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step to step, in these pages, each measure of which mention is made in the course of the Debates, &c.—but, by recurring to the Laws of the Session, at the end of the volume, he will be able to ascertain the final disposition of any particular measure, every measure not embraced in the body of the Laws having failed, by positive rejection, or, what is equivalent to a rejection, by not being finally acted upon during the Session. Nor will the curious or methodocal reader of this work discover a regular account of the adjournments or recesses of the two Houses. He will find, on some days, no account of Proceedings in either House ; on others, an account of Proceedings in one House and not in the other. These apparent omissions will be explained, in part, by adverting to the fact, that, besides the Sabbath, Saturday is almost uniformly a day of rest for Congress, and occasionally Friday also; and when the Proceed. ings of any day are not of general interest, they are not preserved. Wherever, in short, the reader finds no Proceedings recorded on any given day, or Proceedings in one House only, he will understand, either that neither House sat on that day, that no important proceedings took place in either House, or that the Proceedings of one House only were of general interest.
With these brief explanations, the Editors submit the Register to the Public, claiming their indulgence for any errors of omission or commission which may be discovered in it, and pledging themselves that with every year there shall be found a progressive improvement in the execution, if not in the plan, of the work.
18th CONGRESS, ?
ed Session. S
First Proceedings in Congress.
[Dec. 6-8, 1824.
IN SENATE-MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1824.
IN SENATE-WEDNESDAY, DECEM DER 8. This being the day fixed for the opening of the Second! Mr. BARBOUR, from the Joint Committee appointed Session of the Eighteenth Congress, Mr. GAILLARD, 1 to consider and report what respectful mode it may be president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice Presi- proper for Congress to adopt to receive General Lafardent, took the chair; and the roll being called over, it ap. ETTE, made the following report : peared that a quorum of members was present, and a com “The Joint Committee propose that each House adopt mittee was appointed, jointly, with such committee as its own manner of receiving General LAFAYETTE, the House of Representatives might appoint, 10 wait on
“ The Committee on the part of the Senate recomthe President of the United States, and inform him that mend that the President of the Senate invite General the two Houses were assembled, and ready to receive LAFAYETTE to take a seat, such as he shall designate, in any communication he might have to make, &c.
the Senate Chamber: that the Committee deliver the
invitation to the General, and introduce him into the SeHOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-SAME DAT. nate, and the members receive the General standing." At 12 o'clock this day, the SPEAKER, (Hon. HENRY
In delivering this report, Mr. BARBOUR stated that CLAY, of Kentucky,) took the chair; and the roll being
the Joint Committee, entertaining every wish to make called, one hundred and eighty members answered to
the reception of General LAFAYETTE as complimentary their names; and a committee was appointed on the part
as possible, yet found difficulties in the way of any ar of this House to join with such committee as should be
rangement for a joint proceeding, which were not easily appointed on the part of the Senate, to wait on the Pre
removeable; and it was therefore thought by the comsident of the United States, and inform him that a quo.
mittee, best for each House to adopt its own arrangerum of both Houses is assembled, and ready to receive
ments, and its own form, in the reception of that distinany communication he may have to make to them.
guished individual. Mr. MITCHELL, of Maryland, offered the following
It was resolved, unanimously, That the Senate do con. resolution:
cur in the report. * Resolved, that the Honorable the Speaker invite our distinguished guest and benefactor, Gen. LAFAYETTE,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-SAME DAY. to a seat within the Hall of this House, and that be (li. On motion of Mr. TAYLOR, of New York, the House rect the manner of his reception."
resolved itself into a committee of the whole on the This resolution gave rise to some conversation as to state of the Union, Mr. P. P. BARBOUR, of Virginia, what would be the most proper mode of expressing the in the chair, and distributed, by a number of distinct rerespect felt by this House towards the illustrious indi-solutionis, the various parts of the President's Message vidual referred to, wbich resulted in the adoption of the to the proper committees. following resolution, which was proposed by Mr. A. STE- The several select committees, established by these Tenson, as a substitute for the other:
resolves, were ordered to consist of seven members " Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the each, with the exception of that in relation to a provision part of this House, to join such committee as may be for General LAFAYETTE, which was ordered to consist of appointed on the part of the Senate, to consider and re
thirteen. port what respectful mode it may be proper for Con. Mr. MITCHELL, from the Joint Committee appointed gress to adopt to receive General LAFAYETTE, and to to determine in what manner Gen. LAFAYETTE shall be testify the very high gratification which he has afforded
afforded received by the two Houses of Congress, asked and obit by his present visit to the United States, made in pur- l tained leave to report, and presented the following: suance of the invitation given to him by Congress, dur
“ The committee appointed on the part of this House, ing its last session."
