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LAST SPEECH OF GOV. THOMAS CHITTENDEN.' Gentlemen of the Council and Assembly-You are so well knowing to the manifold favours and blessings bestowed on us, as a people, by the great ruler of the unive e, that it would be unnecessary for me to recapitulate them. I would therefore only observe, that but a few years since we were without constitution, law or government, in a state of anarchy and confusion, at war with a potent foreign power, opposed by a powerful neighbouring state, discountenanced by the congress, distressed by internal dissentions, all our landed property in iminent danger, and without the means of defence.
Now your eyes behold the happy day, when we are in the full and uninterrupted enjoyment of a well regulated government, suited to the situation and genius of the people, acknowledged by all the powers of the earth, supported by the congress, at peace with our sister states, among ourselves and all the world.
From whence did these great blessings come ? From God. Are they not worth enjoying ? They surely are. Does it not become us as a people, to improve them, that we may have reason to hope they may be continued to us, and transmitted to posterity? It certainly does.
What are the most likely measures to be taken by us, as a people, to obtain this great end? To be a faithful, virtuous, industrious, and a moral people.
Does it not become us as the legislature, to take every method in our power to encourage virtue, industry, morality, religion, and learning ? I think it does.
Is there any better method that can be taken by us, to answer this purpose, than by our own example, and having a sacred regard to virtue, industry, integrity, and morality, in all our appointments of executive and judicial officers ? This is the day we have appointed to nominate all our subordinate, executive, and judicial officers, through the state, for the present year.
The people by their free suffrages, have given us the power, and in us they have placed their confidence, and to God, to them, and our own consciences we are accountable.
Suffer me, sir, as a leader, as a father, as a friend and a lover of this people, and as one whose voice cannot be much longer heard here, to instruct you in all your appointments, to have regard to none, but those who maintain a good moral character, men of integrity, and distinguished for wisdom and abilities; in doing this you will en courage virtue which is the glory of a people, and discountenance and discourage vice and profaneness, which is a reproach to any people.
From the printed Assembly Journal of 1796, p. 28.
ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.
Samuel Mattocks.-Mr. Mattocks, then of Middlebury, declined being a candidate for re-election as State Treasurer, in a card dated July 28, 1800, for which see Spooner's Vermont Journal of Aug. 19, 1800. He held that office fourteen years.
Benjamin Swan, of Woodstock, was elected State Treasurer, in joint committee of both houses, Oct. 11, 1800, by “ a large majority of the votes.”—Ante, p. 259. He was re-elected annually by the people until 1833, having received a greater number of elections to a high office than any other citizen of the State. He was a pure, gentle, and genial man, trusted and beloved by all who knew him. As the stars have been said to go,“ singing as they shine," so went he about his daily duties, softly humming through them all, as one at perfect peace with God and man. On the settlement of his accounts with the State in October, 1833, it was found that, during the thirty-three years of his service, he had received $732.25 in counterfeit and uncurrent money, being an average of a little over $22 per annum, and by a joint resolution he was allowed that sum to balance the books of the office. At this day such an inconsiderable loss perhaps would be justly censurable; but in his day it indicated very great and commendable caution, since the fact was, for many years, that a very large proportion of the bills and coin in circulation was counterfeit. Of the criminal cases reported in 1808 from seven counties, there were sixty-three indictments specified for counterfeiting, or uttering base money. Out of a large number of cases in which the offence was not specified, it is probable that many more were for counterfeiting, or uttering counterfeit money.-See Assembly Journal of 1808, pp. 32 to 41.
Compensation of the Governor and State Treasurer.-In 1801 the salary of the governor was fixed at $750 per annum, and of the Treasurer at $400. In 1857, the salary of the governor was increased to the present sum, $1000; and that of the treasurer to $500. The present salary of the treasurer is $1500, and $900 for a clerk.
Vol. I, p. 245.—Joshua Woodward and Samuel Daniels, who were killed in the fight at Shelburne in 1778, were previously citizens of Pittsford, though Mr. Daniels had removed to Salisbury before the fight. -See Dr. A. M. Caverly's History of Pittsford, p. 131.
Vol. II, p. 51.-Doct. Jonathan Arnold died Feb. 1, 1793, instead of Feb. 2, 1798.
Vol. II, p. 132.—The daughter of Noah Chittenden, referred to in note 3, married Truman Galusha, instead of Gov. Jonas Galusha.
Vol. iv, p. 195, note 1.-Since writing the note referred to, the editor has found that Joseph Hawkins removed from Vermont to New York, and in 1797 published, at Philadelphia, a 12mo. volume of 180 pages, with a frontispiece, entitled as follows:
SLAVE-TRADE. History of a Voyage to the Coast of Africa, and Travels into the interior of that Country: containing particular descriptions of the Climate and inhabitants, and interesting particulars concerning the Slave-Trade. By Joseph Hawkins, of New York, who has since become blind, and for whose benefit it is now published by his friends.
Vol. iv, p. 370. —No account of election-day services in 1803 could be found when the copy for the page was prepared. It has been found since that the sermon was preached by Rev. Sylvester Sage.
