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Luc. Do so, and we will highly gratify thee. Faustus, we are come from Hell to show thee some pastime: sit down, and thou shalt see all the Seven Deadly Sins 1 appear in their proper shapes.
Faust. That sight will be as pleasing unto me,
Luc. Talk not of paradise nor creation, but mark this show: talk of the Devil, and nothing else : come away! !
Enter the Seven Deadly Sins. Now, Faustus, examine them of their several names and dispositions.
Faust. What art thou—the first ?
Pride. I am Pride. I disdain to have any parents. I am like to Ovid's flea :? I can creep into every corner of a wench; sometimes, like a perriwig, I sit upon her brow; or like a fan of feathers, I kiss her lips; indeed I do what do I not? But, fie, what a scent is here ! I'll not speak another word, except the ground were perfumed, and covered with cloth of arras.
Faust. What art thou—the second ?
Covet. I am Covetousness, begotten of an old churl in an old leathern bag; and might I have my wish I would desire that this house and all the people in it were turned
1 At Dulwich College is preserved the "plat" of an extemporal play by Richard Tarlton on the subject of the Seven Deadly Sins, See Collier's Engl. Dram. Poetry, iii. 394 (ed. 1).
? An allusion to the mediæval Carmen de Pulice, formerly ascribed to Ovid.
to gold, that I might lock you up in my good chest. O, my sweet gold! Faust. What art thou—the third ?
129 Wrath. I am Wrath. I had neither father nor mother: I leapt out of a lion's mouth when I was scarce half an hour old; and ever since I have run up and down the world with this case of rapiers, wounding myself when I had nobody to fight withal. I was born in Hell; and look to it, for some of you
father. Faust. What art thou—the fourth ?
Envy. I am Envy, begotten of a chimney-sweeper and an oyster-wife. I cannot read, and therefore wish all books were burnt. I am lean with seeing others eat. O that there would come a famine through all the world, that all might die, and I live alone! then thou should'st see how fat I would be. But must thou sit and I stand ! Come down with a vengeance !
143 Faust. Away, envious rascal! What art thou—the fifth ?
Glut. Who, I, sir? I am Gluttony. My parents are all dead, and the devil a penny they have left me, but a bare pension, and that is thirty meals a day and ten bevers 2-a small trifle to suffice nature. O, I come of a royal parentage! My grandfather was a Gammon of Bacon, my grandmother was a Hogshead of Claret-wine;
1 Pair of rapiers. Cf, Webster's White Devil (ed. 1857, p. 46) :
"My lord hath left me yet two case of jewels
Shall make me scorn your bounty." (The speaker, Flaminius, goes out and presently returns with "two case of pistols.")
2 Refreshment between meals,
my godfathers were these, Peter Pickleherring, and Martin Martlemas-beef;? O, but my godmother, she was a jolly gentlewoman, and well beloved in every good town and city ; her name was Mistress Margery March-beer.2 Now, Faustus, thou hast heard all my progeny, wilt thou bid me to supper?
156 Faust. No, I'll see thee hanged: thou wilt eat up all my victuals.
Glut. Then the Devil choke thee !
Faust. Choke thyself, glutton! Who art thou—the sixth ?
161 Sloth. I am Sloth. I was begotten on a sunny bank, where I have lain ever since; and you have done me great injury to bring me from thence : let me be carried thither again by Gluttony and Lechery. I'll not speak another word for a king's ransom.
Faust. What are you, Mistress Minx, the seventh and last?
Lech. Who, I, sir? I am one that loves an inch of raw mutton better than an ell of fried stockfish; and the first letter of my name begins with L.3
1 “Martlemas was the customary time for hanging up provisions to dry, which had been salted for winter provision ; as our ancestors lived chiefly upon salted meat in the spring, the winter-fed cattle not being fit for use."-Nares. The Feast of St. Martin falls on November 11th.
2 The March brewing was much esteemed. In Shirley's Captain Underwit a fencing-master's allowance is put at "twenty pipes of Bermudas [i.e. twenty pipefuls of tobacco] a day, six flagons of March beer, a quart of sack in a week, -for he scorns meat.' (See my Old Plays, ii. 323.)
3 All the copies read “Lechery." The change was proposed by Collier,
[Luc.] Away to Hell, to Hell ! Now, Faustus, how dost thou like this?
[Exeunt the Sins. Faust. O, this feeds my soul ! Luc. Tut, Faustus, in Hell is all manner of delight.
Faust. O might I see Hell, and return again, How happy were I then!
Luc. Thou shalt; I will send for thee at midnight. In meantime take this book; peruse it throughly, And thou shalt turn thyself 2 into what shape thou wilt. 180
Faust. Great thanks, mighty Lucifer !
Luc. Farewell, Faustus, and think on the Devil.
[Exeunt LUCIFER and BELZEBUB.
Chorus. Learned Faustus,
1 Ed. 1616 reads :
“Luc, Away to Hell, away! On, piper ! [Exeunt the Sins. “Faust, O, how this sight doth delight my soul !
“ Luc. But, Faustus, in hell,” &c. 2 I should like to omit "thyself" for the metre's sake.
3 In ed. 1616 there follows a clownish scene between Robin and Dick. I ave printed it after the play in the Appendix,
He now is gone to prove Cosmography,
1 In ed. 1616 the speech of the Chorus is expanded as follows :
Chor. Learnéd Faustus,
The additional lines seem worthy of Marlowe, and add considerably to the picturesqueness of the original.-In Henslowe's inventory of the property of the Admiral's men (Diary, p. 273) mention is made of "I dragon in Fostes.” Perhaps (as Wagner suggests) Faustus alighted from his dragon-car at the beginning of the next scene.