to join such committee as might be appointed on the The committee was appointed, to consist, on the part
part of the Senate, to consider and report what respectof the House, of thirteen members.
ful mode it may be proper for Congress to adopt to reIN SENATE-TULSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1824.
ceive General LAFAYETTE, and to testify the very high
gratification which he has afforded by his present visit On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, the Senate concurred
to the United States, made in pursuance of the invitation in the resolution from the other House, respecting the given to him by Congress, during its last session, report: reception of General LAFAYETTE.
" That they have met a committee of the Senate on A written message was received from the President |
that subject, and that the committees have agreed to reof the United States, by Mr. EVERETT, (which will be
commend to their respective Houses that each · House found in the appendix.)
receive General LAFAYETTE in such manner as it shall The message was read, and,
deem most suitable to the occasion, and the committee On motion of Mr. LLOYD, of Massachusetts, it was
| recommend to the House the following resolutions: Ordered. That three thousand copies thereof be print. « Resolved. That the congratulations of this Horse be ed for the use of the Senate.
publicly given to General LAFAYETTE on his arrival in the On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, it was
United States, in compliance with the wishes of ConOrdered. That fifteen hundred copies of the docu.
gress, and that he be assured of the gratitude and deep ments accompanying said Message be printed for the
respect which the House entertains for his signal and iluse of the Senate.
lustrious services in the Revolution, and the pleasure it
feels in being able to welcome him, after an absence of HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-SAME DAY.
so many years, to the theatre of his early labors and ear. A Message was received from the President of the ly renown. Cnited States, by Mr. EVERETT, and read at the Clerk's • Resolved, That, for this purpose, Gen. LAFAYETTE table. (See Appendix.)
be invited by a committee to attend the House on FriOn motion of Mr. TAYLOR, the Message, with the ac- day next, at one o'clock; that he be introduced by the companying Documents, were referred to a committee committee, and received by the members standing, unof the whole on the state of the Union, and 6,000 copies covered, and addressed by the speaker, in bebalf of tire were ordered to be printed.
House, in pursuance of the foregoing resolution."
The resolutions were adopted unanimously, and so der which you have placed our country. But the relaentered on record. The Committee of Invitation was tions in which you have ever stood to the United States, appointed, to consist of 24 members, on suggestion of interesting and important as they have been, do not conMr. STEVENSON.
stitute the only motive of the respect and admiration
wbish this House entertains for you. Your consistency IN SENATE—THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1824. " of character, your uniform devotion to regulated liberty, Mr. BARBOUR, from the committee appointed to in all the vicissituries of a long and arduous life, also com: perform that dutv, reported that they had waited on
mand its highest admiration. During all the recent General LAFAYETTE, with the invitation of the Senate,
convulsions of Europe, amidst, as after, the dispersion of and that he had informed them he would wait on the
every political storm, the people of the United States Senate this day at one o'clock.
bave ever beheld you true to your old principles, firm At one oool General Liri
e ntered the land erect, cheering and animating with your well-known Chamber of the Senate, accompanied by the Committee voice, the votaries of Liberty, its faithful and fearless of that body. On entering the bar. Mr. BARBOUR champion, ready to shed the last drop of that blood chairman of the committee, announced the presence of which, here, you so freely and nobly spilt in the same the General, in the following words: “We introduce
holy cause. General LAFAYETTE to the Senate of the United States;"
• The vain wish has been sometimes indulged, that whereapon, the President of the Senate and the Sena
Providence would allow the Patriot, after death, to retors rose from their seats, and the General, advancing
turn to bis country, and to contemplate the intermediate towards the Chair of the Senate, was invited by the Pre
changes which had taken place to view the forests sident to take a seat, prepared for him on the right of
felled, the cities built, the mountains levelled, the canals the Chair. .
