and security, and, by diffusing knowledge,

This resolution, also, was, on motion of the mover, or. remove prejudices as to subjects, the importance of dered to lie on the table.

which, to be politically and rightly understood, should On motion of Mr. MARKLEY, of Penn. it was be fully understood: (herefore

Resolved, that the thanks of this House be present. “ Resolved, That a Department, to be denominated ed to the Hon. Herrr Clay, for the able, impartial, and the Home Department, should be established, for the dignified manner in which he has presided over its de- purpose of superintending whatever may relate to the liberations, and performed the arduous and unpleasant interests of Agriculture and Manufactures, the pronio duties of the chair, during the present session of Con. tion of the progress of Science and the Arts, the inter gress."

course and trade beiween the several states by Roads A few minutes after this vote, Mr. CLAY, the Speak- and Canals, and all other subjects and matters apper er, having resumed the Chair, addressed the House as laining to the cognizance of such Department." follows:

Mr. FLOYD required the question of consideration OD “GENTLEMEN : For the honorable testimony which the resolution, with a view to stamp it at once with the you have been pleased this day to expre&to my official disapprobation of the House. conduct in this highly clistinguished station, I pray you The question being taken on considering this resolve to accept my profound acknowledgments. Near four- it was decided in the negative. teen years, with but two comparatively short intervals, Mr. TUCKER, of Va. called for the consideration of the arduous duties of the Chair have been assigned to the resolve yesterday submitted by him, looking to the me. In that long period, of peace and of war, causes Colonization of the free people of color beyond the from without and within, of great public excitement, Rocky Mountains ; which motion the House refused now have occasionally divided our counci!s, disturbed our to consider. harmony, and threatened our safety. Happily, however, Mr. WEBSTER said, that, as the attention of the past dangers, which appeared to encompass us, were House seemed not occupied for the moment, he would dispelled, as I anxiously hope those of the present will take the opportunity of making a remark on a subject, be, in a spirit of mutual forbearance, moderation, and in relation to which he had, at the last session, created wisdom. "The debates in this House, to which those some expectation in the House, and perhaps in the calises gave rise, were sometimes ardent and animated ; country: he meant the question of a general bankrupt but, amidst all the beats and agitations produced by our law. His relation to the House, as a member of the temporary divisions, it has been my happy fortune to ex. Committee on the Judiciary, had occasioned sundry reperience, in an unexampled degree, the kindness, the solutions upon that subject, and divers petitions to be. confidence, and the affectionate attachment of the mem- brought to his attention. It would be remembered, ders of the House. Of the numerous decisions which 1 that a majority of the Committee at the last session had have been called upon to pronounce from this place, on reported against the expediency of a general system of questions often suddenly started, and of much difficulty, bankruptcy. Differing from the Committee in that opin. it has so happened, from the generous support given me, ion, he had signified an intention of obtaining, if he might, that not one of them has ever been reversed by the an expression of the opinion of the House upon it, so House. I advert to this fact, not in a vain spirit of ex. soon as a matter intimately connected with the question ultation, but as furnishing a powerful motive for undis- then pending, and still pending, before the Supreme sembled gratitude.

Court, should be decided. It was well known that tbe In retiring, perhaps for ever, from a situation with State insolvent laws, so far as they applied to contracts which so large a portion of my life has been associated, entered into before the enactment of those laws, had I shall continually revert, during the remainder of it, been declared inoperative upon those contracts. The with unceasing respect and gratitude, to this great thea- more general question remained to be decided, viz : tre of our public action, and with the firm belief that the Whether such laws can constitutionally impair the vali.

MAR. 3, 1825.]

National Bankrupt Law.

[H. of R.

dity of any contracts, whether precedent or subsequent. would remove the necessity of establishing a general When he called the attention of the House to this sub- system, Ile remained fully of opinion that, in a coun. ject at the close of the last session, it was expected that try so commercial, with so many states, baving almost an earlier day would be fixed for the assembling of the every degree and every kind of connexion and interCourt this year; and that, in consequence of such ar- course among their citizens, true policy and just views rangement, the decision of this question might be had in of public utility required that so important a branch of season for the House to act on the subject with a full commercial regulation as bankruptcy, ought to be uniknowledge of what the exigency required at the present form throughout all the states; and, of course, that it session. That arrangement, however, was not carried ought to be established under the authority of this Gointo effect. The bill to execute it passed this House, vernment. For his part, entertaining this opiniori, he but did not get through the Senate, and up to this mo- should be disposed to give an earnest attention to the ment, he had not learned that that tribunal bad pro- measure, and devote any portion of time and labor to its nounced its judgment in the case. He thought that de preparation, whenever it should appear to be the senticision would naturally be thought important to enlight. ment of the House that it ought to be adopted. en useful and practical legislation; although, for one, Soon after this, the House adjourned sine die. he was not of opinion that its decision, either way,


