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ANCHOVY BTJTTEB Tooth paste.
227. Ingredients.—2 dozen anchovies, ilb. of fresh butter. Mode.—Wash the anchovies thoroughly; bone and dry them, and
pound them in a mortar to a paste. Mix the butter gradually with them, and rub the whole through a sieve. Put it by in small pots for use, and carefully exclude the air with a bladder, as it soon changes the colour of anchovies, besides spoiling them. Average cost for this quantity, 2s.
Potted Anchovies are made in the same way, by adding pounded mace, cayenne, and nutmeg to taste.
228. Ingredients.—Toast 2 or 3 slices of bread, or, if wanted very savoury, fry them in clarified butter, and spread on them the paste, No. 227. Made mustard, or a few grains of cayenne, may be added to the paste before laying it on the toast.
Anchovy Paste.—" When some delicate zest," says to work just issued on the adulterations of trade, "is required to make the plain English breakfast more palatable, many people are in the habit of indulging in what they imagine to be anchovies. These fish are preserved in a kind of pickling-bottle, carefully corked down, and surrounded by the red-looking liquor, resembling in appearance diluted clay. The price is moderate, one shilling only being demanded for the luxury. When these anchovies are what is termed potted, it implies that the fish have been pounded into the consistency of a paste, and then placed in fiat pots, somewhat similar in shape to those used for pomatum. This paste is usually eaten spread upon toast, and is said to form an excellent bonne bouche, which enables gentlemen at wine-parties to enjoy their port with redoubled gusto. Unfortunately, in six cases out of ten, the only portion of these preserved delicacies, that contains anything indicative of anchovies, is the paper label pasted on the bottle or pot, on which the word itself is printed. . . . All the samples of anchovy paste, analyzed by different medical men, have been found to be highly and vividly coloured with very large quantities of bole Armenian." The anchovy itself, when imported, is of a dark dead colour, and it is to make it a bright "handsome-looking sauce that this red earth is used.
229. Ingredients.—£ pint of port wine, a saltspoonful of salt, 2tablespoonfuls of vinegar, 2 sliced onions, a faggot of sweet herbs, nutmeg and mace to taste, the juice of a lemon, 2 anchovies; 1 or 2 barbels, according to size.
Mode.—Boil the barbels in salt and water till done; pour off some of the water, and, to the remainder, put the ingredients mentioned above. Simmer gently for 1 hour, or rather more, and strain. Put in the fish; heat it gradually; but do not let it boil, or it will be broken.
Time.—Altogether 1 hour. Sufficient for 4 persons. Seasonable from September to November.
The Barbel. —Thisfishtakes its name from the barbs or wattels at its mouth; and, in England, is esteemed as one of the worst of the fresh-water fish. It was, however, formerly, if not now, a favourite with the Jews, excellent cookers of fish. Others would boil with it a piece of bacon, that it might have a relish. It is to be met with from two to three or four feet long, and is said to live to a great age. From Putney upwards, in the Thames, some are found of large size; but they are valued only as affording sport to the brethren of the angle.
23°. Ingeedients— J lb. of salt to each gallon of water; a little vinegar.
Mode.—Clean the brill, cut off the fins, and rub it over with a little lemon-juice, to preserve its whiteness. Set the fish in sufficient cold water to cover it; throw in salt, in the above proportions, and a little vinegar, and bring it gradually to boil; simmer very gently till the fish is done, which will be in about 10 minutes; but the time for boiling, of course, depends entirely on the size of the fish. Serve it on a hot napkin, and garnish with cut lemon, parsley, horseradish, and a little lobster coral sprinkled over the fish. Send lobster or shrimp sauce and plain melted butter to table with it.
Time.—After the water boils, a small grill, 10 minutes; alarge brill, 15 to 20 minutes.
Average cost, from 4s. to 8s.
Seasonable from August to April.
The Beill.—This fish resembles the sole, but
. in a scarcely less degree than the turbot, whilst
To Choose Brill.—The flesh of this fish, like that of turbot, should be of a yellowish tint, and should be chosen on account of its thickness. If the flesh has a bluish tint, it is not good.
quite sufficient for a dish, and contain all that is usually helped, because, when the thick part is done, the tail is insipid and overdone. The latter, cut in slices, makes a very good dish for frying; or it may be salted down and served with apple sauce and parsnips. Cod, when
boiled quite fresh, is watery; salting1 a little, renders it firmer.
The Cod Tbibk.—The Jugular, characterized
by bony pills, and ventral fins before the pectoral
ones, commences the second of the Linuaan orders
of fishes, and is a numerous tribe, inhabiting only
the depths of the ocean, and seldom visiting the
-, fresh waters. They have a smooth head, and the
'm gillmembranehassevenrays. The body is oblong.
and covered with deciduous scales. The fins are
all inclosed in skin, whilst theirrays are unarmed.
The Cod. rpne ventral fins are Blender, and terminate in the
point. Their habits are gregarious, and they feed on smaller fish and other marine
COD'S HEAD AND SHOTTLDEHS.
232. Ingbedients.—Sufficient water to cover the fish; 5 oz. of salt to each gallon of water.
Mode.—Cleanse the fish thoroughly, and rub a little salt over the thick part and inside of the fish, 1 or 2 hours before dressing it, as this very much improves the flavour. Lay it in the fish-kettle, with sufficient cold water to cover it. Be very particular not to pour the water on the fish, as it is liable to break it, and only keep it just simmering. If the water should boil away, add a little by pouring it in at the side of the kettle, and not on the fish. Add salt in the above proportion, and bring it gradually to a boil. Skim very carefully, draw it to the side of the fire, and let it gently simmer till done. Take it out and drain it; serve on a hot napkin, and garnish with cut lemon, horseradish, the roe and liver. (See Coloured Plate C.)