cut, the highways constructed, the progress of the arts, Soon after the General was scated,
the advancement of learning, and the increase of populaMr. BARBOUR moved that the Senate adjourn.
tion. General, your present visit to the United States is Mr. LLOYD, of Mass. concurred in the wish for the
the realization of the consoling object of that wish. · Senate to adjourn, to afford the members an opportunity
You are in the midst of posterity! Every where you of paying their individual respects to Gen. LAFAYETTE,
must have been struck with the great changes, physical The Senate then adiourned, and the Senators, indiyin and moral, which have occurred since you left us. Even dually, beginning with the President of the Senate, ten
this very city, bearing a venerated name, alike endeardered him their respects, which were cordially and feel
|ed to you and to us, has since emerged from the forest ingly reciprocated.
which then covered its site, In one respect, you behold
us unaltered, and that is in the sentiment of continued HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-Dec, 10, 1824.
devotion to liberty, and of ardent affection and profound Mr: CONVICT, of New Jersey, moved that a messen-I try, and to your illustrious associates in the fi ld and in
gratitude to your departed friend, the Father of his Counger be sent to the Senate of the United States, inviting the Cabinet, for the multiplied blessings which surround that body to attend in the Chamber of Representatives,
us, and for the very privilege of addressing you, which at one o'clock, to day, on the reception of General La.
I now exercise. This sentiment, now fondly cherished FAYETTE.
by more than ten millions of people, will be transmitted, It was objected to the adoption of this motion, that
his motion, that with unabated vigor, down the tide of time, through the the Senate had, yesterday, adjourned over to Monday. countless millions who are destined to inhabit this con. The question, however, was taken, and the motion pass- I tinent, to their latest posterity.” ed in the affirmative-ayes 90, noes 69,
To which address, General LAFAYETTE replied, in Seats were accordingly ordered for the members of la tone in which energy of character and sensibility of the Senate, who shortly after entered, and took the feeling were most interestingly blended, to the following places assigned them.
effect: At one o'clock, according to previous arrangement, General LAFAYETTE appeared, attended by the Commit.
“Mr. Speaker, and tee of twenty-four members of the flouse of Represen. Gentlemen of the House of Representatives: ' ' ; tatives, and was introduced to the House by Mr. MIT- "While the People of the United States and their hoCHELL, chairman of the committee
norable Representatives in Congress have deigned to On the General's entry, the members and persons ad- make choice of me, one of the American veterans, to sigmitted on the floor of the House, rose, and remained nify in his person their esteem for our joint services, and standing, uncovered.
their attachment to the principles for which we have bad Mr. SPEAKER then rose, and, in behalf of the House, the honor to fight and bleed, 'I am proud and happy to addressed the Nation's Guest, in the following eloquent share those extraordinary favors with my dear Revolustrain, adorned by those graces of oratory for which he Lionary companions. Yet, it would be, on my part, unis distinguished:
candid and ungrateful not to acknowledge my personal “ GENERAL: The House of Representatives of the share in those testimonies of kindness, as they excite in United States, impelled alike by its own feelings, and my breast emotions wiich no adequate words could exby those of the whole American People, could not have press. assigned to me a more gratifying duty than that of being “My obligations to the United States, sir, far exceed its organ to present to you cordial congratulations upon any merit I might claim. They date from the time when the occasion of your recent arrival in the United States, I bave had the happiness to be adopted as a young sol. in complia:) < with the wishes of Congress, and to assure dier, a favored son of America. They have been conyou of the very high satisfaction which your presence tinued to me during almost half a century of constant af. affords on this early theatre of your glory and renown. fection and confidence; and now, sir, thanks to your Although but few of the members who compose this bo- most gratiiving invitation, I find myself greeteil by a sedy, shared with vou in the war of our Revolution, all ries of welcomes, one hour of which would more than have a knowledge, from impartial history, or from faith. compensate for the public exertions and sufferings of a ful tradition, of the perils, the sufferings, and the sacri. whole life. fices, which you voluntarily encountered, and the signal "The approbation of the American People, and their services in America and in Europe, which you perform. Representatives, for my conduct during the vicissitudes ed, for an infant, a distant, and an alien people, and all of the European Revolution, is the highest reward I feeland own the very great extent of the obligations un. I could receive. Well may I stand “firm and erect,"
wben, in their names, and by you, Mr. Speaker, I am the bill was then Passed nem. con. and sent to the cleclared to have, in every instance, been faithful to Senate for concurrence. those American principles of liberty, equality, and true. An engrossed bill, also of the last session, "authorizsocial order, the devotion to which, as it has been from ing repayment for land erroneously sold by the United my earliest youth, so it shall continue to be to my latest States," was read a third time, Passed, and sent to the breath.
