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self as my master, and treated me as an apprentice. He thought himself entitled to the same services from me as from any other person. On the contrary, I conceived that, in many instances, he was too rigorous, and that, on the part of a brother, I had a right to expect greater indulgence. Our disputes were frequently brought before my father; and either my brother was generally in the wrong, or I was the better pleader of the two, for judgment was commonly given in my favour. But my brother was passionate, and often had recourse to blows, a circumstance which I took in very ill part. This severe and tyrannical treatment contributed, I believe, to imprint on my mind that aversion toarbitrary power, which, duringmy whole life, I have ever preserved. My apprenticeship became insupportable to me, and I continually sighed for an opportunity of shortening it, which at length unexpectedly offered.

An article inserted in our paper, upon some political subject which I have now forgotten, gave offence

0 the Assembly. My brother was taken into custody, censured, and ordered into confinement for a month, because, I presume, he would not discoverthe author.

1 was also taken up, and examined before the council; but, though I gave them no satisfaction, they contented themselves with reprimanding, and then dismissing me; considering me probably as bound, in quality of apprentice, to keep my master's sec its.

The imprisonment of my brother kindled my resentment, notwithstanding our private quarrels. During its continuance, the managementof the paper was entrusted to me, and I was bold enough to insert some pasquinades against the governors, whi h highly pleased my brother, while others began to look upon me in an unfavourable point of view, considering me as a young wit, inclined to satire and lampoon m

My brother's enlargement was accompamed' nn'tk an arbitrary order from the House of Assembly, "That James Franklin should no longer print"the newspaper entitled tne'INew Engine! Ccjran*..'" In this conjuncture, we held a consultation of our friends at the tttuittng-nnitse, in order to determine what was to be •Wfte. Some proposed to evade the order, b,hanging the title of the paper: but my brother fr.rseelng inconveniences that would result from this step, thought it better that it should in future be printed in the name of Benjamin Franklin; and, to avoid the censure of the Assembly, who might charge him with still printing the paper himself, under the name of his apprentice, it was resolved that my old indenture should be given up to me, with a full and entire discharge written on the back, in order to be produced upon an emergency: but that, to secure to my brother the benefit of my service, I should sign anew contract, which should be kept secret during the remainder of the term. This was a very shallow arrangement. It was, however, carried into immediate execution, and the paper continued, in consequence, to make its appearance for some months in my name. At length a new difference arising between my brother and me, I ventured to take advantage of my liberty, presuming that he would not dare to prod i« the new contract. It was undoubtedly dishu. „ ,ahle to avail myself of this circumstance, and I reckon this action as one of the first errors of my life, out I was little capable of estimating it at its true value, embittered as my mind had been by the recollection of the blows I had received. Exclusively ofhis passionate treatment of me, my brother was by no means a man of an ill temper, and perhaps my manners had too much impertinence not to afford it a very natural pretext.

When he knew that it was my determination to qti't him, lie wished to prevent my finding employment elsewhere. He went to all the printing-houses in the town, and prejudiced the masters against me; who accordingly refused to employ me. The idea theftuggested itself to me of going to New- York, the nearest town in which there was a printing-office. Farther reflection confirmed me in the design of leaving Boston, where I,had already rendered myself an object of suspicion to the governing party. It was probable, from the arbitary proceedings of the Assembly in the affair of my brother, that, by remaining, I should soon have been exposed to difficulties,which I had thi greater reason to apprehend, as, from my indiscreet disputes upon the subject of religion, I began tu In regarded by pious souls, with horror, either as an apostate or an atheist. I came therefore to a resolutton: hut my father, siding with my brother, I presumed that if I attempted to depart openly, measures would be taken to prevent me. My friend Collins undertook to favour my flight. He agreed for my pas •age with the captain of a New-York sloop, to whom he represented me as a young man of his a. 'inaint-ance, who had an affair with a girl of bad character, whose parents wished to compel me to marry her, and of consequence I could neither make my appearance, nor go off publicly. I sold part of my books to procure a small sum of money, and went privately on board the sloop. By favour of a good wind, I found myself in three days at New-York, nearly three hundred miles from my home, at the age only of seventeen years, without knowing an individual in the place, and with very little money in my pocket.