[We have thus arrived at the close of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress; of the Debates and principal incidents of which we have furnished an account as ample as our materials would allow, and faithful as far as it goes, with the allowance for accidental error which is due to all human efforts. As, in drawing to its close, the Session will appear to have been barren of interest, when it would naturally be supposed to be most fruitful of incident, it is necessary to explain, that very little debate usually takes place within the last ten days of a Session, the time of both houses being employed in perfecting business already matured by the committees, &c. principally upon private bills, which seldom elicit more than a passing remark from the chairman of the committee which reported each bill, and sometimes not even that. We have known, in the last week of the Session, as many as forty bills pass in one day; but, as they pass without debate, and without any incident worthy of record, those proceedings find no place in this volume, the object of which is not to journalize the proceedings of Congress, but rather to embody the spirit of those legislative measures and occurrences of each year which form so important a part of the history of the Government.

be necessary further to add, to account for the scantiness of the matter of the three last days of the Session, during two of which, at least, Congress are known to sit long and late, that a joint rule of the two Houses forbids any act from being received from either House during the three last days, thus confining the proceedings in each House, on those days, to such acts as have already been discussed and passed in the other House, leaving to each House, respectively, little to do but to adopt or reject what has been proposed to it by the other. On the last day of the Session, it is ordered that no bill shall pass either House

-a regulation intended to allow the President a reasonable time, before the adjournment, to give bis assent or dissent, with deliberation, to the bills presented to him for bis signature. Such as wish to know whether any particular measure debated during the Session became a Jaw, and those also who desire to know what laws passed without debate, will be gratified, as already intimated in the Preface, by turning to the complete publication of the Laws of the Session, which will be found at the close of the volume...EDITORS.]

It may




List of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States.

PENNSYLVANIA-James Allison, Samuel Breck

John Brown, James Buchanan, Samuel Edwards, William MAINE-John Chandler, John Holmes.

Cox Ellis, Patrick Farrelly, John Findlay, Walter ForNEW HAMPSHIRE-Samuel Bell, John F. Parrott. ward, Robert Harris, Joseph Hemphill, Samuel D. IngMASSACHUSETTS— James Lloyd, Elijah Huut Mills. ham, George Kremer, Samuel M'Kean, Philip S. Mark.

CONNECTICUT—Henry W. Edwards, James Lan-ley, Daniel H. Miller, James S. Mitchell, Thomas Patterman.

son, George Plumer, George Wolfe, Andrew Stewart, RHODE ISLAND-James D'Wolf, Nehemiah R. Alexander Thompson, Daniel Udree, Isaac Wayne, Knight.

James Wilson, Henry Wilson --26 VERMONT-William A. Palmer, Horatio Seymour.

DELAWARE-Louis M'Lane. NEW YORK-Rufus King, Martin Van Buren.

MARYLAND-William Hayward, Jr. Joseph Kent, NEW JERSEY–Mablon Dickerson, James M'Ilvaine. John Lee, Peter Little, Isaac M‘Kim, George E. Mit. PENNSYLVANIA-Walter Lowrie, William Findlay. chell, Raphael Neale, John S. Spence, Henry R. WarDELAWARE-Nicholas Van Dyke, Thomas Clayton. field.-9 MARYLAND-Edward Lloyd, Samuel Smith.

VIRGINIA - Mark Alexander, William S. Archer, VIRGINIA- James Barbour, Littletou W. Tazewell. Philip P. Barbour, John S. Barbour, Burwell Bassett, NORTH CAROLINA-Nathaniel Macon, John Branch. John Floyd, Robert S. Garnett, Joseph Johnson, Jabez SOUTH CAROLINA- John Gaillard, Rob't ¥. Hayne. Leftwich, William M'Coy, Charles F. Mercer, Thomas GEORGIA--John Elliott, Thomas W. Cobb

Newton, John Randolph, William C. Rives, Arthur KENTUCKY-Richard M. Johnson, Isham Talbot. Smith, William Smith. Alexander Smyth, Andrew Ste. TENNESSEE-Andrew Jackson, John Henry Eaton. venson, James Stephenson, George Tucker, John Talia. OHIO-Benjamin Ruggles, Ethan A. Brown.

ferro, Jared Williams.-22 LOUISIANA- JosiahS.Johnston, DominiqueBouligny.

NORTH CAROLINA Henry Conner, John CulpeINDIANA- James Noble, Waller Taylor.

per, Weldon N. Edwards, Alfred M. Gatlin, Thomas H. MISSISSIPPI- Thomas H. Williams, David Holmes. Hall, Charles Hooks, John Long, Willie P. Mangum, RoILLINOIS- Jesse B. Thomas, John Mcl.ean.

mulus M. Saunders, Richard D. Spaight, Robert B. ALABAMA-William R. King, William Kelly. Vance, Lewis Williams.-12. One vacant. MISSOURI-David Barton, Thomas H. Benton.