Senate for concurrence. ** You have been pleased, Mr. Speaker, to allude to On proceeding to call over the roll of bills reported at the peculiar felicity of my situation, when, after so long the last session, and laid over an absence, I am called to witness the immense improve. Mr. FULLER, of Massachusetts, moved that the House inents, the admirable communications, the prodigious go into committee of the whole on that bill which procreations, of which we find an example in this City, I poses to authorize the building of ten additional sloops whose name itself is a venerated Palladium ; in a word, of war. The motion was negativel-ayes 72, noes 79. all the grandeur and prosperity of these happy United 'The llouse then went into coinmittee of ihe whole, States, which, at the same time they nobly secure the Mr. LATHROP in the Chair, on the bill more effectually complete assertion of American Independence, reflect to provide for the punishment of certain crimes against on every part of the world the light of a far superior po. the United States, and for other purposes. The bill litical civilization.
having been read in part, Mr. BARBOUR, expressing " What better pledge can be given of a persevering an opinion that its provisions were inadequate io cover national love of liberty, when those blessings were evi- all cases necessary to be provided for, and that it would dently the result of a virtuous resistance to oppression, probably require additional provisions, moved that the and of institutions founded on the rights of man and the committee rise and report progress. The committee Republican principle of self-government? No, Mr. rose accordingly, and had leave to sit again. Speaker, posterity has not begun for me-since, in the Sons of my companions and friends, I find the same pub.
IN SENATE-TUESDAY, Dec. 14, 1824. lic feelings, and permi: me to add, the same feelings in On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, my behalf, which I have had the happiness to experience Resolved, That so much of the President's message as in their fathers.
relates to Foreign Affairs, be referred to the Committee "Sir, I have been allowcl, forty years ago, before a on Foreign Relations. Committee of a Congress of thirteen States, to express (The motion of Mr. BARBOUR, it was understood, the fond wishes of an American heart. On this day I comprehended, besides others, that portion of the Meshave the honor, and enjoy the delight, to congratulate sage which relates to arrangements for the suppression the Representatives of the Union, so vastly enlarged, on of piracy and of pirates on tbe Island of Cuba, &c. as well the realization of those wishes, even beyond every hu. as on the water. The question of reference gave rise to man expectation, and upon the almost infinite prospects some conversation on the part of Mr. BARBOUR, Mr. we can with certainty anticipate.
HAYNE, and Mr. LLOYD, of Mass, which was interest. "Permit me, Mr. Speaker, and gentlemen of the ing, as it indicated a strong desire and determination in Uouse of Representatives, to join, to the expression of the Senate to leave no effort unemployed to effectually those sentiments, a tribute of iny lively gratitude, affec- protect our commerce from piracy in the West Indian tionate devotion, and profound respect.”
seas, and to extirpate the freebooters who now, by the After the GENERAL and the Members had resumed facilities of concealment afforded to them in the Island their seats, and a short pause occurred,
of Cuba, &c. prey on our commerce, and commit such Mr. MITCHELL, the organ of the Committee of re- atrocities on those who fall into their hands. In the ception, moved an adjournment.
course of the conversation, Mr. HAYNE and Mr. LLOYD The motion was agreed to, and the House was ad- both intimated an intention they bad respectively formjourned to Mondav.
ed, to bring the subject fully before the Senate, by speThe SPEAKER then descended from the Chair, and cial inquiries.) most affectionately saluted the General. His example, Mr. BENTON presented the petition of sundry inhawas followed by the Members of the House, individually, 1 bitants of the state of Missouri, on the subject of a trade and some time was spent in this agreeable manner be- and intercourse between that state and the internal Profore the GENERAL retired.
vinces of Mexico.