Time.—According to size, s an hour, more or less. Average cost, from 3s. to 6s.
Sufficient for 6 or 8 persons.
Seasonable from November to March.
Note.—Oyster sauce and plain melted butter should tie served with this.
To Choose Cod.—The code should be chosen for the table when it is plump and round near the tail, when the hollow behind the head is deep, and when the sides are undulated as if they were ribbed. The glutinous parts about the head lose their delicate flavour, after the fish has been twenty-four hours out of the water. The great point by which the cod should be judged is the firmness of its flesh; and, although the code is not firm when it is alive, its quality may be arrived at by pressing the finger into the flesh. If this rises immediately, the fish is good; if not, it is stale. Another sign of its goodness is, if the fish, when it is cut, exhibits a bronze appearance, like the silver side of a round of beef. When this is the case, the flesh will be firm when cooked. Stiffness in a cod, or in any other fish, is a sure sign of freshness, though not always of quality. Sometimes, codfish, though exhibiting signs of rough usage, will eat much better than those with red gills, so strongly recommended by many cookery-books. This appearance is generally caused by the fish having been knocked about at sea, in the well-boats, in which they are conveyed from the fishing-grounds to market.
SALT COD, COMMONLY CALLED "SALT-FISH."
233. Ingredients.—sufficient water to cover the fish.
Mode.—Wash the fish, and lay it all night in water, with a 3 pint of vinegar. When thoroughly soaked, take it out, see that it is perfectly clean, and put it in the fish-kettle with sufficient cold water to cover it. Heat it gradually, but do not let it boil much, or the fish will be hard. Skim well, and when done, drain the fish and put it on a napkin garnished with hard-boiled eggs cut in rings.
Time.—About 1 hour. Average cost, 6d. per lb.
Seasonable in the spring.
Sufficient for each person, J lb.
Note.—Serve with egg sauce and parsnips. This is an especial dish on AshWednesday.
Pbesebvtb-q Cod.—Immediately as the cod are caught, their heads are cut off. They are then opened, cleaned, and salted, when they are stowed away in the hold of the vessel, in beds of five or six yards square, head to tail, with a layer of salt to each layer of fish. When they have lain in this state three or four days, in order that the water may drain from them, they are shifted into a different part of the vessel, and again salted. Here they remain till the vessel is loaded, when they are sometimes cut into thick pieces and packed in barrels for the greater convenience of carriage.
Should be well soaked in salt and water, and thoroughly washed before dressing them. They are considered a great delicacy, and may either be broiled, fried, or boiled: if they are boiled, mix a little milk with the water.
Re sounds, EW POTTLE.
a,34. Ingredients.—For forcemeat, 12 chopped oysters, 3 chopped anchovies, J lb. of bread crumbs, 1 oz. of butter, 2 eggs; seasoning of salt, pepper, nutmeg, and mace to taste; 4 cod sounds.
Mode.—Make the forcemeat by mixing the ingredients well together. Wash the sounds, and boil them in milk and water for $ an hour; take them out and let them cool. Cover each with a layer of forcemeat, roll them up in a nice form, and skewer them. Rub over with lard, dredge with flour, and cook them gently before the fire in a Dutch oven.
Time.—1 hour. Average cost, 6d. per lb.
Seasonable from November to March. Sufficient for 4 persons.
The Sounds lit Codfish.—These are the air or swimming bladders, by means of which the fishes are enabled to ascend or descend in the water. In the Newfoundland fishery they are taken out previous to incipient putrefaction, washed from their slime and salted for exportation. The tongues are also cured and packed up in barrels; whilst from the livers, considerable quantities of oil are extracted, this oil having been found possessed of the most nourishing properties, and particularly beneficial in cases of pulmonary affections.
235. Ingredients.—Any remains of cold cod, 12 oysters, sufficient melted butter to moisten it; mashed potatoes enough to fill up the dish.
Mode.—Flake the fish from the bone, and carefully take away all the skin. Lay it in a pie-dish, pour over the melted butter and oysters (or oyster sauce, if there is any left), and cover with mashed potatoes. Bake for | an hour, and send to table of a nice brown colour.
Time.— 5 hour.
Seasonable from November to March.
236. Ingredients.—2 slices of cod; pepper and salt to taste; i a teaspoonful of grated nutmeg, 1 large blade of pounded mace, 2 oz. of butter, 5 pint of stock No. 107, a paste crust (see Pastry). For sauce, 1 tablespoonful of stock, 3 pint of cream or milk, thickening of flour or butter; lemon-peel chopped very fine to taste; 12 oysters.
Mode.—Lay the cod in salt for 4 hours, then wash it and place it in a dish; season, and add the butter and stock; cover with the crust, and bake for 1 hour, or rather more. Now make the sauce, by mixing the ingredients named above; give it one boil, and pour it into the pie by a hple made at the top of the crust, which can easily be covered by a small piece of pastry cut and baked in any fanciful shape—such as a leaf, or otherwise.
Time.—15 hour. Average cost, with fresh fish, 2s. 6rf.
Seasonable from November to March.
Sufficient for 6 persons.
Note.—The remains of cold fish may be used for this pie.
237. Ingredients.—2 slices of large cod, or the remains of any cold fish; 3 oz. of butter, 1 onion sliced, a teacupful of white stock, thiok