SOUTH CAROLINA-Robert Campbell, John Car.

ter, Joseph Gist, Andrew R. Govan, James Hamilton, Jr. House of Representatives.

George M'Duffie, Joel R. Poinsett, Starling Tucker,

John Wilson.-9 MAINE-William Burleigh, Joshua Cushman, Ebe

GEORGIA- Joel Abbot, George Cary, Alfred Cuthpezer Herrick, David Kidder, Enoch Lincoln, Stephen bert, John Forsyth, Edward F. Tattnall, Wiley ThompLongfellow, Jeremiah O'Brien.-7.

son.-6. One vacant. NEW HAMPSHIRE-Ichabod Bartlett, Matthew Har

KENTUCKY-Henry Clay, (Speaker) Richard A. vey, Arthur Livermore, Aaron Matson, Wm. Plumer, Jr. Buckner, Robert P. Henry, Francis Johnson, John T. Thomas Whipple, Jr.-6

Johnson, Robert Letcher, Thomas Metcalfe, Thomas P. MASSACHUSETTS-Samuel C. Allen, John Bailey, Moore, Philip Thompson, David Trimble, David White, Francis Baylies, Benjamin w Crowninshield, Henry W. Charles A. Wickliffe.-12 Dwight, Timothy Fuller, Aaron Hobart, Samuel Lathrop,

TENNESSEE- Adam R. Alexander, Robert Allen, John Locke, Jeremiah Nelson, John Reed, Jonas Sibley, John Blair, John Cocke, Samuel Houston, Jacob c. Daniel Webster.-13

Isaacks, James B. Reynolds, James T. Sandford, James RHODE ISLAND--Job Durfee, Samuel Eddy.--2

Standefer.-9 CONNECTICUT-Noyes Barber, Samuel A. Foot,

OHO - Mordecai Bartley, Philemon Beecher, John Ansel Sterling, Ebenezer Stoddard, Gideon Tomlinson, W. Campbell, James W. Gazlay, Duncan M'Arthur, Samuel Whitman-6

William M'Lean, John Patterson, Thomas R. Ross, John VERMONT-William C. Bradley, Daniel A. A. Buck, Sloane, Joseph Vance, Samuel F. Vinton, Elisha WhitSamuel C. Crafts, Rollin C. Mallary, Henry Olin.-5

tlesey, William Wilson, John C Wright. - 14. NEW YORK-John W. Cady, Churchill C. Cambre

LOUISIANA-William L. Brent, Henry H. Gurley, leng, Lot Clark, Ela Collins, Hector Craig, Rowland

Edward Livingston.-3 Day, Justin Dwinell, Lewis Eaton, Charles A. Foote, Jo- MISSISSIPPI-Christopher Rankin.-1 el Frost, Moses Hayden, John Herkimer, James L. Hoge.

INDIANA-Jacob Call, Jonathan Jennings, John boom, Lemuel Jenkins, Samuel Lawrence, Elisha Litch-Test.-3 field, Dudley Marvin, Henry C. Martindale, John J. Mor.

ILLINOIS-Daniel P. Cook.-1 gan, John Richards, Robert R. Rose, Peter Sharpe, Hen

ALABAMA- John McKee, Gabriel Moore, George ry R. S:orrs, James Strong, John W. Taylor, Egbert W. Owen.-3 Ten Eyck, Albert H. Tracy, Jacob Tyson, William Van

MISSOURI- John Scott.-1 Wyck, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Isaac Williams, Parme

Delegates. pio Adams, Silas Wood, William Woods.-34

NEW JERSEY-George Cassedy, Lewis Condict, Da- MICHIGAN TERRITORY-Gabriel Richard. niel Garrison, George Holcombe, James Matlack, Sa- ARKANSAS TERRITORY-Henry W. Conway. muel Swan.-6

FLORIDA TERRITORY-Richard K. Call. NOTE-Whatever changes, if any, take place during the Session, will be found noted on the last page

of the Appendix

Vol. I-A


Message of the President, nt the opening of the Session. [Sen. and H. of R. MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT, reciprocity; to settle with each, in a spirit of candor and

liberality, all existing differences, and to anticipate and TO BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS,

remove, so far as it might be practicable, all causes of

future variance. At the commencement of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress.