(This petition recited, that a beneficial trade had been HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES--Dec. 13, 1824. carried on for some years between the inhabitants of the
The engrossed bill (lying over from last session) “to two countries, in which domestic cottons and other autborize the state of Ohio to sell and convey certain articles had been carried out from the United States, tracts of land granted to said state for the use of the and gold, silver, furs, and mules, brought back in repeople thereof,” was read a third time.
turn; that the intervening tribes of Indians presented Mr. VINTON, of Obio, rose, and explained the object the only obstacle to the successful prosecution of the of this bill, and the considerations which recommended trade upon a large scale ; that the merchandise had to its passage. The grant of these lands, on account of the be carried through a !ract of country inhabited by differsalt springs upon then, to the state of Ohio, was subject ent tribes, to enter whose territory, without a licence. to the condition that the state should not sell them, nor was penal under the laws of the United States, and danlease them for a longer term than ten years. The ob- gerous, unless the consent of the tribes was previously ject of this reservation was, to prevent a monopoly of obtained ; that some outrages to persons, and repeateil this indispensable articld of subsistence. Since this depredations on property, had already been committed : grant, however, it had been ascertained that there was and that a total interruption to the commercial and soin the state an abundance of resources for the manufac. / cial intercourse, so happily began in that quarter beture of salt; and springs had been discovered and work tween the citizens of the two Republics, might be ap. ed, so superior in the quantity and quality of the salt, as prehended, unless the Government of the United States entirely to supersede the use of those on the reserved interposed for its protection. The petition, therefore, lands. These lands were, consequently, in their present prayed condition, of no value to the state, and the state, there. 1. That the right of an unmolested passage, for perfore, wished to be allowed to dispose of them. The sons and property, upon a designated route, between state alone was interested in this question, the United the frontiers of Missouri and the internal provinces of States having neither title to, nor interest in, these lands, Mexico, might be obtained by treaty stipulations from having ceded both to the state of Ohio. !
the Indianis referred to.
2. That a military post and an Indian agency might be sioners; in 1809, some of their head men were in Washestablished on the Arkansas river, at the point of the lington to make arrangements for going to the West, and intersection of that river by the proposed route.) hrad much intercourse with the government; in March,
The petition, upon the motion of Mr. BENTON, was 1816, two Treaties were concluded with them, by Mr. referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
George Graham, then Acting Secretary of War; in Sep.
tember, 1816, a Treaty was concluded with them by HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES-SAME DAY. Messrs. Jackson, Meriwether, and Franklin, CommisMr. WRIGHT, of Ohio, offered the following resolu.
sioners; in 1817, a Treaty was concluded with them at tion:
the Cherokee Agency, by General Jackson ; in 1819, Resolved. That the Committee on the Judiciary be in another by Mr. Caihoun, Secretary of War, at Washstructed to inquire into the propriety of providing, by
ington. In every one of these cases, Mr. F. said, Cololaw, that any judicial or other civil officer of the Govern
nel R. J. Meigs, well known to have been for many ment of the United States, who shall hereafier engage in
years agent of the United States in that nation, was either
That gentleman fighting a duel, or in challenging, assisting, or encou- commissioner or witness to the trealy. raging, any other person so to engage, shall forfeit the
died on the 28th January, 1823; and during his life this office by him so held, and be ever afterwards rendered treaty of 1804 was not ratified.. But, the winter sucincapable of holding the like or other office under the ceeding his death, in May, 1824, the 'ratification was Government.
claimed by the Cherokees, who came here for the purMr. TUCKER, of Virginin, called for the previous pose, and it was ratified.
pose, and it was ratified. This House was, at the last question of consideration, wbich was put, and the House
session, invited to make an appropriation for carrying it agreed to consider the resolution.
into effect, but at so late a period of the session, that it Mr. P’OINSETT, of South Carolira, then moved to
was not acted upon. As they would be doubtless ex. lav the resolution on the table; which motion was nera. pected to inake an appropriation to redeem the faith of rived, and the resolution was adopted without a division the United Siates, pledged by this treaty, it was proper, being called for, though not without a considerable ne
before voting away the sum of $20,000 for this purpose, gative vote.
the House should have information of the causes which bad for twenty years suspended the ratification of this
treaty, IN SENATE, WEDNESDAY, L'Ec. 15, 1824.