The inclination I had felt for a sea-faring Ills wai entirely subsided, or I should now have been able to gratify it; but, having another trade, and believing mystlf to be a tolerable workman, I hesitated notto offer my services to the old Mr. William Bradford, who had been the first printer hi Pennsylvania, but had quitted the province on account of a quarrel with George Keith, the governor. He could not give me employment himself, having little to do, and already as many persons as he wanted; but he told me that his son, printer at Philadelphia, had lately lost his principal workman, Aquila Rose, who was dead, and that if I would go thither, he believed that he would engage me. Philadelphia was a hundred miles farther. I l.e«tauv{ not to embark in a boat in order to repair, by the shortest cut of the sea, to Amboy, leaving my trunk and effects to come after me by the usual and more tedious conveyance. In crossing the bay we met with a squall, which shattered to pieces our rotten sails, prevented us from entering the Kill, and threw us upon Ixmg Island.

During the squall, a drunken Dutchman, who, like myself, was a passenger in the boat, fell into the sea M the moment that he was sinking, I seized him hf the fore-top, saved him, and drew him on board. This immersion sobered him a little, so that he fell asleep, after having taken from his pocket a volume which he requested me to dry. This volume I found to be my old .favourite work, Bunyan's Pilgrim, in Dutch, a beautiful impression on fine paper, with cepper-plato engravings; a dress in which I had neverseen it in its original language. I have since learned that it has been translated into almost all the languages of Europe, and, next to the Bible, I am persuaded it is one of the books that has had the greatest spread. Honest John is the first, that I know of, who has mixed narrative and dialogue together; a mode of writing very engaging to the reader, who in the most interestmg passages finds himself admitted, as it were into the company, and present at the conversation. De Foe has imitated it with success in his Robinson Crusoe, his Moll Flanders, and other works; as also Richardson in his Pamela, &c.

In approaching the island, we found that we had made a part of the coast where it was not possible to land, on account of the strong breakers produced by the rocky shore. We cast anchor and veered the cable towards the shore. Some men, who stood upon the brink, halloed to us, while we did the same on our part; but the wind was so high, and the waves so noisy, that we could neither of us hear each other. There were some canoes upon the bank, and we called out to them, and made signs to prevail on them to come and take us up; but either they did not understand us, or they deemed our request impracticable, and withdrew. Night came on, and nothing remained for us but to wait quietly the subsiding of the wind; till when, we determined, that is, the pilot and I, to sleep if possible. For that purpose we went below the hatches along with the Dutchman, who was drenched with water. The sea broke over the boat, and reachea us in our retreat, so that we were presently as completely drenched as he.

We had very little repose during the whole night; but the wind abating the :iext day, we succeeded in reaching Amboy before it was dark, after having passMi thirty hours without provisions, and with no olhei drink than a bottle of bad rum, the water upon which we rowed being salt. In the evening I went to bed with a very violent fever. I had somewhere read that cold water, drank plentifully, was a remedy in such cases. I followed the prescription, was in a profuse sweat for the greater part of the night, and the fever left me. The next day I crossed the river in a ferryboat, and continued my journey on foot. I had fifty miles to walk, in order to reach Burlington, where I was told I should find passage-boats that would convey me to Philadelphia. It rained hard the whole day, so that I was wet to the skin. Finding myself fatigued about noon, I stopped at a pultry iim, where I passed the rest of the day and the who.e night, beginning to regret that I had quitted my home. I made besides so wretched a figure, that I was suspected to be some runaway servant. This I discovered by the questions that were asked me; and I felt that I was every moment in danger of being taken up as such. The next day, however, I continued my journey, and arrived in the evening at an inn, eight or ten miles from Burlington, that was kept by one Dr. Brown.

This man entered into conversation with me while I took some refreshment, and perceiving that I had read a little, he expressed towards me considerable interest and friendship. Our acquaintance continued during the remainder of his life. I believe him to have been what is called an itinerant doctor; foi there was no town in England, or indeed in Europe, of which he could not give a particular account tie was neither deficient in understanding or literature, but he was a sad infidel; and, some years after,wickedly undertook to travesty the Bible, in burlesque verse, as Cot-' ton travestied Virgil. He exhibited, by this means, many facts in a very ludicrous point of view, which would have given umbrage to weak minds, had his work been published, which it never was.

I spent the night at his house, and reached Burlington the next morning. On my arrival, I had the mor- tificaiion to learn that the ordinary passage-boats had sailed a little before. This was on a Saturday, and there would be no other boat till the Tuesday followmg, p I returned to the house of an old woman in the

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