It having been stipulated by the seventh arti le of the

convention of navigation and commerce, which was conDECEMBER 7, 1824.

cluded on the twenty-fourth of June, one thousand eight

hundred and twenty-two, between the United States and Fellow-Citizens of the Senate,

France, that the said convention should continue in force and of the House of Representatives:

for two years, from the first of October of that year, and THE view which I have now to present to you, should declare its intention to renounce it, in which event

for an indefinite term afterwards, unless one of the parties of our affairs, Foreign and Domestic, realizes the it should cease to operate at the end of six months from most sanguine anticipations which have been en-such declaration; and no such intention having been antertained of the public prosperity. If we look to nounced, the convention having been found advantagethe whole, our growth, as a Nation, continues to ous to both parties, it has since remained, and still re

At the time when that convention was be rapid, beyond example; if to the States which mains, in force. compose it, the same gratifying spectacle is exhi- concluded, many interesting subjects were left unsettled,

and particularly our claim to indemnity for spoliations bited. Our expansion over the vast territory which were committed on our commerce in the late within our limits, has been great, without indicating any wars. For these interests and claims, it was in the con. decline in those sections from which the emigration templation of the parties, to make provision at a subse. has been most conspicuous. We have daily gained quent day, by a more comprehensive and definitive treastrength by a native population in every quarter-a po. ty. The object has been duly attended to since by the pulation devoted to our happy system of Government, Executive; but, as yet, it has not been accomplished. It and cherishing the bond of union with fraternal affec. is hoped that a favorable opportunity will present itself tion. Experience has already shewn, that the differ for opening a negotiation, which may embrace and ar. ence of climate, and of industry, proceeding from that range all existing differences, and every other concern in cause, inseparable from such vast domains, and which, which they have a common interest, upon the accession under other systems, might have a repulsive tendency, of the present king of France, an event which has occurcannct fail to produce, with us, under wise regulations, reil since the close of the last session of Congress. the opposite effect. . What one portion wants, the other

With Great Britain our commercial intercourse rests may supply, and this will he most sensibly felt by the on the same footing that it did at the last session, By the parts most distant from each other, forming, thereby, a convention of one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, domestic market, and an active intercourse between the the commerce between the United States and the British extremes and throughout every portion of our Union, dominions in Europe and the East Indies, was arranged Thus, by a happy distribution of power between the National and State Governments, governments which firmed and continued in force, with slight exceptions, by

on a principle of reciprocity. This convention was con; rest exclusively on the sovereignty of the People, and a subsequent treaty, for the term of ten years, from the are fully adequate to the great purposes for which they twentieth of October, ona thousand eignt hundred and were respectively instituted, causes which might other. eighteen, the date of the latter. The trade with the wise lead to dismemberment, operate powerfully to British colonies in the West Indies, has not, as yet, been draw us closer together. In every other circumstance, arranged by treaty, or otherwise, to our satisfaction. An a correct view of the actual state of our Union must be .cqually gratifying to our constitrients. Our relations approach to that result has been made by legislative acis, with foreign powers are of a friendly character, although raised by the parties in defence of their respective claims,

whereby many serious impediments, which had been certain interesting differences remain 'unsettled with were removed. An earnest desire exists, and has been

Our revenue, under the mild system of impost manifested on the part of this Government, to place the and tonnage, contimies to be adequate to all the pair-commerce with the colonies, likewise, on a footing of re. poses of the Government. Our agriculture, commerce, ciprocal advantage; and it is hoped that the British Gomanufactures, and navigation, flourish. O'ir fortifications are advancing in the degree authorized by existing ap- portance to the colonies, will, ere long, accede to it.

vernment, seeing the justice of the proposal, and its impropriations, to maturity, and due progress is made in the augmentation of the navy, to the limit prescribed for

The Commissioners who were appointed for the adit by law. For these blessings, we owe to Almighty God, justment of the boundary, between the territories of the froin whom we derive them, and with profound reve United States and those of Great Britain, specified in repre, our most grateful and unceasing acknowledg- the fifth article of the Treaty of Ghent, having disagreed ments.

in their decision, and both governinents having agreed In adverting to our relations with foreign powers, to establish that bounciary by amicable negotiation be. which are always an object of the highest importance, I

tween them, it is hoped that it may be satisfactorily adhave to remark, that, of the subjects which bave been justed in that mode. The boundary specified by the brought into discussion with them during the present sixth article has been established by the decision of the administration, some have been satisfactorily terminates; commissioners. From the progress made in that provilothers have been suspended, to be resumed hereafter, ed for by the seventh, according to a report recently re. under circumstances' more favorable to sucess and ceived, there is good cause to presume that it will be setothers are still in negotiation, with the hope that they tled in the course of the ensuing year. may be adjusted, with mutual accomodation to the in. It is a cause of serious regret that no arrangement has terests, and to the satisfaction, of the respective parties. yet been finally concluded between the two goverIt has been the invariable object of this. Government, to ments, to secure, by joint co-operation, the suppression cherish the most friendly relations with every power, of the slave trade. It was the object of the Bitish goand on principles and conditions which might make them vernment, in the early stages of the negotiation, to adopt permanent. A systematic effort has been made to place a plan for the suppression, which shouli include the conour commerce with each power on a footing of perfect Icession of the mutual right of search by the ships of war


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