Mr. MALLARY, of Vermont, objected to a part of the The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. BROWN, to resolution, which proposes to inquire into "the moti ves appoint a Committee on Roads and Canals, was taken up. of the ratification of the treaty at the last session,” and
Mr. CHANDLER observed, that he was one of those moved to amend the resolve by striking out that part of who believed that this was a subject on which Congress it. He had no objection to every fact being obtained had no right to legislate; that he believed it to be un- wbich bad a bearing on the case-it was proper they constitutional, and that, for his part, he was determined should be called for- but he did not know that it would to raise his voice, and vote against the resolution. be relevant or perfectly decorous to ask of the Executive
Mr. RUGGLES said, it would be impossible to pro- an explanation of the motives for its conduct. ceed regularly without a committee on this subject; that Mr. FORSYTH, not feeling tenacious of the language it was the practice of the Senate, and a very necessary of the resolution, consented to receive the amendment one, to have such a committee.
as a part of his resolution; and, thus amended, Mr. NOBLE said he was sorry to find the gentleman The resolve was agreed to, nem. con. from Maine opposed to the appointment of a committee The SPEAKER laid before the House a communicaon this subject. He thought the gentleman's scruples tion from the Department of the Treasury, accompanied would have time enough to operate on his mind here- by a report from the First Comptruller of the Treasury, after. He adverted to the circumstance of the Presi' with enclosures on the subject of the collection of tondent's calling the attention of Congress to the subject of nage duties on Canal boats. internal improvements; and observed, in relation to the Mr. STORRS moved that these papers be referred to message, that, though he had not the greatest confidence the Committee on Commerce, with the following instrucin every part of it, yet he was very well satisfied with tions, viz. the opinion of the Executive on this important subject. “That the communication and accompanying papers He would vote for the resolution with an eye directed to be referred to the Committee on Commerce, with inthe promotion of the general prosperity of the country. Structions to inquire into the expediency of so ameniling . The question was put and carried-ayes 18.
the acts of Congress regulating the commerce of the
United States, and imposing duties on tonnage, that they HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES-SAME DAY.
shall not be construed to extend to boats employed ex. The resolution yesterday offered by Mr. FORSYTH, clusively in transportation on the interior canals of the calling for information relative to the treaty of 1804 with respective states." the Cherokee Indians, the causes for the delay in its ra | Mr. NEWTON, (Chairman of the Committee on Com. tification, &c. was taken up, and the question being on merce) suggested that it would be better to leave the agreeing thereto
committee at large, under the assurance that they would Mr. FORSYTH rose, and said, that, upon a call for in- do justice to all parties in the case referred to. formation of this description from the Executive, there Mr. STORRS explained that the object of his motion might be a propriety in stating the grounds of it. It was merely to present to the consideration of the coinwould be found, upon examination of the records of the mittee the experiency of the measure referred to. government, here referred to, that, since the date of the Mr. TRACY doubted whether, by adopting the lan
Treaty of 1804, with the Cherokees, which was ratified guage of the instruction, it would not be conceding too at the last session of Congress, there had been several much-inasmuch as he did not believe that the laws were treaties concluded and ratified with the same nation of susceptible of being so construed as to include the caIndians. Mr. F. enumerated those treaties as follows:- nal boats, which the instruction seemed to take for In 1805, two treaties were concluded with them, by D. granted. Smith and R. J. Meigs, Commissioners ; in January, 1806, Mr. STORRS said he had taken particular care so to another was concluded with them at Washington, by frame his motion as to avoid any such admission, as Gen. Dcarborn, then Secretary of War; in September, would be seen by referring to the expression “ the acts 1807, another treaty was concluded with them,elucidating shall not be construed to extend to boats,” &c. jhe preceding, by Mr. Robertşon and Mr. Meigs, Comnis.' The motion of Mr. STORRŞ was then agreed to.