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oil; broil it over a clear fire, turn it over on both sides, and also on the back. When sufficiently cooked, the flesh can be detached from the bone, which will be in about 15 minutes for a small mackerel. Chop a little parsley, work it up in the butter, with pepper and salt to taste, and a squeeze of lemon-juice, and put it in the back. Serve before the butter is quite melted, with a motive d'hotel sauce in a tureen.

Time.—Small mackerel 15 minutes.

Average cost, from id.

Seasonable from April to July.

The Mackerel.—This is not only one of the most elegantly-formed, but one of the most beautifully-coloured fishes, when taken out of the sea, that we have. Death, in some degree, impairs the vivid splendour of its colours; but it does not entirely obliterate them. It visits the shores of Great Britain in countless shoals, run about March, off the Land's End; in the bays of Devonshire, about April; off Brighton in the beginning of May; and on the coast of Suffolk about the beginning of June. In the Orkneys they are seen till August ; but the greatest fishery is on the west coasts of England.

To Choose Mackerel.—In choosing this fish, purchasers should, to a great extent, be regulated by the brightness of its appearance. If it have a transparent, silvery hue, the flesh is good; but if it be red about the head, it is stale.




282. Ingredients.—2 large mackerel, 1 oz. butter, 1 small bunch of chopped herbs, 3 tablespoonfuls of medium stock, No. 105, 3 tablespoonfuls of bechamel (see Sauces); salt, cayenne, and lemon-juice to taste.

Mode.—Clean the fish, and fillet it; scald the herbs, chop them fine, and put them with the butter and stock into a stewpan. Lay in the mackerel, and simmer very gently for 10 minutes j take them out, and put them on a hot dish. Dredge in a little flour, add the other ingredients, give one boil, and pour it over the mackerel.

Time.— 20 minutes. Average cost for this quantity, Is. 6d.

Seasonable from April to July.

Sufficient for 4 persons.

Note.—Fillets of mackerel may be covered with egg and bread crumbs, and

fried of a nice brown. Serve with maitre oVhCtel sauce and plain melted


The Veracity Of The Mackerel.—The voracity of this fish isvery great, and, from their immense numbers, they are bold in attacking objects of which they might, otherwise, be expected to have a wholesome dread. Pontoppidan relates an anecdote of a Sailor belonging to a ship lying in one of the harbours on the coast of Norway, who, having gone into the sea to bathe, was suddenly missed by his companions; in the course of a few minutes, however, he was seen on the surface, with great numbers of mackerel clinging to him by their mouths. His comrades hastened in a boat to his assistance; but when they had struck the fishes from him and got him up, they found he was so severely bitten, that he shortly afterwards expired.


283. Ingredients.—12 peppercorns, 2 bay-leaves, 4 pint of vinegar, 4 mackerel.

Mode.—Boil the mackerel as in the recipe No. 282, and lay them in a dish; take half the liquor they were boiled in; add as much vinegar, peppercorns, and bay-leaves; boil for 10 minutes, and when cold, pour over the fish.

Time.k hour. Average cost, Is. Gd.

Mackerel Ga Rum.—This brine, so greatly esteemed by the ancients, was manufactured from various kinds of fishes. When mackerel was employed, a few of them were placed in in small vase, with a large quantity of salt, which was well stirred, and then left to settle far some hours. On the following day, thiB e put into an earthen pot, which was uncovered, and placed in a situation to get the rays of the sun. At the end of two or three months, it was hermetically sealed, after having had added to it a quantity of old wine, equal to one third of the mixture.


984. Ingredients.—j lb. of salt to each gallon of water. Mode.—If the fish be very large, it should be laid in cold water, and gradually brought to a boil; if small, put it in boiling water,

salted in the above proportion. Serve
with anchovy sauce and plain melted

Time.—According to size, j to $ hour.
Average cost, Sd. per lb.
Seasonable from July to October.

The Grey Mullet.—This is quite a different

fish from the red mullet, is abundant on the

the Obey Mullet. sandy coasts of Great Britain, and ascends

rivers for miles. On the south coast it is Terr

plentiful, and is considered a fine fish. It improves more than any other salt-water fish

when kept in ponds.


285. Ingredients.—Oiled paper, thickening of butter and flour, 4 teaspoonful of anchovy sauce, 1 glass of sherry; cayenne and salt to taste.

Mode.—Clean the fish, take out the gills, but leave the inside, fold in oiled paper, and bake them gently. When done, take the liquor that flows from the fish, add a thickening of butter kneaded with flour; put in the other ingredients, and let it boil for 2 minutes. Serve the sauce in a tureen, and the fish, either with or without the paper cases.

Time.—About 25 minutes. Average cost, Is. each.

Seasonable at any time, but more plentiful in summer.

Note.—Red mullet may be broiled, and should be folded in oiled paper, tho


same as in the preceding recipe, and seasoned with pepper and salt. They may be served without sauce; but if any is required, use melted butter, Italian or anchovy sauce. They should never be plain boiled.

The Striped Red Mullet.—This fish was very highly esteemed by the ancients, especially by "the Romans, who gave the most extravagant prices for it. Those of 2 lbs. weight were valued at about £15 each; those of 4 lbs. at £60, and, in the reign of Tiberius, three of them were sold for £209. To witness the changing loveliness of their colour during their dying agonies, was one of the principal reasons that such a high price was paid for one of these fishes. It frequents our Cornish and Sussex coasts, and is THE aTMTM» *ED MULLET, in high request, the flesh being firm, white, and well flavoured.