CORRECTIONS IN VOL. IV. P. 28, “ Sanders” should be Sanderson, and “ Lyon ” should be Lymde;
" Harrison" should be Harrington; p. 87, “ Brush ” should be Bush; p. 108, “ Rust” should be Burt; p. 110, note 1, the reference should be to Appendix L; p. 151, note 1, " Merrill ” should be Morrill; p. 181, line 3, read Samuel B. Sheldon, instead of “Samuel C."; p. 223, “ Burr” should be “ Burton; pp. 236 and 296, " Burnham ” should be Barnum; p. 260, “Janes” should be Jones; p. 297, " Blake" should be Baker, and “ Crane” should be Train; p. 333, “ Miles” should be Niles; p. 358, “ Walden” should be Morgan; p. 377, “ Brown” should be Brownson; p. 405, “Nathaniel Callendar" should be Nathan Callendar; and p. 458, “ Elijah Sheldon” should be Elisha Sheldon.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND NOTE. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS are due to Doct. A. M. CAVERLY of Pittsford for corrections; to Gov. RYLAND FLETCHER of Cavendish for genealogy of the Fletcher family; to widow ELON GALUSHIA of Lockport, N. Y., and Dea. GEORGE HUNTINGTON of Rochester, N. Y., for a portrait of Gov. Jonas Galusha, which is reserved for the proper place; and to CHAUNCEY K. WILLIAMS, Esq., of Rutland, for a notice of Hon. Samuel Williams.
NOTE.—The printing of the pamphlets on the origin and causes of the annexation of New Hampshire towns to Vermont, in 1778 and 1781, is again postponed with a hope of obtaining the third and last pamphlet.
Academies and Grammar Schools, ! 256-58, 265, 269, 277, 280, 283, 290
57, 82, 99, 100, 161-2. 198, 220, 232. -91, 295, 299, 305, 309, 314, 316,
358, 370, 398.- Biographical note,
the legislature, 16 see State Cap- Andrews, Capt. William, 140.
itals; on scruples of Quakers, 18. Anthony, John, 175, 180, 202.
424; Charles, 229; Jacob, 269, 279. Archibald, Thomas, 192.
Arms, Jesse, 115; Josiah, 24, 40, 109,
510; address of Vt. Assembly 10, Armstrong. Jonathan, 232, 236-239,
Arnold, Gen. Benedict, 2; Doct.
31, 33, 36, 40, 78, 448, 532–Obitu-
Prest. Washington, 190—-reply 65, 67, 73, 78-9, 86-88; W. C., 123.
Atwater, Rev. Jeremiah, 288, 328.
Auditor of accounts against the
State, 12, 79, 156, 159, 227, 304, 353.
114, 178, 332, 359, 386; of New- Averill, Gen. Elisha, 293; Samuel,
404, 532; Joseph, 29, 67; Peniber-
145, 174, 178, 181, 198, 203, 215-16, Ball, Rev. lleman, 108; Samuel, 90.
Barber, Joel, 34.
Bingham, Elisha W., 208 ; Jere-
Biographical and other notes: Elisha
Hubbard, 129, 171, 191, 261, 270 503, 5532 ; John Bridgman, 216;
Lt. Gov. Paul Brigham, 21, and
portrait fronting the title-page ;
iam Chamberlain, 105 ; Noah
Chittenden, obituary, 501 ; Gen.
William Eaton, 482; Doct. Asaph
Stephen Jacob, 106; Elias Keyes,
368; Beriah Loomis, 290 ; Nehe-
Lynde, 61; Ebenezer Marvin, 1;
Solomon Miller. 215; Gen. Israel
Judge Elijah Paine, senior, 433;
109, 215; Germantown, 22; Hlub inson, 61; Samuel Shepardson,
Truman Squier, 62; Benjamin
Swan, 531; Doct. Timothy Todd,
Jacob, 1-4, 6-11, 13-15, 17, 20, 21, John White, 60; Richard Whit-
Joshua, 76, 359; Moses L., 322. Wing, jr., 445; 'Doct. James With-
Joseph, jr., 192, 304, 313, 373. Bissell, Lieut. Daniel, 484.
188, 217, 221, 232, 254, 320, 325, 332,
345, 392, 431, 492, 509-10, 526.
230, 339, 341, 356, 361, 375.
Bliss, Abdiel, 261, 273, 291; Timo-
thy, 217, 223.
23-28, 30, 31, 33, 36, 40, 60, 62, 64 Blood, Rev. Caleb, 11, 12, 23.
-66, 68, 70-72, 82, 105, 107, 124, 136. Blye, Oliver, 39, 76.
Boardman, Samuel, 295.
Bottom Lemuel, 181, 183, 196, 221,
236, 261, 266, 271, 294, 344; Ros-
Boundary of Vermont, northern,
115; boundary line between Ver-
mont and New Hampshire, 36, 72.
65, 67, 86-7, 152, 175, 184, 190. Boys, or Boyce, William, 412.
Bracey, Nehemiah, 481.