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ters one of our cabins, we all treat him as I do you; we dry him if he is wet, we warm him if he is cold, and give him meat and drink, that he may allay his thirst and hunger; and we spread soft furs for him to rest and sleep on: we demand nothing in return.* But if I go into a white man's house at Albany, and ask for victuals and drink, they say, Where is your money? and if I have none, they say, Get out, you Indian dog. You see that they have nui learned thos little good things that we need no meetings to be in structcd in, because our mothers taught them us when we were children; and therefore it is impossible their meetings should be, as they say, for any such purpose, or have any such effect; they are only to contrive tlu clieating of Indians in the price of Water."

* It » remarkable that, ia ill ayee aad eounlrtae, hoepkalitj haa kaan allowed at the virtue of thole, wti*.m thi civilized were pleated to nail barbarian!; the Gleet! celebrated the Scythiana lor it; the Saracen, poeeeated it eminently ; ami it at to tbie day the reignmg virtue of the wild Araba. St. t'aul, too, in [lie riljinm of hit voyage and ihip wreck, on the itland of Melita, aayt_C{' Tbe barbarout people ihowed ui no little limine,,; for th*y kindled a fire, and rtceived ua every one. becauau of the preaent rata, and becauae of tbe cold.'' Thit ante ia lakes Ton a aiuall collecuon of I'tanla Ha'e paperi, prmted far Dill/



London, October 2,I770.

f See, with pleasure, that we think pretty much alike on the subjects of English America. We of the colonies have never insisted that we ought to be exempt from contributing to the common expenses necessary to support the prosperity of the empire. We cnly assert, that having parliaments of our own, and not having representatives in that of Great Britain, our parliaments are the only judges of what we can and what we ought to contribute in this case; and that the English parliament has no right to take our money without our consent. In fact, the British empire is not a single state; it comprehends many; and though the parliament of Great Britain has arrogated to itself th^power of taxing the colonies, it has no more rightno do so, then it has to tax Hanover. We have the^sftfne king, but not the same legislatures.

The dispute between the two countries has already lost England many millions sterling, which it has lost in its commerce, and America has in this respect been a proportionable gai.ier. This commerce consisted principally of superfluities; objects of luxury and fashion, which we can well do without; and the resolution we have formed of importing no more till our grievances are redressed, has enabled many of our iniant manufacturers to take root; and it will not be easy to make our people abandon them in future, even should a connexion more cordial than ever succeed the present troubles.—I have, indeed, no doubt, that the parliament of England will finally abandon its present pretensions, and leave us to the peaceable enjoyment of our rights and privileges.


A Comparison of the Conduct of the Anciml Jem, and of the AntifederaliiU in the United Slates of America.

A Zealous advocate for the proposed Federal Conftitution in a certain public assembly said, that " th» repugnance of great part of mankind to good government was such, that he believed that if an angel from heaven was to bring down a constitution formed there for our use, it would nevertheless meet w.tli violent opposition."—He was reproved for the supposed extravagance of the sentiment; and he did not justify it.—Probably it might not have immediately occurred to him, that the experiment had been tried, and that the event was recorded in the most faithful of all histories, the Holy Bible; otherwise he might, as it seems to me, have supported his opinion by that unexceptionable authority.

The Supreme Being had been pleased to nourish up a single family, by continued acts of his attentive providence, until it became a great people: and having rescued them from bondage by many miracles performed by his servant Moses, he personally delivered to that chosen servant, in presence of the whole nation, a constitution and code of laws for theirobservance; accompanied and sanctioned with promises of great rewards, and threats of severe punishments, as the consequence of their obedience or disobedience. This constitution, though the Deity himself was to be at its head (and it is therefore called by political writers a theocracy) could not be carried into execution but by means of his ministers: Aaron and his »oim were commissioned to be, with Moses, the first established ministry of the new government.

One would have thought, that the appointment of men, who had distinguished themselves in procuring the liberty of their nation, and had hazarded their lives in openly opposing the will of a powerful monarch who would have retained that nation in slavery, might have been an appointment acceptable to a grateful people; and that a constitution framed for them by the Deity himself, might on that account have been secure of a universal welcome reception. Yet there were, in every one of the thirteen tribes, some discontented, restless spirits, who were continually exciting them to reject the proposed new government, and this from various motives.

Many still retained an affection for Egypt, the land of their nativity; and these, whenever they felt any inconvenience or hardship, though the natural and unavoidable effect of their change of situation, exclaimed against their leaders as the authors of their trouble; and were not only for returning into Egypt, but for stoning their deliverers.* Those inclined to idolatry were Jkpleased their golden calf was destroyed. Many of the chiefs thought the new constitution might be injurious to their particular interests, that the profitable places would be engrossed by the families and friends of Moses and Aaron, and others equally well born excluded.t—In Josephus, and the Talmud, we learn some particulars, not so fully narrated in the Scripture. We are there told, "that Korah was ambitious of the priesthood; and offended that it was conferred on Aaron; and this, as he said, by the authority of Moses only, without the consent of the people. He accused Moses of having, by various artifices, fraudulently obtained the government, and deprived the people of their liberties; and of conspiring with Aaron to perpetuate the tyranny in their family. Thus, though Korah's real motive was the supplanting of Aaron, he persuaded the people that he meant only the public good; and they, moved by his insinuations, began to cry out,—'Let us maintain the common liberty of our respecWe tribes; we have freed ourselves from the slavery

* Numoeri, chap, sir.

t N mabari, chip. Iti. Mf. 1. "Asa' they gathered i *oe;e'her againit Motes and against Aaron, anil uid uato them, Ti lake too much upon you, seeing- all the concrefauoa axe holy, •▼ery one of them,—wherefore than lift Ji up jouraeifu ahuTa eaajwni;regatioa J"

imposed upon us by the Egyptians, and shall we tuner ourselves to be made slaves by Moses? If wa must have a master, it were better to return to Pharaoh, who at least fed us with bread and onions, than to serve this new tyrant, who by his operations has brought us into danger of famine.' Then they called in question the reality of his conferences with God; and objected to the privacy of the meeting, and the preventing any of the people from being present at the colloquies, or even approaching the place, as grounds of great suspicion. They accused Moses also of peculation; as embezzling part of the golden spoons and the silver chargers, that the princes had offered at the dedication of the altar,* and the offerings of gold by the common people,! as well as most of the poll-tax ;\ and Aaron they accused of pocketing much of the gold, of which he pretended to have made a molten calf. Besides peculation, they charged Moses with ambition; to gratify which passion, he had, they said, deceived the people, by promising to bring them to a land flowing with milk and honey: insteadof doing which, he had brought them from such a land; and that he thought light of all this mischief, provided he could make himself an absolute pnncc.|| That to support the new dignity with if lendour in his family, the partial poll-tax already levied and given to Aaror.H was to be followed by a general one,*• which would probably be augmented from time to time, if he were suffered to go on new laws, on pretence of new occasional revelations ofthe Divine will, till their whole fortunes were devoured by that aristocracy."

• Wumben, ebap. eti.

* £xodui chip. Xixt. rcr. 33.

I Numbers, chap. lit. tod Exodne, chap. lit.

|| Number', chap. xei. far. i1. "la it a amall thing; that the* haat brought ui up out of a land flowmg with milk and honer, to kil] ae in thii wil.letoeea, except that thou make, thyaelf altogether • aarmcc over ua!"

V IV unbare, chap. ili. ** Exodua, chap, ut

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