286. Ingredients.—3 dozen oysters, 2 oz. butter, 1 tablespoonful of ketchup, a little chopped lemon-peel, £ teaspoonful of chopped parsley.

Mode.—Boil the oysters for 1 minute in their own liquor, and drain them; fry them with the butter, ketchup, lemon-peel, and parsley; lay them on a dish, and garnish with fried potatoes, toasted sippets, and parsley. This is a delicious delicacy, and is a favourite Italian dish.

Time.—5 minutes. Average cost for this quantity, Is. 9d

Seasonable from September to April.

Sufficient for 4 persons.

Thb Edible Otstbe.—This Bhell-fish is almost universally distributed near the shores of seas in all latitudes, and they especially abound on the coasts of France and Britain. The coast's most celebrated, in England, for them, are those of Essex and Suffolk. Here they are dredged up by means of B net with an iron scraper at the mouth, that is dragged by a rope from a boat over the beds. As soon as taken from their native beds, they are stored in pits, formed for the purpose, furnished with sluices, through which, at the spring tides, the water is suffered to flow. This water, being stagnant, soon becomes green in warm weather; and, in the few days afterwards, the oysters acquire the same tinge, which increases their value in the market. They do not, however, attain their perfection and become fit for sale till the end of six or eight weeks. Oysters are not considered proper for the table till they are about a year and a half old; so that the brood of one spring are not to be taken for sale, till, at least, the September twelvemonth afterwards.




287. Ingredients.—Oysters, say 1 pint, 1 oz. butter, flour, 2 tablespoonfuls of white stock, 2 tablespoonfuls of cream; pepper and salt to taste; bread crumbs, oiled butter.

Mode.—Scald the oysters in their own liquor, take them out, beard

- -ra

them, and strain the liquor free from grit. Put 1 oz. of butter into a stewpan; when melted, dredge in sufficient flour to dry it up; add the stock, cream, and strained liquor, and give one boil. Put in the oysters and seasoning; let them gradually heat through, but not boil. Have ready the scallop-shells buttered; lay in the oysters, and as mueh of the liquid as they will hold; cover them over with bread crumbs, over which drop a little oiled butter. Brown them in the oven, or before the fire, and serve quickly, and very hot.

Time.—Altogether, j hour.

Average cost for this quantity, 3*. Gd.

Sufficient for 5 or 6 persons.


Prepare the oysters as in the preceding recipe, and put them in a scallop-shell or saucer, and between each layer sprinkle over a few bread crumbs, pepper, salt, and grated nutmeg; place small pieces of butter over, and bake before the fire in a Dutch oven. Put sufficient bread crumbs on the top to make a smooth surface, as the oysters should not be seen.

Time.—About £ hour. Average cost, 3s. 2d.

Seasonable from September to April.


288. Ingredients.—1 pint of oysters, 1 oz. of butter, flour, J pint of cream; cayenne and salt to taste; 1 blade of pounded mace.

Mode.—Scald the oysters in their own liquor, take them out, beard them, and strain the liquor; put the butter into a stewpan, dredge in sufficient flour to dry it up, add the oyster-liquor and mace, and stir it over a sharp fire with a wooden spoon; when it comes to a boil, add the cream, oysters, and seasoning. Let all simmer for 1 or 2 minutes, but not longer, or the oysters would harden. Serve •on a hot dish, and garnish with croutons or toasted sippets of bread. A small piece of lemon-peel boiled with the oyster-liquor, and taken out before the cream is added, will be found an improvement.

Time.—Altogether 15 minutes. Average cost for this quantity, 3s. Gd.

Seasonable from September to April.

Sufficient for 6 persons.

The Oystee and The Scallop.—The oyster is described as ab*valve be having the valves generally unequal. The hinge is without teeth, but furnished with a somewhat oral cavity, and mostly with lateral transverse grooves. From a similarity in the structure of the hinge, oysters and scallops have been classified as one tribe; but they differ very essentially both in their external appearance and their habits. Oysters adhere to rocks, or, as in two or three species, to roots of trees on the shore; while the scallops are always detached, and usually lurk in the sand.




Arc the Best and (Quality considered) the Cheapest made.

Enlarged from 32 to 48 pages,





Mk. S. 0. Beetow, the projector and proprietor of the Boy's Own Maoaztnk, in asking the hearty co-operation of ft.ll hia friends to extend its circulation, avails himself of this opportunity, to mention a few of the papers which will appear in the first and following numbers of the Sixth Volume of the Boy's Own Magazine, commencing January, 1860.

This Fife And Drum Ox. Would Be A Soldier. By Captain Lascelle* Wraxall.

Doa Traits And Trainings.

Toe Marvels or the MicroScope.

The Adventures of A Cat
Through Heb Nine Lives.

Nature's Explorers; being
Biographies of the Discoverers
of her Wealth and wonders.

The ■ D own" Comm
and Ls;-.*t».




The Caravan; or, Six Tales
told in the desert.

Thk Mysteries Of Titr Crucible.
A Course of Illustrative Che-

The Vikings; their Sea Rovingi
and Doings.

Industry's Triumphs. A Record
of Troubles and Difficulties
endured and overcome in the
Paths of Art and Science.

Tales by F. 'ierwtacker, including
"the WsecK or The Pirate."

The Art Op Fence.

Rifles, And Rifle Shooting.

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All Illustrated. *

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