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Page. Chap. I. State of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, g at the close of the War with France, with its History from that Period to the end of Governor Pownall’s Administration, in the Year 1760 . I CHAP. II. From the Arrival of Governor Bernard, August 2nd, 1760, to his Departure, August

2nd, 1769 . - - - - - , 82 CHAP. III. From the Departure of Governor Bernard, to the Arrival of Governor Gage . . . 256 A PPEND IX. Page.

APP. A. Message from the Council and Assembly to Governor Bernard, acknowledging their submission to Acts of Parliament, &c., Jan. 27, 1761 463 App. B. Resolves of the Assembly of Virginia on the Stamp Act, May 28, 1765 . . . . . 466 APP. C. Governor Bernard's Speech to the Assemblyat the time of the Stamp Act, Sept. 25, 1765 . . 467 App. D. The Answer of the Assembly, Oct. 25, 1765 471 App. E. The Resolves of the Assembly on the same occasion, Oct. 29, 1765 - - - . 476 APP. F. The Resolves of the Convention at New York,

October 19, 1765 . - - - - . 479 APP. G. Address to the King from the Convention at New York . . - : - . .". - " . 481 APP. H. Memorial to the Hause qf Lards, from the Convention at INew-York . . . . . . . . . 483 App. I. Petition to the House of Commons, from the Convention at New York . . . . - . 485 APP. J. Address of the Iahabitants of the Town of Boston to Governor Berhard, ifter the seizure of Mr. Hancock's Vessel from Madeira, June 14, 1768 - - 488

App. K. Instructions of the Town of Boston to their Representatives, on the same occasion, June 17, 1768 . - - - - • - . 489

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the Grant of the Governor's Salary from the

Crown, July, iž . . . . . . .

App. W. Governor Hutchinson's Answer to the above

Report -** : :... " : * * : :

545

546

CHAP I.

CHAP. I.

State of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, at
the close of the War with France, with its
History from that Period, to the end of
Governor Pownall's Administration, in the
Year 1760.

THE people of Massachusetts Bay were never in 1749 a more easy and happy situation, than at the close of the war with France. By the generous reimbursement of the whole charge incurred by the expedition against Cape Breton, the province was set free from a heavy debt, in which it must otherwise have remained involved, and was enabled to exchange a depreciating paper medium, which had long been the sole instrument of trade, for a stable medium of silver and gold; the advantage whereof, to all branches of their commerce, was evident, and excited the envy of the other colonies, in each of which paper was the principal currency. They flattered themselves that Cape Breton would remain subject to Great Britain; and it was a mortification to them, that, what they called, “their own acquisition,” should be restored to France; but they had nothing to fear from it, so long as peace continued. The French fishery had failed before the war, and whilst the English could catch and cure fish cheaper than the French, there was no danger of its revival. The Indians upon the frontiers were so reduced, that new settlements were made without ". WIllC

1749 which not only caused the territory settled to in-
crease in value, but afforded materials for enlarging

the commerce of the province.
There was but little subject for controversy in
the general assembly. Governor Shirley's adminis-
tration had been satisfactory to the major part of
the people. There was an opposition, but it was
not powerful; perhaps not more powerful than may,
generally, be salutary. During the last seven years,
no great change of councillors had been made at
. of the elections, and they were, in general, well
affected to the governor. This prosperous state of
the province was very much owing to the success of
his active, vigorous measures; of which he wished
to give an account in person, and for that purpose
had obtained leave to go to England. He had further
views. Soon after the peace was proclaimed in
America, the French discovered a design of enlarg-
ing their territory on the back of New York, and of
taking fresh possession of the country of Acadia;
and it was a common report, that French settlements
were begun east of Crown Point. By a hint from
the governor to some of his friends, the council and
house were brought to join in an address, praying
him to represent to the king the necessity of building
a strong fort near to Crown Point; and of settling
and fortifying a town at Chibucto, or some other
harbour in Nova Scotia. The Governor of Canada
had written to the Indians upon the eastern frontiers
of New England, to dissuade them from a peace with
the English, and a copy of the letter had been ob-

tained by Mr. Shirley.

The contest about the bounds between the French and English in America, which was, by the treaty, to be left to commissaries, instead of being amicably settled, would probably be increased, and finally decided by the sword. It looked as if the peace could be of no long continuance. At such a time, he thought

thought he could be of more service to himself, and 1749 to the publick, in England, than in America. He sailed from Boston in September, 1749. Soon after his arrival in England, he was appointed one of the commissaries for settling the American boundaries. He spent much time in France with little success. The documents produced by the commissaries on each side, shewed that, on dif. ferent occasions, different bounds had been assigned to the territory of Acadia. In the commission to the last French governor before the treaty of Utrecht, Acadia was made to extend to the river Kennebeck, and the whole was ceded, by the treaty, to the English. The French commissaries, notwithstanding, refused to agree to so great an extent, and confined Acadia, which they suppose in the treaty intended Nova Scotia, to the peninsula. They could no better agree upon the limits of Canada; and each party urged that their claims were strengthened by the evidence produced on this occasion. When the Indians have taken part in a war with the French, or, by themselves have engaged in war against the English, a formal treaty of peace has always been thought expedient. The necessary preparation for Mr.Shirley's voyage prevented his attending the treaty in person; and commissioners” were appointed, who met some of

* The commissioners from Massachusetts Bay were Thomas Hutchinson, John Choate, Israel Williams, and James Otis, Esqrs. Sir William Pepperell had been appointed at the head of the commission, but sailed for England before the treaty took place. Theodore Atkinson and John Downing, Esqrs, were the commissioners

from New Hampshire. -
The Indians began the treaty with an act of pleasantry and good
humour. Notice had been given, that they must bring in such
English captives as were among them, and particularly a boy
whose name was Macfarlane, and who was taken in the beginning
of the war. They apologized for not bringing Macfarlane, and
feigned some excuse, promising he should be sent when *:

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