Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue of the Physiological Series of Comparative Anatomy Contained in the Museum, Band 1

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Seite 60 - This moveable cartilage is connected wiili both the Condyle of the Jaw, and the articulating surface of the Temporal Bone, by distinct ligaments, arising from its edges all round. That by which it is attached to the Temporal Bone, is the most free and loose ; though both ligaments will allow an easy motion, or sliding of the cartilage on the respective surfaces of the Condyle, and Temporal bone. These attachments of the cartilage are strengthened, and the whole articulation secured, by an external...
Seite 29 - ... (London, 1794, edit, by Everard Home). Hunter was, however, teaching in London from 1763 and he may well have expounded in his lectures the ideas on the adjustment of the arteries, here quoted by Cleghorn in 1779 but not published until 1794, as, for instance, on p. 288 of his Treatise, where he says : " We find it a common principle in the animal machine, that every part increases in some degree according to the action required. Thus we find . . . vessels become larger in proportion to the necessity...
Seite xiii - Council have great gratification in acknowledging the unremitting labour which has been for many years bestowed on this great work by Mr. Owen, one of the Conservators, and now Hunterian Professor of comparative anatomy and physiology to the College, to whom its publication has been exclusively confided.
Seite 29 - I have observed, that in inflammation the vessels become larger, more blood passes, and there appear to be more actions taking place ; but the nerves do not seem to undergo any change. The nerves of the gravid uterus are the same as when it is in the natural state ; neither do the branches of the fifth and seventh pair of nerves in the stag become larger.
Seite 24 - Two small holes were made by cauterization near the extremities of the bone ; the length of the bone at that time being two inches and ten lines, and the distance between the holes one inch and eight lines. After a certain period the animal was killed, and the length of the bone was found to be three inches seven lines, while the space between the apertures was one inch and eleven lines ; the increase of the bone beyond the points of cauterization being more than double that of the space included...
Seite 62 - ... cartilages, the neurapophyses, which consist of two superimposed pieces on each side, the basal portion bounding the neural canal, the apical portion the parallel canal filled by fibrous elastic ligament and adipose tissue ; above this is the single cartilaginous neural spine. The parapophyses are now distinctly developed, and joined together by a continuous expanded base, forming an inverted arch beneath the notochord for the vascular trunks, even in the abdomen. Pleurapophyses are articulated...
Seite 59 - Before, and adjoining to this cavity, there is an oblong eminence, placed in the same direction, convex upon the top, in the direction of its shorter axis, which runs from behind forwards ; and a little concave in the direction of its longer axis, which runs from within outwards. It is a little broader at its outer extremity ; as the outer corresponding end of the Condyle describes a larger circle in its motion than the inner. The surface of the cavity, and eminence, is covered with one continued...
Seite vii - ... in the present, when compared with the previously existing catalogues. The printed synopsis, already quoted, is limited to an explanation of the subjects of the several series and subseries of specimens. The catalogues descriptive of the individual specimens have hitherto existed only in manuscript. The original documents explanatory of the physiological department of the collection are the following : — First, A manuscript catalogue, in Mr. Hunter's handwriting, without date, but probably...
Seite 59 - ... inner. The surface of the cavity and eminence is covered with one continued smooth cartilaginous crust, which is somewhat ligamentous, for by putrefaction it peels off, like a membrane, with the common periosteum. Both the cavity and eminence serve for the motion of the condyle of the lower jaw. The surface of the cavity is directed downward ; that of the eminence downward and backward, in such a manner, that a transverse section of both would represent the italic lettery.
Seite 62 - In the outer layer are developed distinct, firm, and opake cartilages, the neurapophyses, which consist of two superimposed pieces on each side, the basal portion bounding the neural canal, the apical portion the parallel canal filled by fibrous elastic ligament and adipose tissue; above this is the single cartilaginous neural spine. The parapophyses are now distinctly developed, and joined together by a continuous expanded base, forming an inverted arch beneath the notochord for the vascular trunks,...

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